CN112467855A - Wisdom street lamp system - Google Patents

Wisdom street lamp system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112467855A
CN112467855A CN202011155324.4A CN202011155324A CN112467855A CN 112467855 A CN112467855 A CN 112467855A CN 202011155324 A CN202011155324 A CN 202011155324A CN 112467855 A CN112467855 A CN 112467855A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
solar panel
resistor
transistor
lamp
lamp holder
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Granted
Application number
CN202011155324.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112467855B (en
Inventor
梁熹
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Chengdu Huati Huicheng Technology Co ltd
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Chengdu Huati Huicheng Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011155324.4A priority Critical patent/CN112467855B/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/35Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering with light sensitive cells
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V23/00Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices
    • F21V23/003Arrangement of electric circuit elements in or on lighting devices the elements being electronics drivers or controllers for operating the light source, e.g. for a LED array
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J7/00Circuit arrangements for charging or depolarising batteries or for supplying loads from batteries
    • H02J7/34Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering
    • H02J7/345Parallel operation in networks using both storage and other dc sources, e.g. providing buffering using capacitors as storage or buffering devices
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J9/00Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting
    • H02J9/04Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source
    • H02J9/06Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting in which the distribution system is disconnected from the normal source and connected to a standby source with automatic change-over, e.g. UPS systems
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/30Electrical components
    • H02S40/32Electrical components comprising DC/AC inverter means associated with the PV module itself, e.g. AC modules
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21WINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO USES OR APPLICATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
    • F21W2131/00Use or application of lighting devices or systems not provided for in codes F21W2102/00-F21W2121/00
    • F21W2131/10Outdoor lighting
    • F21W2131/103Outdoor lighting of streets or roads
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21YINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBCLASSES F21K, F21L, F21S and F21V, RELATING TO THE FORM OR THE KIND OF THE LIGHT SOURCES OR OF THE COLOUR OF THE LIGHT EMITTED
    • F21Y2115/00Light-generating elements of semiconductor light sources
    • F21Y2115/10Light-emitting diodes [LED]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B20/00Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps
    • Y02B20/72Energy efficient lighting technologies, e.g. halogen lamps or gas discharge lamps in street lighting
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention provides an intelligent street lamp system which comprises a lamp holder, a lamp post and a solar power supply system, wherein the lamp holder is connected with the lamp post, the solar power supply system comprises a solar panel, an inverter and a storage battery, the solar panel is arranged on the opposite side of one side, provided with the lamp holder, of the lamp post, the lamp holder is obliquely and upwards arranged, the lamp holder is connected with the solar panel through the inverter, the lamp holder is connected with the storage battery through the inverter, the solar panel is connected with the storage battery, the solar panel is provided with a waterproof device, the waterproof device comprises a humidity sensor, a motor and a rotary protection cover, the humidity sensor is arranged on the lamp holder, the humidity sensor. The invention solves the problems that the solar panel is easy to damage due to frequent impact of rain drops and the solar panel is easy to leak electricity due to long-time wet state when meeting wet weather conditions such as rain.

Description

Wisdom street lamp system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of street lamps, in particular to an intelligent street lamp system.
Background
Roadway lighting refers to lighting set for roadways and their appurtenances. The safety device is used for improving the safety of vehicle driving and pedestrian walking at night and preventing traffic accidents. The traffic condition can be improved, the driving fatigue is reduced, the road traffic capacity is improved, and the traffic accidents are effectively reduced by reasonable arrangement.
The street lamp is the most common road lighting tool, the solar panel is usually added on the street lamp in the existing solar street lamp, and the normal power supply of the street lamp at night is effectively ensured by combining the controller, the storage battery and other equipment, however, the existing solar panel is generally directly exposed in the air, when the street lamp meets the humid weather conditions such as rain, the solar panel is easily damaged due to frequent impact of rain, and the solar panel is also easily subjected to electric leakage due to being in a humid state for a long time. Therefore, there is a need to provide an intelligent street lamp system to overcome the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an intelligent street lamp system, which aims to solve the problems that the conventional solar panel is generally directly exposed in the air, is easily damaged due to frequent impact of rain drops when meeting humid weather conditions such as rain and the like, and is also easily subjected to electric leakage due to long-time humid state.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: an intelligent street lamp system comprises a lamp holder, a lamp post and a solar power supply system, wherein the lamp holder is connected with the lamp post, the solar power supply system comprises a solar panel, an inverter and a storage battery, the solar panel is installed on the opposite side of one side, on which the lamp holder is installed, of the lamp post, the solar panel is obliquely and upwards arranged, the lamp holder is connected with the solar panel through the inverter, the lamp holder is connected with the storage battery through the inverter, the solar panel is connected with the storage battery, the solar panel is provided with a waterproof device, the waterproof device comprises a humidity sensor, a motor and a rotary protection cover, the humidity sensor is installed on the lamp holder, the humidity;
the solar power supply system further comprises an auxiliary power supply circuit, wherein the auxiliary power supply circuit comprises a solar panel B1 of a solar panel, a photoresistor RG, a triode Q1, a MOS tube Q2, a triode Q3, a voltage stabilizing tube ZD1, a resistor R1, a resistor R2, a resistor R3, a resistor R4, a capacitor C1, a capacitor C2, a diode D1 and an output end P1;
the anode of the solar cell panel B1 is connected with the anode of the diode D1 and one end of the resistor R3, the cathode of the solar cell panel B1 is connected with one end of the resistor R4 and the emitter of the transistor Q3 and is grounded, the other end of the resistor R3 is connected with one end of the photoresistor RG, the other end of the photoresistor RG and the other end of the resistor R4 are connected with the base of the transistor Q3, the cathode of the diode D1 is connected with one end of the capacitor C1, one end of the resistor R1, one end of the resistor R2 and the source of the MOS tube Q2, the collector of the transistor Q3 is connected with the other end of the capacitor C1 and the emitter of the transistor Q1 and is grounded, the base of the transistor Q1 is connected with the anode of the voltage regulator tube ZD1, the cathode of the voltage regulator tube 1 is connected with the other end of the resistor R1, the collector of the drain of the transistor Q1 is connected with the ZD1 and the output end of the capacitor P1, the other end of the capacitor C2 is grounded, and the output terminal P1 is used for power supply.
Further, the rotating protective cover is a transparent protective cover.
Further, the solar cell panel B1 is a polycrystalline silicon 5W/5V solar cell panel.
Further, the transistor Q1 is an NPN type 2N3904 transistor.
Further, the transistor Q3 is an NPN type 9013 transistor.
Further, the MOS transistor Q2 is an IRF9840 MOS transistor with a P-type channel.
Further, the output terminal P1 is connected to a battery to charge the battery.
Further, the output terminal P1 is connected to the base through an inverter to supply power to the base.
Further, the rotary protection cover is an arc-shaped protection cover.
Further, the waterproof device also comprises a timing controller, and the timing controller is connected with the motor.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects: according to the intelligent street lamp system, the solar panel is protected by the rotary protection cover, so that the phenomenon that the solar panel is damaged due to impact of rain drops and the solar panel leaks electricity due to long-time wet state in wet weather such as rainy days is avoided; and aiming at the condition that the existing solar power supply circuit cannot normally operate in the wet weather and when the light is weak, the solar panel can continue to supply power through the auxiliary power supply circuit even when the light is weak, so that the power supply efficiency is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic circuit diagram of an auxiliary power supply circuit of an intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic connection diagram of a motor and a rotary protective cover of the intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view illustrating connection between a traction cable and a pulley of the intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a hand wheel of the intelligent street lamp system of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view illustrating connection between a lamp head and a lamp post of the intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic view illustrating the connection between adjacent slot covers of the intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of a reset engaging member of an intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view illustrating the connection between the slot cover and the auxiliary wheel of the intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 9 is a schematic position diagram of an auxiliary slot and an auxiliary wheel of the intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Fig. 10 is a schematic view illustrating a connection between a lamp cap and a slot cover of an intelligent street lamp system according to the present invention.
Reference numerals: the lamp comprises a lamp holder 1, a lamp post 2, a pulley 3, a traction cable 4, a motor 5, a rotary protective cover 6, a hand wheel 7, a groove cover 8, a reset clamping piece 9, an auxiliary groove 10, an auxiliary wheel 11, a winding disc 12 and a stress plate 13.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions of the present invention are further described in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings, but the scope of the present invention is not limited to the following.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention more apparent, the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely with reference to the accompanying drawings of the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are some, but not all embodiments of the present invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention. Thus, the following detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention, presented in the figures, is not intended to limit the scope of the invention, as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be obtained by a person skilled in the art without any inventive step based on the embodiments of the present invention, are within the scope of the present invention.
The present invention will be further described with reference to the following examples, which are intended to illustrate only some, but not all, of the embodiments of the present invention. Based on the embodiments of the present invention, other embodiments used by those skilled in the art without any creative effort belong to the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 10, an embodiment of the present invention is shown, which is for illustration purpose only and is not limited by the structure.
Example one
An intelligent street lamp system comprises a lamp holder 1, a lamp post 2 and a solar power supply system, wherein the lamp holder 1 is connected with the lamp post 2, the solar power supply system comprises a solar panel, an inverter and a storage battery, the solar panel is arranged on the opposite side of one side, provided with the lamp holder 1, of the lamp post 2, the solar panel is obliquely and upwards arranged, the lamp holder 1 is connected with the solar panel through the inverter, the lamp holder 1 is connected with the storage battery through the inverter, the solar panel is connected with the storage battery, and is provided with a waterproof device, the waterproof device comprises a humidity sensor, a motor 5 and a rotary protection cover 6, the humidity sensor is arranged on the lamp holder 1 and is connected with the motor 5, as shown in figure 2, the motor;
the solar power supply system further comprises an auxiliary power supply circuit, as shown in fig. 1, the auxiliary power supply circuit comprises a solar panel B1 of a solar panel, a photoresistor RG, a triode Q1, a MOS transistor Q2, a triode Q3, a voltage regulator ZD1, a resistor R1, a resistor R2, a resistor R3, a resistor R4, a capacitor C1, a capacitor C2, a diode D1 and an output end P1;
the anode of the solar cell panel B1 is connected with the anode of the diode D1 and one end of the resistor R3, the cathode of the solar cell panel B1 is connected with one end of the resistor R4 and the emitter of the transistor Q3 and is grounded, the other end of the resistor R3 is connected with one end of the photoresistor RG, the other end of the photoresistor RG and the other end of the resistor R4 are connected with the base of the transistor Q3, the cathode of the diode D1 is connected with one end of the capacitor C1, one end of the resistor R1, one end of the resistor R2 and the source of the MOS tube Q2, the collector of the transistor Q3 is connected with the other end of the capacitor C1 and the emitter of the transistor Q1 and is grounded, the base of the transistor Q1 is connected with the anode of the voltage regulator tube ZD1, the cathode of the voltage regulator tube 1 is connected with the other end of the resistor R1, the collector of the drain of the transistor Q1 is connected with the ZD1 and the output end of the capacitor P1, the other end of the capacitor C2 is grounded, and the output terminal P1 is used for power supply.
Further, the rotating protective cover 6 is a transparent protective cover. The solar panel B1 is a polycrystalline silicon 5W/5V solar panel. Transistor Q1 is an NPN type 2N3904 transistor. The transistor Q3 is an NPN type 9013 transistor. The MOS transistor Q2 is an IRF9840 type MOS transistor with a P-type channel. The output terminal P1 is connected to a battery to charge the battery. The output terminal P1 is connected to the base 1 via an inverter to supply power to the base 1. The rotary protection cover 6 is an arc-shaped protection cover. The waterproof device further comprises a timing controller, and the timing controller is connected with the motor 5.
Example two
The model of the diode D1 is 1N4148, the resistance of the resistor R1 is 10k omega, the resistance of the resistor R2 is 100k omega, and the size of the capacitor C2 is 100 muF.
The solar cell panel B1 receives external light to generate current, and the capacitor C1 is charged through the diode D1; the capacitor C1 is a super large capacitor with the capacity of 1F; diode D1 acts to prevent current reversal. When the external light is weak, the generated current is small, the charging time of the capacitor C1 is long, when the voltage of the capacitor C1 reaches 4V, the voltage regulator tube ZD1 of 3.3V breaks down in the reverse direction, the triode Q1 is conducted, the grid of the MOS tube Q2 is pulled down, and the MOS tube Q2 is conducted. After certain energy is accumulated through the capacitor C1, the triode Q1 is conducted, the MOS transistor Q2 starts to work, the inherent work loss of the MOS transistor Q2 is reduced, and the solar cell can also accumulate energy in a weak light state.
The auxiliary power supply circuit utilizes the characteristic that the photosensitive resistor RG changes by the illumination resistance value to control the on-off of the triode Q3, namely, whether the auxiliary power supply circuit works or not is controlled. When the photosensitive resistor RG is illuminated, the resistance value of the photosensitive resistor RG is reduced, the triode Q3 is conducted, and the auxiliary power supply circuit works; when the photosensitive resistor RG is not illuminated, the resistance value of the photosensitive resistor RG is restored to the resistance value under the dark environment, namely, the resistance value is increased, the triode Q3 is turned on and turned off, and the auxiliary power supply circuit does not work. The auxiliary power supply circuit can be guaranteed to stop working under the condition that no light exists, and loss is reduced. On the basis of the auxiliary power supply circuit, the solar power supply circuit can be matched with the existing solar power supply circuit for use, only the photosensitive sensor needs to be additionally arranged, the intensity of light rays is detected through the photosensitive sensor, and when the light rays are strong, the existing solar power supply circuit can be used; when the light is weak, the auxiliary power supply circuit can be switched to, so that the working loss is reduced. Or the existing solar power supply circuit and the auxiliary power supply circuit are used simultaneously, so that the power supply amount is increased, and the power storage and the power supply can be performed quickly.
The resistance of the resistor R3 is 2.2k omega, and the resistance of the resistor R4 is 2k omega.
EXAMPLE III
In the implementation process of the invention, it is also found that when the street lamp is maintained, a maintenance worker usually needs to climb to the top end of the lamp post 2 or uses the elevator to convey the maintenance worker to a position with a height equal to that of the lamp cap 1, and the maintenance worker needs to perform overhead operation in any mode, and the difficulty and the danger of the overhead operation are well known, so that the maintenance cost is often higher, which brings higher operation cost to an operator of the street lamp.
To above-mentioned problem, this wisdom street lamp system has add operating system, and has carried out following setting to lamp holder 1 and lamp pole 2:
as shown in fig. 5 and 10, the lamp holder 1 includes an LED light source lamp sheet and a lamp cover mounted with the LED light source lamp sheet, the lamp post 2 includes a right-angle groove with two closed ends and a slot cover 8 matched with the right-angle groove, and the lamp holder 1 is located on one side surface of the slot cover 8;
as shown in fig. 6, a plurality of slot covers 8 are provided, the plurality of slot covers 8 are sequentially connected and then form a lamp post 2 with a right-angled groove, the slot covers 8 close to the lamp shade are fixedly connected with the lamp shade, a reset clamping piece 9 is provided at the joint of the adjacent slot covers 8, clamping grooves matched with the reset clamping piece 9 are provided at the outer sides of the lower parts of the rest of the slot covers 8 except the slot cover 8 at the bottommost end, the reset clamping piece 9 is provided at the inner sides of the upper parts of the rest of the slot covers 8 except the slot cover 8 connected with the lamp shade, and after the reset clamping piece 9 is clamped and connected with the clamping grooves, one side surface of the right-angled groove where the slot cover 8 is installed is gradually inclined from bottom to;
as shown in fig. 3, the lifting system comprises a plurality of pulleys 3 fixedly connected with the inner wall of the right-angle groove, a traction cable 4 sequentially sleeved among the pulleys 3, and a relay plate 13 fixedly connected with the lower part of the inner wall of the groove cover 8 to form an L-shaped structure, wherein one end of the traction cable 4 is fixedly connected with the lampshade, the other end of the traction cable is wound on a winding disc 12 in a winding manner, as shown in fig. 3 and 4, a hand wheel 7 is coaxially connected with the winding disc 12, auxiliary grooves 10 are arranged on two inner sides of the right-angle groove, as shown in fig. 9, auxiliary wheels 11 moving in the auxiliary grooves 10 are arranged in the auxiliary grooves 10, and as shown in fig. 8, two sides of the groove cover 8 are respectively connected with the auxiliary.
The clamping piece 9 that resets adopts elastic material preparation to form, and elastic material can make when reseing in the clamping piece 9 extrusion, can contract to capping 8, and last capping 8 can slide down, or when next capping 8 rebound, the clamping piece 9 that resets can resume the original state block to the draw-in groove, links together two capping 8. In order to achieve the above-described effects, as shown in fig. 7, a spring is provided inside the return engaging piece 9; a plurality of reset clamping pieces 9 are transversely arranged; the reset engaging member 9 is provided in plurality in the longitudinal direction.
Example four
When the lamp holder 1 needs to be maintained or the LED light source lamp piece needs to be replaced, an access door arranged at the lower part of the lamp pole 2 is opened, a hand wheel 7 is installed in the access door, the hand wheel 7 is rotated, the winding disc 12 starts to loosen the traction rope 4, the lamp holder 1 starts to descend under the self gravity, the relay plate 13 of the slot cover 8 connected with the lampshade descends to the relay plate 13 of the next slot cover 8, the reset clamping piece 9 is separated from the slot under the acting force, the reset clamping piece 9 contracts to the slot cover 8, the relay plates 13 are pressed downwards one by one, the slot covers 8 are overlapped, the relay plates 13 are overlapped until the relay plate 13 at the bottom end is pressed, namely the lamp holder 1 descends to the height convenient for the maintenance personnel to work, the high-altitude operation is not needed, the great significance is achieved, the risk of the maintenance personnel is reduced, and the operation cost of street lamp operators is also reduced. The hand wheel 7 can be manually operated, and can also be additionally provided with an auxiliary motor 5 for electric control.
The auxiliary groove 10 and the auxiliary wheel 11 can enable the groove cover 8 to move up and down better, reduce abrasion and prolong the service life. The pulleys 3 form a labor-saving structure, so that maintenance personnel can install, maintain and replace the lamp holder 1 more conveniently. The mounting process of the burner 1 can be referred to the reverse movement of the above-described lowering process of the burner 1. The arrangement of the lifting system, the lamp holder 1 and the lamp post 2 can be applied to the solar power supply system, so that the solar panel can be installed, maintained and replaced more conveniently and quickly, the risk of maintenance personnel of the solar power supply system is reduced, the operation cost of operators of the solar power supply system is reduced, the lamp post 2 with one side surface provided with the solar panel is only required to be arranged in a groove cover 8 mode, and the lampshade can be replaced by the solar panel.
The above-described embodiments are intended to be illustrative, not limiting, of the invention, and therefore, variations of the example values or substitutions of equivalent elements are intended to be within the scope of the invention.
From the above detailed description, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the foregoing objects and advantages of the invention are achieved and are in accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes.
While preferred embodiments of the present invention have been described, additional variations and modifications in those embodiments may occur to those skilled in the art once they learn of the basic inventive concepts. Therefore, it is intended that the appended claims be interpreted as including preferred embodiments and all such alterations and modifications as fall within the scope of the invention. The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, it should be noted that any modifications, equivalents and improvements made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. An intelligent street lamp system is characterized by comprising a lamp holder, a lamp post and a solar power supply system, wherein the lamp holder is connected with the lamp post, the solar power supply system comprises a solar panel, an inverter and a storage battery, the solar panel is installed on the opposite side of one side, on which the lamp holder is installed, of the lamp post, the solar panel is obliquely and upwards arranged, the lamp holder is connected with the solar panel through the inverter, the lamp holder is connected with the storage battery through the inverter, the solar panel is connected with the storage battery, the solar panel is provided with a waterproof device, the waterproof device comprises a humidity sensor, a motor and a rotary protection cover, the humidity sensor is installed on the lamp holder, the humidity sensor;
the solar power supply system further comprises an auxiliary power supply circuit, wherein the auxiliary power supply circuit comprises a solar panel B1 of a solar panel, a photoresistor RG, a triode Q1, a MOS tube Q2, a triode Q3, a voltage stabilizing tube ZD1, a resistor R1, a resistor R2, a resistor R3, a resistor R4, a capacitor C1, a capacitor C2, a diode D1 and an output end P1;
the anode of the solar cell panel B1 is connected with the anode of the diode D1 and one end of the resistor R3, the cathode of the solar cell panel B1 is connected with one end of the resistor R4 and the emitter of the transistor Q3 and is grounded, the other end of the resistor R3 is connected with one end of the photoresistor RG, the other end of the photoresistor RG and the other end of the resistor R4 are connected with the base of the transistor Q3, the cathode of the diode D1 is connected with one end of the capacitor C1, one end of the resistor R1, one end of the resistor R2 and the source of the MOS tube Q2, the collector of the transistor Q3 is connected with the other end of the capacitor C1 and the emitter of the transistor Q1 and is grounded, the base of the transistor Q1 is connected with the anode of the voltage regulator tube ZD1, the cathode of the voltage regulator tube 1 is connected with the other end of the resistor R1, the collector of the drain of the transistor Q1 is connected with the ZD1 and the output end of the capacitor P1, the other end of the capacitor C2 is grounded, and the output terminal P1 is used for power supply.
2. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotary protective cover is a transparent protective cover.
3. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the solar panel B1 is a polysilicon 5W/5V solar panel.
4. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the transistor Q1 is an NPN type 2N3904 transistor.
5. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the transistor Q3 is an NPN type 9013 transistor.
6. The intelligent street lamp system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the MOS transistor Q2 is an IRF9840 type MOS transistor with P-channel.
7. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the output terminal P1 is connected to a battery for charging the battery.
8. The intelligent street lamp system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the output terminal P1 is connected to the lamp head through an inverter to supply power to the lamp head.
9. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the rotary protection cover is an arc protection cover.
10. The intelligent street light system as claimed in claim 1, wherein the waterproof device further comprises a timing controller, and the timing controller is connected to the motor.
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