CN113047661A - Wood structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcing and correcting device - Google Patents

Wood structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcing and correcting device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113047661A
CN113047661A CN202110496976.2A CN202110496976A CN113047661A CN 113047661 A CN113047661 A CN 113047661A CN 202110496976 A CN202110496976 A CN 202110496976A CN 113047661 A CN113047661 A CN 113047661A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
sleeve
supporting
citron
plate
beam column
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110496976.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
戴必辉
陶忠
李静
廖文远
赵聪
戴金沙
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Kunming University of Science and Technology
Original Assignee
Kunming University of Science and Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Kunming University of Science and Technology filed Critical Kunming University of Science and Technology
Priority to CN202110496976.2A priority Critical patent/CN113047661A/en
Publication of CN113047661A publication Critical patent/CN113047661A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/02Repairing, e.g. filling cracks; Restoring; Altering; Enlarging
    • E04G23/0218Increasing or restoring the load-bearing capacity of building construction elements
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/26Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of wood
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/18Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons
    • E04B1/26Structures comprising elongated load-supporting parts, e.g. columns, girders, skeletons the supporting parts consisting of wood
    • E04B1/2604Connections specially adapted therefor
    • E04B2001/2676Connector nodes
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G23/00Working measures on existing buildings
    • E04G23/02Repairing, e.g. filling cracks; Restoring; Altering; Enlarging
    • E04G23/0218Increasing or restoring the load-bearing capacity of building construction elements
    • E04G2023/0248Increasing or restoring the load-bearing capacity of building construction elements of elements made of wood

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of wood structure reinforcement, and particularly relates to a reinforcement and deviation-correcting device for a wood structure traditional residential beam column mortise-tenon joint, which comprises a sleeve, a support plate, a support rod and a hinge rod; the sleeve is arranged on the eave column through a fastening screw sleeve, one side of the upper end face of the sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of a hinge rod, the other end of the hinge rod is rotatably connected with one side of a support plate, the upper plate face of the support plate is attached to the airplane, the other side of the support plate is rotatably connected with one end of a support rod, and the other end of the support rod rotatably abuts against a support pin arranged on the side wall of the sleeve; according to the downward inclination of the citron, a supporting pin with a proper height is selected, meanwhile, a fastening screw can be loosened, and the height of the sleeve is adjusted up and down, so that the plate surface of the supporting plate is completely attached to the citron, the supporting stability of the supporting plate on the citron is improved, the supporting protection on the citron is realized, and the stability of an ornament on the citron is ensured.

Description

Wood structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcing and correcting device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of wood structure reinforcement, and particularly relates to a reinforcement and deviation-correction device for a wood structure traditional residential beam column mortise-tenon joint.
Background
The residential houses with the wood structures are usually designed and built according to the ancient style and the modern combination mode, and a plurality of decorations are arranged on eave of the houses, so that the appearances of the houses are enriched.
Decorate self and have weight, after the house is built many years, through the weather exposure, the wooden citron of house loses original intensity, takes place deformation, because the citron part is connected on the beam column through the tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches mode, if not correct the processing in time, the citron is buckled to the ground direction, and the tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches does not bear bending force and splits, and the tile or the embellishment of laying on the citron will drop, influence resident's safety in residence.
Therefore, the invention provides a strengthening and correcting device for the tenon-and-mortise joints of the beams and columns of the traditional residential building with a wood structure.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to make up the defects of the prior art and solve the problems in the background art, the strengthening and correcting device for the tenon-and-mortise joint of the traditional residential beam column with the wood structure comprises a sleeve, a support plate, a support rod and a hinge rod; the sleeve is arranged on the eave column through a fastening screw sleeve, one side of the upper end face of the sleeve is fixedly connected with one end of a hinge rod, the other end of the hinge rod is rotatably connected with one side of a support plate, the upper plate face of the support plate is attached to the airplane, the other side of the support plate is rotatably connected with one end of a support rod, and the other end of the support rod rotatably abuts against a support pin arranged on the side wall of the sleeve; the supporting plate is attached to the lower surface of the citron, one end of the supporting rod is propped in the supporting pin, the supporting pin with a proper height is selected according to the downward inclined gradient of the citron, the fastening screw can be loosened, the height of the sleeve is adjusted up and down, the plate surface of the supporting plate is completely attached to the citron, the supporting stability of the supporting plate to the citron is improved, the supporting protection to the citron is achieved, and the stability of ornaments on the citron is guaranteed.
Preferably, a sliding groove is formed in the side wall of the sleeve, a screw rod is arranged in the sliding groove, the screw rod penetrates into the sliding groove from the sleeve, the upper end of the screw rod is rotatably connected with the top surface in the sliding groove, the screw rod is in threaded connection with a supporting pin, the supporting pin is slidably connected in the sliding groove, the supporting pin is in a horn shape and is bent towards the citron direction, and a gap between the supporting pin and the side wall of the sleeve is rotatably connected with the other end of the supporting; the screw rod is rotated to push or pull the supporting pin to move up and down, then the supporting pin is pushed up or pushed to one end of the supporting rod below the supporting pin, one side of the supporting plate swings, the screw rod is rotated until the plate surface of the supporting plate is completely attached to the citron, and supporting protection of the supporting plate on the citron is guaranteed.
Preferably, a connecting plate is arranged between adjacent supporting plates, strip-shaped grooves are formed in the opposite side walls of the adjacent supporting plates, the grooves are connected with the two sides of the connecting plate in a sliding mode, and the connecting plate is fastened on the side walls of the supporting plates through screws; the supporting plate can not be attached to the supported citron wood for supporting and protecting through the connecting plate.
Preferably, the groove is obliquely and upwards formed along the direction of the citron; through the position of adjusting the connecting plate in the recess, the face of control connecting plate is higher than the height of the face of backup pad, realizes the accurate support protection to every piece of timber of flying citron.
Preferably, the upper plate surface of the connecting plate is provided with a rolling groove, a round rod is arranged in the rolling groove, and the round rod is connected in the rolling groove in a rolling manner; the connecting plate passes through the round bar roll connection on the citron, reduces frictional force, makes things convenient for the removal of connecting plate to adjust.
Preferably, a placing groove is formed in the inner side wall of the sleeve, an extrusion plate is arranged in the placing groove, and the extrusion plate is extruded on the outer ring of the house cornice column through fastening screws; through the stripper plate, prevent that fastening bolt from directly pushing up at the eave post, damaging eave post timber.
Preferably, strip-shaped bulges are arranged on the side wall, attached to the eave post, of the extrusion plate, and the bulges are obliquely directed to the ground; through protruding, increase the frictional force between stripper plate and the eave post surface, prevent that the sleeve from sliding to the ground direction, losing the cooperation supporting role of sleeve and backup pad.
Preferably, each protrusion is made of a rubber material; the protrusions are made of rubber materials, so that the protrusions are prevented from extruding and scratching the surfaces of the eave posts.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the downward inclination of the citron, a supporting pin with a proper height is selected, meanwhile, a fastening screw can be loosened, and the height of the sleeve is adjusted up and down, so that the plate surface of the supporting plate is completely attached to the citron, the supporting stability of the supporting plate on the citron is improved, the supporting protection on the citron is realized, and the stability of an ornament on the citron is ensured;
and after the other end of the supporting rod is embedded into a gap between the supporting pin and the side wall of the sleeve, the plate surface of the supporting plate can not be completely attached to the citron, the screw rod is rotated, the screw rod pushes or pulls the supporting pin to move up and down, then the supporting pin is pushed up or pushed up to or pushed away from one end of the supporting rod below, so that one side of the supporting plate swings, the screw rod is rotated until the plate surface of the supporting plate is completely attached to the citron, and the supporting protection of the supporting plate on the citron is ensured.
Drawings
The invention will be further explained with reference to the drawings.
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a second perspective view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion of FIG. 2 at A;
FIG. 4 is a side view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial enlarged view at B in FIG. 4;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of a stripper plate according to one embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view of a connection plate according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a view of the fastening nut and the threaded rod of the second embodiment of the present invention;
in the figure: 1. a sleeve; 2. a support plate; 3. a support bar; 4. a hinged lever; 5. a support pin; 6. a chute; 7. a screw; 8. a connecting plate; 9. a groove; 10. rolling a groove; 11. a round bar; 12. a placement groove; 13. a pressing plate; 14. a protrusion; 15. and (5) tightening the nut.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1-7, the strengthening and correcting device for the tenon-and-mortise joint of the wood-structure traditional residential beam column comprises a sleeve 1, a support plate 2, a support rod 3 and a hinge rod 4; the sleeve 1 is arranged on a house cornice column through a fastening screw sleeve, one side of the upper end face of the sleeve 1 is fixedly connected with one end of a hinge rod 4, the other end of the hinge rod 4 is rotatably connected with one side of a support plate 2, the upper plate face of the support plate 2 is attached to a bird's nest, the other side of the support plate 2 is rotatably connected with one end of a support rod 3, and the other end of the support rod 3 is rotatably supported in a support pin 5 arranged on the side wall of the sleeve 1; the resident house with the wood structure is usually designed and built according to the ancient style and the modern combination mode, a plurality of decorations are arranged on the eave of the house, the appearance of the house is enriched, the decorations have the weight, after the house is built for many years, the wooden citron of the house loses the original strength and deforms after being blown by wind and rain, because the citron part is connected to a beam column in a mortise and tenon mode, if the citron is not corrected in time, the citron bends towards the ground direction, the mortise and tenon can not bear the bending force and break, tiles or decorations paved on the citron can fall off, the living safety of residents is affected, and therefore, a reinforcing and rectifying device aiming at the wood structure is designed; at first pass through fastening bolt with sleeve 1 and fix on the room eaves post, then attach backup pad 2 at citron's lower surface, push up the one end of bracing piece 3 in supporting pin 5 after that, according to the downward slope who flies citron, select the supporting pin 5 of suitable height, fastening screw also can relax simultaneously, adjust sleeve 1's height from top to bottom, make backup pad 2's face attached completely on flying citron, improve backup pad 2 to the support stability who flies citron, thereby realize the support protection to flying citron, and guarantee the stability of adorning at citron.
A sliding groove 6 is formed in the side wall of the sleeve 1, a screw 7 is arranged in the sliding groove 6, the screw 7 penetrates into the sliding groove 6 from the sleeve 1, the upper end of the screw 7 is rotatably connected with the inner top surface of the sliding groove 6, the screw 7 is in threaded connection with a supporting pin 5, the supporting pin 5 is slidably connected in the sliding groove 6, the supporting pin 5 is in a horn shape and is bent towards the direction of the citron, and a gap between the supporting pin 5 and the side wall of the sleeve 1 is rotatably connected with the other end of the supporting rod; after the other end of the supporting rod 3 is embedded into a gap between the supporting pin and the side wall of the sleeve 1, the plate surface of the supporting plate 2 can not be completely attached to the citron, the screw rod 7 is rotated at the moment, the screw rod 7 pushes or pulls the supporting pin 5 to move up and down, then the supporting pin 5 pushes up or pushes up one end of the supporting rod 3 below, one side of the supporting plate 2 swings, the screw rod 7 is rotated until the plate surface of the supporting plate 2 is completely attached to the citron, and the supporting protection of the supporting plate 2 on the citron is guaranteed.
A connecting plate 8 is arranged between the adjacent supporting plates 2, strip-shaped grooves 9 are formed in the opposite side walls of the adjacent supporting plates 2, the two sides of the connecting plate 8 are connected in the grooves 9 in a sliding mode, and the connecting plate 8 is fastened on the side walls of the supporting plates 2 through screws; the supporting plate 2 can not be attached to the supported citron wood for supporting and protecting through the connecting plate 8.
The groove 9 is obliquely and upwards formed along the direction of the citron; connecting plate 8 slides along recess 9, upwards offers because of recess 9 inclines along flying citron direction, therefore during sliding connection board 8, the face of connecting plate 8 can be higher than the face of backup pad 2 gradually, through the position of adjusting connecting plate 8 in recess 9, the height that the face of control connecting plate 8 is higher than the face of backup pad 2 realizes every wooden accurate support protection of flying citron.
The upper plate surface of the connecting plate 8 is provided with a rolling groove 10, a round rod 11 is arranged in the rolling groove 10, and the round rod 11 is connected in the rolling groove 10 in a rolling manner; when the connecting plate 8 moves to the depth of the groove 9, the extrusion force of the connecting plate 8 and the citron is more and more, the connecting plate 8 is difficult to push to move to the depth of the groove 9, therefore, the connecting plate 8 is connected to the citron in a rolling mode through the round rod 11, friction is reduced, and the connecting plate 8 is convenient to move and adjust.
A placing groove 12 is formed in the inner side wall of the sleeve 1, an extrusion plate 13 is arranged in the placing groove 12, and the extrusion plate 13 is extruded on the outer ring of the house cornice through fastening screws; through stripper plate 13, prevent that fastening bolt from directly pushing up at the eave post, damaging eave post timber.
A strip-shaped bulge 14 is arranged on the side wall, attached to the eave post, of the extrusion plate 13, and the bulge 14 is obliquely directed to the ground; through protruding 14, increase the frictional force between stripper plate 13 and the eave post surface, prevent that sleeve 1 from sliding to the ground direction, losing the cooperation supporting role of sleeve 1 and backup pad 2.
Each of the protrusions 14 is made of a rubber material; the protrusions 14 are made of rubber materials, so that the surfaces of the eave posts are prevented from being extruded and scratched by the protrusions 14.
Example two:
referring to fig. 8, comparative example one, as another embodiment of the present invention, wherein the lower end of the screw 7 is provided with a fastening nut 15; after the screw 7 is adjusted and rotated, the screw 7 is fixed at the lower end of the sleeve 1 through the fastening nut 15, the support pin 5 is prevented from being subjected to downward extrusion force of the support rod 3, the support pin 5 rotates the screw 7 in the soil cave, and the support rod 3 loses the support acting force on the support plate 2.
The working principle is as follows: firstly, fixing a sleeve 1 on a house cornice column through a fastening bolt, then attaching a support plate 2 to the lower surface of a citron, then propping one end of a support rod 3 in a support pin 5, selecting the support pin 5 with proper height according to the downward inclination of the citron, simultaneously loosening a fastening screw, and adjusting the height of the sleeve 1 up and down to ensure that the plate surface of the support plate 2 is completely attached to the citron, thereby improving the support stability of the support plate 2 to the citron, realizing the support protection of the citron and ensuring the stability of ornaments on the citron;
and after the other end of the supporting rod 3 is embedded into a gap between the supporting pin and the side wall of the sleeve 1, the plate surface of the supporting plate 2 can not be completely attached to the citron, at the moment, the screw 7 is rotated, the screw 7 pushes or pulls the supporting pin 5 to move up and down, then the supporting pin 5 pushes up or pushes one end of the supporting rod 3 below, so that one side of the supporting plate 2 swings, the screw 7 is rotated until the plate surface of the supporting plate 2 is completely attached to the citron, and the supporting protection of the supporting plate 2 on the citron is ensured.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used merely for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplifying the description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a deviation correcting device is consolidated to timber structure tradition local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node which characterized in that: comprises a sleeve (1), a supporting plate (2), a supporting rod (3) and a hinged rod (4); sleeve (1) are established on the room eaves post through the fastening turnbuckle, the one end of up end one side rigid coupling hinge bar (4) of sleeve (1), and the other end of hinge bar (4) rotates one side of joint support board (2), and the last face of backup pad (2) is attached on flying citron, and the one end of joint support pole (3) is rotated to the opposite side of backup pad (2), and the other end of bracing piece (3) is rotated in supporting pin (5) that the top was equipped with on sleeve (1) lateral wall.
2. The timber structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcement deviation correcting device of claim 1, characterized in that: offer spout (6) on the lateral wall of sleeve (1), be equipped with screw rod (7) in spout (6), screw rod (7) run through to spout (6) in from sleeve (1), and the upper end of screw rod (7) is rotated and is connected the interior top surface of spout (6), screw rod (7) threaded connection supporting pin (5), supporting pin (5) sliding connection is in spout (6), supporting pin (5) are ox horn shape and are crooked to the citron direction, the other end of joint support pole (3) is rotated in the space between supporting pin (5) and sleeve (1) lateral wall.
3. The timber structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcement deviation correcting device of claim 1, characterized in that: adjacent connecting plates (8) are arranged between the supporting plates (2), strip-shaped grooves (9) are formed in opposite side walls of the adjacent supporting plates (2), the two sides of the connecting plates (8) are connected in the grooves (9) in a sliding mode, and the connecting plates (8) are fastened on the side walls of the supporting plates (2) through screws.
4. The strengthening and correcting device for the wooden-structure traditional residential beam column mortise-tenon joints according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the groove (9) is obliquely and upwards arranged along the direction of the citron.
5. The strengthening and correcting device for the wooden-structure traditional residential beam column mortise-tenon joints according to claim 3, is characterized in that: the upper plate surface of the connecting plate (8) is provided with a rolling groove (10), a round rod (11) is arranged in the rolling groove (10), and the round rod (11) is connected in the rolling groove (10) in a rolling mode.
6. The timber structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcement deviation correcting device of claim 1, characterized in that: offer standing groove (12) on sleeve (1) inside wall, be equipped with stripper plate (13) in standing groove (12), stripper plate (13) pass through fastening screw and extrude on the outer lane of room eaves post.
7. The strengthening and correcting device for the wooden-structure traditional residential beam column mortise-tenon joints according to claim 6, is characterized in that: be equipped with arch (14) of bar form on the attached lateral wall of stripper plate (13) and eave post, and protruding (14) slope point to ground.
8. The strengthening and correcting device for the wooden-structure traditional residential beam column mortise-tenon joints according to claim 7, is characterized in that: each protrusion (14) is made of rubber.
CN202110496976.2A 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Wood structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcing and correcting device Pending CN113047661A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110496976.2A CN113047661A (en) 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Wood structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcing and correcting device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110496976.2A CN113047661A (en) 2021-05-07 2021-05-07 Wood structure traditional local-style dwelling houses beam column tenon fourth of twelve earthly branches node reinforcing and correcting device

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