CN112681497B - Sponge city seepage and drainage structure - Google Patents

Sponge city seepage and drainage structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112681497B
CN112681497B CN202011509778.7A CN202011509778A CN112681497B CN 112681497 B CN112681497 B CN 112681497B CN 202011509778 A CN202011509778 A CN 202011509778A CN 112681497 B CN112681497 B CN 112681497B
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China
Prior art keywords
rod
ditch
drainage
mounting frame
plate
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CN112681497A (en
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朱勤玉
庄珣
朱涛
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Jiangsu Huaya Engineering Design And Research Institute Co ltd
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Jiangsu Huaya Engineering Design And Research Institute Co ltd
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Abstract

The invention discloses a sponge urban seepage drainage structure and a water circulation system thereof, which relate to an urban seepage drainage system and aim to solve the problem that a pipeline of a water collecting port is easy to block in the prior art, and the technical scheme is characterized by comprising a reservoir, a water collecting ditch for rainwater to flow to the reservoir and at least one drainage ditch for rainwater to flow to the water collecting ditch, wherein the water collecting ditch and the drainage ditch are both laid on the ground, and filtering components can be detachably arranged in the water collecting ditch and the drainage ditch; rainwater gets into escape canal and catch basin, and the rainwater that gets into in the escape canal gets into in the catch basin again, discharges into the cistern along the catch basin at last again, utilizes filter assembly to filter the debris in catch basin and the escape canal, when debris filter when more, dismantles filter assembly from catch basin and escape canal to take out debris, can reduce debris and block up escape canal and catch basin with this, lead to the possibility that can't to the cistern drainage, be favorable to reducing the possibility that influences the cistern retaining.

Description

Sponge city seepage and drainage structure
Technical Field
The invention relates to an urban seepage and drainage system, in particular to a sponge urban seepage and drainage structure.
Background
The sponge city is a new generation of city rainfall flood management concept, and refers to a city which can be like a sponge and has good elasticity in the aspects of adapting to environmental changes, coping with natural disasters caused by rainwater and the like, and the city can also be called as a water elasticity city.
Chinese patent No. CN206844268U discloses a microcirculation device for smart sponge city construction, which comprises: the rainwater collecting and storing module is connected with the residential area pipe network and used for collecting and filtering rainwater to obtain clean water and storing or discharging the rainwater and the clean water; the rainwater recycling module is used for pumping the cleaning water out for living utilization of the residential area; the microcontroller is used for receiving a drainage instruction through the internet, controlling the rainwater collection and storage module to drain water and controlling the rainwater recycling module to extract clean water; and the power supply module is used for supplying power to the rainwater recycling module and the microcontroller.
When the micro-circulation device in the prior art is used, rainwater is collected by the water collecting opening and is discharged into the reservoir along the pipeline of the water collecting opening; however, in practical application, when raining, rainwater and garbage on the road enter the pipeline of the water collecting opening, the pipeline of the water collecting opening is easy to block, and water storage in the water storage tank is reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a sponge urban seepage and drainage structure which has the advantages that sundries in a pipeline can be filtered, and the possibility of blockage of the pipeline is reduced.
The above object of the present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions:
the utility model provides a drainage structures is oozed in sponge city, includes the cistern, still including being used for supplying the rainwater to the catch basin that the cistern flows and being used for supplying the rainwater to at least one escape canal that the catch basin flows, catch basin and escape canal all lay on the ground, all can dismantle in catch basin and the escape canal and be equipped with the filter assembly who is used for filtering and accepts rubbish.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in the rainy day, the rainwater gets into escape canal and catchment ditch, the rainwater that gets into in the escape canal gets into in the catchment ditch again, discharge into the cistern along the catchment ditch at last again, utilize filter assembly to filter the debris in escape canal and the escape canal, when debris filter when more, dismantle filter assembly from catch canal and escape canal to take out debris, with this can reduce debris and block up escape canal and catchment ditch, lead to the unable possibility to the cistern drainage, be favorable to reducing the possibility that influences the cistern retaining.
Furthermore, cover plates are arranged on the top walls of the drainage ditches and the water collecting ditches, drainage grooves for rainwater to flow in are formed in the cover plates, installation notches are formed in the cover plates, and positioning notches communicated with the installation notches are formed in the cover plates;
the filter assembly comprises a mounting frame inserted into the positioning notch, a filter plate is arranged on one side, away from the positioning notch, of the mounting frame, and bolts in threaded connection with the mounting frame are arranged on the side wall of the cover plate.
By adopting the technical scheme, the mounting frame is inserted into the mounting notch, the mounting frame is inserted into the positioning notch, and the cover plate is connected with the mounting frame by using the bolt, so that the mounting frame can be conveniently and quickly mounted; when having more rubbish in the installing frame, dismantle the bolt, shift out the installing frame again and install the breach, can derive the rubbish in the installing frame, install the installing frame again in escape canal and catchment ditch, thereby the installing frame can filter for a long time.
Furthermore, a support frame is arranged on the inner side wall of the mounting frame, a rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the support frame, the rotating shaft is arranged along the flowing direction of water flow, a turbine is arranged at one end, close to the positioning notch, of the rotating shaft, a plurality of blades are arranged on the turbine, and a driving cone pulley is arranged at one end, far away from the turbine, of the rotating shaft;
the mounting frame is provided with a support, the support is rotatably connected with a vertical rod, the axis of the vertical rod is perpendicular to the axis of the rotating shaft, the vertical rod extends into the mounting frame and is provided with a driven bevel wheel meshed with the driving bevel wheel, one end of the vertical rod, far away from the driven bevel wheel, is provided with a driving bevel gear, the support is rotatably connected with a linkage rod, the linkage rod is provided with a driven bevel gear meshed with the driving bevel gear, and one end of the linkage rod, far away from the driven bevel gear, is provided with a connecting rope;
the garbage can is characterized in that a garbage plate is arranged on one side, close to the filter plate, of the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame, a through groove for the garbage plate to move out is formed in the top wall of the mounting frame, and the garbage plate is connected with the connecting rope.
By adopting the technical scheme, when garbage enters the mounting frame along with water flow and falls onto the garbage plate, the water flow impacts the blades of the turbine so as to drive the rotating shaft to rotate, the driving bevel wheel is meshed with the driven bevel wheel so as to drive the vertical rod to rotate, further the driving bevel wheel is driven to rotate, further the driven bevel gear and the linkage rod are driven to rotate, further the connecting rope can be wound on the linkage rod, so that the garbage plate can be moved upwards, further the garbage on the garbage plate can be moved out of the through groove, and therefore the mode that the mounting frame is detached from the drainage ditch to be moved out can be replaced, the work load of workers is reduced, and the cleaning efficiency is improved; the water energy is converted into mechanical energy, and the garbage is moved out of the drainage ditch, so that the utilization rate of energy can be improved.
Furthermore, the garbage board comprises a fixed board arranged on the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame and a bearing board connected with the connecting rope, and a plurality of connecting springs are arranged between the fixed board and the bearing board;
the vertical rod comprises a connecting rod connected with the driven bevel wheel and an installation rod connected with the driving bevel gear, a sliding hole for the installation rod to pass through is formed in the support, and a rubber pad abutting against the side wall of the installation rod is arranged on the wall of the sliding hole;
the connecting rod is provided with a slot at one end close to the mounting rod, the mounting rod is provided with an inserting rod inserted into the slot at one end close to the connecting rod, the wall of the slot is provided with a groove, an abutting spring is arranged in the groove, an inserting block is arranged at one end of the abutting spring far away from the groove, the side wall of the inserting rod is provided with a ring groove for the inserting block to insert, and a baffle plate abutting against the inserting block is arranged in the ring groove;
the support is provided with a sliding hole for the linkage rod to slide up and down, and the hole wall of the sliding hole is provided with a rubber ring.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, constantly bring more rubbish when rivers, block through the filter, fall on accepting the board, weight when rubbish will accept the board and push down, thereby it moves down to drive trace and installation pole, in the inserted bar inserts the slot, the extrusion inserted block, the inserted block meets in the annular, in the insert annular, because rivers impact turbine blade this moment, turbine blade drives dwang and connecting rod and rotates, thereby it rotates to drive the inserted block, meet the baffle when the picture peg, can drive the installation pole and rotate, thereby can drive the trace and rotate, and then will connect the rope and roll up, can shift out the mounting frame with the fixed plate and accept the board, accept the board and can accept more rubbish with this, reduce the clearance rubbish number of times, increase the convenience of clearance.
Furthermore, two opposite sides of the insertion block are provided with guide inclined planes for the ring grooves to slide in and out.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize the direction inclined plane, conveniently insert and shift out the annular with the inserted block to this can be with installation pole and connecting rod installation and break away from, thereby can be many times will accept the board and shift out the installing frame, be favorable to long-term effectual clearance rubbish.
Furthermore, the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame is provided with a mounting groove for inserting the fixing plate and the bearing plate.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, utilize the fixed plate and accept the board and install in the mounting groove, be favorable to reducing the fixed plate and accept the board and occupy the accommodation space of installing frame, make things convenient for rivers to flow.
Further, all be equipped with a plurality of infiltration piece, a plurality of on the relative both sides wall of escape canal and catchment ditch infiltration piece sets up along the flow direction of rivers, the infiltration piece deviates from both sides mutually and has all laid fine gravel layer, coarse gravel layer has been laid to fine gravel layer's top, a plurality of infiltration brick has been laid to one side that fine gravel layer was kept away from to coarse gravel layer.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, in the rainy day, on the rainwater falls on the infiltration brick, the infiltration gets into in the water entering soil on coarse sand stone layer and the fine sand stone layer, also can get into the escape canal from the infiltration piece, utilizes infiltration brick, coarse sand stone layer and fine sand stone layer to filter water, is favorable to reducing the rubbish that gets into the escape canal.
Furthermore, a drain pipe is arranged in the water storage tank, a drain pump is arranged at one end, far away from the water storage tank, of the drain pipe, and a circulating water pipe is arranged at a water outlet of the drain pump.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, when needs use water, utilize the drain pump with the water in the cistern along drain pipe and circulating pipe output to this water that can use in the cistern improves water utilization ratio.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. the water flows into the drainage ditch and the water collecting ditch, the water in the drainage ditch enters the water collecting ditch and finally enters the reservoir along the water collecting ditch, the garbage is filtered by the filtering component and is received, and then the filtering component is disassembled to clean the garbage, so that the possibility of blocking the water collecting ditch and the drainage ditch can be reduced, and the possibility of influencing the water storage of the reservoir is reduced;
2. the turbine blades are impacted by water, so that the rotating shaft, the vertical rod and the linkage rod are sequentially driven to rotate, the connecting rope can be wound, the garbage plate is moved out of the mounting frame, and garbage is conveniently cleaned;
3. utilize rubbish to push down and accept the board, thereby can move trace and installation pole down, thereby can insert the slot with the inserted bar, and insert the insert in the annular, can be with connecting rod and installation pole be even as an organic whole, utilize rivers impact turbine blade, thereby can drive the axis of rotation, connecting rod and installation pole rotate, thereby can shift out the installing frame with accepting board and fixed plate, conveniently accept the board and accept more rubbish, reduce the number of times of clearing up rubbish, alleviate workman's clearance burden.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of an embodiment
FIG. 2 is a schematic view showing a partial structure in the direction of A-A in FIG. 1
Fig. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion a in fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a sectional view showing the mounting rod and the connecting rod of fig. 1.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged view of the portion B in fig. 2.
In the figure: 1. a reservoir; 10. a drain pipe; 11. draining pump; 12. a circulating water pipe; 2. a water collecting ditch; 3. a drainage ditch; 30. a cover plate; 31. a water discharge tank; 32. installing a notch; 33. positioning the notch; 34. a bolt; 35. a water seepage block; 36. a fine gravel layer; 37. a coarse gravel layer; 38. water seepage bricks; 4. a filter assembly; 40. installing a frame; 41. a filter plate; 42. a support frame; 43. a rotating shaft; 44. a turbine; 45. a blade; 46. a driving cone pulley; 48. a support; 49. erecting a rod; 400. a driven cone pulley; 401. a drive bevel gear; 402. a linkage rod; 403. a driven bevel gear; 404. connecting ropes; 405. a trash plate; 406. a through groove; 407. a fixing plate; 408. a bearing plate; 409. a connecting spring; 410. a connecting rod; 411. mounting a rod; 412. a slot; 413. inserting a rod; 414. a groove; 415. against the spring; 416. inserting a block; 417. a ring groove; 418. a baffle plate; 419. a support plate; 420. a guide slope; 421. mounting grooves; 422. a sliding hole; 423. a rubber pad; 424. a slide hole; 425. a rubber ring.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Example (b):
referring to fig. 1, a sponge city seepage drainage structure comprises a reservoir 1, a water collecting ditch 2 communicated with the reservoir 1 and used for rainwater to flow to the reservoir 1, and at least one drainage ditch 3 communicated with the water collecting ditch 2 and used for rainwater to flow to the water collecting ditch 2, wherein the number of the drainage ditches is preferably two, the cross section area of the drainage ditch 3 is gradually increased from the bottom to the top of the drainage ditch, and a filtering assembly 4 used for filtering and receiving garbage is detachably arranged in each of the water collecting ditch 2 and the drainage ditch 3.
Referring to fig. 1, a reservoir 1, a water collecting ditch 2 and a drainage ditch 3 are all arranged on the ground, a cover plate 30 is arranged on the top wall of the drainage ditch 3 and the water collecting ditch 2, a drainage groove 31 for rainwater to flow into is formed in the cover plate 30, a plurality of water seepage blocks 35 are arranged on two opposite side walls of the drainage ditch 3 and the water collecting ditch 2 and below the cover plate 30, the water seepage blocks 35 are arranged along the flow direction of water flow, fine gravel layers 36 are respectively paved on two opposite sides of each water seepage block 35, the fine gravel layers 36 are paved on the ground, a coarse gravel layer 37 is paved above the fine gravel layers 36, and a plurality of water seepage bricks 38 are paved on one side, away from the fine gravel layers 36, of the coarse gravel layer 37; in rainy day, rainwater gets into escape canal 3 and catchment ditch 2 from water drainage tank 31, can carry out prefilter to rubbish through apron 30, reduces rubbish and blocks up escape canal 3 and catchment ditch 2's possibility.
Referring to fig. 1, in rainy days, rainwater enters a coarse gravel layer 37 and a fine gravel layer 36 along water permeable bricks 38, on one hand, can permeate into the land, on the other hand, can enter a drainage ditch 3 and a water collecting ditch 2 along water permeable blocks 35, and finally enters a reservoir 1 for storing water, so that the water storage capacity of the reservoir 1 can be increased; the water seepage bricks 38, the coarse gravel layer 37 and the fine gravel layer 36 are used for filtering, so that the possibility that garbage enters the drainage ditch 3 and the collection ditch 2 is reduced.
Referring to fig. 1, a drain pipe 10 is arranged in a reservoir 1, a drain pump 11 is arranged at one end of the drain pipe 10 far away from the reservoir 1, and a circulating water pipe 12 is arranged at a water outlet of the drain pump 11; in rainy days, rainwater flows into the drainage ditch 3 and the water collecting ditch 2, water in the drainage ditch 3 is collected into the water collecting ditch 2 again, is filtered by the filter assembly 4 and finally enters the water storage pool 1, and when the water needs to be used, the water in the water storage pool 1 is output along the drainage pipe 10 and the circulating water pipe 12 by the drainage pump 11, so that the water can be reused, and the water source utilization rate is improved.
Referring to fig. 1 and 2, the cover plate 30 is provided with a mounting notch 32, the mounting notch 32 of the drainage ditch 3 is preferably positioned near one side of the water collection ditch 2, the mounting notch 32 of the water collection ditch 2 is preferably positioned near one side of the water reservoir 1, and the cover plate 30 is provided with a positioning notch 33 communicated with the mounting notch 32.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the filter assembly 4 includes a mounting frame 40 inserted into the positioning notch 33, a filter plate 41 is disposed on a side of the mounting frame 40 close to the water collecting channel 2, and a bolt 34 threadedly coupled with the mounting frame 40 is disposed on a side wall of the cover plate 30; the mounting frame 40 is inserted into the water collecting channel 2 from the mounting notch 32, the movable mounting frame 40 is inserted into the positioning notch 33, the bolt 34 penetrates the cover plate 30 and is in threaded connection with the mounting frame 40, therefore, the mounting frame 40 can be conveniently and quickly mounted in the drainage ditch 3 and the water collecting ditch 2, the water entering the drainage ditch 3 and the water entering the reservoir 1 from the water collecting ditch 2 are filtered by the filter plate 41, the possibility that garbage enters the water collecting ditch 2 and blocks the water collecting ditch 2 is reduced, when the amount of garbage in the mounting frame 40 is large, the bolts 34 are disassembled, the mounting frame 40 is moved out of the drainage ditch 3, the garbage is poured out, the mounting frame 40 is mounted in the drainage ditch 3, the possibility of blocking the drainage ditch 3 is reduced, therefore, the possibility that sundries block the drainage ditch 3 and the water collecting ditch 2 to cause incapability of draining water to the water storage tank 1 can be reduced, and the possibility of influencing water storage of the water storage tank 1 is favorably reduced.
Referring to fig. 2, a cross-shaped support frame 42 is arranged on the inner side wall of the mounting frame 40, a rotating shaft 43 is rotatably connected to the support frame 42 along the flowing direction of water flow, a turbine 44 is arranged at one end of the rotating shaft 43 close to the positioning notch 33, a plurality of blades 45 are uniformly distributed on the side wall of the turbine 44 along the circumferential direction of the turbine, and a driving cone pulley 46 is arranged at one end of the rotating shaft 43 far away from the turbine 44.
Referring to fig. 2, a bracket 48 is provided on the mounting frame 40, a vertical rod 49 is rotatably connected to the bracket 48, and the axis of the vertical rod 49 is perpendicular to the axis of the rotating shaft 43.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, the upright 49 includes a connecting rod 410 and a mounting rod 411, a sliding hole 422 for the mounting rod 411 to pass through is formed in the bracket 48, and a rubber pad 423 abutting against a side wall of the mounting rod 411 is formed on a hole wall of the sliding hole 422.
Referring to fig. 2, one end of the connecting rod 410, which is far away from the mounting rod 411, extends into the mounting frame 40, one end of the connecting rod 410, which extends into the mounting frame 40, is provided with a driven bevel wheel 400 engaged with the driving bevel wheel 46, and one end of the mounting rod 411, which is far away from the connecting rod 410, is provided with a driving bevel gear 401.
Referring to fig. 3 and 4, a slot 412 is arranged at one end of the connecting rod 410 close to the mounting rod 411, an insert rod 413 inserted into the slot 412 is arranged at one end of the mounting rod 411 close to the connecting rod 410, the insert rod 413 is a round rod, a groove 414 is arranged on a groove wall of the slot 412, an abutting spring 415 is arranged in the groove 414, an insert block 416 is arranged at one end of the abutting spring 415 far away from the groove 414, a ring groove 417 for inserting the insert block 416 is arranged on a side wall of the insert rod 413, a baffle 418 abutting against the insert block 416 is arranged in the ring groove 417, and guide inclined planes 420 for sliding in and out of the ring groove 417 are arranged at two opposite sides of the insert block 416; the insertion rod 413 is easily inserted into or removed from the insertion groove 412.
Referring to fig. 2, a linkage rod 402 is rotatably connected to the support 48, a support plate 419 is arranged on the support 48, a sliding hole 424 for the linkage rod 402 to slide up and down is arranged on the support plate 419, a rubber ring 425 abutting against the linkage rod 402 is arranged on the hole wall of the sliding hole 424, the axis of the linkage rod 402 is parallel to the axis of the rotating shaft 43, a driven bevel gear 403 meshed with the drive bevel gear 401 is arranged on the side wall of the linkage rod 402, and a connecting rope 404 is arranged at one end of the linkage rod 402 far away from the driven bevel gear 403.
Referring to fig. 5, a dust plate 405 is disposed on a side of the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame 40 close to the filter plate 41, a through groove 406 (refer to fig. 2) for removing the dust plate 405 is disposed on the top wall of the mounting frame 40, and the dust plate 405 is connected to the connecting rope 404.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame 40 is provided with a mounting groove 421, the garbage plate 405 includes a fixing plate 407 disposed in the mounting groove 421 and a receiving plate 408 connected to the connecting rope 404, a plurality of connecting springs 409 are disposed between the fixing plate 407 and the receiving plate 408, and the fixing plate 407 and the receiving plate 408 are mounted in the mounting groove 421, so that the occupied inner space of the mounting frame 40 can be reduced, and the resistance of water flow can be reduced; in rainy days, rainwater enters the drainage ditch 3 and the collection ditch 2, impacts the blades 45 of the turbine 44, drives the turbine 44, the rotating shaft 43 and the driving cone pulley 46 to rotate, and then drives the driven cone pulley 400 and the connecting rod 410 to rotate.
Referring to fig. 2 and 5, when the garbage enters the mounting frame 40, the filter plate 41 filters the garbage, the garbage falls on the receiving plate 408, when the amount of the garbage on the receiving plate 408 is large, the abutting spring 415 is pressed and bent, at this time, the connecting rope 404 pulls the receiving plate 408 to move downward, the linkage rod 402 overcomes the friction force of the rubber ring 425, and the mounting rod 411 overcomes the friction force of the rubber pad 423 (refer to fig. 3), so as to drive the linkage rod 402 and the mounting rod 411 to move downward.
Referring to fig. 2 and 3, when the inserting rod 413 of the mounting rod 411 is inserted into the inserting slot 412, the inserting block 416 is pressed, when the inserting block 416 meets the ring slot 417 and is inserted into the ring slot 417, the connecting rod 410 rotates, and the baffle 418 abuts against the inserting block 416, so that the mounting rod 411 can be driven to rotate, and further the driving bevel gear 401, the driven bevel gear 403 and the linkage rod 402 can be driven to rotate, so that the connecting rope 404 can be rolled up, and further the bearing plate 408 and the fixing plate 407 can be moved out of the through slot 406, thereby replacing the working mode that a worker manually moves the mounting frame 40 out of the drainage ditch 3 or the water collection ditch 2, reducing the work burden of the worker, and improving the work efficiency.
Referring to fig. 5, the receiving plate 408 is used to receive more garbage and drive the mounting rod 411 to move down, so that a time delay mechanism can be formed, more garbage can be cleaned at one time, the cleaning efficiency is improved, and the cleaning burden of workers is reduced.
Referring to fig. 2, the turbine 44 is driven by water flow to rotate, so that water energy is converted into mechanical energy, and garbage is moved out of the drainage ditch 3 and the collection ditch 2, thereby improving the utilization rate of energy.
The implementation principle of the above embodiment is as follows: utilize catch basin 2 and escape canal 3, rivers flow into escape canal 3 and catch basin 2, the water in the escape canal 3 is remitted into catch basin 2 again, all get into cistern 1 along catch basin 2 at last, filter rubbish through filter assembly 4, rubbish falls in installing frame 40, dismantle filter assembly 4 again, clear up rubbish, with this can reduce catch basin 2 and 3 possibility of taking place to block up in the escape canal, reduce the possibility that influences the retaining of cistern 1.
The present embodiment is only for explaining the present invention, and it is not limited to the present invention, and those skilled in the art can make modifications of the present embodiment without inventive contribution as needed after reading the present specification, but all of them are protected by patent law within the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a drainage structures is oozed in sponge city, includes cistern (1), its characterized in that: the garbage collecting and storing device further comprises a water collecting ditch (2) for rainwater to flow to the water storage pool (1) and at least one drainage ditch (3) for rainwater to flow to the water collecting ditch (2), wherein the water collecting ditch (2) and the drainage ditch (3) are both paved on the ground, and filtering assemblies (4) for filtering and receiving garbage are detachably arranged in the water collecting ditch (2) and the drainage ditch (3);
cover plates (30) are arranged on the top walls of the drainage ditches (3) and the water collecting ditches (2), drainage grooves (31) for rainwater to flow in are formed in the cover plates (30), installation notches (32) are formed in the cover plates (30), and positioning notches (33) communicated with the installation notches (32) are formed in the cover plates (30);
the filter assembly (4) comprises a mounting frame (40) inserted into the positioning notch (33), a filter plate (41) is arranged on one side, away from the positioning notch (33), of the mounting frame (40), and a bolt (34) in threaded connection with the mounting frame (40) is arranged on the side wall of the cover plate (30);
a support frame (42) is arranged on the inner side wall of the mounting frame (40), a rotating shaft (43) is rotatably connected to the support frame (42), the rotating shaft (43) is arranged along the flowing direction of water flow, a turbine (44) is arranged at one end, close to the positioning notch (33), of the rotating shaft (43), a plurality of blades (45) are arranged on the turbine (44), and a driving cone pulley (46) is arranged at one end, far away from the turbine (44), of the rotating shaft (43);
a support (48) is arranged on the mounting frame (40), an upright rod (49) is rotatably connected to the support (48), the axis of the upright rod (49) is perpendicular to the axis of the rotating shaft (43), the upright rod (49) extends into the mounting frame (40) and is provided with a driven bevel wheel (400) meshed with the driving bevel wheel (46), a driving bevel gear (401) is arranged at one end, away from the driven bevel wheel (400), of the upright rod (49), a linkage rod (402) is rotatably connected to the support (48), a driven bevel gear (403) meshed with the driving bevel gear (401) is arranged on the linkage rod (402), and a connecting rope (404) is arranged at one end, away from the driven bevel gear (403), of the linkage rod (402);
a garbage plate (405) is arranged on one side, close to the filter plate (41), of the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame (40), a through groove (406) for the garbage plate (405) to move out is formed in the top wall of the mounting frame (40), and the garbage plate (405) is connected with the connecting rope (404);
the garbage plate (405) comprises a fixing plate (407) arranged on the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame (40) and a bearing plate (408) connected with the connecting rope (404), and a plurality of connecting springs (409) are arranged between the fixing plate (407) and the bearing plate (408);
the vertical rod (49) comprises a connecting rod (410) connected with the driven bevel wheel (400) and a mounting rod (411) connected with the driving bevel gear (401), a sliding hole (422) for the mounting rod (411) to pass through is formed in the support (48), and a rubber pad (423) abutting against the side wall of the mounting rod (411) is arranged on the hole wall of the sliding hole (422);
a slot (412) is formed in one end, close to the mounting rod (411), of the connecting rod (410), an inserting rod (413) inserted into the slot (412) is arranged at one end, close to the connecting rod (410), of the mounting rod (411), a groove (414) is formed in the groove wall of the slot (412), a collision spring (415) is arranged in the groove (414), an inserting block (416) is arranged at one end, far away from the groove (414), of the collision spring (415), a ring groove (417) for the inserting block (416) to insert is formed in the side wall of the inserting rod (413), and a baffle (418) colliding with the inserting block (416) is arranged in the ring groove (417);
a sliding hole (424) for the linkage rod (402) to slide up and down is formed in the support (48), and a rubber ring (425) is arranged on the wall of the sliding hole (424);
the two opposite sides of the insert block (416) are provided with guide inclined planes (420) for the ring groove (417) to slide in and out.
2. The urban sponge seepage and drainage structure of claim 1, wherein: the inner bottom wall of the mounting frame (40) is provided with a mounting groove (421) for inserting the fixing plate (407) and the bearing plate (408).
3. The urban sponge seepage and drainage structure of claim 1, wherein: all be equipped with a plurality of infiltration piece (35), a plurality of on the relative both sides wall of escape canal (3) and catchment ditch (2) infiltration piece (35) along the direction of flow setting of rivers, infiltration piece (35) are all laid fine gravel layer (36) from both sides back to back, coarse gravel layer (37) have been laid to the top on fine gravel layer (36), a plurality of infiltration brick (38) have been laid to one side that fine gravel layer (36) were kept away from in coarse gravel layer (37).
4. The urban sponge seepage and drainage structure of claim 1, wherein: be equipped with drain pipe (10) in cistern (1), the one end that cistern (1) was kept away from in drain pipe (10) is equipped with drain pump (11), the delivery port of drain pump (11) is equipped with circulating pipe (12).
CN202011509778.7A 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 Sponge city seepage and drainage structure Active CN112681497B (en)

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CN202011509778.7A CN112681497B (en) 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 Sponge city seepage and drainage structure

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011509778.7A CN112681497B (en) 2020-12-18 2020-12-18 Sponge city seepage and drainage structure

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CN112681497B true CN112681497B (en) 2022-02-18

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CN113323122B (en) * 2021-08-03 2021-10-26 昆山市建设工程质量检测中心 Self-purification reservoir for sponge city

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CN208857627U (en) * 2018-06-22 2019-05-14 万源生态股份有限公司 Sponge urban road structure
CN109778997A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-05-21 四汇建设集团有限公司 A kind of sponge Municipal rain processing system
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US4042506A (en) * 1975-04-24 1977-08-16 Jones & Attwood Limited Apparatus for removing solid material from sewage or other liquid
KR20150021265A (en) * 2013-08-20 2015-03-02 주식회사신화기공 Rotary type dust removing machine
CN206308778U (en) * 2016-12-10 2017-07-07 深圳市中田园艺有限公司 It is used for retaining drainage system in both sides of the road in sponge urban construction
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