CN112847048B - Crystal processing equipment - Google Patents

Crystal processing equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112847048B
CN112847048B CN202011639713.4A CN202011639713A CN112847048B CN 112847048 B CN112847048 B CN 112847048B CN 202011639713 A CN202011639713 A CN 202011639713A CN 112847048 B CN112847048 B CN 112847048B
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China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
chamber
hole
gear
fixed
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CN202011639713.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112847048A (en
Inventor
张国迁
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Zhejiang Maofeng Handicraft Co ltd
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Zhejiang Maofeng Handicraft Co ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/22Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant
    • B24B55/03Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant designed as a complete equipment for feeding or clarifying coolant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/12Devices for exhausting mist of oil or coolant; Devices for collecting or recovering materials resulting from grinding or polishing, e.g. of precious metals, precious stones, diamonds or the like
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B57/00Devices for feeding, applying, grading or recovering grinding, polishing or lapping agents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B57/00Devices for feeding, applying, grading or recovering grinding, polishing or lapping agents
    • B24B57/02Devices for feeding, applying, grading or recovering grinding, polishing or lapping agents for feeding of fluid, sprayed, pulverised, or liquefied grinding, polishing or lapping agents
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/048Purification of waste water by evaporation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/66Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by neutralisation; pH adjustment

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Physical Or Chemical Processes And Apparatus (AREA)
  • Vaporization, Distillation, Condensation, Sublimation, And Cold Traps (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses crystal processing equipment. It includes the frame, be equipped with the groove of polishing on the frame, the inslot internal rotation of polishing is connected with the mill, be fixed with reaction chamber, evaporating chamber and oil water separation room on the frame, groove and reaction chamber pipe connection of polishing, reaction chamber and evaporating chamber pipe connection, condensation component is installed to evaporation chamber and oil water separation room pipe connection and junction between them. The invention has the beneficial effects that: the crystal can be processed while the waste water generated by the crystal can be effectively recycled, so that the industrial requirements of environmental protection and energy saving are met; the treatment effect of the waste water is well ensured.

Description

Crystal processing equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of crystals, in particular to a crystal processing device.
Background
The crystal is widely liked by the glittering and translucent appearance because of the shape of the crystal in various postures, and therefore, a plurality of ornaments mainly taking the crystal also extend. In the process of manufacturing the crystal, the material selection and design are firstly carried out, and then a series of procedures such as cutting, die casting, punching, grinding, polishing, cleaning and the like are carried out on the crystal blank by utilizing a processing device. The produced sewage has high concentration, strong viscosity, complex components and great influence on the environment.
The water consumption of the crystal deep processing industry is mainly in the pretreatment process including edging, drilling cooling water and washing water, the wastewater generated in the pretreatment process contains a large amount of crystal silicon powder and a small amount of silicon powder, diamond grit, cutting kerosene, a cleaning agent and citric acid, and if the wastewater is not treated and directly discharged, certain pollution can be caused, and river organisms are damaged. However, the existing crystal processing equipment does not have the function of wastewater treatment.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides crystal processing equipment with a wastewater treatment function, aiming at overcoming the defect of lack of a wastewater treatment function in the prior art.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a quartzy processing equipment, includes the frame, be equipped with the groove of polishing on the frame, the inslot internal rotation of polishing is connected with the mill, be fixed with reaction chamber, evaporating chamber and water oil separating room on the frame, groove and reaction chamber pipe connection polish, reaction chamber and evaporating chamber pipe connection, the condensation subassembly is installed to evaporation chamber and water oil separating room pipe connection and junction between them.
The grinding disc is used for grinding the crystal, and wastewater generated in the grinding process flows into the reaction chamber through the grinding groove to be treated. Through the design of a reaction chamber, the PH of the waste liquid after crystal polishing is adjusted, the acid solution in the waste liquid is neutralized, and the waste liquid is adjusted into the solution only containing kerosene and inorganic salt. Through the design of the evaporation chamber, the neutralized solution is subjected to evaporation crystallization filtration, kerosene and moisture are discharged into the oil-water separation chamber through the condensation component in a gas form for oil-water separation, and the remaining inorganic salt is separated in the evaporation chamber. Through the design of condensation subassembly and oil-water separation room, the mixed gas of water oil condensation becomes oil-water mixed liquid again and carries out oil-water separation to retrieve respectively, in order to accomplish the effective processing to quartzy waste water recovery, accorded with environmental protection and energy saving's industrial requirement.
Preferably, a plurality of sewage draining ports are formed in the bottom surface of the grinding groove, a first filter screen is installed at the sewage draining ports, a reaction chamber is arranged below the grinding groove and provided with a reaction liquid feeding port, a rotating pipe is installed on the top surface of the reaction chamber, the upper end of the rotating pipe is communicated with the sewage draining ports through a collecting pipe, and the lower end of the rotating pipe is arranged inside the reaction chamber. Through the design of the first filter screen, the preliminary filtration effect of waste water is played, solid waste residues contained in the waste water are filtered in the polishing groove, and the solution part sequentially flows into the reaction chamber through the sewage draining outlet, the collecting pipe and the rotating pipe. The alkaline solution can be fed into the reaction chamber through the reaction liquid feeding hole by workers, and the waste water in the reaction chamber is neutralized, so that acid in the subsequent waste water is prevented from generating or becoming acid gas in the evaporation process and mixing into oil-water mixed gas, and the treatment effect of the waste water is ensured.
Preferably, the rotating pipe is connected with the reaction chamber in a rotating mode, a rotating disc is fixed on the lower end face of the rotating pipe, a rotating disc cavity is arranged inside the rotating disc, the rotating disc cavity is communicated with the rotating pipe, a plurality of first through holes are formed in the bottom face of the rotating disc cavity, and a plurality of stirring rods are fixed at the edge of the lower end face of the rotating disc. The waste water flows into the cavity of the turntable through the rotating pipe and is discharged into the reaction chamber through the through hole. Through the rotation of rotating tube, produce centrifugal force, make waste water can fall in the reaction chamber dispersedly to through the cooperation of puddler, stir the mixed solution in the reaction chamber, improved the neutralization reaction rate of mixed solution in the reaction chamber greatly.
Preferably, the evaporation chamber is fixed on the lower end face of the reaction chamber, a second through hole is formed in the bottom face of the reaction chamber, a third through hole matched with the second through hole is formed in the top face of the evaporation chamber, the third through hole is arranged right below the second through hole and is in sealed connection with the second through hole, the reaction chamber is communicated with the evaporation chamber through the second through hole and the third through hole, and a second filter screen and a valve core are installed in the second through hole. The solution after the reaction in the reaction chamber is finished can flow into the evaporation chamber through the second through hole and the third through hole in sequence. The valve core plays a role in controlling the opening and closing of the through hole II, and the filter screen II plays a role in filtering solid precipitates generated by neutralization reaction.
Preferably, a reaction chamber cavity is arranged at the bottom of the reaction chamber, the side face of the second through hole is arranged in the reaction chamber cavity, a first rotating shaft and a second rotating shaft are connected in the reaction chamber cavity in a rotating mode, the first rotating shaft is connected with a first gear in a sliding mode, the second rotating shaft and the first rotating shaft are arranged in parallel and are fixedly provided with a second gear matched with the first gear, the second rotating shaft penetrates through the second through hole and is rotatably connected with the second through hole, the valve core is fixed on the second rotating shaft, a third rotating shaft is fixed at the central position of the lower end face of the rotary table and penetrates through the reaction chamber cavity and is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber cavity, and the third rotating shaft and the first rotating shaft are vertically arranged and are provided with a worm part matched with the first gear. And in a natural state, the first gear on the first rotating shaft is meshed with the worm part on the third rotating shaft, and the valve core at the second through hole is in a closed state. During the neutralization reaction, the first rotating shaft is controlled to rotate, and the second rotating shaft and the turntable on the second rotating shaft are driven to rotate under the matching of the first gear and the worm part, so that the reaction rate is accelerated; after the reaction is finished, the first gear slides on the first rotating shaft, the first gear slides to the side face of the second gear to be meshed with the second gear, the second rotating shaft and the valve core on the second rotating shaft are driven to rotate under the matching of the first gear and the second gear, and the second through hole is opened so that the solution can flow into the evaporation chamber through the second through hole and the third through hole.
Preferably, the valve core is positioned below the second filter screen and is cylindrical, a valve core mounting groove matched with the valve core is formed in the inner side wall of the second through hole, the valve core is arranged in the valve core mounting groove and is rotatably connected with the second through hole, a valve core opening is formed in the side surface of the valve core, the height of the valve core opening is smaller than the radius of the cross section of the valve core, the radial width of the valve core opening is smaller than the diameter of the cross section of the valve core, and a reset eccentric block is fixed in the valve core opening. And in a natural state, the opening of the valve core is positioned below the valve core under the action of gravity of the reset eccentric block, and at the moment, the valve core blocks the second through hole which is closed. When the valve core is driven by the second rotating shaft to rotate, the valve core opening on the valve core also rotates along with the second rotating shaft, and when the valve core opening rotates to the front side position or the rear side position of the valve core, the solution can flow into the evaporation chamber from the valve core opening at the moment.
Preferably, mounting seats are fixed on two sides of an upper opening of the second through hole, a spiral stirring shaft is installed between the two mounting seats, the spiral stirring shaft is rotatably connected with the mounting seats and located right above the second through hole, a third gear is fixed on the spiral stirring shaft and located inside one of the mounting seats, a fourth gear is fixed on the second rotating shaft, and the third gear is meshed with the fourth gear. When the second rotating shaft rotates, on the one hand, the valve core is opened to enable the solution after reaction to flow into the evaporation chamber, on the other hand, the third gear and the fourth gear are matched to drive the spiral stirring shaft to rotate, and the rotary stirring is carried out above the second through hole, so that the solid precipitate generated by the neutralization reaction is prevented from being accumulated at the second through hole to block the second filter screen, and the solution is guaranteed to flow into the evaporation chamber smoothly.
Preferably, a rotating motor is fixed on the side wall of the reaction chamber cavity, the first rotating shaft is installed on the rotating motor and is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber cavity through the rotating motor, a rotating shaft cavity is arranged inside the rotating shaft I, an axial opening is arranged on the side wall of the rotating shaft cavity, a gear through hole matched with the rotating shaft I is arranged on the gear I, a sliding block matched with the axial opening is fixed on the inner side wall of the gear through hole, the first gear is in sliding connection with the first rotating shaft through the matching of the sliding block and the axial opening, an iron block is in sliding connection with the cavity of the rotating shaft, the worm gear is characterized in that the iron block is fixedly connected with the sliding block, a first electromagnetic generator corresponding to the worm part in position and a second electromagnetic generator matched with the gear II in position are fixed on the inner side wall of the rotating shaft cavity, and a return spring is fixed between the end face of the rotating shaft cavity and the iron block. And in a natural state, the first gear on the first rotating shaft is meshed with the worm part on the third rotating shaft, and the valve core at the second through hole is in a closed state. During the neutralization reaction, the rotating motor works to drive the first rotating shaft to rotate, and the second rotating shaft and the turntable on the second rotating shaft are driven to rotate under the matching of the first gear and the worm part so as to accelerate the reaction rate; and simultaneously, the electromagnetic generator is started to generate magnetic force on the iron block so as to keep the position of the first gear fixed. After the reaction is finished, the first electromagnetic generator is closed, the second electromagnetic generator is started, the iron block drives the first gear to slide to the position of the second gear to be meshed with the second gear under the action of the magnetic force of the second electromagnetic generator, the second gear and the valve core on the second gear are driven to rotate under the cooperation of the first gear and the second gear, and the second through hole is opened so that the solution can flow into the evaporation chamber through the second through hole and the third through hole; and meanwhile, the spiral stirring shaft is driven to rotate, and the rotary stirring is carried out above the second through hole, so that the blockage of the second filter screen caused by the accumulation of solid precipitates generated by the neutralization reaction at the second through hole is prevented. The return spring plays a role in returning the first gear, and plays a role in buffering the meshing process of the first gear.
Preferably, the oil-water separation chamber is fixed on the lower end face of the reaction chamber and arranged on the side face of the evaporation chamber, the condensation assembly comprises a condensation cavity fixed on the evaporation chamber and the oil-water separation chamber, a first pipeline connector is arranged on the side wall of the evaporation chamber, a second pipeline connector is arranged on the side wall of the oil-water separation chamber, the first pipeline connector is higher than the second pipeline connector, the first pipeline connector and the second pipeline connector are communicated through a connecting pipeline, a step portion is arranged on the connecting pipeline, and the step portion is arranged inside the condensation cavity. The oil-water mixed gas generated by evaporation of the evaporation chamber can enter the oil-water separation chamber through the first pipeline joint, the connecting pipeline and the second pipeline joint in sequence. Wherein, the condensation cavity is provided with cooling water circulation which can condense the oil-water mixed gas passing through the connecting pipeline into liquid state and flow into the oil-water separation chamber so as to carry out oil-water separation. Through the design of ladder portion, prolonged the time that oil water mist passes through the condensation chamber to improved the condensation chamber and to oil water mist's condensation time, improved condensation efficiency.
Preferably, a heating plate is fixed on the bottom surface of the evaporation chamber, a fan and an oil-water separation device are installed in the oil-water separation chamber, the fan is arranged on the side surface of the second pipeline joint, and a feed inlet of the oil-water separation device is arranged under the second pipeline joint. The solution flowing into the evaporation chamber is heated and evaporated by the heating plate, wherein kerosene and water in the solution are evaporated and then sucked into the connecting pipeline under the action of the fan, and are liquefied by the condensation cavity and then flow into the oil-water separation device in the oil-water separation chamber for oil-water separation, wherein inorganic salt in the solution forms crystals in the evaporation chamber and is separated.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the crystal can be processed while the waste water generated by the crystal can be effectively recycled, so that the industrial requirements of environmental protection and energy saving are met; the treatment effect of the waste water is well ensured.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view taken at A-A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view at B in FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of the first rotating shaft in FIG. 2;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the condensation chamber of fig. 1.
In the figure: 1. the device comprises a base, 2 parts of a grinding groove, 3 parts of a grinding disc, 4 parts of a first filter screen, 5 parts of a drain outlet, 6 parts of a collecting pipe, 7 parts of a reaction liquid feeding hole, 8 parts of a reaction chamber, 9 parts of a first pipeline joint, 10 parts of an evaporation chamber, 11 parts of a condensation chamber, 12 parts of a second pipeline joint, 13 parts of an oil-water separation chamber, 14 parts of a fan, 15 parts of a third rotating shaft, 16 parts of a stirring rod, 17 parts of a first through hole, 18 parts of a rotating disc, 19 parts of a rotating disc cavity, 20 parts of a rotating pipe, 21 parts of a first rotating shaft, 22 parts of a first gear, 23 parts of a worm, 24 parts of a second rotating shaft, 25 parts of a second through hole, 26 parts of a valve core, 27 parts of a fourth gear, 28 parts of a reaction chamber cavity, 29 parts of a second gear, 30 parts of a rotating motor, 31 parts of a third through hole, 32 parts of a reset eccentric block, 33 parts of a valve core opening, 34 parts of a valve core mounting groove, 35 parts of a second filter screen, 36. the spiral stirring shaft 37, the gear III, 38, the mounting seat 39, the rotating shaft cavity 40, the electromagnetic generator II, 41, the axial opening 42, the gear through hole 43, the sliding block 43, the iron block 44, the electromagnetic generator I, 46, the return spring 47, the step part 48 and the connecting pipeline 48.
Detailed Description
The invention is further described with reference to the following figures and detailed description.
In the embodiment shown in fig. 1, a crystal processing apparatus includes a base 1, a polishing groove 2 is provided on the base 1, a grinding disc 3 is rotatably connected in the polishing groove 2, a reaction chamber 8, an evaporation chamber 10 and an oil-water separation chamber 13 are fixed on the base 1, the polishing groove 2 is connected with the reaction chamber 8 through a pipeline, the reaction chamber 8 is connected with the evaporation chamber 10 through a pipeline, the evaporation chamber 10 is connected with the oil-water separation chamber 13 through a pipeline, and a condensation component is installed at the joint of the two.
As shown in fig. 1, a plurality of sewage outlets 5 are arranged on the bottom surface of the polishing groove 2, a first filter screen 4 is installed at the sewage outlets 5, a reaction chamber 8 is arranged below the polishing groove 2 and provided with a reaction liquid feed inlet 7, a rotating pipe 20 is installed on the top surface of the reaction chamber 8, the upper end of the rotating pipe 20 is communicated with the sewage outlets 5 through a collecting pipe 6, and the lower end of the rotating pipe 20 is arranged inside the reaction chamber 8.
As shown in figure 1, a rotating tube 20 is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber 8, a rotating disc 18 is fixed on the lower end face of the rotating tube 20, a rotating disc cavity 19 is arranged inside the rotating disc 18, the rotating disc cavity 19 is communicated with the rotating tube 20, a plurality of first through holes 17 are formed in the bottom face of the rotating disc cavity 19, and a plurality of stirring rods 16 are fixed on the edge of the lower end face of the rotating disc 18.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the evaporation chamber 10 is fixed on the lower end surface of the reaction chamber 8, the bottom surface of the reaction chamber 8 is provided with a second through hole 25, the top surface of the evaporation chamber 10 is provided with a third through hole 31 matched with the second through hole 25, the third through hole 31 is arranged right below the second through hole 25 and is hermetically connected with the second through hole 25, the reaction chamber 8 is communicated with the evaporation chamber 10 through the second through hole 25 and the third through hole 31, and the second filter screen 35 and the valve core 26 are installed in the second through hole 25.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a reaction chamber cavity 28 is formed at the bottom of the reaction chamber 8, the reaction chamber cavity 28 is disposed on the side of the second through hole 25, a first rotating shaft 21 and a second rotating shaft 24 are rotatably connected to the reaction chamber cavity 28, a first gear 22 is slidably connected to the first rotating shaft 21, the second rotating shaft 24 and the first rotating shaft 21 are arranged in parallel, a second gear 29 matched with the first gear 22 is fixed on the second rotating shaft 24, the second rotating shaft 24 penetrates through the second through hole 25 and is rotatably connected with the second through hole 25, a valve core 26 is fixed on the second rotating shaft 24, a third rotating shaft 15 is fixed at the central position of the lower end face of the rotating disc 18, the third rotating shaft 15 penetrates through the reaction chamber cavity 28 and is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber cavity 28, and the third rotating shaft 15 and the first rotating shaft 21 are vertically arranged and provided with a worm portion 23 matched with the first gear 22.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, the valve core 26 is located below the second filter screen 35 and is cylindrical, a valve core installation groove 34 matched with the valve core 26 is formed in the inner side wall of the second through hole 25, the valve core 26 is arranged in the valve core installation groove 34 and is rotatably connected with the second through hole 25, a valve core opening 33 is formed in the side surface of the valve core 26, the height of the valve core opening 33 is smaller than the radius of the cross section of the valve core 26, the radial width of the valve core opening 33 is smaller than the diameter of the cross section of the valve core 26, and a reset eccentric block 32 is fixed in the valve core opening 33.
As shown in fig. 1 and 3, mounting seats 38 are fixed on both sides of the opening on the second through hole 25, a spiral stirring shaft 36 is installed between the two mounting seats 38, the spiral stirring shaft 36 is rotatably connected with the mounting seats 38 and is located right above the second through hole 25, a third gear 37 is fixed on the spiral stirring shaft 36, the third gear 37 is located inside one of the mounting seats 38, a fourth gear 27 is fixed on the second rotating shaft 24, and the third gear 37 is meshed with the fourth gear 27.
As shown in fig. 1 and 2, a rotating motor 30 is fixed on the side wall of the reaction chamber cavity 28, a first rotating shaft 21 is installed on the rotating motor 30 and is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber cavity 28 through the rotating motor 30, a rotating shaft cavity 39 is arranged inside the first rotating shaft 21, as shown in fig. 4, an axial opening 41 is arranged on the side wall of the rotating shaft cavity 39, a first gear 22 is provided with a gear through hole 42 matched with the first rotating shaft 21, a sliding block 43 matched with the axial opening 41 is fixed on the inner side wall of the gear through hole 42, the first gear 22 is slidably connected with the first rotating shaft 21 through the matching of the sliding block 43 and the axial opening 41, an iron block 44 is slidably connected in the rotating shaft cavity 39, the iron block 44 is fixedly connected with the sliding block 43, a first electromagnetic generator 45 corresponding to the position of the worm part 23 and a second electromagnetic generator 40 matched with the position of the second gear 29 are fixed on the inner side wall of the rotating shaft cavity 39, a return spring 46 is fixed between the end surface of the rotating shaft cavity 39 and the iron block 44.
As shown in fig. 1 and 5, the oil-water separation chamber 13 is fixed on the lower end face of the reaction chamber 8 and is arranged on the side face of the evaporation chamber 10, the condensation assembly comprises a condensation cavity 11 fixed on the evaporation chamber 10 and the oil-water separation chamber 13, a first pipeline joint 9 is arranged on the side wall of the evaporation chamber 10, a second pipeline joint 12 is arranged on the side wall of the oil-water separation chamber 13, the first pipeline joint 9 is higher than the second pipeline joint 12, the first pipeline joint 9 and the second pipeline joint 12 are communicated through a connecting pipeline 48, a stepped portion 47 is arranged on the connecting pipeline 48, and the stepped portion 47 is arranged inside the condensation cavity 11.
As shown in fig. 1, a heating plate is fixed on the bottom surface of the evaporation chamber 10, a fan 14 and an oil-water separation device are installed in the oil-water separation chamber 13, the fan 14 is arranged on the side surface of the second pipe joint 12, and a feed inlet of the oil-water separation device is arranged right below the second pipe joint 12.
The working principle is as follows:
firstly, when a worker places the crystal in the grinding disc 3 for grinding, waste water (cooling liquid, lubricating liquid, washing liquid and the like) generated in the grinding process of the crystal is primarily filtered by the filter screen I4 through the drain outlet 5 of the grinding groove 2 and then flows into the reaction chamber 8 filled with alkaline solution through the collecting pipe 6, the rotating pipe 20, the turntable cavity 19 and the through hole I17 in sequence for neutralization reaction. At the moment, the rotating motor 30 works to drive the first rotating shaft 21 to rotate, and under the coordination of the first gear 22 and the worm part 23, the second rotating shaft 24 and the rotating disc 18 on the second rotating shaft are driven to rotate firstly, so that the reaction rate is accelerated; and simultaneously, the electromagnetic generator I45 is started to generate magnetic force on the iron block 44 so as to keep the position of the gear I22 fixed.
Secondly, after the reaction is finished, the first electromagnetic generator 45 is closed, the second electromagnetic generator 40 is started, the iron block 44 drives the first gear 22 to slide to the position of the second gear 29 under the action of the magnetic force of the second electromagnetic generator 40 to be meshed with the second gear 29, the second rotating shaft 24 and the valve core 26 on the second rotating shaft are driven to rotate under the matching of the first gear 22 and the second gear 29, and the second through hole 25 is opened so that the solution can flow into the evaporation chamber 10 through the second through hole 25 and the third through hole 31; meanwhile, the spiral stirring shaft 36 is driven to rotate under the matching of the third gear 37 and the fourth gear 27, and the upper part of the second through hole 25 is stirred in a rotating mode, so that the solid generated by the neutralization reaction is prevented from being deposited on the second through hole 25 and blocking the second filter screen 35.
Thirdly, when the solution in the reaction chamber 8 completely flows into the evaporation chamber 10, the rotating motor 30 and the electromagnetic generator II 40 stop working, the gear I22 is reset under the elastic force of the reset spring 46 and is meshed with the worm part 23, and the valve core 26 is reset under the gravity action of the reset eccentric block 32 to block the through hole II 25 again. Then the heating plate in the evaporation chamber 10 works to heat and evaporate the solution flowing into the evaporation chamber 10, wherein kerosene and water in the solution are evaporated and then sucked into the connecting pipeline 48 under the action of the fan 14, and then the solution is liquefied by the condensation chamber 11 and flows into the oil-water separation device in the oil-water separation chamber 13 to be subjected to oil-water separation, wherein inorganic salt in the solution forms crystals in the evaporation chamber 10 and is separated.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a crystal processing device, characterized by, includes frame (1), be equipped with groove (2) of polishing on frame (1), groove (2) of polishing internal rotation is connected with mill (3), be fixed with on frame (1) reacting chamber (8), evaporating chamber (10) and water oil separating room (13), groove (2) of polishing and reacting chamber (8) pipe connection, reacting chamber (8) and evaporating chamber (10) pipe connection, evaporating chamber (10) and water oil separating room (13) pipe connection and the junction between them installs the condensation subassembly, be equipped with a plurality of drain (5) on the bottom surface of groove (2) of polishing, drain (5) department installs filter screen (4), reacting chamber (8) are arranged in the below of groove (2) of polishing and are equipped with reaction liquid feed inlet (7) on it, install rotating tube (20) on the top surface of reacting chamber (8), the upper end of the rotating pipe (20) is communicated with the sewage draining outlet (5) through a collecting pipe (6), the lower end of the rotating pipe (20) is arranged in the reaction chamber (8), the rotating pipe (20) is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber (8), a turntable (18) is fixed on the lower end face of the rotating pipe (20), a turntable cavity (19) is arranged in the turntable (18), the turntable cavity (19) is communicated with the rotating pipe (20), a plurality of first through holes (17) are formed in the bottom face of the turntable cavity (19), a plurality of stirring rods (16) are fixed at the edge of the lower end face of the turntable (18), the evaporation chamber (10) is fixed on the lower end face of the reaction chamber (8), a second through hole (25) is formed in the bottom face of the reaction chamber (8), and a third through hole (31) matched with the second through hole (25) is formed in the top face of the evaporation chamber (10), the device is characterized in that a through hole III (31) is arranged under a through hole II (25) and is in sealing connection with the through hole II (25), the reaction chamber (8) is communicated with the evaporation chamber (10) through the through hole II (25) and the through hole III (31), a filter screen II (35) and a valve core (26) are installed in the through hole II (25), a reaction chamber cavity (28) is arranged at the bottom of the reaction chamber (8), the reaction chamber cavity (28) is arranged on the side surface of the through hole II (25), a rotating shaft I (21) and a rotating shaft II (24) are rotationally connected in the reaction chamber cavity (28), a gear I (22) is slidably connected on the rotating shaft I (21), a gear II (29) matched with the gear I (22) is arranged in parallel with the rotating shaft I (24) and is fixed on the rotating shaft I (21), the rotating shaft II (24) penetrates through the through hole II (25) and is rotationally connected with the through hole II (25), and the valve core (26) is fixed on the rotating shaft II (24), a third rotating shaft (15) is fixed at the center of the lower end face of the rotating disc (18), the third rotating shaft (15) penetrates through the reaction chamber cavity (28) and is rotatably connected with the reaction chamber cavity (28), the third rotating shaft (15) and the first rotating shaft (21) are vertically arranged and are provided with a worm part (23) matched with the first gear (22), the valve core (26) is positioned below the second filter screen (35) and is cylindrical, a valve core installation groove (34) matched with the valve core (26) is formed in the inner side wall of the second through hole (25), the valve core (26) is arranged in the valve core installation groove (34) and is rotatably connected with the second through hole (25), a valve core opening (33) is formed in the side face of the valve core (26), the height of the valve core opening (33) is smaller than the radius of the cross section of the valve core (26), and the radial width of the valve core opening (33) is smaller than the diameter of the cross section of the valve core (26), a reset eccentric block (32) is fixed in the valve core opening (33), a rotating motor (30) is fixed on the side wall of the reaction chamber cavity (28), a first rotating shaft (21) is installed on the rotating motor (30) and is rotationally connected with the reaction chamber cavity (28) through the rotating motor (30), a rotating shaft cavity (39) is arranged in the first rotating shaft (21), an axial opening (41) is arranged on the side wall of the rotating shaft cavity (39), a gear through hole (42) matched with the first rotating shaft (21) is arranged on the first gear (22), a sliding block (43) matched with the axial opening (41) is fixed on the inner side wall of the gear through hole (42), the first gear (22) is slidably connected with the first rotating shaft (21) through the matching of the sliding block (43) and the axial opening (41), and an iron block (44) is slidably connected in the rotating shaft cavity (39), the worm gear mechanism is characterized in that the iron block (44) is fixedly connected with the sliding block (43), a first electromagnetic generator (45) corresponding to the position of the worm part (23) and a second electromagnetic generator (40) matched with the gear (29) in position are fixed on the inner side wall of the rotating shaft cavity (39), and a return spring (46) is fixed between the end face of the rotating shaft cavity (39) and the iron block (44).
2. The crystal processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein the two sides of the opening of the second through hole (25) are both fixed with mounting seats (38), a spiral stirring shaft (36) is installed between the two mounting seats (38), the spiral stirring shaft (36) is rotatably connected with the mounting seats (38) and is positioned right above the second through hole (25), a third gear (37) is fixed on the spiral stirring shaft (36), the third gear (37) is positioned inside one of the mounting seats (38), a fourth gear (27) is fixed on the second rotating shaft (24), and the third gear (37) is meshed with the fourth gear (27).
3. The crystal processing equipment according to claim 1, wherein the oil-water separation chamber (13) is fixed on the lower end surface of the reaction chamber (8) and is arranged on the side surface of the evaporation chamber (10), the condensation assembly comprises a condensation chamber (11) fixed on the evaporation chamber (10) and the oil-water separation chamber (13), a first pipe joint (9) is arranged on the side wall of the evaporation chamber (10), a second pipe joint (12) is arranged on the side wall of the oil-water separation chamber (13), the height of the first pipe joint (9) is higher than that of the second pipe joint (12), the first pipe joint (9) and the second pipe joint (12) are communicated through a connecting pipe (48), a stepped portion (47) is arranged on the connecting pipe (48), and the stepped portion (47) is arranged inside the condensation chamber (11).
4. The crystal processing equipment according to claim 3, wherein the heating plate is fixed on the bottom surface of the evaporation chamber (10), the oil-water separation chamber (13) is internally provided with a fan (14) and an oil-water separation device, the fan (14) is arranged on the side surface of the second pipe joint (12), and the feeding hole of the oil-water separation device is arranged right below the second pipe joint (12).
CN202011639713.4A 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 Crystal processing equipment Active CN112847048B (en)

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