CN112737233A - Rotor shaft assembly pretreatment platform - Google Patents

Rotor shaft assembly pretreatment platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112737233A
CN112737233A CN202011610819.1A CN202011610819A CN112737233A CN 112737233 A CN112737233 A CN 112737233A CN 202011610819 A CN202011610819 A CN 202011610819A CN 112737233 A CN112737233 A CN 112737233A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor shaft
shaft
assembly
platform
rotor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN202011610819.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112737233B (en
Inventor
郭庆军
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Chongqing Jianzhu College
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Chongqing Jianzhu College
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Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Jianzhu College filed Critical Chongqing Jianzhu College
Priority to CN202011610819.1A priority Critical patent/CN112737233B/en
Publication of CN112737233A publication Critical patent/CN112737233A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN112737233B publication Critical patent/CN112737233B/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/02Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines of stator or rotor bodies
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K15/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining or repairing of dynamo-electric machines
    • H02K15/14Casings; Enclosures; Supports

Abstract

The application provides a processing platform before rotor shaft assembly for solve the current undulant problem of electrode defective index that leads to because of rotor shaft quality is unstable. The platform comprises a clamping piece assembling unit, a transferring unit and a surface processing unit which are sequentially arranged along the warp passing direction. The clamping piece assembling unit transfers the rotor shaft from the supporting table to the clamping piece assembling mechanism through the moving mechanism to finish the automatic assembling of the clamping piece; the surface treatment unit drives the rotor shaft at the sheet metal support to be suspended at the treatment cavity through the driving mechanism to rotate, so that the surface treatment unit can continuously and completely complete the treatments of cleaning, detecting, finishing and the like of the surface of the sheet metal support, and can stably discharge the treated rotor shaft through the four-bar mechanism. The cooperation is transported the unit and is accomplished the rotor shaft automatically and is being held the transport between a piece assembly unit and surface treatment unit, has realized the quality detection of rotor shaft before the motor assembly economically, has promoted the processing, is favorable to guaranteeing the electrode quality of assembly, reduces the defective rate to improve the productivity effect.

Description

Rotor shaft assembly pretreatment platform
Technical Field
The application relates to the technical field of motor assembly production, in particular to a pretreatment platform for rotor shaft assembly.
Background
The rotor shaft is the core component of the motor, the rotor part of the rotor shaft is the main magnetic pole of the motor, the shaft part bears the torque and the electromagnetic torque transmitted by the prime mover, and the quality of the shaft part determines the performance of the motor. At present, the quality control of the rotor shaft emphasizes on the axial precision, and the visibility of the outer surface performance indexes such as the surface cleanliness, the flatness and the like of the rotor shaft is insufficient, so that the defective rate of the assembled electrode fluctuates frequently, and the production benefit of the product is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The application aims to provide a processing platform before rotor shaft assembly, has solved the current technical problem that the rate of defective products of electrode is undulant because of rotor shaft quality is unstable.
The application provides a processing platform before rotor shaft assembly for with the card hold the piece assembly in the shaft part of rotor shaft, and clear up, detect, process such as repairment to the rotor part of rotor shaft and the surface of shaft part.
In one embodiment disclosed in the present application, the rotor shaft assembly pretreatment platform includes:
a chucking member assembling unit for pushing the chucking member into the chucking groove of the shaft portion of the rotor shaft; the clamping piece assembling unit comprises a supporting table, a clamping piece and a clamping piece, wherein the supporting table is provided with an accommodating space for accommodating a rotor part of a rotor shaft and a limiting groove for limiting the shaft part of the rotor shaft; a holding member assembling mechanism; and a transfer mechanism for transferring the rotor shaft from the support table to the chucking member assembly mechanism; wherein, a card assembly devices includes: a clamping member guide bar; a holder having a main body portion and an attachment portion; the main body part is connected with the lower end of the clamping piece guide bar and is provided with a material channel for the clamping piece to move to the pushing position of the clamping piece; the auxiliary part is provided with a fixing groove for receiving the rotor shaft transferred by the transfer mechanism; the material pushing pressing die is used for pushing the clamping piece positioned at the pushing position of the clamping piece into the clamping groove of the rotor shaft;
a surface treatment unit acting on an outer surface of the rotor shaft; the surface treatment unit includes: a process chamber for providing a force applied to an outer surface of the rotor shaft; the metal plate support is used for supporting the shaft part of the rotor shaft; a driving mechanism configured to perform a rotating operation on the rotor shaft when the rotor shaft is supported on the sheet metal bracket; a four-bar linkage configured to transfer the rotor shaft to a discharge chute when the rotor shaft completes the outer surface treatment; the driving mechanism at least comprises a rotatable roller, and when the roller is in friction contact with the shaft part of the rotor shaft, the roller drives the rotor shaft to rotate;
and a transfer unit; the transferring unit is used for grabbing the rotor shaft which is assembled by the clamping part in the fixed seat and transferring and placing the rotor shaft in the sheet metal support.
Clamping a piece assembly unit will be held in the card in this application, transport unit and surface treatment unit set gradually along the walking direction, the automatic joint location of accomplishing the piece of card to the rotor shaft of clamping through clamping a piece assembly unit, accomplish the clearance on rotor shaft surface through the surface treatment unit is automatic, detect or maintain the processing, the cooperation is transported the automatic transport of accomplishing the rotor shaft and is clamping between a piece assembly unit and surface treatment unit, thereby realized the quality detection of rotor shaft before the motor assembly economically, promote the processing, be favorable to guaranteeing the electrode quality of assembly, reduce the defective rate, thereby the productivity effect is improved.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the retainer mounting mechanism further includes: a fixed limit stop and a movable limit stop; the fixed limit stop and the movable limit stop are used for fixing the position of the limit rotor shaft in the axial direction.
This application carries out axial fixity through fixed limit stop and movable limit stop to the rotor shaft in the fixed slot, and the cooperation fixed slot is favorable to improving the positioning accuracy that pushes away the material moulding-die and hold the rotor shaft when holding a card and assemble to rotor shaft horizontal displacement. Meanwhile, the material pushing pressing die adopts a mode of horizontally pushing the clamping piece to clamp the part of the rotor shaft, and vertical displacement of the rotor shaft is further limited, so that the assembly precision of the clamping piece and the rotor shaft is improved.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the retainer mounting mechanism further includes: the pressing block is fixed on the inner side of the main body part and used for limiting the advancing direction of the material pushing pressing die; the pushing cylinder is connected with the pushing pressing die; the propulsion cylinder is arranged on one side of the cylinder mounting seat; the cylinder mounting seat is provided with an accommodating cavity, and the pushing pressing die is arranged in the accommodating cavity and partially extends to the pressing block.
This application utilizes the horizontal inner wall of this cavity through the holding cavity of the cylinder mount pad of fixed propulsion cylinder, carries out the assistance-steering to propulsion cylinder and material pushing die-die, is favorable to stablizing the advancing direction who pushes away the material die to be favorable to guaranteeing the mechanical effort intensity that pushes away the material die.
This application utilizes the briquetting to inject the advancing direction of pushing away the material moulding-die, with the structure phase-match that pushes away the material moulding-die to guarantee that the card is held and is held the piece and normally the unloading in pushing away the material moulding-die.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, a transfer mechanism includes: a lifting cylinder; the longitudinal cylinder is arranged at the working end of the lifting cylinder; a sliding plate disposed at a working end of the longitudinal cylinder; a transfer frame arranged on the sliding plate; wherein the transfer frame is provided with a V-shaped groove for placing the rotor shaft.
In the transfer mechanism of this application, transfer frame and sliding plate can rotate the circulation in vertical plane under the dual function of lift cylinder and vertical cylinder, and the cooperation supporting bench is fixed a position to stewing of rotor shaft, can realize the transportation that a rotor axial card held assembly devices department in less space.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, a support table includes: the first supporting table and the second supporting table are respectively provided with a limiting groove; the first adjusting mechanism and the second adjusting mechanism are respectively connected with the first supporting table and the second supporting table; an accommodating space for accommodating the rotor part of the rotor shaft is formed between the first supporting platform and the second supporting platform; the first support table can move relative to the second support table, so that the width of the accommodating space is changed.
This application is adjusted first, two supporting bench's interval through first, two adjustment mechanism, can make the supporting bench be applicable to the rotor shaft of different specifications, is favorable to improving the suitability of this application.
In one embodiment disclosed by the application, a pressing block is also assembled on the guide strip of the clamping piece; the pressing block is used for pushing the plurality of clamping pieces to the main body part of the fixed seat.
The clamping part that the joint was held in the card and is held a conducting bar in this application is under the effect of briquetting, and the automatic unloading of a piece can be realized holding to the form of a conducting bar is held in the cooperation card.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the driving mechanism further includes: a transverse carriage; a movable plate slidable in a vertical direction with respect to the lateral carriage; a drive motor disposed on the transverse carriage; a vertical driving cylinder arranged on the movable plate; the transmission shaft assembly is in transmission connection with the driving motor; the working end of the vertical driving cylinder penetrates through the movable plate to be fixedly connected with the transverse sliding frame; the roller is arranged at the tail end of the transmission shaft assembly; when the cross carriage slides to a preset position, the roller is in frictional contact with the shaft portion of the rotor shaft.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the driving mechanism further includes: a slide rail; and the first driving cylinder is connected with the transverse sliding frame and used for pushing the transverse sliding frame to slide along the sliding rail.
The utility model provides a actuating mechanism drives actuating cylinder, vertical driving actuating cylinder and driving motor's operating condition through regulation and control first, can realize the automatic crimping and the rotation control of gyro wheel and rotor shaft.
In one embodiment of the present disclosure, the four-bar linkage is a parallel four-bar linkage comprising: the second driving cylinder, the first connecting rod, the second connecting rod, the third connecting rod, the base plate and the working arm; the second driving cylinder is hinged and fixed with one end of the second connecting rod and one end of the third connecting rod through a first hinge shaft; the other end of the third connecting rod is hinged and fixed with one end of the first connecting rod through a second hinge shaft; the other end of the first connecting rod is hinged and fixed on the surface of the platform through a third hinge shaft; the other end of the second connecting rod is hinged and fixed on the surface of the platform through a fourth hinge shaft; the first connecting rod is parallel to the second connecting rod; two ends of the base plate are respectively fixed on the first articulated shaft and the second articulated shaft, so that the base plate is parallel to the third connecting rod; the work arm is fixed in one side of base plate, and the front end of work arm extends to panel beating support department.
The four-bar linkage that this application adopted, through the regulation and control of second cylinder operating condition, can stabilize the direction to the work arm, realize that the work arm snatchs and forwards on the rotor shaft.
This application adopts a simple linear drive mechanism to realize the accuracy of rotor shaft snatch and stably transport in less space through the structure and the position design to four-bar linkage, panel beating support, unloading slide.
In one embodiment disclosed by the application, the blanking slideway is defined by a first blanking frame and a second blanking frame; the first blanking frame is connected with a first adjusting mechanism, and the second blanking frame is connected with a second adjusting mechanism; when the first adjusting mechanism and/or the second adjusting mechanism work, the first blanking frame can move relative to the second blanking frame, so that the width of the blanking slide formed by the first blanking frame and the second blanking frame is adjustable.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the present application or the prior art, the following briefly introduces the embodiments or drawings required to be used in the technical description, and obviously, the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a retainer mounting unit in the embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural view of a transfer mechanism in an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a surface treatment unit in an embodiment of the present application.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a four-bar linkage mechanism in an embodiment of the present application.
Reference numerals: 100. the clamping part assembling unit comprises 200 parts of a transferring unit and 300 parts of a surface processing unit;
10. the supporting platform comprises a supporting platform 10a, a first supporting platform 10b, a second supporting platform 10c, an accommodating space 10d and a limiting groove 10 d; 10a 'first adjusting mechanism, 10 b' second adjusting mechanism;
11. a lifting cylinder, 12, a longitudinal cylinder, 13, a sliding plate, 14, a transfer frame and 14a.V type grooves;
15. a fixed seat, 15a, a main body part, 15b, a fixed groove;
16. a clamping piece guide bar, 16c. a pressing block and 16d. a clamping piece;
17. a cylinder mount, 17a.
18. Pushing a material pressing die, 18a, pressing a block;
19a, a fixed limit stop, 19b, a movable limit stop;
31a slide rail, 31b a first driving cylinder; 32. the device comprises a transverse sliding frame, a movable plate, a driving motor and a vertical driving cylinder, wherein the transverse sliding frame is 33, the movable plate is 34, and the vertical driving cylinder is 35;
36. a drive shaft assembly, 36a. a roller;
37. a four-bar linkage, 37a, a first link, 37b, a second link, 37c, a third link, 37d, a first hinge shaft, 37e, a second hinge shaft, 37f, a base plate, 37g, a working arm, 37h, a third hinge shaft, 37k, a fourth hinge shaft, 37' a second driving cylinder;
38. a process chamber, 38a. a sheet metal support;
39. a blanking slide, 39a. a first blanking frame, 39b. a second blanking frame; 39a ', a first adjustment mechanism, 39 b', a second adjustment mechanism.
Detailed Description
In the following, only certain exemplary embodiments are briefly described. As those skilled in the art will recognize, the described embodiments may be modified in various different ways, all without departing from the spirit or scope of the embodiments of the present application. Accordingly, the drawings and description are to be regarded as illustrative in nature, and not as restrictive.
In the description of the embodiments of the present application, it is to be understood that the terms "longitudinal," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," "axial," and the like are used in the orientation or positional relationship indicated in the drawings for convenience in describing the embodiments of the present application and for simplicity in description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated in a particular manner, and thus should not be construed as limiting the embodiments of the present application.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the embodiments of the present application, "a plurality" means two or more unless specifically defined otherwise.
In the embodiments of the present application, unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning fixedly connected, detachably connected, or integrally formed; the connection can be mechanical connection, electrical connection or communication; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the embodiments of the present application can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to specific situations.
In the embodiments of the present application, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the first feature "on" or "under" the second feature may include the first and second features being in direct contact, and may also include the first and second features not being in direct contact but being in contact with each other through another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly above and obliquely above the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser level than the second feature.
The following disclosure provides many different embodiments or examples for implementing different configurations of embodiments of the application. In order to simplify the disclosure of embodiments of the present application, specific example components and arrangements are described below. Of course, they are merely examples and are not intended to limit embodiments of the application. Moreover, embodiments of the present application may repeat reference numerals and/or reference letters in the various examples, which have been repeated for purposes of brevity and clarity and do not in themselves dictate a relationship between the various embodiments and/or arrangements discussed. In addition, the examples provided in the examples of this application are examples of various specific processes and materials, but one of ordinary skill in the art may recognize applications of other processes and/or use of other materials.
Embodiments of the present application will be described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiment of the application provides a processing platform before rotor shaft assembly for accomplish in proper order and automatically and assemble the card and hold the piece in the shaft part of rotor shaft to the rotor part of rotor shaft and the surface of shaft part carry out processing operations such as clearance, detection, repairment.
As shown in fig. 1, in the rotor shaft pre-assembly treatment platform, a retainer assembly unit 100, a transfer unit 200, and a surface treatment unit 300 are sequentially provided in a treatment traveling direction. After the fixed connection of the engaging piece 16d with the engaging groove of the shaft portion of the rotor shaft a1 is completed in the engaging piece assembling unit 100, the rotor shaft a1 is grabbed by the transfer unit 200 and conveyed to the surface processing unit 300 to complete the outer surface processing operations of finishing, cleaning, inspecting, finishing, etc. the rotor portion and/or the shaft portion of the rotor shaft a1, thereby completing the processing operations before the rotor shaft is assembled.
Wherein the content of the first and second substances,
as shown in fig. 2, the chuck assembly unit 100 includes a support table 10, a chuck assembly mechanism, and a transfer mechanism.
The supporting platform 10 includes a first supporting platform 10a and a second supporting platform 10b, an accommodating space 10c for accommodating a rotor portion of the rotor shaft is provided between the two supporting platforms, and two pairs of matching limiting grooves 10d are provided on the surfaces of the two supporting platforms for accommodating shaft portions of the rotor shaft.
The first support table 10a is connected to a first adjusting mechanism 10a ', and the second support table 10b is connected to a second adjusting mechanism 10 b'. The first support table 10a is driven to move relative to the second support table 10b by the operation of the first adjustment mechanism 10a 'and/or the second adjustment mechanism 10 b', so as to change the width of the accommodating space 10c for rotor shafts with rotor portions of different specifications.
The clamping part assembling mechanism comprises a fixed seat 15, a clamping part guide bar 16, a pushing cylinder 17a, a pushing pressing die 18 and a limit stop. The holder 15 has a body part 15a and an attachment part with a fixing groove 15b for receiving a shaft part for fixing the rotor shaft.
The limit stopper is provided at the fixing groove 15b, and includes a fixed limit stopper 19a and a movable limit stopper 19b. In this embodiment, the shaft portion of the longer side of the rotor shaft protrudes out of the fixed groove 15b, is movably connected to the working end of the movable limit stopper 19b, and is pushed by the movable limit stopper 19b, so that the shaft portion of the rotor shaft located in the fixed groove 15b and having the shorter side is movably abutted to the working end of the fixed limit stopper 19a disposed in the fixed groove 15b, and the rotor shaft is stably fixed in the fixed groove 15 in the axial direction.
The lower end of the retainer guide 16 is connected to the main body portion 15a. In this embodiment, the cross-section of the holding member guide bar 16 is i-shaped, and is L-shaped and connected to the main body portion 15a. The clamping piece guide bars 16 are movably clamped with a plurality of clamping pieces 16d and are provided with pressing blocks 16c. The pressing block 16c acts on the holding member 16d to slide from the vertical part of the holding member guide bar 16 to the horizontal part, and discharges from a material channel arranged inside the main body part 15a to a material pushing pressing die 18 movably arranged on the inner side of the main body part 15a.
The material pushing pressing die 18 is driven by the pushing cylinder 17a to move from the main body part 15a toward the shaft part of the rotor shaft fixed on the fixing groove 15b, so that the clamping member is pushed into the clamping groove of the shaft part, and the assembly of the clamping member and the rotor shaft is completed. A pressing block 18a is also fixed to the inside of the main body portion 15a for restricting the advancing direction of the pushing die 18.
The pushing cylinder 17a is fixed on one side of the cylinder mounting seat 17, and the cylinder mounting seat 17 is provided with a containing cavity for containing a connecting structure of the pushing pressing die 18 and the pushing cylinder 17a.
As shown in fig. 3, the transfer mechanism includes a lift cylinder 11, a vertical cylinder 12, a slide plate 13, and a transfer frame 14. The transfer rack 14 is disposed in the accommodating space 10c and has a V-shaped groove 14a that can match the limiting groove 10 d. The transfer frame 14 is provided on a slide plate 13, the slide plate 13 is provided at the working end of the longitudinal cylinder 12, and the longitudinal cylinder 12 is provided at the working end of the lift cylinder. Therefore, the sliding plate 13 can drive the transfer frame 14 to move in the vertical direction and the process proceeding direction in the accommodating space 10c by the driving of the lifting cylinder 11 and the longitudinal cylinder 12, so that the rotor shaft placed in the V-groove is conveyed to the fixing seat 15, and the shaft portion of the rotor shaft is received by the fixing groove 15b.
As shown in fig. 4, the surface treatment unit 300 includes a treatment chamber 38, a sheet metal bracket 38a, a driving mechanism, a four-bar linkage 37, and a blanking chute 39.
A sheet metal bracket 38a is disposed adjacent to the process chamber 38. The rotor shaft a1 has its shaft portion supported in a sheet metal bracket 38a so that the rotor portion of the rotor shaft a1 is partially located within the process chamber 38. The working end of the chamber 38 may be fitted with corresponding apparatus for cleaning, inspecting, dressing, etc. the outer surface of the rotor shaft so that the rotor shaft a1 is continuously and completely treated during its rotation.
The driving mechanism comprises a slide rail 31a, a first driving air cylinder 31b, a transverse sliding frame 32, a movable plate 33, a driving motor 34, a vertical driving air cylinder 35, a transmission shaft assembly 36 and a roller 36a. The first driving cylinder 31b is connected to the cross carriage 32 to push the cross carriage 32 to slide horizontally along the slide rail 31a. The working end of the vertical driving cylinder 35 passes through the movable plate 33 and is fixedly connected with the transverse sliding frame 32 so as to drive the movable plate 33 to vertically move above the transverse sliding frame 32. The drive motor 34 acts on the drive shaft assembly 36 to rotate the rollers 36a attached to the ends of the drive shaft assembly 36. The roller 36a is connected with the movable plate 33, the surface of the roller 36a can be abutted against the shaft part of the rotor shaft A1 through regulating the first driving cylinder 31b and the vertical driving cylinder 35, the rotor shaft A1 is driven to rotate at the sheet metal bracket 38a through friction, and therefore the outer surface of the rotor shaft A1 can be continuously and completely processed correspondingly in the processing cavity 38.
As shown in fig. 5, the four-bar linkage 37 includes a second driving cylinder 37', a first link 37a, a second link 37b, a third link 37c, a base plate 37f, and an operating arm 37g. The second driving cylinder 37' is hinged and fixed with one end of the second connecting rod 37b and the third connecting rod 37c through a first hinge shaft 37 d; the other end of the third link 37c is hinged and fixed with one end of the first link 37a through a second hinge shaft 37 e; the other end of the first link 37a is hinged and fixed on the surface of the platform through a third hinge shaft 37 h; the other end of the second link 37b is hinged and fixed to the platform surface through a fourth hinge shaft 37 k; the first link 37a is parallel to the second link 37 b; the base plate 37f is fixed at both ends to the first hinge shaft 37d and the second hinge shaft 37e, respectively, so that the base plate 37f is parallel to the third link 37 c; the working arm 37g is fixed to one side of the base plate 37f, and the front end of the working arm 37g extends to the sheet metal bracket 38a. When the second driving cylinder 37' is in an extending state, the first hinge shaft 37d is stretched to move to the right, so that the top hinge point of the second connecting rod 37b and the third connecting rod 37c are driven to move to the right, and then the top hinge point of the first connecting rod 37a is driven to move to the right, so that the second hinge shaft 37e synchronously moves to the right, the base plate 37f is far away from the sheet metal bracket 38a, and the front end of the working arm 37g at the moment is just positioned near the supporting position of the sheet metal bracket 38a. After the surface treatment of the rotor shaft a1 is completed, the second driving cylinder 37' contracts to drive the first hinge shaft 37d to move left, so as to drive the top hinge point of the second link 37b and the third link 37c to move left, and further to transmit to the top hinge point of the first link 37a, so that the second hinge shaft 37e synchronously moves left, so as to move the base plate 37f toward the sheet metal bracket 38a, and in the process, the front end of the working arm 37g moves obliquely upward to be connected with the shaft portion of the rotor shaft a1, so as to take out the rotor shaft a1 from the sheet metal bracket 38a, and finally convey the rotor shaft a1 to the blanking chute 39.
The blanking chute 39 includes a first blanking frame 39a and a second blanking frame 39b. The first discharging rack 39a is connected to a first adjusting mechanism 39a ', and the second discharging rack 39b is connected to a second adjusting mechanism 39 b'. When the first adjusting mechanism 39a 'and/or the second adjusting mechanism 39 b' are operated, the first blanking frame 39a can move relative to the second blanking frame 39b so that the width of the blanking chute 39 formed by them can be adjusted to match the width of the accommodating space 10c at the supporting table 10.
When the assembling platform provided by the assembling platform is used for detecting the rotor shaft, the rotor shaft is fed to the accommodating space of the supporting table. The rotor shaft is conveyed to the fixed seat by the conveying frame of the conveying mechanism, so that the shaft rod part of the rotor shaft is arranged in the fixed groove of the fixed seat and is fixed along the axial direction under the combined action of the fixed limit stop and the movable limit stop. And then, the pushing cylinder drives the pushing pressing die to move back to abut against the pressing block, so that the clamping piece sleeved at the guide bar of the clamping piece is fed into the pushing pressing die from a material channel formed in the main body part of the fixing seat under the action of the pressing block. The pushing cylinder drives the pushing pressing die to horizontally move towards the rotor shaft rod part, the clamping piece in the pushing pressing die is pushed into the rotor shaft rod part, the clamping piece is clamped and fixed at a specific position of the rotor shaft rod part, the assembling operation of the rotor shaft clamping piece is completed, and the pushing cylinder drives the pushing pressing die to retract to the starting position. The clamping jaw of the transferring unit slides to the fixed seat to downwards clamp the rotor shaft, after the rotor shaft is lifted, the clamping part assembly unit in the platform is clamped to the sheet metal support of the transferring unit under the driving of the sliding seat, so that the shaft rod part of the rotor shaft is respectively supported at the top roller of the sheet metal support, and the clamping jaw is retracted to the starting position. The first driving cylinder and the vertical driving cylinder respectively regulate and control the spatial positions of the transverse sliding frame and the movable plate, so that the surface of the roller can be in compression joint with the shaft part of the rotor shaft between the metal plates. The driving motor and the transmission shaft assembly drive the roller to rotate, so that the rotor shaft rotates along with the rotor shaft due to the friction action. The working end of the cleaning, detecting or finishing device arranged in the processing cavity can continuously and stably process the outer surface of the rotor shaft in the rotating process of the rotor shaft, so that the reliable performance of the rotor shaft is ensured before the motor is assembled. And then, the second driving cylinder works to drive the four-bar mechanism to deform, so that the working arm extracts the rotor shaft in the sheet metal support and sends the rotor shaft to the discharging slideway to finish discharging.

Claims (10)

1. The assembly pretreatment platform of the rotor shaft is characterized in that the rotor shaft (A1) is provided with a rotor part and shaft parts arranged at two sides of the rotor part, and the shaft parts are provided with clamping grooves; characterized in that, this platform includes:
a retainer assembling unit (100) for pushing a retainer (16 d) into a catching groove of a rotor shaft (a 1), comprising:
a support table (10) having an accommodation space (10 c) for accommodating a rotor portion of the rotor shaft and a limit groove (10 d) for limiting a shaft portion of the rotor shaft;
a holding member assembling mechanism; and
a transfer mechanism that transfers the rotor shaft (A1) from the support table (10) to a chuck assembly mechanism;
wherein, a card holding member assembly devices includes:
a retainer bar (16);
a holder (15) having a main body portion (15 a) and an attachment portion;
the main body part (15 a) is connected with the lower end of the clamping piece guide bar (16), and the main body part (15 a) is provided with a material channel for the clamping piece (16 d) to move to a clamping piece pushing position; the auxiliary part is provided with a fixing groove (15 b) for receiving a rotor shaft (A1) transferred by the transfer mechanism;
a material pushing pressing die (18) for pushing the clamping piece (16 d) positioned at the clamping piece pushing position into the clamping groove of the rotor shaft (A1);
-a surface treatment unit (300) acting on the outer surface of the rotor shaft (a 1), comprising:
a treatment chamber (38) for providing a force applied to an outer surface of the rotor shaft (A1);
the sheet metal bracket (38 a) is used for supporting the shaft part of the rotor shaft;
a drive mechanism configured to perform a rotational operation on the rotor shaft (A1) when the rotor shaft (A1) is supported on the sheet metal bracket (38 a);
a four-bar linkage (37) configured to transfer the rotor shaft (A1) to a blanking chute (39) when the rotor shaft (A1) completes an outer surface treatment;
wherein the drive mechanism comprises at least one rotatable roller (36 a) which drives the rotor shaft (A1) to rotate when the roller (36 a) is in friction contact with the shaft part of the rotor shaft;
a transfer unit (200) for grabbing the rotor shaft (A1) with the completed clamping piece assembled in the fixed seat and transferring and placing the rotor shaft (A1) in the sheet metal bracket (38 a).
2. The rotor shaft pre-assembly treatment platform of claim 1, wherein the retainer assembly mechanism further comprises:
a fixed limit stop (19 a) and a movable limit stop (19 b);
the fixed limit stopper (19 a) and the movable limit stopper (19 b) serve to fix the position of the limit rotor shaft (a 1) in the axial direction.
3. The rotor shaft pre-assembly treatment platform of claim 1, wherein the retainer assembly mechanism further comprises:
a pressing block (18 a) fixed to the inner side of the body portion (15 a) for restricting the advancing direction of the pushing ram (18);
a propulsion cylinder (17 a) connected with the pushing pressing die (18);
wherein the propulsion cylinder (17 a) is mounted on one side of the cylinder mounting seat (17); the cylinder mounting seat (17) is provided with a containing cavity, and the material pushing pressing die (18) is arranged in the containing cavity and partially extends to the pressing block (18 a).
4. The rotor shaft pre-assembly treatment platform of claim 1, wherein the transfer mechanism comprises:
a lift cylinder (11);
a longitudinal cylinder (12) arranged at the working end of the lifting cylinder (11);
a sliding plate (13) provided at the working end of the longitudinal cylinder (12);
a transfer frame (14) provided on the slide plate (13);
wherein the transfer rack (14) has a V-shaped groove (14 a) for receiving the rotor shaft (A1).
5. The rotor shaft pre-assembly processing platform of claim 1, wherein the support table (10) comprises:
the first supporting platform (10 a) and the second supporting platform (10 b) are respectively provided with a limiting groove (10 d);
a first adjusting mechanism (10 a ') and a second adjusting mechanism (10 b') which are respectively connected with the first supporting platform (10 a) and the second supporting platform (10 b);
wherein, an accommodating space (10 c) for accommodating a rotor part of the rotor shaft is formed between the first supporting platform (10 a) and the second supporting platform (10 b); the first support table (10 a) is movable relative to the second support table (10 b) to vary the width of the receiving space (10 c).
6. The pre-assembly treatment platform for the rotor shaft as recited in claim 1, wherein the clamping member guide bar (16) is further provided with a pressing block (16 c); the pressing piece (16 c) is used for pushing the plurality of clamping pieces (16 d) to the main body part (15 a) of the fixed seat.
7. The rotor shaft pre-assembly treatment platform of claim 1, wherein the drive mechanism further comprises:
a transverse carriage (32);
a movable plate (33) slidable in a vertical direction with respect to the lateral carriage (32);
a drive motor (34) disposed on the cross carriage (32);
a vertical driving cylinder (35) provided on the movable plate (33);
a transmission shaft assembly (36) in transmission connection with the driving motor (34);
the working end of the vertical driving cylinder (35) penetrates through the movable plate (33) and is fixedly connected with the transverse sliding frame (32); the roller (36 a) is arranged at the tail end of the transmission shaft assembly (36); the roller (36 a) is in frictional contact with the shaft portion of the rotor shaft when the cross carriage (32) slides to a preset position.
8. The rotor shaft assembly preparation platform of claim 7, wherein the drive mechanism further comprises:
a slide rail (31 a); and
a first driving cylinder (31 b), wherein the first driving cylinder (31 b) is connected with the transverse sliding frame (32) and is used for pushing the transverse sliding frame (32) to slide along the sliding rail (31 a).
9. The pre-assembly treatment platform for the rotor shaft according to any one of claims 1 to 8, wherein the four-bar linkage (37) is a parallel four-bar linkage comprising:
a second driving cylinder (37'), a first connecting rod (37 a), a second connecting rod (37 b), a third connecting rod (37 c), a base plate (37 f) and a working arm (37 g);
the second driving cylinder (37') is fixedly hinged with one ends of the second connecting rod (37 b) and the third connecting rod (37 c) through a first hinge shaft (37 d);
the other end of the third connecting rod (37 c) is hinged and fixed with one end of the first connecting rod (37 a) through a second hinge shaft (37 e);
the other end of the first connecting rod (37 a) is hinged and fixed on the surface of the platform through a third hinge shaft (37 h);
the other end of the second connecting rod (37 b) is hinged and fixed on the surface of the platform through a fourth hinge shaft (37 k);
said first link (37 a) being parallel to said second link (37 b);
the two ends of the base plate (37 f) are respectively fixed on the first hinge shaft (37 d) and the second hinge shaft (37 e), so that the base plate (37 f) is parallel to the third connecting rod (37 c);
the working arm (37 g) is fixed on one side of the base plate (37 f), and the front end of the working arm (37 g) extends to the sheet metal support (38 a).
10. The rotor shaft pre-assembly treatment platform according to claim 9, wherein the blanking chute (39) is defined by a first blanking frame (39 a), a second blanking frame (39 b);
the first blanking frame (39 a) is connected with a first adjusting mechanism (39 a '), and the second blanking frame (39 b) is connected with a second adjusting mechanism (39 b');
when the first adjusting mechanism (39 a ') and/or the second adjusting mechanism (39 b') are/is operated, the first blanking frame (39 a) can move relative to the second blanking frame (39 b) so that the width of the blanking slide (39) formed by the first blanking frame and the second blanking frame can be adjusted.
CN202011610819.1A 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 Rotor shaft assembly pretreatment platform Active CN112737233B (en)

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CN112737233B CN112737233B (en) 2021-11-05

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GB1484466A (en) * 1973-09-14 1977-09-01 Gen Electric Method for attaching an end frame and another structural component of a dynamo-electric machine
JP2008259356A (en) * 2007-04-06 2008-10-23 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Device for assembling permanent magnet synchronous motor
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CN103997167A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-08-20 合肥凯邦电机有限公司 Automatic rotor chamfering machine
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CN105207423A (en) * 2015-10-26 2015-12-30 合肥凯邦电机有限公司 Machine capable of allowing rotor to enter shaft
CN107042396A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-08-15 温州职业技术学院 The electronically controlled motor rotating shaft spiral fan blades wheel assembly working unit of assembling gauge counting unit is set
CN210192746U (en) * 2019-04-09 2020-03-27 深圳市兴特创自动化设备有限公司 Automatic discharging and feeding and discharging integrated device
CN210669810U (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-06-02 日本电产(东莞)有限公司 Rotor installation device and motor installation system
CN111463972A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-28 安徽锐锋电器有限公司 Machining method for automobile rotor

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1484466A (en) * 1973-09-14 1977-09-01 Gen Electric Method for attaching an end frame and another structural component of a dynamo-electric machine
JP2008259356A (en) * 2007-04-06 2008-10-23 Mitsubishi Electric Corp Device for assembling permanent magnet synchronous motor
CN103236763A (en) * 2013-03-18 2013-08-07 常州新区金康精工机械有限公司 Automatic motor assembly line
CN203554210U (en) * 2013-08-29 2014-04-16 湖州永昌贝诗讬电器实业有限公司 Automatic snap spring and bearing pressing machine of motor rotor
CN103997167A (en) * 2014-05-20 2014-08-20 合肥凯邦电机有限公司 Automatic rotor chamfering machine
CN104773437A (en) * 2015-03-23 2015-07-15 浙江伟康电机有限公司 Continuous assembling and conveying equipment for motor rotors
CN105207423A (en) * 2015-10-26 2015-12-30 合肥凯邦电机有限公司 Machine capable of allowing rotor to enter shaft
CN107042396A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-08-15 温州职业技术学院 The electronically controlled motor rotating shaft spiral fan blades wheel assembly working unit of assembling gauge counting unit is set
CN210192746U (en) * 2019-04-09 2020-03-27 深圳市兴特创自动化设备有限公司 Automatic discharging and feeding and discharging integrated device
CN210669810U (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-06-02 日本电产(东莞)有限公司 Rotor installation device and motor installation system
CN111463972A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-28 安徽锐锋电器有限公司 Machining method for automobile rotor

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