CN113026993A - Assembly type combined connecting beam window opening component, structure and manufacturing and construction method - Google Patents

Assembly type combined connecting beam window opening component, structure and manufacturing and construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113026993A
CN113026993A CN202110196915.4A CN202110196915A CN113026993A CN 113026993 A CN113026993 A CN 113026993A CN 202110196915 A CN202110196915 A CN 202110196915A CN 113026993 A CN113026993 A CN 113026993A
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China
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hidden
column
window
steel
hidden column
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姚攀峰
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姚攀峰
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Priority to CN202110196915.4A priority Critical patent/CN113026993A/en
Publication of CN113026993A publication Critical patent/CN113026993A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B2/00Walls, e.g. partitions, for buildings; Wall construction with regard to insulation; Connections specially adapted to walls
    • E04B2/56Load-bearing walls of framework or pillarwork; Walls incorporating load-bearing elongated members
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C3/00Structural elongated elements designed for load-supporting
    • E04C3/02Joists; Girders, trusses, or trusslike structures, e.g. prefabricated; Lintels; Transoms; Braces
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work

Abstract

The invention discloses an assembled combined connecting beam window opening component, a structure and a manufacturing and constructing method, wherein the window opening component comprises two adjacent shear walls, a top connecting beam connected below a top plate of the shear wall, an inter-window wall connected below the shear wall, wall hidden columns connected to two sides of the top connecting beam and the inter-window wall and steel connecting pieces connected in the wall hidden columns; the structure also comprises a top connecting beam, a window partition wall and two side shear walls, wherein a hole is formed by enclosing each layer. The top connecting beam is arranged, so that the integrity of the shear wall is favorably enhanced, and the semi-prefabricated shear wall is favorable for improving the ductility and energy consumption capability of the opening of the shear wall; through the setting of wall hidden column, can effectively retrain the concrete, and then promote the anti-seismic performance of shear force wall panel. Through the setting of steel connecting piece, do benefit to the bulk joint of guaranteeing the wall hidden column and strengthen its joint strength, its when the assembled construction of shear force wall, the steel connecting piece has still played the effect of location and assembling.

Description

Assembly type combined connecting beam window opening component, structure and manufacturing and construction method
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of assembly type building construction, and particularly relates to an assembly type combined connecting beam window opening component, a structure and a manufacturing and construction method.
Background
Building industrialization is the key point of national construction and development, wherein assembly type buildings are greatly popularized, and building enterprises are encouraged to carry out assembly type construction and field assembly; corresponding policy support is provided for the construction of national assembly type building production bases and the like; this results in a gradually increasing proportion of the prefabricated building to the new building. In the existing fabricated building, the connecting piece is an important factor for realizing the construction safety of the precast concrete structure, the anti-seismic bearing capacity of the joint surface and the anti-seismic ductility, so that the key design is needed; and how to install the shear wall at the window conveniently and guarantee the stress and the anti-seismic performance of the shear wall is always the key point of design.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a window opening component of an assembled combined connecting beam, a structure and a manufacturing and constructing method, which are used for solving the problems of vertical and horizontal connection of an assembled combined connecting shear wall at a window, solving the problem of brittle failure of a connecting beam and a wall between windows, and improving the technical problems of seismic ductility, rapid construction and the like of the whole structure.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
an assembled combined connecting beam window opening component comprises two adjacent shear walls, a top connecting beam connected below a top plate of the shear walls, an inter-window wall connected below the shear walls, wall hidden columns connected to two sides of the top connecting beam and the inter-window wall and steel connecting pieces connected in the wall hidden columns;
the top connecting beam, the inter-window wall and the shear walls on the two sides surround a hole; the top connecting beam is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the inter-window wall is a fully-prefabricated inter-window wall;
the wall hidden column is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body, hidden column longitudinal ribs and hidden column horizontal ribs which are connected inside the hidden column body, and hidden column stirrups which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs and are exposed; the embedded column longitudinal bar extends out of the embedded column body at one vertical end part or two vertical end parts, and the embedded column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bars and/or the steel connecting pieces and extends out of the embedded column body; the steel connecting piece is of a separate type or a through type, is buried in the wall hidden column, and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal ribs, the hidden column stirrups and the hidden column horizontal ribs along the length direction of the steel connecting piece.
Furthermore, the top of the wall embedded column is flush with the top surface of the top connecting beam, and embedded column stirrups in the wall embedded column are arranged at intervals within the height range of the wall embedded column; the wall hidden post is also connected with hidden post lacing wires which are at least connected between the two hidden post longitudinal bars at the outermost side.
Furthermore, the top connecting beam comprises a top beam body, a top longitudinal rib connected in the top connecting beam, a top hoop rib connected to the outer side of the top connecting beam and a top bottom rib connected to the bottom of the top beam body; the upper part of the top stirrup is reserved with a free end which is not more than half of the height of the integral top stirrup, the free end of the top stirrup extends into the upper structure, and then concrete is poured to be connected with a floor slab and the like into a whole; the top bottom rib and the top longitudinal rib extend out of the concealed column body.
Furthermore, the inter-window wall comprises a prefabricated wall body at the bottom opening, horizontal steel bars connected in the wall body between the bottom windows, vertical steel bars and tie bars connected between the horizontal steel bars; and part of the horizontal steel bars extend into the shear walls on the two sides or are broken at the edge of the opening.
Furthermore, the cross section of the steel connecting piece is H-shaped, Chinese character 'Wang', rectangular, L-shaped, I-shaped or square, the steel connecting piece is arranged in the hidden column in a through manner, and one end or two ends of the steel connecting piece extend into the upper hidden column and the lower hidden column which are adjacent; or the steel connecting pieces are spliced and formed, and the steel connecting pieces are at least arranged on two sides of the top connecting beam and spliced detachably.
Further, the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure comprises two shear walls which are adjacent up and down, a top connecting beam connected below the top plate of each shear wall, an inter-window wall connected above the top plate of each shear wall, wall hidden columns connected to the two sides of the top connecting beam and the inter-window wall and steel connecting pieces connected in the wall hidden columns;
the top connecting beam, the window partition wall and the shear walls on the two sides form a hole in each layer; the window partition walls and the top connecting beams on the upper side and the lower side of the top plate are arranged in a square shape; the top connecting beam is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall between the windows is a fully-prefabricated wall body; the shear wall above the opening and the shear wall below the opening are connected together through steel connecting pieces, and the semi-prefabricated top connecting beam and the corresponding top are poured to complete integral connection with the wall embedded column.
The wall hidden column is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body, hidden column longitudinal ribs and hidden column horizontal ribs which are connected inside the hidden column body, and hidden column stirrups which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs and are exposed; the embedded column longitudinal bar extends out of the embedded column body at the vertical upper end or extends out of the embedded column body at two ends, and the embedded column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bars and/or the steel connecting pieces and extends out of the embedded column body; the steel connecting piece is of a separate type or a through type, is buried in the wall hidden column, and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal ribs, the hidden column stirrups and the hidden column horizontal ribs along the length direction of the steel connecting piece.
Furthermore, the embedded column longitudinal ribs are fixedly connected through lapping, sleeving or welding, and the embedded column horizontal ribs are mutually connected and form an integral shear wall inner column body with the embedded column longitudinal ribs and the later poured concrete.
Furthermore, the wall hidden columns are arranged from the bottom of the structure to the designed top in a stepped mode, the height of each step is single-story building height or multi-story building height, and hidden column stirrups of the wall hidden columns and wall horizontal steel bars are arranged at intervals.
The assembled combined connecting beam window opening component comprises two adjacent shear walls, a top connecting beam connected below a top plate of the shear walls, an inter-window wall connected above a top plate below the shear walls, wall embedded columns connected to two sides of the top connecting beam and the inter-window wall, and steel connecting pieces connected into the wall embedded columns;
the top connecting beam, the inter-window wall and the shear walls on the two sides surround a hole; the top connecting beam is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall between the windows is a fully-prefabricated beam;
the wall hidden column is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body, hidden column longitudinal ribs and hidden column horizontal ribs which are connected inside the hidden column body, and hidden column stirrups which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs and are exposed; the embedded column longitudinal bar extends out of the embedded column body at the vertical upper end or extends out of the embedded column body at two ends, and the embedded column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bars and/or the steel connecting pieces and extends out of the embedded column body; the steel connecting piece is of a separate type or a through type, is embedded into the wall hidden column, and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal ribs, the hidden column stirrups and the hidden column horizontal ribs along the length direction of the steel connecting piece;
the manufacturing method of the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component comprises the following specific steps:
firstly, manufacturing shear wall reinforcing steel bars, hidden column longitudinal bars in hidden columns of the wall, hidden column stirrups, hidden column horizontal bars and hidden column tie bars according to the design requirements of the shear wall and by combining the design requirements of detailed structures at the opening of the shear wall, manufacturing reinforcing steel bars of a precast beam and reinforcing steel bars of a semi-precast beam in a top coupling beam and an inter-window wall, and manufacturing steel connecting pieces;
step two, manufacturing the hidden column longitudinal ribs, the hidden column horizontal ribs, the hidden column stirrups and the hidden column stirrups into hidden column reinforcement cages; manufacturing a top connecting beam and a wall reinforcement cage between windows, and arranging corresponding connecting beam tie bars; the stirrups of the wall hidden columns, the top connecting beams and the wall between windows are arranged in a connection area or an area with large shearing force in an encrypted manner; assembling the steel connecting piece, the hidden column reinforcement cage and the connecting beam reinforcement cage on the bench formwork into a whole, and horizontally placing;
step three, manufacturing dies of the shear wall, the top connecting beam (semi-prefabricated beam) and the inter-window wall (full-prefabricated wall body at the opening); the side formworks of the wall hidden column are positioned at the bottom of the beam, the top of the semi-prefabricated beam, the front end of the beam and the rear end of the beam respectively, stirrups penetrate through reserved holes of the side formwork at the top of the top connecting beam, and the side formworks of the wall hidden column are positioned at the bottom, the front end, the rear end and the top of the wall hidden column;
and step four, pouring concrete, and curing to a preset strength to form the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component.
Furthermore, the assembled combined connecting beam window hole structure comprises two shear walls which are adjacent up and down, a top connecting beam connected below the top plate of each shear wall, an inter-window wall connected above the top plate of each shear wall, wall hidden columns connected to the two sides of the top connecting beam and the inter-window wall and steel connecting pieces connected in the wall hidden columns;
the top connecting beam, the window partition wall and the shear walls on the two sides form a hole in each layer; the window partition walls and the top connecting beams on the upper side and the lower side of the top plate are arranged in a square shape; the top connecting beam is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall between the windows is a fully-prefabricated wall body; the shear wall above the opening and the shear wall below the opening are connected together through a steel connecting piece, and a semi-prefabricated top connecting beam and the corresponding top are poured to complete integral connection with the wall embedded column;
the construction method of the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure comprises the following specific steps:
step one, positioning: the upper assembled combined connecting beam window hole component and the lower assembled combined connecting beam window hole component are positioned on site, the oblique supporting piece is installed, the upper steel connecting piece and the lower steel connecting piece are aligned, the corresponding height, horizontal position and verticality are adjusted, and the oblique supporting piece is fixed;
step two, fixed connection, wherein steel connecting pieces are connected into a whole through welding or bolting, and longitudinal steel bars of the embedded columns are lapped or welded;
binding field reinforcing steel bars, binding longitudinal reinforcing steel bars, horizontal reinforcing steel bars, tie reinforcing steel bars, connecting beams and floor reinforcing steel bars in a field embedded column area according to design requirements, complementarily binding top longitudinal reinforcing steel bars and/or stirrups of top connecting beams (semi-prefabricated beams), complementarily binding horizontal reinforcing steel bars in a horizontal connecting area, and connecting the reinforcing steel bars into a whole;
step four, field formwork erecting: erecting a template of a top coupling beam (semi-prefabricated beam) cast-in-place area, erecting a template of a horizontal connection area and erecting a vertical template of a shear wall area;
and fifthly, pouring concrete and maintaining to a preset strength to form the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1) the top connecting beam is arranged, so that the integrity of the assembled shear wall during installation is favorably enhanced, the assembled shear wall is semi-prefabricated, the assembled shear wall and a floor slab can form a unified whole on the premise of assembly construction, the ductility and the energy consumption capability of the opening of the shear wall are improved, and the concrete construction is facilitated;
2) according to the invention, through the arrangement of the wall hidden column, the hidden column longitudinal ribs, the hidden column stirrups, the hidden column horizontal ribs and the hidden column tie bars in the wall hidden column form the graded or through-length type steel reinforced concrete hidden column, so that concrete can be effectively restrained, the concrete is prevented from being damaged in advance, and the anti-seismic performance of the shear wall panel is further improved.
3) The arrangement of the steel connecting pieces is beneficial to ensuring the integral connection of the wall embedded columns and enhancing the connection strength of the wall embedded columns, and the steel connecting pieces also play roles in positioning and assembling during the assembly construction of the shear wall;
the shear wall structure is formed by arranging the shear wall components such as the top connecting beam, the window wall, the wall embedded column and the like, and connecting a plurality of components, pouring a horizontal area and the like, so that the overall quality, the stress performance, the anti-seismic performance and the like can be greatly ensured in application; additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention; the primary objects and other advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by the instrumentalities particularly pointed out in the specification.
Additional features and advantages of the invention will be set forth in the description which follows, and in part will be obvious from the description, or may be learned by practice of the invention; the primary objects and other advantages of the invention may be realized and attained by the instrumentalities particularly pointed out in the specification.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of assembled composite coupling beam window opening member coupling;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of wall studs, steel connectors, roof connecting beams and wall connections between windows;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of wall stud, roof connecting beam and wall connection between windows;
FIG. 4 is a schematic side view of a wall stud connection;
FIG. 5 is a schematic top connection view of a wall stud;
fig. 6 is a schematic view of assembled combination coupling beam window hole component coupling.
Reference numerals: 1-floor elevation, 2-plate top elevation, 3-top connecting beam, 31-top beam body, 32-top longitudinal bar, 33-top stirrup, 34-top bottom bar, 4-window partition wall, 41-prefabricated wall body, 42-horizontal bar, 43-vertical bar, 44-tie bar, 5-wall hidden column, 51-hidden column body, 52-hidden column longitudinal bar, 53-hidden column stirrup, 54-hidden column horizontal bar, 55-hidden column tie bar, 6-steel connecting piece, 61-steel connecting piece body and 62-steel connecting piece fixing piece.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1 to 5, an assembled combination coupling beam window hole structure includes two adjacent shear walls, a top coupling beam 3 connected below a top plate of the shear wall, a window wall 4 connected below the shear wall, wall studs 5 connected to both sides of the top coupling beam 3 and the window wall 4, and steel connectors 6 connected inside the wall studs 5. The top connecting beam 3, the inter-window wall 4 and the shear walls on the two sides surround a hole; the top connecting beam 3 is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall 4 between windows is a full-prefabricated wall 4 between windows. Light fillers can be placed inside the prefabricated inter-window wall 4, and the fillers comprise heat insulation boards and the like.
In this embodiment, the wall hidden column 5 is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column, and includes a hidden column 51, a hidden column longitudinal rib 52 and a hidden column horizontal rib 54 connected to the inside of the hidden column 51, and a hidden column stirrup 53 connected to the outside of the hidden column longitudinal rib 52 and exposed; the hidden column longitudinal bar 52 extends out of the hidden column body 51 at one vertical end or extends out of the hidden column body 51 at two vertical ends, and the hidden column is horizontally connected with reinforcing steel bars and/or steel connecting pieces 6 which extend out of the hidden column body 51; the steel connecting piece 6 is of a separate type or a through type, is embedded in the wall hidden column 5, and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal ribs 52, the hidden column stirrups 53 and the hidden column horizontal ribs 54 along the length direction of the steel connecting piece 6. The length of the horizontal area of the shear wall, which is poured after the embedded column stirrups 5353 extend into, is not less than 20 mm.
In the embodiment, the top of the wall embedded column 5 is flush with the top surface of the top connecting beam 3, and embedded column stirrups 53 in the wall embedded column 5 are arranged at intervals in the height range of the wall embedded column 5; the wall hidden post 5 is also connected with hidden post lacing wire 55, and the hidden post lacing wire 55 is at least connected between the two hidden post longitudinal ribs 52 at the outermost side.
In this embodiment, the top coupling beam 3 includes a top beam body 31, a top longitudinal rib 32 connected to the inside of the top coupling beam 3, a top stirrup 33 connected to the outside of the top coupling beam 3, and a top bottom rib 34 connected to the bottom of the top beam body 31; the upper part of the top stirrup 33 is reserved with a free end which is not more than half of the height of the integral top stirrup 33, the free end of the top stirrup 33 extends into the upper structure, and then concrete is poured and is connected with a floor slab and the like into a whole; the top and bottom ribs 34 and the top longitudinal rib 32 extend out of the hidden column body 51. The top elevation of the top stirrup 33 adapts to the corresponding floor elevation 1, and the top stirrup 33 is connected with the stirrup or the longitudinal bar in the floor at the position corresponding to the plate top elevation 2 respectively. The length of the top longitudinal rib 32 of the top connecting beam 3 extending into the wall embedded column 5 is less than half of the whole width of the wall embedded column 5.
In this embodiment, the inter-window wall 4 includes a prefabricated wall body 41 at the bottom opening, horizontal reinforcing steel bars 42 and vertical reinforcing steel bars 43 connected to the inside of the inter-window wall 4 at the bottom, and tie bars 44 connected between the horizontal reinforcing steel bars 42; and part of the horizontal reinforcing steel bars 42 extend into the shear walls on the two sides or are broken at the edge of the opening.
In this embodiment, the steel connecting member 6 includes a steel connecting member body 61 and steel connecting member fixing members 62 connected to both sides of the steel connecting member body 61, wherein the steel connecting member fixing members are T-shaped members and perform positioning and fastening functions. The cross section of the steel connecting piece body 61 is H-shaped, Chinese character 'wang', rectangular, L-shaped, I-shaped or square, the steel connecting piece 6 is arranged in the hidden column in a through length mode, and one end or two ends of the steel connecting piece 6 extend into the upper hidden column and the lower hidden column which are adjacent; or the steel connecting pieces 6 are spliced, and the steel connecting pieces 6 are at least arranged at two sides of the top connecting beam 3 and are spliced in a detachable way.
As shown in fig. 1 to 6, an assembled window opening structure with a combined connecting beam comprises two shear walls which are adjacent up and down, a top connecting beam 3 connected below the top plate of each shear wall, an inter-window wall 4 connected above the top plate of each shear wall, wall embedded columns 5 connected to two sides of the top connecting beam 3 and the inter-window wall 4, and steel connecting pieces 6 connected in the wall embedded columns 5. The top connecting beam 3, the inter-window wall 4 and the shear walls at the two sides form a hole in each layer; the window partition walls 4 and the top connecting beams 3 on the upper side and the lower side of the top plate are arranged in a square shape; the top connecting beam 3 is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall 4 between windows is a fully-prefabricated wall 41; the shear wall above the opening and the shear wall below the opening are connected together through a steel connecting piece 6, and the semi-prefabricated top connecting beam 3 and the corresponding top are poured to complete integral connection with the wall embedded column 5.
In this embodiment, the wall hidden column 5 in the connecting beam window hole structure is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column, and includes a hidden column 51, a hidden column longitudinal rib 52 and a hidden column horizontal rib 54 connected to the inside of the hidden column 51, and a hidden column stirrup 53 connected to the outside of the hidden column longitudinal rib 52 and exposed; the hidden column longitudinal bar 52 extends out of the hidden column body 51 or two hidden column bodies 51 at the upper vertical end, and the hidden column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bars and/or the steel connecting pieces 6 and extends out of the hidden column body 51; the steel connecting piece 6 is of a separate type or a through type, is embedded in the wall hidden column 5, and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal ribs 52, the hidden column stirrups 53 and the hidden column horizontal ribs 54 along the length direction of the steel connecting piece 6.
The embedded column longitudinal ribs 52 are fixedly connected through lapping, sleeving or welding, and the embedded column horizontal ribs 54 are mutually connected and form an integral internal column body of the shear wall with the embedded column longitudinal ribs 52 and the later poured concrete.
In this embodiment, the wall embedded columns 5 are arranged from the bottom of the structure to the designed top in steps, each step is a single-story building or a multi-story building, and the embedded column stirrups 53 of the wall embedded columns 5 are arranged at intervals with the wall horizontal steel bars 42.
Referring to fig. 1 to 5, a method for manufacturing an assembled combined connecting beam window opening component is further described, where the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component corresponding to the manufacturing method includes two adjacent shear walls, a top connecting beam 3 connected below a top plate of the shear wall, an inter-window wall 4 connected above a lower top plate of the shear wall, wall studs 5 connected to two sides of the top connecting beam 3 and the inter-window wall 4, and steel connecting members 6 connected in the wall studs 5. The top connecting beam 3, the inter-window wall 4 and the shear walls on the two sides surround a hole; the top connecting beam 3 is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall 4 between the windows is a full-prefabricated beam.
The wall hidden column 5 is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body 51, hidden column longitudinal ribs 52 and hidden column horizontal ribs 54 which are connected inside the hidden column body 51, and hidden column stirrups 53 which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs 52 and are exposed; the hidden column longitudinal bar 52 extends out of the hidden column body 51 or two hidden column bodies 51 at the upper vertical end, and the hidden column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bars and/or the steel connecting pieces 6 and extends out of the hidden column body 51; the steel connecting piece 6 is of a separate type or a through type, is embedded in the wall hidden column 5, and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal ribs 52, the hidden column stirrups 53 and the hidden column horizontal ribs 54 along the length direction of the steel connecting piece 6; the manufacturing method of the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component comprises the following specific steps:
firstly, according to the design requirements of a shear wall and by combining the design requirements of detailed structures at the opening of the shear wall, manufacturing shear wall reinforcing steel bars, hidden column longitudinal bars 52 in a hidden column 5 of the wall, hidden column stirrups 53, hidden column horizontal bars 54 and hidden column tie bars 55, manufacturing reinforcing steel bars of a precast beam and reinforcing steel bars of a semi-precast beam in a top coupling beam 3 and a wall 4 between windows, and manufacturing a steel connecting piece 6;
step two, manufacturing the hidden column longitudinal ribs 52, the hidden column horizontal ribs 54, the hidden column stirrups 53 and the hidden column stirrups 53 into a hidden column reinforcement cage; manufacturing a reinforcement cage of the top connecting beam 3 and the wall 4 between windows, and arranging corresponding connecting beam tie bars; the stirrups of the wall hidden columns 5, the top connecting beam 3 and the wall between windows 4 are arranged in an encrypted manner in a connecting area or an area with large shearing force; assembling the steel connecting piece 6, the hidden column reinforcement cage and the connecting beam reinforcement cage on the bench formwork into a whole, and horizontally placing;
step three, manufacturing a die of the shear wall, the top connecting beam 3 semi-prefabricated beam and the fully prefabricated wall body 41 at the hole of the wall 4 between the windows; the steel connecting piece 6, the hidden column steel reinforcement cage and the connecting beam steel reinforcement cage supporting side die which are horizontally placed are surrounded on the bench formwork, wherein the lateral formworks of the window partition wall 4 are respectively positioned at the bottom of the prefabricated window partition wall 4, the top of the prefabricated window partition wall 4, the front end and the rear end of the prefabricated window partition wall 4, the lateral formworks of the top connecting beam 3 are respectively positioned at the bottom of the beam, the top of the prefabricated part of the semi-prefabricated beam, the front end and the rear end of the beam, the stirrups penetrate through the reserved holes of the top side die of the top connecting beam 3, and the lateral formworks of the wall hidden column 5 are positioned at the bottom, the front end, the rear end and the top of;
and step four, pouring concrete, and curing to a preset strength to form the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component.
The assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure comprises two shear walls which are adjacent up and down, a top connecting beam 3 connected below the top plate of each shear wall, an inter-window wall 4 connected above the top plate of each shear wall, wall hidden columns 5 connected to two sides of the top connecting beam 3 and the inter-window wall 4, and steel connecting pieces 6 connected into the wall hidden columns 5.
As can be seen from fig. 1 to 6, the top connecting beam 3, the inter-window wall 4 and the shear walls on the two sides corresponding to the construction method of the prefabricated combined connecting beam window hole structure enclose a hole in each layer; the window partition walls 4 and the top connecting beams 3 on the upper side and the lower side of the top plate are arranged in a square shape; the top connecting beam 3 is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall 4 between windows is a fully-prefabricated wall 41; the shear wall above the opening and the shear wall below the opening are connected together through a steel connecting piece 6, and the semi-prefabricated top connecting beam 3 and the corresponding top are poured to complete integral connection with the wall embedded column 5; the construction method of the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure comprises the following specific steps:
step one, positioning: and (3) positioning the upper assembled combined connecting beam window hole component and the lower assembled combined connecting beam window hole component on site, installing the oblique supporting piece, aligning the upper steel connecting piece 6 and the lower steel connecting piece 6, adjusting the corresponding height, horizontal position and verticality, and fixing the oblique supporting piece.
And step two, fixed connection, namely, the steel connecting pieces 6 are connected into a whole by welding or bolting, and the longitudinal steel bars of the embedded columns are lapped or welded.
Binding field reinforcing steel bars, binding the longitudinal reinforcing steel bars, the horizontal reinforcing steel bars 42, the tie reinforcing steel bars, the connecting beams and the floor reinforcing steel bars in the field embedded column region according to design requirements, complementarily binding the top longitudinal reinforcing steel bars and/or the stirrups of the semi-prefabricated beam of the top connecting beam 3, complementarily binding the horizontal reinforcing steel bars 42 in the horizontal connecting region, and connecting the reinforcing steel bars into a whole.
Step four, field formwork erecting: erecting a template of a top connecting beam 3 semi-precast beam cast-in-place area, erecting a template of a horizontal connection area and erecting a vertical template of a shear wall area.
And fifthly, pouring concrete and performing steam curing to reach a preset strength to form the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that may be made by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention will be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An assembled combined connecting beam window opening component is characterized by comprising two adjacent shear walls, a top connecting beam (3) connected below a top plate of the shear walls, a window wall (4) connected below the shear walls, wall hidden columns (5) connected to two sides of the top connecting beam (3) and the window wall (4) and steel connecting pieces (6) connected into the wall hidden columns (5);
the top connecting beam (3), the inter-window wall (4) and the shear walls on the two sides surround a hole; the top connecting beam (3) is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the inter-window wall (4) is a fully-prefabricated inter-window wall (4);
the wall hidden column (5) is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body (51), hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and hidden column horizontal ribs (54) which are connected inside the hidden column body (51), and hidden column stirrups (53) which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and are exposed; the hidden column longitudinal bar (52) extends out of the hidden column body (51) at one vertical end part or extends out of the hidden column body (51) at two vertical end parts, and the hidden column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bars and/or the steel connecting piece (6) and extends out of the hidden column body (51); the steel connecting piece (6) is of a separated type or a through type, is embedded into the wall hidden column (5), and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal rib (52), the hidden column stirrup (53) and the hidden column horizontal rib (54) along the length direction of the steel connecting piece (6).
2. An assembled composite coupling beam window hole component as claimed in claim 1, wherein the top of the wall studs (5) is flush with the top surface of the top coupling beam (3), stud stirrups (53) in the wall studs (5) are arranged at intervals within the height range of the wall studs (5); the wall hidden post (5) is also connected with hidden post lacing wires (55), and the hidden post lacing wires (55) are at least connected between the two hidden post longitudinal ribs (52) at the outermost side.
3. An assembled combination coupling beam window hole member as claimed in claim 2, wherein the top coupling beam (3) comprises a top beam body (31), a top longitudinal rib (32) connected in the top coupling beam (3), a top stirrup (33) connected to the outside of the top coupling beam (3), and a top bottom rib (34) connected to the bottom of the top beam body (31); the upper part of the top stirrup (33) is reserved with a free end which is not more than half of the height of the integral top stirrup (33), the free end of the top stirrup (33) extends into the upper structure, and concrete is poured later and is connected with a floor slab and the like into a whole; the top and bottom ribs (34) and the top longitudinal rib (32) extend out of the hidden column body (51).
4. The window hole component of the assembled combination coupling beam of claim 2, wherein the window partition wall (4) comprises a prefabricated wall body (41) at the bottom hole, horizontal steel bars (42) connected in the bottom window partition wall (4), vertical steel bars (43) and tie bars (44) connected between the horizontal steel bars (42); and part of the horizontal reinforcing steel bars (42) extend into the shear walls on the two sides or are broken at the edge of the opening.
5. The window hole component of the assembled combined connecting beam as claimed in claim 4, wherein the cross section of the steel connecting piece (6) is H-shaped, E-shaped, rectangular, L-shaped, I-shaped or square-shaped, the steel connecting piece (6) is arranged in the hidden column in a full length way, and one end or two ends of the steel connecting piece (6) extend into the adjacent upper hidden column and the lower hidden column; or the steel connecting pieces (6) are spliced, and the steel connecting pieces (6) are at least arranged on two sides of the top connecting beam (3) and are spliced in a detachable way.
6. An assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure is characterized by comprising two shear walls which are adjacent up and down, a top connecting beam (3) connected below a top plate of each shear wall, an inter-window wall (4) connected above the top plate of each shear wall, wall hidden columns (5) connected to two sides of the top connecting beam (3) and the inter-window wall (4) and steel connecting pieces (6) connected into the wall hidden columns (5);
the top connecting beam (3), the window partition wall (4) and the shear walls on the two sides enclose a hole in each layer; the window partition walls (4) and the top connecting beams (3) on the upper side and the lower side of the top plate are arranged in a square shape; the top connecting beam (3) is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall (4) between the windows is a fully-prefabricated wall body (41); the shear wall above the opening and the shear wall below the opening are connected together through a steel connecting piece (6), and the semi-prefabricated top connecting beam (3) and the corresponding top are poured to complete integral connection with the wall embedded column (5);
the wall hidden column (5) is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body (51), hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and hidden column horizontal ribs (54) which are connected inside the hidden column body (51), and hidden column stirrups (53) which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and are exposed; the hidden column longitudinal bar (52) extends out of the hidden column body (51) or extends out of the hidden column body (51) at the upper vertical end, and the hidden column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bar and/or the steel connecting piece (6) and extends out of the hidden column body (51); the steel connecting piece (6) is of a separated type or a through type, is embedded into the wall hidden column (5), and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal rib (52), the hidden column stirrup (53) and the hidden column horizontal rib (54) along the length direction of the steel connecting piece (6).
7. The window hole structure of the assembled combined connecting beam as claimed in claim 6, wherein the hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) are fixedly connected by lapping, sleeving or welding, and the hidden column horizontal ribs (54) are mutually connected and form an integral inner column body of the shear wall together with the hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and the post-poured concrete.
8. The structure of assembled combination coupling beam window hole of claim 7, wherein the wall studs (5) are arranged in steps from the bottom of the structure to the designed top, each step is a single-story or multi-story, and stud stirrups (53) of the wall studs (5) are arranged at intervals with the wall horizontal reinforcements (42).
9. The manufacturing method of the assembled combined connecting beam window hole component is characterized in that the assembled combined connecting beam window hole component comprises two adjacent shear walls, a top connecting beam (3) connected below a top plate of the shear wall, an inter-window wall (4) connected above a top plate below the shear wall, wall hidden columns (5) connected to two sides of the top connecting beam (3) and the inter-window wall (4) and steel connecting pieces (6) connected into the wall hidden columns (5);
the top connecting beam (3), the inter-window wall (4) and the shear walls on the two sides surround a hole; the top connecting beam (3) is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall (4) between the windows is a full-prefabricated beam;
the wall hidden column (5) is a prefabricated or semi-prefabricated concrete column and comprises a hidden column body (51), hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and hidden column horizontal ribs (54) which are connected inside the hidden column body (51), and hidden column stirrups (53) which are connected to the outer sides of the hidden column longitudinal ribs (52) and are exposed; the hidden column longitudinal bar (52) extends out of the hidden column body (51) or extends out of the hidden column body (51) at the upper vertical end, and the hidden column is horizontally connected with the reinforcing steel bar and/or the steel connecting piece (6) and extends out of the hidden column body (51); the steel connecting piece (6) is of a separate type or a through type, is embedded into the wall hidden column (5), and is wrapped by the hidden column longitudinal rib (52), the hidden column stirrup (53) and the hidden column horizontal rib (54) along the length direction of the steel connecting piece (6);
the manufacturing method of the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component comprises the following specific steps:
firstly, according to the design requirements of a shear wall and by combining the design requirements of detailed structures at the opening of the shear wall, manufacturing shear wall reinforcing steel bars, embedded column longitudinal reinforcements (52) in a wall embedded column (5), embedded column stirrups (53), embedded column horizontal reinforcements (54) and embedded column tie reinforcements (55), manufacturing reinforcing steel bars of a precast beam and semi-precast beams in a top coupling beam (3) and a window wall (4), and manufacturing a steel connecting piece (6);
step two, manufacturing the hidden column longitudinal ribs (52), the hidden column horizontal ribs (54), the hidden column stirrups (53) and the hidden column stirrups (53) into a hidden column reinforcement cage; manufacturing a reinforcement cage of the top connecting beam (3) and the wall between windows (4), and arranging corresponding connecting beam tie bars; the stirrups of the wall hidden columns (5), the top connecting beam (3) and the wall between windows (4) are arranged in a connection area or an area with large shearing force in an encrypted manner; assembling the steel connecting piece (6), the hidden column reinforcement cage and the connecting beam reinforcement cage on the bench formwork into a whole, and horizontally placing;
step three, manufacturing dies of the shear wall, the top connecting beam (3) (the semi-prefabricated beam) and the inter-window wall (4) (the fully-prefabricated wall body (41) at the opening); the steel connecting piece (6), the hidden column steel reinforcement cage and the connecting beam steel reinforcement cage supporting side die which are horizontally placed are surrounded on the bench formwork, wherein the lateral formworks of the window partition wall (4) are respectively positioned at the bottom of the prefabricated window partition wall (4), the top of the prefabricated window partition wall (4), the front end and the rear end of the prefabricated window partition wall (4), the lateral formworks of the top connecting beam (3) are respectively positioned at the bottom of the beam, the top of the prefabricated part of the semi-prefabricated beam, the front end and the rear end of the beam, the stirrups penetrate through the reserved holes of the top side die of the top connecting beam (3), and the lateral formworks of the hidden wall column (5) are positioned at the bottom, the front end, the rear end and the top of the hidden wall column (5;
and step four, pouring concrete, and curing to a preset strength to form the assembled combined connecting beam window opening component.
10. The construction method of the assembled type combined connecting beam window hole structure is characterized in that the assembled type combined connecting beam window hole structure comprises two shear walls which are adjacent up and down, a top connecting beam (3) connected below a top plate of each shear wall, an inter-window wall (4) connected above the top plate of each shear wall, wall hidden columns (5) connected to two sides of the top connecting beam (3) and the inter-window wall (4) and steel connecting pieces (6) connected into the wall hidden columns (5);
the top connecting beam (3), the window partition wall (4) and the shear walls on the two sides enclose a hole in each layer; the window partition walls (4) and the top connecting beams (3) on the upper side and the lower side of the top plate are arranged in a square shape; the top connecting beam (3) is a semi-prefabricated beam, and the wall (4) between the windows is a fully-prefabricated wall body (41); the shear wall above the opening and the shear wall below the opening are connected together through a steel connecting piece (6), and the semi-prefabricated top connecting beam (3) and the corresponding top are poured to complete integral connection with the wall embedded column (5);
the construction method of the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure comprises the following specific steps:
step one, positioning: the upper assembled combined connecting beam window hole component and the lower assembled combined connecting beam window hole component are positioned on site, the oblique supporting piece is installed, the upper steel connecting piece and the lower steel connecting piece (6) are aligned, the corresponding height, horizontal position and verticality are adjusted, and the oblique supporting piece is fixed;
step two, fixed connection, wherein the steel connecting pieces (6) are connected into a whole by welding or bolting, and the longitudinal steel bars of the hidden columns are lapped or welded;
binding field steel bars, binding the longitudinal steel bars, the horizontal steel bars (42), the tie steel bars, the connecting beams and the floor slab steel bars in the field embedded column area according to design requirements, complementarily binding the top longitudinal steel bars and/or the stirrups of the top connecting beam (3), complementarily binding the horizontal steel bars (42) in the horizontal connecting area, and connecting the steel bars into a whole;
step four, field formwork erecting: erecting a template of a cast-in-place area of the top connecting beam (3), erecting a template of a horizontal connecting area and erecting a vertical template of a shear wall area;
and fifthly, pouring concrete and maintaining to a preset strength to form the assembled combined connecting beam window opening structure.
CN202110196915.4A 2021-02-22 2021-02-22 Assembly type combined connecting beam window opening component, structure and manufacturing and construction method Pending CN113026993A (en)

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