CN112852623B - Multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissues and organs of peanuts - Google Patents

Multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissues and organs of peanuts Download PDF

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CN112852623B
CN112852623B CN202110197738.1A CN202110197738A CN112852623B CN 112852623 B CN112852623 B CN 112852623B CN 202110197738 A CN202110197738 A CN 202110197738A CN 112852623 B CN112852623 B CN 112852623B
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cavity
screening
grinding
peanuts
chamber
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CN112852623A (en
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刘浩
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CROP Research Institute of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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CROP Research Institute of Guangdong Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M21/00Bioreactors or fermenters specially adapted for specific uses
    • C12M21/18Apparatus specially designed for the use of free, immobilized or carrier-bound enzymes
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M27/00Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
    • C12M27/02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M27/00Means for mixing, agitating or circulating fluids in the vessel
    • C12M27/02Stirrer or mobile mixing elements
    • C12M27/06Stirrer or mobile mixing elements with horizontal or inclined stirrer shaft or axis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M29/00Means for introduction, extraction or recirculation of materials, e.g. pumps
    • C12M29/04Filters; Permeable or porous membranes or plates, e.g. dialysis
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M41/00Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation
    • C12M41/12Means for regulation, monitoring, measurement or control, e.g. flow regulation of temperature
    • C12M41/18Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes
    • C12M41/24Heat exchange systems, e.g. heat jackets or outer envelopes inside the vessel
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • C12M45/02Means for pre-treatment of biological substances by mechanical forces; Stirring; Trituration; Comminuting
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    • C12BIOCHEMISTRY; BEER; SPIRITS; WINE; VINEGAR; MICROBIOLOGY; ENZYMOLOGY; MUTATION OR GENETIC ENGINEERING
    • C12MAPPARATUS FOR ENZYMOLOGY OR MICROBIOLOGY; APPARATUS FOR CULTURING MICROORGANISMS FOR PRODUCING BIOMASS, FOR GROWING CELLS OR FOR OBTAINING FERMENTATION OR METABOLIC PRODUCTS, i.e. BIOREACTORS OR FERMENTERS
    • C12M45/00Means for pre-treatment of biological substances
    • C12M45/04Phase separators; Separation of non fermentable material; Fractionation

Abstract

The invention discloses a multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts, belongs to the technical field of crop processing, and solves the problems that a filtering component of the conventional device is easy to block and the utilization rate of the peanuts is reduced; the peanut separating device comprises a shell, wherein a feeding hole is formed in the top of the shell, a grinding cavity for grinding peanuts, a screening cavity for screening the peanuts, a cooling cavity for cooling the peanuts and an enzymolysis cavity for separating original peanut substances are longitudinally and sequentially arranged in the shell, the upper part of the grinding cavity is communicated with the feeding hole, the bottom of the grinding cavity is communicated with the screening cavity, the top of the cooling cavity is communicated with the screening cavity, the bottom of the cooling cavity is communicated with the enzymolysis cavity, a grinding assembly is arranged in the grinding cavity, and a screening assembly is arranged in the screening cavity; according to the embodiment of the invention, the arrangement of the anti-blocking assembly realizes blowing off of peanuts piled on the upper screen, so that the upper screen is prevented from being blocked, meanwhile, the arrangement of the screening assembly realizes full screening of the peanuts, and the screening efficiency is improved.

Description

Multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissues and organs of peanuts
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of crop processing, in particular to a multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissues and organs of peanuts.
Background
The plant protoplast is a naked cell wrapped by a cytoplasmic membrane after the cell wall is removed, maintains all organelles of the plant cell and physiological functions similar to those of the original cell, so the plant protoplast can be used as an effective and rapid multifunctional experimental material which is widely used in plant molecular biology and plant cell engineering experiments, peanuts have the characteristic of typical overground flowering and underground fruiting, and can be used as a specific material for researching various biological problems because the peanuts have various special agronomic performances in the growth and development stages, the single cells of the peanuts have thicker cell walls, the components of the cell walls mainly comprise cellulose, lignin, pectin, keratinocyte and other components, and the specific components of the cell walls in different organs have obvious differences. Due to the difficulty in removing the cell wall, a significant technical barrier exists in the isolation of single peanut cells.
Chinese patent CN111647459A discloses a residue filter equipment is used in peanut oil production, collects the box including filtering box, the oil feed cover body, filtering component and peanut oil, the coarse filter assembly of demountable installation is located the filtering component below on the oil feed cover body be provided with secondary filter assembly on the filtering box, secondary filter assembly is including the installation baffle and drive actuating cylinder, T type spout has been seted up to the bottom symmetry of installation baffle, equal slidable mounting T type slide bar in the T type spout, the tip fixed mounting secondary filter tank of T type slide bar, but the device filtering component blocks up easily, has reduced the peanut utilization ratio, therefore, we provide a multistage filter equipment who is used for separating different tissue organ protoplasts of peanut.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts, which comprises a shell, wherein the top of the shell is provided with a feeding port, the shell is longitudinally and sequentially provided with a grinding cavity for grinding the peanuts, a screening cavity for screening the peanuts, a cooling cavity for cooling the peanuts and an enzymolysis cavity for separating the protoplasm of the peanuts, the upper part of the grinding cavity is communicated with the feeding port, the bottom of the grinding cavity is communicated with the screening cavity, the top of the cooling cavity is communicated with the screening cavity, the bottom of the cooling cavity is communicated with the enzymolysis cavity, a grinding component is arranged in the grinding cavity, and a screening component is arranged in the screening cavity, so that the problems that the filtering component of the conventional device is easy to block and the utilization rate of the peanuts is reduced are solved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a multistage filter equipment for separating different tissue organ protoplasts of peanut, which comprises a housin, the top of casing is provided with the material loading mouth, vertically set gradually in the casing and be used for grinding the chamber that pulverizes of peanut, a screening chamber for screening the peanut, a enzymolysis chamber for cooling the cooling chamber of peanut and be used for separating the peanut protoplasm, the upper portion and the material loading mouth intercommunication that pulverize the chamber, the bottom and the screening chamber intercommunication that pulverize the chamber, the top and the screening chamber intercommunication in cooling chamber, the bottom and the enzymolysis chamber intercommunication in cooling chamber, it is provided with the subassembly of milling to pulverize the intracavity, it is provided with the screening subassembly to filter the intracavity.
As a further scheme of the invention: the subassembly of milling includes first work motor and grinding roller, and first work motor fixed mounting is at the upper surface of casing, and the output of first work motor runs through the upper wall of casing to fixedly connected with grinding roller, grinding roller's cross section is for falling isosceles trapezoid structure, and grinds the lateral wall in chamber and the outer wall parallel arrangement of grinding roller, has made things convenient for the extrusion breakage to the peanut.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the middle part equipartition of grinding roller has a plurality of auxiliary assembly, and auxiliary assembly is including the ball mount pad of milling and the ball of milling, and the ball mount pad of milling passes through the bolt and rolls roller fixed connection, installs the ball of milling in the ball mount pad of milling, and the ball mount pad of milling rotates with the ball of milling to be connected, and the outside equipartition of ball of milling has a plurality of crushing sawtooth, smashes the sawtooth and adopts stainless steel matter to make.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the filter component comprises a guide plate and an upper screen mesh, the bottom of the guide plate is provided with the upper screen mesh, the guide plate and the upper screen mesh are connected through a buckle, a buffer plate is arranged below the guide plate, a plurality of buffer springs used for protecting the guide plate are uniformly distributed between the guide plate and the buffer plate, the guide plate is in sliding connection with the side wall of the screening cavity, and the buffer plate is in elastic connection with the side wall of the screening cavity.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the bilateral symmetry in screening chamber is provided with two compression chambeies, and the bottom in screening chamber is provided with prevents stifled subassembly, prevents blockking up the subassembly and includes the gear, and the lateral wall in gear and screening chamber rotates to be connected, and the front side of gear articulates there is first articulated rod, and the one end that the gear was kept away from to first articulated rod articulates there is the second articulated rod, and the one end that the rack was kept away from to the second articulated rod is articulated with the buffer board.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the compression chamber is internally and movably provided with a piston plate, one side of the piston plate is fixedly connected with a rack, one end of the rack, which is far away from the piston plate, penetrates through the side wall of the screening chamber and extends to the bottom of the screening chamber, the gear and the rack are in meshing transmission, and the compression chamber is communicated with the screening chamber through a conduit.
As a still further scheme of the invention: be provided with the refrigeration subassembly in the cooling chamber, the refrigeration subassembly includes second work motor and (mixing) shaft, second work motor fixed mounting is on the lateral wall of casing, and the output fixedly connected with (mixing) shaft of second work motor, the lateral wall in cooling chamber is run through to the one end of (mixing) shaft, and rotate and be connected with the air exhauster, air exhauster fixed mounting is on casing right side wall, and the air exhauster is connected with the cold air chamber, the equipartition of improving level has a plurality of first stirring rakes on the (mixing) shaft, the equipartition has a plurality of vents on the first stirring rake, the outside of first stirring rake still overlaps and is equipped with the sliding sleeve, first stirring rake and sliding sleeve sliding connection, the sliding sleeve adopts the elastomer material to make.
As a still further scheme of the invention: the lateral wall in enzymolysis chamber has been seted up the resolvase and has been added the mouth, and the top fixed mounting in enzymolysis chamber has third work motor, and the output end fixedly connected with second stirring rake of third work motor, vertical equipartition have a plurality of supplementary blades on the second stirring rake, and the bottom fixed mounting of second stirring rake has the spiral to promote the oar, and the bottom slope in enzymolysis chamber is provided with down the screen cloth.
In conclusion, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows: according to the embodiment of the invention, the refrigeration component is arranged, and the arrangement of the refrigeration component plays a role in auxiliary heat dissipation on the peanuts, so that the problem that internal matrixes are damaged due to excessive heat in the crushing process of the peanuts is solved, the extraction efficiency of the peanuts is improved, the arrangement of the anti-blocking component realizes blowing off of the peanuts accumulated on the upper screen, the blockage of the upper screen is avoided, meanwhile, the arrangement of the screening component realizes full screening of the peanuts, and the screening efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is a front view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of an auxiliary assembly according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a grinding ball mounting seat according to the present invention.
Figure 5 is a schematic structural view of a screening chamber in the invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of a screening assembly of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a first stirring paddle in the invention.
In the figure: 1-shell, 2-grinding cavity, 3-cooling cavity, 4-enzymolysis cavity, 5-feeding hole, 6-first working motor, 7-grinding roller, 8-auxiliary component, 9-grinding ball mounting seat, 10-grinding ball, 11-grinding saw tooth, 12-screening cavity, 13-guide plate, 14-upper screen, 15-compression cavity, 16-piston plate, 17-buffer plate, 18-buffer spring, 19-gear, 20-rack, 21-first hinge rod, 22-second hinge rod, 23-second working motor, 24-exhaust fan, 25-cold air cavity, 26-stirring shaft, 27-first stirring paddle, 28-sliding sleeve, 29-ventilation opening, 30-third working motor, 31-second stirring paddle, 32-auxiliary blade, 33-spiral lifting paddle and 34-lower screen.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a multi-stage filtration apparatus for separating protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts comprises a housing 1, wherein a feeding opening 5 is arranged at the top of the housing 1, a grinding chamber 2 for grinding peanuts, a screening chamber 12 for screening peanuts, a cooling chamber 3 for cooling peanuts, and an enzymolysis chamber 4 for separating protoplasts of peanuts are longitudinally and sequentially arranged in the housing 1, the upper part of the grinding chamber 2 is communicated with the feeding opening 5, the bottom of the grinding chamber 2 is communicated with the screening chamber 12, the top of the cooling chamber 3 is communicated with the screening chamber 12, the bottom of the cooling chamber 3 is communicated with the enzymolysis chamber 4, a grinding component is arranged in the grinding chamber 2, and a screening component is arranged in the screening chamber 12;
the grinding assembly comprises a first working motor 6 and a grinding roller 7, the first working motor 6 is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the shell 1, the output end of the first working motor 6 penetrates through the upper wall of the shell 1 and is fixedly connected with the grinding roller 7, the cross section of the grinding roller 7 is of an inverted isosceles trapezoid structure, and the side wall of the grinding cavity 2 is parallel to the outer wall of the grinding roller 7, so that the peanuts are conveniently extruded and crushed;
as shown in fig. 3-4, further, a plurality of auxiliary components 8 are uniformly distributed in the middle of the grinding roll 7, each auxiliary component 8 includes a grinding ball mounting seat 9 and a grinding ball 10, the grinding ball mounting seat 9 is fixedly connected with the grinding roll 7 through a bolt, the grinding ball 10 is mounted in the grinding ball mounting seat 9, the grinding ball mounting seat 9 is rotatably connected with the grinding ball 10, a plurality of crushing saw teeth 11 are uniformly distributed on the outer portion of the grinding ball 10, and the crushing saw teeth 11 are made of stainless steel;
when the peanuts need to be milled, the first working motor 6 is started, the first working motor 6 drives the milling roller 7 to rotate, so that the milling roller 7 drives the auxiliary assembly 8 to rotate, the auxiliary assembly 8 drives the milling ball 10 and the crushing saw teeth 11 to rotate, milling and crushing of the peanuts are realized, and extraction of original biomass of the peanuts is facilitated;
the subassembly that mills has realized the crushing processing to the peanut, and for prior art, the auxiliary assembly 8 of its setting is showing and has improved the crushing effect, has avoided the caking of the back peanut that pulverizes to filtration and extraction efficiency have been improved.
The filtering component comprises a guide plate 13 and an upper screen 14, the bottom of the guide plate 13 is provided with the upper screen 14, the guide plate 13 is connected with the upper screen 14 through a buckle, a buffer plate 17 is arranged below the guide plate 13, a plurality of buffer springs 18 for protecting the guide plate 13 are uniformly distributed between the guide plate 13 and the buffer plate 17, the guide plate 13 is connected with the side wall of the screening cavity 12 in a sliding manner, and the buffer plate 17 is elastically connected with the side wall of the screening cavity 12;
as shown in fig. 5-6, two compression chambers 15 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the screening chamber 12, an anti-blocking assembly is arranged at the bottom of the screening chamber 12, the anti-blocking assembly comprises a gear 19, the gear 19 is rotatably connected with the side wall of the screening chamber 12, a first hinge rod 21 is hinged to the front side of the gear 19, a second hinge rod 22 is hinged to one end, away from the gear 19, of the first hinge rod 21, and one end, away from the rack 20, of the second hinge rod 22 is hinged to the buffer plate 17;
a piston plate 16 is movably arranged in the compression cavity 15, a rack 20 is fixedly connected to one side of the piston plate 16, one end, far away from the piston plate 16, of the rack 20 penetrates through the side wall of the screening cavity 12 and extends to the bottom of the screening cavity 12, a gear 19 and the rack 20 are in meshing transmission, and the compression cavity 15 is communicated with the screening cavity 12 through a conduit;
when the crushed peanuts fall into the screening chamber 12, the peanuts extrude the guide plate 13, the guide plate 13 moves up and down, so that the guide plate 13 extrudes the buffer plate 17, the buffer plate is screened by the upper screen 14, then the buffer plate 17 extrudes the second hinged rod 22, the second hinged rod 22 drives the first hinged rod 21 to move, the first hinged rod 21 drives the gear 19 to rotate, the gear 19 drives the rack 20 to move, the rack 20 pushes the piston plate 16 to slide, the piston plate 16 pumps air in the compression chamber 15 into the screening chamber 12, and the accumulation of the peanuts is further avoided;
the arrangement of the anti-blocking component realizes blowing off of accumulated peanuts on the upper screen mesh 14, accumulation of the upper screen mesh 14 is avoided, meanwhile, the arrangement of the screening component realizes sufficient screening of the peanuts, and screening efficiency is improved.
Be provided with refrigeration assembly in the cooling chamber 3, refrigeration assembly includes second work motor 23 and (mixing) shaft 26, second work motor 23 fixed mounting is on the lateral wall of casing 1, and the output fixedly connected with (mixing) shaft 26 of second work motor 23, the lateral wall of cooling chamber 3 is run through to the one end of (mixing) shaft 26, and rotate and be connected with air exhauster 24, air exhauster 24 fixed mounting is on the 1 right side wall of casing, and air exhauster 24 is connected with cold air chamber 25, the horizontal equipartition has a plurality of first stirring rakes 27 on the (mixing) shaft 26.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1-2, in the embodiment of the present invention, a multi-stage filtration apparatus for separating protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts comprises a housing 1, wherein a feeding opening 5 is arranged at the top of the housing 1, a grinding chamber 2 for grinding peanuts, a screening chamber 12 for screening peanuts, a cooling chamber 3 for cooling peanuts, and an enzymolysis chamber 4 for separating protoplasts of peanuts are longitudinally and sequentially arranged in the housing 1, the upper part of the grinding chamber 2 is communicated with the feeding opening 5, the bottom of the grinding chamber 2 is communicated with the screening chamber 12, the top of the cooling chamber 3 is communicated with the screening chamber 12, the bottom of the cooling chamber 3 is communicated with the enzymolysis chamber 4, a grinding component is arranged in the grinding chamber 2, and a screening component is arranged in the screening chamber 12;
the grinding assembly comprises a first working motor 6 and a grinding roller 7, the first working motor 6 is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the shell 1, the output end of the first working motor 6 penetrates through the upper wall of the shell 1 and is fixedly connected with the grinding roller 7, the cross section of the grinding roller 7 is of an inverted isosceles trapezoid structure, and the side wall of the grinding cavity 2 is parallel to the outer wall of the grinding roller 7, so that the peanuts are conveniently extruded and crushed;
as shown in fig. 3-4, further, a plurality of auxiliary components 8 are uniformly distributed in the middle of the grinding roll 7, each auxiliary component 8 includes a grinding ball mounting seat 9 and a grinding ball 10, the grinding ball mounting seat 9 is fixedly connected with the grinding roll 7 through a bolt, the grinding ball 10 is mounted in the grinding ball mounting seat 9, the grinding ball mounting seat 9 is rotatably connected with the grinding ball 10, a plurality of crushing saw teeth 11 are uniformly distributed on the outer portion of the grinding ball 10, and the crushing saw teeth 11 are made of stainless steel;
when the peanuts need to be milled, the first working motor 6 is started, the first working motor 6 drives the milling roller 7 to rotate, so that the milling roller 7 drives the auxiliary assembly 8 to rotate, the auxiliary assembly 8 drives the milling ball 10 and the crushing saw teeth 11 to rotate, milling and crushing of the peanuts are realized, and extraction of original biomass of the peanuts is facilitated;
the subassembly that mills has realized the crushing processing to the peanut, and for prior art, the auxiliary assembly 8 of its setting is showing and has improved the crushing effect, has avoided the caking of the back peanut that pulverizes to filtration and extraction efficiency have been improved.
The filtering component comprises a guide plate 13 and an upper screen 14, the bottom of the guide plate 13 is provided with the upper screen 14, the guide plate 13 is connected with the upper screen 14 through a buckle, a buffer plate 17 is arranged below the guide plate 13, a plurality of buffer springs 18 for protecting the guide plate 13 are uniformly distributed between the guide plate 13 and the buffer plate 17, the guide plate 13 is connected with the side wall of the screening cavity 12 in a sliding manner, and the buffer plate 17 is elastically connected with the side wall of the screening cavity 12;
as shown in fig. 5-6, two compression chambers 15 are symmetrically arranged on two sides of the screening chamber 12, an anti-blocking assembly is arranged at the bottom of the screening chamber 12, the anti-blocking assembly comprises a gear 19, the gear 19 is rotatably connected with the side wall of the screening chamber 12, a first hinge rod 21 is hinged to the front side of the gear 19, a second hinge rod 22 is hinged to one end, away from the gear 19, of the first hinge rod 21, and one end, away from the rack 20, of the second hinge rod 22 is hinged to the buffer plate 17;
a piston plate 16 is movably arranged in the compression cavity 15, a rack 20 is fixedly connected to one side of the piston plate 16, one end, far away from the piston plate 16, of the rack 20 penetrates through the side wall of the screening cavity 12 and extends to the bottom of the screening cavity 12, a gear 19 and the rack 20 are in meshing transmission, and the compression cavity 15 is communicated with the screening cavity 12 through a conduit;
when the crushed peanuts fall into the screening chamber 12, the peanuts extrude the guide plate 13, the guide plate 13 moves up and down, so that the guide plate 13 extrudes the buffer plate 17, the buffer plate is screened by the upper screen 14, then the buffer plate 17 extrudes the second hinged rod 22, the second hinged rod 22 drives the first hinged rod 21 to move, the first hinged rod 21 drives the gear 19 to rotate, the gear 19 drives the rack 20 to move, the rack 20 pushes the piston plate 16 to slide, the piston plate 16 pumps air in the compression chamber 15 into the screening chamber 12, and the accumulation of the peanuts is further avoided;
the arrangement of the anti-blocking component realizes blowing off of accumulated peanuts on the upper screen mesh 14, accumulation of the upper screen mesh 14 is avoided, meanwhile, the arrangement of the screening component realizes sufficient screening of the peanuts, and screening efficiency is improved.
A refrigerating assembly is arranged in the cooling cavity 3, the refrigerating assembly comprises a second working motor 23 and a stirring shaft 26, the second working motor 23 is fixedly arranged on the side wall of the shell 1, the output end of the second working motor 23 is fixedly connected with the stirring shaft 26, one end of the stirring shaft 26 penetrates through the side wall of the cooling cavity 3 and is rotatably connected with an exhaust fan 24, the exhaust fan 24 is fixedly arranged on the right side wall of the shell 1, the exhaust fan 24 is connected with a cold air cavity 25, and a plurality of first stirring paddles 27 are horizontally and uniformly distributed on the stirring shaft 26;
as shown in fig. 7, a plurality of vents 29 are uniformly distributed on the first stirring paddle 27, a sliding sleeve 28 is further sleeved outside the first stirring paddle 27, the first stirring paddle 27 is slidably connected with the sliding sleeve 28, and the sliding sleeve 28 is made of an elastomer material.
The second working motor 23 starts to drive the stirring shaft 26 to rotate, the stirring shaft 26 drives the first stirring paddle 27 to rotate, and the first stirring paddle 27 drives the sliding sleeve 28 to slide along the first stirring paddle 27, so that the intermittent spraying of cold air is realized, and the sufficient refrigeration treatment of peanuts is realized.
The refrigeration assembly plays a role in auxiliary heat dissipation of the peanuts, so that the problem that the internal matrix is damaged due to excessive heat in the smashing process of the peanuts is solved, and the extraction efficiency of the peanuts is improved.
The lateral wall in enzymolysis chamber 4 has been seted up the resolvase and has been added the mouth, the top fixed mounting in enzymolysis chamber 4 has third work motor 30, the output fixedly connected with second stirring rake 31 of third work motor 30, vertical equipartition has a plurality of supplementary blades 32 on the second stirring rake 31, the effect of refining peanut and stirring peanut has been played in setting up of supplementary blade 32, the bottom fixed mounting of second stirring rake 31 has spiral lifting oar 33, the bottom slope in enzymolysis chamber 4 is provided with down screen cloth 34, lower screen cloth 34 is used for the solid-liquid separation of peanut protoplasm.
The third working motor 30 is started to drive the second stirring paddle 31, the auxiliary blade 32 and the spiral lifting paddle 33 to rotate, so that stirring and mixing treatment of the crushed peanuts is realized, the contact area between the crushed peanuts and the decomposing enzyme is increased, and the extraction efficiency is improved.
In summary, the working principle of the invention is as follows: the third working motor 30 is started to drive the second stirring paddle 31, the auxiliary blade 32 and the spiral lifting paddle 33 to rotate, so that stirring and mixing treatment of the crushed peanuts is realized, the contact area between the crushed peanuts and the decomposing enzyme is increased, and the extraction efficiency is improved;
the second working motor 23 starts to drive the stirring shaft 26 to rotate, the stirring shaft 26 drives the first stirring paddle 27 to rotate, and the first stirring paddle 27 drives the sliding sleeve 28 to slide along the first stirring paddle 27, so that the intermittent spraying of cold air is realized, and the sufficient refrigeration treatment of peanuts is realized.
When the crushed peanuts fall into the screening chamber 12, the peanuts extrude the guide plate 13, the guide plate 13 moves up and down, so that the guide plate 13 extrudes the buffer plate 17, the buffer plate is screened by the upper screen 14, then the buffer plate 17 extrudes the second hinged rod 22, the second hinged rod 22 drives the first hinged rod 21 to move, the first hinged rod 21 drives the gear 19 to rotate, the gear 19 drives the rack 20 to move, the rack 20 pushes the piston plate 16 to slide, the piston plate 16 pumps air in the compression chamber 15 into the screening chamber 12, and the accumulation of the peanuts is further avoided;
when the peanuts need to be milled, the first working motor 6 is started, the first working motor 6 drives the milling roller 7 to rotate, so that the milling roller 7 drives the auxiliary assembly 8 to rotate, the auxiliary assembly 8 drives the milling ball 10 and the crushing saw teeth 11 to rotate, milling and crushing of the peanuts are realized, and extraction of original biomass of the peanuts is facilitated;
the subassembly that mills has realized the crushing processing to the peanut, and for prior art, the auxiliary assembly 8 of its setting is showing and has improved the crushing effect, has avoided the caking of the back peanut that pulverizes to filtration and extraction efficiency have been improved.
According to the embodiment of the invention, the refrigeration component is arranged, and the arrangement of the refrigeration component plays a role in auxiliary heat dissipation on the peanuts, so that the problem that internal matrixes are damaged due to excessive heat in the crushing process of the peanuts is solved, the extraction efficiency of the peanuts is improved, the arrangement of the anti-blocking component realizes blowing off of the peanuts stacked on the upper screen mesh 14, the stacking of the upper screen mesh 14 is avoided, meanwhile, the arrangement of the screening component realizes full screening of the peanuts, and the screening efficiency is improved.
Although several embodiments and examples of the present invention have been described for those skilled in the art, these embodiments and examples are presented as examples and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention. These new embodiments can be implemented in other various ways, and various omissions, substitutions, and changes can be made without departing from the spirit of the invention. These embodiments and modifications thereof are included in the scope and gist of the invention, and are included in the invention described in the claims and the equivalent scope thereof.
Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (7)

1. The multistage filtering device for separating the protoplasts of different tissue organs of the peanut comprises a shell (1), wherein a feeding port (5) is arranged at the top of the shell (1), a grinding cavity (2) for grinding the peanut, a screening cavity (12) for screening the peanut, a cooling cavity (3) for cooling the peanut and an enzymolysis cavity (4) for separating the protoplast of the peanut are longitudinally and sequentially arranged in the shell (1), and the multistage filtering device is characterized in that the upper part of the grinding cavity (2) is communicated with the feeding port (5), the bottom of the grinding cavity (2) is communicated with the screening cavity (12), the top of the cooling cavity (3) is communicated with the screening cavity (12), the bottom of the cooling cavity (3) is communicated with the enzymolysis cavity (4), a grinding component is arranged in the grinding cavity (2), and a screening component is arranged in the screening cavity (12); a filtering component is arranged in the screening cavity (12); the grinding assembly comprises a first working motor (6) and a grinding roller (7); a plurality of auxiliary components (8) are uniformly distributed in the middle of the grinding roller (7), each auxiliary component (8) comprises a grinding ball mounting seat (9) and a grinding ball (10), each grinding ball mounting seat (9) is fixedly connected with the grinding roller (7) through a bolt, each grinding ball (10) is mounted in each grinding ball mounting seat (9), each grinding ball mounting seat (9) is rotatably connected with each grinding ball (10), a plurality of crushing sawteeth (11) are uniformly distributed outside each grinding ball (10), and each crushing sawteeth (11) are made of stainless steel; the filtering component comprises a guide plate (13) and an upper screen (14), the bottom of the guide plate (13) is provided with the upper screen (14), the guide plate (13) is connected with the upper screen (14) through a buckle, a buffer plate (17) is arranged below the guide plate (13), a plurality of buffer springs (18) used for protecting the guide plate (13) are uniformly distributed between the guide plate (13) and the buffer plate (17), the guide plate (13) is connected with the side wall of the screening cavity (12) in a sliding mode, and the buffer plate (17) is elastically connected with the side wall of the screening cavity (12); the bilateral symmetry of screening chamber (12) is provided with two compression chamber (15), the bottom in screening chamber (12) is provided with prevents stifled subassembly, prevent blockking up the subassembly and include gear (19), the lateral wall rotation of gear (19) and screening chamber (12) is connected, and the front side of gear (19) articulates there is first articulated rod (21), the one end that gear (19) were kept away from in first articulated rod (21) articulates there is second articulated rod (22), the one end that rack (20) were kept away from in second articulated rod (22) is articulated with buffer board (17).
2. The multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts as claimed in claim 1, wherein the first working motor (6) is fixedly arranged on the upper surface of the shell (1), the output end of the first working motor (6) penetrates through the upper wall of the shell (1), and a grinding roller (7) is fixedly connected, the cross section of the grinding roller (7) is of an inverted isosceles trapezoid structure, and the side wall of the grinding cavity (2) is arranged in parallel with the outer wall of the grinding roller (7), thereby facilitating the extrusion and crushing of peanuts.
3. The multistage filtering device for separating the protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts as claimed in claim 1, wherein a piston plate (16) is movably arranged in the compression chamber (15), a rack (20) is fixedly connected to one side of the piston plate (16), one end of the rack (20) far away from the piston plate (16) penetrates through the side wall of the screening chamber (12) and extends to the bottom of the screening chamber (12), the gear (19) and the rack (20) are in meshing transmission, and the compression chamber (15) is communicated with the screening chamber (12) through a conduit.
4. The multistage filtering device for separating the protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 3, wherein a refrigerating component is arranged in the cooling chamber (3), the refrigerating component comprises a second working motor (23) and a stirring shaft (26), the second working motor (23) is fixedly installed on the side wall of the shell (1), the output end of the second working motor (23) is fixedly connected with the stirring shaft (26), one end of the stirring shaft (26) penetrates through the side wall of the cooling chamber (3) and is rotatably connected with an exhaust fan (24), the exhaust fan (24) is fixedly installed on the right side wall of the shell (1), the exhaust fan (24) is connected with a cold air chamber (25), and a plurality of first stirring paddles (27) are horizontally and uniformly distributed on the stirring shaft (26).
5. The multistage filtering device for separating the protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts as claimed in claim 4, wherein a plurality of ventilation openings (29) are uniformly distributed on the first stirring paddle (27), a sliding sleeve (28) is further sleeved outside the first stirring paddle (27), the first stirring paddle (27) and the sliding sleeve (28) are slidably connected, and the sliding sleeve (28) is made of an elastomer material.
6. The multistage filtering device for separating the protoplasts of different tissues and organs of peanuts according to any one of claims 2 to 3, wherein a resolvase adding port is formed in the side wall of the enzymolysis cavity (4), a third working motor (30) is fixedly installed at the top of the enzymolysis cavity (4), a second stirring paddle (31) is fixedly connected with the output end of the third working motor (30), a plurality of auxiliary blades (32) are longitudinally and uniformly distributed on the second stirring paddle (31), and a spiral lifting paddle (33) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the second stirring paddle (31).
7. The multistage filter device for separating the protoplasts of different tissue organs of peanuts as claimed in any one of claims 2 to 3, wherein the bottom of the enzymolysis chamber (4) is obliquely provided with a lower screen (34).
CN202110197738.1A 2021-02-22 2021-02-22 Multistage filtering device for separating protoplasts of different tissues and organs of peanuts Active CN112852623B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4927030A (en) * 1988-11-07 1990-05-22 Doster Warehouse Method and apparatus for debris screening and sorting of peanuts
CN204444129U (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-07-08 江西颖川堂绿色食品有限公司 A kind of navel orange breaker
CN108772123A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-11-09 福建省南安市霞美电子设备厂 A kind of Lowtemperaturepulverizer for crushing high-lipid material
CN111250397A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-09 点栈(绍兴)智能科技有限公司 Inclined bucket type particle multistage screening device applying magnetite and application method

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4927030A (en) * 1988-11-07 1990-05-22 Doster Warehouse Method and apparatus for debris screening and sorting of peanuts
CN204444129U (en) * 2015-02-05 2015-07-08 江西颖川堂绿色食品有限公司 A kind of navel orange breaker
CN108772123A (en) * 2018-04-27 2018-11-09 福建省南安市霞美电子设备厂 A kind of Lowtemperaturepulverizer for crushing high-lipid material
CN111250397A (en) * 2020-03-09 2020-06-09 点栈(绍兴)智能科技有限公司 Inclined bucket type particle multistage screening device applying magnetite and application method

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