CN112657976A - Automatic scrubbing equipment of test tube of high-efficient environmental protection that chemical engineering used - Google Patents

Automatic scrubbing equipment of test tube of high-efficient environmental protection that chemical engineering used Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112657976A
CN112657976A CN202011387810.9A CN202011387810A CN112657976A CN 112657976 A CN112657976 A CN 112657976A CN 202011387810 A CN202011387810 A CN 202011387810A CN 112657976 A CN112657976 A CN 112657976A
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China
Prior art keywords
test tube
cleaning
placing
plate
decontamination
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Granted
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CN202011387810.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112657976B (en
Inventor
陈奇
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Hebei Chemical and Pharmaceutical College
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Hebei Chemical and Pharmaceutical College
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Priority to CN202011387810.9A priority Critical patent/CN112657976B/en
Publication of CN112657976A publication Critical patent/CN112657976A/en
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Publication of CN112657976B publication Critical patent/CN112657976B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a high-efficiency environment-friendly automatic test tube decontamination device for chemical engineering, which comprises: the equipment box body comprises a lower box and an upper box which are fixedly connected from bottom to top in sequence, wherein the lower box is of a cylindrical structure with an opening at the top, and the upper box is of a semi-cylindrical structure with an opening at the bottom; the test tube placing component is arranged on the porous disc; the sealing rotating plate is welded in the middle of the top of the porous plate and matched with the upper box, and a sealed decontamination cleaning cavity and an open placing area are formed on two sides of the sealing rotating plate respectively; the decontamination cleaning cavity is positioned in the upper box, and the placing area is positioned outside the upper box; each multi-hole plate is provided with two test tube placing assemblies, and the two test tube placing assemblies are respectively positioned in the decontamination cleaning cavity and the placing area; the decontamination cleaning assembly is arranged at a position corresponding to the decontamination cleaning cavity; therefore, the test tube cleaning can be efficiently and safely completed.

Description

Automatic scrubbing equipment of test tube of high-efficient environmental protection that chemical engineering used
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of test tube cleaning, and particularly relates to efficient and environment-friendly automatic test tube decontamination equipment for chemical engineering.
Background
Can use various test tubes in chemical engineering, the test tube that has loaded chemical reagent need wash after its use finishes to avoid chemical reagent to remain in the test tube, current carry out manual washing through the manual work to test tube cleaning's mode, manual cleaning not only is inefficient, and intensity of labour is big moreover, and skin is direct and the chemical reagent contact simultaneously, threatens the safety of skin, is unfavorable for staff's healthy.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, in order to solve the drawbacks in the background art, the present invention provides an efficient and environment-friendly automatic decontamination apparatus for test tubes for chemical engineering.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an automatic decontamination equipment of test tube of high-efficient environmental protection that chemical engineering used, includes:
the equipment box body comprises a lower box and an upper box which are fixedly connected from bottom to top in sequence, wherein the lower box is of a cylindrical structure with an opening at the top, and the upper box is of a semi-cylindrical structure with an opening at the bottom;
the test tube placing component is arranged on the porous disc;
the sealing rotating plate is welded in the middle of the top of the porous plate and matched with the upper box, and a sealed decontamination cleaning cavity and an open placing area are formed on two sides of the sealing rotating plate respectively; the decontamination cleaning cavity is positioned in the upper box, and the placing area is positioned outside the upper box; two test tube placing assemblies are mounted on each porous plate and are respectively positioned in the decontamination cleaning cavity and the placing area;
the driving motor is arranged at the top of the upper box and drives the sealing rotating plate and the porous plate to intermittently rotate for 180 degrees through a rotating shaft;
the scrubbing washs the subassembly, installs in the position department corresponding with the scrubbing washing chamber to accomplish at sealed commentaries on classics board and porous dish and rotate the back, place the subassembly with the test tube that is located the scrubbing washing intracavity and cooperate, carry out the scrubbing washing that corresponds the test tube.
Preferably, the lower box is welded with a support base, and the support base is rotatably fitted below the porous plate and used for supporting the porous plate.
Preferably, the test tube placing assembly comprises a placing cylinder, a movable ring and a fixed ring, the movable ring and the fixed ring are arranged in the placing cylinder, the fixed ring is positioned below the movable ring, a clamping device for clamping the test tube is arranged on the movable ring, and an elastic resetting device is connected between the movable ring and the fixed ring; the multi-hole plate is provided with a through hole, the through hole has the same inner diameter as the placing cylinder, and the through hole realizes the conduction of the placing cylinder and the lower box.
Preferably, the dirt removing and cleaning assembly comprises:
the cleaning solution nozzle is used for spraying cleaning solution to the outside of the test tube, and the electric push rod is used for pushing the movable ring to move downwards;
the cleaning rod is arranged in the lower box, and flexible cleaning bristles are arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning rod and the inner wall of the fixing ring; the washing pole is cavity pole, and washs the pole top and be equipped with at least one hydrojet mouth for spray the washing liquid to test tube inside.
Preferably, the lower incasement welding has the swash plate, and the upper and lower both sides of swash plate form blowdown chamber and stock solution chamber respectively, the bottom in blowdown chamber is equipped with the blow off pipe, stock solution intracavity is equipped with the liquid pump, and all is connected with the catheter between liquid pump and washing pole and the washing liquid shower nozzle.
Preferably, the clamping device comprises two limiting plates symmetrically welded at the top of the movable ring, movable guide rods penetrate through the two limiting plates, sliding sleeves are arranged on the two movable guide rods, and springs are welded between each sliding sleeve and the corresponding limiting plate; the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod is rotatably connected between each clamping block and each sliding sleeve.
Preferably, one end of the movable guide rod penetrates through the sliding sleeve, and rubber cushions are arranged on the end part of the movable guide rod and the side wall of the clamping block.
Preferably, one side of the limiting plate, which is far away from the sliding sleeve, is welded with a threaded sleeve, and the threaded sleeve is connected with the guide rod in a screwing manner.
Preferably, the clamping device comprises two limiting seats symmetrically welded at the top of the movable ring, and two limiting plates slidably arranged at the top of the movable ring, the limiting plates are positioned at one sides of the limiting seats, two limiting slide rods penetrate through the two limiting seats, one ends of the two limiting slide rods are respectively welded on the two limiting plates, movable guide rods penetrating through the limiting plates are screwed on the limiting seats, sliding sleeves are sleeved on the movable guide rods, springs are welded between each sliding sleeve and the corresponding limiting plate, one sides of the limiting plates, far away from the sliding sleeves, are rotatably connected with threaded sleeves, and the threaded sleeves are rotatably connected with the movable guide rods; the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod is rotatably connected between each clamping block and each sliding sleeve.
Preferably, the automatic decontamination equipment further comprises a feeding base, wherein at least one equipment box body is arranged on the feeding base, and the cleaning liquid is supplied to a lower box of the equipment box body.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
(1) according to the test tube cleaning device, the sealed decontamination cleaning cavity and the open placing area which can be switched in a rotating mode are arranged, and the test tube placing assemblies are arranged in the decontamination cleaning cavity and the placing area, so that test tube feeding and discharging can be automatically completed in a rotating switching mode, and the test tube placing assemblies and the decontamination cleaning assemblies are matched in the decontamination cleaning cavity to perform efficient cleaning on the test tubes; in conclusion, the whole equipment has the advantages of convenient operation, low labor intensity, high automation degree, good cleaning effect and safe use.
(2) Aiming at the test tube placing assembly, the test tube placing assembly mainly comprises a movable ring capable of clamping a test tube and a fixed ring positioned below the movable ring, and an elastic resetting device is connected between the movable ring and the fixed ring; to above-mentioned scrubbing cleaning assembly, mainly include electric push rod, washing liquid shower nozzle and washing pole, wherein electric push rod realizes moving down of loose ring and test tube, and at the in-process that moves down, the cooperation of the flexible brush hair that washs on washing liquid shower nozzle and the solid fixed ring realizes the washing to the test tube outer wall, washs the pole and then realizes the washing to the test tube inner wall, effectively guarantees the cleaning performance of test tube from this to based on elastic reset device's drive after wasing the completion, can realize the reseing of each structure automatically. Simple structure, convenient driving, good cleaning effect and effective saving of cleaning fluid.
(3) Aiming at the movable ring, a clamping device is arranged on the movable ring, and the clamping device mainly comprises two sliding sleeves, two clamping blocks and a connecting rod which is rotatably connected between the sliding sleeves and the clamping blocks, so that a deformable quadrilateral fixing hole is formed in the middle of the whole assembly, and the whole assembly can be effectively matched with test tubes with different sizes based on the deformation of the fixing hole; in addition, connect spring and the limiting plate that can be spacing on two sliding sleeves, inject the position of two sliding sleeves from this to make the fixed orifices can warp automatically in order to press from both sides tight test tube, and then effectively guarantee the stability when the test tube is placed.
(4) To above-mentioned clamping device, the correspondence is equipped with the movable guide that runs through limiting plate and sliding sleeve, and movable guide is the threaded rod, utilizes the limiting plate to close the location with revolving of movable guide from this, can effectively adjust the position of movable guide, and then usable two movable guide realize that the supplementary of test tube is tight, stability when further the test tube is placed from this.
(5) To above-mentioned clamping device, all set up rubber buffer pad in the tip of activity guide arm and the one side of pressing from both sides tight piece, realize pressing from both sides tight buffering from this to guarantee that whole clamping device can not cause wearing and tearing to the test tube outer wall when carrying out the clamp of test tube.
(6) The clamping device is provided with a limiting seat which can penetrate through the movable guide rod correspondingly, the limiting plate is installed in a sliding mode, the position of the movable guide rod is adjusted through the limiting seat, the position of the limiting plate is adjusted through sliding, and the limiting plate is positioned after sliding based on the movable guide rod; to sum up, can effectively change the produced spring deformation degree of integrated device when pressing from both sides tight not unidimensional test tube, and then can effectively adjust the clamp force that integrated device formed to effectively be applicable to the tight demand of clamp of not unidimensional test tube, and avoid causing the damage of test tube.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is an external view of a first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an external view of a second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of an apparatus case and its internal components according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a top view of the multi-well plate and tube placement assembly of the present invention in cooperation;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a first configuration of the clamping device of the tube placement assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a second configuration of the clamping device of the tube placement assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a third configuration of the clamping device of the tube placement assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of a retaining ring according to the present invention.
In the figure: an equipment box body-1; a lower box-11; an upper box-12; a support base-13; a cleaning rod-14; an inclined plate-15; a blow-off pipe-16; liquid pump-17; a catheter-18; a porous plate-2; a through-hole-21; test tube placement assembly-3; placing the barrel-31; a movable ring-32; a limiting seat-321; a limiting slide bar-322; a fixed ring-33; -elastic return means-34; a limiting plate-35; a movable guide rod-36; a sliding sleeve-37; spring-371; a connecting rod-372; a clamping block-38; rubber cushion 381; a threaded sleeve-39; a sealing rotating plate-4; a decontamination cleaning cavity-5; a cleaning liquid spray head-51; an electric push rod-52; a placement area-6; a drive motor-7; a feeding base-8.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Example one
In the embodiment, an efficient and environment-friendly automatic test tube decontamination device for chemical engineering is disclosed, which is specifically shown in fig. 1, 3 and 4, and comprises the following structure:
the equipment box body 1, wherein the equipment box body 1 comprises a lower box 11 and an upper box 12 which are fixedly connected from bottom to top in sequence, the lower box 11 is of a cylindrical structure with an opening at the top, and the upper box 12 is of a semi-cylindrical structure with an opening at the bottom;
the multi-hole plate 2 is matched with the opening at the top of the lower box 11 in a rotating way, and the test tube placing component 3 is arranged on the multi-hole plate 2;
a sealing rotating plate 4 welded in the middle of the top of the porous plate 2, wherein the sealing rotating plate 4 is matched with the upper box 12, and a sealed decontamination cleaning cavity 5 and an open placing area 6 are respectively formed at two sides of the sealing rotating plate 4; the decontamination cleaning cavity 5 is positioned in the upper box 12, and the placing area 6 is positioned outside the upper box 12; two test tube placing assemblies 3 are respectively arranged on each porous plate 2, and the two test tube placing assemblies 3 are respectively positioned in the decontamination cleaning cavity 5 and the placing area 6;
the driving motor 7 is arranged at the top of the upper box 12, and the driving motor 7 drives the sealing rotating plate 4 and the porous plate 2 to intermittently rotate for 180 degrees through a rotating shaft;
the scrubbing washs the subassembly, installs in the position department corresponding with scrubbing washing chamber 5 to accomplish at sealed commentaries on classics board 4 and porous dish 2 and rotate the back, place subassembly 3 with the test tube that is located scrubbing washing chamber 5 and cooperate, carry out the scrubbing washing that corresponds the test tube.
By last, whole automatic scrubbing equipment is when carrying out test tube scrubbing and wasing, and its principle is:
1) placing the test tube to be cleaned: in the placing area 6, the test tube to be cleaned is placed in the test tube placing component 3 in an inverted mode so as to place and fix the test tube to be cleaned;
2) starting a driving motor 7 to drive the sealing rotating plate 4 and the porous disc 2 to rotate 180 degrees, so that the test tube to be cleaned placed in the step 1) is transferred into the decontamination cleaning cavity 5;
3) and (3) cleaning the test tube: in scrubbing washing chamber 5, start the scrubbing washing subassembly that corresponds to place subassembly 3 cooperations with the test tube, carry out the scrubbing washing of waiting to wash the test tube that places in above-mentioned 1).
Above-mentioned, because porous dish 2 is porous structure for when waiting to wash the test tube and waiting to invert to place and the scrubbing is washd, its sewage all can fall to in the lower box 11, in order to guarantee the clean of test tube.
Above-mentioned, go up case 12 and set up to bottom open-ended semicircle tubular structure, its purpose then is to guarantee to place district 6 and open completely to wait to wash placing of test tube.
In addition, based on above-mentioned structure for the taking off/placing of test tube can go on with the scrubbing washing simultaneously, thereby effectively improve the cleaning efficiency of whole equipment.
In this embodiment, it is preferable that a support base 13 is welded inside the lower case 11, and the support base 13 is rotatably fitted under the porous plate 2 and serves to support the porous plate 2. Therefore, the stability of the porous plate 2 and the sealing rotary plate 4 is effectively improved.
In the present embodiment, as can be seen from fig. 3, the test tube placing assembly 3 includes a placing cylinder 31, and a movable ring 32 and a fixed ring 33 which are disposed in the placing cylinder 31, wherein the fixed ring 33 is located below the movable ring 32, a clamping device for clamping the test tube is disposed on the movable ring 32, and an elastic resetting device 34 is connected between the movable ring 32 and the fixed ring 33; in addition, the corresponding porous plate 2 is provided with a through hole 21, the inner diameter of the through hole 21 is the same as that of the placing cylinder 31, and the through hole 21 realizes the conduction between the placing cylinder 31 and the lower box 11. The elastic return means 34 may be an elastic member such as a spring, and thereby return based on the deformation elastic force; it is also possible to provide two repulsive magnetic plates, whereby the reset is performed based on the repulsive force of the magnetic plates, and the two magnetic plates are fixed to the movable ring 32 and the fixed ring 33, respectively.
In this embodiment, as can be seen from fig. 3 and 9, the above-mentioned dirt removing and cleaning assembly includes:
a cleaning liquid spray head 51 and an electric push rod 52 which are arranged at the top of the decontamination cleaning cavity 5, wherein the cleaning liquid spray head 51 is used for spraying cleaning liquid to the outside of the test tube, and the electric push rod 52 is used for pushing the movable ring 32 to move downwards;
the cleaning rod 14 is arranged in the lower box 11, and flexible cleaning bristles are arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning rod 14 and the inner wall of the fixing ring 33; wash pole 14 and be the cavity pole, and wash 14 tops of pole and be equipped with at least one hydrojet mouth for to the inside injection washing liquid of test tube.
As can be seen from the above, in this embodiment, the way of implementing the tube decontamination cleaning is:
1) placing the test tube to be cleaned: in the placing area 6, the test tube to be cleaned is placed in the placing cylinder 31 in an inverted manner, so that the test tube to be cleaned passes through at least the fixing ring 33 and is clamped and fixed by the clamping device;
2) and (3) cleaning the test tube: in the decontamination cleaning chamber 5, the electric push rod 52 is actuated to push the movable ring 32 to move downwards, and at the same time, cleaning liquid is introduced into the cleaning liquid spray head 51 and the cleaning rod 14 to wash the inner/outer walls of the test tube; along with the downward movement of the movable ring 32, the elastic resetting device 34 generates a force storage effect and drives the test tube to move downward synchronously, so that the test tube passes through the fixed ring 33, and the outer wall of the test tube is contacted with the flexible cleaning bristles in the fixed ring 33 to scrub the outer wall of the test tube; the cleaning rod 14 extends into the test tube, and the inner wall of the test tube is brushed by the flexible cleaning bristles at the top of the cleaning rod 14.
3) And (3) finishing cleaning: the reset electric push rod 52 is retracted, the movable ring 32 moves upwards to reset under the resilience driving of the elastic reset device 34, and then the test tube is driven to move upwards, so that the whole structure is reset, and the whole sealing rotating plate 4 and the porous plate 2 can effectively rotate.
To sum up, effectively guarantee the scrubbing cleaning performance of test tube.
In this embodiment, further, an inclined plate 15 is welded in the lower box 11, a sewage discharge cavity and a liquid storage cavity are respectively formed on the upper side and the lower side of the inclined plate 15, a sewage discharge pipe 16 is arranged at the bottom of the sewage discharge cavity, a liquid pump 17 is arranged in the liquid storage cavity, and a liquid guide pipe 18 is connected between the liquid pump 17 and the cleaning rod 14 and between the liquid pump 17 and the cleaning liquid spray head 51.
Therefore, when the test tube is inversely placed in the placing area 6 and the test tube is cleaned in the decontamination cleaning cavity 5, sewage of the test tube falls into the decontamination cavity above the inclined plate 15 and is discharged through the drainage pipe 16; the liquid storage chamber stores cleaning liquid, so when the cleaning liquid is introduced into the cleaning liquid nozzle 51 and the cleaning rod 14, the liquid pump 17 is activated to pump the cleaning liquid in the liquid storage chamber into the liquid guide tube 18, and then the cleaning liquid is poured into the cleaning liquid nozzle 51 and the cleaning rod 14 through the liquid guide tube 18.
In the present embodiment, the following three possible embodiments are provided for the clamping device
Can implement the method one
Specifically, with reference to fig. 5, it can be seen that:
the clamping device comprises two limiting plates 35 welded at the tops of the movable rings 32 symmetrically, movable guide rods 36 penetrate through the two limiting plates 35, sliding sleeves 37 are arranged on the two movable guide rods 36, and springs 371 are welded between each sliding sleeve 37 and the corresponding limiting plate 35;
the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks 38 which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod 372 is rotatably connected between each clamping block 38 and each sliding sleeve 37.
In the present embodiment, the clamping principle of the clamping device is as follows:
the two symmetrical sliding sleeves 37 are pressed to approach each other, at the moment, the two springs 371 are both stretched based on the limitation of the limiting plate 35, and the two clamping blocks 38 are far away from each other based on the rotation of the four connecting rods 372, so that the base between the two clamping blocks 38 is adjusted to ensure that the test tube can be effectively placed between the two clamping blocks 38; after the test tube is placed in the test tube, the sliding sleeve 37 is loosened, the sliding sleeve 37 is pulled back by the spring 371 at the moment, and then the two clamping blocks 38 are driven to be close to each other, so that the effect of clamping two sides of the test tube is achieved.
Can implement the second embodiment
Specifically, with reference to fig. 6 to 7, it can be seen that:
the clamping device comprises two limiting plates 35 welded at the tops of the movable rings 32 symmetrically, movable guide rods 36 penetrate through the two limiting plates 35, sliding sleeves 37 are arranged on the two movable guide rods 36, and springs 371 are welded between each sliding sleeve 37 and the corresponding limiting plate 35;
the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks 38 which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod 372 is rotatably connected between each clamping block 38 and each sliding sleeve 37.
Further, in the present embodiment, one end of the movable guide 36 penetrates the sliding sleeve 37, and both the end of the movable guide 36 and the side wall of the clamping block 38 are provided with a rubber cushion 381. Based on this, guarantee that whole clamping device can not cause wearing and tearing to the test tube outer wall when carrying out the clamp of test tube.
Furthermore, in the present embodiment, a threaded sleeve 39 is welded on a side of the limit plate 35 away from the sliding sleeve 37, and the threaded sleeve 39 is screwed with the guide rod 36.
As can be seen from the above, in the present embodiment, the clamping principle of the clamping device is as follows:
the two limiting plates 35 are pressed, the two movable guide rods 36 are rotated, so that the distance between the ends of the two movable guide rods 36 is increased, and then the two symmetrical sliding sleeves 37 are pressed to be close to each other, so that the distance between the two clamping blocks 38 is increased, and therefore the test tube can be effectively placed between the four rubber cushion pads 381; the sliding sleeve 37 is released, the two clamping blocks 38 clamp the two sides of the test tube, and the two movable guide rods 36 are rotated reversely, so that the ends of the two movable guide rods 36 are relatively close, namely, the two movable guide rods 36 are used for realizing the auxiliary clamping of the test tube. Based on this, a symmetrical clamping of the four rubber cushions 381 is effectively achieved.
Can implement the third embodiment
In the present embodiment, the limiting plate 35 is fixedly installed in the two embodiments, and the whole clamping device is effectively suitable for clamping test tubes with different sizes, but mainly depends on the deformation of the spring 371 to form the clamping force, so that the clamping force formed by the spring 371 is different when the test tubes are different in size, and therefore, in the present embodiment, the following preferred embodiments are provided:
specifically, please refer to fig. 8:
the clamping device comprises two limiting seats 321 symmetrically welded on the top of the movable ring 32 and two limiting plates 35 slidably arranged on the top of the movable ring 32, the limiting plates 35 are positioned on one sides of the limiting seats 321, limiting slide rods 322 penetrate through the two limiting seats 321, and one ends of the two limiting slide rods 322 are respectively welded on the two limiting plates 35; the limiting seat 321 is in screwed connection with a movable guide rod 36 penetrating through the limiting plate 35, the movable guide rod 36 is sleeved with a sliding sleeve 37, a spring 371 is welded between each sliding sleeve 37 and the corresponding limiting plate 35, one side of the limiting plate 35, far away from the sliding sleeve 37, is rotatably connected with a threaded sleeve 39, and the threaded sleeve 39 is in screwed connection with the movable guide rod 36;
the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks 38 which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod 372 is rotatably connected between each clamping block 38 and each sliding sleeve 37.
In the present embodiment, the specific clamping principle regarding the sliding sleeve 37 and the clamping block 38 is the same as that of the above-described two embodiments. The difference lies in that:
in the preferred embodiment, the two stopper plates 35 are slidably mounted and fixed stopper seats 321 are correspondingly provided; specifically, the position of the movable guide rod 36 is limited by the screwing of the limiting seat 321 and the movable guide rod 36, so that the two movable guide rods 36 are ensured to be in a fixed state, and the two movable guide rods 36 can be correspondingly and effectively ensured to clamp the test tube; meanwhile, based on the fixation of the movable guide rod 36 and the sliding of the limit plate 35, the adjustment of the deformation degree of the corresponding spring 371 between the limit plate 35 and the sliding sleeve 37 can be effectively performed:
during specific adjustment, the movable guide rod 36 is held to keep the movable guide rod 36 stationary, then the threaded sleeve 39 is rotated, so that the threaded sleeve 39 moves along the movable guide rod 36, the limiting plate 35 is driven to move synchronously in the movement, the limiting plate 35 drives the limiting slide rod 322 to move, the distance between the limiting plate 35 and the sliding sleeve 37 is changed, and further the deformation degree of the corresponding spring 371 and the clamping force formed by the two clamping blocks 38 are changed.
To sum up, based on the setting of structure among this preferred embodiment for whole clamping device all corresponds the clamp force that the adjustment formed when pressing from both sides the fixed not unidimensional test tube, and then guarantees not to damage the test tube when pressing from both sides tight test tube.
In this embodiment, a rubber cushion 381 may be provided on the end of the movable guide 36 and the side wall of the clamp block 38.
In the three possible embodiments of the clamping device, in order to avoid the movable guide rod 36 interfering with the placing cylinder 31, the placing cylinder 31 may be provided with a corresponding sliding slot, and the movable guide rod 36 passes through the sliding slot, so as to facilitate the position adjustment of the movable guide rod 36 and ensure that the whole clamping device can move smoothly along with the movable ring 32.
Example two
In addition to the first embodiment, in the present embodiment, a supply base 8 is added, specifically, as shown in fig. 2, at least one equipment box 1 is provided on the supply base 8, and a cleaning solution is supplied to the lower tank 11 of the equipment box 1. Specifically, regarding the feeding manner of the feeding base 8, one of the exemplary feeding manners may be: a feeding cavity is arranged in the feeding base 8, cleaning liquid is stored in the feeding cavity, a feeding pump is arranged in the feeding cavity, and the cleaning liquid is pumped into the lower box 11 by the feeding pump to finish feeding; the second is as follows: be equipped with the feed pipe in the feed base 8, feed pump and feedwell are connected to the feed pipe, and the washing liquid pump that the feedwell was stored is gone into the feed pipe to the feed pump, then sends into lower box 11 through the feed pipe, accomplishes the feed.
In the embodiment, the whole device can be used as a test tube rack and used for placing and cleaning a plurality of test tubes simultaneously, so that different use functions are met, and the decontamination and cleaning efficiency of the test tubes is further improved;
wherein: preferably, display marks can be arranged on two sides of the sealing rotating plate 4, one side of the sealing rotating plate is used for marking the test tube on the side as a test tube to be cleaned, and the other side of the sealing rotating plate is used for marking the test tube on the side as a cleaned test tube; for example, two sides of the sealing rotating plate 4 are set to be different colors respectively, one side is red and corresponds to the test tube to be cleaned, and the other side is green and corresponds to the cleaned test tube. Therefore, when the test tube cleaning device is used, a user can more conveniently distinguish which test tubes are cleaned from the plurality of test tubes.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an automatic scrubbing equipment of test tube of high-efficient environmental protection that chemical engineering used which characterized in that includes:
the device comprises an equipment box body (1), wherein the equipment box body (1) comprises a lower box (11) and an upper box (12) which are fixedly connected in sequence from bottom to top, the lower box (11) is of a cylindrical structure with an open top, and the upper box (12) is of a semi-cylindrical structure with an open bottom;
the test tube placing device is rotationally matched with a porous plate (2) in an opening at the top of a lower box (11), and a test tube placing assembly (3) is arranged on the porous plate (2);
the sealing rotating plate (4) is welded in the middle of the top of the porous plate (2), the sealing rotating plate (4) is matched with the upper box (12), and a sealed decontamination cleaning cavity (5) and an open placing area (6) are respectively formed on two sides of the sealing rotating plate; the decontamination cleaning cavity (5) is positioned in the upper box (12), and the placing area (6) is positioned outside the upper box (12); two test tube placing assemblies (3) are mounted on each porous plate (2), and the two test tube placing assemblies (3) are respectively positioned in the decontamination cleaning cavity (5) and the placing area (6);
the driving motor (7) is arranged at the top of the upper box (12), and the driving motor (7) drives the sealing rotating plate (4) and the porous disc (2) to rotate intermittently at 180 degrees through a rotating shaft;
the scrubbing washs the subassembly, installs in the position department corresponding with scrubbing washing chamber (5) to accomplish at sealed commentaries on classics board (4) and porous dish (2) and rotate the back, place subassembly (3) with the test tube that is located scrubbing washing chamber (5) and cooperate, carry out the scrubbing washing that corresponds the test tube.
2. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection for chemical engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: a supporting seat (13) is welded in the lower box (11), and the supporting seat (13) is rotatably matched below the porous plate (2) and used for supporting the porous plate (2).
3. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection for chemical engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the test tube placing assembly (3) comprises a placing cylinder (31), a movable ring (32) and a fixed ring (33), wherein the movable ring (32) and the fixed ring (33) are arranged in the placing cylinder (31), the fixed ring (33) is positioned below the movable ring (32), a clamping device for clamping a test tube is arranged on the movable ring (32), and an elastic resetting device (34) is connected between the movable ring (32) and the fixed ring (33);
the porous plate (2) is provided with a through hole (21), the through hole (21) has the same inner diameter as the placing cylinder (31), and the through hole (21) realizes the conduction between the placing cylinder (31) and the lower box (11).
4. The automatic decontamination apparatus for test tubes for chemical engineering according to claim 3, wherein the decontamination cleaning assembly comprises:
the cleaning solution spray head (51) and the electric push rod (52) are arranged at the top of the decontamination cleaning cavity (5), the cleaning solution spray head (51) is used for spraying cleaning solution to the outside of the test tube, and the electric push rod (52) is used for pushing the movable ring (32) to move downwards;
the cleaning rod (14) is arranged in the lower box (11), and flexible cleaning bristles are arranged on the outer wall of the cleaning rod (14) and the inner wall of the fixing ring (33); wash pole (14) and be the cavity pole, and wash pole (14) top and be equipped with at least one hydrojet mouth for to the inside injection washing liquid of test tube.
5. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection in chemical engineering according to claim 4, characterized in that: lower case (11) interior welding has swash plate (15), and the upper and lower both sides of swash plate (15) form blowdown chamber and stock solution chamber respectively, the bottom in blowdown chamber is equipped with blow off pipe (16), stock solution intracavity is equipped with liquid pump (17), and all is connected with catheter (18) between liquid pump (17) and washing pole (14) and washing liquid shower nozzle (51).
6. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection in chemical engineering according to claim 3, characterized in that:
the clamping device comprises two limiting plates (35) welded to the tops of the movable rings (32) symmetrically, movable guide rods (36) penetrate through the two limiting plates (35), sliding sleeves (37) are arranged on the two movable guide rods (36), and springs (371) are welded between each sliding sleeve (37) and the corresponding limiting plate (35);
the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks (38) which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod (372) is rotatably connected between each clamping block (38) and each sliding sleeve (37).
7. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection in chemical engineering according to claim 6, wherein: one end of the movable guide rod (36) penetrates through the sliding sleeve (37), rubber buffer cushions (381) are arranged on the end portions of the movable guide rod (36) and the side walls of the clamping blocks (38), and the test tubes are symmetrically clamped through the four rubber buffer cushions (381).
8. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection in chemical engineering according to claim 7, characterized in that: one side of the limiting plate (35) far away from the sliding sleeve (37) is welded with a threaded sleeve (39), and the threaded sleeve (39) is connected with the movable guide rod (36) in a screwing mode.
9. The automatic decontamination equipment for the test tube with high efficiency and environmental protection in chemical engineering according to claim 3, characterized in that:
the clamping device comprises two limiting seats (321) symmetrically welded to the top of the movable ring (32) and two limiting plates (35) slidably arranged at the top of the movable ring (32), the limiting plates (35) are located on one sides of the limiting seats (321), two limiting slide rods (322) penetrate through the two limiting seats (321), one ends of the two limiting slide rods (322) are respectively welded on the two limiting plates (35), movable guide rods (36) penetrating through the limiting plates (35) are connected onto the limiting seats (321) in a rotating mode, sliding sleeves (37) are sleeved on the movable guide rods (36), springs (371) are welded between each sliding sleeve (37) and the corresponding limiting plate (35), one side, far away from the sliding sleeves (37), of the limiting plate (35) is rotatably connected with a threaded sleeve (39), and the threaded sleeve (39) is rotatably connected with the movable guide rods (36);
the clamping device further comprises two clamping blocks (38) which are symmetrically arranged, and a connecting rod (372) is rotatably connected between each clamping block (38) and each sliding sleeve (37).
10. The automatic decontamination apparatus for test tubes for chemical engineering according to any one of claims 1-9, wherein: the automatic decontamination equipment further comprises a feeding base (8), wherein at least one equipment box body (1) is arranged on the feeding base (8), and cleaning liquid is supplied to a lower box (11) of the equipment box body (1).
CN202011387810.9A 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 Automatic scrubbing equipment of test tube of high-efficient environmental protection that chemical engineering used Active CN112657976B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4132035C1 (en) * 1991-09-26 1993-03-18 Kurt Linnepe
CN108405518A (en) * 2018-05-12 2018-08-17 合肥奇腾农业科技有限公司 A kind of use for laboratory facilitates the test tube cleaning plant of clamping
CN209935458U (en) * 2019-05-13 2020-01-14 中检集团中原农食产品检测(河南)有限公司 Quick belt cleaning device of inspection test tube
CN210146061U (en) * 2019-06-12 2020-03-17 成都师范学院 Chemistry experiment test-tube rack
CN111044885A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-21 深圳市瑞福自动化设备有限公司 PCB board on-line semiconductor device test system
CN210474903U (en) * 2019-06-17 2020-05-08 吴琼晟 Integrative equipment of laboratory test tube cleaning stoving
CN210563549U (en) * 2019-07-26 2020-05-19 沈阳银亿空间膜技术应用有限公司 Steel construction strutting arrangement convenient to remove
CN111451233A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-28 胡云 Inside belt cleaning device of test tube suitable for equidimension not
CN211847872U (en) * 2019-10-23 2020-11-03 苏州圣敏天立生物科技有限公司 Microorganism sample test tube rack
CN211948760U (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-11-17 江西渱泰水利工程有限公司 Water conservancy and hydropower engineering's drain pipe reinforced structure

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
DE4132035C1 (en) * 1991-09-26 1993-03-18 Kurt Linnepe
CN108405518A (en) * 2018-05-12 2018-08-17 合肥奇腾农业科技有限公司 A kind of use for laboratory facilitates the test tube cleaning plant of clamping
CN209935458U (en) * 2019-05-13 2020-01-14 中检集团中原农食产品检测(河南)有限公司 Quick belt cleaning device of inspection test tube
CN210146061U (en) * 2019-06-12 2020-03-17 成都师范学院 Chemistry experiment test-tube rack
CN210474903U (en) * 2019-06-17 2020-05-08 吴琼晟 Integrative equipment of laboratory test tube cleaning stoving
CN210563549U (en) * 2019-07-26 2020-05-19 沈阳银亿空间膜技术应用有限公司 Steel construction strutting arrangement convenient to remove
CN211847872U (en) * 2019-10-23 2020-11-03 苏州圣敏天立生物科技有限公司 Microorganism sample test tube rack
CN111044885A (en) * 2020-01-02 2020-04-21 深圳市瑞福自动化设备有限公司 PCB board on-line semiconductor device test system
CN211948760U (en) * 2020-03-11 2020-11-17 江西渱泰水利工程有限公司 Water conservancy and hydropower engineering's drain pipe reinforced structure
CN111451233A (en) * 2020-04-13 2020-07-28 胡云 Inside belt cleaning device of test tube suitable for equidimension not

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