CN112796467A - Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof - Google Patents

Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112796467A
CN112796467A CN202110023087.4A CN202110023087A CN112796467A CN 112796467 A CN112796467 A CN 112796467A CN 202110023087 A CN202110023087 A CN 202110023087A CN 112796467 A CN112796467 A CN 112796467A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
frame
wood
roof
panel
ventilation
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Pending
Application number
CN202110023087.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
解明镜
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Central South University
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Central South University
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Publication date
Application filed by Central South University filed Critical Central South University
Priority to CN202110023087.4A priority Critical patent/CN112796467A/en
Publication of CN112796467A publication Critical patent/CN112796467A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D11/00Roof covering, as far as not restricted to features covered by only one of groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00; Roof covering in ways not provided for by groups E04D1/00 - E04D9/00, e.g. built-up roofs, elevated load-supporting roof coverings
    • E04D11/02Build-up roofs, i.e. consisting of two or more layers bonded together in situ, at least one of the layers being of watertight composition
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/16Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage ; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/17Ventilation of roof coverings not otherwise provided for
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRARED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S20/00Supporting structures for PV modules
    • H02S20/20Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object
    • H02S20/22Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings
    • H02S20/23Supporting structures directly fixed to an immovable object specially adapted for buildings specially adapted for roof structures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • Y02E10/56Power conversion systems, e.g. maximum power point trackers

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Power Engineering (AREA)
  • Roof Covering Using Slabs Or Stiff Sheets (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof, which comprises a frame, a photovoltaic assembly, an aluminum foil plate and a roof structure, wherein the frame is fixed on the upper surface of the roof structure through threaded long nails, fixing holes are formed between the frame and the roof structure, the distribution direction of the roof structure is the longitudinal and transverse direction, two adjacent frames are connected through a sealing adhesive tape, the photovoltaic assembly is fixed on the upper side of the frame, the photovoltaic assembly comprises a solar cell panel and a cell panel, the solar cell panel is fixed in the groove of the cell panel, and the aluminum foil plate is fixed on the lower end surface of the inner side of the frame. The invention is suitable for sloping roofs with wood structures or reinforced concrete structures, can effectively improve the indoor thermal environment of buildings, reduce the energy consumption of indoor air conditioners or heating, convert solar energy into electric energy, further reduce the energy consumption of buildings, and is a high-efficiency and widely applicable roof construction mode.

Description

Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of ventilation and heat insulation roofs, in particular to a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof.
Background
The roof is used as a part of the outer protective structure of the building, and not only can meet the structural bearing requirement, but also can improve the heat insulation capability of the roof, thereby reducing the influence of the external environment and solar radiation on the indoor thermal environment, being an important measure for improving the indoor thermal environment and also meeting the requirement of building energy conservation. The traditional heat-insulating roof is characterized in that a heat-insulating layer is laid on a structural layer of the roof, a waterproof layer and a protective layer are laid on the structural layer, and different structural layers are connected into a whole, so that the heat resistance of the roof is improved, and the purpose of heat insulation is achieved.
However, the traditional roof is complex in structure, the integrity of a structural layer needs to be guaranteed in the construction process, the structural layer is difficult to repair after cracks appear, the thermal engineering and waterproof performance of the roof is affected, and the cost is high, so that the traditional roof is rarely adopted in villages and towns in China.
At present, in village and town houses in hot summer and cold winter areas in China, most of slope roof buildings only lay waterproof layers on structural layers of roofs to prevent rainwater from entering rooms, structural layers with heat insulation effects are lacked, indoor thermal environments of the slope roof buildings are poor, and other measures can be taken to meet thermal comfort requirements of human bodies in different seasons, such as electric fans and air conditioners used in summer and charcoal fire and electric heaters used in winter. Not only causes energy waste, but also cannot improve the indoor thermal environment essentially.
The solar cell panel is a photoelectric conversion device which is popular in energy-saving research in recent years, has the advantages of simple power generation process, safe and reliable photoelectric conversion, full utilization of solar radiation energy, flexible installation, convenient maintenance, wide application area range and convenience for energy-saving modification of new and old buildings.
Combine solar cell panel and sloping roof, solar cell panel can completely cut off most solar radiation, improves the heat-proof quality of roofing, and solar cell panel turns into the electric energy with solar radiation energy simultaneously, supplies the building main part to use, reduces the building and uses the energy consumption.
However, in the existing solar panel installation mode, a support is additionally arranged on the existing roof for installation, the integrity of the existing roof is influenced in the installation process, the appearance of the existing roof surface layer is not coordinated with the appearance of the additionally arranged solar panel, and the construction cost of the roof is increased.
In addition, there are 2 types of pitched roofs in use today in large numbers: firstly, timber structure sloping roof, secondly reinforced concrete sloping roof, the traditional thermal-insulated way of roof of different grade type has very big difference, can not be general each other, and roofing solar cell panel's mounting means also is different, is unfavorable for the general and the popularization of effectual roofing heat-insulating energy-saving technology, and the above-mentioned problem is solved to the present urgent need a general roofing heat-insulating energy-saving technology of roofing.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems and provide a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof.
The invention realizes the purpose through the following technical scheme:
a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof comprises a frame, a photovoltaic assembly, an aluminum foil plate and a roof structure, the frame is fixed on the upper surface of the roof structure through a long screw with thread, a fixing hole is arranged between the frame and the roof structure, the distribution direction of the roof structure is vertical and horizontal, two adjacent frames are connected by a sealing rubber strip, the photovoltaic assembly is fixed on the upper side of the frame and comprises a solar panel and a panel, the solar cell panel is fixed at the panel groove of the cell panel, the aluminum foil plate is fixed at the lower end surface of the inner side of the frame, and a ventilation channel is formed between the photovoltaic assembly and the aluminum foil plate, the panel is connected with the frame through self-tapping screws, and a rubber gasket is arranged between the panel and the frame.
Preferably: the frame is made of light steel, the cross section of the frame is of a bench shape, the fixing holes and the frame are integrally formed, the height of the frame is 100-300 mm, the weight is reduced while the installation strength is guaranteed, and the load of a roof structure layer is reduced.
Preferably: when the frames are installed on site, the gaps among the frames are tightly adhered and filled by the sealing rubber strips, no gap is formed, and rainwater is prevented from permeating into the frames.
Preferably: the height of the ventilation channel is 0.1-0.3 m, and the ventilation channel has a ventilation effect.
Preferably: the panel is concave plate, and the cross-section is the U type, and both sides are outer along connecting the frame, the panel plays the installation effect, and the cross-section can improve the contact surface for the U type, guarantees installation stability.
Preferably: the aluminum foil plate and the panel are made of low-emissivity high-reflectivity materials, the reflectivity of low-temperature heat radiation is more than 0.8, the low-emissivity high-reflectivity materials can ensure the pressure difference of cold air and hot air, and the ventilation effect is improved.
Preferably: the aluminum foil plate passes through joint strip paste in terminal surface under the frame, and eave department the aluminum foil plate shop pastes to outer wall and roofing structure handing-over edge, and adds with roofing structure handing-over department and establishes metal covering plate, the aluminum foil plate with the panel provides anti-radiation power and continuous sealed space.
Preferably: the solar cell panel is connected with the cell panel through the buckle and the screw, the solar cell panel plays a role in power generation, heat energy is transmitted to the inner side of the cell panel, and the cell panel plays a role in fixing and supporting.
Preferably: roofing structure includes roofing structural layer, cement mortar screed-coat, waterproof layer, roofing structural layer up end with be provided with between the frame cement mortar screed-coat, be provided with on the cement mortar screed-coat the waterproof layer, the finished product holds in the palm the setting of wood support in ridge department, supports the ridge apron, the finished product holds in the palm wood support up end and installs the ridge apron, the ridge apron with be provided with the ridge tripe between the frame, frame eave outside part is provided with attaches the wood, it is provided with the eaves tripe to attach the wood downside, it is provided with the metal eaves ditch to attach the wood outside, the metal eaves ditch with the frame is connected, roofing structural layer and attach the wood and play installation and supporting role.
Preferably: the roofing structure includes wooden purlin, wooden rafter, No. 350 linoleum, wooden purlin upper end is provided with wooden rafter, wooden rafter upper end is provided with No. 350 linoleum, and the finished product holds in the palm the setting of wood support at the ridge, supports the ridge apron, the finished product holds in the palm wood support up end and installs the ridge apron, the ridge apron with be provided with the ridge tripe between the frame, frame eave lateral part is provided with attaches the wood, it is provided with the eaves tripe to attach the wood downside, it is provided with the metal eaves ditch to attach the wood outside, the metal eaves ditch with the frame is connected, the metal eaves ditch with it is provided with wood system eaves board to attach between the wood, the eaves tripe with be provided with the metal apron between the roofing structural layer, envelope outer wall and wood frame juncture, wooden rafter and attached wood play installation and supporting role.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the solar energy heat-insulation roof is suitable for sloping roofs with wood structures or reinforced concrete structures, can effectively improve the indoor thermal environment of buildings, reduces the energy consumption of indoor air conditioners or heating, converts solar energy into electric energy, further reduces the energy consumption of buildings, and is a high-efficiency roof construction mode with wide applicability.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the installation structure of the integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view of a panel of a pv integrated ventilated insulation roofing panel according to the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a photovoltaic assembly of the PV integrated ventilated heat-insulated roof of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the hot-pressing ventilation and heat insulation principle of the photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural diagram of example 1 of a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof provided by the invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of embodiment 2 of the photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof.
The reference numerals are explained below:
1. a frame; 2. a solar panel; 3. a panel; 4. an aluminum foil plate; 5. a fixing hole; 6. a ventilation channel; 7. a photovoltaic assembly; 8. sealing rubber strips; 9. self-tapping screws; 10. a rubber gasket; 11. a roof structure layer; 12. leveling layer of cement mortar; 13. a waterproof layer; 14. wood attachment; 15. a metal gutter; 16. eaves blinds; 17. a threaded spike; 18. a finished product wood-supporting bracket; 19. a ridge shutter; 20. a ridge cover plate; 21. a metal cover plate; 22. a wooden fascia board; 23. a wooden purlin; 24. a wooden rafter; 25. no. 350 linoleum; 26. a roofing structure.
Detailed Description
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "up", "down", "front", "back", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on those shown in the drawings, and are used only for convenience in describing the present invention and for simplicity in description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, are not to be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first", "second", etc. are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first," "second," etc. may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art through specific situations.
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
as shown in fig. 1-5, a photovoltaic integrated ventilation and thermal insulation roof comprises a frame 1, a photovoltaic assembly 7, aluminum foil plates 4, a roof structure 26, wherein the length and width of the frame 1 have various series, which can be determined according to actual needs, the frame 1 is fixed on the upper surface of the roof structure 26 by threaded long nails 17, fixing holes 5 are arranged between the frame 1 and the roof structure 26, the distribution direction of the roof structure 26 is vertical and horizontal, two adjacent frames 1 are connected by sealing rubber strips 8, the photovoltaic assembly 7 is fixed on the upper side of the frame 1, the photovoltaic assembly 7 comprises a solar panel 2 and a panel 3, the solar panel 2 is fixed at the groove of the panel 3, the aluminum foil plates 4 are fixed on the lower end surface of the inner side of the frame 1, ventilation channels 6 are formed between the photovoltaic assembly 7 and the aluminum foil plates 4, the panel 3 is connected with the frame 1 by self-tapping screws, a rubber gasket 10 is provided between the panel 3 and the frame 1.
Preferably: the frame 1 is made of light steel, the section of the frame is of a bench shape, the fixing hole 5 and the frame 1 are integrally formed, and the height of the frame 1 is 100mm-300 mm.
So set up, weight reduction when guaranteeing installation intensity alleviates bearing of roofing structural layer 11.
Preferably: when the frames 1 are installed on site, the gaps among the frames 1 are tightly adhered and filled by the sealing rubber strips 8, and no gap exists.
So set up, prevent inside the rainwater infiltration frame.
Preferably: the height of the ventilation channel 6 is 0.1m-0.3 m.
So arranged, the ventilation channel 6 is used for ventilation.
Preferably: the panel 3 is a concave panel with a U-shaped section, and the outer edges of two sides are connected with the frame 1.
So set up, panel 3 plays the installation effect, and the cross-section can improve the contact surface for the U type, guarantees installation stability.
Preferably: the aluminum foil plate 4 and the battery panel 3 are made of materials with low emissivity and high reflectivity, and the reflectivity of the aluminum foil plate and the battery panel to low-temperature heat radiation is more than 0.8.
So set up, utilize low emissivity high reflectivity material can guarantee cold and hot wind pressure difference, improve ventilation effect.
Preferably: aluminum foil plate 4 is pasted in terminal surface under frame 1 through joint strip 8, and eaves department aluminum foil plate 4 is spread and is pasted to outer wall and roofing structure 26 handing-over edge, and adds with roofing structure 26 handing-over department and establishes metal decking 21.
So configured, the aluminum foil sheet 4 and the panel 3 provide a radiation-reflecting force and a continuous sealed space.
Preferably: the solar panel 2 is connected to the panel 3 by means of snaps and screws.
So set up, solar cell panel 2 plays the electricity generation effect, and is inboard with heat energy transmission to panel 3 simultaneously, and panel 3 plays fixed support effect.
The working principle is as follows: shine the solar radiation heat on roof most and be converted into the electric energy by upper solar cell panel 2, solar cell panel 2 will be reflected back by lower floor's aluminium foil board 4 with the air ventilation interlayer that the panel formed with the absorbed partial solar radiation heat of panel 3, the air absorbs behind the heat, form the hot-blast, rise along roofing structure 26's slope direction afterwards, discharge through ridge tripe 19, relatively colder air enters into the ventilation passageway along eaves mouth tripe 16 under the hot pressing ventilation effect in, thereby avoid solar radiation heat to transmit to indoor along roofing structure 26, can effectively improve summer indoor thermal environment, reduce indoor air conditioner or heating energy consumption, solar cell panel 2 turns into the electric energy with solar energy, further reduce the energy consumption that the building used.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 6, the roofing structure 26 includes a roofing structure layer 11, a cement mortar leveling layer 12, and a waterproof layer 13, the cement mortar leveling layer 12 is disposed between the upper end surface of the roofing structure layer 11 and the frame 1, and the waterproof layer 13 is disposed on the cement mortar leveling layer 12 to play a waterproof role. Then fixing the frames 1 on a roof structure 26 by using threaded long nails 17, wherein at the eave position, the frames 1 need to extend out of the outer wall to form an eave, the threaded long nails 17 can be fixed at the edge of the roof structure 26, two adjacent frames 1 are connected by using sealing adhesive tapes 8, a photovoltaic assembly 7 is fixed on the upper side of the frames 1 by using self-tapping screws 9, and a solar panel is used as a surface layer of the roof, which is in direct contact with the environment, so that most of solar radiation is isolated, and solar radiation energy is converted into electric energy; finished product support wood support 18 sets up at the ridge, support the ridge apron, ridge apron 20 is installed to finished product support wood support 18 up end, ridge apron 20 is higher than roofing frame 1, both sides are outside slant salient (the slope is the same with the roof slope), it is no less than 200mm formation ventilation hole to guarantee clearance between ridge apron 20 and the frame 1, be provided with ridge tripe 19 in the ventilation hole, direction perpendicular to frame 1 upper surface, in order to avoid the rainwater to get into the ventilation passageway, frame 1 eave outside portion is provided with attaches wood 14, it is provided with level to eave tripe 16 to attach wood 14 downside, it is provided with metal eaves ditch 15 to attach wood 14 outside, metal eaves ditch 15 is through the fixed orifices 5 erection joint who chooses frame 1 outside, roofing structural layer 11 and attach wood 14 play installation and supporting role.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 7, the difference between the embodiment 2 and the embodiment 1 is that the roofing structure 26 includes a wooden purlin 23, wooden rafters 24 and 350 size linoleum 25, the wooden purlin 23 is provided with the wooden rafters 24 at the upper end, and the wooden rafters 24 are provided with the 350 size linoleum 25 at the upper end, so as to achieve the waterproof function. Then fixing the frame 1 on a roof structure 26 by using a long nail 17 with threads, wherein at the eave position, the frame 1 needs to extend out of the outer wall to form an eave, the long nail 17 with the threads can be fixed at the edge of the roof structure 26, two adjacent frames 1 are connected by a sealing adhesive tape 8, a photovoltaic assembly 7 is fixed at the upper side of the frame 1 by using a self-tapping screw 9, and a solar panel is used as a surface layer of the roof, which is in direct contact with the environment, so that most of solar radiation is isolated, and solar radiation energy is converted into electric energy; the finished product wood supporting bracket 18 is arranged on a ridge to support the ridge cover plate, the ridge cover plate 20 is arranged on the upper end surface of the finished product wood supporting bracket 18, the ridge cover plate 20 is higher than the roof framework 1, two sides of the ridge cover plate are outwards projected in an oblique mode (the gradient is the same as the gradient of the roof), a vent hole is formed between the ridge cover plate 20 and the framework 1 to ensure that the clearance distance is not less than 200mm, a ridge louver 19 is arranged in the vent hole, the direction is vertical to the upper surface of the framework 1 to prevent rainwater from entering a ventilation channel, a wood attaching 14 is arranged on the outer side part of an eave of the framework 1, a horizontal eave louver 16 is arranged on the lower side of the wood attaching 14, a metal eave ditch 15 is arranged on the outer side of the wood attaching 14, the metal eave ditch 15 is installed and connected through a fixing hole 5 on the outer side of the overhanging framework 1, a wooden eave sealing plate 22 is arranged between, the wood rafters 24 and the attached wood 14 play a mounting and supporting role at the junction of the enveloping outer wall body and the wood frame.
The foregoing illustrates and describes the principles, general features, and advantages of the present invention. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a thermal-insulated roofing of ventilation of photovoltaic integration which characterized in that: including frame (1), photovoltaic sub-assembly (7), aluminium foil board (4), roofing structure (26), frame (1) is fixed at roofing structure (26) upper surface through screw spike (17), frame (1) with be provided with between roofing structure (26) fixed orifices (5), just roofing structure (26) distribution direction is for moving about freely and quickly the direction, and adjacent two connect through joint strip (8) between frame (1), photovoltaic sub-assembly (7) are fixed frame (1) upside, photovoltaic sub-assembly (7) include solar cell panel (2), panel (3), solar cell panel (2) are fixed panel (3) groove department, aluminium foil board (4) are fixed terminal surface under frame (1) inboard, just photovoltaic sub-assembly (7) with form ventilation channel (6) between aluminium foil board (4), the solar panel (3) is connected with the frame (1) through self-tapping screws (9), and a rubber gasket (10) is arranged between the solar panel (3) and the frame (1).
2. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the frame (1) is made of light steel, the cross section of the frame is of a bench shape, the fixing hole (5) and the frame (1) are integrally formed, and the height of the frame (1) is 100mm-300 mm.
3. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: when the frames (1) are installed on site, the gaps among the frames (1) are tightly adhered and filled by the sealing rubber strips (8) without gaps.
4. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the height of the ventilation channel (6) is 0.1-0.3 m.
5. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the panel (3) is a concave plate, the section of the panel is U-shaped, and the outer edges of two sides of the panel are connected with the frame (1).
6. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the aluminum foil plate (4) and the battery panel (3) are made of materials with low emissivity and high reflectivity, and the reflectivity of the low-temperature heat radiation is more than 0.8.
7. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the aluminum foil plate (4) is adhered to the lower end face of the frame (1) through the sealing rubber strip (8), the aluminum foil plate (4) at the eave is paved to the joint edge of the outer wall and the roof structure (26), and the joint edge of the aluminum foil plate and the roof structure (26) is additionally provided with the metal cover plate (21).
8. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the solar panel (2) is connected with the panel (3) through a buckle and a screw.
9. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the roof structure (26) comprises a roof structure layer (11), a cement mortar leveling layer (12) and a waterproof layer (13), the cement mortar leveling layer (12) is arranged between the upper end surface of the roof structure layer (11) and the frame (1), the cement mortar leveling layer (12) is provided with the waterproof layer (13), the finished product wood support bracket (18) is arranged on a ridge to support a ridge cover plate, the upper end surface of the finished product wood supporting bracket (18) is provided with a ridge cover plate (20), a ridge shutter (19) is arranged between the ridge cover plate (20) and the frame (1), the outer part of the eave of the frame (1) is provided with attached wood (14), the lower side of the attached wood (14) is provided with eave shutters (16), attach wood (14) outside and be provided with metal eaves gutter (15), metal eaves gutter (15) with frame (1) are connected.
10. The integrated photovoltaic ventilation and heat insulation roof as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the roof structure (26) comprises a wood purlin (23), wood rafters (24) and No. 350 linoleum (25), the wood purlin (23) is provided with the wood rafters (24) at the upper end, the wood rafters (24) are provided with the No. 350 linoleum (25), a finished product wood supporting bracket (18) is arranged on a ridge to support a ridge cover plate, the upper end face of the finished product wood supporting bracket (18) is provided with the ridge cover plate (20), a ridge louver (19) is arranged between the ridge cover plate (20) and the frame (1), an outer side portion of the frame (1) is provided with an attached wood (14), an eave louver (16) is arranged on the lower side of the attached wood (14), a metal eave (15) is arranged on the outer side of the attached wood (14), the metal eave (15) is connected with the frame (1), a wood sealing eave plate (22) is arranged between the metal eave (15) and the attached wood (14), a metal cover plate (21) is arranged between the cornice shutter (16) and the roof structure layer (11).
CN202110023087.4A 2021-01-08 2021-01-08 Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof Pending CN112796467A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202110023087.4A CN112796467A (en) 2021-01-08 2021-01-08 Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113846806A (en) * 2021-11-02 2021-12-28 乐居乐筑(北京)新能源科技有限公司 Assembled photovoltaic roof and assembling construction method thereof
CN114396119A (en) * 2022-01-25 2022-04-26 中建科技集团北京低碳智慧城市科技有限公司 Building photovoltaic integrated wood structure shell system
CN115075478A (en) * 2022-07-26 2022-09-20 无锡轻大集成科技有限公司 Heat preservation and insulation room capable of generating electricity

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101275427A (en) * 2008-05-19 2008-10-01 湖南大学 Assembled type roofing heat-proof device
CN208533881U (en) * 2018-05-23 2019-02-22 中机国能电力工程有限公司 A kind of waterproof wind proof integral photovoltaic roofing
CN210562916U (en) * 2019-07-23 2020-05-19 河南省建筑科学研究院有限公司 Daylighting ventilation photovoltaic power generation integration energy-conserving double-deck roofing
CN214423787U (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-10-19 中南大学 Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101275427A (en) * 2008-05-19 2008-10-01 湖南大学 Assembled type roofing heat-proof device
CN208533881U (en) * 2018-05-23 2019-02-22 中机国能电力工程有限公司 A kind of waterproof wind proof integral photovoltaic roofing
CN210562916U (en) * 2019-07-23 2020-05-19 河南省建筑科学研究院有限公司 Daylighting ventilation photovoltaic power generation integration energy-conserving double-deck roofing
CN214423787U (en) * 2021-01-08 2021-10-19 中南大学 Photovoltaic integrated ventilation and heat insulation roof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113846806A (en) * 2021-11-02 2021-12-28 乐居乐筑(北京)新能源科技有限公司 Assembled photovoltaic roof and assembling construction method thereof
CN114396119A (en) * 2022-01-25 2022-04-26 中建科技集团北京低碳智慧城市科技有限公司 Building photovoltaic integrated wood structure shell system
CN115075478A (en) * 2022-07-26 2022-09-20 无锡轻大集成科技有限公司 Heat preservation and insulation room capable of generating electricity

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