CN112985878A - Environment geological sampling device - Google Patents

Environment geological sampling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112985878A
CN112985878A CN202110155548.3A CN202110155548A CN112985878A CN 112985878 A CN112985878 A CN 112985878A CN 202110155548 A CN202110155548 A CN 202110155548A CN 112985878 A CN112985878 A CN 112985878A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
arc
shaped plate
sampling
column casing
assembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202110155548.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋家军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong Weifang Foundation Engineering Co ltd
Shandong Fourth Geological Mineral Investigation and Exploration Institute
Original Assignee
Shandong Weifang Foundation Engineering Co ltd
Shandong Fourth Geological Mineral Investigation and Exploration Institute
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong Weifang Foundation Engineering Co ltd, Shandong Fourth Geological Mineral Investigation and Exploration Institute filed Critical Shandong Weifang Foundation Engineering Co ltd
Priority to CN202110155548.3A priority Critical patent/CN112985878A/en
Publication of CN112985878A publication Critical patent/CN112985878A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N1/00Sampling; Preparing specimens for investigation
    • G01N1/02Devices for withdrawing samples
    • G01N1/04Devices for withdrawing samples in the solid state, e.g. by cutting

Abstract

The invention provides an environmental geological sampling device, which belongs to the technical field of environmental monitoring and comprises a column casing, wherein a sampling assembly and a first driving assembly for driving the sampling assembly to move up and down are arranged in the column casing; the sampling assembly comprises a first arc-shaped plate and a second arc-shaped plate which are oppositely arranged, the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate can be enclosed into a cylindrical structure, and a sampling notch is formed in one side, opposite to the second arc-shaped plate, of the first arc-shaped plate. In the embodiment of the invention, the first driving assembly drives the sampling assembly to move up and down, so that the sampling assembly is inserted into the soil layer and then takes out the soil, the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate are driven to be away from each other through the second driving assembly after sampling analysis, and the soil in the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate is automatically discharged.

Description

Environment geological sampling device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of environmental monitoring, and particularly relates to an environmental geological sampling device.
Background
The geological exploration can be understood as geological work in a broad sense, and is the investigation and research work on geological conditions such as rocks, stratum structures, mineral products, underground water, landforms and the like in a certain area by applying geological exploration methods such as mapping, geophysical exploration, geochemical prospecting, drilling, pit exploration, sampling test, geological remote sensing and the like according to the needs of economic construction, national defense construction and scientific and technical development.
At present, when surveying to the soil layer, need utilize the instrument of fetching earth to take a sample ground and the soil of ground depths, current instrument of fetching earth structure is comparatively simple, mostly drills into ground depths with the sample thief rod, can take out along with the sample thief rod after soil gets into the sample thief rod inside, nevertheless get into the inside soil of sample thief rod owing to by the compaction, be difficult to follow the inside extraction of sample thief rod, and then influence follow-up further analysis to soil, also influence subsequent reuse simultaneously.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, an embodiment of the present invention provides an environmental geological sampling device.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
an environment geological sampling device comprises a column casing, wherein a sampling assembly and a first driving assembly for driving the sampling assembly to move up and down are arranged in the column casing;
the sampling assembly comprises a first arc-shaped plate and a second arc-shaped plate which are oppositely arranged, the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate can be enclosed into a cylindrical structure, sampling notches are formed in the opposite sides of the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate, extension rods are fixedly arranged on the sides, away from each other, of the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate, and the tail ends of the extension rods stretch and are elastically matched with supporting seats;
the first driving assembly comprises a lead screw which vertically penetrates through the supporting seat and is in threaded fit with the supporting seat, the upper end of the lead screw is rotatably connected with the top of the column casing, a driven gear is fixedly arranged on the lead screw, a motor is fixedly arranged on the upper part of the column casing, the output end of the motor is connected with a driving gear through a rotating shaft, and the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear;
and a second driving assembly used for driving the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate to be away from each other is further arranged inside the column casing.
As a further improvement of the invention: the second drive assembly is in including fixed setting the dead lever and the fixed setting of column casing inner wall are in the terminal gag lever post of dead lever, the through-hole that link up to the bottom is seted up on extension rod upper portion, the gag lever post bottom is provided with the inclined plane, the inclined plane can act on through-hole upper portion edge removes to the supporting seat direction in order to order about the extension rod.
As a further improvement of the invention: an inner cavity is formed in one end of the supporting seat, and the tail end of the extension rod extends into the inner cavity and is connected with the bottom of the inner cavity through an elastic body.
As a further improvement of the invention: the elastic body is a spring.
As a still further improvement of the invention: the inner wall of the column casing is fixedly provided with vertically distributed guide rails, and one end of the support seat, which is far away from the extension rod, is in sliding fit with the guide rails through a sliding block.
As a still further improvement of the invention: the bottom of the first arc-shaped plate and the bottom of the second arc-shaped plate are both provided with cutting parts.
As a still further improvement of the invention: and a base is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the bottom of the column casing.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
in the embodiment of the invention, the first driving assembly drives the sampling assembly to move up and down, so that the sampling assembly is inserted into the soil layer and then takes out the soil, the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate are driven to be away from each other through the second driving assembly after sampling analysis, and the soil in the first arc-shaped plate and the second arc-shaped plate is automatically discharged.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an environmental geological sampling apparatus;
FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of a sampling assembly of an environmental geological sampling apparatus;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of area A of FIG. 1;
in the figure: 1-base, 2-column, 3-screw, 4-guide rail, 5-sampling component, 6-slide block, 7-limit rod, 8-fixed rod, 9-driven gear, 10-driving gear, 11-motor, 12-first arc plate, 13-sampling gap, 14-extension rod, 15-through hole, 16-second arc plate, 17-support seat, 18-inner cavity, 19-elastic body and 20-inclined plane.
Detailed Description
The technical solution of the present patent will be described in further detail with reference to the following embodiments.
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present patent, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary only for the purpose of explaining the present patent and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent.
In the description of this patent, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for the convenience of describing the patent and for the simplicity of description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the patent.
In the description of this patent, it is noted that unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed. The specific meaning of the above terms in this patent may be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-3, the present embodiment provides an environmental geological sampling apparatus, including a column casing 2, a sampling assembly 5 and a first driving assembly for driving the sampling assembly 5 to move up and down are disposed inside the column casing 2, specifically, the sampling assembly 5 includes a first arc-shaped plate 12 and a second arc-shaped plate 16 which are disposed oppositely, the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 can form a cylindrical structure, sampling notches 13 are disposed on opposite sides of the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16, an extension rod 14 is fixedly disposed on a side of the first arc-shaped plate 12 away from the second arc-shaped plate 16, and a support seat 17 is disposed at a tail end of the extension rod 14 in a telescopic and elastic fit manner; first drive assembly includes vertical running through supporting seat 17 and with supporting seat 17 screw-thread fit's lead screw 3, 3 upper ends of lead screw with 2 tops of column casing are rotated and are connected, and the fixed driven gear 9 that is provided with on the lead screw 3, 2 upper portions fixed mounting of column casing have motor 11, motor 11 output is connected with driving gear 10 through the pivot, driving gear 10 with driven gear 9 meshes, 2 inside second drive assembly who is used for driving first arc 12 and the mutual keeping away from of second arc 16 that still are provided with of column casing.
The driving gear 10 is driven to rotate by the motor 11, the screw rod 3 is driven to rotate by the meshing action of the driving gear 10 and the driven gear 9, the screw rod 3 is in threaded fit with the supporting seat 17, the supporting seat 17 can be driven to move downwards when the screw rod 3 rotates, and then the extension rod 14, the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 are driven to integrally move downwards, so that a cylindrical structure formed by the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 is inserted into a soil layer, a part of the soil layer can enter the cylindrical structure, then the driving gear 10 is driven by the motor 11 to reversely rotate, the extension rod 14, the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 are driven to integrally move upwards by the meshing action of the driving gear 10 and the driven gear 9, the soil layer in the cylindrical structure is taken away to the upper part of the ground; the working personnel can sample and analyze the soil in the cylindrical structure from the sampling gap 13; after the soil analysis is finished, the second driving assembly is utilized to drive the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 to be away from each other, and the soil between the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 is automatically discharged.
Specifically, the second drive assembly is including fixed setting 2 inner walls of column casing dead lever 8 and fixed setting are in the terminal gag lever post 7 of dead lever 8, the through-hole 15 that link up to the bottom is seted up on extension rod 14 upper portion, gag lever post 7 bottom is provided with inclined plane 20, inclined plane 20 can act on through-hole 15 upper portion edge is in order to order about extension rod 14 to the removal of supporting seat 17 direction.
After soil analysis finishes, motor 11 drives driving gear 10 and continues to rotate for first arc 12 continues the rebound with second arc 16, the inclined plane 20 of gag lever post 7 bottom can act on 15 upper portion edges of through-hole this moment, and then orders about extension rod 14 and remove to supporting seat 17 direction, make first arc 12 keep away from each other with second arc 16, in order to relieve the clamping state to soil, the soil that is located first arc 12 and second arc 16 inside can be by oneself the landing, realize the automatic discharge of soil.
Specifically, an inner cavity 18 is formed in one end of the supporting seat 17, and the tail end of the extension rod 14 extends into the inner cavity 18 and is connected with the bottom of the inner cavity 18 through an elastic body 19.
When the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 move downwards for sampling, the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 can be abutted together under the action of the elastic body 18 to form a cylindrical structure; after the soil sampling and analysis are finished. Along with the upward movement of the extension rod 14, the extension rod 14 is driven by the limiting rod 7 to move towards the inner cavity 18, and the elastic body 19 can be squeezed at the moment, so that the soil is discharged.
Specifically, the elastic body 19 is a spring.
In this embodiment, 2 inner walls fixed mounting of column casing has vertical distribution's guide rail 4, supporting seat 17 is kept away from the one end of extension rod 14 pass through slider 6 with 4 sliding fit of guide rail to guarantee that first arc 12 and second arc 16 can be smooth and steady reciprocate.
In this embodiment, in order to ensure that the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 can smoothly go deep into the soil layer, the bottom of each of the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 is provided with a blade (not shown).
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1, in the present embodiment, compared with embodiment 1, a base 1 is fixedly disposed on the outer side of the bottom of a column casing 2, and the base 1 is disposed to increase the contact area with the ground, thereby improving the stability of the device during sampling.
In the embodiment of the invention, the first driving assembly drives the sampling assembly 5 to move up and down, so that the sampling assembly 5 is inserted into the soil layer and then takes out the soil, and the second driving assembly drives the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 to be away from each other after sampling analysis, so that the soil in the first arc-shaped plate 12 and the second arc-shaped plate 16 is automatically discharged.
Although the preferred embodiments of the present patent have been described in detail, the present patent is not limited to the above embodiments, and various changes can be made without departing from the spirit of the present patent within the knowledge of those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. The environmental geological sampling device is characterized by comprising a column casing (2), wherein a sampling assembly (5) and a first driving assembly for driving the sampling assembly (5) to move up and down are arranged in the column casing (2);
the sampling assembly (5) comprises a first arc-shaped plate (12) and a second arc-shaped plate (16) which are arranged oppositely, the first arc-shaped plate (12) and the second arc-shaped plate (16) can be enclosed into a cylindrical structure, sampling notches (13) are formed in one sides of the first arc-shaped plate (12) opposite to the second arc-shaped plate (16), extension rods (14) are fixedly arranged on the sides, far away from each other, of the first arc-shaped plate (12) and the second arc-shaped plate (16), and the tail ends of the extension rods (14) are telescopic and are elastically matched with supporting seats (17);
the first driving assembly comprises a screw rod (3) which vertically penetrates through the supporting seat (17) and is in threaded fit with the supporting seat (17), the upper end of the screw rod (3) is rotatably connected with the top of the column casing (2), a driven gear (9) is fixedly arranged on the screw rod (3), a motor (11) is fixedly arranged on the upper portion of the column casing (2), the output end of the motor (11) is connected with a driving gear (10) through a rotating shaft, and the driving gear (10) is meshed with the driven gear (9);
and a second driving assembly used for driving the first arc-shaped plate (12) and the second arc-shaped plate (16) to be away from each other is further arranged in the column casing (2).
2. An environmental geological sampling device according to claim 1, wherein the second driving component comprises a fixing rod (8) fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the column casing (2) and a limiting rod (7) fixedly arranged at the end of the fixing rod (8), a through hole (15) penetrating to the bottom is formed in the upper part of the extension rod (14), an inclined surface (20) is arranged at the bottom of the limiting rod (7), and the inclined surface (20) can act on the upper edge of the through hole (15) to drive the extension rod (14) to move towards the supporting seat (17).
3. An environmental geological sampling device according to claim 1, characterized in that one end of the supporting seat (17) is provided with an inner cavity (18), and the end of the extension rod (14) extends into the inner cavity (18) and is connected with the bottom of the inner cavity (18) through an elastic body (19).
4. An environmental geological sampling device according to claim 3 wherein said elastic body (19) is a spring.
5. An environmental geological sampling device according to any of claims 1-4, wherein the column casing (2) is fixedly provided with vertically distributed guide rails (4) on its inner wall, and one end of the support base (17) far from the extension rod (14) is in sliding fit with the guide rails (4) through a slide block (6).
6. An environmental geological sampling device according to claim 1, characterized in that the bottom of said first (12) and second (16) arcuate plates are provided with blades.
7. An environmental geological sampling device according to claim 1, characterized in that the base (1) is fixedly arranged outside the bottom of said column casing (2).
CN202110155548.3A 2021-02-04 2021-02-04 Environment geological sampling device Pending CN112985878A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110155548.3A CN112985878A (en) 2021-02-04 2021-02-04 Environment geological sampling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110155548.3A CN112985878A (en) 2021-02-04 2021-02-04 Environment geological sampling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112985878A true CN112985878A (en) 2021-06-18

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CN202110155548.3A Pending CN112985878A (en) 2021-02-04 2021-02-04 Environment geological sampling device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114199651A (en) * 2022-02-18 2022-03-18 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局第四地质大队(山东省第四地质矿产勘查院) Sample layering processing device for muddy soil core column sample detection

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107831030A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-03-23 陈云夫 A kind of geologic prospect soil sampling apparatus
CN108801681A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-13 湖州同成环境科技有限公司 A kind of environment measuring soil sampling apparatus
CN209559523U (en) * 2018-12-23 2019-10-29 娄汉生 A kind of pedotheque sampler used for geological prospecting
CN210071376U (en) * 2019-05-23 2020-02-14 南京林业大学 Sampling device for soil detection before crop planting
CN110926865A (en) * 2020-01-01 2020-03-27 成都赋阳技术开发有限公司 Soil sampling device for soil detection
CN111060351A (en) * 2020-02-18 2020-04-24 河北华宇天地通信技术有限公司 Soil detection device based on satellite remote sensing
CN211426481U (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-09-04 邳州市博睿投资管理有限公司 Be used for soil to plant quality detection device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107831030A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-03-23 陈云夫 A kind of geologic prospect soil sampling apparatus
CN108801681A (en) * 2018-06-26 2018-11-13 湖州同成环境科技有限公司 A kind of environment measuring soil sampling apparatus
CN209559523U (en) * 2018-12-23 2019-10-29 娄汉生 A kind of pedotheque sampler used for geological prospecting
CN210071376U (en) * 2019-05-23 2020-02-14 南京林业大学 Sampling device for soil detection before crop planting
CN211426481U (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-09-04 邳州市博睿投资管理有限公司 Be used for soil to plant quality detection device
CN110926865A (en) * 2020-01-01 2020-03-27 成都赋阳技术开发有限公司 Soil sampling device for soil detection
CN111060351A (en) * 2020-02-18 2020-04-24 河北华宇天地通信技术有限公司 Soil detection device based on satellite remote sensing

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114199651A (en) * 2022-02-18 2022-03-18 山东省地质矿产勘查开发局第四地质大队(山东省第四地质矿产勘查院) Sample layering processing device for muddy soil core column sample detection

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