CN112717545A - Chinese medicinal material solution extraction processing device and Chinese patent medicine preparation method - Google Patents

Chinese medicinal material solution extraction processing device and Chinese patent medicine preparation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112717545A
CN112717545A CN202011425265.8A CN202011425265A CN112717545A CN 112717545 A CN112717545 A CN 112717545A CN 202011425265 A CN202011425265 A CN 202011425265A CN 112717545 A CN112717545 A CN 112717545A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
preparation
cauldron
ring
port
filtering
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Pending
Application number
CN202011425265.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李高平
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Jiang Ercheng
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011425265.8A priority Critical patent/CN112717545A/en
Publication of CN112717545A publication Critical patent/CN112717545A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/04Combinations of filters with settling tanks
    • B01D36/045Combination of filters with centrifugal separation devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K36/00Medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/14Evaporating with heated gases or vapours or liquids in contact with the liquid
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/16Evaporating by spraying
    • B01D1/18Evaporating by spraying to obtain dry solids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D1/00Evaporating
    • B01D1/16Evaporating by spraying
    • B01D1/20Sprayers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D11/00Solvent extraction
    • B01D11/02Solvent extraction of solids
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/30Extraction of the material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/50Methods involving additional extraction steps
    • A61K2236/51Concentration or drying of the extract, e.g. Lyophilisation, freeze-drying or spray-drying
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61KPREPARATIONS FOR MEDICAL, DENTAL, OR TOILET PURPOSES
    • A61K2236/00Isolation or extraction methods of medicinal preparations of undetermined constitution containing material from algae, lichens, fungi or plants, or derivatives thereof, e.g. traditional herbal medicine
    • A61K2236/50Methods involving additional extraction steps
    • A61K2236/53Liquid-solid separation, e.g. centrifugation, sedimentation or crystallization

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of traditional Chinese medicine processing, in particular to a traditional Chinese medicine solution extraction and processing device which comprises a storage mechanism, a driving mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a concentration mechanism, wherein the upper end of the storage mechanism is connected with the driving mechanism, the lower end of the storage mechanism is connected with the concentration mechanism through the conveying mechanism, the storage mechanism comprises a preparation kettle, a sealing cover, a top plate, a plurality of sliding rods and heating wires, the sliding rods are annularly arranged on the outer side of the preparation kettle, the heating wires are arranged on the inner wall of the preparation kettle, the upper end of the preparation kettle is provided with an opening, the sealing cover is sealed on the opening, the top plate is arranged at the upper end of the sealing cover. The invention has higher filtering and purifying speed and higher efficiency for liquid medicine dregs, is convenient for quickly and synchronously filtering suspended matters in liquid and dregs with large diameter, and solves the problems that the heating and purifying time is long and the medicine effect is easy to be damaged due to continuous high temperature when the medicine is purified.

Description

Chinese medicinal material solution extraction processing device and Chinese patent medicine preparation method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of traditional Chinese medicine processing, in particular to a traditional Chinese medicine solution extraction and processing device and a Chinese patent medicine preparation method.
Background
The Chinese medicine is a medicine which is guided by the Chinese traditional medicine theory to collect, process and prepare, explains the action mechanism and guides the clinical application, in short, the Chinese medicine is a substance which is guided by the Chinese traditional medicine theory and is used for preventing, treating and diagnosing diseases and has the functions of rehabilitation and health care, and the Chinese medicine is mainly derived from natural medicines and processed products thereof, including plant medicines, animal medicines, mineral medicines and partial chemical and biological products.
In the process of extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine, the decocted traditional Chinese medicine solution is often required to be extracted, so that a purified solution with higher medicine purity is obtained.
The tradition draws equipment, exists when filtering in earlier stage, and the filtering step is loaded down with trivial details, and the user equipment is numerous, and the liquid medicine edulcoration is not thorough, and the slow and poor problem of efficiency of filter speed to and when the liquid medicine is concentrated dry, often adopt the continuous heating to boil the evaporation mode and concentrate the extraction to the medicine, this type of mode makes some poor chemical stability's medicine take place to decompose under lasting high temperature effect easily, influences the property of a medicine, exists not enoughly.
Disclosure of Invention
1. Technical problem to be solved
Aiming at the problems in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a traditional Chinese medicine solution extraction and processing device which solves the problems of low speed, filtering effect insertion, high efficiency, multiple devices and inconvenience in operation of the traditional liquid medicine in the early filtering step, and solves the problem that the property of the medicine is easily damaged due to continuous high temperature when the medicine is concentrated and refined.
2. Technical scheme
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical solutions.
A Chinese medicinal material solution extraction processing device comprises a storage mechanism, a driving mechanism, a conveying mechanism and a concentration mechanism;
the storage mechanism is used for preparing a medicinal material solution, the upper end of the storage mechanism is connected with the driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is used for driving the filtering assembly to filter the dregs in the medicinal material solution;
the conveying mechanism is used for conveying the filtered medicinal material solution to the concentration mechanism;
the lower end of the storage mechanism is connected with the concentration mechanism, and the concentration mechanism is used for evaporating and filtering water in the medicinal material solution to realize purification of the medicinal material solution.
Further, deposit the mechanism and establish including preparation cauldron, sealed lid, roof, ring a plurality of slide bars and setting in the preparation cauldron outside the heating wire of preparation cauldron inner wall, the upper end of preparation cauldron is equipped with the opening, sealed lid seal in on the opening, the roof sets up the upper end of sealed lid, a plurality of the upper end of slide bar is passed sealed lid with the bottom of roof is connected all around.
Further, actuating mechanism includes motor, bull stick, screwed pipe, pin, first filter house and second filter house, the motor sets up the central point of roof puts, the upper end of bull stick with the output of motor is connected, the screwed pipe cover is established the outside of bull stick, and the activity between the two wears to be equipped with the pin, the upper end of bull stick with the upper end of screwed pipe corresponds the pin respectively and runs through the position and has seted up the pinhole, reciprocal screw thread has been seted up to the outside of screwed pipe, the center of sealed lid seted up with the screw of reciprocal screw thread looks adaptation, the screwed pipe spiro union in inside the screw, the lower extreme of bull stick passes the screwed pipe extends to the inside of preparation cauldron can be dismantled and be connected with first filter component and/or second filter component.
Further, first filtering component is including filtering frame, stopper, two apron and collection bags, filter frame one side with the connection can be dismantled to the side of bull stick, filter the inside of frame and seted up the rectangular channel, two the apron seal in inside the rectangular channel, and two one side of apron respectively with rectangular channel both sides limit is articulated, two the opposite side of apron passes through collect the bag and connect, the stopper sets up on filtering the upper and lower both ends of the inner wall of frame, the side both ends of stopper respectively with two the side of apron offsets.
Further, the second filter assembly includes connection frame and collection portion, one side of connection frame with the side of bull stick can be dismantled continuously, the connection frame with filter the frame with can dismantle the connected mode specifically does between the bull stick: clamping blocks are arranged on the side surface of the connecting frame and the side surface of the filtering frame, and a plurality of clamping grooves matched with the clamping blocks are formed in the periphery of the bottom of the rotating rod;
the opposite side of linkage frame with the collection portion inboard is connected, the collection portion is the arc structure for the cross section, the outside of collection portion with be equipped with a centimetre clearance between the inner wall of preparation cauldron, the cavity has been seted up to the inside of collection portion, one side of cavity is located the collection portion inboard switches on has a plurality of collection mouths, it is the round platform structure to collect the mouth, the inside of collecting the mouth is equipped with the through hole, the both ends of through hole are upper circle and foundation ring respectively, the upper circle diameter is greater than the diameter of foundation ring, the foundation ring with the cavity intercommunication, the lower extreme of cavity is located collection portion bottom intercommunication has the arc opening, the inside sealing of arc opening has the closing plate.
Further, concentrated mechanism is established including concentrated cauldron, atomising head, hot air drying machine and ring a plurality of play tuber pipes of concentrated cauldron inner wall, the atomising head set up in the inside top of concentrated cauldron is a plurality of the atomising head passes through transport mechanism with the preparation cauldron intercommunication, it is L type structure to go out the tuber pipe, the both ends that go out the tuber pipe are equipped with first port and second port respectively, be formed with angle a between first port and the second port, angle a's number of degrees is the degree, and is a plurality of first port all with hot air drying machine's output intercommunication.
Further, transport mechanism includes piston post, delivery pump, electric putter, wears to locate piston rod and the piston piece of piston post inside, the round chamber has been seted up to the inside of piston post, the upper end of piston post is passed through the round chamber with the bottom intercommunication of preparation cauldron, piston piece sliding connection with the round intracavity portion, the upper end of piston rod with the bottom of piston piece is connected, the lower extreme of piston rod runs through the piston post with electric putter's bottom is connected, electric putter's setting is in one side of piston post, just electric putter's upper end with the bottom of preparation cauldron is connected, one side of cavity is located the side of piston post switches on there is the liquid outlet, the liquid outlet with the input of delivery pump is connected, the other end of delivery pump with a plurality of atomising head intercommunication.
Further, concentrated mechanism still includes and receives liquid case, a plurality of standpipe, communicates a plurality ofly the air duct of standpipe, it is a plurality of the standpipe vertical direction ring is established concentrated cauldron around, it is a plurality of go out tuber pipe one end first port with the standpipe intercommunication, in a plurality of standpipes, one of them one side of standpipe with hot air dryer's output is connected, receive the liquid case set up in concentrated cauldron's bottom.
Furthermore, the storage mechanism further comprises a support, a fitting ring and a fitting groove, the preparation kettle is arranged at the upper end of the support, the fitting groove is formed around the top of the preparation kettle, the fitting ring is matched with the fitting groove, and the fitting ring is arranged around the bottom of the sealing cover.
Furthermore, the driving mechanism further comprises a bearing, the bearing sleeve is arranged between the outer portion of the rotating rod and the inner wall of the threaded pipe, and the rotating rod penetrates through the inner portion of the threaded pipe in a rotating mode through the bearing.
A method for preparing Chinese medicinal material comprises extracting the purified solution of Chinese medicinal materials with the extraction device of any one of claims 1-9.
3. Advantageous effects
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) when filtering the filter frame in this scheme and being connected with the bull stick, the motor passes through the bull stick and drives the filter frame and rotate at the inside folk prescription of preparation cauldron, it is the same with the direction of opening of two apron to rotate the direction, two apron are opened relatively in the inside of filtering the frame, thereby make the solid dregs of a decoction in the preparation cauldron can get into in the collection bag through the space of two formation before the apron, realize when stirring mixed medicine, carry out quick collection filtration to the solid dregs of a decoction of large granule, and when motor rotation direction changed, two apron are under the liquid medicine pressure effect, be close to and laminate to the stopper, thereby make two apron close relatively in the inside of filtering the frame, prevent that the dregs of a decoction in the collection bag from flowing out from the filter frame is inside, when the motor rotated this moment, it plays the homogeneous mixing mixed effect to the liquid medicine to drive the filter frame.
(2) In this scheme, when the connection box is connected with the bull stick, utilize the motor to rotate the collection portion of drive connection box tip and rotate in the preparation cauldron is inside to make the liquid medicine form spiral centrifugal force, the dregs of a decoction that suspend in the liquid medicine are close to preparation cauldron inner wall under centrifugal force, and enter into the inside of collection portion through collecting the mouth, thereby accomplish the separation of the dregs of a decoction that suspend in the liquid medicine and liquid medicine fast, filter more thoroughly, and the filter effect is higher, and efficiency is faster.
(3) In this scheme, when the carriage sets up in the outside of bull stick simultaneously with filtering the frame, the motor rotates, drive the outside carriage of bull stick and filter the synchronous rotation of frame, when two apron of filtering frame inside are opened, filter the collection to the solid dregs of a decoction of major diameter, and the little solid dregs of a decoction of suspension then gets into in the collection portion through collecting the mouth in the liquid medicine, realize that large granule dregs of a decoction and tiny particle suspension are under the drive of same motor, realize synchronous filtration, the filter effect is better, the filter efficiency is faster, and filter more thoroughly.
(4) When the pin wears to establish in screwed pipe and bull stick in this scheme, with locking between screwed pipe and the bull stick to when the bull stick rotates, the drive screwed pipe rotates in the screw of the inside of sealed lid, thereby utilizes the outside reciprocal screw thread drive of screwed pipe to seal the outside up-and-down motion at the screwed pipe, thereby conveniently opens sealed lid from the upper end of preparation cauldron, and the convenience advances cleanly to the inside of preparation cauldron, can change filter frame and connection frame simultaneously.
(5) The inside ring of concentrated cauldron is equipped with a plurality of play tuber pipe designs, and the design of angle between the first port in tuber pipe both ends and the second port, thereby make the wind of hot air drying machine output discharge through a plurality of play tuber pipes, and form spiral shell whirlwind in concentrated cauldron, and the atomising head atomizes the liquid medicine, effectively increase the contact surface of liquid medicine and dry wind, improve liquid medicine moisture evaporation rate, spiral shell whirlwind effectively increases the dwell time of liquid medicine in concentrated cauldron simultaneously, improve moisture evaporation efficiency, thereby obtain the purification liquid of high concentration fast, accomplish the solution and extract, the extraction rate piece, the extraction time is short, avoid the medicine to continuously heat, the destroyed problem of property of a medicine appears.
(6) Collect the mouth and be halfpace structural design to and collect mouthful both ends upper ring diameter and be greater than the design of foundation ring diameter, thereby the suspended solid in the increase preparation cauldron enters into the probability of collecting in the mouth, and when the foundation ring diameter was less than the upper ring diameter, the suspended solid granule that gets into in the collection portion was difficult to discharge the outside of collecting the portion through the foundation ring simultaneously, thereby has avoided the suspended solid after the collection to enter into the liquid medicine problem once more through collecting the mouth.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of the structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a main sectional view of the structure of FIG. 1 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a first filter assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a second filter assembly according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a sectional top view of the collector section of FIG. 4 according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the collecting port of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a top view of the first filter portion of fig. 3 according to the present invention (only a single filter frame is shown in fig. 3).
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the structure of FIG. 1 at A in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a sectional top view of the concentrating chamber shown in FIG. 1 according to the present invention.
The reference numbers in the figures illustrate:
1. preparing a kettle; 2. a support; 3. an electric push rod; 4. a piston post; 5. a piston rod; 6. a liquid outlet; 7. a sealing cover; 8. a slide bar; 9. a top plate; 10. a motor; 11. a rotating rod; 12. a card slot; 13. a fitting groove; 14. fitting a circle; 15. a threaded pipe; 16. a screw hole; 17. a pin; 18. a bearing; 19. a piston block; 20. a filter frame; 21. a limiting block; 22. a cover plate; 23. a collection bag; 24. a clamping block; 25. a connecting frame; 26. a collecting section; 27. a collection port; 28. a sealing plate; 29. a limiting groove; 30. a delivery pump; 31. a concentration kettle; 32. a liquid collection box; 33. an air outlet pipe; 34. a hot air dryer; 35. an atomizing head; 36. an air guide port; 37. an air duct; 38. a vertical tube; 39. a first port; 40. a second port; 271. winding; 272. a bottom ring.
Detailed Description
The technical solution in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings in the embodiments of the present invention; it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments, and all other embodiments obtained by those skilled in the art without any inventive work are within the scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-9, a device for extracting and processing a traditional Chinese medicine solution comprises a storage mechanism, a driving mechanism, a transportation mechanism and a concentration mechanism, wherein the storage mechanism is used for preparing the traditional Chinese medicine solution, the upper end of the storage mechanism is connected with the driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is used for driving a filtering assembly to filter dregs in the traditional Chinese medicine solution; the conveying mechanism is used for conveying the filtered medicinal material solution to the concentration mechanism; the lower end of the storage mechanism is connected with the concentration mechanism, and the concentration mechanism is used for evaporating and filtering water in the medicinal material solution to realize purification of the medicinal material solution.
The storage mechanism comprises a preparation kettle 1, a sealing cover 7, a top plate 9, a plurality of slide bars 8 annularly arranged on the outer side of the preparation kettle 1 and heating wires arranged on the inner wall of the preparation kettle 1, wherein an opening is formed in the upper end of the preparation kettle 1, the sealing cover 7 is sealed on the opening, the top plate 9 is arranged at the upper end of the sealing cover 7, the upper ends of the slide bars 8 penetrate through the sealing cover 7 to be connected with the periphery of the bottom of the top plate 9, as shown in fig. 1, the number of the slide bars 8 is set to be optimal from three to five, so that the sliding stability of the sealing cover 7 on the slide bars 8 can be improved when the sealing cover 7 slides up and down through a threaded pipe 15, and a plurality of through;
actuating mechanism includes motor 10, bull stick 11, screwed pipe 15, pin 17, first filter house and second filter house, motor 10 sets up the central point at roof 9 and puts, the upper end of bull stick 11 is connected with the output of motor 10, screwed pipe 15 cover is established in the outside of bull stick 11, and the pin 17 is worn to be equipped with in the activity between the two, reciprocal screw thread has been seted up to screwed pipe 15's outside, screw 16 with reciprocal screw thread looks adaptation is seted up at the center of sealed lid 7, screwed pipe 15 spiro union is inside screw 16, the lower extreme of bull stick 11 passes screwed pipe 15 and extends to preparation cauldron 1's inside and can dismantle and be connected with first filtering component and/or second filtering component.
The first filtering component comprises a filtering frame 20, a limiting block 21, two cover plates 22 and a collecting bag 23, one side of the filtering frame 20 is detachably connected with the side surface of the rotating rod 11, a rectangular groove is formed in the filtering frame 20, the two cover plates 22 are sealed in the rectangular groove, one side of each of the two cover plates 22 is hinged with the two side edges of the rectangular groove, when the side surface of each cover plate 22 is hinged with the inner side of the rectangular groove, one side of each cover plate 22 rotates around one side of the rectangular groove relatively, the two cover plates 22 are unfolded relatively, large-particle medicine residues can enter the collecting bag 23 conveniently, as shown in figure 3, the other sides of the two cover plates 22 are connected through the collecting bag 23, the limiting block 21 is arranged at the upper end and the lower end of the inner wall of the filtering frame 20, two ends of the side surface of the limiting block 21 respectively abut against the side surfaces of the two cover plates 22, and the limiting block 21, the realization is when filtering frame 20 and moving around bull stick 11 positive direction, two apron 22 are opening the mouth relatively, when motor 10 drive bull stick 11 negative direction motion, two apron 22 sides offset with stopper 21 side to utilize two apron 22 to close filtering frame 20, as shown in figure 3, the spacing groove 29 can be seted up to apron 22 and stopper 21 contact department, thereby when the apron 22 side contacts with stopper 21, improve the two stability of being connected, make the both ends of stopper 21 just imbed in the spacing groove 29 of two apron 22 sides.
The second filtering component includes connecting frame 25 and collection portion 26, one side of connecting frame 25 can be dismantled with the side of bull stick 11 and link to each other, the opposite side and the collection portion 26 inboard of connecting frame 25 are connected, collection portion 26 is the arc structure for the cross section, be equipped with a centimetre clearance between the outside of collection portion 26 and the inner wall of preparation cauldron 1, a centimetre clearance sets up, avoid collection portion 26 and the contact of preparation cauldron 1 inner wall, influence collection portion 26 and rotate, the cavity has been seted up to the inside of collection portion 26, one side of cavity is located collection portion 26 inboard and switches on and have a plurality of collection mouths 27, the cavity setting, the convenient suspended particles that enter into collection portion 26 concentrates the collection.
The concentration mechanism comprises a concentration kettle 31, an atomization head 35, a hot air dryer 34 and a plurality of air outlet pipes 33 annularly arranged on the inner wall of the concentration kettle 31, the atomization head 35 is arranged at the top end inside the concentration kettle 31, the atomization heads 35 are communicated with the preparation kettle 1 through a transport mechanism, the air outlet pipes 33 are of an L-shaped structure, two ends of each air outlet pipe 33 are respectively provided with a first port 39 and a second port 40, an angle a is formed between the first port 39 and the second port 40, the degree of the angle a is 175 degrees, the first ports 39 are all communicated with the output end of the hot air dryer 34, and the design of the angle is 175 degrees, the wind output by the wind outlet pipe 33 can be output around the center of the concentration kettle 31, so that when a plurality of wind outlet pipes 33 output hot wind simultaneously, spiral rotating air is formed in the concentration kettle 31, so that the retention time of the atomized liquid medicine in the concentration kettle 31 is prolonged, and the evaporation, drying and concentration efficiency is improved.
It should be noted that the hot air dryer 34 can select a heating wire heating method, and can be externally connected with a temperature controller to accurately regulate and control the temperature of the hot air output by the hot air dryer 34, so as to meet the requirements of different medicine drying temperatures.
Referring to fig. 2, the transportation mechanism includes a piston column 4, a delivery pump 30, an electric push rod 3, a piston rod 5 and a piston block 19 penetrating the piston column 4, a circular cavity is opened inside the piston column 4, the upper end of the piston column 4 is communicated with the bottom of the preparation kettle 1 through the circular cavity, the piston block 19 is connected with the inside of the circular cavity in a sliding manner, the upper end of the piston rod 5 is connected with the bottom of the piston block 19, the lower end of the piston rod 5 penetrates through the piston column 4 and is connected with the bottom of the electric push rod 3, the electric push rod 3 is arranged at one side of the piston column 4, the upper end of the electric push rod 3 is connected with the bottom of the preparation kettle 1, one side of the cavity is located at the side of the piston column 4 and is communicated with a liquid outlet 6, the liquid outlet 6 is connected with the input end of the delivery pump 30, the other end of the delivery pump 30 is communicated with a plurality of atomizing heads 35, thereby when getting rid of liquid, piston block 19 moves the lower extreme to liquid outlet 6, makes the liquid in the preparation cauldron 1 get rid of from liquid outlet 6 through the circle chamber, and when piston block 19 moved the circle chamber upper end, seals between preparation cauldron 1 and the circle chamber, makes things convenient for daily preparation chamber 1 to heat the mixture to the liquid medicine, and can not make the liquid medicine enter into the circle chamber.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, the detachable connection between the connection frame 25 and the filter frame 20 and the rotation rod 11 is specifically: the side of the connecting frame 25 and the side of the filtering frame 20 are both provided with clamping blocks 24, the periphery of the bottom of the rotating rod 11 is provided with a plurality of clamping grooves 12 matched with the clamping blocks 24 in a surrounding manner, when the clamping blocks 24 are inserted into the clamping grooves 12, connection between the two corresponding parts is realized, the clamping blocks 24 can be in an L shape, and the clamping blocks 24 can be conveniently inserted into the clamping grooves 12.
Referring to fig. 1, 2 and 4, the upper end of the rotating rod 11 and the upper end of the threaded pipe 15 are respectively provided with a pin hole corresponding to the penetrating position of the pin 17, the pin 17 is arranged to facilitate the locking between the threaded pipe 15 and the rotating rod 11, so that the threaded pipe 15 and the rotating rod 11 are integrated, and when the pin 17 is separated from the two, the rotating rod 11 is driven by the motor 10 to rotate inside the threaded pipe 15 through the bearing 18, so that the threaded pipe 15 cannot be driven to rotate synchronously.
Referring to fig. 6, the collection port 27 is a circular truncated cone structure, a through hole is formed in the collection port 27, an upper ring 271 and a bottom ring 272 are respectively arranged at two ends of the through hole, the diameter of the upper ring 271 is larger than that of the bottom ring 272, the bottom ring 272 is communicated with the hollow cavity, and when the diameter of the upper ring 271 is larger than that of the bottom ring 272, the probability that suspended matters in the preparation kettle 1 enter the filter frame 27 is increased, and when the diameter of the bottom ring 272 is smaller than that of the upper ring 271, suspended matter particles entering the collection portion 26 are not easy to be discharged to the outside of the collection portion 26 through the bottom ring 272, so that the problem that the collected suspended matters enter the liquid medicine again through the filter frame 27 is solved.
Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the lower end of the middle hole cavity is located at the bottom of the collecting part 26 and communicated with an arc-shaped opening, a sealing plate 28 is sealed inside the arc-shaped opening, and the arc-shaped opening and the sealing plate 28 are designed to facilitate cleaning of the inside of the collecting part 26.
Referring to fig. 1, concentrated mechanism still includes and receives liquid case 32, a plurality of standpipe 38, the air duct 37 of a plurality of standpipe 38 of intercommunication, a plurality of standpipe 38 vertical direction rings are established around concentrated cauldron 31, the first port 39 and the standpipe 38 intercommunication of a plurality of tuber pipes 33 one end, in a plurality of standpipe 38, one side of one of them standpipe 38 is connected with hot air dryer 34's output, it sets up in concentrated cauldron 31 bottom to receive liquid case 32, a plurality of standpipe 38 designs, can be with a plurality of tuber pipes 33 vertical distribution in one side of standpipe 38, the tuber pipe 33 homoenergetic that realizes a plurality of vertical direction settings is air-out in step.
Referring to fig. 1, the storage mechanism further comprises a support 2, a fitting ring 14 and a fitting groove 13, the preparation kettle 1 is arranged at the upper end of the support 2, the fitting groove 13 is formed around the top of the preparation kettle 1, the fitting ring 14 is matched with the fitting groove 13, the fitting ring 14 is arranged around the bottom of the sealing cover 7, and the design of the fitting groove 13 and the fitting ring 14 is beneficial to improving the connection sealing performance between the sealing cover 7 and the preparation kettle 1.
Referring to fig. 8, the driving mechanism further includes a bearing 18, the bearing 18 is sleeved between the outside of the rotating rod 11 and the inner wall of the threaded pipe 15, the rotating rod 11 is rotatably inserted into the threaded pipe 15 through the bearing 18, and the bearing 18 is disposed to facilitate the rotating rod 11 to rotate inside the threaded pipe 15.
In addition, the invention also adopts the Chinese medicinal material solution extraction device to realize the Chinese medicinal material solution extraction method, and 5 comprises the following steps;
a boiling step; cutting the traditional Chinese medicine raw materials into powder, placing the powder into a preparation kettle 1, and then heating the interior of the preparation kettle 1 through an electric heating wire in the preparation kettle 1 to form a liquid medicine;
a filtering step; the rotating rod 11 rotates to drive the filter frame 20 to rotate, so that the large-diameter medicine dregs in the medicine liquid are filtered by the collecting bag 23 inside the filter frame 20 to prepare primary filtrate;
a centrifugal separation step; the collection part 26 is driven by the motor 10 to rotate at a high speed, so that the rotating flow speed of the liquid medicine in the preparation kettle 1 is accelerated, and the suspended medicine residues in the primary filtrate are collected into the collection part 26 through the collection port 27 under the action of centrifugal force, so that supernatant is obtained;
a concentration step; the supernatant is pressurized and conveyed by a conveying pump 30, sprayed into a mist shape by an atomizing head 35, and then evaporated by spiral drying air generated in a concentration kettle 31 by a hot air dryer 34, thereby obtaining a purified liquid.
A method for preparing Chinese medicinal material comprises extracting the purified solution of Chinese medicinal materials with the extraction device of any one of claims 1-9.
The working principle of the invention is as follows:
the motor 10 drives the filter frame 20 to rotate in one direction inside the preparation kettle 1 through the rotating rod 11, when the filter frame 20 is connected with the rotating rod 11 in the scheme, when the rotating direction is the same as the opening direction of the two cover plates 22, the two cover plates 22 are opened relatively inside the filter frame 20, so that solid medicine dregs in the preparation kettle 1 can enter the collection bag 23 through a gap formed between the two cover plates 22, and large-particle solid medicine dregs can be rapidly collected and filtered while the mixed medicine is stirred; when the rotation direction of the motor 10 is changed, the two cover plates 22 approach the limiting block 21 and are attached to the limiting block under the action of the liquid medicine pressure, so that the two cover plates 22 are closed relatively to the inside of the filter frame 20, and the medicine residues in the collection bag 23 are prevented from flowing out of the inside of the filter frame 20, and at the moment, when the motor 10 rotates, the filter frame 20 is driven to uniformly stir and mix the liquid medicine, so that the liquid medicine is heated more uniformly;
when the connecting frame 25 is connected with the rotating rod 11, the motor 10 is used for driving the collecting part 26 at the end part of the connecting frame 25 to rotate in the preparation kettle 1, so that the liquid medicine forms a spiral centrifugal force, the suspended medicine dregs in the liquid medicine are close to the inner wall of the preparation kettle 1 under the action of the centrifugal force and enter the collecting part 26 through the collecting port 27, the separation of the suspended medicine dregs in the liquid medicine and the liquid medicine is rapidly finished, the filtration is more thorough, the filtration effect is higher, and the efficiency is faster; when the connecting frame 25 and the filter frame 20 are arranged outside the rotating rod 11 at the same time, the motor 10 rotates to drive the connecting frame 25 outside the rotating rod 11 and the filter frame 20 to synchronously rotate, when the two cover plates 22 inside the filter frame 20 are opened, the large-diameter solid medicine residues are filtered and collected, and the small suspended solid medicine residues in the liquid medicine enter the collecting part 26 through the collecting port 27, so that large-particle medicine residues and small-particle medicine residues are suspended under the driving of the same motor 10, synchronous filtering is realized, the filtering effect is better, the filtering efficiency is higher, and the filtering is more thorough;
when the pin 17 is arranged in the threaded pipe 15 and the rotating rod 11 in a penetrating manner, the threaded pipe 15 and the rotating rod 11 are locked, so that when the rotating rod 11 rotates, the threaded pipe 15 is driven to rotate in the screw hole 16 in the sealing cover 7, the sealing cover 1 is driven to move up and down outside the threaded pipe 15 by utilizing the reciprocating threads outside the threaded pipe 15, the sealing cover 7 is conveniently opened from the upper end of the preparation kettle 1, the interior of the preparation kettle 1 is conveniently cleaned, and meanwhile, the filter frame 20 and the connecting frame 25 can be replaced; when the pin 17 rotates the rod 11 to be separated from the inside of the threaded pipe 15, the rotating rod 11 does not drive the threaded pipe 15 to rotate when rotating along with the motor 10;
the design of 175 degree angle between the first port 39 in tuber pipe 33 both ends and the second port 40, thereby make the wind of hot air dryer 34 output discharge through a plurality of tuber pipes 33, and form spiral shell whirlwind in concentrated cauldron 31, and atomising head 35 atomizes the liquid medicine, effectively increase the contact surface of liquid medicine and dry wind, improve liquid medicine moisture evaporation rate, spiral whirlwind effectively increases the dwell time of liquid medicine in concentrated cauldron 31 simultaneously, improve moisture evaporation efficiency, thereby obtain the purification liquid of high concentration fast, accomplish the solution and draw, the extraction speed piece, the extraction time is short, avoid medicine sustained heating, the destroyed problem of property of a medicine appears, be equipped with gas guide 36 from the upper end of the concentrated cauldron 31 shown in figure 2, make things convenient for gas to discharge concentrated cauldron 31.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention; the scope of the invention is not limited thereto. Any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention by equivalent or modified solutions and modifications within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a chinese-medicinal material solution draws processingequipment which characterized in that: comprises a storage mechanism, a driving mechanism, a transportation mechanism and a concentration mechanism;
the storage mechanism is used for preparing a medicinal material solution, the upper end of the storage mechanism is connected with the driving mechanism, and the driving mechanism is used for driving the filtering assembly to filter the dregs in the medicinal material solution;
the conveying mechanism is used for conveying the filtered medicinal material solution to the concentration mechanism;
the lower end of the storage mechanism is connected with the concentration mechanism, and the concentration mechanism is used for evaporating and filtering water in the medicinal material solution to realize purification of the medicinal material solution.
2. The device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein:
deposit the mechanism and establish including preparation cauldron (1), sealed lid (7), roof (9), ring a plurality of slide bars (8) in the preparation cauldron (1) outside and setting are in the heating wire of preparation cauldron (1) inner wall, the upper end of preparation cauldron (1) is equipped with the opening, sealed lid (7) seal in on the opening, roof (9) set up the upper end of sealed lid (7), it is a plurality of the upper end of slide bar (8) is passed sealed lid (7) with the bottom of roof (9) is connected all around.
3. The device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein: actuating mechanism includes motor (10), bull stick (11), screwed pipe (15), pin (17), first filter house and second filter house, motor (10) set up the central point of roof (9) puts, the upper end of bull stick (11) with the output of motor (10) is connected, screwed pipe (15) cover is established the outside of bull stick (11), and the activity between the two wears to be equipped with pin (17), the upper end of bull stick (11) with the upper end of screwed pipe (15) corresponds pin (17) respectively and runs through the position and has seted up the pinhole, reciprocal screw thread has been seted up to the outside of screwed pipe (15), the center of sealed lid (7) seted up with screw (16) of reciprocal screw thread looks adaptation, screwed pipe (15) spiro union in inside screw hole (16), the lower extreme of bull stick (11) passes screwed pipe (15) extend to the inside of preparation cauldron (1) can dismantle and be connected with first filter house A filter assembly and/or the second filter assembly.
4. The device for extracting and processing Chinese herbal medicine solution as claimed in claim 3, wherein: first filtering component is including filtering frame (20), stopper (21), two apron (22) and collection bag (23), filter frame (20) one side with the connection can be dismantled to the side of bull stick (11), the rectangular channel has been seted up in the inside of filtering frame (20), two the apron (22) seal in the rectangular channel is inside, and two one side of apron (22) respectively with rectangular channel both sides limit is articulated, two the opposite side of apron (22) passes through collect bag (23) and connect, stopper (21) set up on the upper and lower both ends of the inner wall of filtering frame (20), the side both ends of stopper (21) respectively with two the side of apron (22) offsets.
5. The device for extracting and processing Chinese herbal medicine solution as claimed in claim 3, wherein: the second filter assembly comprises a connecting frame (25) and a collecting part (26), one side of the connecting frame (25) is detachably connected with the side surface of the rotating rod (11), the connecting frame (25) is detachably connected with the filter frame (20) between the rotating rod (11) in a detachable mode: clamping blocks (24) are arranged on the side surface of the connecting frame (25) and the side surface of the filtering frame (20), and a plurality of clamping grooves (12) matched with the clamping blocks (24) are formed in the periphery of the bottom of the rotating rod (11) in a surrounding mode;
the other side of the connecting frame (25) is connected with the inner side of the collecting part (26), the collecting part (26) is of an arc-shaped structure in cross section, a clearance of one centimeter is arranged between the outer side of the collecting part (26) and the inner wall of the preparation kettle (1), a hollow cavity is arranged in the collecting part (26), one side of the hollow cavity is positioned at the inner side of the collecting part (26) and is communicated with a plurality of collecting ports (27), the collecting port (27) is in a circular truncated cone structure, a through hole is arranged in the collecting port (27), the two ends of the through hole are respectively an upper ring (271) and a bottom ring (272), the diameter of the upper ring (271) is larger than that of the bottom ring (272), the bottom ring (272) is communicated with the hollow cavity, the lower end of the hollow cavity is located at the bottom of the collecting part (26) and is communicated with an arc-shaped opening, and a sealing plate (28) is sealed in the arc-shaped opening.
6. The device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein: concentrated mechanism is established including concentrated cauldron (31), atomising head (35), hot air dryer (34) and ring a plurality of play tuber pipe (33) of concentrated cauldron (31) inner wall, atomising head (35) set up in the inside top of concentrated cauldron (31), it is a plurality of atomising head (35) pass through transport mechanism with preparation cauldron (1) intercommunication, it is L type structure to go out tuber pipe (33), the both ends that go out tuber pipe (33) are equipped with first port (39) and second port (40) respectively, be formed with angle a between first port (39) and second port (40), the number of degrees of angle a is 175 degrees, and is a plurality of first port (39) all with the output intercommunication of hot air dryer (34).
7. The device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the transportation mechanism comprises a piston column (4), a delivery pump (30), an electric push rod (3), a piston rod (5) and a piston block (19) which are arranged in the piston column (4) in a penetrating way, a round cavity is formed in the piston column (4), the upper end of the piston column (4) is communicated with the bottom of the preparation kettle (1) through the round cavity, the piston block (19) is connected with the inside of the round cavity in a sliding way, the upper end of the piston rod (5) is connected with the bottom of the piston block (19), the lower end of the piston rod (5) penetrates through the piston column (4) and is connected with the bottom of the electric push rod (3), the electric push rod (3) is arranged on one side of the piston column (4), the upper end of the electric push rod (3) is connected with the bottom of the preparation kettle (1), a liquid outlet (6) is communicated with the side surface of the piston column (4) on one side of the cavity, the liquid outlet (6) with the input of delivery pump (30) is connected, the other end and a plurality of delivery pump (30) atomising head (35) intercommunication.
8. The device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein: concentrated mechanism still includes and receives liquid case (32), a plurality of standpipe (38), communicates a plurality ofly air duct (37) of standpipe (38), it is a plurality of standpipe (38) vertical direction ring establishes around concentrated cauldron (31), it is a plurality of go out tuber pipe (33) one end first port (39) with standpipe (38) intercommunication, in a plurality of standpipe (38), one of them one side of standpipe (38) with the output of hot air dryer (34) is connected, receive liquid case (32) set up in the bottom of concentrated cauldron (31).
9. The device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the storage mechanism further comprises a support (2), a fitting ring (14) and a fitting groove (13), the preparation kettle (1) is arranged at the upper end of the support (2), the fitting groove (13) is formed in the periphery of the top of the preparation kettle (1), the fitting ring (14) is matched with the fitting groove (13), and the fitting ring (14) is arranged on the periphery of the bottom of the sealing cover (7);
the driving mechanism further comprises a bearing (18), the bearing (18) is sleeved between the outer portion of the rotating rod (11) and the inner wall of the threaded pipe (15), and the rotating rod (11) is rotatably arranged in the threaded pipe (15) in a penetrating mode through the bearing (18).
10. A preparation method of a Chinese patent medicine is characterized by comprising the following steps: the device for extracting and processing the traditional Chinese medicine solution is used for preparing the purified liquid of the traditional Chinese medicine.
CN202011425265.8A 2020-12-09 2020-12-09 Chinese medicinal material solution extraction processing device and Chinese patent medicine preparation method Pending CN112717545A (en)

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CN114307246B (en) * 2022-03-08 2022-05-17 江西艾施特制药有限公司 Full-automatic extraction device and method for efficiently extracting medicinal components in medicinal materials

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