CN113134739A - Valve body feeding grabbing clamp, truss feeding device, feeding method and production equipment - Google Patents

Valve body feeding grabbing clamp, truss feeding device, feeding method and production equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113134739A
CN113134739A CN202110430421.8A CN202110430421A CN113134739A CN 113134739 A CN113134739 A CN 113134739A CN 202110430421 A CN202110430421 A CN 202110430421A CN 113134739 A CN113134739 A CN 113134739A
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China
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valve body
feeding
clamping
truss
clamp
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CN202110430421.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜洋
赵桂林
赵芳琳
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202110430421.8A priority Critical patent/CN113134739A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/06Metal-working plant comprising a number of associated machines or apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Feeding Of Workpieces (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of valve body machining, in particular to a valve body feeding grabbing clamp, a truss feeding device, a feeding method and milling, drilling and tapping production equipment. The manipulator comprises a driving assembly, a clamping gas claw and a clamping jig; the output end of the driving assembly is connected with the clamping air claw, and the output end of the clamping air claw is respectively connected with two clamping jigs which are distributed oppositely; the clamping jig comprises a fixing groove, a clamping binding surface, a clamping groove and an upper positioning surface; the fixed groove is a vertical groove and is matched and connected with the output end of the clamping air claw; the clamping binding surfaces are positioned at the upper parts of the inner sides of the clamping jigs, and the clamping binding surfaces of the two clamping jigs are bound when the valve body is clamped; the upper positioning surface is positioned above the clamping groove, the clamping groove is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body when the valve body is clamped, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface. This manipulator is through setting up the tight tool of clamp to valve body horizontal direction and vertical orientation location, rocks from top to bottom when reducing the valve body material loading.

Description

Valve body feeding grabbing clamp, truss feeding device, feeding method and production equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of valve body machining, in particular to a valve body feeding grabbing clamp, a truss feeding device, a feeding method and milling, drilling and tapping production equipment.
Background
Valves, also known as valves or flaps, are devices in machines that regulate the flow, pressure and direction of fluid, such as shut-off valves, check valves, pressure relief valves, safety valves, etc. The valve comprises an actuating mechanism, a valve core, a valve body and the like; the valve body is a detachable surface component in the valve, is used for supporting the valve core at the fully closed position and forms a sealing pair. When the valve body is produced, the valve body needs to be loaded and an inner hole of the valve body needs to be processed, so that the valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment also has a very important position.
The Chinese patent application (publication No. CN112475813A, published: 20210312) discloses a valve body processing technology and processing equipment thereof, which comprises a first frame, a second frame arranged outside the first frame and a valve body clamp horizontally arranged on the first frame in a sliding manner, wherein a grinding mechanism, a valve body periphery cleaning mechanism, a drying mechanism and a valve body inner wall cleaning mechanism are sequentially arranged in the second frame along the moving direction of the valve body clamp. Valve body anchor clamps in this application can slide on first frame, can remove to grinding machanism in proper order at valve body anchor clamps, valve body periphery wiper mechanism, stoving mechanism and valve body inner wall wiper mechanism department, can polish and wash the valve body periphery, valve body inner wall wiper mechanism can wash the valve body inner wall, after finishing washing the valve body, stoving mechanism can carry out whole stoving to the valve body to can improve valve body through automatic setting and polish and abluent efficiency.
The prior art has the following defects: 1. the clamping gas claw directly drives the clamping jig to clamp and feed the valve body from the outer surface of the cylinder of the valve body, only positions the valve body in the horizontal direction and not positions the valve body in the vertical direction; when the valve body feeding is shaken greatly, the valve body can slide along the up-down direction, and the valve body feeding is not facilitated. 2. The valve body is manually turned to the horizontal state from the vertical state in an oriented mode, the labor intensity of workers is increased, and the turning efficiency of the valve body is reduced. 3. The clamp fixing disc firstly adopts a positioning clamp to position the valve body and then uses a clamping device to clamp the positioned valve body, so that the positioning and the clamping of the valve body are respectively completed by two devices; the number of equipment devices is increased, which is not beneficial to reducing the equipment cost.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above problems, an object of the present invention is to: the valve body feeding grabbing clamp is provided for positioning the valve body in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction through the clamping jig, and the valve body feeding grabbing clamp is capable of shaking up and down when the valve body feeding is reduced. Another object of the invention is: the feeding grabbing fixture is arranged to position the valve body in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction, so that the vertical shaking of the valve body during feeding is reduced; the valve body overturning mechanism is arranged to overturn the valve body from a vertical state to a horizontal state in an oriented manner, so that the labor intensity of workers is reduced, and the overturning efficiency of the valve body is improved; the number of equipment devices is reduced by arranging the positioning clamp, and equipment cost is reduced.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a valve body feeding and grabbing clamp comprises a driving assembly, a clamping gas claw and a clamping jig; the output end of the driving assembly is connected with the clamping air claw, and the output end of the clamping air claw is respectively connected with two clamping jigs which are distributed oppositely; the clamping jig comprises a fixing groove, a clamping binding surface, a clamping groove and an upper positioning surface; the fixed groove is a vertical groove and is matched and connected with the output end of the clamping air claw; the clamping binding surfaces are positioned at the upper parts of the inner sides of the clamping jigs, and the clamping binding surfaces of the two clamping jigs are bound when the valve body is clamped; the upper positioning surface is positioned above the clamping groove, the clamping groove is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body when the valve body is clamped, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface.
Preferably, the driving assembly is driven by a cylinder along the up-down direction.
In addition, the invention also discloses a valve body truss feeding device which comprises a feeding turntable, a feeding driving mechanism and a feeding grabbing clamp; the feeding turntable and the feeding driving mechanism are fixed on the workbench; the valve bodies are distributed on the feeding turntable in a concentric circle shape, and the valve body bosses of the valve bodies face the rotation center of the feeding turntable; the output end of the feeding driving mechanism is connected with a feeding grabbing clamp, and the output end of the feeding grabbing clamp is contacted with the outer side cylindrical surface of the valve body; the feeding turntable is used for driving the valve body to move; the feeding driving mechanism is used for driving the feeding grabbing fixture to different stations; the material loading grabbing clamp is used for grabbing the valve body.
Preferably, the feeding turntable comprises a turntable motor, a speed reducer and a rotating disk; the output end of the turntable motor is connected with the input end of the speed reducer, and the output end of the speed reducer is connected with the rotating disc.
Preferably, the feeding driving mechanism comprises a feeding truss, a feeding motor assembly and a feeding bottom plate; the feeding motor assembly is fixed on the feeding truss, the output end of the feeding motor assembly is connected with the feeding bottom plate, and the feeding bottom plate is connected with the feeding grabbing clamp.
In addition, the invention also discloses a valve body feeding method, which adopts a valve body truss feeding device and comprises the following steps:
1) feeding a plurality of valve bodies to a feeding turntable according to a concentric circle shape, wherein a valve body boss of each valve body faces to the rotation center of the feeding turntable;
2) the feeding turntable drives the valve body to rotate to a conveying station, and the feeding driving mechanism drives the feeding grabbing clamp to move to the position above the conveying station;
3) the driving assembly drives the clamping jigs to move downwards to a position connected with the valve body, and the clamping air claw drives the two clamping jigs to move relatively; the clamping binding surfaces of the two clamping jigs are jointed, the clamping groove is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body, and the upper end surface of the valve body is jointed with the upper positioning surface;
4) the feeding driving mechanism drives the feeding grabbing clamp to move to the feeding end of the feeding device to loosen and discharge the valve body, and the feeding process of the valve body is completed.
In addition, the invention also discloses valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment, which comprises a workbench, a truss feeding device, a feeding device and a milling, drilling and tapping device, wherein the truss feeding device and the feeding device are fixed on the workbench; the truss feeding device adopts a valve truss feeding device.
Preferably, the feeding device comprises a valve body turnover mechanism and a valve body moving mechanism; the feeding end and the discharging end of the valve body turnover mechanism are respectively connected with the discharging end of the truss feeding device and the feeding end of the valve body moving mechanism, and the discharging end of the valve body moving mechanism is connected with the feeding end of the milling, drilling and tapping device; the valve body turnover mechanism is used for turning over the valve body; the valve body moving mechanism is used for moving the turned valve body to a milling, drilling and tapping device.
Preferably, the valve body turnover mechanism comprises a vibration feeder, a horizontal slideway and a turnover slideway; the horizontal slideway is horizontally fixed above the vibrating feeder; the horizontal slideway comprises a first barrier strip, a second barrier strip and a third barrier strip; the first blocking strip and the third blocking strip are respectively distributed opposite to two side faces of the second blocking strip and respectively form a first sliding groove and a second sliding groove, the first sliding groove is in sliding fit with the outer surface of the cylinder at the lower part of the valve body, the boss protrusion of the valve body is positioned in the second sliding groove, and the inner side face of the third blocking strip is in contact with the outer side face of the boss of the valve body; the turnover slideway is provided with an inclined part and a horizontal part, wherein the inclined part and the horizontal part are distributed in an inclined way; the middle parts of the inclined part and the horizontal part are provided with blanking chutes in sliding fit with the outer surface of the cylinder at the lower part of the valve body; one side of rake and horizontal part all is provided with spacing face and side spacing face on, and the spacing face contacts with valve body boss cylinder surface on last, and the side spacing face is located the inboard of the protruding medial surface of boss of valve body.
Preferably, the valve body moving mechanism comprises a moving driving assembly and a moving clamping assembly; the output end of the moving driving assembly is connected with the moving clamping assembly, and the output end of the moving clamping assembly is contacted with the front end surface and the rear end surface of the turned valve body; the moving driving assembly is used for driving the moving clamping assembly to move to different stations; the moving clamping assembly is used for clamping the valve body.
The valve body feeding grabbing clamp adopting the technical scheme has the advantages that:
a feeding grabbing clamp is arranged; when the valve body is clamped and positioned by the clamping jig, the clamping groove is matched with the cylindrical surface on the outer side of the valve body to position the valve body in the horizontal direction, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface to position the valve body in the vertical direction; the clamping jig is used for positioning the valve body in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction, so that the situation that the valve body slides along the vertical direction when the valve body is greatly shaken in the feeding process is avoided, and the valve body is guaranteed to be accurately fed.
The valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment disclosed by the invention has the advantages that:
1. a feeding grabbing clamp is arranged; when the valve body is clamped and positioned by the clamping jig, the clamping groove is matched with the cylindrical surface on the outer side of the valve body to position the valve body in the horizontal direction, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface to position the valve body in the vertical direction; the clamping jig is used for positioning the valve body in the horizontal direction and the vertical direction, so that the situation that the valve body slides along the vertical direction when the valve body is greatly shaken in the feeding process is avoided, and the valve body is guaranteed to be accurately fed.
2. The valve body turnover mechanism is arranged; the valve body in a vertical state is conveyed forwards through the horizontal slide way, and then the inclined part and the horizontal part of the turnover slide way automatically turn over the valve body to a horizontal state, namely the valve body is turned over from the vertical state to the horizontal state in a directional mode to automatically finish the process of equipment; thereby reducing the labor intensity of workers and improving the turnover efficiency of the valve body.
3. Through setting up the positioning fixture; the inner surface of the lower clamp groove is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body to limit the valve body in the vertical direction and the left-right direction, the inner surface of the side clamp groove which is vertically distributed with the lower clamp groove is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the boss of the valve body to limit the valve body in the front-back direction and rotation, and the clamp driving assembly drives the upper clamp and the lower clamp to move relatively to position the valve body and clamp the valve body; therefore, the positioning and clamping of the valve body are completed in one device of the positioning clamp, the number of equipment devices is reduced, and the cost of the equipment is reduced.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment.
Fig. 2 is a schematic product structure diagram of the valve body.
Fig. 3 and 4 are schematic structural diagrams of the truss feeding device.
Fig. 5 and 6 are schematic structural diagrams of the valve body turnover mechanism.
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the moving driving assembly.
Fig. 8 and 9 are schematic structural views of the milling, drilling and tapping device.
Detailed Description
The following describes in detail embodiments of the present invention with reference to the drawings.
Example 1
The valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment shown in figure 1 comprises a workbench, a truss feeding device 1, a feeding device 2 and a milling, drilling and tapping device 3, wherein the truss feeding device 1 and the feeding device 2 are fixed on the workbench; the feed end and the discharge end of the truss feeding device 1 are respectively connected with the valve body feeding station and the feed end of the feeding device 2; the feeding end and the discharging end of the milling, drilling and tapping device 3 are respectively connected with the discharging end and the blanking station of the feeding device 2; the truss feeding device 1 is used for moving the valve body to the feeding device 2; the feeding device 2 is used for conveying the valve body to the feeding end of the milling, drilling and tapping device 3; and the milling, drilling and tapping device 3 is used for positioning and processing the valve body.
The product flow direction of the valve body is as follows: the truss feeding device 1, the feeding device 2 and the milling, drilling and tapping device 3.
Fig. 2 shows a schematic product structure of the valve body. The valve body comprises a valve body a, a valve body boss b and a boss protrusion c; the boss b of the valve body vertically protrudes out of the outer surface of the cylinder of the valve body a, and the boss protrusion c vertically protrudes out of the outer surface of the cylinder of the boss b of the valve body; the inside valve body hole d that is provided with of valve body a, valve body hole d and valve body boss b hole are linked together and valve body hole d all is provided with the screw thread with inside the valve body boss b hole.
As shown in fig. 3, the truss feeding device 1 comprises a feeding turntable 11, a feeding driving mechanism 12 and a feeding grabbing clamp 13; the feeding turntable 11 and the feeding driving mechanism 12 are both fixed on the workbench; the valve bodies are distributed on the feeding turntable 11 in a concentric circle shape, and the valve body bosses of the valve bodies face the rotating center of the feeding turntable 11; the output end of the feeding driving mechanism 12 is connected with a feeding grabbing clamp 13, and the output end of the feeding grabbing clamp 13 is in contact with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body; the feeding turntable 11 is used for driving the valve body to move; the feeding driving mechanism 12 is used for driving the feeding grabbing fixture 13 to different stations; the feeding grabbing clamp 13 is used for grabbing the valve body; the feeding turntable 11 comprises a turntable motor, a speed reducer and a rotating disk; the output end of the turntable motor is connected with the input end of a speed reducer, and the output end of the speed reducer is connected with the rotating disc; the feeding driving mechanism 12 comprises a feeding truss 121, a feeding motor assembly and a feeding bottom plate 122; the feeding motor assembly is fixed on the feeding truss 121, the output end of the feeding motor assembly is connected with the feeding bottom plate 122, and the feeding bottom plate 122 is connected with the feeding grabbing clamp 13.
As shown in fig. 3 and 4, the feeding grabbing fixture 13 includes a driving assembly 131, a clamping air claw 132 and a clamping fixture 133; the output end of the driving component 131 is connected with the clamping air claw 132, and the output end of the clamping air claw 132 is respectively connected with two clamping jigs 133 which are distributed oppositely; the clamping fixture 133 comprises a fixing groove 134, a clamping attachment surface 135, a clamping groove 136 and an upper positioning surface 137; the fixing groove 134 is a vertical groove and is matched and connected with the output end of the clamping air claw 132; the clamping attaching surfaces 135 are positioned at the upper part of the inner side of the clamping jig 133, and the clamping attaching surfaces 135 of the two clamping jigs 133 are attached when the valve body is clamped; the upper positioning surface 137 is positioned above the clamping groove 136, the clamping groove 136 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body when the valve body is clamped, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface 137; the driving assembly 131 is driven in the up-down direction by a cylinder.
Truss loading attachment 1 is in the course of the work: 1) feeding a plurality of valve bodies to a feeding turntable 11 according to a concentric circle shape, wherein a valve body boss of each valve body faces to the rotation center of the feeding turntable 11; 2) the feeding turntable 11 drives the valve body to rotate to a conveying station, and the feeding driving mechanism 12 drives the feeding grabbing clamp 13 to move to the position above the conveying station; 3) the driving component 131 drives the clamping jigs 133 to move downwards to a position where the clamping jigs are connected with the valve body, and the clamping air claw 132 drives the two clamping jigs 133 to move relatively; the clamping binding surfaces 135 of the two clamping jigs 133 are bound, the clamping groove 136 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body, and the upper end surface of the valve body is bound with the upper positioning surface 137; 4) the feeding driving mechanism 12 drives the feeding grabbing clamp 13 to move to the feeding end of the feeding device 2, so that the valve body is loosened and discharged, and the valve body feeding process is completed.
The truss feeding device 1 solves the problems that a clamping gas claw directly drives a clamping jig to clamp and feed a valve body from the outer surface of a cylinder of the valve body, only positions the valve body in the horizontal direction and does not position the valve body in the vertical direction; can slide along upper and lower direction when the valve body material loading rocks great, be unfavorable for the problem of the accurate material loading of valve body. By arranging a feeding grabbing clamp 13; when the clamping jig 133 clamps and positions the valve body, the clamping groove 136 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body to position the valve body in the horizontal direction, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface 137 to position the valve body in the vertical direction; clamping jig 133 is fixed a position valve body horizontal direction and vertical direction simultaneously promptly, has avoided the valve body material loading to rock the condition that slides along upper and lower direction when great, guarantees the accurate material loading of valve body.
As shown in fig. 5, the feeding device 2 includes a valve body turnover mechanism 21 and a valve body transfer mechanism 22; the feeding end and the discharging end of the valve body turnover mechanism 21 are respectively connected with the discharging end of the truss feeding device 1 and the feeding end of the valve body moving mechanism 22, and the discharging end of the valve body moving mechanism 22 is connected with the feeding end of the milling, drilling and tapping device 3; the valve body overturning mechanism 21 is used for overturning the valve body; the valve body moving mechanism 22 is used for moving the inverted valve body to the milling, drilling, and tapping device 3.
As shown in fig. 5 and 6, the valve body turnover mechanism 21 comprises a vibrating feeder 23, a horizontal slideway 24 and a turnover slideway 25; the horizontal slideway 24 is horizontally fixed above the vibrating feeder 23; the horizontal slide 24 comprises a first bar 241, a second bar 242 and a third bar 243; the first barrier 241 and the third barrier 243 are respectively distributed opposite to two side surfaces of the second barrier 242 and respectively form a first sliding groove 244 and a second sliding groove 245, the first sliding groove 244 is in sliding fit with the outer surface of the lower cylinder of the valve body, the boss protrusion of the valve body is positioned in the second sliding groove 245, and the inner side surface of the third barrier 243 is in contact with the outer side surface of the boss of the valve body; the turnover slideway 25 is provided with an inclined part 251 distributed obliquely and a horizontal part 252 distributed horizontally, a discharge end below the inclined part 251 is communicated with the horizontal part 252, and a feed end above the inclined part 251 is connected with a discharge end of the horizontal slideway 24; the middle parts of the inclined part 251 and the horizontal part 252 are both provided with a blanking chute 253 which is in sliding fit with the outer surface of the lower cylinder of the valve body; one side of the inclined part 251 and the horizontal part 252 are provided with an upper limiting surface 254 and a side limiting surface 255, the upper limiting surface 254 is in contact with the outer surface of the boss cylinder of the valve body, and the side limiting surface 255 is positioned on the inner side of the inner side surface of the boss protrusion of the valve body. The valve body transfer mechanism 22 includes a transfer drive unit 221 and a transfer clamp unit 222; the output end of the moving driving component 221 is connected with the moving clamping component 222, and the output end of the moving clamping component 222 is contacted with the front end face and the rear end face of the valve body after being turned over; the moving driving assembly 221 is used for driving the moving clamping assembly 222 to move to different stations; the moving clamping assembly 222 is used to clamp the valve body.
As shown in fig. 7, the conveyance driving unit 221 includes a conveyance moving cylinder 223, a conveyance base plate 224, a conveyance rotating cylinder 225, and a rotating base plate 226; the output end of the moving cylinder 223 is connected with the moving bottom plate 224, and the tail end of the moving rotary cylinder 225 is hinged on the moving bottom plate 224; the output end of the moving rotary cylinder 225 is hinged with one end of the rotary bottom plate 226, the other end of the rotary bottom plate 226 is hinged with the moving bottom plate 224, and the rotary bottom plate 226 is connected with the moving clamping component 222; transfer clamp assembly 222 includes a clamp gas claw 227 and a clamp head 228; the output end of the clamping gas claw 227 is respectively connected with two clamping heads 228, and the inner side surfaces of the two clamping heads 228 are respectively contacted with the front end surface and the rear end surface of the overturned valve body.
The feeding device 2 is characterized in that: 1) the truss feeding device 1 moves the valve body to the horizontal slideway 24, the first chute 244 is in sliding fit with the outer surface of the lower cylinder of the valve body, the boss protrusion of the valve body is positioned in the second chute 245, and the inner side surface of the third barrier 243 is in contact with the outer side surface of the boss of the valve body to position the valve body; 2) the vibrating feeder 23 drives the valve body in the horizontal slideway 24 to move forwards to the feeding end of the turnover slideway 25; 3) the valve body falls into the blanking chute 253 along the feeding end above the inclined part 251 in an inclined manner, the upper limiting surface 254 is in contact with the outer surface of a boss cylinder of the valve body, and a boss protrusion of the valve body is positioned outside the side limiting surface 255; 4) the valve body slides down along the inclined portion 251 to the horizontal portion 252, and rotates to be horizontal, the moving driving assembly 221 drives the moving clamping assembly 222 to move to the horizontal portion 252 to clamp the valve body, and then the valve body is conveyed to the feeding end of the milling, drilling and tapping device 3 to complete the valve body conveying process.
The feeding device 2 solves the problems that the valve body is manually turned to the horizontal state from the vertical state in an oriented mode, the labor intensity of workers is increased, and the turning efficiency of the valve body is reduced. By arranging the valve body turnover mechanism 21; the valve body in the vertical state is conveyed forwards through the horizontal slideway 24, and then the inclined part 251 and the horizontal part 252 of the turnover slideway 25 automatically turn over the valve body to the horizontal state, namely the valve body is directionally turned over from the vertical state to the horizontal state to automatically finish the equipment; thereby reducing the labor intensity of workers and improving the turnover efficiency of the valve body.
As shown in fig. 8, the milling, drilling and tapping device 3 includes a clamp fixing plate 31, a positioning clamp 32 and a cutter mechanism 33; the clamp driving assembly in the clamp fixing disc 31 is connected with the positioning clamp 32, and the clamping end of the positioning clamp 32 is in contact with the valve body; the cutting ends of the cutter mechanism 33 respectively correspond to the processing stations where the corresponding positioning clamps 32 are located, and the cutting ends of the cutter mechanism 33 respectively contact with the inner hole of the valve body and the end face of the valve body; the fixture fixing disc 31 is used for driving the valve body to move to different stations; the positioning clamp 32 is used for clamping and positioning the valve body; the cutter mechanism 33 is used for machining the inner hole of the valve body. The cutter mechanism 33 includes a milling cutter assembly 331, a drilling assembly 332, and a tapping assembly 333.
As shown in fig. 9, the positioning jig 32 includes an upper jig 34 and a lower jig 35; the upper clamp 34 and the lower clamp 35 are distributed oppositely and are connected with the clamp driving assembly in the clamp fixing disc 31; the upper clamp 34 includes a clamp body 341, a clamp lower groove 342, and a clamp side groove 343; the clamp lower groove 342 and the clamp side groove 343 are vertically arranged, the inner surface of the clamp lower groove 342 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body, and the inner surface of the clamp side groove 343 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the boss of the valve body.
As shown in fig. 8, the jig fixing disk 31 includes a turntable rotating shaft 311 and a processing rotating disk 312; the turntable rotating shaft 311 is rotatably connected with the workbench, and the turntable rotating shaft 311 is connected with the processing rotating disc 312; the plurality of positioning jigs 32, the plurality of drilling assemblies 332, and the plurality of tapping assemblies 333 are all distributed along the circumferential direction, and the positions of the drilling assemblies 332 and the tapping assemblies 333 correspond to the positioning jigs 32 of the respective stations.
Milling, drilling and tapping device 3 is in the working process: 1) the feeding device 2 conveys the valve body to the feeding end of the milling, drilling and tapping device 3; 2) the clamp driving assembly in the clamp fixing disc 31 drives the positioning clamp 32 to receive the valve body, the inner surface of the clamp lower groove 342 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body, and the inner surface of the clamp side groove 343 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the boss of the valve body; 3) the milling cutter assembly 331 mills the end face of the valve body, the drilling assembly 332 vertically processes a valve body inner hole along the milled end face, and the tapping assembly 333 taps the inner surface of the valve body inner hole; 4) the rotating disc rotating shaft 311 drives the machining rotating disc 312 to rotate so as to drive the valve body in the positioning fixture 32 to rotate to the blanking station, and the machined valve body is blanked to complete the valve body machining process.
The milling, drilling and tapping device 3 solves the problems that a positioning fixture is adopted to position the valve body of the fixture fixing disc, and then the positioned valve body is clamped by a clamping device, so that the positioning and the clamping of the valve body are respectively completed by two devices; the number of equipment devices is increased, which is not beneficial to reducing the equipment cost. By providing a positioning fixture 32; the inner surface of the lower clamp groove 342 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body to limit the valve body in the up-down direction and the left-right direction, the inner surface of the side clamp groove 343 which is vertically distributed with the lower clamp groove 342 is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the boss of the valve body to limit the valve body in the front-back direction and rotation, and the clamp driving assembly drives the upper clamp 34 and the lower clamp 35 to move relatively to position the valve body and clamp the valve body; therefore, the positioning and clamping of the valve body are completed in one device of the positioning clamp 32, the number of equipment devices is reduced, and the cost of the equipment is reduced.

Claims (10)

1. The valve body feeding and grabbing clamp is characterized in that a manipulator comprises a driving assembly (131), a clamping air claw (132) and a clamping jig (133); the output end of the driving component (131) is connected with a clamping air claw (132), and the output end of the clamping air claw (132) is respectively connected with two clamping jigs (133) which are distributed oppositely; the clamping jig (133) comprises a fixing groove (134), a clamping binding surface (135), a clamping groove (136) and an upper positioning surface (137); the fixing groove (134) is a vertical groove and is matched and connected with the output end of the clamping air claw (132); the clamping binding surfaces (135) are positioned at the upper part of the inner side of the clamping jig (133), and the clamping binding surfaces (135) of the two clamping jigs (133) are bound together when the valve body is clamped; the upper positioning surface (137) is positioned above the clamping groove (136), the clamping groove (136) is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body when the valve body is clamped, and the upper end surface of the valve body is attached to the upper positioning surface (137).
2. The valve body feeding and grabbing clamp as claimed in claim 1, wherein the driving assembly (131) is a cylinder driven in an up-and-down direction.
3. The valve body truss feeding device is characterized by comprising a feeding rotary table (11), a feeding driving mechanism (12) and a feeding grabbing clamp (13); the feeding grabbing clamp (13) adopts the valve body feeding grabbing clamp in claim 1; the feeding turntable (11) and the feeding driving mechanism (12) are fixed on the workbench; the valve bodies are distributed on the feeding turntable (11) in a concentric circle shape, and the valve body bosses of the valve bodies face the rotating center of the feeding turntable (11); the output end of the feeding driving mechanism (12) is connected with a feeding grabbing clamp (13), and the output end of the feeding grabbing clamp (13) is contacted with the outer side cylindrical surface of the valve body; the feeding turntable (11) is used for driving the valve body to move; the feeding driving mechanism (12) is used for driving the feeding grabbing clamp (13) to different stations; the feeding grabbing clamp (13) is used for grabbing the valve body.
4. The valve body truss feeding device is characterized in that the feeding rotary table (11) comprises a rotary table motor, a speed reducer and a rotary table; the output end of the turntable motor is connected with the input end of the speed reducer, and the output end of the speed reducer is connected with the rotating disc.
5. The valve body truss feeding device is characterized in that the feeding driving mechanism (12) comprises a feeding truss (121), a feeding motor assembly and a feeding bottom plate (122); the feeding motor assembly is fixed on the feeding truss (121), the output end of the feeding motor assembly is connected with the feeding bottom plate (122), and the feeding bottom plate (122) is connected with the feeding grabbing clamp (13).
6. A valve body loading method, which is characterized by adopting the valve body truss loading device in claim 3, and comprises the following steps:
1) feeding a plurality of valve bodies to a feeding turntable (11) according to a concentric circle shape, wherein a valve body boss of each valve body faces to the rotation center of the feeding turntable (11);
2) the feeding rotary table (11) drives the valve body to rotate to a conveying station, and the feeding driving mechanism (12) drives the feeding grabbing clamp (13) to move to the position above the conveying station;
3) the driving component (131) drives the clamping jigs (133) to move downwards to a position connected with the valve body, and the clamping air claw (132) drives the two clamping jigs (133) to move relatively; clamping binding surfaces (135) of the two clamping jigs (133) are bound, a clamping groove (136) is matched with the outer cylindrical surface of the valve body, and the upper end surface of the valve body is bound with an upper positioning surface (137);
4) the feeding driving mechanism (12) drives the feeding grabbing clamp (13) to move to the feeding end of the feeding device to loosen and discharge the valve body, and the feeding process of the valve body is completed.
7. A valve body milling, drilling and tapping production device is characterized by comprising a workbench, a truss feeding device (1), a feeding device (2) and a milling, drilling and tapping device (3), wherein the truss feeding device (1), the feeding device and the milling, drilling and tapping device are fixed on the workbench; the truss feeding device (1) adopts the valve body truss feeding device as claimed in claim 3.
8. The valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment as claimed in claim 7, wherein the feeding device (2) comprises a valve body turnover mechanism (21) and a valve body moving mechanism (22); the feeding end and the discharging end of the valve body turnover mechanism (21) are respectively connected with the discharging end of the truss feeding device (1) and the feeding end of the valve body moving mechanism (22), and the discharging end of the valve body moving mechanism (22) is connected with the feeding end of the milling, drilling and tapping device (3); the valve body overturning mechanism (21) is used for overturning the valve body; the valve body moving mechanism (22) is used for moving the overturned valve body to the milling, drilling and tapping device (3).
9. The valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment as claimed in claim 8, wherein the valve body overturning mechanism (21) comprises a vibration feeder (23), a horizontal slideway (24) and an overturning slideway (25); the horizontal slideway (24) is horizontally fixed above the vibrating feeder (23); the horizontal slide way (24) comprises a first baffle strip (241), a second baffle strip (242) and a third baffle strip (243); the first retaining strip (241) and the third retaining strip (243) are respectively distributed opposite to two side faces of the second retaining strip (242) and respectively form a first sliding groove (244) and a second sliding groove (245), the first sliding groove (244) is in sliding fit with the outer surface of a cylinder at the lower part of the valve body, a boss protrusion of the valve body is positioned in the second sliding groove (245), and the inner side face of the third retaining strip (243) is in contact with the outer side face of the boss of the valve body; the turnover slideway (25) is provided with an inclined part (251) which is distributed in an inclined way and a horizontal part (252) which is distributed in a horizontal way, the discharge end below the inclined part (251) is communicated with the horizontal part (252), and the upper feed end of the inclined part (251) is connected with the discharge end of the horizontal slideway (24); the middle parts of the inclined part (251) and the horizontal part (252) are provided with blanking chutes (253) which are in sliding fit with the outer surface of the lower cylinder of the valve body; one side of the inclined part (251) and one side of the horizontal part (252) are both provided with an upper limiting surface (254) and a side limiting surface (255), the upper limiting surface (254) is in contact with the outer surface of a boss cylinder of the valve body, and the side limiting surface (255) is positioned on the inner side of the inner side surface of a boss protrusion of the valve body.
10. The valve body milling, drilling and tapping production equipment according to claim 8, wherein the valve body moving mechanism (22) comprises a moving driving assembly (221) and a moving clamping assembly (222); the output end of the moving driving component (221) is connected with the moving clamping component (222), and the output end of the moving clamping component (222) is contacted with the front end surface and the rear end surface of the turned valve body; the moving driving assembly (221) is used for driving the moving clamping assembly (222) to move to different stations; the moving clamping assembly (222) is used for clamping the valve body.
CN202110430421.8A 2021-04-21 2021-04-21 Valve body feeding grabbing clamp, truss feeding device, feeding method and production equipment Withdrawn CN113134739A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115213696A (en) * 2022-06-23 2022-10-21 浙江精艺管件股份有限公司 Processing production system for air conditioner hydraulic T-shaped three-way pipe

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CN107962375A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-04-27 毛建成 A kind of automatic assembling device of spool O-ring
CN207402531U (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-05-25 余姚市昕宇液压机件有限公司 A kind of opening and closing rotating and clamping device
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SU1007914A1 (en) * 1982-01-07 1983-03-30 Крымский Проектно-Конструкторский Технологический Институт Magazine-type charging apparatus
JPS6420995A (en) * 1987-07-10 1989-01-24 Tsuee Hirushiyuman Guregorii Direct acting device for assembling device
CN103894823A (en) * 2014-02-28 2014-07-02 温岭市金悦自动化设备有限公司 Valve assembling production line
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CN107962375A (en) * 2018-01-22 2018-04-27 毛建成 A kind of automatic assembling device of spool O-ring

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN115213696A (en) * 2022-06-23 2022-10-21 浙江精艺管件股份有限公司 Processing production system for air conditioner hydraulic T-shaped three-way pipe

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