CN112607561A - Elevator car - Google Patents

Elevator car Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112607561A
CN112607561A CN202011447103.4A CN202011447103A CN112607561A CN 112607561 A CN112607561 A CN 112607561A CN 202011447103 A CN202011447103 A CN 202011447103A CN 112607561 A CN112607561 A CN 112607561A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
car
elevator car
spring
fixed
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CN202011447103.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
樊宗坦
朱永全
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011447103.4A priority Critical patent/CN112607561A/en
Publication of CN112607561A publication Critical patent/CN112607561A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/02Cages, i.e. cars
    • B66B11/026Attenuation system for shocks, vibrations, imbalance, e.g. passengers on the same side
    • B66B11/0266Passive systems
    • B66B11/0273Passive systems acting between car and supporting frame
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B11/00Main component parts of lifts in, or associated with, buildings or other structures
    • B66B11/02Cages, i.e. cars
    • B66B11/0226Constructional features, e.g. walls assembly, decorative panels, comfort equipment, thermal or sound insulation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66BELEVATORS; ESCALATORS OR MOVING WALKWAYS
    • B66B5/00Applications of checking, fault-correcting, or safety devices in elevators
    • B66B5/28Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips
    • B66B5/284Buffer-stops for cars, cages, or skips mounted on cars or counterweights

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Fluid Mechanics (AREA)
  • Cage And Drive Apparatuses For Elevators (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an elevator car, which comprises a car body, wherein a buffering and damping device is fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower surface of the car body, a car door is connected to the front surface of the car body in a sliding manner, a personnel fixing device is fixedly arranged on the inner side surface of the car body, the personnel fixing device comprises an installation plate fixedly arranged on the inner side surface of the car body, a protection cushion is connected to the middle of the side surface of the installation plate in an adhering manner, a safety belt tightener is fixedly arranged at the position, close to the protection cushion, of two ends of the side surface of the installation plate, and a fixing belt is fixedly connected. The damping device is arranged at the bottom of the carriage body, so that the damping effect is improved, meanwhile, as the hydraulic system bears direct impact, the impact force borne by the spring is correspondingly reduced after being transmitted by the buffer rod and the sliding block, the spring can be protected, the service life of the spring is prolonged, and the problem that the spring needs to be frequently replaced is avoided.

Description

Elevator car
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of elevators, in particular to an elevator car.
Background
Elevator refers to a permanent transportation device serving several specific floors in a building, the car of which runs on at least two rows of rigid rails perpendicular to the horizontal plane or inclined at an angle of less than 15 ° to the vertical, the vertical lift elevator has a car running between at least two rows of rigid guide rails perpendicular or inclined at an angle of less than 15 °, the size and the structural form of which are convenient for passengers to get in and out or load and unload goods, and the elevator is used as a general term for vertical transportation means in a building regardless of the driving mode.
In the process of implementing the invention, the inventor finds that at least the following problems in the prior art are not solved: 1. when faults such as breakage of a traction rope and the like occur in an elevator, the elevator car can have falling risks, and further personnel and property losses are caused, in the damping mode of the elevator car in the prior art, generally, a spring is additionally arranged at the bottom for buffering and damping, after the spring directly receives huge impact force, irreversible deformation is easily caused, the next use effect is influenced, frequent replacement is needed, personnel cannot be well protected when the elevator car falls, and meanwhile, the replacement cost is high due to short service life; 2. the car is at the in-process that drops, because the car itself rocks and with the reason of elevartor shaft collision, inside person of taking takes place collision many times with the car railway carriage or compartment wall easily, and then causes many times of injuries, threatens passenger's life safety.
For this purpose, an elevator car is proposed.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an elevator car, which can utilize a buffer damping device arranged at the bottom of a car body, utilize a hydraulic system consisting of a hydraulic rod, a hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic oil to buffer direct impact transmitted by an impact plate when the car falls to the ground, simultaneously transmit impact force to a spring arranged in a chute through the buffer rod and a sliding block through a support column to buffer, improve the buffer damping effect by utilizing the two-time buffer consisting of the hydraulic system and the spring, simultaneously, because the hydraulic system bears the direct impact, the impact force borne by the spring is correspondingly reduced after being transmitted by the buffer rod and the sliding block, can protect the spring, prolong the service life of the spring, and avoid the problem that the spring needs to be frequently replaced, the invention can utilize a fixing belt, a protective cushion and a safety belt tightener to fix passengers by arranging a personnel fixing device in the car body, the problem that due to the fact that the car shakes and collides with an elevator shaft, the passenger sitting inside the car easily collides with the wall of the car for multiple times, and then injuries are caused for multiple times, and the life safety of passengers is threatened is solved, and the problem that the passenger is put forward in the background technology is solved.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: an elevator car comprises a car body, wherein a buffering and damping device is fixedly mounted in the middle of the lower surface of the car body, a car door is connected to the front surface of the car body in a sliding mode, a personnel fixing device is fixedly mounted on the inner side surface of the car body and comprises a mounting plate fixedly mounted on the inner side surface of the car body, a protection cushion is connected to the middle of the side surface of the mounting plate in an adhering mode, safety belt tighteners are fixedly mounted at the positions, close to the protection cushion, of the two ends of the side surface of the mounting plate, and fixing belts are fixedly connected inside the safety belt tighteners;
the damping device comprises a connecting plate fixedly mounted on the lower surface of a carriage body, a chute is embedded in the middle position of the lower surface of the connecting plate, a spring is fixedly mounted at one end inside the chute, a slider is fixedly mounted at one end of the spring, a buffer rod is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the slider, a support column is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the buffer rod through a hinge, a shock plate is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the support column, four hydraulic rods are fixedly mounted at the edge position of the lower surface of the connecting plate in a rectangular shape, a hydraulic cylinder is connected to the lower end of each hydraulic rod in a sleeved mode, hydraulic oil is filled in the hydraulic cylinder, and the lower end; when the elevator has faults such as breakage of a hauling rope and the like, the elevator car has falling risks and further causes personnel and property loss, the damping mode of the elevator car in the prior art generally adopts a mode of adding a spring at the bottom for buffering and damping, the spring is easy to cause irreversible deformation after being directly subjected to huge impact force, the next using effect is influenced, the elevator car needs to be frequently replaced, people cannot be well protected when the elevator car falls, meanwhile, due to the fact that the service life is short and the replacement cost is high, in the falling process of the elevator car, due to the shaking of the elevator car and the collision with an elevator shaft, the passengers in the elevator car easily collide with the wall of the elevator car for multiple times, further injury is caused for multiple times, the life safety of passengers is threatened, and by arranging a buffering and damping device at the bottom of the elevator car, when the elevator car falls to the ground, the direct impact transmitted from an impact plate is buffered by, the support column simultaneously transmits the impact force to the spring arranged in the chute for buffering through the buffer rod and the slide block, the effect of buffering and shock absorption is improved by utilizing the two-time buffering consisting of the hydraulic system and the spring, simultaneously, because the hydraulic system bears direct impact, the impact force borne by the spring is correspondingly reduced after being transmitted through the buffer rod and the slide block, the spring can be protected, the service life of the spring is prolonged, and the problem that the spring needs to be frequently replaced is solved, through arranging the personnel fixing device in the carriage body, the passenger can be fixed by utilizing the fixing belt, the protection cushion and the safety belt tightener, and the problems that the passenger easily collides with the carriage wall of the carriage for multiple times due to the shaking of the carriage and the collision with the elevator shaft, further, the multiple injuries are caused, and the life safety of the passenger is threatened are solved, the invention is matched with the personnel fixing device, can alleviate the injury that the impact that drops caused when the car railway carriage or compartment body drops, avoid standing shakiness and the railway carriage or compartment body to take place the injury that many times collided and caused, can carry out maximum protection to the person of taking, improve the security performance of elevator.
Preferably, the upper surface intermediate position welded connection of the railway carriage or compartment body has the sedan-chair top support, the sedan-chair top support include with the fixed plate of railway carriage or compartment body fixed connection, the upper surface intermediate position of fixed plate runs through and installs the rectangle frame, the side surface intermediate position fixed mounting of rectangle frame suspends the roof beam in midair, suspend the lower extreme and the fixed plate upper surface fixed connection of roof beam in midair, the fixed plate upper surface is close to the symmetry of suspending the roof beam in midair and is provided with the bolt hole, the position embedding that the fixed plate upper surface is close to the apex angle has been seted up and has.
The during operation, need utilize the sedan-chair top support to be connected the car with the towline, among the prior art, the rope sheave is installed at elevator car top, parts such as ventilating fan, these devices are linked to the car top through sedan-chair top support fixed connection, so the intensity direct influence of sedan-chair top support to the wholeness ability of elevator operation, present majority support structure is complicated, the installation is troublesome, structural design is unreasonable, fix suspending in the midair the roof beam through setting up fixed plate cooperation rectangle frame, the atress that suspends in midair the roof beam is more even, make the car operation process more steady, through the welding block, bolt hole carries out fixed connection to fixed plate and carriage body upper surface, make the connection more firm, and simple structure, high durability and convenient installation.
Preferably, accomodate the inside fixed mounting in groove and have scour protection top-mounting, scour protection top-mounting includes fixed mounting in the limiting plate of accomodating groove one end, fixed surface installs first hinge on the limiting plate, first hinge upper end is rotated and is connected with the telescopic link, the telescopic link side surface is provided with the second hinge, the telescopic link rotates through the second hinge and is connected with the gag lever post, telescopic link upper end fixed mounting has the roof.
The car is when overhauing, maintenance personal can stand at the top of the railway carriage or compartment body, if hit to the shaft top after the car rises, then can cause the threat to maintenance personal's life safety, through setting up scour protection roof device, when overhauing, the staff can turn up the telescopic link through first hinge, then rotate the gag lever post through the second hinge that the telescopic link side surface set up, the gag lever post supports to accomodate the inslot portion and fixes the telescopic link, make the telescopic link be the vertical state, can support the railway carriage or compartment body, prevent to rush to the top, maintenance personal's safety has been protected, and simultaneously, scour protection roof device when not using, can place and accomodate the inslot portion, do not account for the space.
Preferably, the edge position of the lower surface of the fixing plate is provided with four welding blocks in a rectangular distribution manner, and the fixing plate is fixedly welded and connected with the upper surface of the carriage body through the welding blocks.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the fixed plate carries out fixed connection through welding piece, bolt hole pair fixed plate and the solid welded connection of upper surface of the railway carriage or compartment body through welding piece and the solid welded connection of upper surface of the railway carriage or compartment body for it is more firm to connect, and simple structure, simple to operate.
Preferably, the protective cushion is a rubber member, and the fixing strap is an elastic strap member.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the protection cushion is the component of a rubber material, the fixed band is the component of an elastic webbing material, and the protection cushion can carry out the buffer protection to personnel, prevents that personnel from colliding the railway carriage or compartment wall is injured.
Preferably, a vent is arranged in the middle of the upper surface of the carriage body in a penetrating manner, an advertisement column is arranged in the middle of the inner side surface of the carriage body, and a camera is arranged at the upper end of the inner rear surface of the carriage body.
The ventilation opening is arranged in the middle of the upper surface of the compartment body in a penetrating mode, ventilation can be conducted in the compartment body, advertising can be conducted on the advertising column, and operation cost is reduced.
Preferably, a sealing ring is arranged at the connecting position of the hydraulic rod and the hydraulic cylinder, and the sealing ring is a circular ring-shaped structural member made of rubber.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the hookup location of hydraulic stem and pneumatic cylinder is provided with the sealing washer, can improve the leakproofness of the hookup location of hydraulic stem and pneumatic cylinder, guarantees hydraulic system's normal work.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, the buffering and damping device is arranged at the bottom of the carriage body, when the lift car falls to the ground, a hydraulic system consisting of the hydraulic rod, the hydraulic cylinder and hydraulic oil is used for buffering direct impact transmitted from the impact plate, the supporting column also transmits impact force to the spring arranged in the sliding groove through the buffering rod and the sliding block for buffering, and the twice buffering consisting of the hydraulic system and the spring is used for improving the buffering and damping effect.
2. The elevator safety protection device has the advantages that the personnel fixing device is arranged in the elevator car body, so that the fixing belt, the protection cushion and the safety belt tightener can be utilized to fix the passengers, the problems that due to the fact that the elevator car shakes and collides with an elevator shaft, the passengers in the elevator car easily collide with the wall of the elevator car for multiple times, multiple injuries are caused, and the life safety of the passengers is threatened are solved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the interior structure of the compartment according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of a personal fastening device according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a shock absorbing device according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the ceiling mount structure of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of an anti-ejection device of the present invention.
Description of reference numerals:
in the figure: 1. a compartment body; 2. a buffer damping device; 21. a connecting plate; 22. a hydraulic lever; 23. hydraulic oil; 24. a hydraulic cylinder; 25. an impact plate; 26. a support pillar; 27. a spring; 28. a slider; 29. a buffer rod; 210. a chute; 3. a car door; 4. a car roof support; 41. welding the blocks; 42. a fixing plate; 43. bolt holes; 44. a rectangular frame; 46. a suspension beam; 47. a receiving groove; 5. an anti-ejection device; 51. a limiting plate; 52. a first hinge; 53. a limiting rod; 54. a second hinge; 55. a top plate; 56. a telescopic rod; 6. a personnel securing device; 61. mounting a plate; 62. a seat belt retractor; 63. fixing belts; 64. protecting the soft cushion; 7. an advertisement column; 8. a vent; 9. a camera is provided.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 6, the present invention provides an elevator car technical scheme:
an elevator car comprises a car body 1, wherein a buffering and damping device 2 is fixedly installed in the middle of the lower surface of the car body 1, and a car door 3 is connected to the front surface of the car body 1 in a sliding manner;
as shown in fig. 3, a passenger fixing device 6 is fixedly mounted on the inner side surface of the car body 1, the passenger fixing device 6 comprises a mounting plate 61 fixedly mounted on the inner side surface of the car body 1, a protective cushion 64 is adhesively connected to the middle position of the side surface of the mounting plate 61, a seat belt tightener 62 is fixedly mounted at the position close to the protective cushion 64 at the two ends of the side surface of the mounting plate 61, and a fixing strap 63 is fixedly connected to the inside of the seat belt tightener 62;
as shown in fig. 4, the buffering and damping device 2 includes a connecting plate 21 fixedly mounted on the lower surface of the carriage body 1, a sliding groove 210 is embedded in the middle position of the lower surface of the connecting plate 21, a spring 27 is fixedly mounted at one end inside the sliding groove 210, a slider 28 is fixedly mounted at one end of the spring 27, a buffering rod 29 is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the slider 28, a supporting column 26 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the buffering rod 29 through a hinge, an impact plate 25 is fixedly mounted at the bottom end of the supporting column 26, four hydraulic rods 22 are fixedly mounted at the edge position of the lower surface of the connecting plate 21 in a rectangular shape, a hydraulic cylinder 24 is connected to the lower end of the hydraulic rod 22 in a sleeved manner, hydraulic oil 23 is filled inside the hydraulic cylinder 24; when the elevator has faults such as breakage of a hauling rope and the like, the elevator car has falling risks and further causes personnel and property loss, the damping mode of the elevator car in the prior art generally adopts the mode that the spring 27 is additionally arranged at the bottom for damping, the spring 27 is easy to cause irreversible deformation after being directly subjected to huge impact force, the next using effect is influenced, the elevator car needs to be frequently replaced, the elevator car cannot well protect personnel when the elevator car falls, meanwhile, due to the fact that the service life is short and the replacement cost is high, in the falling process of the elevator car, due to the fact that the elevator car shakes and collides with an elevator shaft, the personnel taking the elevator car inside easily collide with the wall of the elevator car for multiple times, further multiple injuries are caused, the life safety of passengers is threatened, and the damping device 2 is arranged at the bottom of the elevator car body 1, when the elevator car falls to the ground, the direct impact transmitted from the impact plate 25 is buffered by utilizing a hydraulic system, the support column 26 simultaneously transmits the impact force to the spring 27 arranged in the chute 210 through the buffer rod 29 and the slide block 28 for buffering, the effect of buffering and shock absorption is improved by utilizing the two-time buffering formed by the hydraulic system and the spring 27, meanwhile, because the hydraulic system bears direct impact, the impact force borne by the spring 27 is correspondingly reduced after being transmitted through the buffer rod 29 and the slide block 28, the spring 27 can be protected, the service life of the spring 27 is prolonged, the problem that the spring 27 needs to be frequently replaced is avoided, through arranging the personnel fixing device 6 in the compartment body 1, the passenger can be fixed by utilizing the fixing belt 63, the protection cushion 64 and the safety belt retractor 62, the problems that the passenger easily collides with the compartment wall of the compartment for multiple times due to the shaking of the compartment and the collision with an elevator shaft, the passenger easily collides with the compartment wall of the compartment for multiple times, further causes multiple injuries and thre, according to the elevator safety protection device, the buffering and damping device 2 is matched with the personnel fixing device 6, so that when the car body 1 of the elevator car falls, the damage caused by falling impact can be reduced, the damage caused by repeated collision between unstable standing and the car body 1 can be avoided, the personnel can be protected to the greatest extent, and the safety performance of the elevator is improved.
As an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 5, a car roof support 4 is welded to a middle position of an upper surface of the car body 1, the car roof support 4 includes a fixing plate 42 fixedly connected to the car body 1, a rectangular frame 44 is installed at a middle position of an upper surface of the fixing plate 42 in a penetrating manner, a suspension beam 46 is fixedly installed at a middle position of a side surface of the rectangular frame 44, a lower end of the suspension beam 46 is fixedly connected to an upper surface of the fixing plate 42, bolt holes 43 are symmetrically arranged at positions of the upper surface of the fixing plate 42 close to the suspension beam 46, and a receiving groove 47 is formed at a position of the upper surface of the fixing plate 42 close to a vertex angle in an embedded; the during operation, need utilize sedan-chair top support 4 to be connected the car with the towline, among the prior art, the rope sheave is installed at the elevator car top, parts such as ventilating fan, these devices are linked to the car top through sedan-chair top support 4 fixed connection, so sedan-chair top support 4's intensity direct influence elevator operation's wholeness ability, present most supporting structure is complicated, the troublesome poeration, structural design is unreasonable, suspend roof beam 46 in the midair through setting up fixed plate 42 cooperation rectangle frame 44 and fix, roof beam 46's atress is more even, make the car operation process more steady, through welded block 41, bolt hole 43 carries out fixed connection to fixed plate 42 and the 1 upper surface of the railway carriage body, make the connection more firm, and simple structure, and convenient installation.
As an embodiment of the present invention, as shown in fig. 6, an anti-ejection device 5 is fixedly installed inside the receiving groove 47, the anti-ejection device 5 includes a limit plate 51 fixedly installed at one end of the receiving groove 47, a first hinge 52 is fixedly installed on the upper surface of the limit plate 51, an expansion link 56 is rotatably connected to the upper end of the first hinge 52, a second hinge 54 is arranged on the side surface of the expansion link 56, the expansion link 56 is rotatably connected to a limit rod 53 through the second hinge 54, and a top plate 55 is fixedly installed at the upper end of the expansion link 56; the car is when overhauing, maintenance personal can stand at the top of the railway carriage or compartment body 1, if hit to the shaft top after the car rises, then can cause the threat to maintenance personal's life safety, through setting up scour protection top mounted device 5, when overhauing, the staff can rotate telescopic link 56 through first hinge 52, then rotate gag lever post 53 through second hinge 54 that telescopic link 56 side surface set up, gag lever post 53 supports to accomodate the inside fixed telescopic link 56 that is fixed of groove 47, make telescopic link 56 be the vertical state, can support the railway carriage or compartment body 1, prevent to rush to the top, maintenance personal's safety has been protected, and simultaneously, scour protection top mounted device 5 when not using, can place and accomodate inside groove 47, do not account for the space.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 5, four welding blocks 41 are distributed and installed at the edge of the lower surface of the fixing plate 42 in a rectangular shape, and the fixing plate 42 is fixedly welded to the upper surface of the compartment 1 through the welding blocks 41.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, fixed plate 42 carries out fixed connection through weld block 41, bolt hole 43 to fixed plate 42 and the firm welded connection of upper surface of the railway carriage or compartment body 1 through weld block 41 with the railway carriage or compartment body 1 for it is more firm to connect, and simple structure, simple to operate.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 3, the protective pad 64 is a rubber member, and the fixing band 63 is an elastic band member.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, protection cushion 64 is the component of a rubber material, fixed band 63 is the component of an elastic band material, and protection cushion 64 can cushion the protection to the personnel, and it is injured to prevent that personnel from colliding the railway carriage or compartment wall.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 2, a vent 8 is formed in the middle of the upper surface of the carriage body 1 in a penetrating manner, an advertisement column 7 is arranged in the middle of the inner side surface of the carriage body 1, and a camera 9 is arranged at the upper end of the inner rear surface of the carriage body 1.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the upper surface intermediate position of the railway carriage or compartment body 1 runs through and has seted up vent 8, can ventilate in the railway carriage or compartment body 1, and advertising column 7 can carry out the advertisement and put in, reduces the operation cost, and camera 9 can record a video in the railway carriage or compartment body 1.
Specifically, as shown in fig. 4, a sealing ring is disposed at a connection position between the hydraulic rod 22 and the hydraulic cylinder 24, and the sealing ring is an annular structural member made of rubber.
Through adopting above-mentioned technical scheme, the hookup location of hydraulic stem 22 and pneumatic cylinder 24 is provided with the sealing washer, can improve the leakproofness of the hookup location of hydraulic stem 22 and pneumatic cylinder 24, guarantees hydraulic system's normal work.
The working principle is as follows: according to the invention, the buffering and damping device 2 is arranged at the bottom of the carriage body 1, when the car falls to the ground, a hydraulic system consisting of the hydraulic rod 22, the hydraulic cylinder 24 and the hydraulic oil 23 is used for buffering direct impact transmitted from the impact plate 25, the supporting column 26 also transmits impact force to the spring 27 arranged in the sliding groove 210 through the buffering rod 29 and the sliding block 28 for buffering, the effect of buffering and damping is improved by using two times of buffering consisting of the hydraulic system and the spring 27, meanwhile, because the hydraulic system bears direct impact, the impact force received by the spring 27 is correspondingly reduced after being transmitted through the buffering rod 29 and the sliding block 28, the spring 27 can be protected, the service life of the spring 27 is prolonged, the problem that the spring 27 needs to be frequently replaced is solved, and through the personnel fixing device 6 arranged in the carriage body 1, a passenger can be fixed by using the fixing belt 63, the protective soft cushion 64 and the safety belt, the elevator safety protection device has the advantages that the problems that due to the fact that a car shakes and collides with an elevator shaft, passengers inside the elevator easily collide with the wall of the car for multiple times, multiple injuries are caused, and the life safety of passengers is threatened are solved.
The using method comprises the following steps: when the elevator car is used, firstly, the car roof support 4 is fixedly connected with a hoisting rope through the suspension beam 46, then, the welding block 41 on the car roof support 4 is welded with the upper surface of the car body 1, then, the fixing plate 42 is fixedly connected with the upper surface of the car body 1 through the bolt hole 43, after the car roof support 4 is installed, the car can be normally used, when the hoisting rope is broken and the car falls to the ground, the direct impact transmitted by the impact plate 25 is buffered by using a hydraulic system consisting of the hydraulic rod 22, the hydraulic cylinder 24 and the hydraulic oil 23, the supporting column 26 simultaneously transmits the impact force to the spring 27 arranged in the chute 210 through the buffer rod 29 and the slide block 28 for buffering, the buffering and shock-absorbing effects are improved by using the two times of buffering formed by the hydraulic system and the spring 27, and meanwhile, because the hydraulic system bears the direct impact, the impact force borne by the spring 27 is transmitted by the, The slider 28 will correspondingly reduce after transmitting, can protect spring 27, the life of spring 27 has been prolonged, the problem that spring 27 needs often to be changed has been avoided, through set up personnel fixing device 6 inside the railway carriage or compartment body 1, can utilize fixed band 63, protection cushion 64 and safety belt tightener 62 to fix the passenger, avoided because the rocking of car itself reaches the reason with the elevartor shaft collision, inside passenger easily takes place many times with the car railway carriage or compartment wall and collides, and then causes many times of injuries, threaten passenger's life safety's problem.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. An elevator car, includes the railway carriage or compartment body (1), its characterized in that: the safety belt retractor is characterized in that a buffering and damping device (2) is fixedly mounted in the middle of the lower surface of the carriage body (1), a car door (3) is connected to the front surface of the carriage body (1) in a sliding mode, a personnel fixing device (6) is fixedly mounted on the inner side surface of the carriage body (1), the personnel fixing device (6) comprises a mounting plate (61) fixedly mounted on the inner side surface of the carriage body (1), a protective cushion (64) is connected to the middle of the side surface of the mounting plate (61) in an adhering mode, a safety belt retractor (62) is fixedly mounted at the position, close to the protective cushion (64), of the two ends of the side surface of the mounting plate (61), and a fixing belt (;
the buffer damping device (2) comprises a connecting plate (21) fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the carriage body (1), a sliding groove (210) is embedded in the middle of the lower surface of the connecting plate (21), a spring (27) is fixedly arranged at one end in the sliding chute (210), a sliding block (28) is fixedly arranged at one end of the spring (27), the bottom end of the sliding block (28) is fixedly provided with a buffer rod (29), the bottom end of the buffer rod (29) is fixedly connected with a supporting column (26) through a hinge, the bottom end of the supporting column (26) is fixedly provided with an impact plate (25), the edge position of the lower surface of the connecting plate (21) is fixedly provided with four hydraulic rods (22) in a rectangular shape, the lower end of the hydraulic rod (22) is connected with a hydraulic cylinder (24) in a sleeved mode, hydraulic oil (23) is filled in the hydraulic cylinder (24), the lower end of the hydraulic cylinder (24) is fixedly connected with the edge of the upper surface of the impact plate (25).
2. An elevator car as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the utility model discloses a sedan-chair top support, including the upper surface intermediate position welded connection of the railway carriage or compartment body (1), sedan-chair top support (4) include with the railway carriage or compartment body (1) fixed connection's fixed plate (42), the upper surface intermediate position of fixed plate (42) runs through and installs rectangle frame (44), the side surface intermediate position fixed mounting of rectangle frame (44) suspends roof beam (46) in midair, suspend the lower extreme and fixed plate (42) upper surface fixed connection of roof beam (46) in midair, fixed plate (42) upper surface is close to the symmetry that suspends roof beam (46) in midair and is provided with bolt hole (43), fixed plate (42) upper surface is close to the position embedding of apex angle and has been seted up and has been accomodate groove (.
3. An elevator car as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: accomodate inside fixed mounting in groove (47) and have scour protection top-mounting (5), scour protection top-mounting (5) include fixed mounting in the limiting plate (51) of accomodating groove (47) one end, fixed surface installs first hinge (52) on limiting plate (51), first hinge (52) upper end is rotated and is connected with telescopic link (56), telescopic link (56) side surface is provided with second hinge (54), telescopic link (56) are rotated through second hinge (54) and are connected with gag lever post (53), telescopic link (56) upper end fixed mounting has roof (55).
4. An elevator car as claimed in claim 2, characterized in that: the edge position of the lower surface of the fixing plate (42) is provided with four welding blocks (41) in a rectangular distribution manner, and the fixing plate (42) is fixedly welded and connected with the upper surface of the carriage body (1) through the welding blocks (41).
5. An elevator car as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the protective soft pad (64) is a component made of rubber, and the fixing strap (63) is a component made of elastic strap.
6. An elevator car as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the improved refrigerator van is characterized in that a vent (8) penetrates through the middle position of the upper surface of the van body (1), an advertising column (7) is arranged in the middle position of the inner side surface of the van body (1), and a camera (9) is arranged at the upper end of the inner rear surface of the van body (1).
7. An elevator car as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: and a sealing ring is arranged at the connecting position of the hydraulic rod (22) and the hydraulic cylinder (24), and the sealing ring is a circular structural member made of rubber.
CN202011447103.4A 2020-12-08 2020-12-08 Elevator car Pending CN112607561A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113636426A (en) * 2021-08-06 2021-11-12 江苏施塔德电梯有限公司 Passenger protection device for elevator
CN114030966A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-02-11 徐非凡 Multiple protection device for coping with roof impact condition of car elevator

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CN210064823U (en) * 2019-06-19 2020-02-14 浙江奥玛电梯有限公司 Buffer protection device for elevator
CN210854841U (en) * 2019-09-20 2020-06-26 徐昱阳 Elevator cab overhauls safety protection equipment
CN211009725U (en) * 2019-12-12 2020-07-14 常州市顺昌电梯部件有限公司 Buffering and damping device for guide shoe of elevator car
CN211225928U (en) * 2019-03-08 2020-08-11 施密特电梯有限公司 Wisdom city elevator damping device for building

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105565118A (en) * 2015-10-10 2016-05-11 石晓燕 Elevator safety belt
WO2017071080A1 (en) * 2015-10-28 2017-05-04 中国矿业大学 Miner safety protection device and method for vertical shaft elevator cage accident prevention
CN205500527U (en) * 2016-03-26 2016-08-24 刘亚莉 Elevator car of high security
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113636426A (en) * 2021-08-06 2021-11-12 江苏施塔德电梯有限公司 Passenger protection device for elevator
CN114030966A (en) * 2021-11-24 2022-02-11 徐非凡 Multiple protection device for coping with roof impact condition of car elevator

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