CN112551390A - Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment - Google Patents

Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112551390A
CN112551390A CN202011534695.3A CN202011534695A CN112551390A CN 112551390 A CN112551390 A CN 112551390A CN 202011534695 A CN202011534695 A CN 202011534695A CN 112551390 A CN112551390 A CN 112551390A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
support
lifting
plate
shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011534695.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王梅
Original Assignee
王梅
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 王梅 filed Critical 王梅
Priority to CN202011534695.3A priority Critical patent/CN112551390A/en
Publication of CN112551390A publication Critical patent/CN112551390A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/18Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes
    • B66C23/20Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures
    • B66C23/208Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes specially adapted for use in particular purposes with supporting couples provided by walls of buildings or like structures with supporting couples provided from the side, e.g. by walls of buildings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/62Constructional features or details
    • B66C23/72Counterweights or supports for balancing lifting couples
    • B66C23/74Counterweights or supports for balancing lifting couples separate from jib
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66CCRANES; LOAD-ENGAGING ELEMENTS OR DEVICES FOR CRANES, CAPSTANS, WINCHES, OR TACKLES
    • B66C23/00Cranes comprising essentially a beam, boom, or triangular structure acting as a cantilever and mounted for translatory of swinging movements in vertical or horizontal planes or a combination of such movements, e.g. jib-cranes, derricks, tower cranes
    • B66C23/88Safety gear
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/12Driving gear incorporating electric motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/14Power transmissions between power sources and drums or barrels
    • B66D1/24Power transmissions between power sources and drums or barrels for varying speed or reversing direction of rotation of drums or barrels, i.e. variable ratio or reversing gearing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/26Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans having several drums or barrels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D5/00Braking or detent devices characterised by application to lifting or hoisting gear, e.g. for controlling the lowering of loads
    • B66D5/32Detent devices
    • B66D5/34Detent devices having latches
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus

Abstract

The invention relates to a lifting device, in particular to a material lifting device convenient to assemble and used for building decoration. The invention aims to provide a convenient-to-assemble building decoration material lifting device which ensures safety by double lifting ropes, is convenient to fix indoors, and prevents falling. The technical scheme is as follows: a convenient-to-assemble material lifting device for building decoration comprises a bottom plate, a supporting wall, a first supporting plate, a supporting frame, a first supporting rod, a second supporting rod, a bearing box, a control mechanism, a conversion mechanism and the like; the knee joint support structure comprises a support wall, a first support plate, two support frames and a base plate, wherein the support wall is fixedly arranged on one side of the base plate, the first support plate is fixedly arranged on one side of the base plate, which is far away from the support wall, and the two support frames are fixedly arranged on two sides of the first support plate. The lifting device has the advantages that the double lifting ropes are adopted to lift materials, and compared with manual lifting of building materials, the safety and stability of the lifting mechanism are improved, and the safety of workers is guaranteed.

Description

Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to a lifting device, in particular to a material lifting device convenient to assemble and used for building decoration.
Background
The building material can be divided into structural material, decorative material and some special material, the structural material includes timber, bamboo, stone, cement, concrete, metal, brick and tile, ceramic, glass, engineering plastics, composite material, etc.; the decorative material comprises various coatings, paints, plating layers, veneers, ceramic tiles with various colors, glass with special effects and the like; the special material is used for water proofing, moisture proofing, corrosion prevention, fire prevention, flame retardance, sound insulation, heat preservation, sealing and the like.
Need use a large amount of materials during building decoration, so just need carry the material, the house is decorated now and is mostly gone up the material that needs the use of fitment through artifical transport, decorate in higher and not having the building of elevator, can only go up the material transport through the manual work, the in-process of transport has very big probably to make people be injured, need use a large amount of materials during the decoration, carry completely through the manual work and need use a large amount of manpowers, and materials handling's efficiency is lower, if artifical with the rope to upstairs transport, the number is difficult enough to come off midway and takes place danger, it is troublesome also can cause unnecessary if the rope has been broken, so can prolong the time of fitment, and still need rest a period after the artifical transport, very waste time.
Therefore, the anti-falling material lifting device for building decoration, which is convenient to assemble and ensures safety by double lifting ropes and is convenient to fix indoors, needs to be researched and developed urgently.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to overcome the defects that manual carrying needs a large amount of manpower, material carrying efficiency is low, and midway falling is easy to cause danger, and provides a convenient-to-assemble material lifting device for building decoration, which ensures safety by double lifting ropes and is convenient for indoor fixing.
The technical scheme is as follows: the utility model provides a material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment, comprising a base plate, the knee wall, first backup pad, the support frame, first bracing piece, second bracing piece and bearing box, knee wall fixed mounting is in one side of bottom plate, first backup pad fixed mounting is in one side of keeping away from the knee wall of bottom plate, two support frame fixed mounting are in the both sides of first bracing piece, first bracing piece fixed mounting is between two support frames, second bracing piece fixed mounting is in the intermediate position of first bracing piece, one side fixed connection of second bracing piece and first bracing piece, one side at first bracing piece is fixed mounting to two bearing box, still including: the control mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side of the second support rod, the switching mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the control mechanism, of the second support rod, the switching mechanism is connected with the control mechanism in a sliding mode, the hoisting mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side, far away from the switching mechanism, of the second support rod, and the replacing mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the hoisting mechanism, of the second support rod.
As an improvement of the scheme, the control mechanism comprises a second supporting plate, a motor, a speed change mechanism, first belt wheels, first belts, a third supporting plate, a rotary drum and a steel wire rope, the second supporting plate is fixedly installed on one side of the second supporting rod, the motor is fixedly installed on the second supporting plate, the third supporting plate is fixedly installed on one side, close to the second supporting plate, of the second supporting rod, the speed change mechanism is fixedly installed on the third supporting plate, one first belt wheel is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the motor, the other first belt wheel is fixedly installed on the speed change mechanism, the first belts are wound on the two first belt wheels, the two rotary drums are fixedly installed at the middle position of the third supporting plate, and the steel wire rope is wound at the middle position of.
The improvement of above-mentioned scheme, speed change mechanism is including first axostylus axostyle, first spur gear, the second axostylus axostyle, third spur gear and fourth spur gear, first axostylus axostyle rotates to be installed in the third backup pad, first spur gear fixed mounting is on first axostylus axostyle, second spur gear fixed mounting is in one side that is close to first spur gear of first axostylus axostyle, the second axostylus axostyle rotates to be installed in one side that is close to first axostylus axostyle of third backup pad, third spur gear fixed mounting is in one side that is close to first spur gear of second axostylus axostyle, third spur gear and first spur gear meshing, fourth spur gear fixed mounting is in one side that is close to the second spur gear of second axost.
As an improvement of the scheme, the switching mechanism comprises a third shaft rod, first clamping blocks, second belt wheels, a second belt and clamping mechanisms, the third shaft rod is rotatably installed on one side, far away from the second shaft rod, of the third supporting plate, the first clamping blocks are fixedly installed at one end, close to the rotary drum, of the third shaft rod, one second belt wheel is fixedly installed on one side, close to the first clamping blocks, of the third shaft rod, the other second belt wheel is fixedly installed on the replacing mechanism, the second belt is wound on the two second belt wheels, and the two clamping mechanisms are fixedly installed on two sides of the third supporting plate respectively.
As the improvement of the scheme, the clamping mechanism comprises a rotary table, a baffle, a clamping column, a third supporting rod, a sliding column and a spring, wherein one rotary table is fixedly arranged at one side of the third shaft rod, the other rotary table is fixedly arranged at one side of the second shaft rod, the baffle is rotatably arranged at one side of the third supporting plate, the baffle is matched and connected with the rotary table, the clamping column is fixedly arranged at one side of the baffle, the third supporting rod is fixedly arranged at one side of the third supporting plate, the sliding column is in sliding connection with one side of the third supporting rod, the sliding column is in contact with the baffle, one end of the spring is fixedly arranged at one side of the sliding column, and the other end of the spring.
As an improvement of the scheme, the hoisting mechanism comprises a fourth supporting plate, a sliding rail, a fourth supporting rod, chain wheels, a chain, a fifth supporting plate, fixed pulleys, movable pulleys, a lifting hook, connecting rods, a rotating rod and a rotating wheel, wherein the fourth supporting plate is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the bottom plate, of the second supporting rod, the sliding rail is slidably arranged at one side of the fourth supporting plate, the fourth supporting rod is rotatably arranged at one side of the sliding rail, one chain wheel is fixedly arranged at one side of the fourth supporting rod, the other chain wheel is arranged on the replacing mechanism, the chain is wound on the two chain wheels, the two fifth supporting plates are fixedly arranged at one side of the sliding rail, the two groups of fixed pulleys are rotatably arranged on one fifth supporting plate, the two groups of movable pulleys are connected with the fixed pulleys through steel wire ropes, the other fifth supporting plate is rotatably connected with the movable pulleys, the lifting hook is, the rotating rod is rotatably arranged on one of the pair of connecting rods, the rotating wheel is fixedly arranged on the rotating rod, and the middle section of the steel wire rope is wound on the rotating wheel.
As an improvement of the above scheme, the replacing mechanism comprises fixing rods, square blocks, a fourth shaft rod, screws, a second fixture block and a fifth shaft rod, wherein the square blocks are fixedly installed on one side of the second supporting rod, the two fixing rods are slidably installed on one side, close to the hoisting mechanism, of the square blocks, the fourth shaft rod is rotatably installed on one side of the fixing rods, the screws are in threaded connection with the two fixing rods, the screws are rotatably connected with the square blocks, the fifth shaft rod is rotatably installed on another pair of connecting rods, the fifth shaft rod is fixedly connected with one chain wheel, the plurality of second fixture blocks are fixedly installed on one side, close to the fourth shaft rod, of the fifth shaft rod, and the fixture blocks are connected with one.
As the improvement of the scheme, all parts in the device are detachable, so that the device is convenient to carry.
As the improvement of the scheme, the device adopts the support frame and the bearing box to support at the same time, so that the stability of the whole device is better.
The beneficial effects are that:
1. the lifting device has the advantages that the double lifting ropes are adopted to lift materials, and compared with manual lifting of building materials, the safety and stability of the increased lifting mechanism are improved, so that the conveying time of the building materials is saved while the safety of workers is ensured.
2. This device simple structure, convenient to detach and equipment are suitable for with the transport of whole device, and this device is applicable to indoor finishing material's transport simultaneously, can set up indoor, has avoided occuping public space.
3. Realized the control to material conveying speed in this device, made things convenient for under the condition that building material is badly needed, in time send the material to appointed position, workman's intensity of labour has been saved to mechanized working process, has improved the hoisting efficiency of material simultaneously.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the control mechanism and switching mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the clamping mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a hoisting mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a partial schematic view of the structure of the hoisting mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of the replacing mechanism of the present invention.
Number designation in the figures: 1-a bottom plate, 101-a support wall, 102-a first support plate, 103-a support frame, 104-a first support rod, 105-a second support rod, 2-a second support plate, 201-a motor, 202-a first pulley, 203-a first belt, 204-a third support plate, 205-a first shaft lever, 206-a first spur gear, 207-a second spur gear, 208-a drum, 209-a wire rope, 210-a second shaft lever, 211-a third spur gear, 212-a fourth spur gear, 3-a third shaft lever, 301-a first block, 302-a second pulley, 303-a second belt, 304-a turntable, 305-a baffle, 306-a column, 307-a third support rod, 308-a sliding column, 309-a spring, 4-a fourth support plate, 401-sliding rail, 402-fourth supporting rod, 403-chain wheel, 404-chain, 405-fifth supporting plate, 406-fixed pulley, 407-movable pulley, 408-hook, 409-connecting rod, 410-rotating rod, 411-rotating wheel, 5-fixed rod, 5 a-square, 501-fourth shaft rod, 502-screw, 503-second fixture block, 504-fifth shaft rod and 6-bearing box.
Detailed Description
The invention is described in detail below with reference to the figures and the embodiments.
Example 1
The utility model provides a material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment, as shown in fig. 1-7, including bottom plate 1, knee wall 101, first backup pad 102, support frame 103, first bracing piece 104, second bracing piece 105 and bearing box 6, knee wall 101 fixed mounting is in the left side of bottom plate 1, first backup pad 102 fixed mounting is on the upper portion right side of bottom plate 1, two support frames 103 fixed mounting are both sides around the upper portion of first backup pad 102, first bracing piece 104 fixed mounting is in the intermediate position between two support frames 103, second bracing piece 105 fixed mounting is in the intermediate position of first backup pad 102, the intermediate position fixed connection of second bracing piece 105 and first bracing piece 104, two bearing box 6 fixed mounting are on the upper portion right side of first backup pad 102, characterized by: also includes: the control mechanism is fixedly arranged at the lower side of the middle of the left part of the second support rod 105, the conversion mechanism is fixedly arranged at the front lower side of the left part of the second support rod 105, the conversion mechanism is connected with the control mechanism in a sliding manner, the hoisting mechanism is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the second support rod 105, and the replacement mechanism is fixedly arranged at the upper side of the second support rod 105.
When the device is used, the device is assembled, a proper bearing block is placed in the bearing box 6, the control mechanism is started, the switching mechanism and the replacing mechanism are adjusted to be in a working state, the control mechanism drives the switching mechanism and the lifting mechanism to operate, materials to be lifted are conveyed to a specified position, after the device is used, the replacing mechanism is moved away manually, the device is detached, and the collection and carrying are convenient.
Example 2
On the basis of embodiment 1, as shown in fig. 2-3, the control mechanism comprises a second support plate 2, a motor 201, a speed change mechanism, a first belt pulley 202, the automatic transmission mechanism comprises a first belt 203, a third support plate 204, rotating drums 208 and a steel wire rope 209, wherein the second support plate 2 is fixedly installed at the lower side of the middle of the left portion of the second support rod 105, a motor 201 is fixedly installed on the second support plate 2, the third support plate 204 is fixedly installed at the lower side of the left portion, close to the second support plate 2, of the second support rod 105, a speed change mechanism is fixedly installed on the third support plate 204, a first belt pulley 202 on the left side is fixedly installed on an output shaft of the motor 201, a first belt pulley 202 on the right side is fixedly installed on the speed change mechanism, the first belt 203 is wound on the two first belt pulleys 202, the two rotating drums 208 are fixedly installed at the middle position of the third support plate 204.
When the device is used, the motor 201 is started, one first belt wheel 202 fixedly arranged on an output shaft of the motor 201 rotates along with the motor, the rotation is transmitted to the other first belt wheel 202 through the transmission of a first belt 203, a speed change mechanism fixedly connected with the other first belt wheel 202 rotates, the speed change mechanism drives the rotating drum 208 to rotate, the steel wire rope 209 wound on the rotating drum 208 gradually loosens, and the lifting mechanism is driven to lift materials.
Example 3
In addition to embodiment 2, as shown in fig. 3, the speed change mechanism includes a first shaft 205, a first spur gear 206, a second spur gear 207, a second shaft 210, a third spur gear 211, and a fourth spur gear 212, the first shaft 205 is rotatably installed at the rear side of the left portion of the third support plate 204, the first spur gear 206 is fixedly installed at the rear side of the first shaft 205, the second spur gear 207 is fixedly installed at the front side of the first shaft 205, the second shaft 210 is rotatably installed at the rear side of the left portion of the third support plate 204, the second shaft 210 is located above the first shaft 205, the third spur gear 211 is fixedly installed at the rear side of the second shaft 210, the third spur gear 211 is engaged with the first spur gear 206, the fourth spur gear 212 is fixedly installed at the front side of the second shaft 210, the fourth spur gear 212 is engaged with the second spur gear 207, and two drums 208 are fixedly installed at the front end of the second shaft 210.
When the hoisting speed of the hoisting mechanism needs to be increased, the second shaft rod 210 is pulled outwards manually, the second spur gear 207 is meshed with the fourth spur gear 212 at the moment, the rotating speed of the second shaft rod 210 is increased under the condition that the rotating speed of the first shaft rod 205 is not changed, meanwhile, the rotating speed of the rotary drum 208 is increased, the hoisting speed of the hoisting mechanism is increased, when the rotating speed of the hoisting mechanism needs to be reduced, the second shaft rod 210 is pushed inwards, the first spur gear 206 and the third spur gear 211 are meshed, under the condition that the rotating speed of the first shaft rod 205 is not changed, the rotating speed of the second shaft rod 210 is reduced, and meanwhile, the operating speed of the hoisting mechanism is reduced.
As shown in fig. 3, the switching mechanism includes a third shaft 3, first blocks 301, second pulleys 302, a second belt 303 and clamping mechanisms, the third shaft 3 is rotatably mounted on the front side of the left portion of the third support plate 204, four first blocks 301 are fixedly mounted on the rear end of the third shaft 3, one second pulley 302 is fixedly mounted on the rear side of the third shaft 3 close to the first blocks 301, the other second pulley 302 is fixedly mounted on the switching mechanism, the second belt 303 is wound on the two second pulleys 302, and the two clamping mechanisms are respectively fixedly mounted on the front and rear sides of the left portion of the third support plate 204.
In the process that the material is lifted vertically, the switching mechanism does not participate in the operation, at the moment, the third shaft rod 3 is pulled out outwards manually, at the moment, the first fixture block 301 fixedly connected to the rear end of the third shaft rod 3 is separated from the second shaft rod 210, the control mechanism drives the lifting mechanism to carry out the vertical lifting process, when the material is lifted to a proper height and is ready to be conveyed in the horizontal direction, the third shaft rod 3 is pushed backwards manually, the first fixture block 301 is connected with the second shaft rod 210, the rotation of the second shaft rod 210 drives the third shaft rod 3 to rotate, the second belt wheel 302 fixedly installed on the third shaft rod 3 rotates, the second belt 303 transmits the rotation of the second belt wheel 302 on the lower side to the second belt wheel 302 on the upper side, and the replacement mechanism fixedly connected with the second belt wheel 302 on the upper side drives the lifting mechanism to carry out the horizontal operation process.
As shown in fig. 4, the chucking mechanism includes a rotating plate 304, a blocking plate 305, a blocking column 306, a third support rod 307, a sliding column 308 and a spring 309, one rotating plate 304 is fixedly installed at the front side of the third shaft 3, the other rotating plate 304 is fixedly installed at the rear side of the second shaft 210, the blocking plate 305 is rotatably installed at the left side of the third support plate 204, the blocking column 306 is fixedly installed at the outer side of the blocking plate 305, the blocking plate 305 is connected with the rotating plate 304 in a matching manner, the third support rod 307 is fixedly installed at the outer side of the third support plate 204, the sliding column 308 is connected with the left side of the third support rod 307 in a sliding manner, the sliding column 308 is in contact with the blocking plate 305, the inner end of the spring 309 is fixedly installed at the inner side of the.
When the lifting mechanism is lifted, in order to prevent the lifting mechanism from being out of control and falling downwards, when the rotary disc 304 fixedly connected with one side of the second shaft rod 210 and one side of the third shaft rod 3 reversely rotate, the baffle plate 305 can be clamped into the rotary disc 304 to prevent the rotary disc 304 from reversing, when the rotary disc 304 is not required to be fixed, the clamping column 306 is manually pushed, the clamping column 306 drives the baffle plate 305 to turn upwards, when the baffle plate slides to one end of the sliding column 308, the sliding column 308 is extruded outwards and the spring 309 is compressed, and after the clamping column 306 and the clamping plate leave, the sliding column 308 returns to the original position under the action of the spring 309 to prevent the baffle plate 305 from falling.
As shown in fig. 5-7, the lifting mechanism comprises a fourth supporting plate 4, a sliding rail 401, a fourth supporting rod 402, a chain wheel 403, a chain 404, a fifth supporting plate 405, a fixed pulley 406, a movable pulley 407, a hook 408, a connecting rod 409, a rotating rod 410 and a rotating wheel 411, the fourth supporting plate 4 is fixedly arranged at the upper end of the second supporting rod 105, the sliding rail 401 is slidably arranged at the lower side of the fourth supporting plate 4, the fourth supporting rod 402 is rotatably arranged at the middle position of the front part of the sliding rail 401, one chain wheel 403 is fixedly arranged at the rear side of the fourth supporting rod 402, the other chain wheel 403 is arranged on the replacing mechanism, the chain 404 is wound on the two chain wheels 403, the two fifth supporting plates 405 are fixedly arranged at the left side of the lower part of the sliding rail 401, the two groups of fixed pulleys 406 are rotatably arranged on the upper fifth supporting plate 405, the two groups of movable pulleys 406 are connected with the fixed, the hook 408 is fixedly arranged at the lower side of the lower fifth supporting plate 405, the two pairs of connecting rods 409 are fixedly arranged at one side of the fourth supporting plate 4, the rotating rod 410 is rotatably arranged on one pair of connecting rods 409, the rotating wheel 411 is fixedly arranged on the rotating rod 410, and the middle section of the steel wire rope 209 is wound on the rotating wheel 411.
When the control mechanism loosens the steel wire rope 209, the steel wire rope 209 drives the fixed pulley 406 group to rotate, the fixed pulley 406 group drives the movable pulley 407 to rotate simultaneously, the movable pulley 407 group drives the hook 408 to move downwards, after a worker below fixes materials on the hook 408, the control mechanism rotates reversely, the steel wire rope 209 is driven to be tightened reversely, the movable pulley 407 drives the hook 408 to move upwards, after the movement in the vertical direction is finished, the switching mechanism and the replacing mechanism are operated, the rotating ring drives the chain wheel 403 to rotate, and the chain 404 wound on the chain wheel 403 drives the fifth support plate 405 to move in the horizontal direction, so that the whole conveying process is finished.
As shown in fig. 7, the replacing mechanism includes two fixing rods 5, a block 5a, a fourth shaft 501, a screw 502, a second fixture block 503 and a fifth shaft 504, two fixing rods 5 are slidably mounted on the front upper side of the left portion of the block 5a, the fourth shaft 501 is rotatably mounted on the left side of the fixing rods 5, the screw 502 is in threaded connection with the fixing rod 5 on the front side, the screw 502 is rotatably connected with the left side of the block 5a, the fifth shaft 504 is rotatably mounted on the left side of the two fixing rods 5, the fifth shaft 504 is rotatably mounted on the other pair of connecting rods 409, the fifth shaft 504 is fixedly connected with the sprocket 403 on the right side, the four second fixture blocks 503 are fixedly mounted at the rear end of the fifth shaft 504, and the fixture blocks are in fit connection with the front side.
When the mechanism needs to be replaced, the screw 502 is screwed inwards manually, the fixing rod 5 is fixedly installed on one side of the second supporting rod 105, the second clamping block 503 on the rear side of the fifth shaft rod 504 is connected with the fourth shaft rod 501, the rotation of the fifth shaft rod 504 drives the fourth shaft rod 501 to rotate, the chain wheel 403 is driven to rotate, and when the mechanism does not need to be replaced or the device needs to be disassembled, the screw 502 is screwed reversely, so that the whole replacing device is disassembled.
As shown in figure 1, all parts in the device are detachable, so that the device is convenient to carry.
All parts in the device are detachable, so that the device is convenient to carry.
As shown in figure 1, the device adopts the support frame 103 and the bearing box 6 for supporting at the same time, so that the whole device has better stability.
The device has adopted support frame 103 and bearing box 6 to support simultaneously for whole device steadiness is better.
It should be understood that this example is only for illustrating the present invention and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Further, it should be understood that various changes or modifications of the present invention may be made by those skilled in the art after reading the teaching of the present invention, and such equivalents may fall within the scope of the present invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. A material lifting device for building decoration convenient to assemble comprises a bottom plate (1), a support wall (101) and a first support plate (102), support frame (103), first bracing piece (104), second bracing piece (105) and bearing box (6), knee wall (101) fixed mounting is in one side of bottom plate (1), one side of keeping away from knee wall (101) of first bracing piece (102) fixed mounting at bottom plate (1), two sides of support frame (103) fixed mounting in first bracing piece (102), first bracing piece (104) fixed mounting is between two support frames (103), second bracing piece (105) fixed mounting is in the intermediate position of first bracing piece (102), one side fixed connection of second bracing piece (105) and first bracing piece (104), one side of two bearing box (6) fixed mounting in first bracing piece (102), characterized by: also includes: the device comprises a control mechanism, a conversion mechanism, a lifting mechanism and a replacement mechanism, wherein the control mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side of a second support rod (105), the conversion mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the control mechanism, of the second support rod (105), the conversion mechanism is connected with the control mechanism in a sliding mode, the lifting mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side, far away from the conversion mechanism, of the second support rod (105), and the replacement mechanism is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the lifting mechanism, of the second support rod (105).
2. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the control mechanism comprises a second support plate (2), a motor (201), a speed change mechanism, first belt wheels (202), a first belt (203), a third support plate (204), rotary drums (208) and a steel wire rope (209), the second support plate (2) is fixedly arranged on one side of a second support rod (105), the motor (201) is fixedly arranged on the second support plate (2), the third support plate (204) is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the second support plate (2), of the second support rod (105), the speed change mechanism is fixedly arranged on the third support plate (204), one first belt wheel (202) is fixedly arranged on an output shaft of the motor (201), the other first belt wheel (202) is fixedly arranged on the speed change mechanism, the first belt (203) is wound on the two first belt wheels (202), and the two rotary drums (208) are fixedly arranged in the middle position of the third support plate (204), a wire rope (209) is wound around the middle of the drum (208).
3. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 2, wherein: the speed change mechanism comprises a first shaft lever (205), a first straight gear (206), a second straight gear (207), a second shaft lever (210), a third straight gear (211) and a fourth straight gear (212), wherein the first shaft lever (205) is rotatably arranged on a third support plate (204), the first straight gear (206) is fixedly arranged on the first shaft lever (205), the second straight gear (207) is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the first straight gear (206), of the first shaft lever (205), the second shaft lever (210) is rotatably arranged on one side, close to the first shaft lever (205), of the third support plate (204), the third straight gear (211) is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the first straight gear (206), of the second shaft lever (210), the third straight gear (211) is meshed with the first straight gear (206), the fourth straight gear (212) is fixedly arranged on one side, close to the second straight gear (207), of the second shaft lever (210), the fourth spur gear (212) is meshed with the second spur gear (207), and the two rotary drums (208) are fixedly arranged on one side of the second shaft lever (210).
4. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the switching mechanism comprises a third shaft rod (3), first fixture blocks (301), a second belt wheel (302), a second belt (303) and clamping mechanisms, the third shaft rod (3) is rotatably installed on one side, far away from the second shaft rod (210), of a third supporting plate (204), a plurality of first fixture blocks (301) are fixedly installed at one end, close to the rotary drum (208), of the third shaft rod (3), one second belt wheel (302) is fixedly installed on one side, close to the first fixture blocks (301), of the third shaft rod (3), the other second belt wheel (302) is fixedly installed on the replacing mechanism, the second belt (303) is wound on the two second belt wheels (302), and the two clamping mechanisms are respectively and fixedly installed on two sides of the third supporting plate (204).
5. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 4, wherein: the clamping mechanism comprises a turntable (304), a baffle plate (305) and a clamping column (306), the novel support device comprises a third support rod (307), a sliding column (308) and a spring (309), wherein one rotary table (304) is fixedly arranged on one side of the third shaft rod (3), the other rotary table (304) is fixedly arranged on one side of the second shaft rod (210), a baffle (305) is rotatably arranged on one side of the third support plate (204), the rotary table (304) is matched and connected with the baffle (305), a clamping column (306) is fixedly arranged on one side of the baffle (305), the third support rod (307) is fixedly arranged on one side of the third support plate (204), the sliding column (308) is in sliding connection with one side of the third support rod (307), the sliding column (308) is in contact with the baffle (305), one end of the spring (309) is fixedly arranged on one side of the sliding column (308), and the other end of the spring (309) is fixedly arranged on one side of the third support rod (.
6. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the lifting mechanism comprises a fourth supporting plate (4), a sliding rail (401), a fourth supporting rod (402), chain wheels (403), a chain (404), a fifth supporting plate (405), a fixed pulley (406), a movable pulley (407), a lifting hook (408), a connecting rod (409), a rotating rod (410) and a rotating wheel (411), the fourth supporting plate (4) is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the bottom plate (1), of the second supporting rod (105), the sliding rail (401) is slidably arranged at one side of the fourth supporting plate (4), the fourth supporting rod (402) is rotatably arranged at one side of the sliding rail (401), one chain wheel (403) is fixedly arranged at one side of the fourth supporting rod (402), the other chain wheel (403) is arranged on the replacing mechanism, the chain (404) is wound on the two chain wheels (403), the two fifth supporting plates (405) are fixedly arranged at one side of the sliding rail (401), and the two groups of fixed pulleys (406) are rotatably arranged on the fifth supporting plate (, two groups of movable pulleys (407) are connected with a fixed pulley (406) through a steel wire rope (209), the other fifth support plate (405) is rotatably connected with the movable pulleys (407), a lifting hook (408) is fixedly arranged on one side of the other two groups of fifth support plates (405), two pairs of connecting rods (409) are fixedly arranged on one side of the fourth support plate (4), a rotating rod (410) is rotatably arranged on one pair of connecting rods (409), a rotating wheel (411) is fixedly arranged on the rotating rod (410), and one section of the middle of the steel wire rope (209) is wound on the rotating wheel (411).
7. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the replacing mechanism comprises a fixed rod (5), a square block (5 a), a fourth shaft lever (501), a screw (502), a second clamping block (503) and a fifth shaft lever (504), the square (5 a) is fixedly arranged on one side of the second supporting rod (105), the two fixing rods (5) are slidably arranged on one side, close to the hoisting mechanism, of the square (5 a), the fourth shaft rod (501) is rotatably arranged on one side of the fixing rods (5), the screw (502) is in threaded connection with the two fixing rods (5), the screw (502) is rotatably connected with the square (5 a), the fifth shaft rod (504) is rotatably arranged on the other pair of connecting rods (409), the fifth shaft rod (504) is fixedly connected with one chain wheel (403), a plurality of second clamping blocks (503) are fixedly arranged on one side, close to the fourth shaft rod (501), of the fifth shaft rod (504), and the clamping blocks are connected with one side of the fourth shaft rod (501) in a matched mode.
8. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 1, wherein: all parts in the device are detachable, so that the device is convenient to carry.
9. An easily assembled construction finishing material lifting device as defined in claim 1, wherein: the device has adopted support frame (103) and bearing box (6) to support simultaneously for whole device steadiness is better.
CN202011534695.3A 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment Pending CN112551390A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011534695.3A CN112551390A (en) 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011534695.3A CN112551390A (en) 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112551390A true CN112551390A (en) 2021-03-26

Family

ID=75031617

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011534695.3A Pending CN112551390A (en) 2020-12-23 2020-12-23 Material hoisting device for building decoration convenient to equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112551390A (en)

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