CN112548867A - Environment-friendly marble building materials cutting integrative equipment of polishing - Google Patents

Environment-friendly marble building materials cutting integrative equipment of polishing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112548867A
CN112548867A CN202011585835.XA CN202011585835A CN112548867A CN 112548867 A CN112548867 A CN 112548867A CN 202011585835 A CN202011585835 A CN 202011585835A CN 112548867 A CN112548867 A CN 112548867A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
discharging
cylinder
material plate
servo electric
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Pending
Application number
CN202011585835.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
华林为
Original Assignee
华林为
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Publication date
Application filed by 华林为 filed Critical 华林为
Priority to CN201910235880.3A priority Critical patent/CN109877708B/en
Priority to CN202011585835.XA priority patent/CN112548867A/en
Publication of CN112548867A publication Critical patent/CN112548867A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C1/00Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods
    • B24C1/04Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for treating only selected parts of a surface, e.g. for carving stone or glass
    • B24C1/045Methods for use of abrasive blasting for producing particular effects; Use of auxiliary equipment in connection with such methods for treating only selected parts of a surface, e.g. for carving stone or glass for cutting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B19/00Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group
    • B24B19/22Single-purpose machines or devices for particular grinding operations not covered by any other main group characterised by a special design with respect to properties of the material of non-metallic articles to be ground
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B41/00Component parts such as frames, beds, carriages, headstocks
    • B24B41/04Headstocks; Working-spindles; Features relating thereto
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/22Equipment for exact control of the position of the grinding tool or work at the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B49/00Measuring or gauging equipment for controlling the feed movement of the grinding tool or work; Arrangements of indicating or measuring equipment, e.g. for indicating the start of the grinding operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/02Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant
    • B24B55/03Equipment for cooling the grinding surfaces, e.g. devices for feeding coolant designed as a complete equipment for feeding or clarifying coolant
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C5/00Devices or accessories for generating abrasive blasts
    • B24C5/02Blast guns, e.g. for generating high velocity abrasive fluid jets for cutting materials
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C7/00Equipment for feeding abrasive material; Controlling the flowability, constitution, or other physical characteristics of abrasive blasts
    • B24C7/0007Equipment for feeding abrasive material; Controlling the flowability, constitution, or other physical characteristics of abrasive blasts the abrasive material being fed in a liquid carrier
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24CABRASIVE OR RELATED BLASTING WITH PARTICULATE MATERIAL
    • B24C9/00Appurtenances of abrasive blasting machines or devices, e.g. working chambers, arrangements for handling used abrasive material

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of marble building material processing equipment, in particular to environment-friendly marble building material cutting and polishing integrated equipment which comprises a water jet cutter sand gun head, a linear flow guiding mechanism and a polishing mechanism, wherein the upper and lower ends of the linear flow guiding mechanism are respectively provided with a feeding platform and a discharging platform, the linear flow guiding mechanism comprises a main plate body, a supporting plate, a movable plate and a fixed plate which are symmetrically arranged at the top of the main plate body, the bottom of the main plate body is provided with an oil pushing rod, the lower ends of the movable plate and the fixed plate are suspended outside the main plate body, the supporting plate is arranged between the lower ends of the movable plate and the fixed plate, a pre-cutting opening is formed between the supporting plate and the main plate body, the water jet cutter sand gun head is arranged above the pre-cutting opening, the discharging platform is provided with a discharging mechanism above the discharging platform, the discharging platform corresponds to the supporting plate, and the polishing mechanism is arranged above the pre-, and the water cutting method avoids the instability problem caused by the vibration force during cutting.

Description

Environment-friendly marble building materials cutting integrative equipment of polishing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of marble building material processing equipment, in particular to environment-friendly marble building material cutting and polishing integrated equipment.
Background
Marble originally refers to white limestone with black patterns produced in Yunnan province, the section of the limestone can form a natural wash painting, and marble building materials with formed patterns are usually selected in ancient times to manufacture a picture screen or an inlaid picture; later, the name of the marble building material is gradually developed to call all limestone with patterns of various colors and used as building decoration materials; the marble building material is very beautiful after being polished, is mainly used for being processed into various shapes and plates to be used as walls, floors, tables and columns of buildings, is also commonly used as materials of memorial buildings such as steles, towers, statues and the like, can be also carved into practical artworks such as art and art works, stationery, lamps, utensils and the like, and is commonly applied to the fields of buildings, decoration and the like; it is necessary to cut the marble building material before using it.
According to the above problems, by searching: chinese patent No.: the marble building material cutting device of CN201811277071.0 comprises a work box, a workbench, a stepping motor and a controller; the stepping motor is arranged in the working box and fixedly connected with the side wall of the working box, and the output end of the stepping motor is connected with a convex gear; the rotating center of the convex gear is fixedly connected with the output end of the stepping motor; a gear, a belt pulley and a threaded rod are also arranged in the working box; a pressing unit, a cutting knife and a cutting table are arranged in the workbench; the marble building material cutting device is provided with the pressing unit, so that the marble building material is not shaken in the cutting process; the threaded rod can drive the cutting table to rotate, so that the marble building materials are cut in a rotating state, the completeness of the cut of the marble building materials is guaranteed, and the cutting table mainly adopts pneumatic power to reduce noise in the cutting process.
The disadvantages of the above solution are: because the mechanical cutting is adopted, the dust pollution is large, the operation environment is greatly influenced, meanwhile, the mechanical cutting stress is large, the damage rate is high, the performance requirement on the positioning device is high, the whole machine equipment is more complex, and simultaneously, the burr and the flash of the cutting surface of the building material are more.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the prior art, the invention provides environment-friendly marble building material cutting and polishing integrated equipment.
The invention discloses an environment-friendly marble building material cutting and polishing integrated device, which comprises a feeding table, a discharging table, a water jet sand gun head, a linear flow guiding mechanism, a polishing mechanism and a discharging mechanism, wherein the feeding table and the discharging table are respectively arranged at the upstream end and the downstream end of the linear flow guiding mechanism, the linear flow guiding mechanism comprises a main plate body, a supporting plate, a movable plate and a fixed plate which are symmetrically arranged at the top of the main plate body, the bottom of the main plate body is provided with a pushing oil rod used for driving the movable plate to be directly close to or far away from the fixed plate, the movable plate and the fixed plate are always horizontally suspended outside the main plate body towards the downstream end of the discharging table, the supporting plate is horizontally arranged between the downstream ends of the main plate body and the supporting plate, a pre-cutting opening is formed between the supporting plate and the main plate body, the water jet sand gun head is inverted and can be horizontally movably arranged above the pre-cutting opening through the driving mechanism, and the tops, the discharging mechanism is arranged above the discharging platform in an inverted mode, the discharging platform is arranged corresponding to the bearing plate, a polishing distance is reserved between the discharging platform and the bearing plate, and the polishing mechanism is arranged above the polishing distance in an inverted mode.
Further, the bearing board includes two sets of drainage pieces that are connected with the inboard that moves the flitch and decide the flitch respectively, the drainage piece includes a plurality of water conservancy diversion convex plates that set up along sharp drainage mechanism's direction of delivery interval, all water conservancy diversion convex plates are the right angle cooperation with the flitch that moves of position separately respectively, the through-hole that an opening orientation moved the flitch is seted up respectively to the outer end of corresponding all water conservancy diversion convex plates of deciding the flitch, the equal movable inserting that can move about in every through-hole is equipped with a guiding axle, the one end of corresponding all water conservancy diversion convex plates that move the flitch position, fixed connection with the outer end one-to-one of all guiding axles, the upper surface of all water conservancy diversion convex plates all flushes with the upper surface that moves the flitch.
Further, the array direction of all locating parts at movable flitch and surely flitch top all is the same with the array direction of all water conservancy diversion convex plates in the drainage spare, the locating part includes guide roller, support and spacing spring, the guide roller is vertical and sets up through the support coupling, the bottom of every support respectively through a spacing spring with the upper surface clearance fit who moves flitch and surely flitch that corresponds separately, spacing spring's shrink direction parallels with the activity direction who moves the flitch, the surface of every guide roller all is equipped with the rubber axle sleeve.
Further, the driving mechanism comprises a first servo electric cylinder and a lifting oil cylinder, the first servo electric cylinder is horizontally arranged, the lifting oil cylinder is arranged on the output end of the first servo electric cylinder in an inverted mode, the upper section of the water jet cutter sand gun head is connected with a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder through a connecting plate, and the output direction of the first servo electric cylinder is perpendicular to the conveying direction of the linear drainage mechanism.
Furthermore, the feeding platform and the discharging platform are screw lifting platforms, a top plate is installed at the top of the discharging platform, the top plate corresponds to the middle of the two drainage pieces, and the upper surface of the top plate is flush with the upper surface of the flow guide convex plate in the working state.
Furthermore, the polishing mechanism comprises a polishing tool, a motor, a micro-motion cylinder, a second servo electric cylinder and an avoiding cylinder, the motor is arranged at one end of the top plate close to the drainage piece in an inverted mode, the polishing tool is coaxially connected with a main shaft of the motor, a horizontally arranged rotary table is installed at the upper end of the motor, the second servo electric cylinder is horizontally arranged above the rotary table through an L-shaped structure installation frame, the output direction of the second servo electric cylinder is the same as that of the first servo electric cylinder, a guide top beam frame is installed at the output end of the second servo electric cylinder, the micro-motion cylinder is horizontally installed at the bottom of the guide top beam frame, an L-shaped structure linkage frame is arranged above the guide top beam frame, the long edge section of the linkage frame horizontally penetrates through the upper end of the guide top beam frame, the bottom of the short edge section of the linkage frame is connected with the upper surface of the rotary table, and the, the avoidance cylinder is vertically arranged at the side of the second servo electric cylinder, a piston rod of the avoidance cylinder is in transmission connection with the bottom of the mounting frame, and the avoidance cylinder drives the mounting frame to enable the mounting frame to move vertically in a small range.
Further, the lower surface of carousel is provided with three honeycomb ducts of circumference interval distribution at the motor periphery along it, and a dustproof shower nozzle is all installed to the end of every honeycomb duct, and one of them dustproof shower nozzle is just to the cutter of polishing, and two other dustproof shower nozzles are towards unloading the platform.
Further, the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging oil cylinder, and a lower pressing block is mounted on a piston rod of the discharging oil cylinder.
Further, the roof is kept away from the one end symmetry of drainage piece and is equipped with two proximity sensor, and proximity sensor's response end is towards the drainage piece.
Has the advantages that: the invention relates to an environment-friendly marble building material cutting and polishing integrated device.A feeding table is used for supporting stacked precut marble building materials; the discharging platform is used for supporting the cut stacked marble building materials; the feeding table area is provided with a pushing manipulator used for pushing the marble building materials to a position between the movable material plate and the fixed material plate; a grabbing manipulator is arranged outside the discharging table and used for dragging the cut marble building materials to a top plate area; firstly, a pushing manipulator pushes the uppermost marble building material to a position between a fixed material plate and a movable material plate, and meanwhile, an oil rod is pushed in advance to push the movable material plate, so that the distance between the fixed material plate and the movable material plate is changed, and the marble building material pushing manipulator can adapt to the transportation and passing operation of marble building materials with different width specifications; after the marble building material is pushed to the set area, the area exceeds the precut opening; meanwhile, the following description is provided: the placing posture of one end of the top plate on the discharging table is that the front end extends to be close to the bearing plate, namely a certain gap is reserved between the front end and the bearing plate, namely the top plate is positioned between the downstream ends of the material fixing plate and the material moving plate, so that the situation that a limiting part exists in the area is represented, and the limiting work of the cut marble building materials on the top plate is formed corresponding to the limiting part of the top plate; after the marble building materials are pushed to reach the preset precutting opening position by the pushing manipulator, the driving mechanism drives the water jet sand gun head to descend and approach to the upper surface of the marble building materials below the water jet sand gun head, then the driving mechanism continues to move to drive the water jet sand gun head to move along the width direction of the marble building materials, in the process, the water jet sand gun head is operated to jet water and sand arrows to realize water and sand cutting, and due to the water cutting, no vibration force is generated basically during cutting, namely excessive stress cannot be generated to influence the marble building materials, and burrs on the cutting surface of the marble building materials are very few and smooth, more importantly, no dust is generated in the cutting process, and due to the arrangement of the precutting opening, a water source and a sand source in the water and sand arrow can fall and be collected without being accumulated in a working area; the cut marble building material is passively pushed by the grabbing mechanical arm due to the movement of the marble building material main body separated from the marble building material in the process of being pulled towards the top plate, so that the working pressure of the grabbing mechanical arm is reduced, the grabbing mechanical arm continuously pulls the cut marble building material to continuously move a little position after the remaining marble building material to be cut is pushed to the set position until the marble building material is sensed by the proximity sensor, then the proximity sensor transmits a detection signal to the controller, the controller indicates the grabbing mechanical arm to stop moving, the distance between the cut marble building material and the separated main body is the corresponding polishing distance, then the polishing mechanism works, the discharging mechanism works simultaneously, and the pre-polished marble building material is pressed down, in addition, a plurality of dustproof spray heads are matched in the polishing process, so that dust is humidified in the polishing process, and the environmental pollution on site is greatly reduced; after polishing, stopping the polishing mechanism, starting the discharge table, and synchronously operating the discharge oil cylinders, so that the previously polished marble building materials descend along with the descending of the discharge table to form a stack, and the subsequent marble building materials move to the upper surface of the marble building materials; the marble cutting and polishing device can cut and polish marble building materials on the premise of ensuring environmental protection, and directly avoids the problem of instability caused by vibration force during cutting in a water cutting mode.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of the application and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate embodiment(s) of the application and together with the description serve to explain the application and not to limit the application. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view of FIG. 1 at A;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of FIG. 3 at B;
FIG. 5 is a schematic plan view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of FIG. 5 at C;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of FIG. 5 at D;
FIG. 8 is a partial perspective view of the first embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a partial perspective view of the second embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged view at E of FIG. 9;
description of reference numerals: a feeding table 1.
A discharge platform 2 and a top plate 2 a.
The device comprises a water jet cutter sand gun head 3, a first servo electric cylinder 3a, a lifting oil cylinder 3b and a connecting plate 3 c.
The main plate body 4, the bearing plate 4a, the pushing oil rod 4b, the precut opening 4c, the flow guide convex plate 4d and the guide shaft 4 r.
The device comprises a movable material plate 5, a fixed material plate 5a, a guide roller 5b, a support 5c and a limiting spring 5 t.
The grinding tool comprises a grinding tool 6, a motor 6a, a micro-motion cylinder 6b, a second servo electric cylinder 6c, an avoidance cylinder 6d, a grinding interval 6r, a rotary table 6q, an installation frame 6w, a guide roof beam frame 6m and a linkage frame 6 n.
A flow guide pipe 7 and a dustproof spray head 7 a.
A discharging oil cylinder 8 and a lower pressing block 8 a.
A proximity sensor 9.
Detailed Description
In the following description, for purposes of explanation, numerous implementation details are set forth in order to provide a thorough understanding of the various embodiments of the present invention. It should be understood, however, that these implementation details are not to be interpreted as limiting the invention. That is, in some embodiments of the invention, such implementation details are not necessary. In addition, some conventional structures and components are shown in simplified schematic form in the drawings.
In addition, the descriptions related to the first, the second, etc. in the present invention are only used for description purposes, do not particularly refer to an order or sequence, and do not limit the present invention, but only distinguish components or operations described in the same technical terms, and are not understood to indicate or imply relative importance or implicitly indicate the number of indicated technical features. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In addition, technical solutions between various embodiments may be combined with each other, but must be realized by a person skilled in the art, and when the technical solutions are contradictory or cannot be realized, such a combination should not be considered to exist, and is not within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, the environment-friendly marble building material cutting and polishing integrated equipment comprises a feeding table 1, a discharging table 2, a water jet sand gun head 3, a linear flow guiding mechanism, a polishing mechanism and a discharging mechanism, wherein the feeding table 1 and the discharging table 2 are respectively arranged at the upstream end and the downstream end of the linear flow guiding mechanism, the linear flow guiding mechanism comprises a main plate body 4, a bearing plate 4a, a movable material plate 5 and a fixed material plate 5a which are symmetrically arranged at the top of the main plate body 4, a pushing oil rod 4b for driving the movable material plate 5 to be directly close to or far away from the fixed material plate 5a is arranged at the bottom of the main plate body 4, the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a are always horizontally suspended outside the main plate body 4 towards the downstream end of the discharging table 2, the bearing plate 4a is horizontally arranged between the downstream ends of the movable material plate 4a and the main plate 4, a precutting opening 4c is formed between the bearing plate 4a and the main plate 4a, and the water jet sand gun head The top of the movable material plate 5 and the top of the fixed material plate 5a are both provided with a plurality of limiting parts, the unloading mechanism is arranged above the unloading platform 2 in an inverted mode, the unloading platform 2 is arranged corresponding to the bearing plate 4a, a polishing distance 6r is reserved between the unloading platform 2 and the bearing plate, and the polishing mechanism is arranged above the polishing distance 6r in an inverted mode.
The bearing plate 4a comprises two groups of drainage pieces which are respectively connected with the inner sides of the movable material plates 5 and the fixed material plates 5a, each drainage piece comprises a plurality of flow guide convex plates 4d which are arranged at intervals along the conveying direction of the linear drainage mechanism, all the flow guide convex plates 4d are respectively matched with the movable material plates 5 and the fixed material plates 5a at respective positions in a right angle manner, the outer ends of all the flow guide convex plates 4d corresponding to the fixed material plates 5a are respectively provided with a through hole with an opening facing the movable material plates 5, each through hole is movably inserted with a guide shaft 4r, one end of all the flow guide convex plates 4d corresponding to the movable material plates 5 is fixedly connected with the outer ends of all the guide shafts 4r in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the upper surfaces of all the flow guide convex plates 4d are flush with the upper surfaces of the movable material plates; the inner sides of the upstream ends of the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a are also provided with a flow guide piece; the method comprises the following steps: the manipulator pushes the uppermost marble building material in the stacked marble building materials into a position between the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a, then the marble building materials are positioned on the flow guide convex plates 4d, and in the process of continuous pushing, the flow guide convex plates 4d support the marble building materials; in order to adapt to marble building materials with different width specifications, the movable material plate 5 is driven to move by pushing the oil rod 4b, so that the distance between the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a is changed, and the passing transportation of the marble building materials with different width specifications is met; the flow guide convex plate 4d is flush with the upper surfaces of the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a, so that the marble building materials can move on the surfaces of the movable material plate, the fixed material plate and the fixed material plate stably.
The arrangement directions of all limiting parts at the tops of the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a are the same as the arrangement directions of all flow guide convex plates 4d in the flow guide part, each limiting part comprises a guide roller 5b, a support 5c and a limiting spring 5t, the guide rollers 5b are vertical and are arranged in a shaft connection mode through the supports 5c, the bottom of each support 5c is movably matched with the upper surfaces of the corresponding movable material plate 5 and the corresponding fixed material plate 5a through one limiting spring 5t, the contraction direction of the limiting springs 5t is parallel to the movement direction of the movable material plate 5, and the outer surface of each guide roller 5b is sleeved with a rubber shaft sleeve; after the marble building material is pushed between the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5a, two side surfaces of the marble building material are contacted with the outer surface of the guide roller 5b and press the marble building material, so that the pressing force is transmitted to the limiting spring 5t, the outer surface of the guide roller 5b is tightly attached to the side part of the marble building material, and the marble building material rotates to form a guiding force, so that the marble building material can slide in a translation manner.
The driving mechanism comprises a first servo electric cylinder 3a and a lifting oil cylinder 3b, the first servo electric cylinder 3a is horizontally arranged, the lifting oil cylinder 3b is inversely arranged at the output end of the first servo electric cylinder 3a, the upper section of the water jet cutter sand gun head 3 is connected with a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder 3b through a connecting plate 3c, and the output direction of the first servo electric cylinder 3a is vertical to the conveying direction of the linear drainage mechanism; after the marble building materials move to the set position, the lifting oil cylinder 3b drives the water jet sand gun head 3 to descend, the water jet sand gun head 3 is enabled to be close to the upper surface of the marble building materials, then the water jet sand gun head 3 starts to work to jet water sand arrows, the water jet sand gun head 3 moves along the width direction of the marble building materials in cooperation with the first servo electric cylinder 3a, and water cutting is started to be formed on the marble building materials.
The feeding table 1 and the discharging table 2 are both screw lifting tables, a top plate 2a is mounted at the top of the discharging table 2, the top plate 2a corresponds to the middle of the two drainage pieces, and the upper surface of the top plate 2a is flush with the upper surface of the flow guide convex plate 4d in a working state; the feeding table 1 is used for supporting stacked precut marble building materials; the discharging platform 2 is used for supporting the cut stacked marble building materials; a pushing manipulator is arranged in the area of the feeding table 1 and used for pushing the marble building materials to a position between the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5 a; a grabbing manipulator is arranged outside the discharging platform 2 and used for dragging the cut marble building materials to the area of the top plate 2 a; the pushing manipulator and the grabbing manipulator are the prior art, in particular the cooperation of the air cylinder and the pneumatic clamp, and are not described in detail here.
The polishing mechanism comprises a polishing cutter 6, a motor 6a, a micro-motion cylinder 6b, a second servo electric cylinder 6c and an avoiding cylinder 6d, the motor 6a is arranged at one end of the top plate 2a close to the drainage piece in an inverted mode, the polishing cutter 6 is coaxially connected with a main shaft of the motor 6a, a horizontally arranged turntable 6q is arranged at the upper end of the motor 6a, the second servo electric cylinder 6c is horizontally arranged above the turntable 6q through an L-shaped mounting frame 6w, the output direction of the second servo electric cylinder 6c is the same as that of the first servo electric cylinder 3a, a guide top beam frame 6m is arranged at the output end of the second servo electric cylinder 6c, the micro-motion cylinder 6b is horizontally arranged at the bottom of the guide top beam frame 6m, an L-shaped linkage frame 6n is arranged above the guide top beam frame 6m, the long edge section of the linkage frame 6n horizontally penetrates through the upper end of the guide top beam frame 6, the bottom of the short side section of the linkage frame 6n is connected with the upper surface of the rotary table 6q, the middle section area is also in transmission connection with a piston rod of the micro-motion cylinder 6b, the avoidance cylinder 6d is vertically arranged at the side of the second servo electric cylinder 6c, the piston rod of the avoidance cylinder is in transmission connection with the bottom of the mounting frame 6w, and the mounting frame 6w is driven by the avoidance cylinder 6d to vertically move in a small amplitude; after the marble building material is cut and dragged to the top plate 2a by the grabbing manipulator, the cut marble building material is far away from the uncut body; at the moment, the avoiding cylinder 6d works, the linkage frame 6n is driven to descend, the motor 6a is driven to descend to enable the grinding cutter 6 to correspond to the cutting surface of the marble building material which is cut in advance, then the inching cylinder 6b starts to work to drive the linkage frame 6n to move, the turntable 6q, the motor 6a and the grinding cutter 6 are driven to be close to the cut surface of the cut marble building material, namely, the grinding cutter 6 is in contact with the cutting surface, then the motor 6a starts to work at the moment, the grinding cutter 6 rotates rapidly to grind the cutting surface of the marble building material, meanwhile, the second servo electric cylinder 6c starts to work, and the grinding cutter 6 is driven to move along the width direction of the marble building material, namely, the cutting surface of the marble building material is ground fully.
The lower surface of the rotary table 6q is provided with three flow guide pipes 7 which are circumferentially distributed at intervals around the motor 6a, the tail end of each flow guide pipe 7 is provided with a dustproof spray head 7a, one dustproof spray head 7a is opposite to the grinding cutter 6, and the other two dustproof spray heads 7a face the discharging table 2; in the process that the grinding cutter 6 grinds the cutting surface of the marble building material, the three dustproof spray heads 7a spray water sources in the respective flow guide pipes 7, the dustproof spray heads 7a opposite to the grinding cutter 6 spray the water sources to the surface of the grinding cutter 6, so that dust is reduced, and the other two dustproof spray heads 7a spray the water sources to the cutting surface of the marble building material, so that dust is greatly reduced; the other side of the marble building material can be provided with a mechanism the same as the grinding mechanism according to actual requirements, and two sides of the marble building material are ground synchronously.
The discharging mechanism comprises a discharging oil cylinder 8, and a lower pressing block 8a is arranged on a piston rod of the discharging oil cylinder 8; the marble that is cut is being polished the in-process to and polish the back that finishes, the decline in-process is implemented to discharge table 2, and the work can all be taken to discharge cylinder 8, and the purpose makes the marble can be stable in the cutting, has also ensured simultaneously that the marble after being polished can be stable descend along with the decline of discharge table 2.
Two proximity sensors 9 are symmetrically arranged at one end of the top plate 2a far away from the drainage piece, and the sensing ends of the proximity sensors 9 face the drainage piece; this device outside is provided with the controller, controller and 9 electric connection of proximity sensor, and after the marble building material that snatchs the manipulator and will be cut by water drags to roof 2a, this marble building material reachs in the 9 detection area of proximity sensor, and proximity sensor 9 can give the controller with the signal of telecommunication transmission, and the controller then instructs to snatch manipulator stop work to instruct grinding machanism to carry out work again.
The working principle is as follows: the feeding table 1 is used for supporting stacked precut marble building materials; the discharging platform 2 is used for supporting the cut stacked marble building materials; a pushing manipulator is arranged in the area of the feeding table 1 and used for pushing the marble building materials to a position between the movable material plate 5 and the fixed material plate 5 a; a grabbing manipulator is arranged outside the discharging platform 2 and used for dragging the cut marble building materials to the area of the top plate 2 a; firstly, a pushing manipulator pushes the uppermost marble building material to a position between a fixed material plate 5a and a movable material plate 5, and meanwhile, an oil rod 4b is pushed in advance to push the movable material plate 5, so that the distance between the fixed material plate 5a and the movable material plate 5 is changed, and the marble building material conveying manipulator can adapt to the conveying and passing operation of marble building materials with different width specifications; after the marble building material is pushed to the set area, the area exceeds the pre-cut opening 4 c; meanwhile, the following description is provided: the placing posture of one end of the top plate 2a on the discharging table 2 is that the front end extends to be close to the bearing plate 4a, namely a certain gap is reserved between the top plate 2a and the bearing plate 4a, namely the top plate 2a is positioned between the fixed material plate 5a and the downstream end of the movable material plate 5, so that the locating part exists in the area, and the locating part corresponding to the top plate 2a forms the locating work of the cut marble building materials on the top plate 2 a; after the marble building material is pushed by the pushing manipulator to reach the preset pre-cutting opening 4c, at the moment, the driving mechanism drives the water jet head 3 to descend and approach the upper surface of the marble building material below the water jet head, then the driving mechanism continues to move to drive the water jet cutting sand gun head 3 to move along the width direction of the marble building materials, in the process, the water jet cutter sand gun head 3 works to jet water-sand arrows, so that water-sand cutting is realized, and as water cutting basically has no vibration force during cutting, namely, excessive stress can not be generated to influence the marble building materials, and burrs on the cutting surface of the marble building materials are very few and smooth, and more importantly, in the cutting process, no dust is generated, and meanwhile, due to the arrangement of the precut opening 4c, the water source and the sand source in the water sand arrow fall down and are collected without being accumulated in a working area; the cut marble building material after cutting is grabbed by the grabbing mechanical arm and pulled towards the top plate 2a, in the process, the cut marble building material is passively pushed due to the movement of the marble building material main body separated from the marble building material main body, so that the working pressure of the grabbing mechanical arm is reduced, after the remaining marble building material to be cut is pushed to a set position, the grabbing mechanical arm continuously pulls the cut marble building material to continuously move a little position until the marble building material is sensed by the proximity sensor 9, then the proximity sensor 9 transmits a detection signal to the controller, the controller instructs the grabbing mechanical arm to stop moving, at the moment, the distance between the cut marble building material and the separated marble building material main body is the corresponding grinding distance 6r, then the grinding mechanism works, and meanwhile, the discharging mechanism works to press down the pre-ground marble building material, in addition, a plurality of dustproof spray heads 7a are matched in the polishing process, so that dust is humidified in the polishing process, and the field environmental pollution is greatly reduced; after polishing, the polishing mechanism stops working, the discharging platform 2 starts working, and meanwhile the discharging oil cylinders 8 synchronously work, so that the previously polished marble building materials descend along with the descending of the discharging platform 2 to form a stack, and the subsequent marble building materials move to the upper surface of the marble building materials; forming a support.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the present invention. Various modifications and alterations to this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement, etc. made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. The utility model provides an integrative equipment of environment-friendly marble building materials cutting is polished which characterized in that: comprises a feeding table (1), a discharging table (2), a water jet sand gun head (3), a linear flow guiding mechanism, a grinding mechanism and a discharging mechanism, wherein the feeding table (1) and the discharging table (2) are respectively arranged at the upstream end and the downstream end of the linear flow guiding mechanism, the linear flow guiding mechanism comprises a main plate body (4), a bearing plate (4 a) and a movable material plate (5) and a fixed material plate (5 a) which are symmetrically arranged at the top of the main plate body (4), a pushing oil rod (4 b) for driving the movable material plate (5) to be directly close to or far away from the fixed material plate (5 a) is arranged at the bottom of the main plate body (4), the movable material plate (5) and the fixed material plate (5 a) towards the downstream end of the discharging table (2) are always horizontally suspended outside the main plate body (4), the bearing plate (4 a) is horizontally arranged between the downstream ends of the movable material plate and the fixed material plate, a precutting opening (4 c) is formed between the bearing plate (4 a), the water jet cutter sand gun head (3) is inverted and can be horizontally and movably arranged above the precutting opening (4 c) through a driving mechanism, a plurality of limiting parts are arranged at the tops of the movable material plate (5) and the fixed material plate (5 a), the discharging mechanism is inverted and arranged above the discharging table (2), the discharging table (2) is arranged corresponding to the bearing plate (4 a), a grinding distance (6 r) is reserved between the discharging table and the bearing plate, and the grinding mechanism is inverted and arranged above the grinding distance (6 r);
the bearing plate (4 a) comprises two groups of drainage pieces which are respectively connected with the inner sides of the movable material plate (5) and the fixed material plate (5 a), each drainage piece comprises a plurality of flow guide convex plates (4 d) which are arranged at intervals along the conveying direction of the linear drainage mechanism, all the flow guide convex plates (4 d) are respectively matched with the movable material plate (5) and the fixed material plate (5 a) at the respective positions in a right angle, the outer ends of all the flow guide convex plates (4 d) corresponding to the material fixing plates (5 a) are respectively provided with a through hole with an opening facing to the material moving plate (5), a guide shaft (4 r) is movably inserted in each through hole, one end of each flow guide convex plate (4 d) corresponding to the position of the movable material plate (5) is fixedly connected with the outer end of each guide shaft (4 r) in a one-to-one correspondence manner, and the upper surfaces of all the flow guide convex plates (4 d) are flush with the upper surfaces of the movable material plate (5) and the fixed material plate (5 a);
the arrangement directions of all limiting parts at the tops of the movable material plates (5) and the fixed material plates (5 a) are the same as the arrangement directions of all flow guide convex plates (4 d) in the flow guide part, each limiting part comprises a guide roller (5 b), a support (5 c) and a limiting spring (5 t), the guide rollers (5 b) are vertical and are arranged in a shaft connection mode through the supports (5 c), the bottom of each support (5 c) is movably matched with the upper surfaces of the corresponding movable material plates (5) and the corresponding fixed material plates (5 a) through one limiting spring (5 t), the contraction direction of each limiting spring (5 t) is parallel to the movement direction of the corresponding movable material plates (5), and the outer surface of each guide roller (5 b) is sleeved with a rubber shaft sleeve;
the driving mechanism comprises a first servo electric cylinder (3 a) and a lifting oil cylinder (3 b), the first servo electric cylinder (3 a) is horizontally arranged, the lifting oil cylinder (3 b) is inversely arranged at the output end of the first servo electric cylinder (3 a), the upper section of the water jet sand gun head (3) is connected with a piston rod of the lifting oil cylinder (3 b) through a connecting plate (3 c), and the output direction of the first servo electric cylinder (3 a) is vertical to the conveying direction of the linear drainage mechanism;
the feeding platform (1) and the discharging platform (2) are both screw lifting platforms, the top of the discharging platform (2) is provided with a top plate (2 a), the top plate (2 a) corresponds to the middle of the two drainage pieces, and the upper surface of the top plate (2 a) is flush with the upper surface of the flow guide convex plate (4 d) in a working state;
the polishing mechanism comprises a polishing cutter (6), a motor (6 a), a micro-motion cylinder (6 b), a second servo electric cylinder (6 c) and an avoiding cylinder (6 d), the motor (6 a) is arranged at one end of the top plate (2 a) close to the drainage piece in an inverted mode, the polishing cutter (6) is coaxially connected with a main shaft of the motor (6 a), a turntable (6 q) which is horizontally arranged is installed at the upper end of the motor (6 a), the second servo electric cylinder (6 c) is horizontally arranged above the turntable (6 q) through an installation frame (6 w) of an L-shaped structure, the output direction of the second servo electric cylinder (6 c) is the same as that of the first servo electric cylinder (3 a), a guide top beam frame (6 m) is installed at the output end of the second servo electric cylinder (6 c), the micro-motion cylinder (6 b) is horizontally installed at the bottom of the guide top beam frame (6 m), and a linkage frame (6 n) of the L-shaped structure is arranged above the guide top beam frame (6, the long side section of the linkage frame (6 n) horizontally penetrates through the upper end of the guide top beam frame (6 m), the bottom of the short side section of the linkage frame (6 n) is connected with the upper surface of the rotary table (6 q), the middle section area of the linkage frame is also in transmission connection with a piston rod of the micro-motion cylinder (6 b), the avoidance cylinder (6 d) is vertically arranged at the side of the second servo electric cylinder (6 c), a piston rod of the avoidance cylinder is in transmission connection with the bottom of the mounting frame (6 w), and the mounting frame (6 w) is driven by the avoidance cylinder (6 d) to enable the avoidance cylinder to vertically move in a small range;
the lower surface of the rotary table (6 q) is provided with three flow guide pipes (7) which are circumferentially distributed at intervals around the motor (6 a), the tail end of each flow guide pipe (7) is provided with a dustproof spray head (7 a), one dustproof spray head (7 a) is opposite to the grinding cutter (6), and the other two dustproof spray heads (7 a) face the discharging table (2);
the discharging mechanism comprises a discharging oil cylinder (8), and a lower pressing block (8 a) is arranged on a piston rod of the discharging oil cylinder (8);
roof (2 a) keep away from the one end symmetry of drainage piece and be equipped with two proximity sensor (9), and the response end of proximity sensor (9) is towards the drainage piece.
CN202011585835.XA 2019-03-27 2019-03-27 Environment-friendly marble building materials cutting integrative equipment of polishing Pending CN112548867A (en)

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