CN112792514B - Process method and device for improving machining precision of aluminum plate - Google Patents

Process method and device for improving machining precision of aluminum plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112792514B
CN112792514B CN202110098838.9A CN202110098838A CN112792514B CN 112792514 B CN112792514 B CN 112792514B CN 202110098838 A CN202110098838 A CN 202110098838A CN 112792514 B CN112792514 B CN 112792514B
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Prior art keywords
plate
aluminum plate
workbench
adjusting
support
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CN202110098838.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112792514A (en
Inventor
聂来兵
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Guangdong Yali New Material Co ltd
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Guangdong Yali New Material Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110098838.9A priority Critical patent/CN112792514B/en
Publication of CN112792514A publication Critical patent/CN112792514A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P15/00Making specific metal objects by operations not covered by a single other subclass or a group in this subclass
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0032Arrangements for preventing or isolating vibrations in parts of the machine
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • B23Q11/005Devices for removing chips by blowing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/08Protective coverings for parts of machine tools; Splash guards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q5/00Driving or feeding mechanisms; Control arrangements therefor
    • B23Q5/22Feeding members carrying tools or work
    • B23Q5/28Electric drives

Abstract

The invention discloses a process method and a device for improving the machining precision of an aluminum plate, which comprises the following steps: clamping and fixing an aluminum plate on a machining device, measuring the levelness of the placed aluminum plate, machining and positioning the aluminum plate, starting the machining device for cutting, removing chips and cleaning the machined surface of the aluminum plate, trimming and deburring the machined edge of the aluminum plate, replacing a cutter by the machining device, grinding and finely machining the surface of the plate, cleaning floating foams on the machined and ground surface of the aluminum plate, detaching the aluminum plate, coating a protective film on the surface of the aluminum plate, and storing the aluminum plate; the clamping aluminum plate reduces the machining error caused by relative displacement, and improves the machining precision; the sweeps are cleaned, the influence of the sweeps on the machining process is avoided, the aluminum plate is ground, and the surface precision and the quality of the aluminum plate are further improved.

Description

Process method and device for improving machining precision of aluminum plate
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of metal processing, in particular to a process method and a device for improving the processing precision of an aluminum plate.
Background
Processing an aluminum plate, namely processing an aluminum billet into a material by using a plastic processing method, wherein the main methods comprise rolling, extruding, stretching, forging and the like; with the rapid development of industries such as metal doors and windows, building curtain walls, transportation industry, chemical industry, power equipment industry, national defense military industry and the like, the demand for aluminum profiles will be continuously increased, and new products, new processes and new-purpose aluminum profiles will continuously appear, so that the technical progress and the continuous and healthy development of the industry are promoted.
The plastic processing of aluminum and aluminum alloy should ensure the product to achieve stable and consistent required dimensional accuracy, mechanical properties and good surface quality, so that the invention of a process method and a device with good processing accuracy to ensure the mechanical properties and the surface quality of the aluminum plate is very necessary.
Disclosure of Invention
In this summary, concepts in a simplified form are introduced that are further described in the detailed description. This summary of the invention is not intended to identify key features or essential features of the claimed subject matter, nor is it intended to be used as an aid in determining the scope of the claimed subject matter.
In order to at least partially solve the problems, the invention provides a process method for improving the machining precision of an aluminum plate, which comprises the following steps:
step one, clamping and fixing an aluminum plate on a processing device;
measuring the levelness of the placed aluminum plate;
step three, processing and positioning the aluminum plate;
step four, starting the processing device and carrying out cutting processing;
fifthly, removing scraps and cleaning the machined surface of the aluminum plate;
sixthly, trimming and deburring the machined edge of the aluminum plate;
step seven, replacing a cutter by the machining device and carrying out grinding and finish machining treatment on the surface of the aluminum plate;
step eight, cleaning floating foam on the surface of the aluminum plate after processing and grinding;
step nine, unloading the aluminum plate;
step ten, coating a protective film on the surface of the aluminum plate;
step eleven, storing the aluminum plate.
The utility model provides an improve processingequipment of aluminum plate machining precision which characterized in that includes: the machining device comprises a base, a moving mechanism, a damping device, a clamp, a planometer and a cutting device;
the upper surface of the base is provided with a workbench and a support frame, the support frame is positioned on two sides of the workbench, the moving mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the support frame, and the damping device is arranged between the base and the workbench; the clamps are arranged on two sides of the workbench, and the planometer is arranged on the front side of the workbench; the cutting device is arranged below the moving mechanism and above the workbench.
Preferably, a scrap collecting box is arranged on the upper surface of the base and is positioned between the workbench and the support frame; a film laminating machine is arranged in front of the workbench, and cleaning devices are arranged on the upper surface of the base and positioned on two sides of the scrap collecting box; the support frame includes pillar and connecting plate, the quantity of pillar has four, the pillar all sets up the upper surface of base, the quantity of connecting plate has two, the connecting plate sets up the upper end of pillar, the connecting plate surface is relative is provided with the spout, moving mechanism passes through the spout slides and sets up between the connecting plate.
Preferably, the moving mechanism includes a moving plate, a sliding block and a first cylinder, the first cylinder is fixed on the inner surface of the sliding groove, the sliding block is slidably arranged on the connecting plate, the inside of the sliding groove is fixedly connected with the first cylinder, two ends of the moving plate are respectively fixedly connected with the sliding block, a fixed groove is formed in the moving plate, a first driving gear is arranged at the left end of the fixed groove, a driven gear is arranged at the right end of the fixed groove, a conveying crawler is arranged between the first driving gear and the driven gear, two ends of the lower surface of the conveying crawler are respectively provided with a first convex tooth meshed with the first driving gear and the driven gear, the first driving gear is connected with a first motor, and the cutting device is fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower surface of the conveying crawler.
Preferably, cutting device includes the second cylinder, dismantles board, cutter head, spacing post, the second cylinder is fixed to be set up the below of conveying track, it is fixed to set up to dismantle the board the below of second cylinder, the cutter head with dismantle the board and pass through the screw thread and can dismantle the connection, spacing post sets up the side of dismantling the board, the one end of spacing post is passed the inside of dismantling the board and with the upper end of cutter head runs through.
Preferably, the upper surface of workstation is inlayed and is provided with electromagnetic absorption piece, the upper surface activity of workstation has placed the magnetism briquetting, anchor clamps include splint, adjusting bolt, location bulge, splint set up the both ends of workstation, the location bulge sets up the upper surface of workstation just is located the below of splint, adjusting bolt runs through splint, just adjusting bolt's lower extreme with the workstation is connected, the lower surface of splint is provided with the rubber pad, adjusting bolt's upper end is provided with the adjusting button.
Preferably, the damping device comprises a main support, an auxiliary support and an angle adjusting mechanism, the main support and the auxiliary support are arranged at the bottom of the workbench, the main support and the auxiliary support are arranged in a crossed manner, the main support comprises an upper spring, a lower spring and a middle rod, the upper end of the upper spring is connected with the workbench, the lower end of the upper spring is connected with the middle rod, the lower spring is arranged at the lower end of the middle rod, the lower end of the lower spring is fixed on the upper surface of the base, the auxiliary support comprises an upper connecting rod, a middle spring and a lower connecting rod, the upper end of the upper connecting rod is fixedly connected with the workbench, the middle spring is arranged at the lower end of the upper connecting rod, the lower connecting rod is arranged at the lower end of the middle spring, and the lower end of the lower connecting rod is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the base, the number of the angle adjusting mechanisms is two, and the angle adjusting mechanisms are respectively arranged at two ends of the lower surface of the workbench.
Preferably, the cleaning device comprises an air gun, an adjusting rod, an air gun groove, a scrap baffle plate and a plastic support rod; the chip blocking plate is arranged on the outer side of the chip collecting box, the upper end of the chip blocking plate is provided with an air gun groove matched with the air gun, the air gun is arranged in the air gun groove through the plastic supporting rod, the adjusting rod is arranged at the outer end of the air gun, and the air gun is connected with the air pipe.
Preferably, the angle adjusting mechanism comprises a fixing plate, a manual adjusting assembly and an angle maintaining assembly, wherein the fixing plate is arranged on the upper surface of the base, the angle maintaining assembly is arranged above the fixing plate, and the manual adjusting assembly is arranged between the angle maintaining assembly and the fixing plate; the manual adjusting assembly comprises an adjusting support plate, a contact block, a manual adjusting key, a key frame and a receiving block; the key frame is arranged on the upper surface of the fixed plate, the receiving block and the manual adjusting key are arranged on the left side of the key frame, the manual adjusting key is located below the receiving block, the adjusting support plate is arranged in the center of the upper surface of the fixed plate and located on the right side of the key frame, the lower end of the adjusting support plate is connected with a third cylinder, the contact block is arranged below the adjusting support plate, and the lower end of the contact block is in contact with the receiving block; the angle maintaining assembly comprises a second motor, a protective shell, a supporting block, a transmission shaft, a second driving gear, a fixed ejector rod and an inner core; the inner core is arranged on the lower surface of the workbench, the protective shell is arranged on the outer side of the inner core, the lower end of the protective shell is connected with the adjusting support plate, the supporting block is arranged on the right side of the inner core, a through groove communicated with the outside is formed in the middle of the supporting block, the transmission shaft is arranged inside the supporting block, a gear groove is formed in the surface of the inner core, the second driving gear is arranged inside the gear groove, the left side of the transmission shaft is meshed with the right side of the second driving gear, the fixing ejector rod is arranged on the right side of the upper end of the supporting block, the second motor is arranged at the lower end of the supporting block and connected with the transmission shaft, and the second motor is electrically connected with the receiving block through a controller.
Compared with the prior art, the invention at least comprises the following beneficial effects:
according to the process method and the device for improving the machining precision of the aluminum plate, in the machining process of the aluminum plate, firstly, the aluminum plate is clamped and fixed, so that the aluminum plate is not displaced in the machining process, machining errors caused by relative displacement are reduced, then, the levelness of the aluminum plate is measured and correspondingly adjusted, so that the machining errors caused by angular offset are avoided, and the machining precision is improved; the processing surface of the aluminum plate is cut, and scraps generated in the processing process of the processing surface are cleaned and blown away by wind power in the processing process, so that the influence of the scraps on the processing process is avoided, the precision and the quality of the processing surface are improved, and meanwhile, the labor and time consumed by stopping processing and brushing the surface by a brush in the traditional processing process are saved by blowing the scraps by gas, the processing efficiency is improved, and the labor is saved; after the processing is finished, the edge of the aluminum plate is trimmed and deburred, so that the processing quality is prevented from being influenced by burrs generated during processing, and processing personnel are prevented from being injured; after the edge is finished, the tool is changed, and the aluminum plate is ground, so that the surface precision and quality of the aluminum plate are further improved; and then, cleaning the processing surface of the aluminum plate in an air blowing mode, cleaning floating foam generated in the grinding process, unloading the aluminum plate after cleaning, coating a film on the processing surface of the aluminum plate, protecting the surface of the processed aluminum plate, avoiding the corrosion and damage of the processing surface in the subsequent storage process, and finally storing the aluminum plate.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the invention.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the principles of the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
fig. 1 is a perspective view of a schematic structural diagram of a process method and a device for improving the machining precision of an aluminum plate according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a moving mechanism of the process method and the device for improving the processing precision of the aluminum plate.
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a fixture of the process method and apparatus for improving the machining precision of an aluminum plate according to the present invention.
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a damping mechanism of the process and apparatus for improving the machining precision of an aluminum plate according to the present invention.
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a cleaning device of the process and apparatus for improving the processing precision of an aluminum plate according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural perspective view of an angle adjusting mechanism of the process and apparatus for improving the processing precision of an aluminum plate according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a front cross-sectional view of a structural schematic diagram of an angle adjusting mechanism of the process method and the device for improving the processing precision of the aluminum plate.
FIG. 8 is a schematic side sectional view of the angle adjustment mechanism of the process and apparatus for improving the processing precision of aluminum plate according to the present invention.
FIG. 9 is a block diagram showing the steps of the method and apparatus for improving the processing accuracy of aluminum plate according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described in detail below with reference to the drawings and examples so that those skilled in the art can practice the invention with reference to the description.
It will be understood that terms such as "having," "including," and "comprising," as used herein, do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other elements or groups thereof.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, the present invention provides a process method for improving the processing precision of an aluminum plate, comprising the following steps:
step one, clamping and fixing an aluminum plate on a processing device;
measuring the levelness of the placed aluminum plate;
step three, processing and positioning the aluminum plate;
step four, starting the processing device and carrying out cutting processing;
fifthly, removing scraps and cleaning the machined surface of the aluminum plate;
sixthly, trimming and deburring the machined edge of the aluminum plate;
step seven, replacing a cutter by the machining device and carrying out grinding and finish machining treatment on the surface of the aluminum plate;
step eight, cleaning floating foam on the surface of the aluminum plate after processing and grinding;
step nine, unloading the aluminum plate;
step ten, coating a protective film on the surface of the aluminum plate;
step eleven, storing the aluminum plate.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: in the processing process of the aluminum plate, firstly, the aluminum plate is clamped and fixed, so that the aluminum plate is prevented from displacing in the processing process, the processing error caused by relative displacement is reduced, and then, the levelness of the aluminum plate is measured and correspondingly adjusted, so that the processing error caused by angular offset is avoided, and the processing precision is improved; the processing surface of the aluminum plate is cut, and scraps generated in the processing process of the processing surface are cleaned and blown away by wind power in the processing process, so that the influence of the scraps on the processing process is avoided, the precision and the quality of the processing surface are improved, and meanwhile, the labor and time consumed by stopping processing and brushing the surface by a brush in the traditional processing process are saved by blowing the scraps by gas, the processing efficiency is improved, and the labor is saved; after the processing is finished, the edge of the aluminum plate is trimmed and deburred, so that the processing quality is prevented from being influenced by burrs generated during processing, and processing personnel are prevented from being injured; after the edge is finished, the tool is changed, and the aluminum plate is ground, so that the surface precision and quality of the aluminum plate are further improved; and then, cleaning the processing surface of the aluminum plate in an air blowing mode, cleaning floating foam generated in the grinding process, unloading the aluminum plate after cleaning, coating a film on the processing surface of the aluminum plate, protecting the surface of the processed aluminum plate, avoiding the corrosion and damage of the processing surface in the subsequent storage process, and finally storing the aluminum plate.
As shown in fig. 1 to 9, the present invention provides a processing apparatus for improving the processing accuracy of an aluminum plate, including:
the machining device comprises a base 1, a moving mechanism 3, a damping device 4, a clamp 5, a planometer 11 and a cutting device 7;
a workbench 6 and a support frame 2 are arranged on the upper surface of the base 1, the support frame 2 is positioned on two sides of the workbench 6, the moving mechanism 3 is arranged at the upper end of the support frame 2, and the damping device 4 is arranged between the base 1 and the workbench 6; the clamps 5 are arranged on two sides of the workbench 6, and the planometer 11 is arranged on the front side of the workbench 6; the cutting device 7 is disposed below the moving mechanism 3 and above the table 6.
The working principle of the technical scheme is as follows: the machining device comprises a base 1, a moving mechanism 3, a damping device 4, a clamp 5, a planometer 11 and a cutting device 7;
a workbench 6 and a support frame 2 are arranged on the upper surface of the base 1, the support frame 2 is positioned on two sides of the workbench 6, the moving mechanism 3 is arranged at the upper end of the support frame 2, and the damping device 4 is arranged between the base 1 and the workbench 6; the clamps 5 are arranged on two sides of the workbench 6, and the planometer 11 is arranged on the front side of the workbench 6; the cutting device 7 is arranged below the moving mechanism 3 and above the workbench 6; during the processing, an aluminum plate is placed on the upper surface of a workbench 6, a clamp 5 is pressed down to fix the aluminum plate on the surface of the workbench 6, so that the deviation is avoided, after the fixing is completed, a planometer 11 is observed, and then whether the workbench 6 is horizontal or not is known, if the workbench 6 has an angle deviation, the leveling can be carried out by adjusting the relative heights of two ends of a damping device 4, meanwhile, the damping device 4 also plays a role in damping the workbench 6, and the influence of vibration caused in the aluminum plate cutting process by a cutting device 7 on the angle of the leveled workbench 6 is avoided; in the process of processing the surface of the aluminum plate, the moving mechanism 3 drives the cutting device 7 to move, and the cutting device performs moving cutting at the preset processing position of the aluminum plate to finish the processing;
it should be noted that the model number of the leveling instrument 11 is LJ-TDR 12.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are that: through the design of the structure, the invention provides a specific structure of a processing device for improving the processing precision of an aluminum plate, the aluminum plate is fixed through a clamp 5, the deviation is avoided, the levelness of a workbench 6 can be observed and detected through a planometer 11, if the workbench 6 has an angle deviation, the leveling can be carried out by adjusting the relative heights of two ends of a damping device 4, meanwhile, the damping device 4 also plays a role in damping the workbench 6 and automatically adjusts the levelness, and the influence of vibration caused in the cutting process of the aluminum plate by a cutting device 7 on the angle of the workbench 6 after leveling is avoided.
As shown in fig. 1-2, in one embodiment, a chip collecting box 10 is disposed on the upper surface of the base 1, and the chip collecting box 10 is located between the worktable 6 and the supporting frame 2; a film laminating machine 8 is arranged in front of the workbench 6, and cleaning devices 9 are arranged on the upper surface of the base 1 and on two sides of the scrap collecting box 10; the supporting frame 2 comprises supporting columns 201 and connecting plates 202, the number of the supporting columns 201 is four, the supporting columns 201 are arranged on the upper surface of the base 1, the number of the connecting plates 202 is two, the connecting plates 202 are arranged at the upper ends of the supporting columns 201, sliding grooves are oppositely arranged on the surfaces of the connecting plates 202, and the moving mechanism 3 is arranged between the connecting plates 202 in a sliding mode through the sliding grooves.
The moving mechanism 3 comprises a moving plate 301, a sliding block 302 and a first air cylinder, the first air cylinder is fixed on the inner surface of the sliding chute, the sliding block 302 is slidably disposed inside the sliding slot of the connecting plate 202 and is fixedly connected with the first cylinder, two ends of the moving plate 301 are respectively fixedly connected with the sliding blocks 302, a fixed groove 303 is arranged in the moving plate 301, the left end of the fixing groove 303 is provided with a driving gear 304, the right end of the fixing groove 303 is provided with a driven gear 305, a transmission crawler 306 is arranged between the first driving gear 304 and the driven gear 305, the two ends of the lower surface of the conveying track 306 are provided with convex teeth which are respectively meshed with the first driving gear 304 and the driven gear 305, the first driving gear 304 is connected with a first motor, and the cutting device 7 is fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower surface of the conveying crawler 306.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: the cleaning device 9 blows scraps to clean the cutting scraps on the surface of the aluminum plate towards two ends, so that the influence of the scraps on the machining process is avoided, the precision and the quality of the machined surface are improved, meanwhile, the labor and the time for stopping machining in the traditional machining process and brushing the surface with a brush are saved by blowing the scraps with gas, the machining efficiency is improved, and the labor is saved; the scraps fall into the scrap collecting box 10 from the workbench 6 under the action of wind power of the cleaning device 9, resources are saved, pollution is reduced, the processing scraps are recovered, after the processing is finished, the clamp 5 is upwards loosened, the processed and cleaned aluminum plate is detached and placed in the film laminating machine 8 for film laminating, the processing surface of the aluminum plate is protected, and the processing surface is prevented from being corroded and damaged in the subsequent storage process; the supporting frame 2 comprises four supporting columns 201 and two connecting plates 202, the number of the supporting columns 201 is four, the supporting columns 201 are all arranged on the upper surface of the base 1, the number of the connecting plates 202 is two, the connecting plates 202 are arranged at the upper ends of the supporting columns 201, sliding grooves are oppositely arranged on the surfaces of the connecting plates 202, and the moving mechanism 3 is arranged between the connecting plates 202 in a sliding mode through the sliding grooves; the moving mechanism 3 comprises a moving plate 301, a sliding block 302 and a first air cylinder, the first air cylinder is fixed on the inner surface of the sliding groove, the sliding block 302 is arranged inside the sliding groove of the connecting plate 202 in a sliding mode and fixedly connected with the first air cylinder, two ends of the moving plate 301 are fixedly connected with the sliding block 302 respectively, a fixing groove 303 is arranged in the moving plate 301, a first driving gear 304 is arranged at the left end of the fixing groove 303, a driven gear 305 is arranged at the right end of the fixing groove 303, a conveying crawler 306 is arranged between the first driving gear 304 and the driven gear 305, convex teeth which are respectively meshed with the first driving gear 304 and the driven gear 305 are arranged at two ends of the lower surface of the conveying crawler 306, the first driving gear 304 is connected with a first motor, and the cutting device 7 is fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower surface of the conveying crawler 306; the moving mechanism 3 drives the sliding block 302 to linearly slide back and forth along the sliding groove in the direction of the sliding groove in the moving process of the cutting device 7, the sliding block 302 drives the moving plate 301 to do synchronous linear motion, the cutting device 7 is arranged below the moving plate 301 to do synchronous motion, the movement of the cutting device 7 in the direction of the front and back linear motion is realized, the first motor drives the first driving gear 304 to rotate, the first driving gear 304 drives the meshed conveying crawler 306 to transmit in the left and right directions, the conveying crawler 306 drives the driven gear 305 to rotate, the stability and smoothness of the left and right movement of the conveying crawler 306 are ensured, the cutting device 7 is fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower surface of the conveying crawler 306 and moves synchronously along with the conveying crawler 306, further realizing the movement of the cutting device 7 in the left and right linear directions, so that the processing range of the cutter is larger, and the cutter is more diversified and flexible;
the model of the laminator 8 is XCY-500.
As shown in fig. 2 to 3, in an embodiment, the cutting device 7 includes a second cylinder 701, a detaching plate, a cutter head 702, and a limiting post, the second cylinder 701 is fixedly disposed below the conveying track 306, the detaching plate is fixedly disposed below the second cylinder 701, the cutter head 702 is detachably connected to the detaching plate through a screw, the limiting post is disposed on a side surface of the detaching plate, and one end of the limiting post penetrates through the inside of the detaching plate and penetrates through an upper end of the cutter head 702.
The upper surface of workstation 6 is inlayed and is provided with electromagnetic attraction piece, the magnetic briquetting has been placed in the upper surface activity of workstation 6, anchor clamps 5 include splint 501, adjusting bolt 502, location bulge 503, splint 501 sets up the both ends of workstation 6, location bulge 503 sets up the upper surface of workstation 6 just is located splint 501's below, adjusting bolt 502 runs through splint 501, just adjusting bolt 502's lower extreme with workstation 6 is connected, splint 501's lower surface is provided with the rubber pad, adjusting bolt 502's upper end is provided with adjusting knob 504.
The working principle of the technical scheme is as follows: the cutting device 7 comprises a second cylinder 701, a detaching plate, a cutter head 702 and a limiting column, the second cylinder 701 is fixedly arranged below the conveying crawler 306, the detaching plate is fixedly arranged below the second cylinder 701, the cutter head 702 is detachably connected with the detaching plate through threads, the limiting column is arranged on the side surface of the detaching plate, and one end of the limiting column penetrates through the inside of the detaching plate and penetrates through the upper end of the cutter head 702; the electromagnetic absorption block is embedded in the upper surface of the workbench 6, the magnetic pressing block is movably placed on the upper surface of the workbench 6, the clamp 5 comprises a clamping plate 501, an adjusting bolt 502 and a positioning convex circle 503, the clamping plate 501 is arranged at two ends of the workbench 6, the positioning convex circle 503 is arranged on the upper surface of the workbench 6 and is positioned below the clamping plate 501, the adjusting bolt 502 penetrates through the clamping plate 501, the lower end of the adjusting bolt 502 is connected with the workbench 6, a rubber pad is arranged on the lower surface of the clamping plate 501, and an adjusting button 504 is arranged at the upper end of the adjusting bolt 502; when the cutting device 7 moves to the position above the machining surface, the second air cylinder 701 extends to further drive the cutter head 702 to move downwards to the position of the machining surface to machine and cut the aluminum plate, the cutter head 702 can be disassembled and replaced through the disassembling plate, the limiting column is taken out from the side of the disassembling plate during disassembly, the cutter head 702 is disassembled and replaced by rotating the cutter head 702 after being taken out, and during installation, the cutter head 702 is screwed into the disassembling plate, and the limiting column is inserted from the side of the disassembling plate; after the aluminum plate is placed on the workbench 6 and clamped and fixed through the clamp 5, the electromagnetic suction block on the surface of the workbench 6 can be electrified, and the magnetic pressing block is placed on the upper surface of the aluminum plate which does not need to be processed, so that the aluminum plate is more stably fixed on the workbench 6, and the aluminum plate is more uniformly contacted with the workbench 6 and stressed; when 5 centre gripping aluminum plates of anchor clamps, clockwise rotation adjusting button 504, bolt 502 follows adjusting button 504 and rotates, and bolt 502 moves down to workstation 6's direction, and then drives splint 501 and move down, and splint 501's lower surface is provided with the rubber pad, and under splint 501's effect, the rubber pad sticiss aluminum plate, has increased the frictional force between aluminum plate and the rubber simultaneously, avoids skidding, and then fixes aluminum plate stable on workstation 6.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are that: through the design of the structure, the embodiment provides the specific structures of the clamp 5 and the cutting device 7, the replacement and fixation of the cutter head 702 are realized through the limiting column and the dismounting plate, the processing range and the use flexibility are increased, the fixation of the aluminum plate on the workbench 6 is more stable through the electromagnetic suction block and the magnetic pressing block, and the contact and the stress with the workbench 6 are more uniform; the clamp 5 fixes the aluminum plate, so that the deviation is avoided, and the precision is not influenced; bolt 502 drives splint 501 and fixes aluminum plate, play the effect of direction to splint 501 simultaneously, splint 501's lower surface is provided with the rubber pad, under splint 501's effect, the rubber pad sticiss aluminum plate, aluminum plate and rubber's frictional force has been increased simultaneously, avoid skidding, and then stabilize aluminum plate and fix on workstation 6, the rubber pad cushions splint 501 and aluminum plate's effort simultaneously, avoid splint to cause the damage to aluminum plate's surface, and splint 501's upper surface is the arc, the sweeps of being convenient for blows from splint 501's upper surface and the landing, avoid the sweeps to pile up in splint 501 department.
As shown in fig. 4, in one embodiment, the shock absorbing device 4 includes a main support 401, an auxiliary support 402, and an angle adjusting mechanism 403, the main support 401 and the auxiliary support 402 are disposed at the bottom of the working platform 6, the main support 401 and the auxiliary support 402 are disposed in a cross manner, the main support 401 includes an upper spring 411, a lower spring 412, and an intermediate rod 413, the upper end of the upper spring 411 is connected to the working platform 6, the lower end of the upper spring 411 is connected to the intermediate rod 413, the lower spring 412 is disposed at the lower end of the intermediate rod 413, the lower end of the lower spring 412 is fixed to the upper surface of the base 1, the auxiliary support 402 includes an upper connecting rod 421, an intermediate spring 422, and a lower connecting rod 423, the upper end of the upper connecting rod 421 is fixedly connected to the working platform 6, the intermediate spring 422 is disposed at the lower end of the upper connecting rod 421, the lower connecting rods 423 are arranged at the lower ends of the middle springs 422, the lower ends of the lower connecting rods 423 are fixedly connected to the upper surface of the base 1, the number of the angle adjusting mechanisms 403 is two, and the angle adjusting mechanisms 403 are respectively arranged at two ends of the lower surface of the workbench 6.
The working principle and the beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows: the damping device 4 comprises a main support 401, an auxiliary support 402 and angle adjusting mechanisms 403, wherein the main support 401 and the auxiliary support 402 are arranged at the bottom of the workbench 6, the main support 401 and the auxiliary support 402 are arranged in a crossed manner, the main support 401 comprises an upper spring 411, a lower spring 412 and an intermediate rod 413, the upper end of the upper spring 411 is connected with the workbench 6, the lower end of the upper spring 411 is connected with the intermediate rod 413, the lower spring 412 is arranged at the lower end of the intermediate rod 413, the lower end of the lower spring 412 is fixed on the upper surface of the base 1, the auxiliary support 402 comprises an upper connecting rod 421, an intermediate spring 422 and a lower connecting rod 423, the upper end of the upper connecting rod 421 is fixedly connected with the workbench 6, the intermediate spring 422 is arranged at the lower end of the upper connecting rod 421, the lower connecting rod 423 is arranged at the lower end of the intermediate spring 422, the lower end of the lower connecting rod 423 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the base 1, and the number of the angle adjusting mechanisms 403 is two, the angle adjusting mechanisms 403 are respectively arranged at two ends of the lower surface of the workbench 6; in the working process, the workbench 6 is pressed downwards, tremble occurs under the action of an aluminum plate processed by the cutting device 7, at the moment, the combined action of the main support 401 and the auxiliary support 402 absorbs the tremble, the upper spring 411 and the lower spring 412 of the main support 401 and the middle spring 422 of the auxiliary support 402 are crossed in the horizontal direction, the stability in the shock absorption process is improved, the absorbed shock is more uniform, the failure of the shock absorption device 4 caused by overlarge acting force in a single direction is avoided, when the observation planometer 11 is uneven, and the workbench 6 cannot be automatically horizontally adjusted through the shock absorption device 4, the relative heights of the two ends of the workbench 6 can be manually adjusted through the angle adjusting mechanism, the operability and the parallel accuracy 403 of the workbench 6 are improved, and further the precision of aluminum plate processing is improved.
As shown in fig. 5, in one embodiment, the cleaning device 9 comprises an air gun 901, an adjusting rod 902, an air gun groove 903, a chip blocking plate 904, a plastic strut; the chip blocking plate 904 is arranged on the outer side of the chip collecting box 10, an air gun groove 903 matched with the air gun 901 is formed in the upper end of the chip blocking plate 904, the air gun 901 is arranged in the air gun groove 903 through the plastic supporting rod, the adjusting rod 902 is arranged at the outer end of the air gun 901, and the air gun 901 is connected with an air pipe.
The working principle of the technical scheme is as follows: the cleaning device 9 comprises an air gun 901, an adjusting rod 902, an air gun groove 903, a chip blocking plate 904 and a plastic support rod; a chip blocking plate 904 is arranged on the outer side of the chip collecting box 10, an air gun groove 903 matched with the air gun 901 is formed in the upper end of the chip blocking plate 904, the air gun 901 is arranged in the air gun groove 903 through a plastic supporting rod, an adjusting rod 902 is arranged at the outer end of the air gun 901, and the air gun 901 is connected with an air pipe; when cleaning aluminum plate's machined surface, can be with the air gun 901 and the trachea switch-on that need use, the trachea is ventilated, makes plastic branch take place plastic deformation through adjusting pole 902, and then makes the jet-propelled one end direction of air gun 901 change, make air gun 901 aim at needs clear part can, keep off bits board 904 simultaneously and block blowing away the sweeps, avoids the sweeps to fall to the outside of collection bits case 10, causes the pollution.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are that: through the design of above-mentioned structure, this embodiment provides cleaning device 9's specific structure, blows with clean through air gun 901 to aluminum plate's machined surface, carries out the regulation of angle through adjusting pole 902 person of facilitating the use to air gun 901, blocks the waste material through keeping off bits board 904, avoids polluting simple structure, convenient to use.
As shown in fig. 6 to 8, in one embodiment, the angle adjusting mechanism 403 includes a fixing plate 431, a manual adjusting assembly 432, an angle maintaining assembly 433, the fixing plate 431 is disposed on the upper surface of the base 1, the angle maintaining assembly 433 is disposed above the fixing plate 431, and the manual adjusting assembly 432 is disposed between the angle maintaining assembly 433 and the fixing plate 431; the manual adjusting assembly 432 comprises an adjusting support plate 4321, a contact block 4322, a manual adjusting key 4323, a key frame 4324 and a receiving block 4325; the key frame 4324 is disposed on the upper surface of the fixing plate 431, the receiving block 4325 and the manual adjusting key 4323 are disposed on the left side of the key frame 4324, the manual adjusting key 4323 is located below the receiving block 4325, the adjusting support 4321 is disposed in the center of the upper surface of the fixing plate 431 and located on the right side of the key frame 4324, the lower end of the adjusting support 4321 is connected to a third cylinder, the contact block 4322 is disposed below the adjusting support 4321, and the lower end of the contact block 4322 is in contact with the receiving block 4325; the angle maintaining assembly 433 comprises a second motor, a protective housing 4331, a supporting block 4332, a transmission shaft 4333, a driving gear two 4334, a fixed push rod 4335 and an inner core 4336; the inner core 4336 is disposed on a lower surface of the working table 6, the protective housing 4331 is disposed on an outer side of the inner core 4336, a lower end of the protective housing 4331 is connected to the adjusting support plate 4321, the support block 4332 is disposed on a right side of the inner core 4336, a through groove communicated with the outside is disposed in a middle portion of the support block 4332, the transmission shaft 4333 is disposed inside the support block 4332, a gear groove is disposed on a surface of the inner core 4336, the second driving gear 4334 is disposed inside the gear groove, a left side of the transmission shaft 4333 is engaged with a right side of the second driving gear 4334, the fixing push rod 4335 is disposed on a right side of an upper end of the support block 4332, the second motor is disposed at a lower end of the support block 4332 and connected to the transmission shaft 4333, and the second motor is electrically connected to the receiving block 4325 through a controller.
The working principle of the technical scheme is as follows: the angle adjusting mechanism 403 includes a fixed plate 431, a manual adjusting assembly 432, and an angle maintaining assembly 433, the fixed plate 431 is disposed on the upper surface of the base 1, the angle maintaining assembly 433 is disposed above the fixed plate 431, and the manual adjusting assembly 432 is disposed between the angle maintaining assembly 433 and the fixed plate 431; the manual adjusting assembly 432 comprises an adjusting support plate 4321, a contact block 4322, a manual adjusting key 4323, a key frame 4324 and a receiving block 4325; the key frame 4324 is arranged on the upper surface of the fixed plate 431, the receiving block 4325 and the manual adjusting key 4323 are arranged on the left side of the key frame 4324, the manual adjusting key 4323 is positioned below the receiving block 4325, the adjusting support plate 4321 is arranged in the center of the upper surface of the fixed plate 431 and is positioned on the right side of the key frame 4324, the lower end of the adjusting support plate 4321 is connected with the third cylinder, the contact block 4322 is arranged below the adjusting support plate 4321, and the lower end of the contact block 4322 is in contact with the receiving block 4325; the angle maintaining assembly 433 comprises a second motor, a protective housing 4331, a supporting block 4332, a transmission shaft 4333, a driving gear 4334, a fixed push rod 4335 and an inner core 4336; the inner core 4336 is arranged on the lower surface of the workbench 6, the protective housing 4331 is arranged on the outer side of the inner core 4336, the lower end of the protective housing 4331 is connected with the adjusting support plate 4321, the support block 4332 is arranged on the right side of the inner core 4336, the middle part of the support block 4332 is provided with a through groove communicated with the outside, the transmission shaft 4333 is arranged inside the support block 4332, the surface of the inner core 4336 is provided with a gear groove, the driving gear 4334 is arranged inside the gear groove, the left side of the transmission shaft 4333 is engaged with the right side of the driving gear 4334, the fixed ejection rod 4335 is arranged on the right side of the upper end of the support block 4332, the second motor is arranged at the lower end of the support block 4332 and is connected with the transmission shaft 4333, and the second motor is electrically connected with the receiving block 4325 through a controller; in the working process, the angle maintaining assembly 433 automatically and horizontally maintains the worktable 6, in the maintaining process, the receiving block 4325 senses the contact block 4322, the receiving block 4325 senses and receives the information of the distance from the contact block 4322, then the receiving block 4325 processes the received information through the controller and controls the second motor to rotate correspondingly, the second motor rotates to drive the transmission shaft 4333 to rotate, the transmission shaft 4333 is engaged with the adjusting gear 4334 to drive the adjusting gear 4334 to rotate and move up and down along the direction of the transmission shaft 4333, the adjusting gear 4334 is fixedly connected with the inner core 4336 to drive the inner core 4336 to move up and down, the upper end of the inner core 4336 is connected with the worktable 6, so that the worktable 6 is correspondingly changed and kept horizontal under the combined action of the inner cores 4336 in the angle adjusting mechanisms 403 arranged at the two ends of the worktable 6, and the fixed push rod 4335 is pressed against the right side of the upper end of the supporting block 4332, ensuring the stable engagement and transmission of the transmission shaft 4333 and the adjusting gear 4334; when the surface of the observation planometer 11 or the workbench 6 is still inclined after automatic adjustment, the support plate 4321 can be controlled to ascend and descend through the third cylinder by the manual adjusting button 4323.
The beneficial effects of the above technical scheme are that: through the design of above-mentioned structure, this embodiment provides the concrete structure of angle adjustment mechanism 403, maintain the subassembly 433 through the angle and carry out automatically regulated to the horizontal angle of workstation 6, avoid making workstation 6 take place the slope under effort and the vibrations in the course of working, influence the machining precision, when observing survey flat appearance 11 or workstation 6 surface still have more obvious slope after automatic adjustment through manual adjusting part 432, the regulation that goes up and down is carried out through third cylinder control extension board 4321 to accessible manual regulation button 4323, the maneuverability of workstation 6 has been improved, and then the precision of processing has been improved.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "central," "longitudinal," "lateral," "length," "width," "thickness," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "clockwise," "counterclockwise," "axial," "radial," "circumferential," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the invention and to simplify the description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are therefore not to be considered limiting of the invention.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "secured," and the like are to be construed broadly and can, for example, be fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; may be mechanically coupled, may be electrically coupled or may be in communication with each other; they may be directly connected or indirectly connected through intervening media, or they may be connected internally or in any other suitable relationship, unless expressly stated otherwise. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those skilled in the art according to specific situations.
While embodiments of the invention have been disclosed above, it is not limited to the applications set forth in the description and the embodiments, which are fully applicable in various fields of endeavor to which the invention pertains, and further modifications may readily be made by those skilled in the art, it being understood that the invention is not limited to the details shown and described herein without departing from the general concept defined by the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (6)

1. A process method for improving the machining precision of an aluminum plate is characterized by comprising the following steps:
step one, clamping and fixing an aluminum plate on a processing device;
measuring the levelness of the placed aluminum plate;
step three, processing and positioning the aluminum plate;
step four, starting the processing device and carrying out cutting processing;
fifthly, removing scraps and cleaning the machined surface of the aluminum plate;
sixthly, trimming and deburring the machined edge of the aluminum plate;
step seven, replacing a cutter by the machining device and carrying out grinding and finish machining treatment on the surface of the aluminum plate;
step eight, cleaning floating foam on the surface of the aluminum plate after processing and grinding;
step nine, unloading the aluminum plate;
step ten, coating a protective film on the surface of the aluminum plate;
step eleven, storing the aluminum plate;
the machining device comprises a base (1), a moving mechanism (3), a damping device (4), a clamp (5), a planometer (11) and a cutting device (7);
a workbench (6) and a support frame (2) are arranged on the upper surface of the base (1), the support frame (2) is positioned on two sides of the workbench (6), the moving mechanism (3) is arranged at the upper end of the support frame (2), and the damping device (4) is arranged between the base (1) and the workbench (6); the clamps (5) are arranged on two sides of the workbench (6), and the planometer (11) is arranged on the front side of the workbench (6); the cutting device (7) is arranged below the moving mechanism (3) and above the workbench (6);
the damping device (4) comprises a main support (401), an auxiliary support (402) and an angle adjusting mechanism (403), the main support (401) and the auxiliary support (402) are arranged at the bottom of the workbench (6), the main support (401) and the auxiliary support (402) are arranged in a crossed manner, the main support (401) comprises an upper spring (411), a lower spring (412) and a middle rod (413), the upper end of the upper spring (411) is connected with the workbench (6), the lower end of the upper spring (411) is connected with the middle rod (413), the lower spring (412) is arranged at the lower end of the middle rod (413), the lower end of the lower spring (412) is fixed on the upper surface of the base (1), the auxiliary support (402) comprises an upper connecting rod (421), a middle spring (422) and a lower connecting rod (423), the upper end of the upper connecting rod (421) is fixedly connected with the workbench (6), the middle spring (422) is arranged at the lower end of the upper connecting rod (421), the lower connecting rods (423) are arranged at the lower end of the middle spring (422), the lower ends of the lower connecting rods (423) are fixedly connected to the upper surface of the base (1), the number of the angle adjusting mechanisms (403) is two, and the angle adjusting mechanisms (403) are respectively arranged at two ends of the lower surface of the workbench (6);
the angle adjusting mechanism (403) comprises a fixed plate (431), a manual adjusting assembly (432), an angle maintaining assembly (433), wherein the fixed plate (431) is arranged on the upper surface of the base (1), the angle maintaining assembly (433) is arranged above the fixed plate (431), and the manual adjusting assembly (432) is arranged between the angle maintaining assembly (433) and the fixed plate (431); the manual adjusting assembly (432) comprises an adjusting support plate (4321), a contact block (4322), a manual adjusting key (4323), a key frame (4324) and a receiving block (4325); the key frame (4324) is arranged on the upper surface of the fixed plate (431), the receiving block (4325) and the manual adjusting key (4323) are arranged on the left side of the key frame (4324), the manual adjusting key (4323) is positioned below the receiving block (4325), the adjusting support plate (4321) is arranged in the center of the upper surface of the fixed plate (431) and positioned on the right side of the key frame (4324), the lower end of the adjusting support plate (4321) is connected with a third cylinder, the contact block (4322) is arranged below the adjusting support plate (4321), and the lower end of the contact block (4322) is in contact with the receiving block (4325); the angle maintaining assembly (433) comprises a second motor, a protective shell (4331), a supporting block (4332), a transmission shaft (4333), a second driving gear (4334), a fixed ejector rod (4335) and an inner core (4336); the inner core (4336) is arranged on the lower surface of the workbench (6), the protective shell (4331) is arranged on the outer side of the inner core (4336), the lower end of the protective shell (4331) is connected with the adjusting support plate (4321), the support block (4332) is arranged on the right side of the inner core (4336), the middle of the support block (4332) is provided with a through groove communicated with the outside, the transmission shaft (4333) is arranged inside the support block (4332), the surface of the inner core (4336) is provided with a gear groove, the driving gear II (4334) is arranged inside the gear groove, the left side of the transmission shaft (4333) is meshed with the right side of the driving gear II (4334), the fixed ejector rod (4335) is arranged on the right side of the upper end of the support block (4332), the second motor is arranged at the lower end of the support block (4332) and is connected with the transmission shaft (4333), the second motor is electrically connected to the receiving block (4325) through a controller.
2. The process method for improving the machining precision of the aluminum plate is characterized in that a chip collecting box (10) is arranged on the upper surface of the base (1), and the chip collecting box (10) is located between the workbench (6) and the supporting frame (2); a film laminating machine (8) is arranged in front of the workbench (6), and cleaning devices (9) are arranged on the upper surface of the base (1) and positioned on two sides of the scrap collecting box (10); support frame (2) include pillar (201) and connecting plate (202), the quantity of pillar (201) has four, pillar (201) all sets up the upper surface of base (1), the quantity of connecting plate (202) has two, connecting plate (202) set up the upper end of pillar (201), connecting plate (202) surface is relative is provided with the spout, moving mechanism (3) are passed through the spout slides and sets up between connecting plate (202).
3. The process method for improving the machining precision of the aluminum plate as claimed in claim 2, wherein the moving mechanism (3) comprises a moving plate (301), a sliding block (302) and a first air cylinder, the first air cylinder is fixed on the inner surface of the sliding groove, the sliding block (302) is slidably arranged inside the sliding groove of the connecting plate (202) and fixedly connected with the first air cylinder, two ends of the moving plate (301) are fixedly connected with the sliding block (302) respectively, a fixed groove (303) is arranged in the moving plate (301), a first driving gear (304) is arranged at the left end of the fixed groove (303), a driven gear (305) is arranged at the right end of the fixed groove (303), a conveying crawler (306) is arranged between the first driving gear (304) and the driven gear (305), and two ends of the lower surface of the conveying crawler (306) are respectively arranged with the first driving gear (304) and the driven gear (305) The first driving gear (304) is connected with a first motor, and the cutting device (7) is fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower surface of the conveying crawler (306).
4. The process method for improving the machining precision of the aluminum plate is characterized in that the cutting device (7) comprises a second air cylinder (701), a detaching plate, a cutter head (702) and a limiting column, the second air cylinder (701) is fixedly arranged below the conveying crawler (306), the detaching plate is fixedly arranged below the second air cylinder (701), the cutter head (702) is detachably connected with the detaching plate through threads, the limiting column is arranged on the side surface of the detaching plate, and one end of the limiting column penetrates through the inside of the detaching plate and penetrates through the upper end of the cutter head (702).
5. The process method for improving the machining precision of the aluminum plate is characterized in that electromagnetic absorption blocks are embedded in the upper surface of the workbench (6), magnetic pressing blocks are movably placed on the upper surface of the workbench (6), the clamp (5) comprises clamping plates (501), adjusting bolts (502) and positioning convex circles (503), the clamping plates (501) are arranged at two ends of the workbench (6), the positioning convex circles (503) are arranged on the upper surface of the workbench (6) and located below the clamping plates (501), the adjusting bolts (502) penetrate through the clamping plates (501), the lower ends of the adjusting bolts (502) are connected with the workbench (6), rubber pads are arranged on the lower surfaces of the clamping plates (501), and adjusting buttons (504) are arranged at the upper ends of the adjusting bolts (502).
6. The process method for improving the machining precision of the aluminum plate as claimed in claim 2, wherein the cleaning device (9) comprises an air gun (901), an adjusting rod (902), an air gun groove (903), a chip blocking plate (904) and a plastic support rod; the chip blocking plate (904) is arranged on the outer side of the chip collecting box (10), an air gun groove (903) matched with the air gun (901) is formed in the upper end of the chip blocking plate (904), the air gun (901) is arranged in the air gun groove (903) through the plastic supporting rod, the adjusting rod (902) is arranged at the outer end of the air gun (901), and the air gun (901) is connected with an air pipe.
CN202110098838.9A 2021-01-25 2021-01-25 Process method and device for improving machining precision of aluminum plate Active CN112792514B (en)

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CN112792514A (en) 2021-05-14

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