CN113150962A - Efficient catalytic system based on garbage hydrogen production - Google Patents

Efficient catalytic system based on garbage hydrogen production Download PDF

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CN113150962A
CN113150962A CN202110081756.3A CN202110081756A CN113150962A CN 113150962 A CN113150962 A CN 113150962A CN 202110081756 A CN202110081756 A CN 202110081756A CN 113150962 A CN113150962 A CN 113150962A
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hydrogen production
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module
reaction
dark
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CN113150962B (en
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王伟平
李俊杰
吴婷婷
陈晓阳
屈文欢
李娜
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Hebei North University
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    • Y02E60/30Hydrogen technology
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    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/50Improvements relating to the production of bulk chemicals
    • Y02P20/59Biological synthesis; Biological purification

Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency catalytic system based on garbage hydrogen production, which belongs to the field of garbage treatment and comprises a big data control platform, wherein a catalytic system for coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation hydrogen production can be formed by an organic garbage classification unit, an organic garbage pretreatment unit, a dark reaction hydrogen production unit, a reaction liquid treatment unit, a light reaction hydrogen production unit, a gas separation unit and a catalytic bacteria culture unit, a fluorescent marker module and a fungus cluster growth analysis module in the catalytic bacteria culture unit can effectively acquire the growth, distribution and reaction conditions of catalytic bacteria in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit, can effectively control and analyze the hydrogen production process of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit, effectively improve the hydrogen production efficiency, improve the control precision of the hydrogen production process and effectively improve the continuous improvement of the subsequent hydrogen production technology, improving the economic benefit and the research and development value of the hydrogen production from the garbage.

Description

Efficient catalytic system based on garbage hydrogen production
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of garbage treatment, in particular to a high-efficiency catalytic system for hydrogen production based on garbage.
Background
Hydrogen has been increasingly demanded in recent years as a new clean energy and industrial raw material. Water electrolytic hydrogen production, carbohydrate steam reforming hydrogen production and automated thermochemical hydrogen production are well known hydrogen production processes, but they appear to be less expensive due to the high consumption production conditions required by these processes. From a cost perspective, processes for biological hydrogen production have largely surpassed these chemical processes. Biological hydrogen production, wherein the biomass produces hydrogen through gasification and a microbial catalytic dehydrogenation method. The process of producing molecular hydrogen in physiological metabolic processes is generally referred to.
Most of the biological hydrogen production processes are carried out by using the water photolysis of algae bacteria, the dark fermentation and the photosynthetic fermentation of organic garbage under the action of saccharides. An ordered dark-light reactive fermentation process appears to be a new attempt to bioproduce hydrogen. One of the biggest problems in producing hydrogen by dark light reaction fermentation is the consumption of raw materials. High-sugar, low-nitrogen solid wastes, such as agricultural and food industry wastes containing cellulose, starch and some food industry waste waters, whey cheese, olive shells, industrial waste waters of baker's yeast, which are subjected to hydrogen production while treating the wastes.
As the worldwide demand for energy continues to increase, the storage of fossil fuels continues to decrease and the carbon dioxide produced by the combustion of fossil fuels has a number of negative environmental effects. For these reasons, many experts are working on sustainable energy sources to replace fossil fuels. Hydrogen is considered to be a discovered alternative and future energy carrier. Hydrogen is used as a clean energy source without carbon dioxide emission and can be used for fuel cell power generation. Compared to other energy sources, hydrogen energy sources can produce up to 122KJ per gram, which is 2.75 times that of hydrocarbon batteries.
The existing biomass hydrogen production methods comprise hydrogen production by photolysis of water, hydrogen production by dark fermentation, hydrogen production by light fermentation, hydrogen production by coupling of light fermentation and dark fermentation, and hydrogen production by fermentation, wherein the hydrogen production method by coupling of light fermentation and dark fermentation is one of the fastest hydrogen production efficiency and more hydrogen production amount, and is an ideal hydrogen production method in the existing biological hydrogen production. However, in the existing biomass hydrogen production process, only the growing environment of the bacterial clusters is controlled, and the hydrogen production process and the reactor are not subjected to careful mechanism control, so that the hydrogen production efficiency is effectively reduced, the control accuracy of the hydrogen production process is reduced, and the continuous improvement of the subsequent hydrogen production technology is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a high-efficiency catalytic system for hydrogen production based on garbage, a catalytic system of coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation for hydrogen production can be formed by the organic waste classification unit, the organic waste pretreatment unit, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit, the reaction liquid treatment unit, the light reaction hydrogen production unit, the gas separation unit and the catalytic bacteria culture unit, the growth, distribution and reaction conditions of the catalytic bacteria in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit can be effectively obtained by the fluorescence labeling module and the bacteria cluster growth analysis module in the catalytic bacteria culture unit, the hydrogen production processes of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit can be effectively controlled and analyzed, the hydrogen production efficiency is effectively improved, the control precision of the hydrogen production process is improved, the continuous improvement of the subsequent hydrogen production technology is effectively improved, and the economic benefit and the research and development value of the hydrogen production from waste are improved.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions.
A garbage hydrogen production-based efficient catalytic system comprises a big data control platform, wherein the big data control platform is connected with an organic garbage classification unit, the output end of the organic garbage classification unit is connected with an organic garbage pretreatment unit, the output end of the organic garbage pretreatment unit is connected with a dark reaction hydrogen production unit, the output end of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit is respectively connected with a reaction liquid treatment unit and a gas separation unit, the output end of the reaction liquid treatment unit is connected with a light reaction hydrogen production unit, the output end of the light reaction hydrogen production unit is connected with the gas separation unit, and the input ends of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are further connected with a catalytic bacteria culture unit;
the catalytic bacteria culture unit comprises a dark reaction cluster culture module, a photoreaction cluster culture module, a fluorescence labeling module and a cluster growth analysis module, wherein the output end of the dark reaction cluster culture module is connected with the dark reaction hydrogen production unit, the output end of the photoreaction cluster culture module is connected with the photoreaction hydrogen production unit, and the input end of the cluster growth analysis module is respectively connected with the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the photoreaction hydrogen production unit. A catalytic system for coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation to produce hydrogen is formed by the organic waste classification unit, the organic waste pretreatment unit, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit, the reaction liquid treatment unit, the light reaction hydrogen production unit, the gas separation unit and the catalytic bacteria culture unit, and the fluorescent marker module and the bacteria cluster growth analysis module in the catalytic bacteria culture unit can effectively acquire the growth, distribution and reaction conditions of the catalytic bacteria in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit, can effectively control and analyze the hydrogen production process of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit, effectively improve the hydrogen production efficiency, improve the control precision of the hydrogen production process, effectively improve the continuous improvement of the subsequent hydrogen production technology, and improve the economic benefit and research and development value of the hydrogen production from waste.
Furthermore, the fluorescence labeling module respectively acts on the dark reaction bacterial cluster culture module and the light reaction bacterial cluster culture module, the output end of the fluorescence labeling module is connected with the bacterial cluster growth analysis module, and the output end of the bacterial cluster growth analysis module is connected with the big data control platform. The fluorescence labeling module is used for labeling different fluorescence colors of the bacterial clusters used for dark reaction and light reaction respectively, so that the bacterial clusters in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit can be observed and analyzed conveniently, the conditions of the bacterial clusters are analyzed through the bacterial cluster growth analysis module, the types and the contents of the bacterial clusters in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are effectively adjusted, the quantity of hydrogen production by coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation is promoted, the interaction of coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation is improved, and the light fermentation and the dark fermentation are improved in an auxiliary manner.
Further, the gas separation unit is connected with carbon dioxide fixing equipment through a lead, the carbon dioxide fixing equipment comprises an equipment body, a pair of algae fixers are arranged in the equipment body, the two algae fixers divide the equipment body into a loop circuit, each algae fixer comprises an algae fixing outer shell, the outer end of each algae fixing outer shell is fixedly connected with a plurality of algae growth tubes, a humidification growth inner shell is fixedly connected in each algae fixing outer shell, and a lighting lamp tube matched with the algae growth tubes is fixedly arranged in the humidification growth inner shell. Through the alga growth tube in the alga fixer, the alga growth tube produces photosynthesis and absorbs carbon dioxide fixedly, makes hydrogen and carbon dioxide carry out effective separation to increase the area of contact of mist and alga growth tube through the way of returning the shape, improve the efficiency of fixed carbon dioxide, improve the purity of separating out hydrogen.
Furthermore, a humidifying cavity is formed in the inner wall of the humidifying growth inner shell, a humidifying pipe communicated with the humidifying cavity is fixedly connected to the outer end of the humidifying growth inner shell, and the inner end of the algae growth pipe extends into the humidifying cavity and is matched with the humidifying pipe. The humidifying pipe leads water into the humidifying cavity of the humidifying inner shell, so that the humidifying cavity has humidity, algae in the algae growth pipe can effectively survive, the service life of the algae fixer is prolonged, the algae elongation is promoted, and carbon dioxide is effectively and continuously treated.
Further, algae fixed shell outer end fixedly connected with installation cover, both ends all seted up with installation cover assorted mounting hole about the equipment organism, installation cover outer end fixedly connected with mounting panel, the mounting panel passes through bolted connection with the equipment organism. Through the mutual cooperation of installation cover and mounting panel, the alga fixer that makes can carry out the dismouting fast in the equipment organism, is convenient for change and maintain the alga fixer, shortens the time of maintenance and change, effectively guarantees the continuation of hydrogen manufacturing process.
Furthermore, the left end of the equipment body is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe communicated with the equipment body, the right end of the equipment body is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe communicated with the equipment body, and the air inlet pipe and the air outlet pipe are respectively matched with the rectangular circuit of the equipment body.
Furthermore, the organic garbage pretreatment unit comprises a liquid garbage treatment module and a solid garbage treatment module, wherein the input ends of the liquid garbage treatment module and the solid garbage treatment module are connected with an alkali liquor treatment module and an enzyme catalysis treatment module, and the input end of the solid garbage treatment module is connected with a lignin removal control module. The solid part and the liquid part of the organic garbage are subjected to classification pretreatment, so that the treatment efficiency is effectively improved, the cost input is reduced, and the output of the hydrogen production in the later stage is improved.
Furthermore, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit comprises a dark reactor control module, the input end of the dark reaction control module is respectively connected with a dark reaction PH control module and a dark reaction concentration control module, the dark reaction control module is connected with a dark reaction process monitoring module, and the output end of the dark reaction process monitoring module is respectively connected with the catalytic bacteria culture unit and the big data control platform. Organic garbage is catalyzed and decomposed by the fungus clusters in the hydrogen production unit through dark reaction, and mixed gas of carbon dioxide and hydrogen is effectively generated, so that the organic garbage is converted, the garbage treatment pressure is reduced, waste is effectively changed into valuable, the existing resources are reasonably utilized, and the hydrogen production cost is reduced.
Furthermore, the reaction liquid treatment unit comprises a dark reaction liquid pretreatment module, the input end of the dark reaction liquid pretreatment module is connected with the dark reaction hydrogen production unit, the output end of the dark reaction liquid pretreatment module is connected with a post-treatment module, and the output end of the post-treatment module is connected with the light reaction hydrogen production unit. The reaction liquid discharged from the dark reaction hydrogen production unit is diluted, ammonia nitrogen is removed, centrifugation, sterilization, pH value adjustment and other treatment are carried out through the reaction liquid treatment unit, so that the reaction liquid can be effectively in the environment of light reaction, can be converted by the light reaction hydrogen production unit, is further catalyzed, the hydrogen production output is improved, and the hydrogen production efficiency is improved.
Further, the photoreaction hydrogen production unit comprises a photoreactor control module, the input end of the photoreactor control module is respectively connected with a photoreaction PH control module and a photoreaction concentration control module, the photoreactor control module is connected with a photoreaction process monitoring module, the output end of the photoreactor process monitoring module is respectively connected with the catalytic bacteria culture unit and the big data control platform, and the photoreactor control module is connected with an illumination control module. The dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are divided into independent reactors to carry out reaction hydrogen production, so that dark fermentation and light fermentation can be generated under different conditions, the reactors of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are conveniently and independently controlled, the control steps are simplified, the control precision is improved, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit can promote the light reaction hydrogen production unit to produce hydrogen, and the hydrogen production output and the hydrogen production efficiency are improved.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) according to the scheme, a catalytic system of light fermentation and dark fermentation coupled hydrogen production is formed by the organic waste classification unit, the organic waste pretreatment unit, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit, the reaction liquid treatment unit, the light reaction hydrogen production unit, the gas separation unit and the catalytic bacteria culture unit, the fluorescent marking module and the bacteria cluster growth analysis module in the catalytic bacteria culture unit can effectively acquire the growth, distribution and reaction conditions of catalytic bacteria in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit, the hydrogen production processes of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit can be effectively controlled and analyzed, the hydrogen production efficiency is effectively improved, the control precision of the hydrogen production process is improved, the continuous improvement of the subsequent hydrogen production technology is effectively improved, and the economic benefit and the research and development value of the waste hydrogen production are improved.
(2) The fluorescence labeling module is used for labeling different fluorescence colors of the bacterial clusters used for dark reaction and light reaction respectively, so that the bacterial clusters in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit can be observed and analyzed conveniently, the conditions of the bacterial clusters are analyzed through the bacterial cluster growth analysis module, the types and the contents of the bacterial clusters in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are effectively adjusted, the quantity of hydrogen production by coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation is promoted, the interaction of coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation is improved, and the light fermentation and the dark fermentation are improved in an auxiliary manner.
(3) Through the alga growth tube in the alga fixer, the alga growth tube produces photosynthesis and absorbs carbon dioxide fixedly, makes hydrogen and carbon dioxide carry out effective separation to increase the area of contact of mist and alga growth tube through the way of returning the shape, improve the efficiency of fixed carbon dioxide, improve the purity of separating out hydrogen.
(4) The humidifying pipe leads water into the humidifying cavity of the humidifying inner shell, so that the humidifying cavity has humidity, algae in the algae growth pipe can effectively survive, the service life of the algae fixer is prolonged, the algae elongation is promoted, and carbon dioxide is effectively and continuously treated.
(5) Through the mutual cooperation of installation cover and mounting panel, the alga fixer that makes can carry out the dismouting fast in the equipment organism, is convenient for change and maintain the alga fixer, shortens the time of maintenance and change, effectively guarantees the continuation of hydrogen manufacturing process.
(6) The solid part and the liquid part of the organic garbage are subjected to classification pretreatment, so that the treatment efficiency is effectively improved, the cost input is reduced, and the output of the hydrogen production in the later stage is improved.
(7) Organic garbage is catalyzed and decomposed by the fungus clusters in the hydrogen production unit through dark reaction, and mixed gas of carbon dioxide and hydrogen is effectively generated, so that the organic garbage is converted, the garbage treatment pressure is reduced, waste is effectively changed into valuable, the existing resources are reasonably utilized, and the hydrogen production cost is reduced.
(8) The reaction liquid discharged from the dark reaction hydrogen production unit is diluted, ammonia nitrogen is removed, centrifugation, sterilization, pH value adjustment and other treatment are carried out through the reaction liquid treatment unit, so that the reaction liquid can be effectively in the environment of light reaction, can be converted by the light reaction hydrogen production unit, is further catalyzed, the hydrogen production output is improved, and the hydrogen production efficiency is improved.
(9) The dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are divided into independent reactors to carry out reaction hydrogen production, so that dark fermentation and light fermentation can be generated under different conditions, the reactors of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit and the light reaction hydrogen production unit are conveniently and independently controlled, the control steps are simplified, the control precision is improved, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit can promote the light reaction hydrogen production unit to produce hydrogen, and the hydrogen production output and the hydrogen production efficiency are improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the system of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic sectional front view of the apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional axial view of the algae fixer of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a hydrogen production process according to the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic diagram of a system control structure according to the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1 organic waste classification unit, 2 organic waste pretreatment unit, 3 dark reaction hydrogen production unit, 4 reaction liquid treatment unit, 5 light reaction hydrogen production unit, 6 gas separation unit, 7 catalytic bacteria culture unit, 8 equipment body, 9 algae fixer, 901 algae fixing outer shell, 902 humidifying increasing inner shell, 903 algae growth tube, 10 illumination lamp tube, 11 humidifying tube, 12 air inlet tube and 13 air outlet tube.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention; it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive work are within the scope of the present invention.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "upper", "lower", "inner", "outer", "top/bottom", and the like indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplification of description, but do not indicate or imply that the referred device or element must have a specific orientation, be constructed in a specific orientation, and be operated, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "disposed," "sleeved/connected," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly, e.g., "connected," which may be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-6, a garbage hydrogen production-based efficient catalytic system comprises a big data control platform, wherein the big data control platform is connected with an organic garbage classification unit 1, the output end of the organic garbage classification unit 1 is connected with an organic garbage pretreatment unit 2, the output end of the organic garbage pretreatment unit 2 is connected with a dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3, the output end of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 is respectively connected with a reaction liquid treatment unit 4 and a gas separation unit 6, the output end of the reaction liquid treatment unit 4 is connected with a light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, the output end of the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5 is connected with the gas separation unit 6, and the input ends of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5 are also connected with a catalytic bacteria culture unit 7; referring to fig. 6, the catalytic bacteria culturing unit 7 includes a dark reaction cluster culturing module, a photoreaction cluster culturing module, a fluorescence labeling module, and a cluster growth analyzing module, an output end of the dark reaction cluster culturing module is connected to the dark reaction hydrogen producing unit 3, an output end of the photoreaction cluster culturing module is connected to the photoreaction hydrogen producing unit 5, and an input end of the cluster growth analyzing module is respectively connected to the dark reaction hydrogen producing unit 3 and the photoreaction hydrogen producing unit 5. A catalytic system for coupling light fermentation and dark fermentation to produce hydrogen is formed by the organic waste classification unit 1, the organic waste pretreatment unit 2, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3, the reaction liquid treatment unit 4, the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, the gas separation unit 6 and the catalytic bacteria culture unit 7, and a fluorescence labeling module and a bacteria cluster growth analysis module in the catalytic bacteria culture unit 7 can effectively acquire the growth, distribution and reaction conditions of catalytic bacteria in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, can effectively control and analyze the hydrogen production process of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, effectively improve the hydrogen production efficiency, improve the control precision of the hydrogen production process, effectively improve the continuous improvement of subsequent hydrogen production technology, and improve the economic benefit and research and development value of waste hydrogen production.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the fluorescence labeling module acts on the dark reaction cluster culture module and the photoreactive cluster culture module respectively, the output end of the fluorescence labeling module is connected with the cluster growth analysis module, and the output end of the cluster growth analysis module is connected with the big data control platform. The fluorescence labeling module respectively labels different fluorescence colors of the bacterial clusters used for dark reaction and light reaction, so that the bacterial clusters in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5 can be observed and analyzed conveniently, the conditions of the bacterial clusters are analyzed through the bacterial cluster growth analysis module, the types and the contents of the bacterial clusters in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5 are effectively adjusted, the hydrogen production quantity of light fermentation and dark fermentation coupling is promoted, the interaction of light fermentation and dark fermentation coupling is improved, and light fermentation and dark fermentation are improved in an auxiliary manner.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the organic waste pretreatment unit 2 includes a liquid waste treatment module and a solid waste treatment module, wherein the input ends of the liquid waste treatment module and the solid waste treatment module are connected with an alkali liquor treatment module and an enzyme catalysis treatment module, and the input end of the solid waste treatment module is connected with a delignification control module. The solid part and the liquid part of the organic garbage are subjected to classification pretreatment, so that the treatment efficiency is effectively improved, the cost input is reduced, and the output of the hydrogen production in the later stage is improved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 includes a dark reactor control module, an input end of the dark reaction control module is connected to a dark reaction PH control module and a dark reaction concentration control module, respectively, the dark reaction control module is connected to a dark reaction process monitoring module, and an output end of the dark reaction process monitoring module is connected to the catalytic bacteria culture unit 7 and the big data control platform, respectively. Organic garbage is catalyzed and decomposed by the fungus clusters in the hydrogen production unit 3 through dark reaction, and mixed gas of carbon dioxide and hydrogen is effectively generated, so that the organic garbage is converted, the garbage treatment pressure is reduced, waste is effectively changed into valuable, the existing resources are reasonably utilized, and the hydrogen production cost is reduced.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the reaction solution treatment unit 4 includes a dark reaction solution pretreatment module, an input end of the dark reaction solution pretreatment module is connected to the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3, an output end of the dark reaction solution pretreatment module is connected to a post-treatment module, and an output end of the post-treatment module is connected to the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5. The reaction liquid discharged from the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 is diluted, ammonia nitrogen is removed, centrifugation, sterilization, pH value adjustment and other treatment are carried out through the reaction liquid treatment unit 4, so that the reaction liquid can be effectively in the environment of light reaction and can be converted by the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, further catalysis is carried out on the reaction liquid, the hydrogen production output is improved, and the hydrogen production efficiency is improved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 6, the photoreaction hydrogen production unit 5 includes a photoreactor control module, an input end of the photoreactor control module is connected to the photoreaction PH control module and the photoreaction concentration control module, respectively, the photoreactor control module is connected to a photoreaction process monitoring module, an output end of the photoreaction process monitoring module is connected to the catalytic bacteria culture unit 7 and the big data control platform, respectively, and the photoreactor control module is connected to a light control module. The dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5 are divided into independent reactors to carry out reaction hydrogen production, so that dark fermentation and light fermentation can be generated under different conditions, the reactors of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5 are conveniently and independently controlled, the control steps are simplified, the control precision is improved, the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 can promote hydrogen production of the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, and the hydrogen production output and the hydrogen production efficiency are improved.
Referring to fig. 1-6, the control method: the organic garbage classification unit 1 is used for carrying out solid-liquid separation on organic garbage; the liquid garbage treatment module in the organic garbage pretreatment unit 2 treats the separated liquid organic garbage: treating the liquid organic garbage by an alkali liquor treatment module, and treating the liquid organic garbage by an enzyme catalysis treatment module to separate out organic substances; the solid garbage treatment module in the organic garbage pretreatment unit 2 treats the separated solid organic garbage: the lignin in the solid organic garbage is taken out in advance through the lignin removal control module, the corrosion resistance strength of the lignin is reduced, the solid organic garbage is treated through the alkali liquor treatment module, and then the solid organic garbage is treated through the enzyme catalysis treatment module to be hydrolyzed and saccharified. Organic garbage pretreated by the organic garbage pretreatment unit 2 is simultaneously added into the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3, the environment of the organic garbage in the control module of the dark reactor is adjusted by the dark reaction PH control module and the dark reaction concentration control module, the dark reaction bacteria cluster culture module adds a proper amount of dark reaction bacteria clusters into the dark reactor under the control of the dark reaction process monitoring module, so that the organic garbage is catalyzed to produce hydrogen, the produced mixed gas of hydrogen and carbon dioxide is introduced into the gas separation unit 6, and the dark reaction liquid after reaction in the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 is discharged into the reaction liquid treatment unit 4. The dark reaction liquid pretreatment module of the reaction liquid treatment unit 4 treats the reaction liquid discharged from the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3, dilutes the reaction liquid, takes out ammonia nitrogen elements and the PH value of a regulator in the reaction liquid, conveys the pretreated reaction liquid to the post-treatment module, separates and sterilizes the pretreated reaction liquid, and conveys the reaction liquid treated by the post-treatment module to the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5; the photoreactor control module in the photoreaction hydrogen production unit 5 receives reaction liquid, VFAs in the reaction liquid generate a promoting effect on the photoreactor control module, the photoreaction PH control module and the photoreaction concentration control module control the hydrogen production environment of the photoreactor control module, the photoreaction process monitoring module monitors and controls hydrogen production data, the illumination control module is controlled to periodically act on a photoreactor of the photoreactor control module, the photoreaction bacteria cluster culture module is controlled to add a proper amount of photoreaction bacteria clusters into the photoreactor, substances in the photoreactor are only catalytically decomposed to generate mixed gas of carbon dioxide and hydrogen, and the mixed gas is introduced into the gas separation unit 6 to be separated. The gas separation unit 6 separates the mixed gas introduced by the dark reaction hydrogen production unit 3 and the light reaction hydrogen production unit 5, so that the hydrogen is effectively separated and stored for later use. The catalytic bacteria culture unit 7 carries out color separation marking on the fungus clusters of the dark reaction and the fungus clusters of the light reaction through the fluorescence marking module respectively, the fungus cluster growth analysis module identifies and analyzes the fungus clusters in the hydrogen production unit 3 of the dark reaction and the hydrogen production unit 5 of the light reaction, analyzes the growth, the reaction and interaction data of the fungus clusters and transmits the data to the big data control platform, so that technicians can analyze the data, the hydrogen production process is improved, the fungus cluster growth analysis module transmits the analyzed data to the dark reaction process monitoring module and the light reaction process monitoring module respectively, the adding amount of the fungus clusters of the dark reaction and the light reaction is controlled by the fungus cluster growth analysis module, and the catalytic efficiency is further improved.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1 to 6, wherein the same or corresponding components as those in embodiment 1 are designated by the same reference numerals as those in embodiment 1, only the points different from embodiment 1 will be described below for the sake of convenience. This example 2 differs from example 1 in that: referring to fig. 2-4, the gas separation unit 6 is connected to a carbon dioxide fixing device through a wire, the carbon dioxide fixing device includes a device body 8, a pair of algae holders 9 is disposed in the device body 8, the two algae holders 9 divide the device body 8 into a zigzag line, the algae holders 9 include an algae fixing outer shell 901, a plurality of algae growth tubes 903 are fixedly connected to the outer end of the algae fixing outer shell 901, a humidifying inner shell 902 is fixedly connected to the inside of the algae fixing outer shell 901, and an illumination lamp tube 10 matched with the algae growth tubes 903 is fixedly mounted inside the humidifying inner shell 902. Through the algae growth tube 903 in the algae fixer 9, the algae growth tube 903 generates photosynthesis to absorb and fix carbon dioxide, so that hydrogen and carbon dioxide are effectively separated, the contact area between mixed gas and the algae growth tube 903 is increased through a clip line, the efficiency of fixing carbon dioxide is improved, and the purity of separating hydrogen is improved.
Referring to fig. 3, a humidifying chamber is formed on the inner wall of the humidifying inner casing 902, a humidifying pipe 11 communicated with the humidifying chamber is fixedly connected to the outer end of the humidifying inner casing 902, and the inner end of the algae growth pipe 903 extends into the humidifying chamber and is matched with the humidifying pipe 11. The humidifying pipe 11 introduces water into the humidifying cavity of the humidifying inner shell 902, so that humidity is provided in the humidifying cavity, algae in the algae growth pipe 903 can effectively survive, the service life of the algae fixer 9 is prolonged, the algae elongation is promoted, and carbon dioxide is effectively and continuously treated.
Referring to fig. 3, an outer end of the algae fixing housing 901 is fixedly connected with a mounting sleeve, mounting holes matched with the mounting sleeve are formed in the upper end and the lower end of the equipment body 8, an outer end of the mounting sleeve is fixedly connected with a mounting plate, and the mounting plate is connected with the equipment body 8 through bolts. Through the mutual cooperation of installation cover and mounting panel, the alga fixer 9 that makes can carry out the dismouting in equipment organism 8 fast, is convenient for change and maintain alga fixer 9, shortens the time of maintenance and change, effectively guarantees the continuation of hydrogen manufacturing process.
Referring to fig. 3, an air inlet pipe 12 connected to the left end of the equipment body 8 is fixedly connected to the left end of the equipment body 8, an air outlet pipe 13 connected to the right end of the equipment body 8 is fixedly connected to the right end of the equipment body 8, and the air inlet pipe 12 and the air outlet pipe 13 are respectively matched with the rectangular circuit of the equipment body 8.
Referring to fig. 1-6, the method of use: the mixed gas is introduced into the equipment body 8 through the gas inlet pipe 12, the illumination lamp tube 10 is opened to illuminate the algae in the algae growth pipe 903, so that the algae absorb carbon dioxide in the mixed gas to perform a photosynthetic reaction, and the mixed gas passes through a loop-shaped line formed by the algae fixer 9, so that the purity of hydrogen discharged from the gas outlet pipe 13 is effectively improved, water is periodically filled into a humidifying cavity of the humidifying growth inner shell 902 through the humidifying pipe 11, the algae in the algae growth pipe 903 can continuously grow, and the service life of the algae fixer 9 is prolonged. When the algae fixer 9 needs to be replaced and maintained, the bolts on the mounting plate are screwed off, the mounting sleeve is moved out of the mounting hole by moving the algae fixing shell 901, the algae fixer 9 is moved out of the equipment body 8, a new algae fixer 9 or the algae fixer 9 after maintenance is inserted into the mounting hole, the algae fixer 9 is fixed through the mounting sleeve and the mounting plate, and the bolts are locked, so that the replacement and maintenance of the algae fixer 9 are completed.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention; the scope of the invention is not limited thereto. Any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention by equivalent or modified solutions and modifications within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The efficient catalytic system based on the garbage hydrogen production comprises a big data control platform and is characterized in that: the large data control platform is connected with an organic garbage classification unit (1), the output end of the organic garbage classification unit (1) is connected with an organic garbage pretreatment unit (2), the output end of the organic garbage pretreatment unit (2) is connected with a dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3), the output end of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3) is respectively connected with a reaction liquid treatment unit (4) and a gas separation unit (6), the output end of the reaction liquid treatment unit (4) is connected with a light reaction hydrogen production unit (5), the output end of the light reaction hydrogen production unit (5) is connected with the gas separation unit (6), and the input ends of the dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3) and the light reaction hydrogen production unit (5) are also connected with a catalytic bacteria culture unit (7);
the catalysis fungus cultivates unit (7) including dark reaction fungus cluster cultivation module, photoreaction fungus cluster cultivation module, fluorescence mark module and fungus cluster growth analysis module, the output and the dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3) of dark reaction fungus cluster cultivation module are connected, the output and the photoreaction hydrogen production unit (5) of photoreaction fungus cluster cultivation module are connected, the input of fungus cluster growth analysis module is connected with dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3) and photoreaction hydrogen production unit (5) respectively.
2. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the fluorescence labeling module respectively acts on the dark reaction bacterial cluster culture module and the light reaction bacterial cluster culture module, the output end of the fluorescence labeling module is connected with the bacterial cluster growth analysis module, and the output end of the bacterial cluster growth analysis module is connected with the big data control platform.
3. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the gas separation unit (6) is connected with carbon dioxide fixing equipment through a lead, the carbon dioxide fixing equipment comprises an equipment body (8), a pair of algae fixators (9) is arranged in the equipment body (8), the two algae fixators (9) divide the equipment body (8) into a loop-shaped circuit, each algae fixator (9) comprises an algae fixing outer shell (901), the outer end of each algae fixing outer shell (901) is fixedly connected with a plurality of algae growth tubes (903), the inner portion of each algae fixing outer shell (901) is fixedly connected with a humidifying growth inner shell (902), and an illumination lamp tube (10) matched with the algae growth tubes (903) is fixedly installed inside each humidifying growth inner shell (902).
4. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 3, characterized in that: the inner wall of the humidifying and growing inner shell (902) is provided with a humidifying cavity, the outer end of the humidifying and growing inner shell (902) is fixedly connected with a humidifying pipe (11) communicated with the humidifying cavity, and the inner end of the algae growth pipe (903) extends into the humidifying cavity and is matched with the humidifying pipe (11).
5. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 3, characterized in that: the algae fixing device is characterized in that the outer end of the algae fixing shell (901) is fixedly connected with a mounting sleeve, mounting holes matched with the mounting sleeve are formed in the upper end and the lower end of the device body (8), a mounting plate is fixedly connected to the outer end of the mounting sleeve, and the mounting plate is connected with the device body (8) through bolts.
6. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 3, characterized in that: the left end of the equipment body (8) is fixedly connected with an air inlet pipe (12) communicated with the equipment body, the right end of the equipment body (8) is fixedly connected with an air outlet pipe (13) communicated with the equipment body, and the air inlet pipe (12) and the air outlet pipe (13) are respectively matched with a circuit of the equipment body (8).
7. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the organic garbage pretreatment unit (2) comprises a liquid garbage treatment module and a solid garbage treatment module, wherein the input ends of the liquid garbage treatment module and the solid garbage treatment module are connected with an alkali liquor treatment module and an enzyme catalysis treatment module, and the input end of the solid garbage treatment module is connected with a lignin removal control module.
8. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3) comprises a dark reactor control module, the input end of the dark reaction control module is respectively connected with a dark reaction PH control module and a dark reaction concentration control module, the dark reaction control module is connected with a dark reaction process monitoring module, and the output end of the dark reaction process monitoring module is respectively connected with a catalytic bacteria culture unit (7) and a big data control platform.
9. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the reaction liquid treatment unit (4) comprises a dark reaction liquid pretreatment module, the input end of the dark reaction liquid pretreatment module is connected with the dark reaction hydrogen production unit (3), the output end of the dark reaction liquid pretreatment module is connected with a post-treatment module, and the output end of the post-treatment module is connected with the light reaction hydrogen production unit (5).
10. The efficient catalytic system for hydrogen production from garbage according to claim 1, characterized in that: the photoreaction hydrogen production unit (5) comprises a photoreactor control module, the input end of the photoreactor control module is respectively connected with a photoreaction PH control module and a photoreaction concentration control module, the photoreactor control module is connected with a photoreaction process monitoring module, the output end of the photoreactor process monitoring module is respectively connected with a catalytic bacteria culture unit (7) and a big data control platform, and the photoreactor control module is connected with an illumination control module.
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