CN112545323B - Cooking device - Google Patents

Cooking device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112545323B
CN112545323B CN202011637910.2A CN202011637910A CN112545323B CN 112545323 B CN112545323 B CN 112545323B CN 202011637910 A CN202011637910 A CN 202011637910A CN 112545323 B CN112545323 B CN 112545323B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
mounting
plate
smoke exhaust
fan
machine body
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN202011637910.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN112545323A (en
Inventor
叶斌
王东东
孙克磊
邓雁青
张世罡
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Midea Group Co Ltd
Guangdong Midea Kitchen Appliances Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Midea Group Co Ltd
Guangdong Midea Kitchen Appliances Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Midea Group Co Ltd, Guangdong Midea Kitchen Appliances Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Midea Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202011637910.2A priority Critical patent/CN112545323B/en
Publication of CN112545323A publication Critical patent/CN112545323A/en
Priority claimed from US17/560,279 external-priority patent/US20220205646A1/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN112545323B publication Critical patent/CN112545323B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J37/00Baking; Roasting; Grilling; Frying
    • A47J37/06Roasters; Grills; Sandwich grills
    • A47J37/0623Small-size cooking ovens, i.e. defining an at least partially closed cooking cavity
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J37/00Baking; Roasting; Grilling; Frying
    • A47J37/06Roasters; Grills; Sandwich grills
    • A47J37/0623Small-size cooking ovens, i.e. defining an at least partially closed cooking cavity
    • A47J37/0629Small-size cooking ovens, i.e. defining an at least partially closed cooking cavity with electric heating elements
    • A47J37/0641Small-size cooking ovens, i.e. defining an at least partially closed cooking cavity with electric heating elements with forced air circulation, e.g. air fryers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24CDOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES ; DETAILS OF DOMESTIC STOVES OR RANGES, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F24C15/00Details
    • F24C15/20Removing cooking fumes
    • F24C15/2007Removing cooking fumes from oven cavities

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of kitchen equipment, and particularly relates to a cooking device. The cooking device comprises a machine body, a mounting frame and a fan assembly, wherein a cooking cavity is formed in the machine body, the mounting frame is detachably connected with the machine body, the mounting frame comprises a mounting back plate, the mounting back plate is arranged opposite to the machine body, a smoke exhaust air channel is arranged inside the mounting back plate, and the fan assembly is connected to the machine body or the mounting frame and communicated with the smoke exhaust air channel. According to the cooking device, the smoke exhaust duct is arranged inside the mounting back plate and is separated from all components in the machine body, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, the components in the machine body cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of the components is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device is prolonged.

Description

Cooking device
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of kitchen equipment, and particularly relates to a cooking device.
Background
At present, The whole machine of OTR (over The Range) comprises a microwave oven function and an oil fume extraction function, a flue is arranged in a microwave oven body and bypasses a plurality of devices in The oven body, so that The flue has large wind resistance when exhausting fume, The fume exhaust effect is influenced, especially when The fume and The vapor are more during cooking, The fume and The vapor cannot be discharged in time, The sight line is covered, and The poor cooking experience is brought to a user. Meanwhile, when the smoke flows through the inside of the microwave oven, the smoke can contact with exposed components, so that the components are damaged and the service life of the components is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to at least solve the problem that the smoke exhaust effect is influenced because the flue is arranged in the microwave oven body. This object is achieved by:
the present invention proposes a cooking apparatus, comprising:
a body in which a cooking cavity is formed,
the mounting frame is detachably connected with the machine body and comprises a mounting back plate, the mounting back plate is opposite to the machine body, and a smoke exhaust duct is arranged inside the mounting back plate;
and the fan assembly is connected to the machine body or the mounting frame and communicated with the smoke exhaust air channel.
According to the cooking device, the smoke exhaust duct is arranged inside the mounting back plate and is separated from all components in the machine body, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, the components in the machine body cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of the components is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device is prolonged.
In addition, the cooking device according to the present invention may have the following additional technical features:
in some embodiments of the present invention, the mounting back plate includes a first mounting back plate and a second mounting back plate which are oppositely disposed, and the first mounting back plate and the second mounting back plate form the smoke exhaust duct therebetween.
In some embodiments of the invention, one of the first mounting backplate and the second mounting backplate is provided with at least one convex hull disposed towards the other.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the mounting back plate is provided with at least one rib disposed toward the machine body, and the smoke exhaust duct is formed between the mounting back plate and the machine body.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the fan assembly is disposed below the mounting backplate, the fan assembly includes a fan body and a fan housing, the fan body is disposed in the fan housing, a first inclined plane is disposed at the bottom of the fan housing, and a first air inlet is disposed on the first inclined plane.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the fan assembly is disposed above the mounting back plate, the fan assembly includes a fan body and a fan housing, the fan body is disposed inside the fan housing, the fan housing is provided with a mounting inclined plate disposed toward the machine body, and the machine body is provided with an inclined plate disposed opposite to the mounting inclined plate.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the mounting rack further includes a mounting bottom plate, the mounting bottom plate is connected to the bottom of the mounting back plate, and the mounting bottom plate is provided with a second air inlet communicated with the smoke exhaust duct.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the cross-sectional shape of the second air inlet is a bell mouth shape.
In some embodiments of the present invention, a flow guiding plate is further disposed on the mounting bottom plate, and the flow guiding plate is rotatably disposed at the second air inlet.
In some embodiments of the present invention, the mounting rack further includes a mounting top plate, the mounting top plate is connected to the top of the mounting back plate, and the machine body is inserted into an opening structure surrounded by the mounting bottom plate, the mounting back plate, and the mounting top plate.
Drawings
Various other advantages and benefits will become apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art upon reading the following detailed description of the preferred embodiments. The drawings are only for purposes of illustrating the preferred embodiments and are not to be construed as limiting the invention. Also, like parts are designated by like reference numerals throughout the drawings. Wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a cooking device having a C-shaped mounting bracket according to the present invention before assembly;
FIG. 2 is an assembled schematic view of the cooking device of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the relative positions of the body and the mounting bracket of FIG. 1 when assembled;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a mount according to another example of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an assembled structure of a machine body and a mounting frame according to another embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of an alternate angle of the mount of FIG. 4;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of the sectional structure A-A of the mounting bracket of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of a mount having a baffle according to another example of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of the mounting baseplate of FIG. 8;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a cooking device having a F-shaped mounting bracket according to the present invention before assembly;
FIG. 11 is an assembled schematic view of the cooking device of FIG. 10;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the relative position of the mounting frame with the clip structure of the present invention when assembled with the housing;
FIG. 13 is a front view of the cooking device with the mounting bracket of FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is a side elevational view of the cooking device having the mounting bracket of FIG. 12;
fig. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a housing according to another example of the present invention.
The reference numerals in the drawings denote the following:
1: a cooking device;
10: a machine body, 11: inner cavity, 111: cooking chamber, 112: inclined plate, 1121: first plate body, 1122: second plate body, 113: rear side plate, 114: top plate, 12: a housing, 13: a door body;
20: mounting frame, 21: mounting back plate, 211: first mounting backplate, 212: second mounting back plate, 213: convex hull, 214: ribs, 22: mounting base plate, 221: second air intake, 222: a baffle, 23: mounting the top plate, 24: first mounting side plate, 25: a second mounting side plate;
30: fan assembly, 31: fan body, 311: first fan, 312: second fan, 32: fan housing, 321: first slope, 322: installing an inclined plate;
40: flue gas duct, 41: first exhaust air duct, 42: a second smoke exhaust duct;
50: a cooking range;
2: a wall.
Detailed Description
Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings. While exemplary embodiments of the invention are shown in the drawings, it should be understood that the invention can be embodied in various forms and should not be limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will fully convey the scope of the invention to those skilled in the art.
It is to be understood that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular example embodiments only, and is not intended to be limiting. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" may be intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise. The terms "comprises," "comprising," "including," and "having" are inclusive and therefore specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, elements, and/or components, but do not preclude the presence or addition of one or more other features, steps, operations, elements, components, and/or groups thereof. The method steps, processes, and operations described herein are not to be construed as necessarily requiring their performance in the particular order described or illustrated, unless specifically identified as an order of performance. It should also be understood that additional or alternative steps may be used.
Although the terms first, second, third, etc. may be used herein to describe various elements, components, regions, layers and/or sections, these elements, components, regions, layers and/or sections should not be limited by these terms. These terms may be only used to distinguish one element, component, region, layer or section from another region, layer or section. Terms such as "first," "second," and other numerical terms when used herein do not imply a sequence or order unless clearly indicated by the context. Thus, a first element, component, region, layer or section discussed below could be termed a second element, component, region, layer or section without departing from the teachings of the example embodiments.
For convenience of description, spatially relative terms, such as "inner", "outer", "lower", "below", "upper", "above", and the like, may be used herein to describe one element or feature's relationship to another element or feature as illustrated in the figures. Such spatially relative terms are intended to encompass different orientations of the device in use or operation in addition to the orientation depicted in the figures. For example, if the device in the figures is turned over, elements described as "below" or "beneath" other elements or features would then be oriented "above" or "over" the other elements or features. Thus, the example term "below … …" can include both an orientation of above and below. The device may be otherwise oriented (rotated 90 degrees or at other orientations) and the spatially relative descriptors used herein interpreted accordingly.
As shown in fig. 1, a cooking apparatus 1 according to an embodiment of the present invention is an OTR device combining a microwave oven and a range hood, wherein the cooking apparatus 1 includes a body 10 and a mounting bracket 20. The machine body 10 includes an inner cavity 11 and a casing 12 sleeved outside the inner cavity 11, and the casing 12 and the inner cavity 11 are disposed at an interval, so as to prevent the user from being scalded by the high temperature of the inner cavity 11. The inner cavity 11 is formed with a cooking cavity 111 therein, and a certain high temperature can be generated in the cooking cavity 111 for heating food. The machine body 10 further includes a door 13, and the door 13 is disposed at an opening of the inner cavity 11 and rotatably connected to the outer shell 12, so that the cooking cavity 111 is opened or closed by the rotation of the door 13.
Alternatively, the mounting bracket 20 is generally fixed to the wall 2 in the room and is disposed at a certain height from the ground for fixing the body 10 of the cooking apparatus 1. The body 10 is fixed on the mounting bracket 20, and a certain distance is maintained between the lower side of the body 10 and the ground, so that the range 50 can be disposed below the body 10, and the oil smoke generated when the range 50 operates is extracted and exhausted by the fan assembly 30 in the cooking apparatus 1. In this embodiment, the machine body 10 is detachably connected to the mounting frame 20, and the mounting frame 20 is provided with a fan assembly 30 and a smoke exhaust duct 40 communicated with the fan assembly 30.
In an embodiment of this application, organism 10 and fan subassembly 30 set up alone, fan subassembly 30 is located on mounting bracket 20, and set up the flue 40 that discharges fume that is linked together with fan subassembly 30 in the inside of mounting bracket 20, compare with the integral type structure of fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 among the prior art, cooking device 1 in this embodiment loads fan subassembly 30's weight to mounting bracket 20 in advance, make original fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 total weight split be two parts, thereby alleviateed the weight of treating installation organism 10 relatively, and then be convenient for the equipment between organism 10 and mounting bracket 20, time saving and labor saving, cooking device 1's installation effectiveness has been improved effectively, customer's satisfaction is improved.
Meanwhile, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the mounting frame 20, so that the smoke exhaust duct is isolated from each component in the machine body 10, the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is increased, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, the components in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of the components in the machine body 10 is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, in one example of the present embodiment, the mounting bracket 20 includes a mounting back plate 21, a mounting bottom plate 22, and a mounting top plate 23. Installation backplate 21 sets up with organism 10 relatively, and the inside of installation backplate 21 is equipped with exhaust stack 40, and mounting plate 22 and installation roof 23 link to each other with the bottom and the top of installation backplate 21 respectively, and organism 10 pegs graft in the open structure that mounting plate 22, installation backplate 21 and installation roof 23 enclose. Wherein, installation bottom plate 22, installation backplate 21 and installation roof 23 surround into the C type open structure that sets up towards organism 10, and the inner chamber size of C type open structure is greater than the overall dimension of organism 10 to can peg graft organism 10 in C type open structure. The mounting base plate 22 not only forms a mounting space for accommodating the machine body 10, but also provides a certain supporting and fixing function for the bottom of the machine body 10, thereby further serving to stably support the machine body 10. In fig. 1, the direction of the hollow arrow is the direction of inserting the body 10 into the mounting bracket 20.
Referring to fig. 3, in an example of the present embodiment, the mounting back plate 21 includes a first mounting back plate 211 and a second mounting back plate 212 that are disposed opposite to each other, and a smoke evacuation duct 40 is formed between the first mounting back plate 211 and the second mounting back plate 212, as shown in fig. 2. First installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 are the sheet metal component, and wherein the both sides of first installation backplate 211 are equipped with the side that extends the setting towards second installation backplate 212 direction, through welding the both sides and the both sides limit of second installation backplate 212 mutually, realize the connection of first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 to inject the cavity that is used for forming smoke exhaust duct 40 between first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212. The smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the cavity between the first mounting back plate 211 and the second mounting back plate 212 and is separated from each component in the machine body 10, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, each component in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of each component in the machine body 10 is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
Further, the second installation backplate 212 of this embodiment is equipped with a plurality of convex hulls 213 that set up towards first installation backplate 211, the terminal surface and the first installation backplate 211 laminating of convex hull 213 are connected, and be used for the first installation backplate 211 of stable support, thereby make first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 form the stable bilayer structure of certain interval, thereby inject smoke exhaust duct 40, and hinder very little in smoke exhaust duct 40, the flue gas can freely circulate, the windage is less, cooking device 1's smoke exhaust effect has been improved effectively, and bilayer structure's smoke exhaust duct 30 provides stronger support intensity for mounting bracket 20. Specifically, the convex hull 213 may be formed on the surface of the second mounting backplate 212 by stamping.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the side edges may be provided on both sides of the second mounting back plate 212 and welded to the first mounting back plate 211, or the first mounting back plate 211 may be provided with a plurality of convex hulls 213 facing the second mounting back plate 212, so that the smoke evacuation duct 40 having a double-layer structure can be effectively formed.
In other examples of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 and 4, the air duct structure may be formed by stamping the mounting back plate 21 to support the machine body 10. Wherein, installation backplate 21 can only be one deck sheet metal component, forms the rib 24 towards organism 10 setting through the mode of punching press to through rib 24 and the back in close contact with of organism 10, thereby form the wind channel of discharging fume between organism 10 and installation backplate 21. The orientation of the ribs 24 defines the direction of flow of the air stream within the flue stack 40. The structure in this example also enables the smoke exhaust duct 40 to be arranged separately from each component in the machine body 10, effectively reduces airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process, improves smoke exhaust speed, ensures smoke exhaust effect, does not damage each component in the machine body 10 in the long-term smoke exhaust process, ensures reliable operation of each component, and prolongs the service life of the cooking device 1.
In other examples of the present embodiment, besides the structure of double-layer metal plate and the structure of punch forming, the smoke evacuation channel 40 may also be a pipe made of metal plate or plastic part and directly communicated with the fan assembly 30, so as to evacuate the oil smoke generated by the stove 50, wherein the cross section of the pipe may be in various shapes such as square, circular or oval, and the specific shape is not limited.
In another example of the present embodiment, a smoke exhaust duct 40 may be provided inside the machine body 10, and the fan assembly 30 may be communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 inside the machine body 10. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can be extracted to the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the machine body 10 through the action of the fan assembly 30, and is communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 through a pipeline arranged above the machine body, and finally the oil smoke is exhausted to the outside.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, in an example of the present embodiment, the fan assembly 30 of the cooking device 1 is disposed above the mounting back plate 21, and the smoke exhaust duct 40 is an air intake channel. The fan assembly 30 includes a fan body 31 and a fan housing 32, the fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32, the fan housing 32 is provided with an installation inclined plate 322 disposed toward the machine body 10, and the machine body 10 is provided with an inclined plate 112 disposed opposite to the installation inclined plate 322. The fan housing 32 is attached to the mounting top plate 23 to secure the fan assembly 30 to the mounting bracket 20. The fan body 31 is communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40, and exhausts the oil smoke generated by the stove 50 through the smoke exhaust duct 40 and finally exhausts the oil smoke to the outside through a pipeline. At this time, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is connected to the air inlet of the fan assembly for conveying the oil smoke to the fan assembly 30, so that the smoke exhaust duct 40 is an air inlet channel of the fan assembly 30.
It should be understood that when the user faces the cooking apparatus 1, the distance from the side of the cooking apparatus 1 close to the user to the side far from the user is the width of the cooking apparatus 1, the distance from the left hand side of the user to the right hand side of the user of the cooking apparatus 1 is the length of the cooking apparatus 1, and the distance from the side of the cooking apparatus 1 close to the bottom surface to the side far from the ground is the height of the cooking apparatus 1.
In the prior art, the fan assembly is located at the top of the inner cavity 11, the top of the inner cavity 11 forms a rectangular space in the width direction of the cooking apparatus 1 and the length direction of the cooking apparatus 1, the volume of the rectangular space is much larger than that of the fan assembly, and due to the existence of the rectangular space, the size of the cooking cavity 111 in the height direction of the cooking apparatus 1 is affected. In some examples of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 is disposed at a corner position of the cooking cavity 111, the fan housing 32 is disposed corresponding to the inclined plate 112, and the installation inclined plate 322 disposed opposite to the inclined plate 112 is disposed on the fan housing 32, so that the fan housing 32 only occupies a small amount of space in the height direction and other directions (width or length) of the cooking device 1 after being installed, thereby improving the overall space utilization of the cooking device 1, effectively increasing the volume of the cooking cavity 111, and improving the processing capacity of the cooking device 1 for food.
When the cooking device 1 needs to be installed, the fan housing 32 of the fan assembly 30 is first installed on the installation top plate 23, and the specific connection manner may be a plurality of manners such as inserting, riveting or bolting. After the fan assembly 30 is installed and fixed, the machine body 10 is inserted into the C-shaped opening structure surrounded by the installation back plate 21, the installation bottom plate 22 and the installation top plate 23, and the inclined plate 112 and the installation inclined plate 322 are arranged oppositely, so that the installation strength of the cooking device 1 during installation can be effectively reduced, the overall space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 is improved, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 is effectively increased, and the processing capacity of the cooking device 1 for food is improved.
As shown in fig. 1, in an example of the present embodiment, the inner chamber 11 further includes a rear side plate 113 and a top plate 114, and the top plate 114 is connected to the rear side plate 113 via an inclined plate 112. Specifically, the rear side plate 113 and the top plate 114 are respectively used for forming the cooking cavity 111, the rear side plate 113 is connected with the top plate 114 through the inclined plate 112, that is, the inclined plate 112 is arranged at a corner position above the rear part of the cooking cavity 111, when the fan assembly 30 is installed, the fan housing 32 is arranged at the outer side of the cooking cavity 111 and is arranged corresponding to the inclined plate 112, that is, the fan body 32 is arranged at the corner position at the outer side of the cooking cavity 111, the occupied volume when the fan assembly 30 is installed is further reduced, and the volume of the cooking cavity 111 can be effectively increased.
It should be understood that, in the present application, the rear side plate 113 is vertically spaced from the top plate 114, and is connected and fixed therebetween by the inclined plate 112.
In addition, the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 can be of a split structure or an integrated structure, when the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are of a split structure, the rear side plate, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are processed in a stamping mode (the three are all metal plates), so that the processing convenience is improved, when the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are of a split structure, the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are processed and manufactured respectively, and are connected and fixed in a welding or riveting mode, the split processing and manufacturing cost is low, and the manufacturing cost of the cooking device 1 is effectively reduced.
In one example of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 is a flat plate structure, the width of the flat plate structure (the distance between the top plate 114 and the rear side plate 113 of the inclined plate 112) is larger than the width of the fan assembly 30, and when the fan assembly 30 is disposed corresponding to the inclined plate 112, the installation of the fan assembly 30 only affects a partial space at the top of the rear side of the cooking cavity 111, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 is effectively increased on the original basis.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, the inclined plate 112 includes a first plate body 1121 and a second plate body 1122 which are connected to each other at an obtuse angle, the first plate body 1121 is perpendicularly connected to the rear side plate 113 and is parallel to the top plate 114, and the second plate body 1122 is connected to the top plate 114. Specifically, the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 are connected to each other, wherein the first plate 1121 is perpendicularly connected to the rear side plate 113, the second plate 1122 is connected to the top plate 114, the fan assembly 30 is corresponding to the position of the inclined plate 112, and an included angle between the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 is set to be an obtuse angle (located at a connection position outside the cooking cavity 111), so that the shape between the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 is more adaptive to the fan assembly 30, the occupied space during installation of the fan assembly 30 can be further reduced, and the overall space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 is effectively improved.
In other examples of the embodiment, the inclined plate 112 may also be an arc-shaped plate, and the shape of the arc-shaped plate is adapted to the shape of the fan assembly 30, so that the waste of space can be further reduced, the space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 can be further improved, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 can be effectively increased, and the processing capacity of food can be effectively improved.
Referring to fig. 2, 4, 6 and 7, in an example of the present embodiment, the bottom of the mounting bracket 20 is provided with a second air inlet 221, and the second air inlet 221 is communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40, so that the mounting bracket 20 is integrally formed into a C-shaped duct structure. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can enter the smoke exhaust channel 40 through the second air inlets 221 on the two sides of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and is finally exhausted to the outside through the exhausting action of the fan assembly 30. The second air inlet 221 is of a smoke collecting cavity structure with a horn-shaped opening, so that oil smoke is effectively prevented from overflowing the second air inlet 221 in the pumping-out process, the effects of collecting smoke and discharging smoke are enhanced, and the purpose of quickly discharging smoke is achieved. Specifically, the second air inlet 221 may be obtained by stamping the mounting base plate 22, and the stamped smoke collecting cavity structure also improves the mechanical strength of the mounting base plate 22. In fig. 6, the direction of the curved arrow indicates the direction of exhausting the soot generated in the range 50.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, in an example of the present embodiment, the bottom of the mounting frame 20 is further provided with a baffle 222. By adding the movably connected guide plate 222 at the second air inlet 221 of the installation bottom plate 22, the oil smoke discharging effect of the cooking device 1 can be further improved. The air deflector 222 is disposed along the length direction of the installation bottom plate 22, and two ends of the air deflector 222 in the length direction are rotatably connected to two sides of the installation bottom plate 22, so as to adjust the turning direction of the air deflector 222. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 is unstable in a flowing state and uncertain in a flowing direction in a horizontal direction, and easily escapes to other positions in a kitchen, and the fan assembly 30 and the second air inlet 221 need to be opened to prevent the oil smoke from diffusing, so that the oil smoke generated by the stove 50 is sucked into the smoke exhaust passage 40 and finally discharged to the outside. When the range 50 does not operate, the guide plate 222 does not need to be opened to guide the oil smoke generated by the range 50, and the guide plate 222 is accommodated to the bottom of the installation bottom plate 22, so that the space occupancy rate is reduced and the appearance is kept. When the stove 50 generates oil smoke during operation, the turning angle of the guide plate 222 is adjusted according to the flow rate of the oil smoke, so as to change the shielding area of the guide plate 222 on the second air inlet 221 and the flow direction of the oil smoke, so that the oil smoke is guided to enter the second air inlet 221 and is finally discharged through the smoke discharge channel 40, and the oil smoke discharge process is improved.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 10 and 11, the fan assembly 30 is disposed below the mounting back plate 21, and the smoke evacuation duct 40 is connected to the air outlet of the fan assembly 30 to serve as an air outlet channel, so that the mounting frame 20 is integrally formed into an F-shaped duct structure. Through arranging fan subassembly 30 in the below of installation backplate 21, load fan subassembly 30's weight to mounting bracket 20 in advance, make original fan subassembly 30 and organism 10's total weight split be two parts to alleviateed the weight of treating installation organism 10 relatively, and then be convenient for the equipment between organism 10 and mounting bracket 20, labour saving and time saving has improved cooking device 1's installation effectiveness effectively, improves customer's satisfaction. In this example, the fan housing 32 is provided with a first air inlet (not shown) for sucking oil smoke, so that the structures of the mounting base plate 22 and the second air inlet 221 can be reduced correspondingly. In fig. 10, the direction of the hollow arrow indicates the insertion direction of the body 10.
Meanwhile, the fan assembly 30 is arranged below the mounting frame 20, so that the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 20 can be further reduced, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10 is correspondingly enlarged, the food storage space of the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is improved. In addition, the space between the mounting bracket 20 and the range 50 can be effectively used, and the space utilization rate can be improved.
Optionally, the fan housing 32 is connected to the bottom surface of the mounting base plate 22, the bottom of the fan housing 32 is provided with a first inclined surface 321 facing the stove 50, and the first inclined surface 321 is provided with a first air inlet. In this example, the fan assembly 30 is disposed closer to the range 50, and the soot generated by the range 50 can directly enter the smoke evacuation channel 40 through the first air inlet by the pumping action of the fan assembly 30 before being diffused, and finally be discharged to the outside.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 12, the mounting bracket 20 includes a top mounting plate 23, a first side mounting plate 24, a bottom mounting plate 22, and a second side mounting plate 25, which are connected end to end in sequence, the top mounting plate 23, the first side mounting plate 24, the bottom mounting plate 22, and the second side mounting plate 25 enclose a circular structure, and the machine body 10 is inserted into the circular structure enclosed by the top mounting plate 23, the first side mounting plate 24, the bottom mounting plate 22, and the second side mounting plate 25. The fan housing 32 is connected to the top mounting plate 23, the fan housing 32 is also provided with a tilted mounting plate 322 facing the machine body 10, and the machine body 10 is provided with a tilted plate 112 opposite to the tilted mounting plate 322, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency is effectively improved. The first mounting side plate 24 and/or the second mounting side plate 25 are provided with a smoke exhaust duct 40 therein, so that a double-shaped smoke exhaust duct 40 (i.e., a space enclosed by one rectangle and another rectangle in the rectangle) is formed. The fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32 and communicates with the smoke exhaust duct 40, so that the oil smoke generated from the range 50 is exhausted through the side plates of the mounting bracket 20. The direction of the arrows in fig. 12 and 13 is the direction of the flow of the fumes in the smoke evacuation duct. The cooking device 1 in this example can also reduce the labor intensity during the installation of the machine body 10, facilitate the installation and the disassembly of the cooking device 1, and simultaneously effectively reduce the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the installation frame 20, thereby correspondingly enlarging the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10, increasing the storage space of the food in the cooking cavity 111, and further improving the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1.
Meanwhile, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the mounting frame 20 and is isolated from the components in the machine body 10, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, the components in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of the components is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
Referring to fig. 12 to 14, the fan body 31 includes a first fan 311 and a second fan 312, the smoke exhaust duct 40 includes a first smoke exhaust duct 41 disposed in the first mounting side plate 24 and a second smoke exhaust duct 42 disposed in the second mounting side plate 25, wherein the first fan 311 is communicated with the first smoke exhaust duct 41, and the second fan 312 is communicated with the second smoke exhaust duct 42, so that the first fan 311 and the second fan 312 respectively act on the first smoke exhaust duct 41 and the second smoke exhaust duct 41, thereby ensuring the oil smoke conveying efficiency and increasing the oil smoke exhaust speed of the cooking device 1.
In another example of the present embodiment, the fan assembly 30 may be disposed below the top mounting plate 23, the first mounting side plate 24, the mounting bottom plate 22 and the second mounting side plate 25 to form a circular structure, that is, the fan housing 32 is connected to the bottom surface of the mounting bottom plate 22, and the fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32 and is communicated with the exhaust air ducts 40 on both sides.
In other examples of the present embodiment, third air inlets (not shown in the drawings) may be respectively disposed at two side edges of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and the third air inlets are communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the mounting frame 20, so that when the fan assembly 30 works, an air flow system similar to an air curtain is formed below the mounting frame 20 through the third air inlets at two sides of the mounting base plate 22, thereby effectively preventing the smoke generated by the stove 50 from expanding towards the periphery, and ensuring the smoke exhaust effect of the cooking device 1.
Specifically, when the mounting frame 20 is of a clip structure or a C-shaped structure, the third air inlets may be disposed at two side edges of the mounting base plate 22; when the mounting bracket 20 is of an F-shaped structure, the third air inlet can be disposed at two side edges of the first inclined surface 321 of the fan casing 32. In the above arrangement mode, corresponding fan structures can be further added at the third air inlet, so that the air flow strength is ensured.
Further, in other examples of the present embodiment, each mounting surface inside the mounting bracket 20 is substantially planar and has a smooth transition therebetween, so that when the machine body 10 is not mounted inside the mounting bracket 20, the mounting bracket can be used as a storage cabinet, thereby improving the utilization efficiency of the mounting bracket 20.
The cooking apparatus 1 of the present embodiment further includes a first power supply line (not shown in the drawings) for supplying power to the body 10 so as to operate the cooking cavity 111 and cook food, and a second power supply line (not shown in the drawings) for supplying power to the fan assembly 30 so as to discharge oil smoke generated from the range 50 through the fan assembly 30.
In one embodiment of the present application, as shown in fig. 10 and 11, the cooking apparatus 1 includes a machine body 10, a fan assembly 30, and a mounting frame 20, wherein the machine body 10 is connected to the mounting frame 20, the machine body 10 includes an inner cavity 11 and a shell 12 sleeved outside the inner cavity 11, and the shell 12 is spaced apart from the inner cavity 11, so as to prevent a user from being scalded by a high temperature of the inner cavity 11. The inner cavity 11 is formed with a cooking cavity 111 therein, and a certain high temperature can be generated in the cooking cavity 111 for heating food. The machine body 10 further includes a door 13, and the door 13 is disposed at an opening of the inner cavity 11 and rotatably connected to the outer shell 12, so that the cooking cavity 111 is opened or closed by the rotation of the door 13. In fig. 10, the direction of the hollow arrow indicates the insertion direction of the body 10.
Alternatively, the mounting bracket 20 is generally fixed to the wall 2 in the room and is disposed at a certain height from the ground for fixing the body 10 of the cooking apparatus 1. The body 10 is fixed on the mounting bracket 20, and a certain distance is maintained between the lower side of the body 10 and the ground, so that the range 50 can be disposed below the body 10, and the oil smoke generated when the range 50 operates is extracted and exhausted by the fan assembly 30 in the cooking apparatus 1.
In an example of the present embodiment, the machine body 10 and the fan assembly 30 are separately disposed, the mounting frame 20 includes a mounting back plate 21 and a mounting top plate 23, the mounting back plate 21 is disposed opposite to the machine body 10, the mounting back plate 21 is provided with a smoke exhaust duct 40 communicated with the fan assembly 30, and the fan assembly 30 is connected to the bottom of the mounting back plate 21 and communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40. The fan assembly 30 can directly act on the soot generated from the range 50 below the mounting frame 20 and draw the soot out into the smoke evacuation duct 40 before diffusion and discharge the soot outdoors.
The cooking apparatus 1 in this example can effectively use the space between the mounting frame 20 and the range 50 by disposing the fan assembly 30 below the mounting back plate 21, thereby improving space utilization. In addition, the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 30 can be reduced, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10 is correspondingly enlarged, the storage space of food in the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is improved.
Meanwhile, in this embodiment, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is disposed in the mounting frame 20, so that the smoke exhaust duct is isolated from the components in the machine body 10, thereby effectively reducing airflow resistance during smoke exhaust, increasing smoke exhaust speed, ensuring smoke exhaust effect, preventing damage to the components in the machine body 10 during long-term smoke exhaust, ensuring reliable operation of the components in the machine body 10, and prolonging the service life of the cooking device 1.
In an example of the embodiment, the machine body 10 and the fan assembly 30 are separately arranged, the fan assembly 30 is arranged below the mounting back plate 21, the weight of the fan assembly 30 is loaded onto the mounting frame 20 in advance, and the original total weight of the fan assembly 30 and the machine body 10 is split into two parts, so that the weight of the machine body 10 to be mounted is relatively reduced, the assembly between the machine body 10 and the mounting frame 20 is facilitated, time and labor are saved, the mounting efficiency of the cooking device 1 is effectively improved, and the satisfaction of customers is improved.
The fan assembly 30 includes a fan body 31 and a fan housing 32, the fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32, the fan housing 32 is connected to the bottom of the mounting backplate 21, a first inclined surface 321 is disposed at the bottom of the fan housing 32, and a first air inlet (not shown in the figure) communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 is disposed on the first inclined surface 321. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can directly enter the smoke exhaust channel 40 through the first air inlet by the exhausting action of the fan assembly 30, and finally is discharged to the outside. In this process, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is connected to the air outlet of the fan assembly 30, and is an air outlet passage. Since the fan housing 32 in this embodiment is provided with the first air inlet (not shown) for sucking the oil smoke, the structures of the mounting base plate 22 and the second air inlet 221 can be reduced accordingly.
Referring to fig. 3 and 11, in an example of the present embodiment, the mounting back plate 21 also includes a first mounting back plate 211 and a second mounting back plate 212 that are oppositely disposed, and the smoke evacuation duct 40 is formed between the first mounting back plate 211 and the second mounting back plate 212. First installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 are the sheet metal component, and wherein the both sides of first installation backplate 211 are equipped with the side that extends the setting towards second installation backplate 212 direction, through welding the both sides and the both sides limit of second installation backplate 212 mutually, realize the connection of first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 to inject the cavity that is used for forming smoke exhaust duct 40 between first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212. The smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the cavity between the first mounting back plate 211 and the second mounting back plate 212 and is separated from each component in the machine body 10, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, each component in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of each component is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
Further, second installation backplate 212 is equipped with a plurality of convex hulls 213 that set up towards first installation backplate 211, the terminal surface and the first installation backplate 211 laminating of convex hull 213 are connected, and be used for supporting first installation backplate 211, thereby make first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 form the stable bilayer structure of certain interval, thereby inject exhaust flue 40, and the obstruction is very little in exhaust flue 40, the flue gas can freely circulate, the windage is less, the smoke exhaust effect of cooking device 1 has been improved effectively, and bilayer structure's exhaust flue 40 provides stronger support intensity for mounting bracket 20. Specifically, the convex hull 213 may be formed on the surface of the second mounting backplate 212 by stamping.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the side edges may be provided on both sides of the second mounting back plate 212 and welded to the first mounting back plate 211, or the first mounting back plate 211 may be provided with a plurality of convex hulls 213 facing the second mounting back plate 212, so that the smoke evacuation duct 40 having a double-layer structure can be effectively formed.
As shown in fig. 4 and 11, in another example of the present embodiment, a separate air duct structure may be formed by punching the mounting back plate 21 and used to support the machine body 10. Wherein, the installation backplate 21 can be only one deck sheet metal component, forms the rib 214 that sets up towards organism 10 through the mode of punching press to through rib 214 and the back in close contact with of organism 10, thereby form exhaust flue 40 between organism 10 and installation backplate 21. The orientation of the ribs 214 defines the direction of flow of the air stream within the flue stack 40. The structure in this example also enables the smoke exhaust duct 40 to be arranged separately from each component in the machine body 10, effectively reduces airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process, improves smoke exhaust speed, ensures smoke exhaust effect, does not damage each component in the machine body 10 in the long-term smoke exhaust process, ensures reliable operation of each component, and prolongs the service life of the cooking device 1.
In other examples of the present embodiment, besides the structure of double-layer metal plate and the structure of punch forming, the smoke exhaust channel 40 may also be a pipe made of metal plate or plastic part and directly communicated with the fan assembly 30, so as to exhaust the smoke, wherein the cross section of the pipe may be in various shapes such as square, circular or oval, and the specific shape is not limited.
When the cooking device 1 needs to be installed, the fan assembly 30 is first installed at the bottom of the installation back plate 21, and the specific connection mode may be a plurality of modes such as inserting, riveting or bolting. After the fan assembly 30 is mounted and fixed, the body 10 is mounted on the mounting back plate 21, so that the mounting strength of the cooking apparatus 1 during mounting can be effectively reduced. Meanwhile, the fan assembly 30 is arranged below the mounting back plate 21, and compared with the fan assembly 30 mounted inside the mounting frame 20, the mounting space is larger, so that the fan assembly 30 is convenient to mount and dismount.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the mounting bracket 20 may further include a top mounting plate 23, a first side mounting plate 24, a bottom mounting plate 22, and a second side mounting plate 25, which are sequentially connected end to end, the top mounting plate 23, the first side mounting plate 24, the bottom mounting plate 22, and the second side mounting plate 25 enclose a loop structure, and the machine body 10 is inserted into the loop structure (i.e., a space enclosed by one rectangle and another rectangle in the rectangle) enclosed by the top mounting plate 23, the first side mounting plate 24, the bottom mounting plate 22, and the second side mounting plate 25.
Wherein the fan housing 32 is attached to the bottom surface of the mounting plate 22 such that the fan assembly 30 is positioned below the mounting bracket. The first mounting side plate 24 and/or the second mounting side plate 25 are provided with a smoke exhaust duct 40 therein, so that a zigzag-shaped smoke exhaust duct 40 is formed. The fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32 and communicates with the smoke exhaust duct 40, so that the oil smoke generated from the range 50 is exhausted through the side plates of the mounting bracket 20. The direction of the arrow in fig. 12 and 13 is the direction of the flow of the soot in the smoke evacuation duct 40. The smoke exhaust duct 40 is communicated with the air outlet of the fan assembly 30, and therefore is an air outlet duct.
The fan body 31 in this example may also include a first fan 311 and a second fan 312, the first fan 311 and the second fan 312 are both disposed below the mounting base plate through the fan housing 32, the smoke exhaust duct 40 includes a first smoke exhaust duct 41 disposed in the first mounting side plate 24 and a second smoke exhaust duct 42 disposed in the second mounting side plate 25, wherein the first fan 311 is communicated with the first smoke exhaust duct 41, and the second fan 312 is communicated with the second smoke exhaust duct 42, so as to respectively act on the first smoke exhaust duct 41 and the second smoke exhaust duct 41 through the first fan 311 and the second fan 312, thereby ensuring the oil smoke conveying efficiency and improving the oil smoke exhaust speed of the cooking device 1.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 11 and 15, the fan assembly 30 is connected to the machine body 10 and disposed below the mounting back plate 21, and the fan assembly 30 and the machine body 10 are integrally configured. When the air conditioner is installed, the machine body 10 is connected with the installation back plate 21, the fan assembly 30 is naturally arranged below the machine body 10, the installation space between the installation frame 20 and the stove 50 can be effectively utilized, and the space utilization rate is improved. Meanwhile, the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 20 is reduced, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10 is correspondingly enlarged, the food storage space of the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is improved.
In another example of the present embodiment, a smoke exhaust duct 40 may be provided inside the machine body 10, and the fan assembly 30 may be communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 inside the machine body 10. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can be extracted to the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the machine body 10 by the action of the fan assembly 30, and is finally exhausted to the outside by arranging a pipeline above the machine body 10 to communicate with the smoke exhaust duct 40.
In other examples of the present embodiment, third air inlets (not shown in the drawings) may be respectively disposed at two side edges of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and the third air inlets are communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the mounting frame 20, so that when the fan assembly 30 works, an air flow system similar to an air curtain is formed below the mounting frame 20 through the third air inlets at two sides of the mounting base plate 22, thereby effectively preventing the smoke generated by the stove 50 from expanding towards the periphery, and ensuring the smoke exhaust effect of the cooking device 1.
Specifically, when the mounting frame 20 is of a clip-shaped structure, the third air inlets may be disposed at two side edges of the mounting base plate 22; when the mounting bracket 20 is of an F-shaped structure, the third air inlet can be disposed at two side edges of the first inclined surface 321 of the fan casing 32. In the above arrangement mode, corresponding fan structures can be further added at the third air inlet, so that the air flow strength is ensured.
In one example of the present embodiment, the cooking apparatus 1 further includes a first power supply line (not shown) for supplying power to the body 10 to operate the cooking cavity 111 and cook food, and a second power supply line (not shown) for supplying power to the fan assembly 30 to discharge soot generated from the range 50 through the fan assembly 30.
In one embodiment of the present application, as shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the cooking apparatus 1 includes a machine body 10 and a mounting frame 20, the machine body 10 includes an inner cavity 11 and a housing 12 sleeved outside the inner cavity 11, and the housing 12 is spaced apart from the inner cavity 11, so as to prevent a user from being scalded by a high temperature of the inner cavity 11. The inner cavity 11 is formed with a cooking cavity 111 therein, and a certain high temperature can be generated in the cooking cavity 111 for heating food. The machine body 10 further includes a door 13, and the door 13 is disposed at an opening of the inner cavity 11 and rotatably connected to the outer shell 12, so that the cooking cavity 111 is opened or closed by the rotation of the door 13. The mounting bracket 20 is generally fixed to the wall 2 of the room and is disposed at a certain height from the ground for fixing the body 10 of the cooking apparatus 1. The body 10 is fixed on the mounting bracket 20, and a certain distance is maintained between the lower side of the body 10 and the ground, so that the range 50 can be disposed below the body 10, and the oil smoke generated when the range 50 operates is extracted and exhausted by the fan assembly 30 in the cooking apparatus 1. The mounting rack 20 is detachably connected with the machine body 10, the mounting rack 20 includes a mounting back plate 21, the mounting back plate 21 is opposite to the machine body 10, and a smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged inside the mounting back plate 21.
In the cooking device 1 of the present embodiment, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is disposed inside the installation back plate 21 and is separated from each component in the machine body 10, so that airflow resistance during smoke exhaust can be effectively reduced, smoke exhaust speed can be increased, smoke exhaust effect can be ensured, damage to each component in the machine body 10 during long-term smoke exhaust can be avoided, reliable operation of each component can be ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 can be prolonged.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, in one example of the present embodiment, the mounting bracket 20 includes a mounting back plate 21, a mounting bottom plate 22, and a mounting top plate 23. Installation backplate 21 sets up with organism 10 relatively, and the inside of installation backplate 21 is equipped with exhaust stack 40, and mounting plate 22 and installation roof 23 link to each other with the bottom and the top of installation backplate 21 respectively, and organism 10 pegs graft in the open structure that mounting plate 22, installation backplate 21 and installation roof 23 enclose. Wherein, installation bottom plate 22, installation backplate 21 and installation roof 23 surround into the C type open structure that sets up towards organism 10, and the inner chamber size of C type open structure is greater than the overall dimension of organism 10 to can peg graft organism 10 in C type open structure. The mounting base plate 22 not only forms a mounting space for accommodating the machine body 10, but also provides a certain supporting and fixing function for the bottom of the machine body 10, thereby further serving to stably support the machine body 10. In fig. 1, the direction of the hollow arrow is the direction of inserting the body 10 into the mounting bracket 20.
In an example of this embodiment, fan subassembly 30 is split type structure with organism 10, fan subassembly 30 is located on mounting bracket 20, and be linked together with the wind channel 40 that discharges fume in the installation backplate 21, compare with the integral type structure of fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 among the prior art, cooking device 1 in this embodiment loads fan subassembly 30's weight to mounting bracket 20 in advance, make original fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 total weight split be two parts, thereby alleviateed the weight of treating installation organism 10 relatively, and then be convenient for the equipment between organism 10 and mounting bracket 20, time saving and labor saving, cooking device 1's installation effectiveness has been improved effectively, customer's satisfaction is improved.
Referring to fig. 3, in an example of the present embodiment, the mounting back plate 21 includes a first mounting back plate 211 and a second mounting back plate 212 that are disposed opposite to each other, and a smoke evacuation duct 40 is formed between the first mounting back plate 211 and the second mounting back plate 212, as shown in fig. 2. First installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 are the sheet metal component, and wherein the both sides of first installation backplate 211 are equipped with the side that extends the setting towards second installation backplate 212 direction, through welding the both sides and the both sides limit of second installation backplate 212 mutually, realize the connection of first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 to inject the cavity that is used for forming smoke exhaust duct 40 between first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212. The smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the cavity between the first mounting back plate 211 and the second mounting back plate 212 and is separated from each component in the machine body 10, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, each component in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of each component in the machine body 10 is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
Further, second installation backplate 212 is equipped with a plurality of convex hulls 213 that set up towards first installation backplate 211, the terminal surface and the first installation backplate 211 laminating of convex hull 213 are connected, and be used for the first installation backplate 211 of stabilizing support, thereby make first installation backplate 211 and second installation backplate 212 form the stable bilayer structure of certain interval, thereby inject exhaust flue 40, and the obstruction is very little in exhaust flue 40, the flue gas can freely circulate, the windage is less, the smoke exhaust effect of cooking device 1 has been improved effectively, and bilayer structure's exhaust flue 30 provides stronger support intensity for mounting bracket 20. Specifically, the convex hull 213 may be formed on the surface of the second mounting backplate 212 by stamping.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the side edges may be provided on both sides of the second mounting back plate 212 and welded to the first mounting back plate 211, or the first mounting back plate 211 may be provided with a plurality of convex hulls 213 facing the second mounting back plate 212, so that the smoke evacuation duct 40 having a double-layer structure can be effectively formed.
In other examples of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 2 and 4, the air duct structure may be formed by stamping the mounting back plate 21 and used to support the machine body 10. Wherein, installation backplate 21 can only be one deck sheet metal component, forms the rib 24 towards organism 10 setting through the mode of punching press to through rib 24 and the back in close contact with of organism 10, thereby form the wind channel of discharging fume between organism 10 and installation backplate 21. The orientation of the ribs 24 defines the direction of flow of the air stream within the flue stack 40. The structure in this example also enables the smoke exhaust duct 40 to be arranged separately from each component in the machine body 10, effectively reduces airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process, improves smoke exhaust speed, ensures smoke exhaust effect, does not damage each component in the machine body 10 in the long-term smoke exhaust process, ensures reliable operation of each component, and prolongs the service life of the cooking device 1.
In other examples of the present embodiment, besides the structure of double-layer metal plate and the structure of punch forming, the smoke evacuation channel 40 may also be a pipe made of metal plate or plastic part and directly communicated with the fan assembly 30, so as to evacuate the oil smoke generated by the stove 50, wherein the cross section of the pipe may be in various shapes such as square, circular or oval, and the specific shape is not limited.
Referring to fig. 1 to 3, the fan assembly 30 of the cooking device 1 of the present embodiment is disposed above the mounting back plate 21, and the smoke exhaust duct 40 is an air intake channel. The fan assembly 30 includes a fan body 31 and a fan housing 32, the fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32, the fan housing 32 is provided with an installation inclined plate 322 disposed toward the machine body 10, and the machine body 10 is provided with an inclined plate 112 disposed opposite to the installation inclined plate 322. The fan housing 32 is attached to the mounting top plate 23 to secure the fan assembly 30 to the mounting bracket 20. The fan body 31 is communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40, and exhausts the oil smoke generated by the stove 50 through the smoke exhaust duct 40 and finally exhausts the oil smoke to the outside through a pipeline. At this time, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is used for conveying the oil smoke to the fan assembly 30, and thus the smoke exhaust duct 40 is an air intake passage of the fan assembly 30.
It should be understood that when the user faces the cooking apparatus 1, the distance from the side of the cooking apparatus 1 close to the user to the side far from the user is the width of the cooking apparatus 1, the distance from the left hand side of the user to the right hand side of the user of the cooking apparatus 1 is the length of the cooking apparatus 1, and the distance from the side of the cooking apparatus 1 close to the bottom surface to the side far from the ground is the height of the cooking apparatus 1.
In the prior art, the fan assembly is located at the top of the inner cavity 11, the top of the inner cavity 11 forms a rectangular space in the width direction of the cooking apparatus 1 and the length direction of the cooking apparatus 1, the volume of the rectangular space is much larger than that of the fan assembly, and due to the existence of the rectangular space, the size of the cooking cavity 111 in the height direction of the cooking apparatus 1 is affected. In some examples of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 is disposed at a corner position of the cooking cavity 111, the fan housing 32 is disposed corresponding to the inclined plate 112, and the installation inclined plate 322 disposed opposite to the inclined plate 112 is disposed on the fan housing 32, so that the fan housing 32 only occupies a small amount of space in the height direction and other directions (width or length) of the cooking device 1 after being installed, thereby improving the overall space utilization of the cooking device 1, effectively increasing the volume of the cooking cavity 111, and improving the processing capacity of the cooking device 1 for food.
When the cooking device 1 needs to be installed, the fan housing 32 of the fan assembly 30 is first installed on the installation top plate 23, and the specific connection manner may be a plurality of manners such as inserting, riveting or bolting. After the fan assembly 30 is installed and fixed, the machine body 10 is inserted into the C-shaped opening structure surrounded by the installation back plate 21, the installation bottom plate 22 and the installation top plate 23, and the inclined plate 112 and the installation inclined plate 322 are arranged oppositely, so that the installation strength of the cooking device 1 during installation can be effectively reduced, the overall space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 is improved, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 is effectively increased, and the processing capacity of the cooking device 1 for food is improved.
As shown in fig. 1, the inner chamber 11 further includes a rear side plate 113 and a top plate 114, and the top plate 114 is connected to the rear side plate 113 via an inclined plate 112. Specifically, the rear side plate 113 and the top plate 114 are respectively used for forming the cooking cavity 111, the rear side plate 113 is connected with the top plate 114 through the inclined plate 112, that is, the inclined plate 112 is arranged at a corner position above the rear part of the cooking cavity 111, when the fan assembly 30 is installed, the fan housing 32 is arranged at the outer side of the cooking cavity 111 and is arranged corresponding to the inclined plate 112, that is, the fan body 32 is arranged at the corner position at the outer side of the cooking cavity 111, the occupied volume when the fan assembly 30 is installed is further reduced, and the volume of the cooking cavity 111 can be effectively increased.
It should be understood that, in the present application, the rear side plate 113 is vertically spaced from the top plate 114, and is connected and fixed therebetween by the inclined plate 112.
In addition, the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 can be of a split structure or an integrated structure, when the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are of a split structure, the rear side plate, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are processed in a stamping mode (the three are all metal plates), so that the processing convenience is improved, when the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are of a split structure, the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are processed and manufactured respectively, and are connected and fixed in a welding or riveting mode, the split processing and manufacturing cost is low, and the manufacturing cost of the cooking device 1 is effectively reduced.
In one example of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 is a flat plate structure, the width of the flat plate structure (the distance between the top plate 114 and the rear side plate 113 of the inclined plate 112) is larger than the width of the fan assembly 30, and when the fan assembly 30 is disposed corresponding to the inclined plate 112, the installation of the fan assembly 30 only affects a partial space at the top of the rear side of the cooking cavity 111, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 is effectively increased on the original basis.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, the inclined plate 112 includes a first plate body 1121 and a second plate body 1122 which are connected to each other at an obtuse angle, the first plate body 1121 is perpendicularly connected to the rear side plate 113 and is parallel to the top plate 114, and the second plate body 1122 is connected to the top plate 114. Specifically, the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 are connected to each other, wherein the first plate 1121 is perpendicularly connected to the rear side plate 113, the second plate 1122 is connected to the top plate 114, the fan assembly 30 is corresponding to the position of the inclined plate 112, and an included angle between the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 is set to be an obtuse angle (located at a connection position outside the cooking cavity 111), so that the shape between the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 is more adaptive to the fan assembly 30, the occupied space during installation of the fan assembly 30 can be further reduced, and the overall space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 is effectively improved.
In another example of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 may also be an arc-shaped plate, and the shape of the arc-shaped plate is adapted to the shape of the fan assembly 30, so that the waste of space can be further reduced, the space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 can be further improved, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 can be effectively increased, and the processing capacity of food can be effectively improved.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the fan assembly 30 and the machine body 10 may also be an integral structure, so that the fan assembly 30 and the machine body 10 are jointly plugged into the C-shaped structure of the mounting bracket 20.
Referring to fig. 2, 4, 6 and 7, in an example of the present embodiment, the bottom of the mounting bracket 20 is provided with a second air inlet 221, and the second air inlet 221 is communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40, so that the mounting bracket 20 is integrally formed into a C-shaped duct structure. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can enter the smoke exhaust channel 40 through the second air inlets 221 on the two sides of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and is finally exhausted to the outside through the exhausting action of the fan assembly 30. The second air inlet 221 is of a smoke collecting cavity structure with a horn-shaped opening, so that oil smoke is effectively prevented from overflowing the second air inlet 221 in the pumping-out process, the effects of collecting smoke and discharging smoke are enhanced, and the purpose of quickly discharging smoke is achieved. Specifically, the second air inlet 221 may be obtained by stamping the mounting base plate 22, and the stamped smoke collecting cavity structure also improves the mechanical strength of the mounting base plate 22. In fig. 5, the direction of the curved arrow indicates the direction of exhausting the soot generated in the range 50.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, in an example of the present embodiment, the bottom of the mounting frame 20 is further provided with a baffle 222. By adding the movably connected guide plate 222 at the second air inlet 221 of the installation bottom plate 22, the oil smoke discharging effect of the cooking device 1 can be further improved. The air deflector 222 is disposed along the length direction of the installation bottom plate 22, and two ends of the air deflector 222 in the length direction are rotatably connected to two sides of the installation bottom plate 22, so as to adjust the turning direction of the air deflector 222. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 is unstable in a flowing state and uncertain in a flowing direction in a horizontal direction, and easily escapes to other positions in a kitchen, and the fan assembly 30 and the second air inlet 221 need to be opened to prevent the oil smoke from diffusing, so that the oil smoke generated by the stove 50 is sucked into the smoke exhaust passage 40 and finally discharged to the outside. When the range 50 does not operate, the guide plate 222 does not need to be opened to guide the oil smoke generated by the range 50, and the guide plate 222 is accommodated to the bottom of the installation bottom plate 22, so that the space occupancy rate is reduced and the appearance is kept. When the stove 50 generates oil smoke during operation, the turning angle of the guide plate 222 is adjusted according to the flow rate of the oil smoke, so as to change the shielding area of the guide plate 222 on the second air inlet 221 and the flow direction of the oil smoke, so that the oil smoke is guided to enter the second air inlet 221 and is finally discharged through the smoke discharge channel 40, and the oil smoke discharge process is improved.
In another example of the present embodiment, a smoke exhaust duct 40 may be provided inside the machine body 10, and the fan assembly 30 may be communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 inside the machine body 10. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can be extracted to the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the machine body 10 by the action of the fan assembly 30, and is finally exhausted to the outside by arranging a pipeline above the machine body 10 to communicate with the smoke exhaust duct 40.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 10 and 11, the fan assembly 30 is provided separately from the machine body 10, the fan assembly 30 is provided below the mounting back plate 21, and the exhaust air duct 40 is connected to the air outlet of the fan assembly 30 to serve as an air outlet passage, so that the mounting frame 20 is integrally formed into an F-shaped air duct structure. Through arranging fan subassembly 30 in the below of installation backplate 21, load fan subassembly 30's weight to mounting bracket 20 in advance, make original fan subassembly 30 and organism 10's total weight split be two parts to alleviateed the weight of treating installation organism 10 relatively, and then be convenient for the equipment between organism 10 and mounting bracket 20, labour saving and time saving has improved cooking device 1's installation effectiveness effectively, improves customer's satisfaction. In this example, the first air inlet for sucking the oil smoke is provided in the fan housing 32, so that the structures of the mounting base plate 22 and the second air inlet 221 can be reduced accordingly.
Meanwhile, the fan assembly 30 is arranged below the mounting frame 20, so that the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 20 can be further reduced, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10 is correspondingly enlarged, the food storage space of the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is improved. In addition, the space between the mounting bracket 20 and the range 50 can be effectively used, and the space utilization rate can be improved.
In one example of the present embodiment, the fan housing 32 is connected to the bottom surface of the mounting base plate 22, the bottom of the fan housing 32 is provided with a first inclined surface 321 facing the stove 50, and the first inclined surface 321 is provided with a first air inlet (not shown). The fan assembly 30 is disposed closer to the range 50, and the oil smoke generated by the range 50 can directly enter the smoke exhaust channel 40 through the first air inlet by the pumping action of the fan assembly 30 before being diffused, and finally be exhausted to the outside. Since the fan housing 32 is provided with the first air inlet for absorbing the oil smoke, the mounting base plate 22 and the second air inlet 221 of the mounting base plate 22 can be correspondingly eliminated.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 11 and 15, the fan assembly 30 is connected to the machine body 10 and disposed below the mounting back plate 21, and the fan assembly 30 and the machine body 10 are integrally configured. When the air conditioner is installed, the machine body 10 is connected with the installation back plate 21, the fan assembly 30 is naturally arranged below the machine body 10, the installation space between the installation frame 20 and the stove 50 can be effectively utilized, and the space utilization rate is improved. Meanwhile, the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 20 is reduced, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10 is correspondingly enlarged, the food storage space of the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is improved.
In an example of the present embodiment, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is disposed in the mounting frame 20 and is separated from each component in the machine body 10, so that airflow resistance during smoke exhaust can be effectively reduced, smoke exhaust speed can be increased, smoke exhaust effect can be ensured, damage to each component in the machine body 10 during long-term smoke exhaust can be avoided, reliable operation of each component can be ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 can be prolonged.
In other examples of the present embodiment, third air inlets (not shown in the drawings) may be respectively disposed at two side edges of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and the third air inlets are communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the mounting frame 20, so that when the fan assembly 30 works, an air flow system similar to an air curtain is formed below the mounting frame 20 through the third air inlets at two sides of the mounting base plate 22, thereby effectively preventing the smoke generated by the stove 50 from expanding towards the periphery, and ensuring the smoke exhaust effect of the cooking device 1.
Specifically, when the mounting bracket 20 is a C-shaped structure, the third air inlets may be disposed at two side edges of the mounting base plate 22; when the mounting bracket 20 is of an F-shaped structure, the third air inlet can be disposed at two side edges of the first inclined surface 321 of the fan casing 32. In the above arrangement mode, corresponding fan structures can be further added at the third air inlet, so that the air flow strength is ensured.
Further, in other examples of the present embodiment, each mounting surface inside the mounting bracket 20 is substantially planar and has a smooth transition therebetween, so that when the machine body 10 is not mounted inside the mounting bracket 20, the mounting bracket can be used as a storage cabinet, thereby improving the utilization efficiency of the mounting bracket 20.
The cooking apparatus 1 of the present embodiment further includes a first power supply line (not shown in the drawings) for supplying power to the body 10 so as to operate the cooking cavity 111 and cook food, and a second power supply line (not shown in the drawings) for supplying power to the fan assembly 30 so as to discharge oil smoke generated from the range 50 through the fan assembly 30.
In one embodiment of the present application, as shown in fig. 12 to 14, the cooking apparatus 1 includes a body 10, a fan assembly 30, and a mounting bracket 20. The machine body 10 comprises an inner cavity 11 and a shell 12 sleeved outside the inner cavity 11, wherein the shell 12 and the inner cavity 11 are arranged at intervals, so that the user is prevented from being scalded by the high temperature of the inner cavity 11. The inner cavity 11 is formed with a cooking cavity 111 therein, and a certain high temperature can be generated in the cooking cavity 111 for heating food. The machine body 10 further includes a door 13, and the door 13 is disposed at an opening of the inner cavity 11 and rotatably connected to the outer shell 12, so that the cooking cavity 111 is opened or closed by the rotation of the door 13.
In one example of the present embodiment, the mounting bracket 20 is generally fixed to the wall 2 in the room and is disposed at a certain height from the ground for fixing the body 10 of the cooking apparatus 1. The body 10 is fixed on the mounting bracket 20, and a certain distance is maintained between the lower side of the body 10 and the ground, so that the range 50 can be disposed below the body 10, and the oil smoke generated when the range 50 operates is extracted and exhausted by the fan assembly 30 in the cooking apparatus 1. The mounting bracket 20 includes a mounting top plate 23, a first mounting side plate 24, a mounting bottom plate 22 and a second mounting side plate 25 which are sequentially connected end to end, the mounting top plate 23, the first mounting side plate 24, the mounting bottom plate 22 and the second mounting side plate 25 surround to form a circular structure (namely, a space surrounded by a rectangle and another rectangle in the rectangle), and the machine body 10 is inserted into the circular structure surrounded by the mounting top plate 23, the first mounting side plate 24, the mounting bottom plate 22 and the second mounting side plate 25. Wherein, a smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the first installation side plate 24 and/or the second installation side plate 24.
In an example of this embodiment, fan subassembly 30 is connected with mounting bracket 20 split type, fan subassembly 30 is located on mounting bracket 20, and be linked together with the wind channel 40 that discharges fume in first installation curb plate 24 and/or the second installation curb plate 24, compare with the integral type structure of fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 among the prior art, cooking device 1 in this embodiment loads fan subassembly 30's weight to mounting bracket 20 in advance, make original fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 total weight split into two parts, thereby lightened the weight of organism 10 of waiting to install relatively, and then be convenient for the equipment between organism 10 and mounting bracket 20, labour saving and time saving has improved cooking device 1's installation effectiveness effectively, improve customer's satisfaction.
Meanwhile, the smoke exhaust duct 40 is arranged in the mounting frame 20, so that the smoke exhaust duct is isolated from each component in the machine body 10, the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is increased, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, the components in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of the components in the machine body 10 is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
As shown in fig. 3, 12 and 13, in one example of the present embodiment, the first mounting side plate 24 includes a first support plate (not shown) and a second support plate (not shown) that are disposed opposite to each other, and a first exhaust duct 41 is formed between the first support plate and the second support plate. The first support plate and the second support plate are sheet metal parts, wherein two sides of the first support plate are provided with side edges extending towards the second support plate, the two sides of the second support plate are welded with the two side edges, connection of the first support plate and the second support plate is achieved, and a cavity used for the first exhaust air duct 41 is defined between the first support plate and the second support plate. The first smoke exhaust duct 41 is arranged in the cavity between the first support plate and the second support plate and is separated from each component in the machine body 10, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is improved, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, each component in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of each component is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
Further, the second extension board is equipped with a plurality of convex hulls (not shown in the figure) that set up towards first extension board, the terminal surface and the first extension board laminating of convex hull are connected, and be used for supporting first extension board, thereby make first extension board and second extension board form the stable bilayer structure of certain interval, thereby inject first exhaust flue 41, and do not have any hindrance in the first exhaust flue 41, the flue gas can freely circulate, the windage is less, cooking device 1's smoke exhaust effect has been improved effectively, and bilayer structure's first exhaust flue 41 provides stronger support intensity for mounting bracket 20 specifically, can adopt the mode of punching press to form the convex hull.
In another example of the present embodiment, the first exhaust duct 41 having a double-layer structure can be effectively formed by providing side edges on both sides of the second stay and welding the side edges to the first stay, or by providing a plurality of convex hulls on the first stay facing the second stay.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the first mounting side plate 24 may be punched to form a wind channel structure for independent wind and used to support the machine body 10. Wherein, first installation curb plate 24 can only be one deck sheet metal component, forms the rib that sets up towards organism 10 through the mode of punching press to through the side in close contact with of rib and organism 10, thereby form first flue 41 of discharging fume between organism 10 and first installation curb plate 24. The arrangement direction of the ribs defines the flow direction of the airflow in the first smoke exhaust duct 41. The structure in this example can also make the first exhaust air duct 41 and each component in the machine body 10 be arranged separately, effectively reduce the airflow resistance in the exhaust process, improve the exhaust speed, ensure the exhaust effect, and will not cause damage to each component in the machine body 10 in the long-term exhaust process, ensure the reliable operation of each component and improve the service life of the cooking device.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the first smoke exhaust duct 41 may further adopt a duct made of a sheet metal part or a plastic part to directly communicate with the fan assembly, in addition to the structure of double-layer sheet metal and the structure of punch forming, so as to exhaust the oil smoke, wherein the cross section of the duct may be in various shapes such as square, circular or oval, and the specific shape is not limited.
In the present embodiment, the second installation side plate 25 and the first installation side plate 24 may be identical or different in structure, and the second smoke evacuation duct 42 may be formed in the second installation side plate 25.
In this example, the smoke exhaust duct is disposed in the mounting frame 20 and is isolated from the components in the machine body 10, so that the airflow resistance in the smoke exhaust process can be effectively reduced, the smoke exhaust speed is increased, the smoke exhaust effect is ensured, the components in the machine body 10 cannot be damaged in the long-term smoke exhaust process, the reliable operation of the components is ensured, and the service life of the cooking device 1 is prolonged.
Referring to fig. 12 to 14, the fan assembly 30 of the present embodiment includes a fan body 31 and a fan housing 32, and the fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32. The fan housing 32 of the present embodiment is connected to the mounting top plate 23, the fan housing 32 is also provided with the mounting inclined plate 322 disposed toward the machine body 10, and the machine body 10 is provided with the inclined plate 112 disposed opposite to the mounting inclined plate 322, thereby increasing the volume in the cooking cavity 111 and effectively improving the cooking efficiency. The first mounting side plate 24 and/or the second mounting side plate 25 are provided with a smoke exhaust duct 40 therein, so that a zigzag-shaped smoke exhaust duct 40 is formed. The fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32 and communicates with the smoke exhaust duct 40, so that the oil smoke generated from the range 50 is exhausted through the side plates of the mounting bracket 20. The direction of the arrows in fig. 13 and 14 is the direction of the flow of the fumes in the smoke evacuation duct. The cooking apparatus 1 in this example can also effectively reduce the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 20, so as to correspondingly enlarge the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10, improve the storage space of food in the cooking cavity 111, and further improve the cooking efficiency of the cooking apparatus 1.
When the cooking device 1 needs to be installed, the fan assembly 30 is first installed on the installation top plate 23, and the specific connection mode may be a plurality of modes such as inserting, riveting or bolting. After the fan assembly 30 is installed and fixed, the body 10 is inserted into the square-shaped structure surrounded by the top installation plate 23, the first installation side plate 24, the installation bottom plate 22 and the second installation side plate 25, and the inclined plate 112 and the installation inclined plate 322 are arranged oppositely, so that the installation strength of the cooking device 1 during installation can be effectively reduced. Cooking device 1 in this example, locate fan subassembly 30 on mounting bracket 20, and set up in the wind channel 40 of discharging fume that fan subassembly 30 is linked together in mounting bracket 30's inside, compare with the integral type structure of fan subassembly and organism among the prior art, cooking device 1 in this embodiment loads fan subassembly 30's weight to mounting bracket 20 in advance, make original fan subassembly 30 and organism 10 total weight split be two parts, thereby alleviateed the weight of waiting to install organism 10 relatively, and then be convenient for the equipment between organism 10 and mounting bracket 20, time saving and labor saving, cooking device 1's installation effectiveness has been improved effectively, customer's satisfaction is improved.
Meanwhile, the fan housing 32 is configured to have the structure of the installation inclined plate 322, and compared with the fan housing 32 with a square structure in the prior art, the occupied space of the fan housing 32 in the installation frame 20 can be effectively reduced, so that the space occupancy rate of the machine body 10 is improved, the space of the cooking cavity of the machine body 10 is further improved, the storage space of food in the cooking cavity 111 is improved, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is further improved.
In one example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the inner chamber may also include a rear side plate 113 and a top plate 114, and the top plate 114 is connected to the rear side plate 113 by an inclined plate 112. Specifically, the rear side plate 113 and the top plate 114 are respectively used for forming the cooking cavity 111, the rear side plate 113 is connected with the top plate 114 through the inclined plate 112, that is, the inclined plate 112 is arranged at a corner position above the rear part of the cooking cavity 111, when the fan assembly 30 is installed, the fan housing 32 is arranged at the outer side of the cooking cavity 111 and is arranged corresponding to the inclined plate 112, that is, the fan body 32 is arranged at the corner position at the outer side of the cooking cavity 111, the occupied volume when the fan assembly 30 is installed is further reduced, and the volume of the cooking cavity 111 can be effectively increased.
It should be understood that, in the present application, the rear side plate 113 is vertically spaced from the top plate 114, and is connected and fixed therebetween by the inclined plate 112.
In addition, the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 can be of a split structure or an integrated structure, when the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are of a split structure, the rear side plate, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are processed in a stamping mode (the three are all metal plates), so that the processing convenience is improved, when the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are of a split structure, the rear side plate 113, the inclined plate 112 and the top plate 114 are processed and manufactured respectively, and are connected and fixed in a welding or riveting mode, the split processing and manufacturing cost is low, and the manufacturing cost of the cooking device 1 is effectively reduced.
In one example of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 is a flat plate structure, the width of the flat plate structure (the distance between the top plate 114 and the rear side plate 113 of the inclined plate 112) is larger than the width of the fan assembly 30, and when the fan assembly 30 is disposed corresponding to the inclined plate 112, the installation of the fan assembly 30 only affects a partial space at the top of the rear side of the cooking cavity 111, so that the volume of the cooking cavity 111 is effectively increased on the original basis.
In another example of the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 5, the inclined plate 112 includes a first plate body 1121 and a second plate body 1122 which are connected to each other at an obtuse angle, the first plate body 1121 is perpendicularly connected to the rear side plate 113 and is parallel to the top plate 114, and the second plate body 1122 is connected to the top plate 114. Specifically, the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 are connected to each other, wherein the first plate 1121 is perpendicularly connected to the rear side plate 113, the second plate 1122 is connected to the top plate 114, the fan assembly 30 is corresponding to the position of the inclined plate 112, and an included angle between the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 is set to be an obtuse angle (located at a connection position outside the cooking cavity 111), so that the shape between the first plate 1121 and the second plate 1122 is more adaptive to the fan assembly 30, the occupied space during installation of the fan assembly 30 can be further reduced, and the overall space utilization rate of the cooking device 1 is effectively improved.
In some examples of the present embodiment, the inclined plate 112 may also be an arc-shaped plate, and the shape of the arc-shaped plate is adapted to the shape of the fan assembly 30, so that the waste of space can be further reduced, the space utilization rate of the cooking apparatus 1 can be further improved, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 can be effectively increased, and the processing capacity of food can be effectively improved.
In an example of the present embodiment, the fan body 31 includes a first fan 311 and a second fan 312, the smoke exhaust duct 40 includes a first smoke exhaust duct 41 disposed in the first mounting side plate 24, and a second smoke exhaust duct 42 disposed in the second mounting side plate 25, wherein the first fan 311 is communicated with the first smoke exhaust duct 41, and the second fan 312 is communicated with the second smoke exhaust duct 42, so as to act on the first smoke exhaust duct 41 and the second smoke exhaust duct 41 respectively through the first fan 311 and the second fan 312, thereby ensuring the transportation efficiency of the oil smoke and improving the speed of the oil smoke exhausted from the cooking device 1.
Referring to fig. 12 to 14, in an example of the present embodiment, second air inlets 221 are respectively formed at two sides of the bottom of the mounting bracket 20, and the second air inlets 221 are communicated with the smoke evacuation duct 40, so that the mounting bracket 20 is integrally formed into a C-shaped duct structure. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can enter the smoke exhaust channel 40 through the second air inlets 221 on the two sides of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and is finally exhausted to the outside through the exhausting action of the fan assembly 30. The second air inlet 221 is of a smoke collecting cavity structure with a horn-shaped opening, so that oil smoke is effectively prevented from overflowing the second air inlet 221 in the pumping-out process, the effects of collecting smoke and discharging smoke are enhanced, and the purpose of quickly discharging smoke is achieved. Specifically, the second air inlet 221 may be obtained by stamping the mounting base plate 22, and the stamped smoke collecting cavity structure also improves the mechanical strength of the mounting base plate 22. In fig. 5, the direction of the curved arrow indicates the direction of exhausting the soot generated in the range 50.
As shown in fig. 8 and 9, in an example of the present embodiment, the bottom of the mounting frame 20 is further provided with a baffle 222. By adding the movably connected guide plate 222 at the second air inlet 221 of the installation bottom plate 22, the oil smoke discharging effect of the cooking device 1 can be further improved. The air deflector 222 is disposed along the length direction of the installation bottom plate 22, and two ends of the air deflector 222 in the length direction are rotatably connected to two sides of the installation bottom plate 22, so as to adjust the turning direction of the air deflector 222. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 is unstable in a flowing state and uncertain in a flowing direction in a horizontal direction, and easily escapes to other positions in a kitchen, and the fan assembly 30 and the second air inlet 221 need to be opened to prevent the oil smoke from diffusing, so that the oil smoke generated by the stove 50 is sucked into the smoke exhaust passage 40 and finally discharged to the outside. When the range 50 does not operate, the guide plate 222 does not need to be opened to guide the oil smoke generated by the range 50, and the guide plate 222 is accommodated to the bottom of the installation bottom plate 22, so that the space occupancy rate is reduced and the appearance is kept. When the stove 50 generates oil smoke during operation, the turning angle of the guide plate 222 is adjusted according to the flow rate of the oil smoke, so as to change the shielding area of the guide plate 222 on the second air inlet 221 and the flow direction of the oil smoke, so that the oil smoke is guided to enter the second air inlet 221 and is finally discharged through the smoke discharge channel 40, and the oil smoke discharge process is improved.
In another example of the present embodiment, a smoke exhaust duct 40 may be provided inside the machine body 10, and the fan assembly 30 may be communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 inside the machine body 10. The oil smoke generated by the stove 50 can be extracted to the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the machine body 10 by the action of the fan assembly 30, and is finally exhausted to the outside by arranging a pipeline above the machine body 10 to communicate with the smoke exhaust duct 40.
In another example of the present embodiment, the fan assembly 30 may be disposed below a return-type structure surrounded by the top mounting plate 23, the first mounting side plate 24, the mounting bottom plate 22 and the second mounting side plate 25, that is, the fan housing 32 is connected to the bottom surface of the mounting bottom plate 22, and the fan body 31 is disposed in the fan housing 32 and is communicated with the exhaust air ducts 40 on both sides. It is also possible to effectively reduce the labor intensity in mounting the body 10 and to effectively utilize the space between the mounting bracket 20 and the range 50.
Meanwhile, the fan assembly 30 is arranged below the mounting frame 20, so that the space occupancy rate of the fan assembly 30 in the mounting frame 20 can be further reduced, the volume of the cooking cavity 111 in the machine body 10 is correspondingly enlarged, the food storage space of the cooking cavity 111 is increased, and the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1 is improved. In addition, the space between the mounting bracket 20 and the range 50 can be effectively used, and the space utilization rate can be improved.
In this example, the fan housing 32 is connected to the bottom surface of the mounting base plate 22, the bottom of the fan housing 32 is provided with a first inclined surface 321 facing the stove 50, and the first inclined surface 321 is provided with a first air inlet (not shown). The fan assembly 30 is disposed closer to the range 50, and the oil smoke generated by the range 50 can directly enter the smoke exhaust channel 40 through the first air inlet by the pumping action of the fan assembly 30 before being diffused, and finally be exhausted to the outside.
In other examples of the present embodiment, the fan assembly 30 may also be a one-piece structure with the machine body 10 and be inserted together with the machine body 10 into a loop structure surrounded by the top mounting plate 23, the first mounting side plate 24, the bottom mounting plate 22 and the second mounting side plate 25. The fan housing 32 has an installation inclined plate 322 facing the machine body 10, and the machine body 10 has an inclined plate 112 opposite to the installation inclined plate 322, so as to increase the volume of the cooking cavity 111 and effectively improve the cooking efficiency of the cooking device 1.
In other examples of the present embodiment, third air inlets (not shown in the drawings) may be respectively disposed at two side edges of the bottom of the mounting frame 20, and the third air inlets are communicated with the smoke exhaust duct 40 in the mounting frame 20, so that when the fan assembly 30 works, an air flow system similar to an air curtain is formed below the mounting frame 20 through the third air inlets at two sides of the mounting base plate 22, thereby effectively preventing the smoke generated by the stove 50 from expanding towards the periphery, and ensuring the smoke exhaust effect of the cooking device 1.
Specifically, the third air inlet may be disposed at two side edges of the mounting base plate 22, and a corresponding blower structure may be further added at the third air inlet, so as to ensure the strength of the air flow.
Further, in other examples of the present embodiment, each mounting surface inside the mounting bracket 20 is substantially planar and has a smooth transition therebetween, so that when the machine body 10 is not mounted inside the mounting bracket 20, the mounting bracket can be used as a storage cabinet, thereby improving the utilization efficiency of the mounting bracket 20.
In one example of the present embodiment, the cooking apparatus 1 further includes a first power supply line (not shown) for supplying power to the body 10 to operate the cooking cavity 111 and cook food, and a second power supply line (not shown) for supplying power to the fan assembly 30 to discharge soot generated from the range 50 through the fan assembly 30.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any changes or substitutions that can be easily conceived by those skilled in the art within the technical scope of the present invention are included in the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the claims.

Claims (9)

1. A cooking device, comprising:
a body in which a cooking cavity is formed,
the mounting frame is detachably connected with the machine body and comprises a mounting back plate, the mounting back plate is opposite to the machine body and comprises a first mounting back plate and a second mounting back plate which are opposite, and a smoke exhaust duct is formed between the first mounting back plate and the second mounting back plate;
and the fan assembly is connected to the machine body or the mounting frame and communicated with the smoke exhaust air channel.
2. The cooking apparatus of claim 1, wherein one of the first and second mounting back plates is provided with at least one convex hull disposed toward the other.
3. The cooking device of claim 1, wherein the mounting plate is provided with at least one rib disposed toward the housing, and the exhaust duct is formed between the mounting plate and the housing.
4. The cooking device of claim 1, wherein the fan assembly is disposed below the mounting backplate, the fan assembly comprises a fan body and a fan housing, the fan body is disposed in the fan housing, a first inclined surface is disposed at a bottom of the fan housing, and a first air inlet is disposed on the first inclined surface.
5. The cooking device of claim 1, wherein the fan assembly is disposed above the mounting backplate, the fan assembly comprises a fan body and a fan housing, the fan body is disposed inside the fan housing, the fan housing is provided with a mounting tilt plate disposed toward the housing, and the housing is provided with a tilt plate disposed opposite to the mounting tilt plate.
6. The cooking device of claim 5, wherein the mounting frame further comprises a mounting bottom plate, the mounting bottom plate is connected with the bottom of the mounting back plate, and a second air inlet communicated with the smoke exhaust duct is formed in the mounting bottom plate.
7. The cooking apparatus of claim 6, wherein the second air inlet has a flared cross-sectional shape.
8. The cooking device of claim 6, wherein a deflector is further disposed on the mounting base, the deflector being rotatably disposed at the second air inlet.
9. The cooking device of claim 6, wherein the mounting bracket further comprises a top mounting plate connected to a top of the back mounting plate, and the housing is inserted into an opening defined by the bottom mounting plate, the back mounting plate, and the top mounting plate.
CN202011637910.2A 2020-12-31 2020-12-31 Cooking device Active CN112545323B (en)

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