CN112607437B - Packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism - Google Patents

Packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112607437B
CN112607437B CN202110037529.0A CN202110037529A CN112607437B CN 112607437 B CN112607437 B CN 112607437B CN 202110037529 A CN202110037529 A CN 202110037529A CN 112607437 B CN112607437 B CN 112607437B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
support
storage box
lifting
translation
box
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CN202110037529.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112607437A (en
Inventor
潘宇力
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Jiangsu Golden Apple Display Products Co ltd
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Jiangsu Golden Apple Display Products Co ltd
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Priority to CN202110037529.0A priority Critical patent/CN112607437B/en
Publication of CN112607437A publication Critical patent/CN112607437A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/30Stacking of articles by adding to the bottom of the stack
    • B65G57/301Stacking of articles by adding to the bottom of the stack by means of reciprocatory or oscillatory lifting and holding or gripping devices
    • B65G57/302Stacking of articles by adding to the bottom of the stack by means of reciprocatory or oscillatory lifting and holding or gripping devices added articles being lifted to substantially stationary grippers or holders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/88Separating or stopping elements, e.g. fingers
    • B65G47/8807Separating or stopping elements, e.g. fingers with one stop
    • B65G47/883Fixed stop
    • B65G47/8838Fixed stop with a linearly movable pusher element which lifts or releases the article

Abstract

The invention discloses a stacking and stacking mechanism for packing boxes, and belongs to the field of packing processing mechanical equipment. According to the invention, the storage box feeding support, the storage box stacking support and the storage box discharging support are sequentially and fixedly arranged along the horizontal conveying direction of a packing box, a plurality of front conveying box rotating rollers are sequentially and rotatably connected to the front conveying box support on the upper side of the storage box feeding support along the horizontal direction, the lifting adjusting mechanism, the box clamping fixing mechanism and the storage box lifting mechanism are sequentially and fixedly arranged on the storage box stacking support from top to bottom along the vertical direction, and a plurality of rear conveying box rotating rollers are sequentially and rotatably connected to the rear conveying box support on the upper side of the storage box discharging support along the horizontal direction. The stacking device has reasonable structural design, can efficiently and stably stack the packing boxes with various dimensions in sequence, is reliable in operation, can ensure the stacking efficiency and quality of the packing boxes, improves the stacking automation degree of the packing boxes, and meets the requirements of production and use.

Description

Packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of packaging processing mechanical equipment, and particularly relates to a stacking and stacking mechanism for packaging boxes, which is mainly applied to continuous stacking and processing of the packaging boxes.
Background
The packing box is mainly used for packing and transporting articles, can be convenient for transporting, loading, unloading, storing and storing the articles, mainly comprises a wooden packing box and a paper packing box, in the specific use process, a proper packing box can be selected for packing according to the characteristics of the transported or loaded articles, the packing box can not be opened during the production, packing and transportation in the industrial production process, and because of the convenience and the aesthetic property of the use, the function in our production and life is more and more important, the product is packaged by the packaging box, the product is more convenient to carry, the conveying efficiency is improved, the packing box can protect the product, so that the product is not damaged in the carrying process, the storage and transportation quality of the product is improved, after in storing the packing box with product in proper order, need utilize transport mechanism to convey the packing box for the packing box can seal the box in proper order and paste operation such as mark in data send process. The packing box piles up the pile up neatly at the warehousing and transportation in-process need with the packing box for the packing box can be placed on the tray according to required sequence, and the transport of fork truck of being convenient for, current packing box piles up and adopts artifical manual transport to realize, and workman intensity of labour is big and pile up inefficiency, very easily causes the damage of turning on one's side of packing box in the transport stacking process of packing box. In order to realize the fast and efficient stacking of the packing boxes, the existing production enterprises also commonly adopt a stacking mechanism to stack and process the packing boxes, the existing stacking mechanism mainly comprises a frame part, a stacking part, a box clamping part and a roller way part, the box clamping part is used for clamping and fixing the packing boxes, the stacking part comprises a plurality of driving motors, the plurality of driving motors are used for driving the stacking part to respectively carry out lifting motion and translation motion, the stacking part can drive the box clamping part to synchronously carry out lifting and translation, thereby realizing the stacking and processing of the packing boxes, the stacking mechanism has a complex structure and is troublesome to use, in the actual use process, because the lifting motion and the translation motion of the stacking part are required to be realized, the multi-motor driving easily causes high use cost and easy failure, and the packing boxes are required to be lifted, transported and translated and conveyed, so that the stacking efficiency of the packing boxes is low, the requirement of scale production processing is difficult to satisfy, consequently for the problem that the packing box produced at the actual in-process that piles up, needs novel stacking mechanism to realize the packing box high efficiency and piles up processing.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the technical problem of overcoming the defects in the prior art, and provides the packing box stacking and stacking mechanism which is reasonable in structural design, can efficiently and stably stack packing boxes with various dimensions in sequence, is reliable in operation, can ensure the stacking efficiency and quality of the packing boxes, improves the stacking automation degree of the packing boxes, and meets the production and use requirements.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the utility model provides a packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism which characterized in that: packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism includes storage tank feeding support, storage tank pile up support, storage tank elevating system, presss from both sides case fixed establishment, lift adjustment mechanism and storage tank ejection of compact support, storage tank feeding support, storage tank pile up support and storage tank ejection of compact support and fix the setting in proper order along the horizontal direction of transfer of packing box, storage tank feeding support upside level is fixed and is provided with preceding case support of passing, passes on the case support in the front and rotates in proper order along the horizontal direction and be connected with many preceding case commentaries on classics roller, lift adjustment mechanism, press from both sides case fixed establishment and storage tank elevating system and from last to fixing in proper order in storage tank pile up support down along vertical direction, storage tank ejection of compact support upside level is fixed and is provided with the back case support of passing, passes on the case support in the back and rotates in proper order along the horizontal direction and is connected with many back case commentaries on classics rollers of passing, storage tank elevating system includes storage tank lifting support, storage tank bearing support, storage tank, The box moving motor, the upper moving block cylinder and the lower moving block cylinder are arranged on the lower side of the storage box stacking support in a horizontally fixed mode, the storage box bearing support is horizontally arranged on the upper side of the storage box lifting support, the upper side of the storage box bearing support is sequentially and rotatably connected with a plurality of storage box bearing rotating rollers along the horizontal direction, the end parts of the storage box bearing rotating rollers are vertically and fixedly provided with storage box conveying chain wheels, one side of the storage box bearing support is horizontally provided with a storage box conveying chain which is sequentially meshed and connected with the storage box conveying chain wheels at the end parts of the storage box bearing rotating rollers, the box moving motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the storage box bearing support, the box moving motor drives the storage box bearing rotating rollers to rotate, two lower moving channels are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged on the two sides above the storage box lifting support, and lower moving guide blocks are arranged in the lower moving channels in the horizontal direction in a sliding mode, the middle parts of two sides above the storage box lifting support are respectively and horizontally fixedly provided with a lower moving block cylinder, the lower moving block cylinder is horizontally arranged between two lower translation channels, the lower moving block cylinder is a double-piston rod cylinder, the output ends of two sides of the lower moving block cylinder are respectively and fixedly connected with the lower translation guide blocks at two sides, two sides below the storage box supporting support are respectively and horizontally fixedly provided with two upper translation channels, the upper translation guide blocks are arranged in the upper translation channels in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the middle parts of two sides below the storage box supporting support are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with an upper moving block cylinder, the upper moving block cylinder is horizontally arranged between the two upper translation channels, the upper moving block cylinder is a double-piston rod cylinder, the output ends of two sides of the upper moving block cylinder are respectively and fixedly connected with the upper translation guide blocks at two sides, the lower translation channels and the upper translation channels are vertically and correspondingly and fixedly arranged, and a connecting plate lifting transverse shaft is horizontally arranged between the storage box supporting support and the storage box lifting support, the two ends of the lifting cross shaft of the connecting plate are respectively and rotatably connected with two lifting rotating connecting plates, the two lifting rotating connecting plates are arranged in a mutually crossed manner, the upper end and the lower end of each lifting rotating connecting plate are respectively and hingedly connected with an upper translation guide block and a lower translation guide block, the lifting adjusting mechanism comprises a reciprocating rotating disc, a reciprocating rotating gear, a translation reciprocating cylinder, a translation adjusting guide plate, a reciprocating rotating guide wheel and a lifting traction pull rope, the middle part of the upper side of the storage box stacking support is vertically and rotatably connected with a reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft, the reciprocating rotating disc is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the upper side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft, the end part of the lower side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating rotating gear, a rack translation support is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the storage box stacking support on one side of the reciprocating rotating gear, and a reciprocating translation rack which is engaged and connected with the reciprocating rotating gear is arranged in the rack translation support in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the translation reciprocating cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the rack translation support, the output end of the translation reciprocating cylinder is fixedly connected with the end part of one side of the reciprocating translation rack, the two sides above the storage box stacking support are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating translation guide rail, the two sides above the storage box stacking support are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically provided with a translation adjusting guide plate, the translation adjusting guide plates are arranged on the reciprocating translation guide rails in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically provided with a reciprocating translation connecting rod between the two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc and the translation adjusting guide plates at the two sides of the storage box stacking support, the two ends of the reciprocating translation connecting rod are respectively and hingedly connected with the translation adjusting guide plate and the reciprocating rotating disc, the hinged connection positions of the reciprocating translation connecting rod and the reciprocating rotating disc at the two sides above the storage box stacking support are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically arranged at the two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc along the reciprocating rotating disc, and guide wheel rotating supports are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged at the two sides above the storage box stacking support, a guide wheel reciprocating rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the guide wheel rotating support, reciprocating rotating guide wheels are vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of the guide wheel reciprocating rotating shaft respectively, a translation traction pull ring is fixedly arranged on each of two sides above the translation adjusting guide plate respectively, two lifting traction pull ropes are symmetrically arranged on each of two sides above the storage box stacking support respectively, the lifting traction pull ropes are wound on the reciprocating rotating guide wheels, the upper end parts of the lifting traction pull ropes are fixedly connected with the translation traction pull rings, the storage box clamping fixing mechanism comprises a lifting adjusting guide plate, a storage box clamping fixing plate, a storage box clamping connecting rod and a storage box clamping push plate cylinder, lifting adjusting guide grooves are vertically arranged on two sides of the storage box stacking support respectively, lifting adjusting guide plates are vertically and symmetrically arranged on two sides above the storage box stacking support respectively, the lifting adjusting guide plates are arranged in the lifting adjusting guide grooves in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, and traction lifting pull plates are horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper sides of the lifting adjusting guide plates, the two sides above the traction lifting pulling plate are respectively and fixedly provided with a lifting traction pulling ring, the lower end part of the lifting traction pulling rope is fixedly connected with the lifting traction pulling ring, the clamping box fixing plate is vertically arranged on one side of the lifting adjusting guide plate, the clamping box fixing plate and the storage box bearing rotary roller are mutually vertical, the upper end and the lower end of the clamping box fixing plate along the side of the lifting adjusting guide plate are respectively provided with two clamping box connecting rods in parallel, the two ends of each clamping box connecting rod are respectively hinged with the clamping box fixing plate and the lifting adjusting guide plate, the two sides above the storage tank stacking support are respectively symmetrically provided with a tank clamping push plate cylinder, the tank clamping push plate cylinders are obliquely and downwards arranged between the lifting adjusting guide plate and the tank clamping fixing plate, the tail ends of the tank clamping push plate cylinders are hinged to the lifting adjusting guide plate, the output ends of the tank clamping push plate cylinders are hinged to the middle of the upper side of the tank clamping fixing plate, and the storage tank stacking support on the lower side of the lifting adjusting guide plate is provided with a limiting fixing mechanism; a box moving motor on one side of the storage box supporting bracket is a servo motor; the upper moving block cylinders on two sides below the storage box supporting bracket and the lower moving block cylinders on two sides above the storage box lifting bracket are driven in parallel by the same air source; a pull rope guide groove matched with the size of the lifting traction pull rope is arranged on a reciprocating rotating guide wheel of the lifting adjusting mechanism; the lifting traction pull rope of the lifting adjusting mechanism is a steel wire pull rope; a box clamping toothed plate is vertically and fixedly arranged on the surface of the box clamping fixed plate on the two sides of the storage box stacking support; spacing fixed establishment includes lift adjustment pinion rack, spacing fixed bolster, spacing rotating gear and flat push cylinder, the vertical fixed lift adjustment pinion rack that is provided with in lift adjustment baffle downside middle part, the storage tank piles up the fixed spacing fixed bolster that is provided with of support both sides difference level, and the vertical rotation is connected with the spacing rotating gear who is connected with the lift adjustment pinion rack meshing on the spacing fixed bolster, is provided with the rotation spacing pinion rack with spacing rotating gear looks adaptation on the spacing fixed bolster, rotates spacing pinion rack downside tip articulated connection in spacing fixed bolster, rotates and is provided with between spacing pinion rack upper end and the spacing fixed bolster and pulls the extension spring, spacing fixed bolster one side level is fixed and is provided with the flat push cylinder, and flat push cylinder output level rotates and is connected with the push pedal pinch roller.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages and effects: the invention has reasonable structural design, a plurality of front conveying box rotating rollers are sequentially and rotatably connected on a front conveying box bracket along the horizontal direction, a lifting adjusting mechanism, a box clamping fixing mechanism and a storage box lifting mechanism are sequentially and fixedly arranged on a storage box stacking bracket along the vertical direction from top to bottom, a plurality of rear conveying box rotating rollers are sequentially and rotatably connected on a rear conveying box bracket along the horizontal direction, a plurality of front conveying box rotating rollers are utilized to stably convey the packing boxes along the horizontal direction, a storage box lifting mechanism is utilized to lift the packing boxes upwards along the vertical direction to the box clamping fixing mechanism, the box clamping fixing mechanism is utilized to stably and firmly clamp and fix the packing boxes, sequential stacking processing of a plurality of packing boxes is realized, the storage box lifting mechanism can also stably convey the sequentially stacked packing boxes to the upper sides of the plurality of rear conveying box rotating rollers of the rear conveying box bracket, and synchronous conveying of the sequentially stacked packing boxes is realized, the lifting adjusting mechanism is used for lifting and adjusting the box clamping fixing mechanism along the vertical direction, so that packing boxes suitable for various dimensions can be stably stacked, the storage box supporting bracket is horizontally arranged on the upper side of the storage box lifting bracket, the upper side of the storage box supporting bracket is sequentially and rotatably connected with a plurality of storage box supporting rotating rollers along the horizontal direction, a storage box conveying chain is sequentially meshed and connected with storage box conveying chain wheels at the end parts of the storage box supporting rotating rollers, a box moving motor is used for driving the storage box supporting rotating rollers to rotate, so that the packing boxes can perform translational motion along the storage box supporting rotating rollers, a box moving motor is used as a servo motor, so that the stable and accurate translational feeding and translational discharging of the packing boxes can be realized, a lower translational guide block is arranged in the lower translational channel along the horizontal direction in a sliding manner, the output ends at two sides of a lower translational block air cylinder are respectively and fixedly connected with the lower translational guide blocks at two sides, and an upper translational guide block is arranged in the upper translational channel along the horizontal direction in a sliding manner, the output ends of the two sides of the upward moving block cylinder are respectively fixedly connected with the upward translation guide blocks of the two sides, the two ends of the connecting plate lifting cross shaft between the storage box bearing support and the storage box lifting support are respectively and rotatably connected with two lifting rotating connecting plates, the two lifting rotating connecting plates are arranged in a mutually crossed manner, the upper end and the lower end of each lifting rotating connecting plate are respectively and hingedly connected with the upward translation guide block and the lower translation guide block, the upward moving block cylinder and the downward moving block cylinder synchronously run to ensure that the storage box bearing support can stably and accurately perform lifting motion along the vertical direction, so that the packaging box can be efficiently lifted along the vertical direction, the upward moving block cylinders on the two sides below the storage box bearing support and the downward moving block cylinders on the two sides above the storage box lifting support are driven by the same air source in parallel connection, the storage box bearing support can keep the horizontal position to perform lifting motion along the vertical direction, and box clamping fixing plates are respectively and vertically and symmetrically arranged on the two sides above the storage box stacking support, the two clamping box connecting rods are respectively arranged in parallel at the upper end and the lower end of the side of the lifting adjusting guide plate on the clamping box fixing plate, the clamping box push plate cylinders at the two sides above the storage box stacking support are obliquely and downwards arranged between the lifting adjusting guide plate and the clamping box fixing plate, the clamping box push plate cylinders at the two sides of the storage box stacking support are used for synchronously pushing the clamping box fixing plates at the two sides of the storage box stacking support, so that the two sides of the storage box are clamped and fixed by using the clamping box fixing plate, a clamping box toothed plate is vertically and fixedly arranged on the surface of the clamping box fixing plate, so that the clamping box fixing plate can firmly clamp and fix the storage box, by using the storage box, the first storage box is upwards lifted along the vertical direction by the lifting mechanism, the clamping box fixing mechanism clamps and fixes the first storage box, after the lifting mechanism descends along the vertical direction, the second storage box on the front conveying box rotating roller is translated to the upper side of the storage box lifting mechanism, and the first storage box is released by the clamping box fixing mechanism, the first packing box falls onto the second packing box, the first packing box and the second packing box which are stacked together are synchronously lifted by the storage box lifting mechanism, the second packing box is clamped and fixed by the box clamping and fixing mechanism, the actions are continuously carried out in a circulating way, so that a plurality of packing boxes are sequentially stacked and placed, the end part of the lower side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the upper side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft, the reciprocating rotating gear is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the lower side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft, the reciprocating translation rack which is meshed and connected with the reciprocating rotating gear is arranged in the rack translation bracket in a sliding way along the horizontal direction, the output end of the translation reciprocating cylinder is fixedly connected with the end part of one side of the reciprocating translation rack, the reciprocating translation cylinder is used for pushing the reciprocating translation rack to carry out reciprocating translation motion, so that the reciprocating rotating disk can stably rotate, and the reciprocating translation guide rails are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged at the two sides above the storage box stacking bracket, the translation adjusting guide plate is arranged on the reciprocating translation guide rail in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, a reciprocating translation connecting rod is arranged between two sides of the reciprocating rotation disc and the translation adjusting guide plates on two sides of the storage tank stacking support respectively, the translation adjusting guide plate can be pushed to perform translation motion by the reciprocating translation connecting rod by utilizing the rotation of the reciprocating rotation disc, reciprocating rotation guide wheels are vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of a reciprocating rotation shaft through guide wheels respectively, a lifting traction pull rope is wound on the reciprocating rotation guide wheels, the upper end part of the lifting traction pull rope is fixedly connected with a translation traction pull ring on the upper side of the translation adjusting guide plate, the lifting adjusting guide plate is arranged on a lifting adjusting guide groove of the storage tank stacking support in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, a traction lifting pull plate is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the lifting adjusting guide plate, the lower end part of the lifting traction pull rope is fixedly connected with the lifting traction pull ring of the traction pull plate, so that the translation adjusting guide plate can drive the lifting adjusting guide plate to perform translation motion by the lifting traction pull rope, the lifting traction pull rope of the lifting adjustment mechanism is a steel wire pull rope, so that the deformation of the pull rope in the use process of the lifting traction pull rope can be avoided, the lifting adjustment guide plates at two sides of the storage box stacking support can always carry out lifting adjustment storage boxes with the same height along the vertical direction, the stacking support at the lower side of the lifting adjustment guide plates is provided with a limiting fixing mechanism, and the limiting fixing mechanism can be used for stably and firmly limiting and fixing after the clamping box fixing mechanism is adjusted to a required position along the vertical direction, the packing box is firmly and efficiently clamped and fixed, the lifting adjusting toothed plate is vertically and fixedly arranged at the middle part of the lower side of the lifting adjusting guide plate, the limiting rotary gear meshed and connected with the lifting adjusting toothed plate is vertically and rotatably connected to the limiting fixed support, the rotating limiting toothed plate matched with the limiting rotary gear is arranged on the limiting fixed support, a traction tension spring is arranged between the upper end of the rotating limiting toothed plate and the limiting fixed support, the output end of the horizontal pushing cylinder is horizontally and rotatably connected with a pushing plate pinch roller, the horizontal pushing cylinder is utilized to drive the pushing plate pinch roller to horizontally perform translational motion, so that the rotating limiting toothed plate can be rotated in a reciprocating manner, when the rotating limiting toothed plate is meshed and connected with the limiting rotary gear, the limiting locking and fixing of the lifting adjusting toothed plate along the vertical direction can be ensured, the limiting and fixing of the clamping box fixing mechanism to a required use position can be realized, and the structure is reasonable in design, can be high-efficient steady pile up the packing box of multiple dimensions in proper order, the operation is reliable and can ensure that the packing box piles up efficiency and quality, improves the packing box and piles up degree of automation, satisfies the needs of plant use.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a left side view schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a left side view schematically showing the structure of the tank elevating mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the lifting adjustment mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic top view of the lift adjusting mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a front view schematically showing the structure of the clip case fixing mechanism of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a front view of the fixing mechanism of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a storage box feeding support, 2 a storage box stacking support, 3 a storage box lifting mechanism, 4 a storage box clamping fixing mechanism, 5 a storage box clamping fixing mechanism, 6 a storage box discharging support, 7 a front transmission box support, 8 a front transmission box rotating roller, 9 a rear transmission box support, 10 a rear transmission box rotating roller, 11 a storage box lifting support, 12 a storage box supporting support, 13 a box moving motor, 14 an upper moving block cylinder, 15 a lower moving block cylinder, 16 a storage box supporting rotating roller, 17 a storage box transmission chain wheel, 18 a storage box transmission chain, 19 a lower translation channel, 20 a lower translation guide block, 21 an upper translation channel, 22 an upper translation guide block, 23 a connecting plate lifting transverse shaft, 24 a lifting rotating connecting plate, 25 a reciprocating rotating disc, 26 a reciprocating rotating gear, 27 a reciprocating cylinder, 28. a translation adjusting guide plate, 29 reciprocating rotation guide wheels, 30 lifting traction pull ropes, 31 reciprocating adjusting rotating shafts, 32 rack translation brackets, 33 reciprocating translation racks, 34 reciprocating translation guide rails, 35 reciprocating translation connecting rods, 36 guide wheel rotating brackets, 37 guide wheel reciprocating rotating shafts, 38 translation traction pull rings, 39 lifting adjusting guide plates, 40 clamping box fixing plates, 41 clamping box connecting rods, 42 clamping box push plate cylinders, 43 lifting adjusting guide grooves, 44 traction lifting pull plates, 45 lifting traction pull rings, 46 limiting fixing mechanisms, 47 pull rope guide grooves, 48 clamping toothed plates, 49 lifting adjusting toothed plates, 50 limiting fixing brackets, 51 limiting rotating gears, 52 horizontal pushing cylinders, 53 rotating limiting toothed plates, 54 traction tension springs, 55. and (4) pushing the plate to press the wheel.
Detailed Description
To further illustrate the present invention, a specific embodiment of a packing box palletizing and stacking mechanism is further illustrated below with reference to the accompanying drawings, and the following embodiment is illustrative of the present invention and the present invention is not limited to the following embodiment.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the packing box stacking mechanism of the present invention comprises a storage box feeding support 1, a storage box stacking support 2, a storage box lifting mechanism 3, and a box clamping fixing mechanism 4, the lifting adjusting mechanism 5 and the storage box discharging support 6 are sequentially and fixedly arranged along the horizontal conveying direction of a packing box, a front conveying box support 7 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the storage box feeding support 1, a plurality of front conveying box rotating rollers 8 are sequentially and rotatably connected to the front conveying box support 7 along the horizontal direction, the lifting adjusting mechanism 5, the box clamping fixing mechanism 4 and the storage box lifting mechanism 3 are sequentially and fixedly arranged on the storage box stacking support 2 from top to bottom along the vertical direction, a rear conveying box support 9 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the storage box discharging support 6, and a plurality of rear conveying box rotating rollers 10 are sequentially and rotatably connected to the rear conveying box support 9 along the horizontal direction. As shown in fig. 3, the storage tank lifting mechanism 3 of the present invention comprises a storage tank lifting support 11, a storage tank supporting support 12, a tank moving motor 13, an upper shifting cylinder 14 and a lower shifting cylinder 15, wherein the storage tank lifting support 11 is horizontally and fixedly disposed at the lower side of the storage tank stacking support 12, the storage tank supporting support 12 is horizontally disposed at the upper side of the storage tank lifting support 11, the upper side of the storage tank supporting support 12 is sequentially and rotatably connected with a plurality of storage tank supporting rotating rollers 16 along the horizontal direction, a storage tank conveying sprocket 17 is vertically and fixedly disposed at the end of each storage tank supporting rotating roller 16, a storage tank conveying chain 18 is horizontally disposed at one side of the storage tank supporting support 12, the storage tank conveying chain 18 is sequentially and meshingly connected with the storage tank conveying sprocket 17 at the end of each storage tank supporting rotating roller 16, the tank moving motor 13 is horizontally and fixedly disposed at one side of the storage tank supporting support 12, the storage tank supporting rotating rollers 16 are driven by the tank moving motor 13, two lower shifting channels 19 are horizontally and fixedly disposed at two sides above the storage tank lifting support 11, a lower translation guide block 20 is arranged in the lower translation channel 19 in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, lower translation guide blocks 15 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged in the middle parts of two sides above the storage box lifting support 11, the lower translation guide blocks 15 are horizontally arranged between the two lower translation channels 19, the lower translation guide blocks 15 are double-piston rod cylinders, output ends of two sides of the lower translation guide blocks 15 are respectively and fixedly connected with the lower translation guide blocks 20 at two sides, two upper translation channels 21 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged at two sides below the storage box supporting support 12, upper translation guide blocks 22 are arranged in the upper translation channels 21 in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, upper translation guide blocks 14 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged in the middle parts of two sides below the storage box supporting support 12, the upper translation guide blocks 14 are horizontally arranged between the two upper translation channels 21, the upper translation guide blocks 14 are double-piston rod cylinders, output ends of two sides of the upper translation guide blocks 14 are respectively and fixedly connected with the upper translation guide blocks 22 at two sides, the lower translation channel 19 and the upper translation channel 21 are vertically and correspondingly fixed, a connecting plate lifting transverse shaft 23 is horizontally arranged between the storage box bearing support 12 and the storage box lifting support 11, two lifting rotary connecting plates 24 are respectively and rotatably connected to the end parts of the two sides of the connecting plate lifting transverse shaft 23, the two lifting rotary connecting plates 24 are mutually crossed, and the upper end and the lower end of each lifting rotary connecting plate 24 are respectively and fixedly connected to the upper translation guide block 22 and the lower translation guide block 20.
As shown in fig. 4 and 5, the lifting adjusting mechanism 5 of the present invention comprises a reciprocating rotary disk 25, a reciprocating rotary gear 26, a translational reciprocating cylinder 27, a translational adjusting guide plate 28, a reciprocating rotary guide wheel 29 and a lifting pulling rope 30, wherein the upper middle part of the storage tank stacking support 2 is vertically and rotatably connected with a reciprocating adjusting rotary shaft 31, the reciprocating rotary disk 25 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper end part of the reciprocating adjusting rotary shaft 31, the lower end part of the reciprocating adjusting rotary shaft 31 is horizontally and fixedly provided with the reciprocating rotary gear 26, the storage tank stacking support 2 at one side of the reciprocating rotary gear 26 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a rack translation support 32, a reciprocating translational rack 33 meshed with the reciprocating rotary gear 26 is horizontally and slidably arranged in the rack translation support 32, the translational reciprocating cylinder 27 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the rack translation reciprocating support 32, the output end of the translational reciprocating cylinder 27 is fixedly connected with the end part at one side of the reciprocating translational rack 33, two sides above the storage tank stacking support 2 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating translation guide rail 34, two sides above the storage tank stacking support 2 are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically provided with a translation adjusting guide plate 28, the translation adjusting guide plates 28 are arranged on the reciprocating translation guide rails 34 in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, a reciprocating translation connecting rod 35 is arranged between two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc 25 and the translation adjusting guide plates 28 on two sides of the storage tank stacking support 2 respectively, two ends of the reciprocating translation connecting rod 35 are respectively and hingedly connected with the translation adjusting guide plates 28 and the reciprocating rotating disc 25, the hinged connection positions of the reciprocating translation connecting rods 35 on two sides above the storage tank stacking support 2 and the reciprocating rotating disc 25 are respectively and radially and symmetrically arranged on two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc 25 along the reciprocating rotating disc 25, two sides above the storage tank stacking support 2 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with guide wheel rotating supports 36, and guide wheel reciprocating rotating shafts 37 are horizontally and rotatably connected on the guide wheel rotating supports 36, the two sides of the guide wheel reciprocating rotating shaft 37 are respectively and vertically fixedly provided with a reciprocating rotating guide wheel 29, the two sides above the translation adjusting guide plate 28 are respectively and fixedly provided with a translation traction pull ring 38, the two sides above the storage tank stacking support 2 are respectively and symmetrically provided with two lifting traction pull ropes 30, the lifting traction pull ropes 30 are wound on the reciprocating rotating guide wheel 29, and the end part of the upper side of each lifting traction pull rope 30 is fixedly connected with the translation traction pull ring 38. As shown in FIG. 6, the clamping box fixing mechanism 4 of the present invention comprises a lifting adjusting guide plate 39, a clamping box fixing plate 40, clamping box connecting rods 41 and a clamping box push plate cylinder 42, wherein two sides of the storage box stacking support 2 are respectively vertically provided with a lifting adjusting guide groove 43, two sides above the storage box stacking support 2 are respectively vertically and symmetrically provided with a lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 is slidably arranged in the lifting adjusting guide groove 43 along the vertical direction, the upper side of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 is horizontally and fixedly provided with a traction lifting pull plate 44, two sides above the traction lifting pull plate 44 are respectively and fixedly provided with a lifting traction pull ring 45, the lower end of the lifting traction pull rope 30 is fixedly connected with the lifting traction pull ring 45, the clamping box fixing plate 40 is vertically arranged on one side of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the clamping box fixing plate 40 and the storage box rotating roller 16 are arranged vertically to each other, the clamping box fixing plate 40 is respectively provided with two clamping box connecting rods 41 in parallel along the upper and lower ends of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the two ends of the box clamping connecting rod 41 are respectively hinged to the box clamping fixing plate 40 and the lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the two sides of the upper portion of the storage box stacking support 2 are respectively symmetrically provided with a box clamping push plate cylinder 42, the box clamping push plate cylinder 42 is obliquely and downwards arranged between the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 and the box clamping fixing plate 40, the tail end of the box clamping push plate cylinder 42 is hinged to the lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the output end of the box clamping push plate cylinder 42 is hinged to the middle of the upper side of the box clamping fixing plate 40, and the storage box stacking support 2 on the lower side of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 is provided with a limiting fixing mechanism 46.
The box moving motor 13 on one side of the storage box supporting bracket 12 is a servo motor, so that the stable and accurate translational feeding and translational discharging of the packing box can be realized. The upper moving block air cylinders 14 on two sides below the storage tank supporting bracket 12 and the lower moving block air cylinders 15 on two sides above the storage tank lifting bracket 11 are driven in parallel by the same air source, so that the storage tank supporting bracket 12 can keep a horizontal position to perform lifting movement in the vertical direction. The reciprocating rotating guide wheel 29 of the lifting adjusting mechanism 5 is provided with a pull rope guide groove 47 matched with the lifting traction pull rope 30 in size, so that the lifting traction pull rope 30 can accurately and smoothly slide back and forth along the pull rope guide groove 47 of the reciprocating rotating guide wheel 29. The lifting traction rope 30 of the lifting adjusting mechanism 5 is a steel wire rope, so that the deformation of the lifting traction rope 30 in the use process can be avoided, and the lifting adjusting guide plates 39 on the two sides of the storage tank stacking support 2 can be ensured to be capable of carrying out lifting adjustment with the same height along the vertical direction all the time. The surface of the clamping box fixing plate 40 at two sides of the storage box stacking support 2 is vertically and fixedly provided with a clamping box toothed plate 48, so that the clamping box fixing plate 40 can firmly clamp and fix the packing box. As shown in fig. 7, the limiting and fixing mechanism 46 of the present invention comprises a lifting adjusting toothed plate 49, a limiting and fixing bracket 50, a limiting rotating gear 51 and a pushing cylinder 52, wherein the lifting adjusting toothed plate 49 is vertically and fixedly arranged at the middle of the lower side of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the limiting and fixing brackets 50 are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged at both sides of the storage tank stacking bracket 2, the limiting and fixing bracket 50 is vertically and rotatably connected with the limiting rotating gear 51 engaged with the lifting adjusting toothed plate 49, the limiting and fixing bracket 50 is provided with a rotating limiting toothed plate 53 adapted to the limiting rotating gear 51, the lower end of the rotating limiting toothed plate 53 is hinged to the limiting and fixing bracket 50, a traction tension spring 54 is arranged between the upper end of the rotating limiting toothed plate 53 and the limiting and fixing bracket 50, one side of the limiting and fixing bracket 50 is horizontally and fixedly provided with the pushing cylinder 52, the output end of the pushing cylinder 52 is horizontally and rotatably connected with a pushing plate pinch roller 55, utilize flat push cylinder 52 to drive push pedal pinch roller 55 level and carry out the translation motion, enable to realize rotating spacing pinion rack 53 and carry out reciprocating motion, when rotating spacing pinion rack 53 and spacing rotating gear 51 meshing and be connected, make and to ensure that lift adjustment pinion rack 49 is fixed along the spacing locking of vertical direction, realize pressing from both sides the spacing fixing of case fixed establishment 4 to required position of use, realize that the firm efficient of packing box presss from both sides tightly fixedly.
By adopting the technical scheme, when the packing box stacking and stacking mechanism is used, a plurality of front conveying box rotating rollers 8 are sequentially and rotatably connected on a front conveying box support 7 along the horizontal direction, the lifting adjusting mechanism 5, the clamping box fixing mechanism 4 and the storage box lifting mechanism 3 are sequentially and fixedly arranged on the storage box stacking support 2 along the vertical direction from top to bottom, a plurality of rear conveying box rotating rollers 10 are sequentially and rotatably connected on a rear conveying box support 9 along the horizontal direction, the packing boxes can be stably conveyed along the horizontal direction by utilizing the plurality of front conveying box rotating rollers 8, the packing boxes can be lifted upwards to the clamping box fixing mechanism 4 along the vertical direction by utilizing the storage box lifting mechanism 3, the packing boxes can be stably and firmly clamped and fixed by utilizing the clamping box fixing mechanism 4, the sequential stacking processing of the plurality of packing boxes is realized, the storage box lifting mechanism 3 can also stably convey the sequentially stacked plurality of packing boxes to the upper sides of the plurality of rear conveying box rotating rollers 10 of the rear conveying box support 9, realize the synchronous transmission of a plurality of packing boxes which are stacked in sequence, utilize the lifting adjusting mechanism 5 to lift and adjust the box clamping fixing mechanism 4 along the vertical direction, ensure that the packing boxes which are suitable for various sizes and specifications are stably stacked, horizontally arrange at the upper side of the storage box lifting bracket 11 through the storage box bearing bracket 12, sequentially rotate and connect with a plurality of storage box bearing rotating rollers 16 along the horizontal direction at the upper side of the storage box bearing bracket 12, sequentially mesh and connect with storage box transmission chain wheels 17 at the end parts of the plurality of storage box bearing rotating rollers 16, utilize the box shifting motor 13 to drive the storage box bearing rotating rollers 16 to rotate, ensure that the packing boxes can carry out translational motion along the storage box bearing rotating rollers 16, utilize the box shifting motor 13 as a servo motor, ensure that the stable and accurate translational feeding and translational discharging of the packing boxes can be realized, and a lower translational guide block 20 is arranged in the lower translational channel 19 along the horizontal direction in a sliding way, the output ends of the two sides of the lower shifting block cylinder 15 are respectively fixedly connected with the lower translation guide blocks 20 of the two sides, the upper translation guide blocks 22 are arranged in the upper translation channel 21 in a sliding mode along the horizontal direction, the output ends of the two sides of the upper shifting block cylinder 14 are respectively fixedly connected with the upper translation guide blocks 22 of the two sides, the end parts of the two sides of the connecting plate lifting transverse shaft 23 between the storage box bearing support 12 and the storage box lifting support 11 are respectively and rotatably connected with two lifting rotating connecting plates 24, the two lifting rotating connecting plates 24 are arranged in a mutually crossed mode, the upper end and the lower end of each lifting rotating connecting plate 24 are respectively and hingedly connected with the upper translation guide blocks 22 and the lower translation guide blocks 20, the upper shifting block cylinder 14 and the lower shifting block cylinder 15 are used for synchronous operation, the storage box bearing support 12 can stably and accurately perform lifting motion along the vertical direction, the packaging box can be efficiently lifted along the vertical direction, and the lower shifting block cylinders 14 of the two sides below the storage box bearing support 12 and the lower shifting block cylinders 15 of the two sides above the storage box lifting support 11 are driven in parallel mode by the same gas source Moving to ensure that the storage box supporting bracket 12 can keep a horizontal position to perform vertical lifting movement, two sides above the storage box stacking bracket 2 are respectively vertically and symmetrically provided with a clamping box fixing plate 40, the clamping box fixing plate 40 is respectively provided with two clamping box connecting rods 41 in parallel along the upper end and the lower end of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 side, clamping box push plate cylinders 42 at two sides above the storage box stacking bracket 2 are obliquely and downwards arranged between the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 and the clamping box fixing plate 40, the clamping box push plate cylinders 42 at two sides of the storage box stacking bracket 2 are used for synchronously pushing the clamping box fixing plates 40 at two sides of the storage box stacking bracket 2, so that two sides of a packaging box can be clamped and fixed by using the clamping box fixing plates 40, a clamping box toothed plate 48 is vertically and fixedly arranged on the surface of the clamping box fixing plate 40, the clamping box fixing plate 40 can be used for firmly clamping and fixing the packaging box, and by using the mechanism, the storage box lifting mechanism 3 can lift the first packaging box upwards along the vertical direction, the first packing box is clamped and fixed by the clamping box fixing mechanism 4, after the storage box lifting mechanism 3 descends along the vertical direction, the second packing box on the front conveying box rotating roller 8 is translated to the upper side of the storage box lifting mechanism 3, the first packing box is loosened by the clamping box fixing mechanism 4 to fall onto the second packing box, the first packing box and the second packing box which are stacked together are synchronously lifted by the storage box lifting mechanism 3, the second packing box is clamped and fixed by the clamping box fixing mechanism 4, the actions are continuously carried out in a circulating way to enable a plurality of packing boxes to be sequentially stacked, the reciprocating rotating disc 25 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the upper side end part of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft 31, the reciprocating rotating gear 26 is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the lower side end part of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft 25, the reciprocating translation rack 33 meshed and connected with the reciprocating rotating gear 26 is arranged in the rack translation support 32 along the horizontal direction in a sliding way, the output end of the translation reciprocating cylinder 27 is fixedly connected with one side end part of a reciprocating translation rack 33, the translation reciprocating cylinder 27 is used for pushing the reciprocating translation rack 33 to perform reciprocating translation motion, so that the reciprocating rotating disc 25 can stably rotate, reciprocating translation guide rails 34 are respectively and fixedly arranged on two sides above the storage tank stacking support 2 horizontally, the translation adjusting guide plates 28 are arranged on the reciprocating translation guide rails 34 in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, reciprocating translation connecting rods 35 are arranged between two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc 25 and the translation adjusting guide plates 28 on two sides of the storage tank stacking support 2 respectively, the translation adjusting guide plates 28 can be pushed to perform translation motion by the reciprocating translation connecting rods 35 through the rotation of the reciprocating rotating disc 25, reciprocating rotation guide wheels 29 are respectively and fixedly arranged on two sides of a guide wheel reciprocating rotating shaft 37 vertically, and a lifting traction rope 30 is wound on the reciprocating rotation guide wheels 29, the upper end part of the lifting traction pull rope 20 is fixedly connected with a translation traction pull ring 38 on the upper side of the translation adjusting guide plate 28, the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 is arranged on a lifting adjusting guide groove 43 of the storage tank stacking support 2 in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, a traction lifting pull plate 44 is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper side of the lifting adjusting guide plate 39, the lower end part of the lifting traction pull rope 30 is fixedly connected with a lifting traction pull ring 45 of the traction lifting traction pull plate 44, so that the translation movement of the translation adjusting guide plate 28 can drive the lifting adjusting guide plate 39 to move through the lifting traction pull rope 30, the box clamping fixing mechanism 4 can be conveniently and accurately lifted and adjusted along the vertical direction, the vertical position of the box clamping fixing mechanism 4 can be accurately adjusted according to the height dimension specification of the packing boxes, a plurality of packing boxes can be continuously and sequentially stacked, and a pull rope guide groove 47 matched with the lifting traction pull rope 30 in size is arranged on the reciprocating rotation guide wheel 29, the lifting traction pull rope 30 of the lifting traction pull rope 30 is a steel wire pull rope, the lifting traction pull rope 30 of the lifting adjustment mechanism 5 is prevented from generating pull rope deformation in the using process, the lifting adjustment guide plates 39 on two sides of the storage box stacking support 2 can be ensured to carry out lifting adjustment with the same height along the vertical direction all the time, the storage box stacking support 2 on the lower side of the lifting adjustment guide plate 39 is provided with a limiting fixing mechanism 46, the limiting fixing mechanism 46 is used for enabling the stable and firm limiting fixation after the clamping box fixing mechanism 4 is adjusted to a required position along the vertical direction, the firm and efficient clamping and fixing of a packaging box are realized, the lifting adjustment toothed plate 49 is vertically and fixedly arranged in the middle of the lower side of the lifting adjustment guide plate 39, and the limiting rotation gear 51 meshed and connected with the lifting adjustment toothed plate 49 is vertically and rotatably connected on the limiting fixing support 50, be provided with on the spacing fixed bolster 50 and rotate spacing pinion rack 53 with spacing rotating gear 51 looks adaptation, it pulls extension spring 54 to rotate to be provided with between spacing fixed bolster 50 the upper end of spacing pinion rack 53, the horizontal rotation of 52 output ends of flat push cylinder is connected with push pedal pinch roller 55, utilize flat push cylinder 52 to drive push pedal pinch roller 55 level and carry out translational motion, the messenger can realize rotating spacing pinion rack 53 and carry out reciprocating rotation, when rotating spacing pinion rack 53 and spacing rotating gear 51 meshing connection, the messenger can ensure that the spacing locking of lift adjustment pinion rack 49 along vertical direction is fixed, realize 4 spacing fixes to required position of use of double-layered case fixed establishment. Through the structure, the stacking machine is reasonable in structural design, can efficiently and stably stack the packing boxes with various dimensions in sequence, is reliable in operation, can ensure the stacking efficiency and quality of the packing boxes, improves the stacking automation degree of the packing boxes, and meets the requirements of production and use.
The above description of the present invention is intended to be illustrative. Various modifications, additions and substitutions for the specific embodiments described may be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention as defined in the accompanying claims.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides a packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism which characterized in that: packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism includes storage tank feeding support, storage tank pile up support, storage tank elevating system, presss from both sides case fixed establishment, lift adjustment mechanism and storage tank ejection of compact support, storage tank feeding support, storage tank pile up support and storage tank ejection of compact support and fix the setting in proper order along the horizontal direction of transfer of packing box, storage tank feeding support upside level is fixed and is provided with preceding case support of passing, passes on the case support in the front and rotates in proper order along the horizontal direction and be connected with many preceding case commentaries on classics roller, lift adjustment mechanism, press from both sides case fixed establishment and storage tank elevating system and from last to fixing in proper order in storage tank pile up support down along vertical direction, storage tank ejection of compact support upside level is fixed and is provided with the back case support of passing, passes on the case support in the back and rotates in proper order along the horizontal direction and is connected with many back case commentaries on classics rollers of passing, storage tank elevating system includes storage tank lifting support, storage tank bearing support, storage tank, The box moving motor, the upper moving block cylinder and the lower moving block cylinder are arranged on the lower side of the storage box stacking support in a horizontally fixed mode, the storage box bearing support is horizontally arranged on the upper side of the storage box lifting support, the upper side of the storage box bearing support is sequentially and rotatably connected with a plurality of storage box bearing rotating rollers along the horizontal direction, the end parts of the storage box bearing rotating rollers are vertically and fixedly provided with storage box conveying chain wheels, one side of the storage box bearing support is horizontally provided with a storage box conveying chain which is sequentially meshed and connected with the storage box conveying chain wheels at the end parts of the storage box bearing rotating rollers, the box moving motor is horizontally and fixedly arranged on one side of the storage box bearing support, the box moving motor drives the storage box bearing rotating rollers to rotate, two lower moving channels are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged on the two sides above the storage box lifting support, and lower moving guide blocks are arranged in the lower moving channels in the horizontal direction in a sliding mode, the middle parts of two sides above the storage box lifting support are respectively and horizontally fixedly provided with a lower moving block cylinder, the lower moving block cylinder is horizontally arranged between two lower translation channels, the lower moving block cylinder is a double-piston rod cylinder, the output ends of two sides of the lower moving block cylinder are respectively and fixedly connected with the lower translation guide blocks at two sides, two sides below the storage box supporting support are respectively and horizontally fixedly provided with two upper translation channels, the upper translation guide blocks are arranged in the upper translation channels in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the middle parts of two sides below the storage box supporting support are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with an upper moving block cylinder, the upper moving block cylinder is horizontally arranged between the two upper translation channels, the upper moving block cylinder is a double-piston rod cylinder, the output ends of two sides of the upper moving block cylinder are respectively and fixedly connected with the upper translation guide blocks at two sides, the lower translation channels and the upper translation channels are vertically and correspondingly and fixedly arranged, and a connecting plate lifting transverse shaft is horizontally arranged between the storage box supporting support and the storage box lifting support, the two ends of the lifting cross shaft of the connecting plate are respectively and rotatably connected with two lifting rotating connecting plates, the two lifting rotating connecting plates are arranged in a mutually crossed manner, the upper end and the lower end of each lifting rotating connecting plate are respectively and hingedly connected with an upper translation guide block and a lower translation guide block, the lifting adjusting mechanism comprises a reciprocating rotating disc, a reciprocating rotating gear, a translation reciprocating cylinder, a translation adjusting guide plate, a reciprocating rotating guide wheel and a lifting traction pull rope, the middle part of the upper side of the storage box stacking support is vertically and rotatably connected with a reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft, the reciprocating rotating disc is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the upper side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft, the end part of the lower side of the reciprocating adjusting rotating shaft is horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating rotating gear, a rack translation support is horizontally and fixedly arranged on the storage box stacking support on one side of the reciprocating rotating gear, and a reciprocating translation rack which is engaged and connected with the reciprocating rotating gear is arranged in the rack translation support in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the translation reciprocating cylinder is horizontally and fixedly arranged at the end part of the rack translation support, the output end of the translation reciprocating cylinder is fixedly connected with the end part of one side of the reciprocating translation rack, the two sides above the storage box stacking support are respectively and horizontally and fixedly provided with a reciprocating translation guide rail, the two sides above the storage box stacking support are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically provided with a translation adjusting guide plate, the translation adjusting guide plates are arranged on the reciprocating translation guide rails in a sliding manner along the horizontal direction, the two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically provided with a reciprocating translation connecting rod between the two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc and the translation adjusting guide plates at the two sides of the storage box stacking support, the two ends of the reciprocating translation connecting rod are respectively and hingedly connected with the translation adjusting guide plate and the reciprocating rotating disc, the hinged connection positions of the reciprocating translation connecting rod and the reciprocating rotating disc at the two sides above the storage box stacking support are respectively and horizontally and symmetrically arranged at the two sides of the reciprocating rotating disc along the reciprocating rotating disc, and guide wheel rotating supports are respectively and horizontally and fixedly arranged at the two sides above the storage box stacking support, a guide wheel reciprocating rotating shaft is horizontally and rotatably connected to the guide wheel rotating support, reciprocating rotating guide wheels are vertically and fixedly arranged on two sides of the guide wheel reciprocating rotating shaft respectively, a translation traction pull ring is fixedly arranged on each of two sides above the translation adjusting guide plate respectively, two lifting traction pull ropes are symmetrically arranged on each of two sides above the storage box stacking support respectively, the lifting traction pull ropes are wound on the reciprocating rotating guide wheels, the upper end parts of the lifting traction pull ropes are fixedly connected with the translation traction pull rings, the storage box clamping fixing mechanism comprises a lifting adjusting guide plate, a storage box clamping fixing plate, a storage box clamping connecting rod and a storage box clamping push plate cylinder, lifting adjusting guide grooves are vertically arranged on two sides of the storage box stacking support respectively, lifting adjusting guide plates are vertically and symmetrically arranged on two sides above the storage box stacking support respectively, the lifting adjusting guide plates are arranged in the lifting adjusting guide grooves in a sliding manner along the vertical direction, and traction lifting pull plates are horizontally and fixedly arranged on the upper sides of the lifting adjusting guide plates, the two sides above the traction lifting pulling plate are respectively and fixedly provided with a lifting traction pulling ring, the lower end part of the lifting traction pulling rope is fixedly connected with the lifting traction pulling ring, the clamping box fixing plate is vertically arranged on one side of the lifting adjusting guide plate, the clamping box fixing plate and the storage box bearing rotary roller are mutually vertical, the upper end and the lower end of the clamping box fixing plate along the side of the lifting adjusting guide plate are respectively provided with two clamping box connecting rods in parallel, the two ends of each clamping box connecting rod are respectively hinged with the clamping box fixing plate and the lifting adjusting guide plate, the two sides above the storage tank stacking support are respectively symmetrically provided with a tank clamping push plate cylinder, the tank clamping push plate cylinders are obliquely and downwards arranged between the lifting adjusting guide plate and the tank clamping fixing plate, the tail ends of the tank clamping push plate cylinders are hinged to the lifting adjusting guide plate, the output ends of the tank clamping push plate cylinders are hinged to the middle of the upper side of the tank clamping fixing plate, and the storage tank stacking support on the lower side of the lifting adjusting guide plate is provided with a limiting fixing mechanism;
a box moving motor on one side of the storage box supporting bracket is a servo motor;
the upper moving block cylinders on two sides below the storage box supporting bracket and the lower moving block cylinders on two sides above the storage box lifting bracket are driven in parallel by the same air source;
a pull rope guide groove matched with the size of the lifting traction pull rope is arranged on a reciprocating rotating guide wheel of the lifting adjusting mechanism;
the lifting traction pull rope of the lifting adjusting mechanism is a steel wire pull rope;
a box clamping toothed plate is vertically and fixedly arranged on the surface of the box clamping fixed plate on the two sides of the storage box stacking support;
spacing fixed establishment includes lift adjustment pinion rack, spacing fixed bolster, spacing rotating gear and flat push cylinder, the vertical fixed lift adjustment pinion rack that is provided with in lift adjustment baffle downside middle part, the storage tank piles up the fixed spacing fixed bolster that is provided with of support both sides difference level, and the vertical rotation is connected with the spacing rotating gear who is connected with the lift adjustment pinion rack meshing on the spacing fixed bolster, is provided with the rotation spacing pinion rack with spacing rotating gear looks adaptation on the spacing fixed bolster, rotates spacing pinion rack downside tip articulated connection in spacing fixed bolster, rotates and is provided with between spacing pinion rack upper end and the spacing fixed bolster and pulls the extension spring, spacing fixed bolster one side level is fixed and is provided with the flat push cylinder, and flat push cylinder output level rotates and is connected with the push pedal pinch roller.
CN202110037529.0A 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 Packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism Active CN112607437B (en)

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CN202110037529.0A CN112607437B (en) 2020-02-17 2020-02-17 Packing box pile up neatly stacking mechanism

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