CN112492951A - Mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device - Google Patents

Mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112492951A
CN112492951A CN202011468621.4A CN202011468621A CN112492951A CN 112492951 A CN112492951 A CN 112492951A CN 202011468621 A CN202011468621 A CN 202011468621A CN 112492951 A CN112492951 A CN 112492951A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rod
frame
digging
shovel
fork
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Granted
Application number
CN202011468621.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112492951B (en
Inventor
贾广超
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ANHUI JINFENG MACHINERY CO LTD
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ANHUI JINFENG MACHINERY CO LTD
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Priority to CN202011468621.4A priority Critical patent/CN112492951B/en
Publication of CN112492951A publication Critical patent/CN112492951A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN112492951B publication Critical patent/CN112492951B/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D13/00Diggers, e.g. potato ploughs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01DHARVESTING; MOWING
    • A01D33/00Accessories for digging harvesters

Abstract

The invention discloses a mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device, which comprises a frame, wherein a fork frame is connected in front of the frame, a fixed shaft is arranged in front of and below the frame, a driven wheel is sleeved at the lower part of the frame and is connected with a main wheel through a conveying chain, the main wheel is sleeved on a movable shaft, the movable shaft is sleeved in a rear frame through a bearing, the upper end of the movable shaft transmits power on an execution shaft horizontally arranged through a bevel gear pair, an adjusting screw rod is arranged on the rear frame in a penetrating manner, the adjusting screw rod is connected with a screw nut in a threaded manner, a handle sleeve is arranged outside the screw nut, the lower end of the adjusting screw rod is fixedly connected with the upper surface of a balancing rod, the lower surface of the adjusting screw rod is connected with the upper end of a guide rod at; the garlic digging machine has the advantages that the garlic digging machine is compact in structure and reasonable in design, garlic sprouts in soil are dug by the digging shovel through traction of the agricultural hand tractor, the garlic sprouts dug out of roots in the soil are pulled backwards by the pulling plate on the conveying chain, picking up by personnel is facilitated, garlic digging speed is high, efficiency is high, and the garlic digging machine is suitable for planting land blocks in a large scale.

Description

Mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery, in particular to a mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device.
Background
Agricultural machinery refers to various machines used in the production process of crop planting and animal husbandry, as well as in the primary processing and treatment process of agricultural and animal products.
Along with the development of science and technology, take agricultural production to bring very big facility, also make the promotion and the improvement of agricultural production efficiency equally, traditional farming all adopts the manual work operation mostly, no matter plant or reap all manual work, degree of mechanization is low, and is slow, brings the difficulty for agricultural production, also brings certain loss for agricultural production, consequently at the in-process of science and technology development, the design develops multiple agricultural machine that makes things convenient for agricultural production, consequently, the application discloses a garlic device is dug in mechanical type continuous operation.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the existing problems and provides a mechanical continuous garlic digging device.
The invention is realized by the following technical scheme: a mechanical continuous working garlic digging device comprises a frame, wherein the front end of the frame is connected with a fork frame, a fixed shaft is vertically arranged at the lower part of the front end of the frame, the lower end of the fixed shaft is sleeved with a driven wheel, the driven wheel is connected with a main wheel through a conveying chain, a plurality of conveying pulling plates are arranged on the conveying chain at intervals, the main wheel is sleeved on a movable shaft, the movable shaft is sleeved in a rear frame through a bearing, the upper end of the movable shaft transmits power on an execution shaft which is horizontally arranged through a bevel gear pair, a belt wheel is further sleeved on the execution shaft, the rear frame is connected to the rear end of the frame, an adjusting screw rod is arranged on the rear frame in a through mode, a screw is connected on the adjusting screw rod in a threaded mode, a handle sleeve is arranged outside the screw rod, the lower end of the adjusting screw rod is fixedly connected with the upper surface of a balance rod, the lower;
the outer end of the digging shovel, which is far away from the lower end of the shovel rod, is arranged to be a tip end, the inner end of the digging shovel, which is close to the lower end of the shovel rod, is provided with a leveling end, the digging shovel is in an inverted trapezoid shape, and the digging shovel is symmetrical in the length direction and is in an arc concave surface shape between the outer end and the inner end of the digging shovel.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the fork frame is of a symmetrical structure and comprises a fork rod, a groove is formed in the fork rod, one end of the fork rod is symmetrically inclined to be connected to the front end of the rack from the front lower side, a notch is formed in the bottom of the groove at the front end of the fork rod, a cross rod is arranged on the outer side of the notch, and a short rod end of a bent rod is connected to the inner side of the groove at the end of the cross rod in a pin mode.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the bent rod is bent to be a bent rod with an angle larger than 90 degrees, the long rod is arranged at the front end, the short rod is arranged at the rear end, and the short rod is in pin joint with the front groove of the fork rod.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the lower end of the adjusting screw rod is sleeved with a spring, the upper end of the spring abuts against the lower surface of the rear frame, and the lower end of the spring abuts against the upper surface of the balancing rod.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the lower surface of the balance rod is provided with three guide rods at intervals, and the lower ends of the three guide rods are hinged with the middle part of one shovel rod.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the outer end of the digging shovel is tongue-shaped, and the thickness of the digging shovel is thinner than that of the inner end.
As a further improvement of the scheme, firstly, a nut is driven to rotate on an adjusting screw rod through a handle sleeve, the adjusting screw rod pushes and pulls a balance rod and a guide rod to move up and down, so that a digging shovel at the lower end of a shovel rod is inserted into soil to a proper depth, the outer end of the digging shovel can effectively cut off root hairs, simultaneously, after a walking tractor runs, the walking tractor slowly moves forwards, a bent rod of a fork frame at the front end of the walking tractor separates garlic sprouts outside the width of a frame, the garlic sprouts in the width are dug out and then are pulled backwards through a pulling plate on a conveying chain to be collected, in addition, the conveying chain is driven through a driving wheel, the driving wheel is driven through a moving shaft, a belt wheel transmits the kinetic energy of a diesel engine through a belt, the belt wheel is sleeved on an execution shaft, and the execution shaft transmits;
the digging shovel is arc-shaped, the outer end of the digging shovel is a tongue-shaped tip, the tongue-shaped tip is obliquely inserted into soil from the rear to cut off garlic sprout root hairs, before the garlic sprout root hairs are not cut off in the soil of the digging shovel, the tongue-shaped tip of the digging shovel is far away from a white part in the garlic sprout soil, the situation that the tongue-shaped tip of the digging shovel breaks the white part of the garlic sprouts is avoided, in addition, a shovel rod of the digging shovel is hinged to the rear frame, the inclination angle of the digging shovel can be changed through an adjusting screw rod to adjust the inserting depth of the digging shovel, and the digging shovel head is finally positioned at the root hairs of the garlic sprouts in the soil;
the bent rod of the fork frame can rotate upwards at the front end of the fork rod, when the head of the walking tractor inclines downwards, the bent rod can rotate when contacting with the ground, the bent rod is prevented from being broken and deformed, after the head of the walking tractor is lifted, the short rod of the bent rod is parallel to the fork rod, the lower surface of the short rod is arranged on the cross rod below the front end of the fork rod, the short rod is prevented from rotating downwards, and the parallel of the short rod and the fork rod is ensured.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following advantages: the garlic digging machine has the advantages that the garlic digging machine is compact in structure and reasonable in design, is dragged by an agricultural hand tractor, cuts off root hairs by the root hair parts obliquely inserted into garlic sprouts through the digging shovel, digs out the linear garlic sprouts from the soil through ditching, pulls out the garlic sprouts from the root in the soil through the pulling plate on the conveying chain to bring the garlic sprouts to the back, is convenient for people to pick up, is easier to dig out the dried garlic and the garlic head parts in the broken soil than the traditional shovel digs garlic, is high in garlic digging speed and efficiency, and is suitable for planting land blocks in a large scale.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the short rod ends of the fork rod and the bent rod in the fork frame.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of the construction of the shovel.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, as shown in figures 1-3.
Example 1
A mechanical continuous working garlic digging device comprises a frame 1, the front end of the frame 1 is connected with a fork rod 2 of a fork frame, the lower part of the front end of the frame 1 is vertically provided with a fixed shaft 4, the lower end of the fixed shaft 4 is sleeved with a driven wheel 5, the driven wheel 5 is connected with a main wheel 8 through a conveying chain 6, a plurality of conveying pulling plates 7 are arranged on the conveying chain 6 at intervals, the main wheel 8 is sleeved on a moving shaft 9, the moving shaft 9 is sleeved in a rear frame 13 through a bearing, the upper end of the moving shaft 9 transmits power on an execution shaft 11 which is horizontally arranged through a bevel gear pair 10, a belt wheel 12 is further sleeved on the execution shaft 11, the belt wheel 12 transmits the power of a head (diesel engine) of a walking tractor through a belt, the rear frame 13 is connected with the rear end of the frame 1, an adjusting screw rod 15 is arranged on the rear frame 13 in a penetrating way, a screw is connected with a nut in a threaded manner on the adjusting screw rod 15, a, the lower end of the guide rod 19 is hinged to the middle of a shovel rod 24, the upper end of the shovel rod 24 is hinged to the rear frame 13 through an ear seat, and the lower end of the shovel rod 24 is integrally provided with a digging shovel 20;
the outer end of the digging shovel 20 far away from the lower end of the shovel rod 24 is arranged to be a tip, the inner end of the digging shovel 20 close to the lower end of the shovel rod 24 is arranged to be a leveling end, the digging shovel 20 is in an inverted trapezoid shape, and the outer end and the inner end of the digging shovel 20 are symmetrical in the length direction and arc-shaped concave surfaces.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the fork frame is of a symmetrical structure and comprises a fork rod 2, a groove 23 is formed in the fork rod 2, one end of the fork rod 2 is symmetrical and is obliquely connected to the front end of the rack 1 from front to lower, a notch 21 is formed in the bottom of the groove 23 in the front end of the fork rod 2, a cross rod 22 is arranged on the outer side of the notch 21, and the end part of the notch 23 is in pin connection with the short rod end of the bent rod 3.
As a further improvement to the above solution, the bending rod 3 is a bending rod bent to be greater than 90 degrees, the long rod is arranged at the front end, the short rod is arranged at the rear end, and the short rod is pinned in the front groove 23 of the fork rod 2.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the lower end of the adjusting screw rod 15 is sleeved with a spring 18, the upper end of the spring 18 is pressed against the lower surface of the rear frame 13, and the lower end of the spring is pressed against the upper surface of the balancing rod 17.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the lower surface of the balance bar 17 is provided with three guide rods 19 at intervals, and the lower ends of the three guide rods 19 are hinged with the middle part of a shovel rod 24.
As a further improvement to the above solution, the outer end of the digging shovel 20 is tongue-shaped, and the thickness of the tongue-shaped digging shovel is thinner than that of the inner end.
As a further improvement of the above scheme, firstly, a nut is driven to rotate on an adjusting screw rod 15 through a handle sleeve 16, so that the adjusting screw rod 15 pushes and pulls a balance rod 17 and a guide rod 19 to perform lifting displacement, further, a digging shovel 20 at the lower end of a shovel rod 24 is inserted into soil to a proper depth, the outer end of the digging shovel 20 can effectively cut off root hairs, and simultaneously, after the walking tractor runs, the walking tractor slowly moves forwards, a bent rod of a fork frame at the front end of the walking tractor separates garlic sprouts out of the width of a frame 1, the garlic sprouts in the width are pulled backwards and collected through a pulling plate on a conveying chain 6 after being dug out, in addition, the conveying chain 6 is driven through a driving wheel, the driving wheel is driven through a moving shaft 9, a belt wheel 12 transmits the kinetic energy of a diesel engine through a belt, the belt wheel 12 is sleeved on an execution shaft 11, and the execution shaft 11 transmits the;
the digging shovel 20 is arc-shaped, the outer end of the digging shovel is a tongue-shaped tip which is obliquely inserted into soil from the rear to cut off garlic sprout root hairs, before the digging shovel 20 is inserted into the soil to cut off the garlic sprout root hairs, the tongue-shaped tip of the digging shovel 20 is far away from a white part in the garlic sprout soil, the situation that the tongue-shaped tip of the digging shovel 20 cuts the white part of the garlic sprouts is avoided, in addition, a shovel rod 24 of the digging shovel 20 is hinged on the rear frame 13, the inclination angle of the digging shovel 20 can be changed through an adjusting screw rod 15 to adjust the insertion depth of the digging shovel 20, and the head of the digging shovel 20 is finally positioned at the root hairs of the garlic sprouts in the inserted soil;
the bent rod of the fork frame can rotate upwards at the front end of the fork rod 2, when the head of the walking tractor inclines downwards, the bent rod can rotate when contacting with the ground, the bent rod is prevented from being broken and deformed, after the head of the walking tractor is lifted, the short rod of the bent rod is parallel to the fork rod 2, the lower surface of the short rod is arranged on a cross rod arranged below the front end of the fork rod 2, the short rod is prevented from rotating downwards, and the short rod is guaranteed to be parallel to the fork rod 2.
Example 2
A mechanical continuous working garlic digging device comprises a frame 1, the front end of the frame 1 is connected with a fork rod 2 of a fork frame, the lower part of the front end of the frame 1 is vertically provided with a fixed shaft 4, the lower end of the fixed shaft 4 is sleeved with a driven wheel 5, the driven wheel 5 is connected with a main wheel 8 through a conveying chain 6, a plurality of conveying pulling plates 7 are arranged on the conveying chain 6 at intervals, the main wheel 8 is sleeved on a moving shaft 9, the moving shaft 9 is sleeved in a rear frame 13 through a bearing, the upper end of the moving shaft 9 transmits power on an execution shaft 11 which is horizontally arranged through a bevel gear pair 10, a belt wheel 12 is further sleeved on the execution shaft 11, the belt wheel 12 transmits the power of a head (diesel engine) of a walking tractor through a belt, the rear frame 13 is connected with the rear end of the frame 1, an adjusting screw rod 15 is arranged on the rear frame 13 in a penetrating way, a screw is connected with a nut in a threaded manner on the adjusting screw rod 15, a, the lower end of the guide rod 19 is hinged to the middle of a shovel rod 24, the upper end of the shovel rod 24 is hinged to the rear frame 13 through an ear seat, and the lower end of the shovel rod 24 is integrally provided with a digging shovel 20;
the outer end of the digging shovel 20 far away from the lower end of the shovel rod 24 is arranged to be a tip, the inner end of the digging shovel 20 close to the lower end of the shovel rod 24 is arranged to be a leveling end, the digging shovel 20 is in an inverted trapezoid shape, and the outer end and the inner end of the digging shovel 20 are symmetrical in the length direction and arc-shaped concave surfaces.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the fork frame is of a symmetrical structure and comprises a fork rod 2, a groove 23 is formed in the fork rod 2, one end of the fork rod 2 is symmetrical and is obliquely connected to the front end of the rack 1 from front to lower, a notch 21 is formed in the bottom of the groove 23 in the front end of the fork rod 2, a cross rod 22 is arranged on the outer side of the notch 21, and the end part of the notch 23 is in pin connection with the short rod end of the bent rod 3.
As a further improvement to the above solution, the bending rod 3 is a bending rod bent to be greater than 90 degrees, the long rod is arranged at the front end, the short rod is arranged at the rear end, and the short rod is pinned in the front groove 23 of the fork rod 2.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the lower end of the adjusting screw rod 15 is sleeved with a spring 18, the upper end of the spring 18 is pressed against the lower surface of the rear frame 13, and the lower end of the spring is pressed against the upper surface of the balancing rod 17.
As a further improvement to the above scheme, the lower surface of the balance bar 17 is provided with three guide rods 19 at intervals, and the lower ends of the three guide rods 19 are hinged with the middle part of a shovel rod 24.
As a further improvement to the above solution, the rear frame 13 is provided with a waist hole 14, and an adjusting screw 15 is arranged in the waist hole 14 in a penetrating manner, so as to facilitate displacement of the adjusting screw when adjusting the inclination degree of the shovel 20.
As a further improvement to the above solution, the outer end of the digging shovel 20 is tongue-shaped and has a thinner thickness than the inner end
As a further improvement of the above scheme, firstly, a nut is driven to rotate on an adjusting screw rod 15 through a handle sleeve 16, so that the adjusting screw rod 15 pushes and pulls a balance rod 17 and a guide rod 19 to perform lifting displacement, further, a digging shovel 20 at the lower end of a shovel rod 24 is inserted into soil to a proper depth, the outer end of the digging shovel 20 can effectively cut off root hairs, and simultaneously, after the walking tractor runs, the walking tractor slowly moves forwards, a bent rod of a fork frame at the front end of the walking tractor separates garlic sprouts out of the width of a frame 1, the garlic sprouts in the width are pulled backwards and collected through a pulling plate on a conveying chain 6 after being dug out, in addition, the conveying chain 6 is driven through a driving wheel, the driving wheel is driven through a moving shaft 9, a belt wheel 12 transmits the kinetic energy of a diesel engine through a belt, the belt wheel 12 is sleeved on an execution shaft 11, and the execution shaft 11 transmits the;
the digging shovel 20 is arc-shaped, the outer end of the digging shovel is a tongue-shaped tip which is obliquely inserted into soil from the rear to cut off garlic sprout root hairs, before the digging shovel 20 is inserted into the soil to cut off the garlic sprout root hairs, the tongue-shaped tip of the digging shovel 20 is far away from a white part in the garlic sprout soil, the situation that the tongue-shaped tip of the digging shovel 20 cuts the white part of the garlic sprouts is avoided, in addition, a shovel rod 24 of the digging shovel 20 is hinged on the rear frame 13, the inclination angle of the digging shovel 20 can be changed through an adjusting screw rod 15 to adjust the insertion depth of the digging shovel 20, and the head of the digging shovel 20 is finally positioned at the root hairs of the garlic sprouts in the inserted soil;
the bent rod of the fork frame can rotate upwards at the front end of the fork rod 2, when the head of the walking tractor inclines downwards, the bent rod can rotate when contacting with the ground, the bent rod is prevented from being broken and deformed, after the head of the walking tractor is lifted, the short rod of the bent rod is parallel to the fork rod 2, the lower surface of the short rod is arranged on a cross rod arranged below the front end of the fork rod 2, the short rod is prevented from rotating downwards, and the short rod is guaranteed to be parallel to the fork rod 2.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. A mechanical continuous working garlic digging device comprises a frame and is characterized in that the front end of the frame is connected with a fork frame, a fixed shaft is vertically arranged at the lower part of the front end of the frame, the lower end of the fixed shaft is sleeved with a driven wheel, the driven wheel is connected with a main wheel through a conveying chain, a plurality of conveying pulling plates are arranged on the conveying chain at intervals, the main wheel is sleeved on a movable shaft, the movable shaft is sleeved in a rear frame through a bearing, the upper end of the movable shaft transmits power on an execution shaft which is horizontally arranged through a bevel gear pair, a belt wheel is further sleeved on the execution shaft, the rear frame is connected to the rear end of the frame, an adjusting screw rod is arranged on the rear frame in a through mode, a screw nut is connected with a thread on the adjusting screw rod, a handle sleeve is arranged outside the screw nut, the lower end of the adjusting screw rod is fixedly connected with the upper surface of a balance rod, the lower end;
the outer end of the digging shovel, which is far away from the lower end of the shovel rod, is arranged to be a tip end, the inner end of the digging shovel, which is close to the lower end of the shovel rod, is provided with a leveling end, the digging shovel is in an inverted trapezoid shape, and the digging shovel is symmetrical in the length direction and is in an arc concave surface shape between the outer end and the inner end of the digging shovel.
2. The mechanical continuous garlic digging device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fork is of a symmetrical structure and comprises a fork rod, a groove is arranged in the fork rod, one end of the fork rod is connected to the front end of the frame symmetrically and obliquely forwards and downwards, a notch is arranged at the bottom of the groove at the front end of the fork rod, a cross rod is arranged outside the notch, and the end part of the notch is connected with the short rod end of the bent rod in a pin mode.
3. The mechanical continuous garlic digging device as claimed in claim 2, wherein the bent rod is bent to a degree greater than 90 degrees, the long rod is arranged at the front end, the short rod is arranged at the rear end, and the short rod is pinned in the front groove of the fork rod.
4. The mechanical continuous garlic digging device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower end of the adjusting screw rod is sleeved with a spring, the upper end of the spring is pressed against the lower surface of the rear frame, and the lower end of the spring is pressed against the upper surface of the balancing bar.
5. The mechanical continuous garlic digging device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the lower surface of the balancing bar is provided with three guide bars at intervals, and the lower ends of the three guide bars are hinged with the middle part of a shovel bar.
6. The mechanical continuous garlic digging device as claimed in claim 1, wherein the digging shovel has a tongue-shaped outer end and a thinner thickness than an inner end.
CN202011468621.4A 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 Mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device Active CN112492951B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011468621.4A CN112492951B (en) 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 Mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011468621.4A CN112492951B (en) 2020-12-15 2020-12-15 Mechanical continuous operation garlic digging device

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CN112492951A true CN112492951A (en) 2021-03-16
CN112492951B CN112492951B (en) 2021-11-16

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0866113A (en) * 1994-08-30 1996-03-12 Kobashi Kogyo Co Ltd Harvester for leaf vegetables
CN201156881Y (en) * 2007-05-05 2008-12-03 马灿魁 Garlic harvester
CN202310573U (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-07-11 山西卓里集团有限公司 Potato harvesting device
CN203708823U (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-07-16 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Garlic harvesting machine
CN106818019A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-13 济南大学 Garlic digging harvester
CN110859082A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-06 山东省玛丽亚农业机械有限公司 Towed big and small row garlic combine harvester

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0866113A (en) * 1994-08-30 1996-03-12 Kobashi Kogyo Co Ltd Harvester for leaf vegetables
CN201156881Y (en) * 2007-05-05 2008-12-03 马灿魁 Garlic harvester
CN202310573U (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-07-11 山西卓里集团有限公司 Potato harvesting device
CN203708823U (en) * 2014-02-17 2014-07-16 山东省农业机械科学研究院 Garlic harvesting machine
CN106818019A (en) * 2017-04-01 2017-06-13 济南大学 Garlic digging harvester
CN110859082A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-06 山东省玛丽亚农业机械有限公司 Towed big and small row garlic combine harvester

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