CN112520415B - Automatic stacked material level warehouse - Google Patents

Automatic stacked material level warehouse Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112520415B
CN112520415B CN202011485037.XA CN202011485037A CN112520415B CN 112520415 B CN112520415 B CN 112520415B CN 202011485037 A CN202011485037 A CN 202011485037A CN 112520415 B CN112520415 B CN 112520415B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
silicon steel
steel sheet
layered
conveying line
material conveying
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CN202011485037.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112520415A (en
Inventor
周恩权
杨立拥
张亚平
葛涛
刘超
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Hai'an Institute Of Intelligent Equipment Sjtu
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Hai'an Institute Of Intelligent Equipment Sjtu
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Priority to CN202011485037.XA priority Critical patent/CN112520415B/en
Publication of CN112520415A publication Critical patent/CN112520415A/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/912Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers provided with drive systems with rectilinear movements only
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/74Feeding, transfer, or discharging devices of particular kinds or types
    • B65G47/90Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials
    • B65G47/91Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers
    • B65G47/918Devices for picking-up and depositing articles or materials incorporating pneumatic, e.g. suction, grippers with at least two picking-up heads
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G59/00De-stacking of articles
    • B65G59/02De-stacking from the top of the stack
    • B65G59/04De-stacking from the top of the stack by suction or magnetic devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G61/00Use of pick-up or transfer devices or of manipulators for stacking or de-stacking articles not otherwise provided for

Abstract

An automatic stacked material level warehouse relates to the technical field of iron core production equipment. Including storing and feed mechanism and transport changeover mechanism, store and feed mechanism includes the installation frame, the installation frame includes interval arrangement's left side braced frame and right side braced frame, be connected with multilayer material transfer chain between left side braced frame and the right side braced frame, the material transfer chain is used for carrying the tray subassembly that the layer-upon-layer has the silicon steel sheet, the middle part of lower floor's material transfer chain is provided with the quad slit, and as the material loading station, be provided with silicon steel sheet climbing mechanism in the quad slit, install silicon steel sheet feed mechanism and the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism that arrange about being between the two-layer material transfer chain of below, silicon steel sheet feed mechanism and silicon steel sheet layering mechanism are located silicon steel sheet climbing mechanism directly over simultaneously. The invention realizes the storage of a plurality of sheet stocks in batches, realizes the batch stacking of a plurality of iron cores, effectively improves the production efficiency and reduces the labor cost.

Description

Automatic stacked material level warehouse
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of iron core production equipment, in particular to an automatic stacked material level warehouse.
Background
As shown in fig. 13 and 14, the transformer core is composed of a set of stacked upper yoke sheets 7.1, a set of lower yoke sheets 7.2, a set of left side columns 7.3, a set of center columns 7.4, and a set of right side columns 7.5, in the prior art, a single set of upper yoke sheets 7.1, lower yoke sheets 7.2, left side columns 7.3, center columns 7.4, and right side columns 7.5 can be divided into multiple stages according to size, respectively, fig. 14 shows a set of upper yoke sheets 7.1 formed by stacking eight-stage silicon steel sheets, wherein the size of the middle part is maximally defined as a main-stage silicon steel sheet 7.6, and the silicon steel sheets at two sides of the main-stage silicon steel sheet 7.6 are gradually reduced in size and are symmetrically arranged, thus being sequentially defined as a second-stage silicon steel sheet 7.7, a third-stage silicon steel sheet 7.8, a fourth-stage silicon steel sheet 7.9, a fifth-stage silicon steel sheet 7.10, a sixth-stage silicon steel sheet 7.11, a seventh-stage silicon steel sheet 7.12, and an eighth-stage silicon steel sheet 7.13.
In the prior art, the stacking material level library is used for storing stacked upper yoke sheets 7.1, lower yoke sheets 7.2, left pillars 7.3, center pillars 7.4 and right pillars 7.5, and grabbing and placing the stacked upper yoke sheets 7.1, lower yoke sheets 7.2, left pillars 7.3, center pillars 7.4 and right pillars 7.5 on stacking equipment for stacking respectively, the stacking material level library in the prior art has small storage capacity, multiple batch stacking of iron cores cannot be realized by frequent feeding of transmission lines requiring manual work or previous processes, the stacking cost of the iron cores is high, material circulation causes reduction of equipment operation efficiency, silicon steel sheets are easy to adhere to each other when feeding is carried out on the stacking equipment, and the feeding quantity of the upper yoke sheets 7.1, the lower yoke sheets 7.2, the left pillars 7.3, the center pillars 7.4 and the right pillars 7.5 is inconsistent.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide an automatic stacking material level warehouse, which can effectively solve the problems in the background technology.
The technical scheme for realizing the purpose is as follows: an automatic stacked material level storehouse which characterized in that: the automatic silicon steel sheet storage and feeding device comprises a storage and feeding mechanism and a carrying and transferring mechanism, wherein the storage and feeding mechanism comprises an installation frame, the installation frame comprises a left side supporting frame and a right side supporting frame which are arranged at intervals, a multilayer material conveying line is connected between the left side supporting frame and the right side supporting frame, the material conveying line is used for conveying a tray assembly laminated with silicon steel sheets, a square hole is formed in the middle of the lowest layer of material conveying line and serves as a feeding station, a silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism is arranged in the square hole, a silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism and a silicon steel sheet layering mechanism which are arranged up and down are arranged between the two layers of material conveying lines at the lowest part, and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism and the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism are simultaneously positioned right above the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism;
the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism is used for jacking a tray assembly which is conveyed on a lowest layer material conveying line and is stacked with silicon steel sheets upwards into the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism, the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism is used for grabbing the silicon steel sheets which are jacked into the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism and conveying the silicon steel sheets outwards to a next procedure, the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism is used for layering the silicon steel sheets which are positioned at the lower layer when the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism grabs the silicon steel sheets, and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism is guaranteed to grab only the silicon steel sheet which is positioned at the top on the tray assembly each time;
the carrying and transferring mechanism is used for carrying the tray assemblies on the material conveying lines of all the layers to the material conveying line of the lowest layer according to the stacking sequence and then conveying the tray assemblies to the feeding station in sequence through the material conveying line of the lowest layer.
Further, the material conveying line comprises two longitudinal beams which are arranged in a bilateral symmetry mode and a plurality of cross beams which are connected between the longitudinal beams, the material conveying line is connected between the left supporting frame and the right supporting frame through the cross beams, chain wheels are installed at two ends of the longitudinal beams in a rotating mode, chains which are arranged on the longitudinal beams in a surrounding mode are connected between the chain wheels in a transmission mode, and chain rotation driving mechanisms which drive the chains on two sides to rotate are installed between the longitudinal beams.
Furthermore, the carrying and switching mechanism is arranged at one end of the storage and feeding mechanism, the storage and feeding mechanism comprises a base, a door-shaped support is mounted on the base, a carrying conveying line with the same structure as the material conveying line is arranged in the door-shaped support, the carrying material conveying line can be vertically slidably mounted in the door-shaped support through a third linear guide rail, and a lifting driving mechanism for driving the carrying conveying line to slide along the third linear guide rail is further mounted on the door-shaped support;
the lifting driving mechanism is used for driving the carrying conveying lines to lift, the butt joint of the carrying conveying lines and the material conveying lines of each layer of the storage and feeding mechanism is achieved, and the carrying conveying lines in the butt joint state and the center lines of the material conveying lines in the width direction are located on the same straight line.
Further, the interval between the longerons of transport transfer chain is less than the interval between the longerons of material transfer chain for the one end that the transport transfer chain is close to storage and feed mechanism overlaps each other with each layer material transfer chain when the butt joint.
Further, the tray assembly comprises a stacking plate, two L-shaped folding edges bent towards the inner side of the back face are arranged on two sides of the stacking plate, two supporting blocks corresponding to chain positions of the material conveying line and the conveying line are connected between the L-shaped folding edges at the back face of the stacking plate, two rows of meshing teeth are arranged at the bottom of each supporting block, one row of meshing teeth located on the outer side of each supporting block are used for meshing with tooth grooves of the chain on the corresponding side of the material conveying line, one row of meshing teeth located on the inner side of each supporting block are used for meshing with tooth grooves of the chain on the corresponding side of the conveying line, and two positioning holes are arranged on the inner sides of the two rows of meshing teeth at intervals.
Further, silicon steel sheet climbing mechanism is including installing the jacking underframe in the quad slit bottom of below material transfer chain, the jacking underframe is connected on the installation frame, the top of jacking underframe is provided with the jacking top frame that can follow the quad slit oscilaltion of below material transfer chain, be provided with multiunit interval arrangement's reference column along the direction of delivery of material transfer chain on the jacking top frame, every group includes four reference columns corresponding with four locating hole positions on the bottom both sides tray of tray subassembly, the installation of jacking top frame through first linear bearing liftable is on the jacking underframe, the mid-mounting of jacking underframe has the jacking driver of drive jacking top frame lift.
Furthermore, the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism comprises two supporting beams which are respectively arranged on the left supporting frame and the right supporting frame, the supporting beams on the two sides are parallel to the conveying direction of the material conveying line, a first linear guide rail is arranged on the supporting beams, and a plurality of identical layering assemblies corresponding to the number and the upper and lower positions of the tray assemblies positioned and supported on the jacking top frame are connected between the supporting beams;
the layered assembly comprises two layered beams which are arranged at intervals and are parallel to the width direction of the material conveying line, the opposite side surfaces of the two layered beams are respectively connected with a plurality of magnets which are arranged at intervals, the layered beams are also respectively connected with L-shaped stainless steel sheet metal parts which cover the magnets through bolts, and a silicon steel sheet layered passage is formed between the two layered beams; two ends of two layered beams of the layered assembly are respectively provided with a layered end screw rod, the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods at the two ends of the layered beams are the same, the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods at the two ends of one layered beam in the layered assembly are opposite to the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods at the two ends of the other layered beam, the two ends of the layered beams are respectively in threaded connection with the corresponding layered end screw rods through straight plates, and the straight plates are respectively installed on a first linear guide rail at the corresponding side in a sliding manner through slide blocks;
two layered beams of each layered assembly are positioned at layered end screw rods at the same end and are connected with each other to form a long screw rod, the long screw rods at two sides are arranged on the layered beams through screw rod seats, the long screw rods at two sides are in transmission connection through a first belt and a first belt pulley, and a driving motor for driving the long screw rods at the corresponding side to rotate is arranged on a supporting beam at one side.
Furthermore, the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism comprises a feeding frame arranged between the left supporting frame and the right supporting frame, the feeding frame is parallel to the width direction of the material conveying line, one end of the feeding frame extends out of the mounting frame, a vacuum chuck assembly is arranged on the lower end face of the feeding frame through a second linear guide rail, and a displacement driving mechanism for driving the vacuum chuck assembly to output the sucked silicon steel sheets out of the mounting frame along the second linear guide rail is arranged on the feeding frame;
the vacuum sucker component comprises a support, the lower end of the support is provided with a sucker mounting rack in a liftable mode through a second linear bearing respectively, the sucker mounting rack is provided with a plurality of rows of suckers corresponding to the upper position and the lower position of the layered component respectively, and the support is provided with a lifting driver for driving the sucker mounting rack to ascend and descend.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
the invention realizes the storage of a plurality of sheet stocks in batches, realizes the batch stacking of a plurality of iron cores, effectively improves the production efficiency and reduces the labor cost.
The invention is also provided with a layering mechanism, and sequential single-layer feeding can be realized through the layering mechanism, so that the situation of inconsistent feeding quantity can not occur.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a first embodiment;
FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view of the first embodiment in a top view;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a transfer adapter mechanism according to a first embodiment;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural view of a storing and loading mechanism according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a material conveying line in the first embodiment;
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of a tray assembly according to the first embodiment;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view showing the structure of a silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism according to the first embodiment;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a silicon steel sheet layering mechanism in the first embodiment;
fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of a layered beam with magnets mounted thereon in the first embodiment;
fig. 10 is a top perspective view of the silicon steel sheet lifting mechanism in the first embodiment;
fig. 11 is a bottom perspective view of the silicon steel sheet lifting mechanism in the first embodiment;
fig. 12 is a schematic view of the working state of the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism and the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism in cooperation in the first embodiment;
fig. 13 is a plan view of a single-layer core;
fig. 14 is a sectional view of an upper yoke plate in a core;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view showing the structure of a silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism in the second embodiment;
fig. 16 is a schematic structural view of a silicon steel sheet layering mechanism in the second embodiment;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of a silicon steel sheet lifting mechanism in the second embodiment.
Detailed Description
First embodiment
As shown in fig. 1-13, the present invention includes a storage and feeding mechanism 10 and a carrying transfer mechanism 9, the storage and feeding mechanism 10 includes a mounting frame 1, the mounting frame 1 includes a left supporting frame 1.1 and a right supporting frame 1.2 which are arranged at intervals, a multi-layer material conveying line 2 is connected between the left supporting frame 1.1 and the right supporting frame 1.2, the material conveying line 2 includes two longitudinal beams 2.1 which are arranged symmetrically left and right, and a plurality of cross beams 2.2 connected between the longitudinal beams 2.1, the material conveying line 2 is connected between the left supporting frame 1.1 and the right supporting frame 1.2 through the cross beam 2.2, two ends of the longitudinal beam 2.1 are rotatably installed with chain wheels 2.3, a chain 2.4 which is wound around the longitudinal beam 2.1 is connected between the chain wheels 2.3, a chain rotation driving mechanism 2.5 which drives the chains at two sides to rotate is installed between the longitudinal beams 2.1, the chain rotation driving mechanism 2.5 belongs to the well-known technology in the art, and will not be described in detail herein.
As a further illustration of the present embodiment, the left 1.1 and right 1.2 support frames each comprise a row of uprights 1.3.
The material conveying line 2 is used for conveying the tray assembly 3 laminated with the silicon steel sheets, the tray assembly 3 is used for supporting and placing the laminated silicon steel sheets, the tray assembly 3 comprises a stacking plate 3.1, two sides of the stacking plate 3.1 are provided with L-shaped folding edges 3.2 bent towards the inner side of the back face, two supporting blocks 3.3 corresponding to the chain positions of the material conveying line 2 and the two sides of the carrying conveying line 9.3 are connected between the L-shaped folding edges 3.2 of the back face of the stacking plate 3.1, the bottom of each supporting block 3.3 is provided with two rows of meshing teeth 3.5, one row of meshing teeth 3.5 of each supporting block 3.3 located on the outer side are used for being meshed with the tooth grooves of the chain 2.4 on the corresponding side of the material conveying line 2, one row of meshing teeth 3.5 of each supporting block 3.3 located on the inner side are used for being meshed with the tooth grooves of the chain 2.4 on the corresponding side of the carrying conveying line 9.3, and two rows of meshing teeth 3.5 are provided with 3.4 with positioning holes arranged at intervals.
Transport changeover mechanism 9 sets up the one end at material transfer line 2, including base 9.1, install door-shaped support 9.2 on the base 9.1, be provided with in the door-shaped support 9.2 with the transport transfer line 9.3 that material transfer line 2 structure is the same, transport material transfer line 9.3 through third linear guide 9.4 gliding installation in door-shaped support 9.2 from top to bottom, still install drive transport transfer line 9.3 on the door-shaped support 9.2 along the gliding lift actuating mechanism 9.5 of third linear guide 9.4, lift actuating mechanism 9.5 can adopt the belt drive mechanism commonly used among the prior art, rack and pinion actuating mechanism etc.
Lifting drive mechanism 9.5 is used for the drive to carry transfer chain 9.3 and goes up and down, realize and store and the butt joint of each layer material transfer chain 2 of feed mechanism 10, the transport transfer chain 9.3 of butt joint state is located same straight line with the width direction's of material transfer chain 2 central line, the interval between the longeron of transport transfer chain 9.3 is less than the interval between the longeron 2.1 of material transfer chain 2, when making transport transfer chain 9.3 be close to the one end of storing and feed mechanism 10 and each layer material transfer chain 2 butt joint as shown in fig. 2 overlapping each other, thereby be convenient for the position of tray subassembly 3 between transport transfer chain 9.3 and material transfer chain 2 switches.
The middle part of the lowest layer of material conveying line 2 is provided with a square hole 2.1 as a feeding station, a silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism 5 is arranged in the square hole 2.1, a silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism 6 and a silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 4 which are arranged from top to bottom are arranged between the two layers of material conveying lines at the lowest part, and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism 6 and the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 4 are simultaneously positioned right above the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism 5.
Silicon steel sheet climbing mechanism 5 is including installing the jacking underframe 5.1 in the quad slit bottom of below material transfer chain 2, jacking underframe 5.1 is connected on installation frame 1, the top of jacking underframe 5.1 is provided with the jacking top frame 5.2 that can follow the quad slit of below material transfer chain 2 oscilaltion, it is provided with two sets of interval arrangement's reference column 5.3 to go up along the direction of delivery of material transfer chain 2 on the top frame 5.2 to go up, every group includes four reference columns 5.3 corresponding with four locating hole 3.4 positions on the bottom both sides tray block 3.3 of tray subassembly 3, install on jacking underframe 5.2 that jacking top frame 5.2 can go up and down through first linear bearing 5.4, the mid-mounting of jacking underframe 5.1 has the jacking driver 5.5 that drives jacking top frame 5.1 to go up and down, the jacking drive mode has the multiple, for technical staff in the field belongs to conventional technology.
Silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 4 is including installing two supporting beam 4.1 on left side braced frame 1.1 and right side braced frame 1.2 respectively, and both sides supporting beam 4.1 all is parallel with the direction of delivery of material transfer chain 2, installs first linear guide 4.2 on the supporting beam 4.1, is connected with between the supporting beam 4.1 with the jacking top frame 5.2 on the tray subassembly 3 of location support quantity and the upper and lower position homogeneous phase correspond two the same layering subassemblies 4.3.
The layered assembly 4.3 comprises two layered beams 4.4 which are arranged at intervals and are parallel to the width direction of the material conveying line 2, the opposite side surfaces of the two layered beams 4.4 are respectively connected with a plurality of magnets 4.5 which are arranged at intervals, the layered beams 4.4 are also respectively connected with L-shaped stainless steel sheet metal parts 4.6 which cover the magnets 4.4 through bolts, and a silicon steel sheet layered passage 4.7 is formed between the two layered beams 4.4; two ends of two layered beams 4.4 of the layered assembly 4.3 are respectively provided with a layered end screw rod 4.8, the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods 4.8 at the two ends of the layered beam 4.4 are the same, the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods 4.8 at the two ends of one layered beam 4.4 in the layered assembly 4.3 are opposite to the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods 4.8 at the two ends of the other layered beam 4.4, the two ends of the layered beam 4.4 are respectively in threaded connection with the corresponding layered end screw rods 4.8 through straight plates 4.9, and the straight plates 4.9 are respectively slidably mounted on the first straight guide rails 4.2 at the corresponding sides through slide blocks 4.10.
Two layered beams 4.4 of each layered assembly 4.3 are positioned at layered end screw rods 4.8 at the same end and are connected with each other to form a filament rod 4.11, the filament rods 4.11 at two sides are arranged on the layered beams 4.4 through filament rod seats 4.12, the filament rods 4.11 at two sides are in transmission connection through a first belt and a first belt pulley, and a driving motor 4.13 for driving the filament rods 4.11 at the corresponding side to rotate is arranged on a supporting beam 4.1 at one side.
The long screw rod 4.11 is driven to rotate by the driving motor 4.13, so that the synchronous regulation of the distance between the layered beams 4.4 of the two layered assemblies 4.3 can be realized, and the distance between the layered passageways 4.7 can be regulated to adapt to the layering of silicon steel sheets with different widths.
Silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism 6 is including installing material loading frame 6.1 between left side braced frame 1.1 and right side braced frame 1.2, and material loading frame 6.1 is parallel with the width direction of material transfer chain 2, and the installation frame 1 is outwards stretched out to the one end of material loading frame 6.1, installs vacuum chuck subassembly 6.3 through second linear guide 6.2 on the lower terminal surface of material loading frame 6.1, install the displacement actuating mechanism 6.4 that drives vacuum chuck subassembly 6.3 and follow second linear guide 6.2 with the silicon steel sheet output installation frame 1 that absorbs on the material loading frame 6.1, displacement actuating mechanism 6.4 can adopt belt drive mechanism, rack and pinion actuating mechanism etc. commonly used among the prior art.
The vacuum sucker component 6.3 comprises a support 6.5, the lower end of the support 6.5 is provided with a sucker mounting rack 6.7 which can be lifted through a second linear bearing 6.6, two rows of suckers 6.8 which correspond to the upper position and the lower position of the layered component 4.3 respectively are arranged on the sucker mounting rack 6.7, and a lifting driver 6.9 which drives the sucker mounting rack 6.7 to lift up and down is arranged on the support 6.5.
As shown in fig. 13, since the upper yoke piece 7.1 and the lower yoke piece 7.2 are arranged side by side and the left column 7.3, the center column 7.4 and the right column 7.5 are arranged side by side, the upper yoke piece 7.1 and the lower yoke piece 7.2 arranged side by side and the left column 7.3, the center column 7.4 and the right column 7.5 arranged side by side are respectively stored and loaded, and the automatic stacking storage is used for storing and loading the upper yoke piece 7.1 and the lower yoke piece 7.2.
The working process of the present invention is specifically described below by taking a group of upper yoke pieces 7.1 and a group of lower yoke pieces 7.2 which are all 8-level as an example:
1) the conveying mechanism in the previous process conveys the tray assembly 3 laminated with the upper yoke sheets 7.1 and the tray assembly 3 laminated with the lower yoke sheets 7.2 to the material conveying lines 2 of each layer of the storage and feeding mechanism 10.
Wherein, the silicon steel sheets of each level of the upper yoke sheet 7.1 and the lower yoke sheet 7.2 are respectively stacked on different tray assemblies 3, and the stacking number of each level is consistent with the actual number of the silicon steel sheets of each level of the iron core.
2) The carrying and switching mechanism 9 carries the tray assemblies 3 which are stacked with the upper yoke pieces 7.1 and the lower yoke pieces 7.2 at all levels to the lowest layer material conveying line 2 in the following sequence, and then the two tray assemblies are sequentially moved forward to the feeding station by taking two tray assemblies as a group through the lowest layer material conveying line 2.
The eight-level silicon steel sheet 7.13 of the upper yoke plate → the eight-level silicon steel sheet 7.13 of the lower yoke plate → the seven-level silicon steel sheet 7.12 of the upper yoke plate → the seven-level silicon steel sheet 7.12 of the lower yoke plate → the six-level silicon steel sheet 7.11 of the upper yoke plate → the five-level silicon steel sheet 7.10 of the lower yoke plate → the four-level silicon steel sheet 7.9 of the upper yoke plate → the four-level silicon steel sheet 7.9 of the lower yoke plate → the three-level silicon steel sheet 7.8 of the upper yoke plate → the three-level silicon steel sheet 7.8 of the lower yoke plate → the two-level silicon steel sheet 7.7 of the upper yoke plate → the two-level silicon steel sheet 7.7 of the lower yoke plate → the two-level silicon steel sheet 7.7.7 of the upper yoke plate → the three-level silicon steel sheet 7.6 of the upper yoke plate → the three-level silicon steel sheet 7.7.7 of the lower yoke plate → 7.7.7.7 of the upper yoke plate → the three-level silicon steel sheet → 7.7.7.7.7 of the lower yoke plate → 7.7.7.8 of the upper yoke plate → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7 of the three-level yoke plate → the lower yoke plate → the four-level yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → the lower yoke plate → the seven-level silicon steel sheet → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.8 of the lower yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → the seven-level yoke plate → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7 of the lower yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7 of the lower yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → the four-level yoke plate → the lower yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → the four-level yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → the lower yoke plate → the seven-level yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.8 of the lower yoke plate → the seven-level yoke plate → the lower yoke plate → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7 of the lower yoke plate → the four-level yoke plate → the lower yoke plate → the upper yoke plate → the four-level silicon steel sheet → 7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7.7. Grade silicon steel sheet 7.12 → upper yoke sheet eight grade silicon steel sheet 7.13 → lower yoke sheet eight grade silicon steel sheet 7.13.
After each group of silicon steel sheets move to the feeding station, a group of silicon steel sheets on the feeding station are sequentially fed to the stacking equipment through the mutual cooperation of the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism 5, the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 4 and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism 6, after the feeding of the group of silicon steel sheets on the feeding station is completed, the tray assembly 3 of the next group of stacked silicon steel sheets is sequentially conveyed to the feeding station by the lowest material conveying line 2, and meanwhile, the empty tray assembly 3 is forwardly output, so that the continuous feeding to the stacking equipment is realized according to the stacking sequence of the upper yoke sheet 7.1 and the lower yoke sheet 7.2 of the transformer core.
As a further explanation of the present embodiment: the number of the upper yoke sheets 7.1 and the lower yoke sheets 7.2 at the same level sequentially conveyed to the feeding station is consistent with the actual number of the silicon steel sheets at each level of the iron core, and the spacing is consistent with the spacing of the silicon steel sheets at the corresponding level of the iron core.
As a further explanation of the embodiment, the tray assemblies 3 for stacking silicon steel sheets at different levels are required to be sequentially arranged on the material conveying lines 2 at different levels, so that the carrying and transferring mechanism 9 can be conveniently carried in sequence, and the specific arrangement order is reasonably arranged according to common knowledge for a person skilled in the art.
The working process that silicon steel sheet climbing mechanism 5, silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 4, silicon steel sheet feed mechanism 6 cooperate the material loading is:
1) the lowermost material transfer line carries a set of tray assemblies 3 to an infeed station.
2) The jacking driver 5.5 drives the jacking top frame 5.2 to move upwards, so that two groups of positioning columns 5.3 on the jacking top frame 5.2 are respectively positioned in positioning holes 3.4 of support blocks 3.3 below the two tray assemblies 3 and then upwards push the two tray assemblies 3 to a position close to the position right below the two layered aisles 4.7, and meanwhile, the driving motor 4.13 drives the filament rod 4.11 to rotate, so that the synchronous adjustment of the distance between the layered beams 4.4 of the two layered assemblies 4.3 can be realized, and the distance between the layered aisles 4.7 is adjusted to be slightly larger than the width of the corresponding silicon steel sheet.
3) The displacement driving mechanism 6.4 drives the vacuum sucker assembly 6.3 to displace to the position right above the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 4, the lifting driver 6.9 drives two rows of suckers 6.8 to downwards suck the upper yoke sheet 7.1 and the lower yoke sheet 7.1 which are positioned at the uppermost position in the layering passageways 4.7 at two sides, meanwhile, the jacking driver 5.5 drives one tray assembly 3 laminated with the upper yoke sheet 7.1 and one tray assembly 3 laminated with the lower yoke sheet 7.1 to downwards move to a low position, and under the action of the magnet 4.5 of the layering mechanism, the sucked upper yoke sheet 7.1 and the sucked lower yoke sheet 7.1 are separated from the lower upper yoke sheet 7.1 and the lower yoke sheet 7.1.
4) The displacement driving mechanism 6.4 conveys the sucked upper yoke piece 7.1 and lower yoke piece 7.1 to the stacking device for stacking.
5) And repeating the steps 2) -4) to realize continuous feeding of a group of silicon steel sheets on the feeding station.
Second embodiment
The second embodiment is the same in structure as the first embodiment, and is different in that:
as shown in fig. 14 to 16, three sets of positioning columns 12 arranged at intervals are arranged on the lifting top frame 11 of the silicon steel sheet lifting mechanism in the embodiment along the conveying direction of the material conveying line, the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism 13 includes three layering assemblies 14, and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism 15 includes three rows of suction cups 16.
The spacing between the three sets of spaced positioning posts 12, the spacing between the three layered assemblies 14, and the spacing between the three rows of suction cups 16 are the same as the center distance between the left post 7.3, the center post 7.4, and the right post 7.5 in fig. 13, respectively.
The material level storehouse of this embodiment is used for the material loading of left side post 7.3, center pillar 7.4, right post 7.5, during the material loading, needs left side post 7.3, center pillar 7.4, right post 7.5 of the same grade to carry in proper order to the material loading station for a set of, and specific working process is unanimous with first embodiment, no longer gives details here.
Further, the number of the column plates between the upper yoke plate 7.1 and the lower yoke plate 7.2 in the prior art is not limited to three, and as can be known by those skilled in the art, the number of the groups of the positioning columns 12 on the lift-top frame 11, the number of the silicon steel plate layering mechanisms 13, and the number of the rows of the suction cups 16 in the silicon steel plate feeding mechanism 15 can be set according to the number of the column plates.

Claims (4)

1. An automatic stack material level storehouse which characterized in that: the automatic silicon steel sheet storage and feeding device comprises a storage and feeding mechanism and a carrying and transferring mechanism, wherein the storage and feeding mechanism comprises an installation frame, the installation frame comprises a left side supporting frame and a right side supporting frame which are arranged at intervals, a multilayer material conveying line is connected between the left side supporting frame and the right side supporting frame, the material conveying line is used for conveying a tray assembly laminated with silicon steel sheets, a square hole is formed in the middle of the lowest layer of material conveying line and serves as a feeding station, a silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism is arranged in the square hole, a silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism and a silicon steel sheet layering mechanism which are arranged up and down are arranged between the two layers of material conveying lines at the lowest part, and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism and the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism are simultaneously positioned right above the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism;
the silicon steel sheet jacking mechanism is used for jacking a tray assembly which is conveyed on a lowest layer material conveying line and is stacked with silicon steel sheets upwards into the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism, the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism is used for grabbing the silicon steel sheets which are jacked into the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism and conveying the silicon steel sheets outwards to a next procedure, the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism is used for layering the silicon steel sheets which are positioned at the lower layer when the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism grabs the silicon steel sheets, and the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism is guaranteed to grab only the silicon steel sheet which is positioned at the top on the tray assembly each time;
the carrying and transferring mechanism is used for carrying the tray assemblies on the material conveying lines of all layers to the lowest material conveying line according to the stacking sequence and then conveying the tray assemblies to the feeding station in sequence by the lowest material conveying line;
the material conveying line comprises two longitudinal beams which are arranged in a bilateral symmetry mode and a plurality of cross beams connected between the longitudinal beams, the material conveying line is connected between the left supporting frame and the right supporting frame through the cross beams, chain wheels are rotatably mounted at two ends of each longitudinal beam, chains wound on the longitudinal beams are connected between the chain wheels in a transmission mode, and chain rotation driving mechanisms for driving the chains at two sides to rotate are mounted between the longitudinal beams;
the carrying and switching mechanism is arranged at one end of the storage and feeding mechanism, the storage and feeding mechanism comprises a base, a door-shaped support is mounted on the base, a carrying conveying line with the same structure as the material conveying line is arranged in the door-shaped support, the carrying material conveying line can be vertically and slidably mounted in the door-shaped support through a third linear guide rail, and a lifting driving mechanism for driving the carrying conveying line to slide along the third linear guide rail is further mounted on the door-shaped support;
the lifting driving mechanism is used for driving the carrying conveying lines to lift so as to realize butt joint with the material conveying lines of each layer of the storage and feeding mechanism, and the carrying conveying lines in a butt joint state and the center lines of the material conveying lines in the width direction are positioned on the same straight line;
the distance between the longitudinal beams of the conveying lines is smaller than that between the longitudinal beams of the material conveying lines, so that one end of each conveying line, close to the storage and feeding mechanism, is mutually overlapped with each layer of material conveying line during butt joint;
the tray assembly comprises a stacking plate, two L-shaped folding edges bent towards the inner side of the back face are arranged on two sides of the stacking plate, two supporting blocks corresponding to chain positions of the material conveying line and the conveying line are connected between the L-shaped folding edges at the back face of the stacking plate, two rows of meshing teeth are arranged at the bottom of each supporting block, one row of meshing teeth located on the outer side of each supporting block are used for meshing tooth grooves of the chains on the corresponding side of the material conveying line, one row of meshing teeth located on the inner side of each supporting block are used for meshing tooth grooves of the chains on the corresponding side of the conveying line, and two positioning holes are arranged on the inner sides of the two rows of meshing teeth at intervals.
2. An automated palletizing level store according to claim 1, characterized in that: silicon steel sheet climbing mechanism is including installing the jacking underframe in the quad slit bottom of below material transfer chain, the jacking underframe is connected on the installation frame, the top of jacking underframe is provided with can follow the jacking top frame of the quad slit oscilaltion of below material transfer chain, the direction of delivery along the material transfer chain is provided with multiunit interval arrangement's reference column on the jacking top frame, every group includes four reference columns corresponding with four locating hole positions on the bottom both sides tray of tray subassembly, the installation of jacking top frame on the jacking underframe through first linear bearing liftable, the mid-mounting of jacking underframe has the jacking driver of drive jacking top frame lift.
3. An automatic stack level magazine as defined in claim 2, wherein: the silicon steel sheet layering mechanism comprises two supporting beams which are respectively arranged on a left supporting frame and a right supporting frame, the supporting beams on the two sides are parallel to the conveying direction of the material conveying line, a first linear guide rail is arranged on each supporting beam, and a plurality of identical layering assemblies corresponding to the number and the upper and lower positions of the tray assemblies positioned and supported on the jacking top frame are connected between the supporting beams;
the layered assembly comprises two layered beams which are arranged at intervals and are parallel to the width direction of the material conveying line, the opposite side surfaces of the two layered beams are respectively connected with a plurality of magnets which are arranged at intervals, the layered beams are also respectively connected with L-shaped stainless steel sheet metal parts which cover the magnets through bolts, and a silicon steel sheet layered passage is formed between the two layered beams; two ends of two layered beams of the layered assembly are respectively provided with a layered end screw rod, the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods at the two ends of the layered beams are the same, the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods at the two ends of one layered beam in the layered assembly are opposite to the thread turning directions of the layered end screw rods at the two ends of the other layered beam, the two ends of the layered beams are respectively in threaded connection with the corresponding layered end screw rods through straight plates, and the straight plates are respectively installed on a first linear guide rail at the corresponding side in a sliding manner through slide blocks;
two layered beams of each layered assembly are positioned at layered end screw rods at the same end and are connected with each other to form a long screw rod, the long screw rods at two sides are arranged on the layered beams through screw rod seats, the long screw rods at two sides are in transmission connection through a first belt and a first belt pulley, and a driving motor for driving the long screw rods at the corresponding side to rotate is arranged on a supporting beam at one side.
4. An automatic stack level magazine as defined in claim 3, wherein: the silicon steel sheet feeding mechanism comprises a feeding frame arranged between a left supporting frame and a right supporting frame, the feeding frame is parallel to the width direction of the material conveying line, one end of the feeding frame extends out of the mounting frame, a vacuum chuck assembly is arranged on the lower end face of the feeding frame through a second linear guide rail, and a displacement driving mechanism for driving the vacuum chuck assembly to output the sucked silicon steel sheet out of the mounting frame along the second linear guide rail is arranged on the feeding frame;
the vacuum sucker component comprises a support, the lower end of the support is provided with a sucker mounting rack in a liftable mode through a second linear bearing respectively, the sucker mounting rack is provided with a plurality of rows of suckers corresponding to the upper position and the lower position of the layered component respectively, and the support is provided with a lifting driver for driving the sucker mounting rack to ascend and descend.
CN202011485037.XA 2020-12-16 2020-12-16 Automatic stacked material level warehouse Active CN112520415B (en)

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JPH0736428U (en) * 1993-12-06 1995-07-04 株式会社青木精機製作所 Robot for automatically stacking strip-shaped silicon steel plates that will be the iron core for transformers
CN106601467B (en) * 2017-01-24 2018-09-04 中节能环保装备股份有限公司 A kind of transformer day font or E1 iron-core full-automatic lamination stacking devices
CN106697973B (en) * 2017-02-10 2018-12-18 济南奥图自动化股份有限公司 A kind of transformer core automatic overlapping and assembling system
CN107867565A (en) * 2017-12-08 2018-04-03 海安交睿机器人科技有限公司 Transformer core silicon-steel automatic docking device
CN108538566B (en) * 2018-04-18 2020-05-22 明珠电气股份有限公司 Flexible intelligent lamination production system for transformer core
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CN211254382U (en) * 2019-07-30 2020-08-14 南通思瑞机器制造有限公司 Conveying and stacking integrated machine for silicon steel sheets of transformer
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