CN112619268B - Automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design - Google Patents

Automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112619268B
CN112619268B CN202011545925.6A CN202011545925A CN112619268B CN 112619268 B CN112619268 B CN 112619268B CN 202011545925 A CN202011545925 A CN 202011545925A CN 112619268 B CN112619268 B CN 112619268B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water storage
vertical
shaft
water
storage tank
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CN202011545925.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112619268A (en
Inventor
郑峰
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Chongqing Three Gorges University
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Chongqing Three Gorges University
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Priority to CN202011545925.6A priority Critical patent/CN112619268B/en
Publication of CN112619268A publication Critical patent/CN112619268A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D35/00Other filtering devices; Auxiliary devices for filtration; Filter housing constructions
    • B01D35/02Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks
    • B01D35/027Filters adapted for location in special places, e.g. pipe-lines, pumps, stop-cocks rigidly mounted in or on tanks or reservoirs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/01Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor with flat filtering elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/64Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element
    • B01D29/6407Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element brushes
    • B01D29/6415Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element brushes with a rotary movement with respect to the filtering element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D29/00Other filters with filtering elements stationary during filtration, e.g. pressure or suction filters, or filtering elements therefor
    • B01D29/62Regenerating the filter material in the filter
    • B01D29/64Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element
    • B01D29/6438Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element nozzles
    • B01D29/6446Regenerating the filter material in the filter by scrapers, brushes, nozzles, or the like, acting on the cake side of the filtering element nozzles with a rotary movement with respect to the filtering element
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D36/00Filter circuits or combinations of filters with other separating devices
    • B01D36/04Combinations of filters with settling tanks
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/52Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by flocculation or precipitation of suspended impurities
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E03WATER SUPPLY; SEWERAGE
    • E03BINSTALLATIONS OR METHODS FOR OBTAINING, COLLECTING, OR DISTRIBUTING WATER
    • E03B3/00Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water
    • E03B3/02Methods or installations for obtaining or collecting drinking water or tap water from rain-water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/001Runoff or storm water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • C02F2201/004Seals, connections
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus
    • C02F2201/005Valves
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2209/00Controlling or monitoring parameters in water treatment
    • C02F2209/03Pressure
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/14Maintenance of water treatment installations
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/16Regeneration of sorbents, filters
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A20/00Water conservation; Efficient water supply; Efficient water use
    • Y02A20/108Rainwater harvesting

Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic device of recycling of rainwater for environmental design, including the water storage box, there is first cavity in the diapire of water storage box, there is the motor in the first cavity, the upper portion inner wall installation filter of water storage box, inclined hole and inclined hole have the oblique axle in opening at the middle part of filter, the upper end opening part of water storage box is connected with first sector plate, second sector plate is connected on oblique axle upper portion, the bottom surface of second sector plate has the brush hair, there is the collecting box on the right side wall of water storage box, there is the dredge pump bottom of water storage box, there is the water pump inside wall lower part of water storage box. The device is in a closed state at ordinary times, so that the entering of impurities can be reduced, the standing purification effect of water in the water storage tank is improved, the fan-shaped plate is an inclined plane, garbage at the top of the water storage tank can slide into the collection box for collection, meanwhile, the device can be automatically opened when rainfall occurs, the device can be automatically closed after the rainfall is finished, the fan-shaped plate is washed by rainwater, the brushing of the bristles on the filter plate realizes self-cleaning, and the use cost is reduced.

Description

Automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of rainwater recycling equipment, and particularly relates to an automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design.
Background
Even in the modern society, fresh water resources are still deficient, even in developed cities, water cut-off phenomenon occurs sometimes, rainwater is a fresh water resource which is often found in our lives, but general rainwater is polluted, rainwater can pollute underground water when being directly discharged, so that the rainwater needs to be recovered, treated and put into use, the demand of people on fresh water can be relieved, the environment can be effectively improved, the local fresh water quality can be improved, the rainwater with the size of 2-5 mm at the front is generally seriously polluted when raining at the initial stage, the pollution is more serious than that of general domestic sewage, the treatment mode of the rainwater collection and treatment device is simple, the cost can be saved, if the rainwater at the initial stage is collected, the subsequent sewage treatment device is difficult to purify the rainwater with the later stage being cleaner, the difficulty of rainwater recovery processing is increased, the collection device can be normally collected in an open state, so that impurities are more, and if the impurities are easily polluted, such as bird dung, paper scraps, dust, oil stains and the like, the cleaning difficulty of the filter device is high, and a large amount of manpower and material resources are consumed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design, which is used for overcoming the defects in the prior art.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
an automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design comprises a cylindrical water storage tank with a left high and a right low, a first cavity is formed in the bottom wall of the water storage tank, a motor with an upward output shaft is installed in the first cavity, the output shaft of the motor upwards penetrates through the bottom wall of the water storage tank and then is fixedly connected with a first vertical shaft, a filter plate which inclines towards the lower right side is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the upper portion of the water storage tank in a sealing manner, the filter plate is located on the upper side of the first vertical shaft, an inclined hole is formed in the middle of the filter plate, an inclined shaft is connected to the inner bearing of the inclined hole, the axial lead of the inclined shaft is perpendicular to the surface of the filter plate, the lower end of the inclined shaft is connected with the upper end of the first vertical shaft through a universal coupling, a first fan-shaped plate which inclines towards the lower right side is symmetrically and fixedly connected with the front and back of an opening of the upper end of the water storage tank, the top surface of the first fan-shaped plate is flush with the top surface of the water storage tank, the top of the first fan-shaped plate is connected with a second vertical shaft through the same bearing, the lower end of a second vertical shaft is connected with the upper end of an inclined shaft through a universal coupling, the left side and the right side of the upper part of the inclined shaft are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a second sector plate which inclines towards the lower right side, the second sector plate is parallel to a filter plate, the edge of the top surface of the second sector plate is in contact fit with the edge of the bottom surface of the corresponding first sector plate, the second sector plate can block gaps among all the first sector plates, the bottom surface of the second sector plate is fixedly connected with a plurality of horizontal and uniformly arranged bristles which can brush the filter plate, the upper end of the right side wall of a water storage tank is fixedly provided with a collecting box with an opening towards the left, the collecting box can collect objects which slide down from the first sector plate and the second sector plate through the opening at the left side of the collecting box, a first water pressure sensor is arranged in the collecting box, the top and the bottom of the collecting box penetrate through the same third vertical shaft, and the joint of the third vertical shaft and the collecting box are connected through a sealing bearing, the bottom of the collecting box is uniformly provided with a plurality of first through holes in an annular shape around a third vertical shaft, electromagnetic valves are arranged in the first through holes, the electromagnetic valves are connected with a first water pressure sensor, the upper end of the third vertical shaft upwards penetrates through the top of the collecting box and then is connected with a second vertical shaft through a transmission assembly, the bottom of the collecting box is provided with a vertical pipe, the lower end of the vertical pipe is connected with a municipal sewage pipeline, the first through holes at the bottom of the collecting box are all positioned at the inner side of the vertical pipe, the lower end of the third vertical shaft downwards penetrates through the bottom of the collecting box and then extends into the vertical pipe, the outer side of the lower part of the third vertical shaft is sleeved with a helical blade, the helical blade is positioned at the inner side of the vertical pipe, the upper part of the right side wall of the water storage box and the left side wall of the vertical pipe are provided with first pore passages which are mutually communicated, the left end opening of the first pore passage is positioned between the second sector plate and the filter plate, and the inner side wall of the water storage box is close to the lower end and is provided with a second water pressure sensor, the second water pressure sensor and the first water pressure sensor are connected with the motor, the sewage pump is installed at the bottom of the water storage tank, one end of the sewage pump is communicated with the inside of the water storage tank, the other end of the sewage pump is communicated with the outside, the water pump is installed on the lower portion of the inner side wall of the water storage tank, one end of the water pump is communicated with the inside of the water storage tank, and the other end of the water pump is communicated with the outside.
The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design comprises a vertical cylinder, a water storage box, a first support, a packing auger blade, a filter plate, a first cylinder, a second cavity and a water storage tank, wherein the vertical cylinder is sleeved outside a first vertical shaft, the vertical cylinder is fixedly connected with the bottom of the water storage box through the first support, the upper end and the lower end of the first vertical shaft respectively penetrate through the top and the bottom of the vertical cylinder and are connected with the vertical cylinder through a sealing bearing, the packing auger blade is installed outside the first vertical shaft and is positioned inside the vertical cylinder, a water inlet hole is formed in the bottom of the vertical cylinder, a water outlet hole is formed in the top of the vertical cylinder, a first cylinder sleeved outside the lower part of the inclined shaft is fixedly connected with the bottom center of the filter plate through the second support, a second hole is formed in the top and the bottom center of the first cylinder and corresponds to the inclined shaft, the second hole is connected with the inclined shaft through the sealing bearing, a third through hole is formed in the bottom of the first cylinder and is communicated with the water outlet hole in the top of the vertical cylinder through a pipeline, the second cavity is formed in the inclined shaft, the upper portion outside fixedly connected with second barrel of oblique axis, several fourth through-hole and the first barrel that corresponds, second barrel intercommunication each other have been seted up to the equal annular of lateral wall of second cavity, and the second barrel is located between filter and the second sector plate, and the several hole for water spraying has evenly been seted up to the outside annular of second barrel, and the shower nozzle is all installed to the outer end of hole for water spraying, and spun water can erode the upper surface of filter in the shower nozzle, and the second barrel is parallel to each other with the filter.
According to the automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design, the plurality of drainage grooves which are evenly distributed in the front-back direction are transversely formed in the top of the filter plate, and the plurality of filter holes are transversely and evenly formed in the surface of the filter plate between every two drainage grooves.
The automatic rainwater recycling device for the environmental design is characterized in that the transmission assembly is a chain wheel transmission assembly.
As above automatic device of recycling of rainwater for environmental design, the even fixed mounting in upper portion outside of third vertical axis have several cutting blades, cutting blade is located the top of solenoid valve.
According to the automatic rainwater recycling device for the environmental design, the bottom surface of the cutting blade at the lowest side is in contact fit with the inner bottom surface of the collecting box.
According to the automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design, the one-way valve is installed in the first pore channel.
According to the automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design, the first pore channel is a bent pore channel, the left end opening of the first pore channel is located between the filter plate and the second fan-shaped plate, the right end opening of the first pore channel is communicated with the vertical pipe, and the right end opening of the first pore channel is located on the lower side of the helical blade.
The invention has the advantages that: the rainwater collection device can be arranged in districts, parks, roofs and the like, and a plurality of devices can be distributed in the arrangement area, so that rainwater is recycled, surface runoff is prevented from being caused, rainwater is prevented from seeping to pollute water sources, water quality is improved, when the rainwater does not fall, the upper opening of the water storage box can be completely sealed by matching the first sector plate with the second sector plate, impurities such as dead leaves, bird droppings, paper scrap, dust and the like are prevented from entering the water storage box, and meanwhile, the impurities on the water storage box can easily slide down into the collection box by matching the first sector plate with the second sector plate into an inclined plane with a high left side and a low right side, so that the attractiveness of the environment is further improved; during rainfall, rainwater continuously scours the upper surfaces of the first fan-shaped plate and the second fan-shaped plate, so that impurities on the first fan-shaped plate are scoured to enter the collecting box, the second fan-shaped plate is prevented from falling into the water storage box when being rotated and opened, meanwhile, the surface of the device can be cleaned through the rainwater, the cleaning water of the device is reduced, a large amount of water resources are saved, the initial rainfall pollution is serious, the device collects and discharges initial rainwater through the collecting box, simultaneously, the first fan-shaped plate and the second fan-shaped plate are washed by the water with serious initial pollution, the impurities are removed, and then the first fan-shaped plate and the second fan-shaped plate are washed once again through continuous clean rainfall in later period, so that the device is cleaner and saves a large amount of water, and the rainwater flows into the collecting box along the inclined surface formed by the first fan-shaped plate and the second fan-shaped plate to the lower right direction, until the first water pressure sensor detects that the water pressure in the collecting box is greater than a preset value, the first water pressure sensor sends a signal to the control terminal, the control terminal controls the electromagnetic valve to be opened, sewage in the collecting box is discharged into the vertical pipe through the first through hole, after a certain time, the electromagnetic valve is closed, meanwhile, the sewage moving downwards from the vertical pipe impacts the spiral blade to drive the third vertical shaft to rotate, the third vertical shaft drives the second vertical shaft to rotate through the transmission assembly, the second vertical shaft drives the inclined shaft to rotate with the first vertical shaft through the universal coupling, at the moment, initial polluted rainwater is discharged completely, the inclined shaft drives the first sector plate to rotate for a plurality of circles and then to be superposed with the second sector plate so as to open the opening of the water storage box, rainwater directly falls from the opening, rainwater dropping to the upper surface of the first sector plate can also enter the water storage box along the inclined surface of the first sector plate, and the surface of the first sector plate is cleaned by the rainwater, therefore, the impurities entering the water storage tank along with the subsequent rainwater are few, and meanwhile, the brush hair can also carry out rotary brushing on the filter plate for a plurality of times in the process of rotating and opening the second fan-shaped plate, firstly, the upper surface of the filter plate is directly brushed, secondly, the residual impurities on the first fan-shaped plate flowing along with the rainwater are brushed from the first pore passage and fall into the vertical pipe to be discharged, when the rainfall is less or moderate, the rainwater is filtered by the filter plate and then enters the water storage tank for storage and then stands for precipitation, the clear water on the upper layer can be pumped out for use by the water pump, the impurities on the bottom can be discharged by the sewage pump, and the second water pressure sensor does not detect the pressure to continuously rise after a certain time, after no rainwater continues to enter the water storage tank, the second water pressure sensor sends a signal to the control terminal, and the control terminal controls the motor to drive the first vertical shaft, the inclined shaft and the second sector plate to rotate so as to seal the water storage tank; when the rainfall is very large, the device is not enough to store rainwater, and the rainwater causes the burden of the invention due to excessive rainwater, the rainwater is continuously increased in the water storage tank until the rainwater overflows the filter plate, the rainwater directly enters the vertical pipe through the first pore passage to impact the helical blade so as to drive the third vertical shaft to rotate, the third vertical shaft drives the second fan-shaped plate to rotate through the transmission assembly so as to scrub the filter plate through the bristles, so that the filter plate is prevented from being blocked by falling leaves, deadwood and other objects of heavy rain, the second fan-shaped plate and the first fan-shaped plate can generate the condition of completely sealing the water storage tank in the continuous rotating process, the rainwater enters the collecting tank again at the moment, after a plurality of times, the electromagnetic valve is opened again so that the rainwater in the collecting tank flows down in strands to impact the helical blade so as to play an accelerating effect on the third vertical shaft, further the scrubbing force of the bristles at the lower side of the second fan-shaped plate is increased, and the filter plate is further prevented from being blocked, after the rain stops, the motor drives the second sector plate to rotate to close the water storage tank; the invention has simple structure and ingenious design, can play a good rain collecting effect through a plurality of arrangements of the invention, effectively reduces surface runoff and reduces the possibility of rainwater polluting a water source, can reduce the entering of impurities in a closed state at ordinary times, improves the standing and purifying effect of water in the water storage tank, can slide garbage at the top of the water storage tank into the collecting tank for collection by the fan-shaped plates which are inclined planes, improves the aesthetic property, simultaneously carries out primary flushing on the top of the water storage tank through the early-stage sewage during raining, then carries out secondary flushing on the top of the water storage tank through the relatively clean water in the early and middle stages, leads the subsequent second fan-shaped plates not to bring the impurities at the top into the water storage tank when being rotated and opened, effectively removes the rainwater seriously polluted at the early stage of rainfall, prevents the rainwater from being mixed with the relatively clean rainwater in the middle and later stages to cause the improvement of rainwater purifying difficulty and even damage the purifying structure, meanwhile, the automatic opening device can be automatically opened when the rain falls, and can be automatically closed after the rain falls, so that the use of manpower and material resources is reduced, the fan-shaped plates are washed by rainwater, the filter plates are automatically cleaned by brushing of the bristles, the frequent manual cleaning work of a rainwater collection system is reduced, and the use cost is reduced.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to these drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention; FIG. 2 is a partial zoom of a top view of the present invention; FIG. 3 is a zoom of a top view of a filter board; FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of I of FIG. 1; fig. 5 is an enlarged view of ii of fig. 1.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all, embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
An automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design is disclosed, as shown in the figure, comprising a cylindrical water storage tank 1 with a high left and a low right, a first cavity 2 is arranged in the bottom wall of the water storage tank 1, a motor 3 with an upward output shaft is arranged in the first cavity 2, the output shaft of the motor 3 upwards penetrates through the bottom wall of the water storage tank 1 and then is fixedly connected with a first vertical shaft 4, the inner wall of the upper part of the water storage tank 1 is fixedly and hermetically provided with a filter plate 5 which inclines towards the lower right, the filter plate 5 is positioned on the upper side of the first vertical shaft 4, the middle part of the filter plate 5 is provided with an inclined hole, the bearing in the inclined hole is connected with an inclined shaft 6, the axial lead of the inclined shaft 6 is vertical to the surface of the filter plate 5, the lower end of the inclined shaft 6 is connected with the upper end of the first vertical shaft 4 through a universal coupling, a first sector plate 7 which inclines towards the lower right is symmetrically and fixedly connected with the front and back of the opening part of the upper end of the water storage tank 1, the top surface of the first sector plate 7 is flush with the top surface of the water storage tank 1, the top of the front and back first sector plates 7 is connected with a second vertical shaft 8 through the same shaft seat bearing, the lower end of the second vertical shaft 8 is connected with the upper end of the inclined shaft 6 through a universal coupling, the left and right sides of the upper part of the inclined shaft 6 are symmetrically and fixedly connected with second sector plates 9 which incline towards the lower right, the second sector plates 9 are parallel to the filter plate 5, the top surface edge of the second sector plate 9 is in contact fit with the bottom surface edge of the corresponding first sector plate 7, the second sector plates 9 can block all gaps between the first sector plates 7, the bottom surface of the second sector plates 9 is fixedly connected with a plurality of horizontal and uniformly arranged brush hairs 10, the brush hairs 10 can brush the filter plate 5, a collecting box 11 with an opening towards the left is fixedly arranged on the upper side wall of the water storage box 1, and the collecting box 11 can collect objects which slide down on the first sector plates 7 and the second sector plates 9 through the left opening, a first hydraulic pressure sensor 12 is arranged in the collecting box 11, the top and the bottom of the collecting box 11 penetrate through the same third vertical shaft 13, the joint of the third vertical shaft 13 and the collecting box 11 is connected with a sealing bearing, the bottom of the collecting box 11 is annularly and uniformly provided with a plurality of first through holes around the third vertical shaft 13, electromagnetic valves 14 are arranged in the first through holes, the electromagnetic valves 14 are connected with the first hydraulic pressure sensor 12, the upper end of the third vertical shaft 13 penetrates upwards through the top of the collecting box 11 and then is connected with a second vertical shaft 8 through a transmission assembly 15, a vertical pipe 16 is arranged at the bottom of the collecting box 11, the lower end of the vertical pipe 16 is connected with a municipal sewage pipeline, the first through holes at the bottom of the collecting box 11 are all positioned at the inner side of the vertical pipe 16, the lower end of the third vertical shaft 13 penetrates downwards through the bottom of the collecting box 11 and then extends into the vertical pipe 16, a helical blade 17 is sleeved at the outer side of the lower part of the third vertical shaft 13, the helical blade 17 is positioned at the inner side of the vertical pipe 16, the left end opening of the first pore 18 is located between the second sector plate 9 and the filter plate 5, the inner side wall of the water storage tank 1 is close to the lower end and is provided with a second water pressure sensor 19, the second water pressure sensor 19 and the first water pressure sensor 12 are connected with the motor 3, the bottom of the water storage tank 1 is provided with a sewage pump 20, one end of the sewage pump 20 is communicated with the inside of the water storage tank 1, the other end of the sewage pump 20 is communicated with the outside, the lower portion of the inner side wall of the water storage tank 1 is provided with a water pump 21, one end of the water pump 21 is communicated with the inside of the water storage tank 1, and the other end of the water pump 21 is communicated with the outside. The rainwater collection device can be arranged in districts, parks, roofs and the like, and a plurality of devices can be distributed in the arrangement area, so that rainwater is recycled, surface runoff is prevented from being caused, rainwater is prevented from seeping to pollute water sources, water quality is improved, when the rainwater does not fall, the upper opening of the water storage tank 1 can be completely sealed by matching the first sector plate 7 with the second sector plate 9, impurities such as dead leaves, bird droppings, paper dust and the like are prevented from entering the water storage tank 1, and meanwhile, the impurities on the first sector plate 7 and the second sector plate 9 are easy to slide down into the collection tank 11 by matching an inclined plane with a high left side and a low right side, so that the attractiveness of the environment is further improved; during rainfall, rainwater continuously scours the upper surfaces of the first fan-shaped plate 7 and the second fan-shaped plate 9, so that impurities on the upper surfaces are scoured into the collecting box 11, the impurities on the second fan-shaped plate 9 are prevented from falling into the water storage tank 1 when the second fan-shaped plate 9 is rotated and opened, meanwhile, the surface of the device can be cleaned through the rainwater, the cleaning water of the device is reduced, a large amount of water resources are saved, and the early-stage rainfall pollution is serious, the device collects and discharges the initial-stage rainwater through the collecting box 11, simultaneously, the first fan-shaped plate and the second fan-shaped plate are cleaned by the water with serious initial-stage pollution and the impurities are removed, and then the first fan-shaped plate and the second fan-shaped plate are cleaned again through continuous clean rainfall in the later stage, the device is cleaner and saves a large amount of water, the rainwater flows into the collecting box 11 towards the lower part along the inclined surface formed by the first fan-shaped plate 7 and the second fan-shaped plate 9, until the first water pressure sensor 12 detects that the water pressure in the collection box 11 is greater than a preset value, the first water pressure sensor 12 sends a signal to the control terminal, the control terminal controls the electromagnetic valve 14 to be opened, the sewage in the collection box 11 is discharged into the vertical pipe 16 through the first through hole, after a certain time, the electromagnetic valve 14 is closed, meanwhile, the sewage moving downwards from the vertical pipe 16 impacts the helical blade to drive the third vertical shaft 13 to rotate, the third vertical shaft 13 drives the second vertical shaft 8 to rotate through the transmission assembly, the second vertical shaft 8 drives the oblique shaft 6 to rotate with the first vertical shaft 4 through the universal coupling, at the moment, the initial polluted rainwater is discharged completely, the oblique shaft 6 drives the first sector plate 7 to rotate for a plurality of circles and then to be overlapped with the second sector plate 9 so as to open the opening of the water storage box 1, the rainwater directly falls from the opening, and the rainwater dropping to the upper surface of the first sector plate 7 can also enter the water storage box along the oblique surface of the first sector plate 7, and the surface of the first fan-shaped plate 7 is cleaned by rainwater, so that impurities entering the water storage tank along with subsequent rainwater are few, meanwhile, the brush hair can also perform rotary scrubbing on the filter plate 5 for a plurality of times in the process of rotating and opening the second fan-shaped plate, firstly, the upper surface of the filter plate 5 is directly scrubbed, secondly, residual impurities flowing down along with the rainwater on the first fan-shaped plate 7 are brushed from the first pore passage 18 to the vertical pipe 16 to be discharged, when the rainfall is less or moderate, the rainwater is filtered by the filter plate 5 and then enters the water storage tank 1 to be stored and then is stood for precipitation, the clear water on the upper layer can be pumped out by a water pump for use, the impurities on the bottom can be discharged by a sewage pump, the second water pressure sensor does not detect that the pressure continues to rise after a certain time, namely, no rainwater continues to enter the water storage tank 1, the second water pressure sensor sends a signal to the control terminal, and the control terminal controls the motor to drive the first vertical shaft, The inclined shaft and the second sector plate 9 rotate to seal the water storage tank; when the rainfall is large, the device is not enough to store rainwater, and the rainwater causes the burden of the invention due to excessive rainwater, the rainwater is continuously increased in the water storage tank until the rainwater passes through the filter plate 5, the rainwater directly enters the vertical pipe through the first pore passage 18 to impact the helical blade 17 so as to drive the third vertical shaft to rotate, the third vertical shaft drives the second fan-shaped plate 9 to rotate through the transmission component so as to scrub the filter plate through the bristles, the filter plate 5 is prevented from being blocked by the objects such as leaves and dead branches of heavy rain falling off the filter plate, the second fan-shaped plate 9 and the first fan-shaped plate can generate the condition of completely sealing the water storage tank in the continuous rotating process, the rainwater enters the collection tank 11 again, after a plurality of times, the electromagnetic valve is opened again so that the rainwater in the collection tank 11 flows down in strands to impact the helical blade so as to play an accelerating effect on the third vertical shaft, and further the brushing force of the lower side of the second fan-shaped plate 9 is increased, further preventing the filter plate 5 from being blocked, and after the rain stops, the motor drives the second fan-shaped plate to rotate to close the water storage tank; the invention has simple structure and ingenious design, can play a good rain collecting effect through a plurality of arrangements of the invention, effectively reduces surface runoff and reduces the possibility of rainwater polluting a water source, can reduce the entering of impurities in a closed state at ordinary times, improves the standing and purifying effect of water in the water storage tank, can slide garbage at the top of the water storage tank into the collecting tank for collection by the fan-shaped plates which are inclined planes, improves the aesthetic property, simultaneously carries out primary flushing on the top of the water storage tank through the early-stage sewage during raining, then carries out secondary flushing on the top of the water storage tank through the relatively clean water in the early and middle stages, leads the subsequent second fan-shaped plates not to bring the impurities at the top into the water storage tank when being rotated and opened, effectively removes the rainwater seriously polluted at the early stage of rainfall, prevents the rainwater from being mixed with the relatively clean rainwater in the middle and later stages to cause the improvement of rainwater purifying difficulty and even damage the purifying structure, meanwhile, the automatic opening device can be automatically opened when the rain falls, and can be automatically closed after the rain falls, so that the use of manpower and material resources is reduced, the fan-shaped plates are washed by rainwater, the filter plates 5 are automatically cleaned by the brushing of the bristles, the frequent manual cleaning work of a rainwater collection system is reduced, and the use cost is reduced.
Specifically, as shown in the figure, in the embodiment, a vertical cylinder 22 is sleeved on the outer side of a first vertical shaft 4, the vertical cylinder 22 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the water storage tank 1 through a first support, the upper end and the lower end of the first vertical shaft 4 respectively penetrate through the top and the bottom of the vertical cylinder 22 and are connected with the same through a sealing bearing, an auger blade 23 is installed on the outer side of the first vertical shaft 4, the auger blade 23 is located on the inner side of the vertical cylinder 22, a water inlet hole is formed in the bottom of the vertical cylinder 22, a water outlet hole is formed in the top of the vertical cylinder 22, a first cylinder 24 sleeved on the outer side of the lower portion of an inclined shaft 6 is fixedly connected to the center of the bottom of a filter plate 5 through a second support, a first pore passage is formed in the top and the center of the bottom of the first cylinder 24 and corresponds to the inclined shaft 6, the first pore passage is connected with the inclined shaft 6 through the sealing bearing, a third through hole 25 is formed in the bottom of the first cylinder 24, the third through hole 25 is communicated with the water outlet hole in the top of the vertical cylinder 22 through a pipeline 26, second cavity 27 has been seted up to the inside of down tube 6, the upper portion outside fixedly connected with second barrel 28 of down tube 6, several fourth through-hole 29 and the first barrel 24 that corresponds have been seted up to the equal annular of lateral wall of second cavity 27, second barrel 28 communicates each other, second barrel 28 is located between filter 5 and the second sector plate 9, several hole for water spraying 30 has evenly been seted up to the outside annular of second barrel 28, shower nozzle 31 is all installed to hole for water spraying 30's outer end, spun hydroenergy can be washed away the upper surface of filter 5 in the shower nozzle 31, second barrel 28 is parallel to each other with filter 5. Thereby in second sector plate 9 is in the same direction as, when the water storage box 1 is opened and closed in the contrary rotation, thereby the oblique axis drives the auger blade through first vertical axis and rotates the water in the water storage box 1 and take out in the second cavity 27 of oblique axis, then from the shower nozzle blowout in the second barrel 28 outside, and second barrel 28 rotates along with the rotation of oblique axis, thereby make second barrel 28 last rotation drive shower nozzle 31 annular spray and wash the upper surface of filter 5, make the filter 5 be difficult for blockking up, simultaneously wash into collecting box 11 with the dirt, play the automatically cleaning effect to filter 5, do not need the manual work to carry out frequent washing and change to filter 5, the loss of manpower and materials has significantly reduced, spun hydroenergy can wash the brush hair in the shower nozzle simultaneously, prevent that the dirt from adhering to on the brush hair.
Specifically, as shown in the figure, the drainage grooves 32 that the several evenly arranged along the fore-and-aft direction have transversely been seted up at the top of filter 5 described in this embodiment, filter 5 surface between per two drainage grooves 32 has transversely evenly seted up several filtration pore 33. Shower nozzle 31 washes away the filth that filters the hole 33 outer end and makes it get into in drainage groove 32 along with rivers below right flow, until getting into in the collecting box 11 to make the difficult adhesion dirt of upper surface of filter 5, be convenient for carry out the rinse thoroughly to filter 5, and brush hair 10 brush can only not brush drainage groove 32 for filtering hole 33, consequently the filth outside filtering hole 33 constantly gets into the drainage groove, and the filth in the drainage groove can not the reverse stagnation in the filtration hole 33 outside.
Further, as shown in the drawings, the driving assembly 15 of the present embodiment is a sprocket conveying assembly. The chain wheel conveying assembly is stable in transmission, simple in structure and easy to maintain, the required cost of the device can be effectively reduced, and the transmission ratio can be adjusted by changing the diameters of the driving chain wheel and the driven chain wheel.
Furthermore, as shown in the figure, a plurality of cutting blades 35 are uniformly and fixedly installed on the outer side of the upper portion of the third vertical shaft 13, and the cutting blades 35 are located above the solenoid valve 14. When rivers drive helical blade and third vertical axis 13 and rotate, third vertical axis 13 drives the continuous thing such as leaf dead branch in the cutting collecting box 11 of cutting blade 35, thereby cut it into the section and be convenient for its normal discharge, and when the water pressure that first water pressure sensor detected when being higher than the default originally need blowdown pressure release, the water pressure that first water pressure sensor detected does not reduce but continues to rise when reaching another default, first water pressure sensor gives control terminal with signal transmission, control terminal control motor starts, thereby the motor passes through first vertical axis, the oblique axis, the second vertical axis, thereby transmission assembly drives third vertical axis and cutting blade 35 fast rotation and carries out the fly-cutting to the filth in the collecting box, make it arrange in the vertical tube smoothly.
Further, as shown in the drawing, the bottom surface of the cutting blade 35 described at the lowermost side of the present embodiment is in contact engagement with the inner bottom surface of the catch tank 11. When the cutting blade 35 rotates, the garbage blocking the first through hole on the upper side of the solenoid valve can be swept away and broken off, so that the garbage blocking the first through hole is prevented.
Further, as shown, the first port 18 of the present embodiment is provided with a check valve therein. The one-way valve allows water in the cistern 1 to drain into the standpipe 16 without rainwater in the standpipe 16 being able to pass back into the cistern.
Furthermore, as shown in the drawings, the first hole 18 of the present embodiment is a curved hole, the left end opening of the first hole 18 is located between the filter plate 5 and the second fan-shaped plate 9, the right end opening of the first hole 18 is communicated with the vertical pipe 16, and the right end opening of the first hole 18 is located at the lower side of the helical blade 17. When the rainfall is large, the first hole channel 18 is used as an overflow hole, and the rainwater can directly enter the sewage discharge pipeline through the first hole channel 18 and cannot drive the helical blade 17 to rotate.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above examples are only intended to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, but not to limit it; although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some technical features may be equivalently replaced; and such modifications or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the corresponding technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides an automatic device of recycling of rainwater for environmental design which characterized in that: comprises a cylindrical water storage tank (1) which is high at the left and low at the right, a first cavity (2) is arranged in the bottom wall of the water storage tank (1), a motor (3) with an upward output shaft is arranged in the first cavity (2), the output shaft of the motor (3) upwards penetrates through the bottom wall of the water storage tank (1) and then is fixedly connected with a first vertical shaft (4), the inner wall of the upper part of the water storage tank (1) is fixedly and hermetically provided with a filter plate (5) which inclines towards the lower right, the filter plate (5) is positioned at the upper side of the first vertical shaft (4), the middle part of the filter plate (5) is provided with an inclined hole, an inclined shaft (6) is connected with a bearing in the inclined hole, the axial lead of the inclined shaft (6) is vertical to the surface of the filter plate (5), the lower end of the inclined shaft (6) is connected with the upper end of the first vertical shaft (4) through a universal coupling, a first sector plate (7) which inclines towards the right is symmetrically and fixedly connected with the front and back of the opening part of the upper end of the water storage tank (1), the top surface of the first sector plate (7) is flush with the top surface of the water storage tank (1), the top parts of the front and rear first sector plates (7) are connected with a second vertical shaft (8) through the same shaft seat bearing, the lower end of the second vertical shaft (8) is connected with the upper end of the inclined shaft (6) through a universal coupling, the left side and the right side of the upper part of the inclined shaft (6) are symmetrically and fixedly connected with a second sector plate (9) which inclines towards the right lower side, the second sector plate (9) is parallel to the filter plate (5), the top surface edge of the second sector plate (9) is in contact fit with the bottom surface edge of the corresponding first sector plate (7), the second sector plate (9) can block gaps among all the first sector plates (7), the bottom surface of the second sector plate (9) is fixedly connected with a plurality of horizontal and uniformly arranged bristles (10), the bristles (10) can scrub the filter plate (5), an open-end fixed collection box (11) facing the left is arranged on the right side wall of the water storage tank (1), the collecting box (11) can collect objects sliding down from the first sector plate (7) and the second sector plate (9) through an opening on the left side of the collecting box, a first water pressure sensor (12) is installed in the collecting box (11), the top and the bottom of the collecting box (11) penetrate through the same third vertical shaft (13), the joint of the third vertical shaft (13) and the collecting box (11) is connected through a sealing bearing, the bottom of the collecting box (11) is annularly and uniformly provided with a plurality of first through holes around the third vertical shaft (13), electromagnetic valves (14) are installed in the first through holes, the electromagnetic valves (14) are connected with the first water pressure sensor (12), the upper end of the third vertical shaft (13) penetrates upwards through the top of the collecting box (11) and then is connected with the second vertical shaft (8) through a transmission assembly (15), a vertical pipe (16) is installed at the bottom of the collecting box (11), and the lower end of the vertical pipe (16) is connected with a municipal sewage discharge pipeline, the first through holes at the bottom of the collecting box (11) are all positioned at the inner side of the vertical pipe (16), the lower end of the third vertical shaft (13) downwards penetrates through the bottom of the collecting box (11) and then extends into the vertical pipe (16), the outer side of the lower part of the third vertical shaft (13) is sleeved with a spiral blade (17), the spiral blade (17) is positioned at the inner side of the vertical pipe (16), the upper part of the right side wall of the water storage box (1) and the left side wall of the vertical pipe (16) are provided with a first pore passage (18) which are communicated with each other, the left end opening of the first pore passage (18) is positioned between the second sector plate (9) and the filter plate (5), the inner side wall of the water storage box (1) is close to the lower end to install a second water pressure sensor (19), the first water pressure sensor (12) is connected with the motor (3), the bottom of the water storage box (1) is provided with a sewage pump (20), one end of the sewage pump (20) is communicated with the inside of the water storage box (1), the other end of the sewage pump (20) is communicated with the outside, the water pump (21) is installed on the lower portion of the inner side wall of the water storage tank (1), one end of the water pump (21) is communicated with the inside of the water storage tank (1), and the other end of the water pump (21) is communicated with the outside.
2. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer side of the first vertical shaft (4) is sleeved with a vertical cylinder (22), the vertical cylinder (22) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the water storage tank (1) through a first support, the upper end and the lower end of the first vertical shaft (4) respectively penetrate through the top and the bottom of the vertical cylinder (22) and are connected with the vertical cylinder through a sealing bearing, an auger blade (23) is installed on the outer side of the first vertical shaft (4), the auger blade (23) is positioned on the inner side of the vertical cylinder (22), a water inlet hole is formed in the bottom of the vertical cylinder (22), a water outlet hole is formed in the top of the vertical cylinder (22), a first cylinder (24) sleeved on the outer side of the lower part of the inclined shaft (6) is fixedly connected with the bottom center of the filter plate (5) through a second support, a second hole is formed in the top of the first cylinder (24) and the bottom center of the first cylinder and corresponds to the inclined shaft (6), the second hole is connected with the inclined shaft (6) through a sealing bearing, and a third through hole (25) is formed in the bottom of the first cylinder (24), third through-hole (25) pass through pipeline (26) intercommunication with the apopore at vertical cylinder (22) top, second cavity (27) have been seted up to the inside of skew shaft (6), upper portion outside fixedly connected with second barrel (28) of skew shaft (6), several fourth through-hole (29) and first barrel (24) that correspond have all been seted up to the equal annular of lateral wall of second cavity (27), second barrel (28) communicate each other, second barrel (28) are located between filter (5) and second sector plate (9), several hole for water spraying (30) have evenly been seted up to the outside annular of second barrel (28), shower nozzle (31) are all installed to the outer end of hole for water spraying (30), the upper surface of filter (5) can be washed out to spun water in shower nozzle (31), second barrel (28) are parallel to each other with filter (5).
3. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 2, characterized in that: the top of filter (5) transversely seted up the drainage groove (32) that the several evenly arranged along the fore-and-aft direction, filter (5) surface between per two drainage grooves (32) transversely evenly seted up several filtration pore (33).
4. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 1, characterized in that: the transmission assembly (15) is a chain wheel transmission assembly.
5. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 1, characterized in that: the outer side of the upper portion of the third vertical shaft (13) is evenly and fixedly provided with a plurality of cutting blades (35), and the cutting blades (35) are located above the electromagnetic valve (14).
6. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 5, characterized in that: the bottom surface of the lowest cutting blade (35) is contacted and matched with the inner bottom surface of the collecting box (11).
7. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 1, characterized in that: a one-way valve is arranged in the first pore passage (18).
8. The automatic rainwater recycling device for environmental design according to claim 1, characterized in that: the first pore canal (18) is a bent pore canal, the left end opening of the first pore canal (18) is positioned between the filter plate (5) and the second fan-shaped plate (9), the right end opening of the first pore canal (18) is communicated with the vertical pipe (16), and the right end opening of the first pore canal (18) is positioned at the lower side of the helical blade (17).
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CN211799363U (en) * 2020-02-21 2020-10-30 张净 Municipal works rainwater is collected and is utilized device
CN211948667U (en) * 2020-03-27 2020-11-17 上海城投瀛洲生活垃圾处置有限公司 Rainwater reposition of redundant personnel collecting system
CN111877510A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-11-03 温州绿瑜建设有限公司 Rainwater collection and recycling system for sponge city

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