CN112956858A - Cutting machine for producing electric sofa bed - Google Patents

Cutting machine for producing electric sofa bed Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112956858A
CN112956858A CN202110135738.9A CN202110135738A CN112956858A CN 112956858 A CN112956858 A CN 112956858A CN 202110135738 A CN202110135738 A CN 202110135738A CN 112956858 A CN112956858 A CN 112956858A
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Prior art keywords
motor
fixed
workbench
guide rail
driving
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Granted
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CN202110135738.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112956858B (en
Inventor
孙建飞
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Jiaxing Jiasheng Furniture Co ltd
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Haining Kaleinuo Furniture Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C17/00Sofas; Couches; Beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C17/00Sofas; Couches; Beds
    • A47C17/04Seating furniture, e.g. sofas, couches, settees, or the like, with movable parts changeable to beds; Chair beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47CCHAIRS; SOFAS; BEDS
    • A47C19/00Bedsteads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K26/00Working by laser beam, e.g. welding, cutting or boring
    • B23K26/36Removing material
    • B23K26/38Removing material by boring or cutting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/01Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with natural macromolecular compounds or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/03Polysaccharides or derivatives thereof
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M16/00Biochemical treatment of fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, e.g. enzymatic

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Nursing (AREA)
  • General Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Optics & Photonics (AREA)
  • Plasma & Fusion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Treatment Of Fiber Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention provides a cutting machine for producing an electric sofa bed, which comprises a frame, wherein a bracket is fixed on the frame, a movable plate is arranged on the bracket and is connected with a moving structure capable of driving the movable plate to move back and forth, one end of the movable plate is fixedly provided with a base, a double-edged straight knife is vertically arranged on the base and is connected with a driving assembly capable of moving up and down, the other end of the movable plate is fixedly provided with a push rod motor, a push rod of the push rod motor is vertically downward, the end part of the push rod motor is connected with an installation frame, the installation frame is horizontally and rotatably provided with a first press roller and a second press roller, the first press roller and the second press roller are symmetrically distributed on two sides of the double-edged straight knife, a workbench is also fixed on the frame, a cutting groove matched with the double-edged straight knife is arranged on the workbench, the cutting groove divides the workbench into a first workbench and, and the second workbench is provided with a limiting mechanism and a discharging mechanism.

Description

Cutting machine for producing electric sofa bed
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of sofa beds, and relates to a cutting machine for producing an electric sofa bed.
Background
Modern living room arrangement is highly appreciated, and multifunctional furniture is becoming more and more popular choice, and sofa bed is just one of them. In a small dwelling, a sofa bed is necessary to meet the occasional visitor's living needs.
Through search, for example, chinese patent document discloses a sofa bed [ application number: 201720534694.6, respectively; publication No.: CN 207519909U ]. The sofa bed comprises a main sofa and a side sofa which is vertically arranged with the main sofa and is abutted against the main sofa, a movable bed board is arranged below the main sofa, a movable mattress is arranged above the movable bed board, the upper surface of the movable mattress is flush with the upper surfaces of the main sofa and the side sofa, and a backrest is arranged on one side of the main sofa, and the sofa bed is characterized in that: main sofa deviates from back one end and is equipped with the baffle, activity bed board is close to back one end and is equipped with the limiting plate that can contradict in the baffle, activity bed board deviates from back one end and is equipped with the curb plate of perpendicular to activity bed board upper surface, activity mattress deviates from a back lateral wall and supports tightly in the curb plate towards a back lateral surface and activity mattress towards a back lateral wall and supports tightly in main sofa and deviate from a back lateral wall, activity mattress lateral wall is equipped with and is the horizontally stopper, activity bed board slides along the horizontal direction and is connected with the dog that is located the stopper top and supports tightly in the stopper upper surface, the dog is fixed along vertical direction and activity bed board.
Although the sofa bed disclosed in the patent can improve the use comfort, the sofa bed has no corresponding production process, only depends on the experience of workers, and is complicated to produce, so that it is necessary to design a cutting machine for producing the electric sofa bed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art, and provides a production process of an electric sofa bed with a memory function, which has the characteristic of convenient production.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: the production process of the electric sofa bed with the memory function is characterized by comprising the following steps of:
a. blanking of a steel pipe: cutting the steel pipe by cutting equipment, and deburring the steel pipe;
b. frame welding: welding the steel pipes into a frame by welding equipment, wherein the frame comprises a bed body part, a backrest part and armrest parts;
c. frame spraying: spraying protective paint on the frame by spraying equipment, wherein the spraying amount is 20-40g/m2
d. Element installation: mounting massage beads and a vibrator to a back portion of the frame;
e. cutting sponge: cutting the memory sponge by a cutting machine to obtain a frame sponge and a seat bag sponge;
f. manufacturing a bed cover: carrying out surface treatment on the fabric through a treatment device, and cutting and sewing the fabric to obtain a bed cover, wherein the bed cover comprises an inner bed cover, an outer bed cover and a cushion cover;
g. and (3) integral assembly: and d, assembling the semi-finished products in the steps d, e and f, and then installing support legs to obtain the electric sofa bed with the memory function.
The cutting equipment is a laser pipe cutting machine.
The welding equipment is a carbon dioxide welding machine.
The surface treatment comprises immersion treatment and drying treatment.
The feed liquid used in the immersion liquid treatment is an antibacterial feed liquid, and the antibacterial feed liquid comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 3.5 to 5.5 percent of chitin, 1.8 to 3.2 percent of chitosan, 0.7 to 1.6 percent of softening agent, 0.2 to 0.6 percent of mite inhibitor and the balance of water.
The drying temperature in the drying treatment is 50-60 ℃, and the drying time is 20-30 min.
The cutting machine comprises a rack, a support is fixed on the rack, a movable plate is arranged on the support and connected with a movable structure capable of driving the movable plate to move back and forth, a base is fixed at one end of the movable plate, a double-edged straight knife is vertically arranged on the base and connected with a driving assembly capable of moving up and down, a push rod motor is fixed at the other end of the movable plate, a push rod of the push rod motor is vertically downward, the end part of the push rod motor is connected with a mounting frame, a first compression roller and a second compression roller are horizontally and rotatably arranged on the mounting frame, the first compression roller and the compression roller are symmetrically distributed at two sides of the double-edge straight knife, a workbench is fixed on the machine frame, a cutting groove matched with the double-edge straight knife is arranged on the workbench, and the cutting groove divides the workbench into a first workbench and a second workbench, the first workbench is provided with a pushing mechanism, and the second workbench is provided with a limiting mechanism and a discharging mechanism.
The working principle of the cutting machine is as follows: put the memory sponge on the workstation, carry out the propelling movement to the memory sponge through push mechanism, carry on spacingly to the memory sponge through stop gear, control push rod motor drives the mounting bracket and reciprocates, the mounting bracket drives compression roller one and compression roller two and reciprocates, compression roller one and compression roller two carry out the supplementary compress tightly with memory sponge cutting department, drive movable plate round trip movement through moving structure, the movable plate drives twolip broadsword round trip movement, twolip broadsword cuts the memory sponge, carry out the unloading through the memory sponge that unloading mechanism will cut, thereby can replace manual operation, the cutting is convenient.
The moving structure comprises a first guide rail, a first sliding block, a first rack, a first driving wheel and a first motor, wherein the first guide rail is horizontally fixed on the support, the first sliding block is arranged on the first guide rail, the first rack is horizontally fixed on the support and is parallel to the first guide rail, the first motor is fixed on the first sliding block, an output shaft of the first motor is horizontally arranged, the first driving wheel is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the first motor, the first driving wheel is meshed with the first rack, and the moving plate is connected with the first sliding block.
When the moving plate needs to move back and forth, the motor is controlled to drive the driving wheel I to rotate, the driving wheel I is gradually meshed with the rack I, the sliding block I moves back and forth along the guide rail I, and the sliding block drives the moving plate to move back and forth, so that the moving plate can move back and forth.
The pushing mechanism comprises a second guide rail, a second sliding block, a pushing strip, a lead screw, a nut and a second motor, the second guide rail is horizontally fixed on the first workbench, the second sliding block is arranged on the second guide rail, the second guide rail is perpendicular to the first guide rail, the lead screw is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the first workbench, the end part of the lead screw is connected with the second motor which can drive the lead screw to rotate, the nut is in threaded connection with the lead screw, the nut is connected with the second sliding block through a bearing seat, and the pushing strip is connected with the second sliding block.
By adopting the structure, the second motor is controlled to drive the screw rod to rotate, the nut drives the second sliding block to move back and forth along the second guide rail through the bearing seat, the second sliding block drives the pushing strip to move back and forth, and the pushing strip pushes the memory sponge from the first workbench to the second workbench.
Stop gear includes guide rail three, slider three, limit baffle and locking screw, and the three levels of guide rail are fixed on the second workstation, and slider three sets up on guide rail three, and limit baffle and slider three link to each other, and locking screw one end threaded connection is on slider three, and locking screw one end can support with the guide rail three-phase and lean on, and the locking screw other end and hand wheel link to each other, have the scale mark on the guide rail three.
By adopting the structure, the third sliding block is pushed back and forth along the third guide rail, the third sliding block is locked by the locking screw after the limiting baffle is adjusted to the required position, and therefore the cutting length of the memory sponge can be effectively limited.
The blanking mechanism comprises a plurality of driving shafts and guide plates, the driving shafts are horizontally arranged on the second workbench and are perpendicular to the guide rails, a plurality of idler wheels are fixed on the driving shafts, a power assembly capable of driving the driving shafts to rotate is further arranged on the second workbench, the upper ends of the guide plates are connected with the side portion of the second workbench, the lower ends of the guide plates are connected with the rack, and the guide plates are obliquely arranged.
By adopting the structure, the driving shaft is driven to rotate by the power assembly, and the cut memory sponge is output to the material guide plate from the second workbench by the driving shaft.
The power assembly comprises a third motor, a driving wheel, a plurality of driven wheels and a transmission belt, the third motor is fixed on the second workbench through a mounting plate, an output shaft of the third motor is horizontally arranged, the driving wheel is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the third motor, the driven wheels are fixed at the end part of the driving shaft, and the transmission belt is sleeved between the driving wheel and the driven wheels.
When the driving shaft needs to rotate, the control motor III drives the driving wheel to rotate, the driving wheel drives the driven wheel to rotate through the driving belt, and the driven wheel drives the driving shaft to rotate, so that the driving shaft can rotate.
The rack is also fixedly provided with a controller, and the push rod motor, the first motor, the second motor and the third motor are all connected with the controller through circuits.
By adopting the structure, the push rod motor, the first motor, the second motor and the third motor can be controlled to act through the controller.
The processing device comprises a machine base, wherein a first positioning frame is fixed at one end of the machine base, an unwinding roller is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the first positioning frame, a second positioning frame is fixed at the other end of the machine base, a winding roller is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the second positioning frame, the end part of the winding roller is connected with a power structure capable of driving the winding roller to rotate, and an immersion mechanism and a drying mechanism are further arranged in the middle of the machine base; the immersion mechanism comprises a bottom plate, a first guide rod, a first guide sleeve, a second rack, a second driving wheel, a servo motor, a mounting bar, a support frame, an immersion roller and an immersion box with an opening at the upper part, wherein the bottom plate is fixed at the middle part of a machine base, the first guide rod is horizontally fixed on the bottom plate, the first guide sleeve is arranged on the first guide rod, the second rack is horizontally fixed on the bottom plate, the second rack is parallel to the first guide rod, the servo motor is fixed on the first guide sleeve, an output shaft of the servo motor is horizontally arranged, the second driving wheel is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the servo motor, the second driving wheel is meshed with the second rack, the support frame is fixed on the bottom plate, a first air cylinder is fixed on the support frame, a piston rod of the first air cylinder is vertically downward, the end part of a piston rod of the first air cylinder is connected with a positioning fork, the, offer a plurality of regulation logical grooves that are the U-shaped on the immersion tank, still be fixed with on the immersion tank and be used for sealing a plurality of elastic strips of living with the adjustment tank, the mounting bar is fixed on the immersion tank, and the vertical a plurality of division boards that are provided with on the mounting bar, and the division board is located the mounting groove under, and the division board still links to each other with one can drive its cylinder two that reciprocates.
The working principle of the processing device is as follows: the material liquid is added into the liquid immersion box, the second control cylinder drives the partition plate to move upwards, the partition plate divides the liquid immersion box into a plurality of liquid immersion parts, the servo motor is controlled to drive the second driving wheel to rotate, the second driving wheel is gradually meshed with the second rack, the first guide sleeve moves back and forth along the first guide rod, one liquid immersion part is located under the liquid immersion roller, the control cylinder drives the liquid immersion roller to move downwards, the material liquid is immersed in the material under the action of the liquid immersion roller, and the liquid immersion parts are used for a period of time and then pass through the new liquid immersion parts, so that the consistency of the material liquid immersion can be guaranteed, and the processing is reliable.
The drying mechanism comprises an oven, the oven is fixed on the base, one end of the oven is provided with an input port, the other end of the oven is provided with an output port, and an electric heating tube is fixed in the oven.
By adopting the structure, the fabric with good immersion can be dried by the oven.
And a temperature indicator is also arranged on the oven.
By adopting the structure, the temperature in the oven can be quickly known through the temperature indicator, and the indication is visual.
And limiting blocks are also fixed at two ends of the guide rod.
The machine base is also horizontally and rotatably provided with a plurality of guide rollers.
The power structure comprises a power motor, a driving gear and a driven gear, the power motor is fixed on the second positioning frame, an output shaft of the power motor is horizontally arranged, the driving gear is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the power motor, the driven gear is fixed at the end part of the winding roller, and the driving gear is meshed with the driven gear.
When the wind-up roll needs to be rotated, the power motor is controlled to drive the driving gear to rotate, the driving gear drives the driven gear to rotate, and the driven gear drives the wind-up roll to rotate, so that the wind-up roll can be rotated.
And the machine base is also provided with a feeding mechanism which can convey feed liquid to the immersion liquid box.
By adopting the structure, the feed liquid is conveyed to the immersion liquid box through the feeding mechanism.
The feeding mechanism comprises a preparation barrel, a stand column, a feeding pipe, a movable seat, a fixed seat, a driving shaft, a driven shaft, a triangle main rotating block, a triangle driven rotating block, three upper swing rods and three lower swing rods, the preparation barrel is fixed on a machine base, the upper part of the preparation barrel is provided with a feeding port, the feeding port is provided with a first electromagnetic valve, the lower part of the preparation barrel is provided with a discharge port, the discharge port is provided with a second electromagnetic valve, the stand column is fixed on the machine base and is positioned at the side part of a bottom plate, a third air cylinder is fixed on the stand column, a piston rod of the third air cylinder is horizontally arranged, the end part of a piston rod of the third air cylinder is connected with the movable strip, the feeding pipe is horizontally fixed on the movable strip, one end of the feeding pipe is a closed end, the other end of the feeding pipe is communicated with the discharge, the movable seat is connected with a moving structure which can drive the movable seat to move up and down, the upper end of the driving shaft is rotatably connected with the movable seat, the upper end of the driving shaft is further connected with a speed reducing motor which can drive the driving shaft to rotate, the middle part of the driving shaft is connected with the middle part of a triangular main rotating block, the lower end of the driving shaft is fixedly provided with a first main spiral sheet, the fixed seat is connected with the lower part of the preparation barrel, the lower end of the driven shaft is rotatably connected with a fixed seat, the middle part of the driven shaft is connected with the middle part of a triangular auxiliary rotating block, the upper end of the driven shaft is fixedly provided with a second main spiral sheet, the upper end of an upper swing rod is rotatably connected with the triangular main rotating block, the lower end of the upper swing rod is rotatably connected with the upper end of a linkage block, the middle part of the lower swing rod is further fixedly provided with a first driving motor, the end, and a secondary spiral sheet II is fixed at the end part of an output shaft of the driving motor II.
By adopting the structure, various raw materials are added into the preparation barrel, the driving shaft is driven to rotate by the speed reducing motor, the driving shaft drives the triangle main rotating block and the main spiral piece I to actively rotate, so that the triangle auxiliary rotating block and the main spiral piece II are passively rotated, meanwhile, the movable seat is driven to move up and down through the moving structure, the movable seat drives the triangle main rotating block to move up and down to enable the triangle main rotating block to be relatively close to or far away from the triangle auxiliary rotating block, the first driving motor is controlled to drive the first auxiliary spiral piece to rotate, the second driving motor is controlled to drive the second auxiliary spiral piece to rotate, because the driving shaft and the driven shaft rotate, the stirring angle of the first auxiliary spiral sheet and the second auxiliary spiral sheet can be changed, under the action of the first main spiral sheet, the second main spiral sheet, the first auxiliary spiral sheet and the second auxiliary spiral sheet, the raw materials in the preparation barrel are prepared into material liquid, so that the material liquid conveyed can be ensured to have higher quality, and the feeding is reliable.
An upper auxiliary hemisphere is further fixed on the triangular main rotating block, a first main spiral sheet is located in the upper auxiliary hemisphere, and a plurality of first crushing cutters are arranged on the inner wall of the upper auxiliary hemisphere; the triangle is still fixed with lower auxiliary hemisphere from changeing the piece, and main flight two is located lower auxiliary hemisphere, has a plurality of broken sword two on the lower auxiliary hemisphere inner wall, and goes up auxiliary hemisphere and lower auxiliary hemisphere and can form a complete spheroid.
Structure more than adopting, through triangle owner commentaries on classics piece drive go up supplementary hemisphere and reciprocate, go up supplementary hemisphere and contact with supplementary hemisphere down repeatedly, form short confined environment to can make main flight one and main flight two stir in confined environment, with raw materials stirring's more even.
The moving structure comprises a positioning strip, a second guide rod, a second guide sleeve and a fourth air cylinder, the positioning strip is fixed on the preparation barrel, the second guide rod is vertically fixed on the positioning strip, the second guide sleeve is arranged on the second guide rod, the fourth air cylinder is fixed on the positioning strip, a piston rod of the fourth air cylinder is vertically downward, the end part of a piston rod of the fourth air cylinder is connected with the second guide sleeve, and the movable seat is connected with the second guide sleeve.
When the movable seat needs to move up and down, the control cylinder drives the guide sleeve II to move up and down along the guide rod II, and the guide sleeve II drives the movable seat to move up and down, so that the movable seat can move up and down.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. according to the invention, the production of the electric sofa bed can be completed through operations of steel pipe blanking, frame welding, frame spraying, element installation, sponge cutting, bed cover manufacturing, integral assembly and the like, and common workers can operate the electric sofa bed quickly according to the process, so that the electric sofa bed is convenient to produce.
2. Through the surface treatment of carrying out antibiotic fungus to the surface fabric, can promote sofa bed's antibacterial property greatly to can make it be difficult to breed the bacterium, excellent in use effect.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the steps of the present production process.
Fig. 2 is a schematic product structure diagram of the sofa bed.
Fig. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the cutting machine.
Fig. 4 is a schematic plan view of a cut-away portion of the cutting machine.
Fig. 5 is a schematic plan view of the processing apparatus.
FIG. 6 is a schematic perspective view of an immersion mechanism in the processing apparatus.
Fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a feeding mechanism in the processing apparatus.
Fig. 8 is a schematic plan view of a moving structure in the processing apparatus.
Fig. 9 is a schematic perspective view of a processing apparatus with portions broken away.
In the figure, 1, a frame; 2. a controller; 3. a material guide plate; 4. a work table; 5. a first compression roller; 6. a second compression roller; 7. a mounting frame; 8. a support; 9. a base; 10. a double-edged straight knife; 11. a push rod motor; 12. moving the plate; 13. pushing the strip; 14. a second sliding block; 15. a second guide rail; 16. a second motor; 17. a nut; 18. a screw rod; 19. a third guide rail; 20. a hand wheel; 21. locking the screw rod; 22. a third sliding block; 23. a third motor; 24. a driving wheel; 25. a roller; 26. a driven wheel; 27. a drive shaft; 28. a limit baffle; 29. a transmission belt; 30. a first guide rail; 31. a first sliding block; 32. a first motor; 33. a first rack; 34. a first driving wheel; 41. a machine base; 42. a first positioning frame; 43. a base plate; 44. a second air cylinder; 45. mounting a bar; 46. an oven; 47. a temperature indicator; 48. a second positioning frame; 49. a power motor; 50. a driving gear; 51. a driven gear; 52. a wind-up roll; 53. an immersion liquid tank; 53a, adjusting the through groove; 54. a guide roller; 55. unwinding rollers; 56. a second driving wheel; 57. a servo motor; 58. a second rack; 59. an elastic strip; 60. a partition plate; 61. a support frame; 62. a first cylinder; 63. a positioning fork; 64. an immersion roller; 65. a first guide sleeve; 66. a first guide rod; 67. a limiting block; 68. preparing a barrel; 69. a column; 70. a third air cylinder; 71. a movable bar; 72. an auxiliary tube; 73. a feed pipe; 74. a connecting pipe; 75. a delivery pump; 76. a positioning bar; 77. a second guide rod; 78. a cylinder IV; 79. a second guide sleeve; 80. a triangular slave rotating block; 81. a driven shaft; 82. a fixed seat; 83. a lower auxiliary hemisphere; 84. a second main spiral sheet; 85. a second driving motor; 86. a secondary spiral sheet II; 87. a lower swing rod; 88. a linkage block; 89. driving a motor I; 90. a first auxiliary spiral sheet; 91. an upper swing rod; 92. a first main spiral sheet; 93. a movable seat; 94. a reduction motor; 95. a drive shaft; 96. a triangular main rotating block; 97. and an upper auxiliary hemisphere.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and are further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
As shown in figure 1, the production process of the electric sofa bed with the memory function comprises the following steps:
a. blanking of a steel pipe: cutting the steel pipe by cutting equipment, and deburring the steel pipe; the cutting equipment is a laser pipe cutting machine;
b. frame welding: welding the steel pipes into a frame by welding equipment, wherein the frame comprises a bed body part, a backrest part and armrest parts; the welding equipment is a carbon dioxide welding machine;
c. frame spraying: spraying protective paint on the frame by spraying equipment, wherein the spraying amount is 20-40g/m2
d. Element installation: mounting massage beads and a vibrator to a back portion of the frame;
e. cutting sponge: cutting the memory sponge by a cutting machine to obtain a frame sponge and a seat bag sponge;
f. manufacturing a bed cover: carrying out surface treatment on the fabric through a treatment device, and cutting and sewing the fabric to obtain a bed cover, wherein the bed cover comprises an inner bed cover, an outer bed cover and a cushion cover; the surface treatment comprises immersion treatment and drying treatment; the drying temperature in the drying treatment is 50-60 ℃, and the drying time is 20-30 min; in this embodiment, the drying temperature in the drying process is 58 ℃ and the drying time is 21 min;
g. and (3) integral assembly: and d, assembling the semi-finished products in the steps d, e and f, and then installing support legs to obtain the electric sofa bed with the memory function.
The finished sofa bed of the invention is shown in figure 2.
The feed liquid used in the immersion liquid treatment is an antibacterial feed liquid, and the antibacterial feed liquid comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 3.5 to 5.5 percent of chitin, 1.8 to 3.2 percent of chitosan, 0.7 to 1.6 percent of softening agent, 0.2 to 0.6 percent of mite inhibitor and the balance of water; in this embodiment, the antibacterial liquid comprises the following components in percentage by weight: 4.2 percent of chitin, 2.3 percent of chitosan, 1.2 percent of softening agent, 0.3 percent of mite inhibitor and 92 percent of water.
As shown in fig. 3-4, the sponge cutting machine includes a frame 1, a bracket 8 is fixed on the frame 1, and in this embodiment, the bracket 8 is fixed on the frame 1 by means of bolt connection; the bracket 8 is provided with a moving plate 12, the moving plate 12 is connected with a moving structure capable of driving the moving plate 12 to move back and forth, one end of the moving plate 12 is fixed with a base 9, and a double-edge straight knife 10 is vertically arranged on the base 9, wherein in the embodiment, the double-edge straight knife 10 adopts the existing products available on the market; the double-edged straight knife 10 is connected with a driving component which can move up and down, and in the embodiment, the driving component adopts the prior art; the other end of the moving plate 12 is fixed with a push rod motor 11, and in the embodiment, the other end of the moving plate 12 is fixed with the push rod motor 11 in a bolt connection mode; a push rod of the push rod motor 11 is vertically downward, the end part of the push rod motor 11 is connected with the mounting frame 7, a first compression roller 5 and a second compression roller 6 are horizontally and rotatably arranged on the mounting frame 7, the first compression roller 5 and the second compression roller 6 are symmetrically distributed on two sides of the double-edge straight knife 10, the rack 1 is also fixedly provided with a workbench 4, and in the embodiment, the rack 1 is also fixedly provided with the workbench 4 in a bolt connection mode; the workbench 4 is provided with a cutting groove matched with the double-edge straight knife 10, the cutting groove divides the workbench 4 into a first workbench and a second workbench, the first workbench is provided with a pushing mechanism, and the second workbench is provided with a limiting mechanism and a blanking mechanism.
The moving structure comprises a first guide rail 30, a first sliding block 31, a first rack 33, a first driving wheel 34 and a first motor 32, wherein the first guide rail 30 is horizontally fixed on the support 8, the first sliding block 31 is arranged on the first guide rail 30, the first rack 33 is horizontally fixed on the support 8, the first rack 33 is parallel to the first guide rail 30, the first motor 32 is fixed on the first sliding block 31, an output shaft of the first motor 32 is horizontally arranged, the first driving wheel 34 is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the first motor 32, the first driving wheel 34 is meshed with the first rack 33, and the moving plate 12 is connected with the first sliding block 31.
The pushing mechanism comprises a second guide rail 15, a second sliding block 14, a pushing strip 13, a screw rod 18, a nut 17 and a second motor 16, the second guide rail 15 is horizontally fixed on the first workbench, the second sliding block 14 is arranged on the second guide rail 15, the second guide rail 15 is perpendicular to the first guide rail 30, the screw rod 18 is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the first workbench, the end part of the screw rod 18 is connected with the second motor 16 capable of driving the screw rod to rotate, the nut 17 is in threaded connection with the screw rod 18, the nut 17 is connected with the second sliding block 14 through a bearing seat, and the pushing strip 13 is connected with the second sliding block 14.
The limiting mechanism comprises a third guide rail 19, a third slide block 22, a limiting baffle 28 and a locking screw 21, the third guide rail 19 is horizontally fixed on the second workbench, the third slide block 22 is arranged on the third guide rail 19, the limiting baffle 28 is connected with the third slide block 22, one end of the locking screw 21 is in threaded connection with the third slide block 22, one end of the locking screw 21 can abut against the third guide rail 19, the other end of the locking screw 21 is connected with the hand wheel 20, and the third guide rail 19 is provided with scale marks; by adopting the structure, the third slide block 22 is pushed back and forth along the third guide rail 19, the third slide block 22 is locked by the locking screw rod 21 after the limit baffle 28 is adjusted to the required position, and therefore the cutting length of the memory sponge can be effectively limited.
The blanking mechanism comprises a plurality of driving shafts 27 and material guide plates 3, in the embodiment, the number of the driving shafts 27 is five; the driving shaft 27 is horizontally arranged on the second workbench, the driving shaft 27 is perpendicular to the first guide rail 30, a plurality of rollers 25 are fixed on the driving shaft 27, and in the embodiment, seven rollers 25 are fixed on each driving shaft 27; the second workbench is also provided with a power assembly capable of driving the driving shaft 27 to rotate, the upper end of the material guide plate 3 is connected with the side part of the second workbench, the lower end of the material guide plate 3 is connected with the rack 1, and the material guide plate 3 is obliquely arranged.
The power assembly comprises a third motor 23, a driving wheel 24, a plurality of driven wheels 26 and a transmission belt 29, wherein in the embodiment, the number of the driven wheels 26 is five; the third motor 23 is fixed on the second workbench through a mounting plate, an output shaft of the third motor 23 is horizontally arranged, the driving wheel 24 is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the third motor 23, the driven wheel 26 is fixed at the end part of the driving shaft 27, and the transmission belt 29 is sleeved between the driving wheel 24 and the driven wheel 26.
The frame 1 is also fixed with a controller 2, and the push rod motor 11, the first motor 32, the second motor 16 and the third motor 23 are all connected with the controller 2 through circuits; in the embodiment, the controller 2 adopts a commercially available singlechip, the program for controlling the motor by the singlechip is the existing one, and the program does not need to be edited again; with the structure, the controller 2 can control the push rod motor 11, the first motor 32, the second motor 16 and the third motor 23 to act.
The working principle of the cutting machine is as follows: placing the memory sponge on the workbench 4, controlling the second motor 16 to drive the screw rod 18 to rotate, driving the second sliding block 14 to move back and forth along the second guide rail 15 through the bearing seat by the nut 17, driving the pushing strip 13 to move back and forth by the second sliding block 14, and pushing the memory sponge to the second workbench from the first workbench by the pushing strip 13; the memory sponge is limited through a limiting baffle 28; the push rod motor 11 is controlled to drive the mounting frame 7 to move up and down, the mounting frame 7 drives the first compression roller 5 and the second compression roller 6 to move up and down, and the first compression roller 5 and the second compression roller 6 are used for performing auxiliary compression on the cut part of the memory sponge; the first control motor 32 drives the first driving wheel 34 to rotate, the first driving wheel 34 is gradually meshed with the first rack 33, the first sliding block 31 moves back and forth along the first guide rail 30, the first sliding block 31 drives the moving plate 12 to move back and forth, the moving plate 12 drives the double-edge straight knife 10 to move back and forth, and the double-edge straight knife 10 cuts the memory sponge; the third control motor 23 drives the driving wheel 24 to rotate, the driving wheel 24 drives the driven wheel 26 to rotate through the transmission belt 29, the driven wheel 26 drives the driving shaft 27 to rotate, the driving shaft 27 outputs the cut memory sponge to the material guide plate 3 from the second workbench, and the cut memory sponge is discharged, so that manual operation can be replaced.
As shown in fig. 5-9, the processing device includes a base 41, a first positioning frame 42 is fixed on one end of the base 41, and in this embodiment, the first positioning frame 42 is fixed on one end of the base 41 by means of a bolt; an unwinding roller 55 is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the first positioning frame 42, and in the embodiment, the unwinding roller 55 adopts an existing structure; the other end of the machine base 41 is fixed with a second positioning frame 48, and in the embodiment, the other end of the machine base 41 is fixed with the second positioning frame 48 in a bolt connection mode; a winding roller 52 is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the second positioning frame 48, and in the embodiment, the winding roller 52 adopts the existing structure; the end part of the wind-up roll 52 is connected with a power structure which can drive the wind-up roll to rotate, and the middle part of the machine base 41 is also provided with a liquid immersion mechanism and a drying mechanism; the immersion mechanism comprises a bottom plate 43, a first guide rod 66, a first guide sleeve 65, a second rack 58, a second driving wheel 56, a servo motor 57, a mounting strip 45, a support frame 61, an immersion roller 64 and an immersion tank 53 with an opening at the upper part, wherein the bottom plate 43 is fixed in the middle of the machine base 41, and in the embodiment, the bottom plate 43 is fixed in the middle of the machine base 41 in a bolt connection mode; the guide rod I66 is horizontally fixed on the bottom plate 43, the guide sleeve I65 is arranged on the guide rod I66, the rack II 58 is horizontally fixed on the bottom plate 43, the second rack 58 and the first guide rod 66 are parallel to each other, the servo motor 57 is fixed on the first guide sleeve 65, the output shaft of the servo motor 57 is horizontally arranged, the second driving wheel 56 is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the servo motor 57, the second driving wheel 56 is meshed with the second rack 58, the support frame 61 is fixed on the bottom plate 43, the first cylinder 62 is fixed on the support frame 61, the piston rod of the first cylinder 62 is vertically downward, the end part of the piston rod of the first cylinder 62 is connected with the positioning fork 63, the immersion roller 64 is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the positioning fork 63, the immersion box 53 is fixed on the first guide sleeve 65, the immersion tank 53 can be located right below the immersion roller 64, the immersion tank 53 is provided with a plurality of U-shaped adjusting through grooves 53a, and in the embodiment, the number of the adjusting through grooves 53a is three; a plurality of elastic strips 59 for closing the adjusting groove are further fixed on the immersion liquid tank 53, in the embodiment, the number of the elastic strips 59 is three, and the elastic strips 59 adopt the existing products available on the market; the mounting bar 45 is fixed on the immersion tank 53, a plurality of partition plates 60 are vertically arranged on the mounting bar 45, and in the embodiment, the number of the partition plates 60 is three; the partition plate 60 is positioned right below the mounting groove, and the partition plate 60 is also connected with a second cylinder 44 capable of driving the second cylinder to move up and down; in the present embodiment, the number of the second cylinders 44 is three, and the second cylinders 44 correspond to the partition plates 60 one by one.
The drying mechanism comprises an oven 46, the oven 46 is fixed on the base 41, one end of the oven 46 is provided with an input port, the other end of the oven 46 is provided with an output port, and an electric heating pipe is fixed in the oven 46; by adopting the structure, the fabric with good immersion can be dried by the oven 46.
A temperature indicator 47 is also arranged on the oven 46; by adopting the structure, the temperature in the oven 46 can be quickly known through the temperature indicator 47, and the indication is visual.
And limiting blocks 67 are also fixed at the two ends of the first guide rod 66.
The machine base 41 is also horizontally and rotatably provided with a plurality of guide rollers 54; in the present embodiment, the number of the guide rollers 54 is two.
The power structure comprises a power motor 49, a driving gear 510 and a driven gear 51, the power motor 49 is fixed on the second positioning frame 48, an output shaft of the power motor 49 is horizontally arranged, the driving gear 510 is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the power motor 49, the driven gear 51 is fixed at the end part of the winding roller 52, and the driving gear 510 is meshed with the driven gear 51; by adopting the structure, when the winding roller 52 needs to rotate, the power motor 49 is controlled to drive the driving gear 510 to rotate, the driving gear 510 drives the driven gear 51 to rotate, and the driven gear 51 drives the winding roller 52 to rotate, so that the winding roller 52 can rotate.
The base 41 is also provided with a feeding mechanism which can convey feed liquid to the immersion liquid box 53; with this structure, the feed liquid is fed to the immersion tank 53 by the feed mechanism.
The feeding mechanism comprises a preparation barrel 68, a stand column 69, a feeding pipe 73, a movable seat 93, a fixed seat 82, a driving shaft 95, a driven shaft 81, a triangular main rotating block 96, a triangular auxiliary rotating block 80, three upper swing rods 91 and three lower swing rods 87, wherein the preparation barrel 68 is fixed on the base 41, and in the embodiment, the preparation barrel 68 is fixed on the base 41 in a bolt connection mode; the upper part of the preparation barrel 68 is provided with a feeding port, the feeding port is provided with a first electromagnetic valve, the lower part of the preparation barrel 68 is provided with a discharging port, the discharging port is provided with a second electromagnetic valve, the upright column 69 is fixed on the base 41, and in the embodiment, the upright column 69 is fixed on the base 41 in a bolt connection mode; the upright column 69 is positioned on the side part of the bottom plate 4, the cylinder III 70 is fixed on the upright column 69, the piston rod of the cylinder III 70 is horizontally arranged, the end part of the piston rod of the cylinder III 70 is connected with the movable strip 71, the feeding pipe 73 is horizontally fixed on the movable strip 71, one end of the feeding pipe 73 is a closed end, the other end of the feeding pipe 73 is communicated with the discharge hole through the connecting pipe 74, the connecting pipe 74 is also provided with a feeding pump 75, the side part of the feeding pipe 73 is also connected with a plurality of auxiliary pipes 72, and in the embodiment, the number of the auxiliary pipes; the auxiliary pipes 72 are evenly distributed, the movable seat 93 is arranged at the upper part of the preparation barrel 68, the movable seat 93 is connected with a moving structure which can drive the movable seat to move up and down, the upper end of a driving shaft 95 is rotationally connected with the movable seat 93, the upper end of the driving shaft 95 is also connected with a speed reducing motor 94 which can drive the driving shaft 95 to rotate, the middle part of the driving shaft 95 is connected with the middle part of a triangular main rotating block 96, a main spiral sheet I92 is fixed at the lower end of the driving shaft 95, the fixed seat is connected with the lower part of the preparation barrel 68, the lower end of a driven shaft 81 is rotationally connected with a fixed seat 82, the middle part of the driven shaft 81 is connected with the middle part of a triangular driven rotating block 80, a main spiral sheet II 84 is fixed at the upper end of the driven shaft 81, the upper end of an upper swing rod 91 is rotationally connected with the upper end of a linkage block 88, a driving motor I, the upper end of the lower swing rod is rotatably connected with the lower end of the linkage block 88, the lower end of the lower swing rod 87 is rotatably connected with the triangular driven rotating block 80, the middle part of the lower swing rod is also fixedly provided with a second driving motor 85, and the end part of an output shaft of the second driving motor 85 is fixedly provided with a second auxiliary spiral sheet 86.
By adopting the structure, various raw materials are added into a preparation barrel 68, a driving shaft 95 is driven to rotate by a speed reducing motor 94, the driving shaft 95 drives a triangle main rotating block 96 and a main spiral piece one 92 to actively rotate, so that a triangle driven rotating block 80 and a main spiral piece two 84 passively rotate, meanwhile, a control cylinder four 78 drives a guide sleeve two 79 to move up and down along a guide rod two 77, the guide sleeve two 79 drives a movable seat 93 to move up and down, so that the movable seat 93 can move up and down, the movable seat 93 drives the triangle main rotating block 96 to move up and down to be relatively close to or far away from the triangle driven rotating block 80, a control driving motor one 89 drives a secondary spiral piece one 90 to rotate, a control driving motor two 85 drives a secondary spiral piece two 86 to rotate, the angle at which the secondary spiral piece one 90 and the secondary spiral piece two 86 are stirred can be changed due to the rotation of the driving shaft 95 and the driven shaft 81, and the main spiral piece one 92, Under the action of the first auxiliary spiral piece 90 and the second auxiliary spiral piece 86, the raw materials in the preparation barrel 68 are prepared into feed liquid, so that the fed feed liquid has high quality and reliable feeding.
An upper auxiliary hemisphere 97 is further fixed on the triangular main rotating block 96, the first main spiral sheet 92 is located in the upper auxiliary hemisphere 97, and a plurality of first crushing knives are arranged on the inner wall of the upper auxiliary hemisphere 97, in this embodiment, the number of the first crushing knives is thirty; a lower auxiliary hemisphere 83 is further fixed on the triangular auxiliary rotating block 80, the second main spiral piece 84 is located in the lower auxiliary hemisphere 83, and a plurality of second crushing knives are arranged on the inner wall of the lower auxiliary hemisphere 83, in this embodiment, the number of the second crushing knives is thirty; the upper auxiliary hemisphere 97 and the lower auxiliary hemisphere 83 can form a complete sphere; adopt this structure, main piece 96 drives through the triangle and goes up supplementary hemisphere 97 and reciprocate, goes up supplementary hemisphere 97 and contacts with supplementary hemisphere 83 down repeatedly, forms short confined environment to can make main flight one 92 and main flight two 84 stir in confined environment, with raw materials stirring more even.
The moving structure comprises a positioning strip 76, a guide rod II 77, a guide sleeve II 79 and a cylinder IV 78, wherein the positioning strip 76 is fixed on the preparation barrel 68, and in the embodiment, the positioning strip 76 is fixed on the preparation barrel 68 in a bolt connection mode; the guide rod II 77 is vertically fixed on the positioning bar 76, the guide sleeve II 79 is arranged on the guide rod II 77, the cylinder IV 78 is fixed on the positioning bar 76, a piston rod of the cylinder IV 78 is vertically downward, the end part of a piston rod of the cylinder IV 78 is connected with the guide sleeve II 79, and the movable seat 93 is connected with the guide sleeve II 79.
The working principle of the processing device is as follows: the material liquid is added into the immersion liquid box 53, the control cylinder II 44 drives the partition plate 60 to move upwards, the partition plate 60 divides the immersion liquid box 53 into a plurality of immersion liquid parts, the control servo motor 57 drives the driving wheel II 56 to rotate, the driving wheel II 56 is gradually meshed with the rack II 58, the guide sleeve I65 moves back and forth along the guide rod I66, one immersion liquid part is positioned under the immersion liquid roller 64, the control cylinder I62 drives the immersion liquid roller 64 to move downwards, the material liquid is immersed in the material liquid under the action of the immersion liquid roller 64, and after the immersion liquid parts are used for a period of time, the new immersion liquid parts are replaced, so that the consistency of the material immersion liquid can be ensured, and the processing is reliable.
The sofa bed has the following performances: the bearing capacity is more than or equal to 150 kg; the rebound time is measured by a compression method and is 6-10 s.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. A cutting machine for producing an electric sofa bed comprises a machine frame and is characterized in that a support is fixed on the machine frame, a movable plate is arranged on the support and connected with a moving structure capable of driving the movable plate to move back and forth, a base is fixed at one end of the movable plate, a double-edged straight knife is vertically arranged on the base and connected with a driving assembly capable of moving up and down, a push rod motor is fixed at the other end of the movable plate, a push rod of the push rod motor is vertically downward, the end part of the push rod motor is connected with a mounting frame, a first compression roller and a second compression roller are horizontally and rotatably arranged on the mounting frame, the first compression roller and the second compression roller are symmetrically distributed on two sides of the double-edged straight knife, a workbench is further fixed on the machine frame, a cutting groove matched with the double-edged straight knife is formed in the workbench, the workbench is divided into a first workbench and a second workbench by the cutting, and the second workbench is provided with a limiting mechanism and a discharging mechanism.
2. The cutting machine for manufacturing electric sofa beds as claimed in claim 1, wherein the moving structure comprises a first guide rail, a first slide block, a first rack, a first driving wheel and a first motor, the first guide rail is horizontally fixed on the bracket, the first slide block is arranged on the first guide rail, the first rack is horizontally fixed on the bracket, the first rack is parallel to the first guide rail, the first motor is fixed on the first slide block, the output shaft of the first motor is horizontally arranged, the first driving wheel is fixed at the end part of the output shaft of the first motor, the first driving wheel is meshed with the first rack, and the moving plate is connected with the first slide block.
3. The cutting machine for producing the electric sofa bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the pushing mechanism comprises a second guide rail, a second slide block, a pushing bar, a screw rod, a nut and a second motor, the second guide rail is horizontally fixed on the first workbench, the second slide block is arranged on the second guide rail, the second guide rail is perpendicular to the first guide rail, the screw rod is horizontally and rotatably arranged on the first workbench, the end part of the screw rod is connected with the second motor which can drive the screw rod to rotate, the nut is in threaded connection with the screw rod, the nut is connected with the second slide block through a bearing seat, and the pushing bar is connected with the second slide block.
4. The cutting machine for producing the electric sofa bed according to claim 1, wherein the limiting mechanism comprises a third guide rail, a third slide block, a limiting baffle and a locking screw, the third guide rail is horizontally fixed on the second workbench, the third slide block is arranged on the third guide rail, the limiting baffle is connected with the third slide block, one end of the locking screw is in threaded connection with the third slide block, one end of the locking screw can be abutted against the three phases of the guide rails, the other end of the locking screw is connected with the hand wheel, and the third guide rail is provided with scale marks.
5. The cutting machine for manufacturing electric sofa bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the blanking mechanism comprises a plurality of driving shafts and a material guiding plate, the driving shafts are horizontally arranged on the second worktable and are perpendicular to the first guiding rail, a plurality of rollers are fixed on the driving shafts, a power assembly capable of driving the driving shafts to rotate is further arranged on the second worktable, the upper end of the material guiding plate is connected with the side portion of the second worktable, the lower end of the material guiding plate is connected with the frame, and the material guiding plate is arranged in an inclined manner.
6. The cutting machine for producing the electric sofa bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the power assembly comprises a third motor, a driving wheel, a plurality of driven wheels and a transmission belt, the third motor is fixed on the second workbench through a mounting plate, an output shaft of the third motor is horizontally arranged, the driving wheel is fixed at an end part of the output shaft of the third motor, the driven wheels are fixed at an end part of the driving shaft, and the transmission belt is sleeved between the driving wheel and the driven wheels.
7. The cutting machine for producing the electric sofa bed as claimed in claim 1, wherein the frame is further fixed with a controller, and the push rod motor, the first motor, the second motor and the third motor are all connected with the controller through lines.
CN202110135738.9A 2019-01-11 2019-01-11 Cutting machine for producing electric sofa bed Active CN112956858B (en)

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CN112956858B (en) 2022-09-23
CN112932156A (en) 2021-06-11
CN112932156B (en) 2022-09-23
CN109892893B (en) 2021-03-26
CN109892893A (en) 2019-06-18

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