CN112538857A - Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112538857A
CN112538857A CN202011374675.4A CN202011374675A CN112538857A CN 112538857 A CN112538857 A CN 112538857A CN 202011374675 A CN202011374675 A CN 202011374675A CN 112538857 A CN112538857 A CN 112538857A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
earthwork
foundation pit
side edge
conveyor belt
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011374675.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
虞海杰
章谊
高伟冯
孙承
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanghai Construction No 2 Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shanghai Construction No 2 Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanghai Construction No 2 Group Co Ltd filed Critical Shanghai Construction No 2 Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN202011374675.4A priority Critical patent/CN112538857A/en
Publication of CN112538857A publication Critical patent/CN112538857A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/02Foundation pits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F7/00Equipment for conveying or separating excavated material
    • E02F7/02Conveying equipment mounted on a dredger
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F7/00Equipment for conveying or separating excavated material
    • E02F7/06Delivery chutes or screening plants or mixing plants mounted on dredgers or excavators

Abstract

An earthwork transportation system comprises a pair of sliding rails respectively arranged at the outer sides of the first side edge and the second side edge of the foundation pit; the portal frame is arranged on the sliding track and slides along the extending direction of the sliding track, the portal frame comprises two brackets which are respectively arranged on the sliding track and a cross beam which is connected with the two brackets, and a soil sampling box is arranged on the cross beam and can move along the extending direction of the cross beam; the excavator system is arranged on the outer side of the third side edge and comprises a control portion, a soil transporting bucket and a conveyor belt, the control portion is used for controlling the soil transporting bucket and the conveyor belt, the soil transporting bucket is arranged facing the foundation pit, and the conveyor belt extends to the outside of the building from the foundation pit. The earthwork transportation system is mechanically operated in the whole process, greatly reduces the manpower consumption, has high transportation speed and high efficiency, and is beneficial to shortening the construction period of earthwork excavation and reducing the construction cost.

Description

Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of building construction, and particularly relates to an earthwork transportation system and a construction method thereof.
Background
In the underground space development process of existing buildings and historical protection buildings, small foundation pits are usually excavated in the buildings, and the excavation depth is different according to the space development requirements, building protection requirements, geology, surrounding environments and the like; and for the external transportation of earthwork in the excavation process, because of the limitation of the internal space and the external wall of the building, the earthwork can not be transported by an earthwork vehicle, and the manual cart is adopted to transport the earthwork under more conditions at present. In actual engineering, the excavation position of a foundation pit is often far away from an outer door of a building or faces an outward transportation working condition that nearby doors and windows are not arranged, a large amount of manpower is consumed by adopting a manual trolley mode, the transportation time is long, the overall construction efficiency is low, and the construction cost is high.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention provides an earth transportation system and a construction method thereof.
The technical scheme of the earthwork transportation system is as follows:
the utility model provides an earthwork transportation system for the inside foundation ditch excavation construction of building, the foundation ditch is including relative first side and the second side that sets up, and connects first side with the third side of second side, its characterized in that, earthwork transportation system includes:
the pair of sliding rails are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the first side edge and the second side edge of the foundation pit;
the portal frame is arranged on the sliding track and slides along the extending direction of the sliding track, the portal frame comprises two brackets which are respectively arranged on the sliding track and a cross beam which is connected with the two brackets, and a soil sampling box is arranged on the cross beam and can move along the extending direction of the cross beam;
the excavator system is arranged on the outer side of the third side edge and comprises a control portion, a soil transporting bucket and a conveyor belt, the control portion is used for controlling the soil transporting bucket and the conveyor belt, the soil transporting bucket is arranged facing the foundation pit, and the conveyor belt extends to the outside of the building from the foundation pit.
Preferably, the bottom end of the support is provided with a universal wheel, and the support is connected with the sliding rail in a sliding mode through the universal wheel.
Preferably, the sliding track is further provided with a first limiting structure for limiting the portal frame to be separated from the sliding track.
Preferably, the portal frame further comprises a sliding device, the beam is connected with the sliding device in a sliding mode, and the soil sampling box is connected with the sliding device through a steel wire rope.
Preferably, the cross beam is further provided with a second limiting structure for limiting the sliding device to be separated from the cross beam.
Preferably, two ends of the reinforcing structure are respectively and rigidly connected with the two cross beams.
Preferably, the side of the soil sampling box close to the excavator system is provided with an opening structure which can be opened towards the conveyor belt.
The application also provides a construction method for excavating the foundation pit in the building by adopting the earthwork transportation system, which is characterized by comprising the following steps:
A. arranging the sliding rails in parallel on the outer sides of the first side edge and the second side edge of the foundation pit, installing the portal frame on the sliding rails, arranging a digging machine system on the outer side of the third side edge, arranging the soil-moving bucket facing the foundation pit, and extending the conveyor belt from the foundation pit to the outside of the building;
B. before the earthwork excavation, the soil taking box is lowered to the excavation height and fixed, the earthwork excavation is carried out, and the excavated earthwork is concentrated into the soil taking box;
C. after the soil sampling box is fully collected, the soil sampling box rises to the height of the soil transporting bucket in the excavator system and is fixed, the side edge of the soil sampling box is opened, the soil transporting bucket extends into the soil sampling box, and the earthwork is conveyed to the conveyor belt for horizontal transportation;
D. and after the soil taking box is empty, the soil taking box descends to the excavation height through the portal frame, and the step B, C is executed repeatedly until the foundation pit earthwork excavation is completed.
Preferably, the sliding rail is perpendicular to an outer wall and a window of the building.
The application provides an earthwork transportation system jointly uses portal frame and excavator system, is regarded as the perpendicular and horizontal transport means of earthwork respectively. The portal frame that relates to and dig the machine and be small-size machinery, the portal frame can be installed in a flexible way and dismantled, is convenient for transport inside the building, and the small-size machine of digging accessible building outer door business turn over, the convenient removal. The sliding rail is paved at the bottom of the portal frame, and the moving range can cover the whole foundation pit plane. Soil sampling box accessible slider goes on from top to bottom and horizontal migration to install stop device, its mechanical overall movement has better stability. The small excavator is further developed, and the conveyor belt is additionally arranged to have a horizontal transportation function so as to meet the requirement of earthwork transportation in the existing building. The earthwork transportation system is mechanically operated in the whole process, greatly reduces the manpower consumption, has high transportation speed and high efficiency, and is beneficial to shortening the construction period of earthwork excavation and reducing the construction cost.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a preferred embodiment of the earth-moving system of the present application.
Detailed Description
The earth transportation system and construction method proposed in the present application will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments. Advantages and features of the present invention will become apparent from the following description and from the claims. It is to be noted that the drawings are in a very simplified form and are not to precise scale, which is merely for the purpose of facilitating and distinctly claiming the embodiments of the present invention.
Figure 1 illustrates an earth moving system in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present application. As shown in the figure, the system is used for excavating a foundation pit 1 in a building, and the foundation pit 1 comprises a first side 101 and a second side 102 which are oppositely arranged, and a third side 103 which connects the first side 101 and the second side 102.
The pair of slide rails 2 are provided outside the first side 101 and the second side 102 of the foundation pit 1, respectively. The portal frame is arranged on the sliding rails 2 and comprises two brackets 3 respectively arranged on the two sliding rails 2 and a beam 4 connecting the two brackets 3. The universal wheels are arranged at the bottom ends of the supports 3, the supports 3 are connected with the sliding rails 2 in a sliding mode through the universal wheels, the portal frame can integrally slide along the extending direction of the sliding rails, and the moving range of the portal frame can cover the whole foundation pit plane. In order to prevent the portal frame from separating from the sliding track 2, the sliding track 2 is further provided with a first limiting structure for limiting the horizontal movement of the bracket 3 on the sliding track.
The number of the cross beams 4 is two, at least one reinforcing structure 8 is arranged between the two cross beams 4, and two ends of each reinforcing structure 8 are respectively and rigidly connected with the two cross beams 4, so that the overall stability of the portal frame is good. The cross beam 4 is further provided with a sliding device 7, the soil sampling box 6 is connected with the sliding device 7 through a steel wire rope, and the soil sampling box 6 can move up and down through the sliding device 7 and move along the extending direction of the cross beam 4 in the horizontal direction. Meanwhile, a second limiting structure is further arranged on the cross beam 4 to limit the sliding device 7 to be separated from the cross beam 4 during sliding.
A shovel system is arranged between the outside of the third side 103 and the outer wall 12 and the window 11 of the building, the shovel system comprising a control 10, a soil hopper 5 and a conveyor belt 13. The control part 10 can control the operation of the soil hopper 5 and the conveyor belt 13. The soil hopper 5 is arranged facing the foundation pit 1 and the conveyor belt 13 extends from the third side 103 through the window 11 to the outside of the building. The side of the soil sampling box 6 close to the excavator system is provided with an opening structure which can be opened towards the conveyor belt 13, when the soil sampling box 6 is filled with earthwork and conveyed to the position of the conveyor belt 13, the opening structure can be opened, the earthwork is moved onto the conveyor belt 13 through the soil conveying bucket 5 and then is conveyed to the outside of a building through the conveyor belt 13.
The concrete construction method of the earthwork transportation system provided by the embodiment is as follows:
A. the sliding rails 2 are arranged in parallel at the outer sides of a first side edge 101 and a second side edge 102 of a foundation pit 1 to be constructed, the sliding rails 2 are perpendicular to an outer wall 12 and a window 11 of a building, and a portal frame is installed on the sliding rails 2. The third side 103 is close to the outer wall 12 and the window 11 of the building, the excavator system is arranged outside the third side 103, the earth-moving bucket 5 is arranged facing the foundation pit 1, and the conveyor belt 13 extends from the foundation pit 1 to the outside of the building;
B. before the earthwork excavation, the soil taking box 6 is lowered to the excavation height and fixed, the earthwork excavation is carried out, and the excavated earthwork is concentrated into the soil taking box 6;
C. after the soil sampling box 6 is fully collected, the soil sampling box rises to the height of a soil transporting bucket 5 in the excavator system and is fixed, the side edge of the soil sampling box 6 is opened, the soil transporting bucket 5 extends into the soil sampling box 6, and earthwork is conveyed to a conveyor belt 13 for horizontal transportation; and D, the soil taking box 6 is empty and then descends to the excavation height through the portal frame, and the step B, C is executed repeatedly until the foundation pit earthwork excavation is completed.
The construction method according to claim 8, wherein the method is described.
The above description is only for the purpose of describing the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and any variations and modifications made by those skilled in the art based on the above disclosure are within the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides an earthwork transportation system for the inside foundation ditch excavation construction of building, the foundation ditch is including relative first side and the second side that sets up, and connects first side with the third side of second side, its characterized in that, earthwork transportation system includes:
the pair of sliding rails are respectively arranged on the outer sides of the first side edge and the second side edge of the foundation pit;
the portal frame is arranged on the sliding track and slides along the extending direction of the sliding track, the portal frame comprises two brackets which are respectively arranged on the sliding track and a cross beam which is connected with the two brackets, and a soil sampling box is arranged on the cross beam and can move along the extending direction of the cross beam;
the excavator system is arranged on the outer side of the third side edge and comprises a control portion, a soil transporting bucket and a conveyor belt, the control portion is used for controlling the soil transporting bucket and the conveyor belt, the soil transporting bucket is arranged facing the foundation pit, and the conveyor belt extends to the outside of the building from the foundation pit.
2. The earth moving system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said support frame is provided with universal wheels at its bottom end, said support frame being slidably connected to said sliding track by said universal wheels.
3. The earth moving system of claim 2, wherein said sliding track is further provided with a first stop structure limiting said gantry from disengaging said sliding track.
4. The earth moving system of claim 1, wherein said gantry further comprises a slide, said beam and said slide being slidably connected, said geotome being connected to said slide by a wire rope.
5. The earth moving system as claimed in claim 1 wherein said cross member further includes a second stop structure disposed thereon to limit said slide from disengaging said cross member.
6. The earth moving system as claimed in claim 1 wherein there are two of said beams and at least one reinforcing structure is disposed between said two beams, said reinforcing structure being rigidly connected at each end to said two beams.
7. The earth moving system as claimed in claim 1 wherein a side of said container adjacent said excavator system is provided with an opening structure openable toward said conveyor.
8. A construction method for excavating a foundation pit in a building using the earth moving system as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 7, comprising the steps of:
A. arranging the sliding rails in parallel on the outer sides of the first side edge and the second side edge of the foundation pit, installing the portal frame on the sliding rails, arranging a digging machine system on the outer side of the third side edge, arranging the soil-moving bucket facing the foundation pit, and extending the conveyor belt from the foundation pit to the outside of the building;
B. before the earthwork excavation, the soil taking box is lowered to the excavation height and fixed, the earthwork excavation is carried out, and the excavated earthwork is concentrated into the soil taking box;
C. after the soil sampling box is fully collected, the soil sampling box rises to the height of the soil transporting bucket in the excavator system and is fixed, the side edge of the soil sampling box is opened, the soil transporting bucket extends into the soil sampling box, and the earthwork is conveyed to the conveyor belt for horizontal transportation;
D. and after the soil taking box is empty, the soil taking box descends to the excavation height through the portal frame, and the step B, C is executed repeatedly until the foundation pit earthwork excavation is completed.
9. The construction method according to claim 8, wherein the sliding rail is perpendicular to an outer wall and a window of the building.
CN202011374675.4A 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof Pending CN112538857A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011374675.4A CN112538857A (en) 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011374675.4A CN112538857A (en) 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112538857A true CN112538857A (en) 2021-03-23

Family

ID=75016652

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011374675.4A Pending CN112538857A (en) 2020-11-30 2020-11-30 Earthwork transportation system and construction method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112538857A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0455525A (en) * 1990-06-22 1992-02-24 Shimizu Corp Method and device for lifting soil in construction of underground structure
CN110004934A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-12 中国葛洲坝集团第一工程有限公司 Foundation excavation of silt excavation construction method
CN111395437A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-07-10 中国一冶集团有限公司 Deep foundation pit earthwork transportation device and construction method
CN111779027A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-10-16 北京中岩智泊科技有限公司 Construction method for constructing underground garage through cover-excavation top-down construction
CN212024593U (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-11-27 中铁四局集团第二工程有限公司 Efficient gantry crane for foundation pit and foundation pit using same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0455525A (en) * 1990-06-22 1992-02-24 Shimizu Corp Method and device for lifting soil in construction of underground structure
CN110004934A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-12 中国葛洲坝集团第一工程有限公司 Foundation excavation of silt excavation construction method
CN111395437A (en) * 2020-03-26 2020-07-10 中国一冶集团有限公司 Deep foundation pit earthwork transportation device and construction method
CN212024593U (en) * 2020-04-07 2020-11-27 中铁四局集团第二工程有限公司 Efficient gantry crane for foundation pit and foundation pit using same
CN111779027A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-10-16 北京中岩智泊科技有限公司 Construction method for constructing underground garage through cover-excavation top-down construction

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