CN113000187A - Nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine and processing method thereof - Google Patents

Nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine and processing method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN113000187A
CN113000187A CN202110553153.9A CN202110553153A CN113000187A CN 113000187 A CN113000187 A CN 113000187A CN 202110553153 A CN202110553153 A CN 202110553153A CN 113000187 A CN113000187 A CN 113000187A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
gear
box
shaft
soil
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202110553153.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN113000187B (en
Inventor
张新宗
杜占吉
赵晓磊
李帅
霍永占
王鹤霏
付天池
施凝静
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Xuzhou Zhongkuang geotechnical Technology Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Cumt Geotechnical Engineering & New Technology Development Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110553153.9A priority Critical patent/CN113000187B/en
Publication of CN113000187A publication Critical patent/CN113000187A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN113000187B publication Critical patent/CN113000187B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/83Mixing plants specially adapted for mixing in combination with disintegrating operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/836Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments
    • B01F33/8361Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments with disintegrating
    • B01F33/83611Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments with disintegrating by cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F33/00Other mixers; Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/80Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers
    • B01F33/836Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments
    • B01F33/8361Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments with disintegrating
    • B01F33/83613Mixing plants; Combinations of mixers combining mixing with other treatments with disintegrating by grinding or milling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/40Detachers, e.g. scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/30Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro within their own plane in or approximately in or transverse to the direction of conveyance
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B30PRESSES
    • B30BPRESSES IN GENERAL
    • B30B9/00Presses specially adapted for particular purposes
    • B30B9/30Presses specially adapted for particular purposes for baling; Compression boxes therefor
    • B30B9/305Drive arrangements for the press ram

Abstract

The invention discloses a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine, and belongs to the technical field of nutrient soil screening and separating processing machinery. A screening and separating processing machine for nutrient soil comprises a screen box, a grinding box and a stirring box, wherein the grinding box and the stirring box are fixedly connected to the screen box, the grinding box and the stirring box are mutually communicated, a feeding pipe is fixedly connected to the screen box, an extension pipe is fixedly connected to the feeding pipe, and a feeding hopper is fixedly connected to the extension pipe; the feeding pipe is arranged, and the blades and the crushing cutter are arranged in the feeding pipe, so that added leaves or other additives can be crushed, and the nutrient and soil can be conveniently mixed.

Description

Nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine and processing method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of nutrient soil screening and separating processing machinery, in particular to a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine.
Background
Along with the continuous development of society, the pace of life of people is accelerated continuously, the use of nutrient soil is more and more extensive, the nutrient soil is bed soil which is specially prepared for satisfying the growth and development of seedlings, contains various mineral nutrients, is loose and ventilated, has strong water and fertilizer retention capacity and does not have diseases and insect pests, is suitable for the growth of some indoor ornamental plants, is beneficial to ecological restoration when being applied to regions with poor soil, has wide development prospect, and is developed more and more quickly, a plurality of types of nutrient soil screening and separating processing machines appear in the market at present, but has more or less defects, for example, the nutrient soil cannot be ground and crushed to cause uneven components of the nutrient soil, the addition of nutrient substances is inconvenient, no mechanism for crushing leaves is used when the leaves are added, and the processed nutrient soil is loose, the screening and separating machine for the nutrient soil occupies a large volume when being packaged, so that the space is wasted, and the screening and separating machine for the nutrient soil has the advantages of wide application range, convenience in use, high processing efficiency and good processing quality and has very important significance.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems that no mechanism for crushing and grinding massive soil exists, added leaves cannot be crushed or nutrient soil after processing is loose, and the occupied space is large during packaging in the prior art, and provides a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a nutrition soil screening separation processing machine, includes sieve case, grinds case and agitator tank, grind the equal fixed connection of case and agitator tank on the sieve case, just communicate each other between sieve case, grinding case and the agitator tank, fixedly connected with feeding pipe on the sieve case, fixedly connected with extension pipe on the feeding pipe, fixedly connected with feeding hopper on the extension pipe.
In order to make bold earth can be rejected, it is preferred, sliding connection has the reel in the sieve case, fixedly connected with screen cloth on the reel, fixedly connected with biax motor on the sieve case, the first drive shaft of output fixedly connected with of biax motor, fixedly connected with disc in the first drive shaft, fixedly connected with cylinder pole on the disc, fixedly connected with hollow strip on the sieve frame, cylinder pole sliding connection is in hollow strip.
In order to make the leaf of adding can be smashed, it is preferred, fixedly connected with mounting panel on the reel, fixedly connected with rack on the mounting panel, it is connected with first pivot to throw the material intraductal rotation, from left to right in the first pivot first gear of fixedly connected with, blade, second gear and crushing sword in proper order, the rotation is connected with the second pivot in the extension pipe, fixedly connected with turbine blade in the second pivot, and third gear, the inner wall laminating of turbine blade and extension pipe, third gear and second gear engagement.
In order to make additives such as leaf not by reverse transport, it is further, it is connected with one-way bull stick to rotate on the extension pipe, the top of one-way bull stick is rotated and is connected with one-way gear, one-way gear and rack toothing, the bottom fixedly connected with fourth gear of one-way bull stick, fourth gear and first gear engagement, seted up on the mounting panel and led to the groove with extension pipe complex.
In order to make the installation of throwing the material pipe more firm, it is preferred, the first mounting bracket of fixedly connected with in the extension pipe, the second pivot is rotated and is connected on first mounting bracket, throw intraductal fixedly connected with second mounting bracket of material, first pivot is rotated and is connected on the second mounting bracket, throw the one end fixedly connected with filter screen that keeps away from the sieve case on the material pipe, fixedly connected with third mounting bracket on the extension pipe, one-way bull stick is rotated and is connected on the third mounting bracket, fixedly connected with stiffener on the agitator tank, throw material pipe fixed connection on the stiffener.
In order to ensure that the nutrient soil is compact and space-saving after being processed, preferably, a stirring shaft is rotationally connected in the stirring box, a stirring sheet is fixedly connected on the stirring shaft, the stirring sheet is rotationally connected in the stirring box, a first belt wheel and a fifth gear are fixedly connected on the stirring shaft, a second driving shaft is fixedly connected at the output end of the double-shaft motor, a sixth gear is fixedly connected at the bottom of the second driving shaft and meshed with the fifth gear, a compression box is fixedly connected at the bottom of the stirring box, an L-shaped pressing plate is slidably connected in the compression box and communicated with the stirring box through a leakage hole, a transverse pushing plate is fixedly connected on the L-shaped pressing plate, an L-shaped rotating rod is rotationally connected on the stirring box, a seventh gear is fixedly connected at the top of the L-shaped rotating rod, and an eighth gear is fixedly connected at one end of the stirring shaft, which is far away from the fifth gear, the seventh gear is meshed with the eighth gear, a circular sliding rod is fixedly connected to the bottom of the L-shaped rotating rod, a sliding groove matched with the circular sliding rod is formed in the transverse pushing plate, a box door is rotatably connected to the compression box, and a balancing weight is fixedly connected to the box door.
In order to make bold earth can be ground crushing, it is further, fixedly connected with fourth mounting bracket on the agitator tank, the second drive shaft rotates to be connected on the fourth mounting bracket, it has grinding roller to grind the incasement rotation and be connected with, fixedly connected with second band pulley on the grinding roller, the second band pulley passes through belt and first band pulley swivelling joint.
Furthermore, the grinding box is rotatably connected with an installation shaft, the grinding roller is fixedly connected to the installation shaft, and a transmission gear is fixedly connected to the installation shaft.
In order to separate the massive soil and clean the soil adhered to the grinding roller, preferably, a third rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the grinding box, a third belt wheel is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft, a fourth belt wheel is fixedly connected to the transmission gear, the third belt wheel is rotatably connected to the fourth belt wheel through a belt, a cam is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft, a round bar is fixedly connected to the cam, a hollow block is slidably connected to the round bar, a connecting rod is fixedly connected to the hollow block, a scraper is fixedly connected to the connecting rod, the scraper is slidably connected to the screen box, an L-shaped fixing rod is fixedly connected to the screen box, a first piston cylinder is fixedly connected to the L-shaped fixing rod, a first piston handle is fixedly connected to the connecting rod, the first piston handle is slidably connected to the first piston cylinder, and a second piston cylinder is fixedly connected to the first piston cylinder, the grinding roller is characterized in that a second piston handle is slidably connected in the second piston cylinder, a piston rod is fixedly connected to the second piston handle, a tension spring is sleeved on the piston rod, the top of the tension spring is fixedly connected to the second piston cylinder, the bottom of the tension spring is fixedly connected to the piston rod, a scraper is fixedly connected to the piston rod, and the scraper is attached to the grinding roller.
A processing method of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine comprises the following steps:
s1: starting a double-shaft motor, wherein a first driving shaft and a second driving shaft synchronously rotate at the moment, a disc fixedly connected to the first driving shaft rotates when the first driving shaft rotates, so that a cylindrical rod fixedly connected to the disc rotates around the center of the disc, the cylindrical rod slides relative to a hollow strip at the moment, the hollow strip is fixedly connected to a screen frame, the screen frame slides left and right, soil is placed on the screen mesh at the moment, and small pieces of soil are screened out by the screen mesh and enter a screen box;
s2: when the screen frame moves left and right, the rack fixedly connected to the screen frame also moves synchronously along with the screen frame, when the rack slides right, the rack drives the one-way gear to rotate anticlockwise, at the moment, the one-way gear does not rotate relative to the one-way rotating rod, so that the one-way rotating rod rotates synchronously along with the one-way gear, at the moment, the fourth gear also rotates synchronously, so that the fourth gear drives the first gear to rotate, at the moment, the first rotating shaft rotates, nutrient substances such as leaves are put into the feeding hopper, at the moment, the second gear also rotates along with the first rotating shaft, at the moment, the second gear drives the third gear to rotate, so that the second rotating shaft rotates, so that the turbine blade rotates, so that the material put into the feeding hopper is conveyed into the feeding pipe by the turbine blade, at the moment, the first rotating shaft is in a rotating state, the blade fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft and the crushing cutter rotate, and when, then, the pushed substances are contacted with the crushing knife, crushed and blown into the sieve box, and are primarily mixed with falling soil;
s3: when the rack slides leftwards, the rack drives the one-way gear to rotate clockwise, and the one-way rotating rod can only rotate anticlockwise, so that the one-way rotating rod is kept not to rotate when the one-way gear rotates clockwise, the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft can not rotate, the condition that reverse conveying of materials is influenced by the turbine blades is avoided, and when a mixture of soil and nutrient substances falls into the stirring box, the mixture can be uniformly stirred and mixed by the stirring blades;
s4: the residual large soil after the soil is screened by the screen is pushed by the scraper, the fourth belt wheel fixedly connected with the grinding roller drives the third belt wheel to rotate when the grinding roller rotates, so that the third rotating shaft rotates, the cam also rotates at the moment, the round rod slides in the hollow block, the hollow block can drive the connecting rod to do telescopic motion at the moment, the scraper slides towards the direction of the grinding box, the large soil is pushed into the grinding box at the moment, the scraper pushes the large soil and flattens the soil on the screen at the same time, the screening efficiency is promoted, the first piston handle can slide into the first piston cylinder when the scraper moves towards the direction of the grinding box, the air in the first piston cylinder is pushed into the second piston cylinder at the moment, so that the second piston handle slides downwards, the scraper contacts with the grinding roller and scrapes the soil adhered to the grinding roller at the moment, the tension spring can prevent the scraper from falling under gravity when the first piston handle is separated from the first piston cylinder, the scraper intermittently scrapes the soil to avoid the situation that the abrasion is aggravated due to the fact that the scraper is contacted with a grinding roller for a long time, the massive soil enters the stirring box after being ground by the grinding roller to be mixed, the situation of uneven stirring is avoided, the eighth gear drives the seventh gear to rotate in the rotating process of the stirring shaft, the L-shaped rotating rod rotates, the circular sliding rod at the bottom of the L-shaped rotating rod can slide in the groove on the transverse pushing plate, the transverse pushing plate does circular telescopic motion, the L-shaped pressing plate slides left and right in the compression box, the leakage hole is not blocked when the L-shaped pressing plate slides left, the nutrient soil in the stirring box falls into the compression box, the L-shaped pressing plate slides right, the leakage hole is blocked at the same time, the nutrient soil is pushed and compacted right, and the balancing weight arranged on the box door provides enough resistance, therefore, the pressure generated continuously after the nutrient soil is compacted overcomes the resistance of the balancing weight to push out the compacted nutrient soil, and the space of the nutrient soil can be saved during packaging.
Compared with the prior art, the invention provides a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine which has the following beneficial effects:
1. this native screening separation processing machine of nutrition sieves out bold earth through setting up the screen cloth to prevent that the inhomogeneous condition of nutrition soil mixture from taking place, set up and grind the bold earth and mix after grinding, increase its practicality.
2. This nutrition soil screening separation processing machine sets up blade and crushing sword through setting up the feeding pipe and in its inside and makes the leaf or other additives that add can be smashed, the mixture of the nutrient substance of being convenient for and earth.
3 this native screening separation processing machine of nutrition can be automatic with bold earth propelling movement to grinding incasement through setting up the push pedal, and also can shakeouts the earth on the screen cloth at the propelling movement in-process, helps the screening, and the scraper is followed the whereabouts and will be scraped the earth of adhesion on the grinding roller in the propelling movement, avoids equipment to block, and the scraper is interrupted the contact and is ground the wearing and tearing speed that the roller helps alleviateing scraper and grinding roller simultaneously.
4. This nutrition soil screening separation processing machine makes nutrition soil compress after being processed through setting up L shape push pedal to the space occupation volume has been practiced thrift.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram I of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine provided by the invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram II of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine provided by the invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of part A of FIG. 2 of a machine for screening and separating nutrient soil according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a screen frame of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a grinding roller of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a cam of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a first piston cylinder and a second piston cylinder of the nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine provided by the invention.
In the figure: 1. a screen box; 101. a screen frame; 1011. screening a screen; 1012. mounting a plate; 1013. a rack; 1014. a hollow bar; 102. a double-shaft motor; 1021. a first drive shaft; 1022. a disc; 1023. a cylindrical rod; 1024. a second drive shaft; 1025. a sixth gear; 2. a stirring box; 201. a stirring shaft; 2011. a stirring sheet; 2012. a first pulley; 2013. a fifth gear; 2014. an eighth gear; 202. a leak hole; 203. a compression box; 204. a reinforcing bar; 205. a fourth mounting bracket; 3. a feeding pipe; 3001. a second mounting bracket; 3002. filtering with a screen; 301. a first rotating shaft; 3011. a blade; 3012. a crushing knife; 3013. a first gear; 3014. a second gear; 302. a unidirectional rotating rod; 3021. a one-way gear; 3022. a fourth gear; 3023. a third mounting bracket; 4. an extension pipe; 401. a feeding hopper; 402. a second rotating shaft; 4021. a turbine blade; 4022. a first mounting bracket; 4023. a third gear; 5. grinding a box; 501. a grinding roller; 5011. installing a shaft; 5012. a transmission gear; 5013. a second pulley; 5014. a fourth pulley; 6. a third rotating shaft; 6001. a third belt pulley; 601. a cam; 6011. a round bar; 602. a connecting rod; 6021. a squeegee; 6022. a first piston shank; 6023. a hollow block; 603. a first piston cylinder; 6031. an L-shaped fixing rod; 6032. a second piston cylinder; 6033. a piston rod; 6034. a second piston shank; 6035. a scraper; 6036. a tension spring; 7. an L-shaped pressing plate; 701. a transverse push plate; 702. an L-shaped rotating rod; 7021. a circular slide bar; 7022. a seventh gear; 703. a box door; 7031. and a balancing weight.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.
Example 1:
referring to fig. 1-7, a screening separation processing machine for nutrient soil comprises a screen box 1, a grinding box 5 and a stirring box 2, wherein the grinding box 5 and the stirring box 2 are both fixedly connected to the screen box 1, the grinding box 5 and the stirring box 2 are communicated with each other, a feeding pipe 3 is fixedly connected to the screen box 1, an extension pipe 4 is fixedly connected to the feeding pipe 3, and a feeding hopper 401 is fixedly connected to the extension pipe 4.
Example 2:
referring to fig. 1-7, substantially the same as embodiment 1, further, a screen frame 101 is slidably connected to the screen box 1, a screen 1011 is fixedly connected to the screen frame 101, the screen 1011 removes large soil blocks, a dual-shaft motor 102 is fixedly connected to the screen box 1, a first driving shaft 1021 is fixedly connected to an output end of the dual-shaft motor 102, a disc 1022 is fixedly connected to the first driving shaft 1021, a cylindrical rod 1023 is fixedly connected to the disc 1022, a hollow bar 1014 is fixedly connected to the screen frame 101, the cylindrical rod 1023 is slidably connected to the hollow bar 1014, a mounting plate 1012 is fixedly connected to the screen frame 101, a rack 1013 is fixedly connected to the mounting plate 1012, a first rotating shaft 301 is rotatably connected to the feeding pipe 3, a first gear 3013, blades 3011, a second gear 3014 and a crushing blade 3012 are sequentially and fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft 301 from left to right, a second rotating shaft 402 is rotatably connected to the extension, the second rotating shaft 402 is fixedly connected with a turbine blade 4021 and a third gear 4023, the turbine blade 4021 is attached to the inner wall of the extension pipe 4, the third gear 4023 is meshed with the second gear 3014, the blade 3011 blows the additive into the screen box 1, the crushing blade 3012 crushes the additive, and the turbine blade 4021 conveys the additive in the feeding hopper 401 downwards.
Example 3:
referring to fig. 1-7, substantially the same as in embodiment 1, further, a one-way rotating rod 302 is rotatably connected to the extension pipe 4, the one-way rotating rod 302 only rotates counterclockwise, so that the turbine blade 4021 does not reversely deliver the additive, a one-way gear 3021 is rotatably connected to the top of the one-way rotating rod 302, the one-way gear 3021 is engaged with the rack 1013, a fourth gear 3022 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the one-way rotating rod 302, the fourth gear 3022 is engaged with the first gear 3013, a through slot matched with the extension pipe 4 is formed on the mounting plate 1012, a first mounting bracket 4022 is fixedly connected to the extension pipe 4, a second rotating shaft 402 is rotatably connected to the first mounting bracket 4022, a second mounting bracket 3001 is fixedly connected to the feeding pipe 3, a filter screen 3002 is fixedly connected to one end of the first rotating shaft 301 far from the screen box 1, a third mounting bracket 3023 is fixedly connected to the extension pipe 4, one-way bull stick 302 rotates to be connected on third mounting bracket 3023, fixedly connected with stiffener 204 on agitator tank 2, throws material pipe 3 fixed connection on stiffener 204, and stiffener 204 is fixed feeding pipe 3's installation.
Example 4:
referring to fig. 1-7, substantially the same as in embodiment 1, further, a stirring shaft 201 is rotatably connected to the stirring box 2, a stirring blade 2011 is fixedly connected to the stirring shaft 201, the soil and the additives falling into the stirring box 2 are uniformly stirred and mixed by the stirring blade 2011, the stirring blade 2011 is rotatably connected to the stirring box 2, a first pulley 2012 and a fifth gear 2013 are fixedly connected to the stirring shaft 201, a second driving shaft 1024 is fixedly connected to an output end of the biaxial motor 102, a sixth gear 1025 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the second driving shaft 1024, the sixth gear 1025 is engaged with the fifth gear 2013, a compression box 203 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the stirring box 2, an L-shaped pressing plate 7 is slidably connected to the compression box 203, the compression box 203 is communicated with the stirring box 2 through a leakage hole 202, a transverse pushing plate 701 is fixedly connected to the L-shaped pressing plate 7, an L-shaped rotating rod 702 is, the top fixedly connected with seventh gear 7022 of L shape bull stick 702, the one end fixedly connected with eighth gear 2014 of fifth gear 2013 is kept away from to (mixing) shaft 201, seventh gear 7022 and eighth gear 2014 meshing, L shape bull stick 702 bottom fixedly connected with circle slide bar 7021, set up the spout with circle slide bar 7021 complex on the horizontal push pedal 701, it is connected with chamber door 703 to rotate on the compression box 203, fixedly connected with balancing weight 7031 on the chamber door 703, fixedly connected with fourth mounting bracket 205 on the agitator tank 2, second drive shaft 1024 rotates to be connected on fourth mounting bracket 205, grinding box 5 is connected with internal rotation grinding roller 501, fixedly connected with second band pulley 5013 on grinding roller 501, second band pulley 5013 rotates through belt and first band pulley 2012 and is connected.
Example 5:
referring to fig. 1 to 7, substantially the same as in embodiment 1, further, a grinding roller 501 is rotatably connected in the grinding box 5, large clay is pushed into the grinding box 5 by manual pushing, the grinding roller 501 rotates to grind and grind the large clay, a second pulley 5013 is fixedly connected to the grinding roller 501, the second pulley 5013 is rotatably connected to the first pulley 2012 by a belt, an installation shaft 5011 is rotatably connected in the grinding box 5, the grinding roller 501 is fixedly connected to the installation shaft 5011, and a transmission gear 5012 is fixedly connected to the installation shaft 5011.
Example 6:
referring to fig. 1 to 7, substantially the same as in embodiment 1, further, a third rotating shaft 6 is rotatably connected to the grinding box 5, a third pulley 6001 is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft 6, a fourth pulley 5014 is fixedly connected to the transmission gear 5012, the third pulley 6001 is rotatably connected to the fourth pulley 5014 through a belt, a cam 601 is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft 6, a round bar 6011 is fixedly connected to the cam 601, a hollow block 6023 is slidably connected to the round bar 6011, a connecting rod 602 is fixedly connected to the hollow block 6023, a scraper 6021 is fixedly connected to the connecting rod 602, the scraper 6021 is slidably connected to the sieve box 1, an L-shaped fixing rod 6031 is fixedly connected to the sieve box 1, a first piston barrel 603 is fixedly connected to the L-shaped fixing rod 6031, a first piston handle 6022 is fixedly connected to the connecting rod 602, the first piston handle 6022 is slidably connected to the first piston barrel 603, a second piston barrel 6032 is fixedly connected to the first piston barrel 603, sliding connection has second piston handle 6034 in the second piston section of thick bamboo 6032, fixedly connected with piston rod 6033 on the second piston handle 6034, extension spring 6036 has been cup jointed on the piston rod 6033, top fixed connection of extension spring 6036 is on second piston section of thick bamboo 6032, bottom fixed connection of extension spring 6036 is on piston rod 6033, fixedly connected with scraper 6035 on the piston rod 6033, scraper 6035 and grinding roller 501 laminate, push pedal 6021 can be automatic with bold earth propelling movement to grinding box 5 in, and also can flatten the earth on the screen cloth 1011 at the propelling movement in-process, help the screening, scraper 6035 follows the whereabouts and scrapes the earth of adhesion on grinding roller 501 down in the propelling movement of push pedal 6021, avoid equipment to block, simultaneously scraper 6035 is interrupted the contact and is ground roller 501 and is helped alleviateing the wearing and tearing speed of scraper 6035 and grinding roller 501.
A processing method of a nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine comprises the following steps:
s1: starting the dual-shaft motor 102, wherein the first driving shaft 1021 and the second driving shaft 1024 synchronously rotate, the disc 1022 fixedly connected to the first driving shaft 1021 rotates when the first driving shaft 1021 rotates, so that the cylindrical rod 1023 fixedly connected to the disc 1022 rotates around the center of the disc 1022, the cylindrical rod 1023 slides relative to the hollow bar 1014, the hollow bar 1014 is fixedly connected to the screen frame 101, the screen frame 101 slides left and right, soil is placed on the screen 1011, and small pieces of soil are screened out by the screen 1011 and enter the screen box 1;
s2: when the screen frame 101 moves left and right, the rack 1013 fixedly connected to the screen frame 101 also moves synchronously with the screen frame 101, when the rack 1013 slides right, the one-way gear 3021 is driven to rotate counterclockwise, at this time, the one-way gear 3021 does not rotate relative to the one-way rotating rod 302, so that the one-way rotating rod 302 rotates synchronously with the one-way gear 3021, at this time, the fourth gear 3022 also rotates synchronously, so that the fourth gear 3022 drives the first gear 3013 to rotate, at this time, the first rotating shaft 301 rotates, nutrient substances such as leaves are put into the feeding hopper 401, the second gear 3014 also rotates when the first rotating shaft 301 rotates, at this time, the second gear 3014 drives the third gear 4023 to rotate, so that the second rotating shaft 402 rotates, so that the substance put into the feeding hopper 401 is conveyed into the feeding pipe 4023 by the turbine blade 1, at this time, the first rotating shaft 301 is in a rotating state, and the blade 3011 fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft 301 and the crushing knife 3012 rotate, when the blades 3011 rotate, the materials in the feeding pipe 3 are pushed rightwards, and then the pushed materials are contacted with the crushing knife 3012, crushed and blown into the screen box 1 to be primarily mixed with falling soil;
s3: when the rack 1013 slides leftwards, the rack will drive the one-way gear 3021 to rotate clockwise, and the one-way rotating rod 302 can only rotate anticlockwise, so that the one-way rotating rod 302 is kept not to rotate when the one-way gear 3021 rotates clockwise, and the first rotating shaft 301 and the second rotating shaft 402 cannot rotate, thereby avoiding the situation that the turbine blade 4021 will affect the reverse transportation of the materials, and when the mixture of the soil and the nutrient substances falls into the stirring box 2, the mixture of the soil and the nutrient substances is uniformly stirred and mixed by the stirring blade 2011;
s4: the remaining large mud after the mud is screened by the screen 1011 is pushed by the scraper 6021, when the grinding roller 501 rotates, the fourth pulley 5014 fixedly connected to the grinding roller 501 drives the third pulley 6001 to rotate, so that the third rotating shaft 6 rotates, at this time, the cam 601 also rotates, so that the round rod 6011 slides in the hollow block 6023, at this time, the hollow block 6023 drives the connecting rod 602 to make telescopic movement, so that the scraper 6021 slides in the direction of the grinding box 5, at this time, the large mud is pushed into the grinding box 5, and at the same time, the scraper 6021 pushes the large mud and flattens the mud on the screen 1011, which contributes to the efficiency of screening, when the scraper 6021 moves in the direction of the grinding box 5, the first piston stem 6022 slides into the first piston barrel 603, at this time, the air in the first piston barrel 603 is pushed into the second piston barrel 6032, so that the second piston stem 6034 slides downwards, and the scraper 6035 contacts the grinding roller 501 and scrapes the mud adhered to the grinding roller 501, the tension spring 6036 can prevent the scraper 6035 from falling under gravity when the first piston handle 6022 is separated from the first piston cylinder 603, the scraper 6035 intermittently scrapes off soil to avoid the condition that the abrasion is aggravated due to the fact that the scraper 6035 is contacted with the grinding roller 501 for a long time, large soil enters the stirring box 2 after being ground by the grinding roller 501 to participate in mixing, the condition of uneven stirring is avoided, the eighth gear 2014 drives the seventh gear 7022 to rotate in the rotating process of the stirring shaft 201, so that the L-shaped rotating rod 702 rotates, the circular sliding rod 7021 at the bottom of the L-shaped rotating rod 702 slides in the groove on the transverse pushing plate 701, the transverse pushing plate 701 circularly extends and retracts, the L-shaped pressing plate 7 slides left and right in the compression box 203, when the L-shaped pressing plate 7 slides left, the leakage hole 202 is not blocked, so that nutrient soil in the stirring box 2 falls into the compression box 203, and then the L-shaped pressing plate 7 slides right, simultaneously, the leak hole 202 is blocked, the nutrient soil is pushed and compacted rightwards, the balancing weight 7031 arranged on the box door 703 provides enough resistance, so that the pressure generated continuously after the nutrient soil is compacted overcomes the resistance of the balancing weight 7031 to push out the compacted nutrient soil, and the space of the nutrient soil can be saved during packaging.
The working principle is as follows: in the present invention, when the dual-shaft motor 102 is started, the first driving shaft 1021 and the second driving shaft 1024 rotate synchronously, when the first driving shaft 1021 rotates, the disc 1022 fixedly connected to the first driving shaft 1021 rotates, so that the cylindrical rod 1023 fixedly connected to the disc 1022 rotates around the center of the disc 1022, when the cylindrical rod 1023 slides relative to the hollow rod 1014, and the hollow rod 1014 is fixedly connected to the screen frame 101, so that the screen frame 101 slides left and right, when soil is placed on the screen 1011, small pieces of soil are screened out by the screen 1011 and enter the screen box 1, when the screen frame 101 moves left and right, the rack 1013 fixedly connected to the screen frame 101 also follows the screen frame 101 to synchronously move, when the rack 1013 slides right, the one-way gear 3021 is driven to rotate counterclockwise, when the one-way gear 3021 does not rotate relative to the one-way rotating rod 302, so that the one-way rotating rod 302 follows the one-way gear 3021 to synchronously rotate, at this time, the fourth gear 3022 also synchronously rotates, so that the fourth gear 3022 drives the first gear 3013 to rotate, at this time, the first rotating shaft 301 rotates, nutrient substances such as leaves are put into the feeding hopper 401, the second gear 3014 also rotates when the first rotating shaft 301 rotates, at this time, the second gear 3014 drives the third gear 4023 to rotate, so that the second rotating shaft 402 rotates, so that the turbine blade 4021 rotates, so that the substance put into the feeding hopper 401 is conveyed into the feeding pipe 3 by the turbine blade 4021, at this time, the first rotating shaft 301 is in a rotating state, the blade 3011 and the crushing knife 3012 fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft 301 rotate, when the blade 3011 rotates, the substance in the feeding pipe 3 is pushed to the right, then the pushed substance contacts with the crushing knife 3012 and is crushed and then blown into the screen box 1 to be primarily mixed with the fallen soil, when the rack 1013 slides to the left, the one-way gear 3021 is driven to rotate clockwise, the one-way rotating rod 302 can only rotate anticlockwise, so that the one-way rotating rod 302 is kept not to rotate when the one-way gear 3021 rotates clockwise, the first rotating shaft 301 and the second rotating shaft 402 can not rotate, the situation that the turbine blade 4021 affects reverse material transportation is avoided, when a mixture of soil and nutrient materials falls into the stirring box 2, the mixture is uniformly stirred and mixed by the stirring blade 2011, residual massive soil after the soil is screened by the screen 1011 is pushed by the scraper 6021, when the grinding roller 501 rotates, the fourth pulley 5014 fixedly connected to the grinding roller 501 drives the third pulley 6001 to rotate, so that the third rotating shaft 6 rotates, at the moment, the cam 601 also rotates, so that the round rod 6011 slides in the hollow block 6023, at the moment, the hollow block 6023 drives the connecting rod 602 to do telescopic motion, so that the scraper 6021 slides towards the grinding box 5, at the moment, massive soil is pushed into the grinding box 5, when the scraper 6021 pushes the large clay and simultaneously flattens the clay on the screen 1011, which is helpful to improve the screening efficiency, when the scraper 6021 moves toward the grinding box 5, the first piston handle 6022 slides into the first piston barrel 603, at this time, the air in the first piston barrel 603 is pushed into the second piston barrel 6032, so that the second piston handle 6034 slides downward, at this time, the scraper 6035 contacts with the grinding roller 501 and scrapes the clay adhered on the grinding roller 501, the tension spring 6036 can prevent the scraper 6035 from falling by gravity when the first piston handle 6022 is separated from the first piston barrel 603, the scraper 6035 intermittently scrapes the clay to avoid the condition that the scraper 6035 contacts with the grinding roller 501 for a long time to cause the abrasion aggravation, the large clay enters the stirring box 2 after being ground by the grinding roller 501 to participate in mixing, the uneven stirring is avoided, the eighth gear 2014 drives the seventh gear 7022 to rotate during the rotation of the stirring shaft 201, thereby L shape bull stick 702 rotates, the circle slide bar 7021 of L shape bull stick 702 bottom this moment just can slide in the groove on horizontal push pedal 701, thereby horizontal push pedal 701 is the cyclic extension and retraction motion, L shape clamp plate 7 slides from side to side in compression case 203 this moment, leak hole 202 does not receive the jam when L shape clamp plate 7 slides left so that the nutrition soil in agitator tank 2 falls to the compression case 203 in, L shape clamp plate 7 slides right afterwards, block up leak hole 202 simultaneously, again promote the compaction right with nutrition soil, the balancing weight 7031 that is equipped with on the chamber door 703 provides sufficient resistance, thereby make the nutrition soil after the compaction continue to produce after the compaction overcome the resistance of balancing weight 7031 and push out the nutrition soil after the compaction, thereby make nutrition soil can practice thrift the space when packing.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. A screening and separating processing machine for nutrient soil comprises a screen box (1), a grinding box (5) and a stirring box (2), and is characterized in that the grinding box (5) and the stirring box (2) are fixedly connected to the screen box (1), the grinding box (5) and the stirring box (2) are communicated with each other, a feeding pipe (3) is fixedly connected to the screen box (1), an extension pipe (4) is fixedly connected to the feeding pipe (3), and a feeding hopper (401) is fixedly connected to the extension pipe (4); sliding connection has reel (101) in sieve case (1), fixedly connected with screen cloth (1011) is gone up in reel (101), fixedly connected with double-shaft motor (102) is gone up in sieve case (1), the first drive shaft (1021) of output fixedly connected with of double-shaft motor (102), fixedly connected with disc (1022) is gone up in first drive shaft (1021), fixedly connected with cylinder pole (1023) is gone up in disc (1022), fixedly connected with has hollow strip (1014) on sieve case (101), cylinder pole (1023) sliding connection is in hollow strip (1014).
2. The nutrient soil screening, separating and processing machine as claimed in claim 3, wherein a mounting plate (1012) is fixedly connected to the screen frame (101), a rack (1013) is fixedly connected to the mounting plate (1012), a first rotating shaft (301) is rotatably connected to the feeding pipe (3), a first gear (3013), a blade (3011), a second gear (3014) and a crushing knife (3012) are fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft (301) from left to right in sequence, a second rotating shaft (402) is rotatably connected to the extension pipe (4), a turbine blade (4021) and a third gear (4023) are fixedly connected to the second rotating shaft (402), the turbine blade (4021) is attached to the inner wall of the extension pipe (4), and the third gear (4023) is engaged with the second gear (3014).
3. The machine for screening, separating and processing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 2, wherein the extension pipe (4) is rotatably connected with a one-way rotating rod (302), the top of the one-way rotating rod (302) is rotatably connected with a one-way gear (3021), the one-way gear (3021) is engaged with a rack (1013), the bottom of the one-way rotating rod (302) is fixedly connected with a fourth gear (3022), the fourth gear (3022) is engaged with a first gear (3013), and the mounting plate (1012) is provided with a through groove matched with the extension pipe (4).
4. A machine for screening, separating and processing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 3, wherein a first mounting rack (4022) is fixedly connected in the extension pipe (4), the second rotating shaft (402) is rotatably connected to the first mounting rack (4022), a second mounting rack (3001) is fixedly connected in the feeding pipe (3), the first rotating shaft (301) is rotatably connected to the second mounting rack (3001), a filter screen (3002) is fixedly connected to one end of the feeding pipe (3) far away from the screen box (1), a third mounting rack (3023) is fixedly connected to the extension pipe (4), the one-way rotating rod (302) is rotatably connected to the third mounting rack (3023), a reinforcing rod (204) is fixedly connected to the stirring box (2), and the feeding pipe (3) is fixedly connected to the reinforcing rod (204).
5. The nutrient soil screening separation processing machine according to claim 4, characterized in that a stirring shaft (201) is rotationally connected in the stirring box (2), stirring blades (2011) are fixedly connected on the stirring shaft (201), the stirring blades (2011) are rotationally connected in the stirring box (2), a first belt wheel (2012) and a fifth gear (2013) are fixedly connected on the stirring shaft (201), a second driving shaft (1024) is fixedly connected at the output end of the double-shaft motor (102), a sixth gear (1025) is fixedly connected at the bottom of the second driving shaft (1024), the sixth gear (1025) is meshed with the fifth gear (2013), a compression box (203) is fixedly connected at the bottom of the stirring box (2), an L-shaped pressing plate (7) is slidably connected in the compression box (203), and the compression box (203) is communicated with the stirring box (2) through a leakage hole (202), horizontal push pedal (701) of fixedly connected with on L shape clamp plate (7), it is connected with L shape bull stick (702) to rotate on agitator tank (2), top fixedly connected with seventh gear (7022) of L shape bull stick (702), one end fixedly connected with eighth gear (2014) of fifth gear (2013) are kept away from (mixing) shaft (201), seventh gear (7022) and eighth gear (2014) meshing, L shape bull stick (702) bottom fixedly connected with circle slide bar (7021), set up on horizontal push pedal (701) with circle slide bar (7021) complex spout, it is connected with chamber door (703) to rotate on compression case (203), fixedly connected with balancing weight (7031) on chamber door (703).
6. A machine for screening, separating and processing nutrient soil according to claim 5, characterized in that a fourth mounting frame (205) is fixedly connected to the stirring box (2), the second driving shaft (1024) is rotatably connected to the fourth mounting frame (205), a grinding roller (501) is rotatably connected to the grinding box (5), a second belt wheel (5013) is fixedly connected to the grinding roller (501), and the second belt wheel (5013) is rotatably connected to the first belt wheel (2012) through a belt.
7. The machine for screening, separating and processing nutrient soil as claimed in claim 6, wherein a mounting shaft (5011) is rotatably connected in the grinding box (5), the grinding roller (501) is fixedly connected to the mounting shaft (5011), and a transmission gear (5012) is fixedly connected to the mounting shaft (5011).
8. The nutrient soil screening, separating and processing machine of claim 7, wherein a third rotating shaft (6) is rotatably connected to the grinding box (5), a third belt wheel (6001) is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft (6), a fourth belt wheel (5014) is fixedly connected to the transmission gear (5012), the third belt wheel (6001) is rotatably connected to the fourth belt wheel (5014) through a belt, a cam (601) is fixedly connected to the third rotating shaft (6), a round bar (6011) is fixedly connected to the cam (601), a hollow block (6023) is slidably connected to the round bar (6011), a connecting rod (602) is fixedly connected to the hollow block (6023), a scraper (6021) is fixedly connected to the connecting rod (602), the scraper (6021) is slidably connected to the screen box (1), and an L-shaped fixing rod (6031) is fixedly connected to the screen box (1), fixedly connected with first piston cylinder (603) on L shape dead lever (6031), fixedly connected with first piston handle (6022) is gone up in connecting rod (602), first piston handle (6022) sliding connection is in first piston cylinder (603), fixedly connected with second piston cylinder (6032) is gone up in first piston cylinder (603), sliding connection has second piston handle (6034) in second piston cylinder (6032), fixedly connected with piston rod (6033) is gone up in second piston handle (6034), extension spring (6036) has been cup jointed on piston rod (6033), the top fixed connection of extension spring (6036) is on second piston cylinder (6032), the bottom fixed connection of extension spring (6036) is on piston rod (6033), fixedly connected with scraper (6035) is gone up in piston rod (6033), scraper (6035) and grinding roller (501) laminating.
9. A method for processing a nutrient soil screening and separating processor as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 8, which comprises the following steps:
s1: starting a double-shaft motor (102), wherein a first driving shaft (1021) and a second driving shaft (1024) synchronously rotate, a disc (1022) fixedly connected to the first driving shaft (1021) rotates when the first driving shaft (1021) rotates, so that a cylindrical rod (1023) fixedly connected to the disc (1022) rotates around the center of the disc (1022), the cylindrical rod (1023) slides relative to a hollow bar (1014), the hollow bar (1014) is fixedly connected to a screen frame (101), the screen frame (101) slides left and right, soil is placed on a screen mesh (1011), and small pieces of soil are screened out by the screen mesh (1011) and enter a screen box (1);
s2: when the screen frame (101) moves left and right, the rack (1013) fixedly connected to the screen frame (101) also moves synchronously with the screen frame (101), when the rack (1013) slides right, the one-way gear (3021) is driven to rotate anticlockwise, at the same time, the one-way gear (3021) does not rotate relative to the one-way rotating rod (302), so that the one-way rotating rod (302) rotates synchronously with the one-way gear (3021), at the same time, the fourth gear (3022) rotates synchronously, so that the fourth gear (3022) drives the first gear (3013) to rotate, at the same time, the first rotating shaft (301) rotates, nutrient substances such as leaves are put into the feeding hopper (401), when the first rotating shaft (301) rotates, the second gear (3014) also rotates, at the same time, the second gear (3014) drives the third gear (4023) to rotate, so that the second rotating shaft (402) rotates, so that the turbine plate (4021) rotates, and therefore, the substances put into the feeding hopper (401) are conveyed into the turbine plate (4023) by the turbine plate (4021), at the moment, the first rotating shaft (301) is in a rotating state, the blade (3011) and the crushing knife (3012) which are fixedly connected to the first rotating shaft (301) rotate, the blade (3011) pushes the substances in the feeding pipe (3) rightwards when rotating, and then the pushed substances are contacted with the crushing knife (3012), crushed and blown into the screen box (1) to be primarily mixed with falling soil;
s3: when the rack (1013) slides leftwards, the rack can drive the one-way gear (3021) to rotate clockwise, and the one-way rotating rod (302) can only rotate anticlockwise, so that the one-way rotating rod (302) is kept not to rotate when the one-way gear (3021) rotates clockwise, and the first rotating shaft (301) and the second rotating shaft (402) can not rotate, so that the situation that the reverse conveying of substances is influenced by the turbine blades (4021) is avoided, and when a mixture of soil and nutrient substances falls into the stirring box (2), the mixture can be uniformly stirred and mixed by the stirring blades (2011);
s4: the residual large mud after the mud is screened by the screen (1011) is pushed by the scraper (6021), when the grinding roller (501) rotates, the fourth belt wheel (5014) fixedly connected with the grinding roller (501) drives the third belt wheel (6001) to rotate, so that the third rotating shaft (6) rotates, at the same time, the cam (601) also rotates, so that the round rod (6011) slides in the hollow block (6023), at the same time, the hollow block (6023) drives the connecting rod (602) to do telescopic motion, so that the scraper (6021) slides towards the direction of the grinding box (5), at the same time, the large mud is pushed into the grinding box (5), and the scraper (6021) pushes the large mud and flattens the mud on the screen (1011) at the same time, which is beneficial to improving the screening efficiency, when the scraper (6021) moves towards the direction of the grinding box (5), the first piston handle (6022) slides into the first piston barrel (603), at the moment, air in the first piston cylinder (603) is pushed to enter the second piston cylinder (6032), so that the second piston handle (6034) slides downwards, at the moment, the scraper (6035) contacts the grinding roller (501) and scrapes off soil adhered to the grinding roller (501), the tension spring (6036) can prevent the scraper (6035) from falling under the gravity when the first piston handle (6022) is separated from the first piston cylinder (603), the scraper (6035) intermittently scrapes off the soil, the condition that the scraper (6035) is contacted with the grinding roller (501) for a long time to cause abrasion is avoided, large soil enters the stirring box (2) for mixing after being ground by the grinding roller (501), the condition of uneven stirring is avoided, the eighth gear (2014) drives the seventh gear (7022) to rotate in the rotating process of the stirring shaft (201), so that the L-shaped rotating rod (702) rotates, and at the moment, a circular push plate (7021) at the bottom of the L-shaped rotating rod (702) slides in a transverse sliding groove (701), thereby horizontal push pedal (701) is the cyclic extension and retraction motion, L shape clamp plate (7) slide left and right in compression case (203) this moment, leak hole (202) do not receive the jam when L shape clamp plate (7) slide left so that the nutrition soil in agitator tank (2) falls in compression case (203), L shape clamp plate (7) slide right afterwards, simultaneously block up leak hole (202), promote the compaction right again with nutrition soil, balancing weight (7031) that are equipped with on chamber door (703) provide sufficient resistance, thereby make the nutrition soil push out after the compaction the resistance that continues to produce pressure to overcome balancing weight (7031) after the compaction.
CN202110553153.9A 2021-05-20 2021-05-20 Nutrient soil screening and separating processing machine and processing method thereof Active CN113000187B (en)

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