CN112545024A - Garlic clove separating and grading machine and using method - Google Patents

Garlic clove separating and grading machine and using method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112545024A
CN112545024A CN202011294994.4A CN202011294994A CN112545024A CN 112545024 A CN112545024 A CN 112545024A CN 202011294994 A CN202011294994 A CN 202011294994A CN 112545024 A CN112545024 A CN 112545024A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
garlic
clove
rotating roller
vibrating
screen
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011294994.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
崇峻
张光辉
刘勇
沈永帅
赵梦宇
崇璐
田静
甄田魁
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jinan Huaqing Agricultural Machinery Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Jinan Huaqing Agricultural Machinery Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jinan Huaqing Agricultural Machinery Technology Co ltd filed Critical Jinan Huaqing Agricultural Machinery Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011294994.4A priority Critical patent/CN112545024A/en
Publication of CN112545024A publication Critical patent/CN112545024A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/42Drive mechanisms, regulating or controlling devices, or balancing devices, specially adapted for screens
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N2015/008Sorting of fruit and vegetables

Abstract

The invention discloses a garlic clove separating and grading machine and a using method thereof, which solve the problem of high labor intensity of garlic processing in the prior art, have the beneficial effects of convenient operation and labor intensity reduction, and have the following specific scheme: the utility model provides a garlic clove grader, includes the split mechanism, and the split mechanism includes the support frame, and the support frame supports rotatable live-rollers, and live-rollers ring sets up a plurality of lugs, sets up the split piece in one side of live-rollers, and the split piece is the arc, and the centre of a circle of split piece sets up with the central axis homonymy of live-rollers, forms the passageway that garlic and \ or garlic kind removed between split piece and the live-rollers.

Description

Garlic clove separating and grading machine and using method
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural production, in particular to a garlic clove separating and grading machine and a using method thereof.
Background
The statements in this section merely provide background information related to the present disclosure and may not necessarily constitute prior art.
At present, in the planting production process of garlic, a plurality of fresh garlic need to be subjected to processes such as splitting after planting, then artificial grading is carried out, and then the garlic flows to the market.
Although there are some grading machines, it can only realize grading of garlic, but cannot realize other procedures such as splitting and the like of garlic, and the function is single.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a garlic clove separating and grading machine which can realize garlic clove separation and multi-stage grading of garlic seeds, is high in working efficiency and has higher practicability.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention is realized by the following technical scheme:
a garlic clove separating and grading machine comprises:
the garlic clove separating mechanism comprises a supporting frame, the supporting frame supports a rotatable rotating roller, a plurality of convex blocks are annularly arranged on the rotating roller, a garlic clove separating piece is arranged on one side of the rotating roller, the garlic clove separating piece is arc-shaped, the circle center of the garlic clove separating piece is arranged on the same side with the central axis of the rotating roller, a garlic and/or garlic seed moving channel is formed between the garlic clove separating piece and the rotating roller, a discharge port is formed at the tail end of the garlic channel, the garlic is driven by the rotating roller to move between the rotating roller and the garlic clove separating piece along with the rotation of the rotating roller, and garlic is subjected to garlic clove separating under the extrusion action of the garlic clove separating piece and the rotating;
the vibrating screening mechanism is arranged below the sectioning mechanism, and a screening inlet of the vibrating screening mechanism is positioned below a discharge port of the sectioning mechanism.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the rotary roller is annularly provided with a plurality of circles of lugs, each circle of lugs is provided with a plurality of lugs, a set distance is set between every two adjacent lugs in each circle, the lugs in the two adjacent circles are arranged in a staggered mode, the arrangement of the lugs enables the rotary roller to be annularly in an uneven structure, garlic is in contact extrusion between the lugs and the garlic clove separating piece, and garlic can be conveniently separated; and the two connected circles of the convex blocks are arranged in a staggered manner, and the two adjacent convex blocks in each circle of the convex blocks form a garlic seed temporary space after garlic is split, so that the integrity of the garlic after being split is ensured.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the garlic clove separating piece comprises the bent plate close to the rotating roller, the bent plate is connected with the arc-shaped fixing plate, the top end of the fixing plate is movably connected with the rack, the bent plate is made of flexible materials and can be rubber, the rotating roller is a rubber roller, the rubber has large friction, and when garlic bulbs move to a position between the bent plate and the rotating roller, the garlic bulbs are separated through the bent plate and the rotating roller due to the action of friction.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the clove separating piece is provided with the clove separating size adjusting rod relative to the other side of the bent plate, one end of the clove separating size adjusting rod is connected with the bottom end of the fixing plate, the other end of the clove separating size adjusting rod penetrates through the support frame to be arranged, the horizontal portion of the clove separating size adjusting rod is horizontally arranged, the elastic piece is arranged between the middle portion of the clove separating size adjusting rod and the support frame, the pressure of the garlic clove separating piece can be guaranteed due to the arrangement of the elastic piece and the garlic clove separating size adjusting rod, the garlic clove separating machine is beneficial to garlic clove separating, the pressure of the bent plate in the garlic clove separating piece can be adjusted through the arrangement of the elastic piece and the garlic clove separating size.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the clove separating size adjusting rod is a screw rod, the screw rod can move transversely relative to the supporting frame, one end of the screw rod is connected with the clove separating piece, the screw rod is provided with a nut on the outer side of the supporting frame, the nut is a butterfly nut, the telescopic movement of the screw rod is completed by rotating the nut, the distance between the bent plate and the rotating roller can be adjusted, and the garlic clove separating and grading machine is suitable for garlic bulbs with different sizes;
one end of the elastic part is abutted to the inner side of the support frame, the screw rod is provided with a limiting nut at the other end of the elastic part, and the pressure applied by the elastic part to the bent plate and the extrusion of garlic can be ensured through the arrangement of the limiting nut and the nut on the outer side of the support frame.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the supporting frame can be replaced by a box body, the top of the box body or the supporting frame is provided with the feeding port, the feeding port is arranged above the space between the rotating roller and the garlic clove separating piece, the side part of the box body or the supporting frame is provided with the discharging port, the garlic clove separating piece is arc-shaped and has a flow guiding effect on the movement of garlic seeds, and the bottom side of the garlic clove separating piece is close to the discharging port;
the box body or the supporting frame forms a feeding opening by arranging a feeding plate inclining downwards.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the vibrating screening mechanism comprises a rack, the rack is movably provided with the vibrating screen, the vibrating screen comprises at least one layer of screen cloth which is arranged up and down, screening holes of the screen cloth are sequentially reduced from top to bottom, the bottom of the vibrating screen is provided with the bottom plate, the vibrating screen vibrates to drive garlic seeds to gradually move down, and effective grading of the garlic seeds is achieved through one layer of screen cloth or multiple layers of screen cloth with screening holes of different sizes.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, one side of the vibrating screen exceeds the rack, the vibrating screen is arranged obliquely relative to the rack, the vibrating screen is provided with the screening inlet at the outer side of the rack, and the screening inlet is arranged below the outer side of the discharge hole of the support frame, so that garlic seeds smoothly enter the vibrating screening mechanism after passing through garlic cloves;
the screen cloth and the bottom plate are respectively provided with a screening outlet, so that the classified garlic seeds are conveniently collected, and the screening outlets arranged on the screen cloth and the bottom plate are arranged in a staggered manner.
According to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the vibrating screen is connected with the second motor, the second motor is connected with the vibrating screen through the crank connecting rod mechanism, the swinging of the vibrating screen is realized through the arrangement of the crank connecting rod mechanism, and the screening effect of the vibrating screen is further ensured;
the shale shaker is in the superiors all sides of screen cloth set up many and hang the pole, each hang the pole with frame swing joint to the realization is to the suspension of shale shaker.
In a second aspect, the invention also provides a use method of the garlic clove separating and grading machine, which comprises the following steps:
the garlic falls above the rotating roller, and the rotating roller rotates to drive the garlic to gradually enter between the rotating roller and the splitting piece, so that the garlic is split;
the garlic seeds after being split fall into the uppermost layer of the vibrating screening mechanism for screening, along with the vibration of the vibrating screening mechanism, the garlic seeds with larger sizes are discharged through the screen outlet of the screen on the uppermost layer, the garlic seeds with smaller sizes move downwards to enter the screen on the middle layer, or fall into the bottom of the vibrating screen, part of the garlic seeds are discharged through the screen on the middle layer, and part of the garlic seeds are discharged through the bottom of the vibrating screen.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1) according to the garlic clove separating and grading machine, the garlic cloves can be quickly and effectively separated through the arrangement of the garlic clove separating and grading machine and the arrangement of the garlic clove separating mechanism and the vibrating screening mechanism, meanwhile, garlic clove grading is completed, the labor intensity of workers can be greatly relieved through the whole set of mechanism, and the garlic clove separating and grading effect is guaranteed.
2) According to the garlic clove separating device, the garlic bulbs can be driven to be between the rotating roller and the garlic clove separating piece through the rotation of the rotating roller through the arrangement of the garlic clove separating device, and garlic can be effectively separated through the extrusion of the rotating roller and the garlic clove separating piece and the cooperation of the multiple circles of protruding blocks arranged in the circumferential direction of the rotating roller.
3) According to the garlic clove separating device, the elastic piece enables the clove separating size adjusting rod to keep set pressure on the bent plate through the arrangement of the clove separating size adjusting rod, and the garlic clove separating effect is guaranteed; the distance between the splitting piece and the rotating roller can be adjusted to realize splitting of garlic with different sizes.
4) According to the invention, through the arrangement of the vibration screening mechanism, the garlic seeds after being split can directly fall into the vibration screen for vibration screening, the vibration screening mechanism is provided with at least one layer of screen cloth, so that at least two-stage garlic seed classification can be realized, the vibration screen is in a suspension type, and the vibration screen can swing while vibrating, so that the vibration screening effect of the vibration screen is effectively ensured, and the screening speed is improved.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, are included to provide a further understanding of the invention, and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate exemplary embodiments of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a clove separating mechanism in a garlic clove separating grader according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a first overall schematic diagram of a garlic clove classifier according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a whole garlic clove grader according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a third schematic diagram of the whole garlic clove classifier according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a fourth overall schematic diagram of a garlic clove classifier according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a side view of the whole garlic clove grader according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a first schematic view of a vibratory screening mechanism in a garlic clove classifier according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of a vibratory screening mechanism in a garlic clove classifier according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a third schematic view of a vibrating screening mechanism in a garlic clove classifier according to one or more embodiments of the present invention.
In the figure: the spacing or dimensions between each other are exaggerated to show the location of the various parts, and the schematic is shown only schematically.
Wherein: 1. the vibration screening device comprises a spring, 2, a variable frequency speed regulator, 3, a first motor, 4, a driving chain wheel, 5, a rotating roller, 6, a driven chain wheel, 7, a bent plate, 8, a splitting piece, 9, a splitting size adjusting rod, 10, a supporting frame, 11, a rack, 12, a feeding port, 13, a box body, 14, a discharging port, 15, a vibrating screen, 16, a second motor, 17, a vibrating screen remote rod, 18, a screening outlet, 19, a screening inlet, 20, a nut, 21, a suspension rod, 22, a middle layer screen mesh, 23, an uppermost layer screen mesh, 24, an eccentric rotation remote rod, 25, a supporting bearing, 26, a fixing rod, 27, a lug, 28, a feeding plate and 29 a baffle.
Detailed Description
It is to be understood that the following detailed description is exemplary and is intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed. Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs.
It is noted that the terminology used herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of exemplary embodiments according to the invention. As used herein, the singular forms "a", "an", and/or "the" are intended to include the plural forms as well, unless the invention expressly state otherwise, and it should be understood that when the terms "comprises" and/or "comprising" are used in this specification, they specify the presence of stated features, steps, operations, devices, components, and/or combinations thereof;
for convenience of description, the words "up", "down", "left" and "right" in the present invention, if any, merely indicate correspondence with up, down, left and right directions of the drawings themselves, and do not limit the structure, but merely facilitate the description of the invention and simplify the description, rather than indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the invention.
Term interpretation section: the terms "mounted," "connected," "fixed," and the like in the present invention are to be understood in a broad sense, and for example, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "fixed" may be fixed, detachable, or integrated; the two components can be connected mechanically or electrically, directly or indirectly through an intermediate medium, or connected internally or in an interaction relationship, and the terms used in the present invention should be understood as having specific meanings to those skilled in the art.
As introduced in the background art, the problem of high labor intensity of the subsequent processing procedure of garlic exists in the prior art, and the invention provides a garlic clove grading machine and a use method thereof in order to solve the technical problem.
In a typical embodiment of the present invention, a garlic clove separating and grading machine comprises a garlic clove separating mechanism, as shown in fig. 1, the garlic clove separating mechanism comprises a supporting frame 10, the supporting frame supports a rotatable rotating roller 5, the rotating roller is provided with a plurality of protrusions 27 in a circumferential direction, a garlic clove separating member is provided at one side of the rotating roller 5, the garlic is driven by the rotating roller to move between the rotating roller and the garlic clove separating member, and the garlic heads are driven to be squeezed between the rotating roller and the garlic clove separating member along with the rotation of the rotating roller 5, so as to realize garlic clove separation.
Referring to fig. 5, the rotating roller is fixed to the supporting frame through a supporting bearing 25, a plurality of circles of protruding blocks are arranged in the circumferential direction of the rotating roller, each circle is provided with a plurality of protruding blocks, a set distance is set between every two adjacent circles of protruding blocks, the protruding blocks of the two adjacent circles are arranged in a staggered mode, and the rotating roller is a rubber roller to avoid damage to the garlic.
Wherein the sectioning part 8 is arc-shaped, the inner side of the sectioning part is provided with a bent plate 7, the bent plate 7 is arranged at the inner side of the rotating roller, and a certain distance is formed between the bent plate 7 and the rotating roller to form a garlic moving channel; wherein the bending plate 7 is made of flexible material, and can be made of rubber material, so as to avoid damage to garlic.
The bent plate 7 is connected with the arc-shaped fixed plate, the top end of the fixed plate is fixed with the frame, the fixed plate is arranged at two positions on the outer side of the bent plate, the two fixed plates are parallel to each other, the inner side edges of the two fixed plates are fixedly connected with the bent plate, the top sides of the two fixed plates are movably connected with the frame, and therefore the fixed plates drive the bent plate to move, and the distance of the bent plate relative to the rotating roller is adjusted.
A split size adjusting rod 9 is arranged on the other side of the split part, opposite to the bent plate, one end of the split size adjusting rod is connected with the bottom end of the split part fixing plate, the other end of the split size adjusting rod penetrates through a support frame 10, and an elastic part is arranged between the middle part of the split size adjusting rod and the support frame; the elastic piece is a spring 1, and the spring enables the clove size adjusting rod to keep set pressure on the bent plate, so that the garlic clove splitting effect is guaranteed; according to the soft and hard degree of the garlic bulbs, the pressure of the bent plate 7 is controlled by adjusting the spring, so that the requirement of splitting garlic bulbs with different sizes is met; the garlic bulbs enter from the feeding port, are split through the channel between the rotating roller and the bent plate, and then fall to the vibrating screening mechanism from the discharge port.
The radius of the split piece bent plate is larger than that of the rotating roller, the circle center of the split piece bent plate is arranged on the same side of the central axis of the rotating roller, and the connecting end of the split size adjusting rod and the split piece middle fixing plate is arranged in the southwest direction of the central line of the rotating roller.
In addition, in this embodiment, the split size adjusting rod 9 is a screw rod, the screw rod can move transversely relative to the support frame, the screw rod is connected with the bottom end of the split fixing plate, a nut 20 is arranged on the screw rod outside the support frame, the nut can be a butterfly nut, one end of the spring abuts against the inner side of the support frame, and a limit nut is arranged on the other end of the spring; thus, the butterfly nut is rotated, and the screw rod moves relative to the support frame to drive the fixed plate and the bent plate to move.
In order to realize the rotation of the rotating roller, the rotating roller is connected with a first motor 3, the first motor is powered by an external power supply, the external power supply is connected with a variable frequency speed regulator 2, the variable frequency speed regulator 2 is connected with the first motor, the first motor drives the rotating roller to rotate through a transmission mechanism, the transmission mechanism can be a chain wheel and chain mechanism, as shown in a figure 4, specifically, the transmission mechanism comprises a driving chain wheel 4 and a driven chain wheel 6 which are arranged on the outer side of a support frame, the driven chain wheel 6 is fixed with the rotating roller, the rotating roller is matched with a peeling piece to realize garlic peeling, garlic peeling and garlic peeling can be realized, and according to the size of garlic, a bending plate and the distance between the bending plate and the rotating roller are controlled by adjusting a peeling size adjusting.
In some examples, the supporting frame 10 may be replaced by a box 13, a housing may be disposed outside the supporting frame and the box, the box enables the splitting mechanism to form a semi-closed structure, as shown in fig. 2, a material inlet 12 is disposed at the top of the box or the supporting frame, the material inlet 12 is disposed above the rotating roller, the material inlet is formed by disposing a material inlet plate 28 inclined downward on the box 13 or the supporting frame, two sides of the material inlet plate 28 are bent, and two sides of the material inlet plate are fixed with the box or the supporting frame, a material outlet 14 is disposed at a side portion of the box or the supporting frame, and a bottom side of the splitting member is disposed near the material outlet, so that the bent plate inside the splitting member also plays a guiding role to deliver the split garlic seeds to the material.
In order to conveniently control the rotating speed of the motor, an operating button of the variable-frequency speed regulator 2 is arranged beyond the shell.
Referring to fig. 2-6, the garlic clove sorting machine further comprises a vibrating sifting mechanism arranged below the clove separating mechanism, and a sifting inlet of the vibrating sifting mechanism is positioned below a discharging outlet of the clove separating mechanism.
The vibrating screening mechanism comprises a frame 11, a supporting frame or a box body is arranged on the top side of the frame 11, as shown in fig. 7-9, a vibrating screen 15 is movably arranged on the frame 11, the vibrating screen comprises at least one layer of screen mesh which is arranged up and down, and a bottom plate is arranged at the bottom of the vibrating screen, namely one layer of screen mesh is arranged, so that two-stage grading can be realized; each layer of screen cloth is provided with screening holes which can be round or rectangular, the optimal screening holes are rectangular, the screening holes of the screen cloth are sequentially reduced from top to bottom, and each layer of screen cloth and the bottom plate are provided with screening outlets 18 to discharge garlic seeds, so that garlic seed grading is realized.
One side of shale shaker 15 surpasss the frame setting, and the shale shaker sets up screening entry 19 in the frame outside, and the shale shaker sets up baffle 29 in the week side top of screening entrance, and the transverse section of baffle is the U type, can make the garlic kind get into the screening entry smoothly through setting up of baffle, and the one side of the top of screening entry is located to the discharge gate of split mechanism, and the garlic is after the split like this, gets into the screening entry from the discharge gate of split mechanism.
Further, the shale shaker slope sets up, and screen cloth and bottom plate all incline to set up promptly, and the screening of shale shaker entry is higher than the screening export setting of the superiors' screen cloth promptly.
In this embodiment, the vibrating screen is connected with the second motor 16, and the second motor is connected with the vibrating screen through the crank link mechanism, so that the vibrating screen not only can realize vibration, but also can swing, the screening effect is further ensured, and the screening speed is improved.
Specifically, crank link mechanism includes eccentric gyration telebar 24 and shale shaker telebar 17, and the second motor is vibrating motor, and vibrating motor passes through frame 11 and supports, and the output of second motor sets up eccentric gyration telebar 24, and eccentric gyration telebar is connected with the one end of shale shaker telebar 17, and the other end of shale shaker telebar is connected with the dead lever 26 that is fixed in the shale shaker bottom plate, through the action of second motor, eccentric gyration telebar and shale shaker telebar, drives the multilayer screen cloth and realizes the vibration.
In addition, the vibration screening mechanism is a suspension vibration screening mechanism, a plurality of suspension rods 21 are arranged on the periphery of the uppermost screen cloth of the vibration screen, and each suspension rod 21 is movably connected with the frame and can be hinged.
A method for using a garlic clove separating and grading machine comprises the following steps:
the garlic falls above the rotating roller, and the rotating roller rotates to drive the garlic to gradually enter between the rotating roller and the splitting piece, so that the garlic is split;
the garlic seeds after being split fall into the uppermost layer of the vibrating screening mechanism for screening, along with the vibration of the vibrating screening mechanism, the garlic seeds with larger size are discharged through the screen outlet of the screen 23 at the uppermost layer, the garlic seeds with smaller size move downwards to enter the screen at the middle layer or fall into the screen at the bottommost layer, part of the garlic seeds are discharged through the screening outlet 18 of the screen 22 at the middle layer, and part of the garlic seeds are discharged through the screening outlet at the bottom of the screen.
From this, the shale shaker that sets up the screen cloth sets up two-layer screen cloth through hanging pole swing joint in the frame, in this embodiment, and through the screen cloth, the garlic clove can be accomplished the cubic and is hierarchical, finally discharges through the screen cloth export of each layer screen cloth, and the screen cloth export of intermediate level screen cloth sets up along the length direction of shale shaker in addition, and two-layer screen cloth export sets up respectively in the lateral part of shale shaker in addition, and these two screen cloth exports set up respectively in two directions, conveniently carry out the collection of garlic kind in the screen cloth export.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention and is not intended to limit the present invention, and various modifications and changes may be made by those skilled in the art. Any modification, equivalent replacement, or improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A garlic clove separating and grading machine is characterized by comprising:
the garlic clove separating mechanism comprises a supporting frame, the supporting frame supports a rotatable rotating roller, a plurality of convex blocks are annularly arranged on the rotating roller, a garlic clove separating piece is arranged on one side of the rotating roller, the garlic clove separating piece is arc-shaped, a channel for moving garlic and/or garlic seeds is formed between the garlic clove separating piece and the rotating roller, and a discharge port is formed at the tail end of the channel;
the vibrating screening mechanism is arranged below the sectioning mechanism, and a screening inlet of the vibrating screening mechanism is positioned below a discharge port of the sectioning mechanism.
2. A garlic clove grading machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotating roller is provided with a plurality of circles of projections, each circle is provided with a plurality of projections, and two adjacent projections of each circle are spaced apart by a set distance, and the projections of two adjacent circles are staggered.
3. A garlic clove grading machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the clove separating part comprises a bent plate arranged close to the rotating roller, the bent plate is connected with an arc-shaped fixed plate, and the top end of the fixed plate is movably connected with the frame.
4. The garlic clove grading machine as claimed in claim 3, wherein the clove separating piece is provided with a clove size adjusting rod with respect to the other side of the bending plate, one end of the clove size adjusting rod is connected with the bottom end of the fixing plate, the other end of the clove size adjusting rod is arranged through the supporting frame, the clove size adjusting rod is horizontally arranged, and an elastic member is arranged between the middle part of the clove size adjusting rod and the supporting frame.
5. The garlic clove grader as claimed in claim 4, wherein the clove size adjusting rod is a screw rod, the screw rod is movable transversely relative to the supporting frame, one end of the screw rod is connected with the clove separating piece, and a nut is arranged on the screw rod outside the supporting frame;
one end of the elastic piece is abutted against the inner side of the support frame, and the screw rod is provided with a limit nut at the other end of the elastic piece.
6. The garlic clove grading machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein the supporting frame is replaceable as a box body, a feeding port is arranged at the top of the box body or the supporting frame, the feeding port is arranged above the space between the rotating roller and the clove separating member, the discharging port is arranged at the side of the box body or the supporting frame, and the bottom side of the clove separating member is arranged close to the discharging port;
the box body or the supporting frame forms a feeding opening by arranging a feeding plate inclining downwards.
7. The garlic clove grading machine as claimed in claim 6, wherein the vibrating sifting mechanism comprises a frame, the frame is movably provided with a vibrating sieve, the vibrating sieve comprises at least one layer of sieve mesh which is arranged up and down, the sieve holes of the sieve mesh are sequentially reduced from top to bottom, and the bottom of the vibrating sieve is provided with a bottom plate.
8. The garlic clove grading machine as claimed in claim 7, wherein one side of the vibrating screen is disposed beyond the frame, and the vibrating screen is disposed obliquely with respect to the frame, the vibrating screen is provided with a screening inlet at an outer side of the frame, and the screening inlet is disposed below an outer side of the discharge port of the support frame;
the screen cloth with the bottom plate sets up the screening export respectively, and the screening export wrong direction setting that screen cloth and bottom plate set up.
9. The garlic clove classifier according to claim 7, wherein the vibrating screen is connected with a second motor, and the second motor is connected with the vibrating screen through a crank-link mechanism;
the shale shaker is in the superiors all sides of screen cloth set up many and hang the pole, each hang the pole with frame swing joint.
10. The use method of a garlic clove grader according to any one of claims 6-9, comprising the following steps:
the garlic falls above the rotating roller, and the rotating roller rotates to drive the garlic to gradually enter between the rotating roller and the splitting piece, so that the garlic is split;
the garlic seeds after being split fall into the uppermost layer of the vibrating screening mechanism for screening, along with the vibration of the vibrating screening mechanism, the garlic seeds with larger sizes are discharged through the screen outlet of the screen on the uppermost layer, the garlic seeds with smaller sizes move downwards to enter the screen on the middle layer, or fall into the bottom of the vibrating screen, part of the garlic seeds are discharged through the screen on the middle layer, and part of the garlic seeds are discharged through the bottom of the vibrating screen.
CN202011294994.4A 2020-11-18 2020-11-18 Garlic clove separating and grading machine and using method Pending CN112545024A (en)

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Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200962831Y (en) * 2006-10-23 2007-10-24 踪训诗 Rolling type garlic splitting machine
CN103721935A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-04-16 济南大学 Garlic size sieve machine
CN104521365A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-22 济南华庆铸造有限公司 Household garlic-seed clove segmenting machine
CN104541657A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-29 济南华庆铸造有限公司 Sectioning and grading machine for garlic seeds
CN207151891U (en) * 2017-04-18 2018-03-30 四川农业大学 A kind of new garlic-splitting-and equipment
CN207151892U (en) * 2017-04-18 2018-03-30 四川农业大学 A kind of new garlic-splitting-and screening plant
CN108523176A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-09-14 林少忠 A kind of adjustable garlic-splitting-and device of agricultural planting
CN109275929A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-29 林宗添 A kind of roll squeezing type garlic segment separator
CN210231150U (en) * 2019-07-03 2020-04-03 广州奥图弹簧有限公司 Stamping device convenient to adjust for production of automobile engine connecting piece

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN200962831Y (en) * 2006-10-23 2007-10-24 踪训诗 Rolling type garlic splitting machine
CN103721935A (en) * 2014-01-15 2014-04-16 济南大学 Garlic size sieve machine
CN104541657A (en) * 2014-12-16 2015-04-29 济南华庆铸造有限公司 Sectioning and grading machine for garlic seeds
CN104521365A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-22 济南华庆铸造有限公司 Household garlic-seed clove segmenting machine
CN207151891U (en) * 2017-04-18 2018-03-30 四川农业大学 A kind of new garlic-splitting-and equipment
CN207151892U (en) * 2017-04-18 2018-03-30 四川农业大学 A kind of new garlic-splitting-and screening plant
CN108523176A (en) * 2018-03-06 2018-09-14 林少忠 A kind of adjustable garlic-splitting-and device of agricultural planting
CN109275929A (en) * 2018-10-23 2019-01-29 林宗添 A kind of roll squeezing type garlic segment separator
CN210231150U (en) * 2019-07-03 2020-04-03 广州奥图弹簧有限公司 Stamping device convenient to adjust for production of automobile engine connecting piece

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