CN112391178A - Rotary equipment - Google Patents

Rotary equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112391178A
CN112391178A CN201910749199.0A CN201910749199A CN112391178A CN 112391178 A CN112391178 A CN 112391178A CN 201910749199 A CN201910749199 A CN 201910749199A CN 112391178 A CN112391178 A CN 112391178A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
drum
spiral
oscillating
charcoal
cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201910749199.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
江艳存
王贵山
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Zhaoyuan Huichao New Energy Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Zhaoyuan Huichao New Energy Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Zhaoyuan Huichao New Energy Technology Co ltd filed Critical Zhaoyuan Huichao New Energy Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN201910749199.0A priority Critical patent/CN112391178A/en
Publication of CN112391178A publication Critical patent/CN112391178A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B47/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials with indirect heating, e.g. by external combustion
    • C10B47/28Other processes
    • C10B47/30Other processes in rotary ovens or retorts
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B47/00Destructive distillation of solid carbonaceous materials with indirect heating, e.g. by external combustion
    • C10B47/28Other processes
    • C10B47/32Other processes in ovens with mechanical conveying means
    • C10B47/34Other processes in ovens with mechanical conveying means with rotary scraping devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B53/00Destructive distillation, specially adapted for particular solid raw materials or solid raw materials in special form
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B7/00Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven
    • C10B7/02Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven with rotary scraping devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B7/00Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven
    • C10B7/04Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven with shaking or vibrating devices
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C10PETROLEUM, GAS OR COKE INDUSTRIES; TECHNICAL GASES CONTAINING CARBON MONOXIDE; FUELS; LUBRICANTS; PEAT
    • C10BDESTRUCTIVE DISTILLATION OF CARBONAGEOUS MATERIALS FOR PRODUCTION OF GAS, COKE, TAR, OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • C10B7/00Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven
    • C10B7/12Coke ovens with mechanical conveying means for the raw material inside the oven with tilting or rocking means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B7/00Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F27B7/02Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined of multiple-chamber or multiple-drum type
    • F27B7/04Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined of multiple-chamber or multiple-drum type with longitudinal divisions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B7/00Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F27B7/14Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined with means for agitating or moving the charge
    • F27B7/16Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined with means for agitating or moving the charge the means being fixed relatively to the drum, e.g. composite means
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27BFURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS IN GENERAL; OPEN SINTERING OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • F27B7/00Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined
    • F27B7/14Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined with means for agitating or moving the charge
    • F27B7/18Rotary-drum furnaces, i.e. horizontal or slightly inclined with means for agitating or moving the charge the means being movable within the drum

Abstract

The application discloses rotary equipment, including the cylinder, still including set up in charcoal stripping off device in the cylinder, along with the rotation of cylinder, charcoal stripping off device touches with the charcoal that solid organic matter surface schizolysis generated, peels off the charcoal. The during operation, along with the rotation of cylinder, the solid organic material rolls in the cylinder and moves, the solid organic matter is heated and takes place the schizolysis reaction, generate the charcoal on the surface of solid organic matter at first, through the rotation of cylinder, the touching takes place for the charcoal stripping off device and the charcoal on solid organic matter surface, thereby peel off the charcoal on solid organic matter surface, expose the inside part that does not take place the schizolysis of solid organic matter, continue to carry out the schizolysis, the charcoal that generates after the schizolysis continues to be peeled off by charcoal stripping off device, thereby avoided the charcoal parcel on the solid organic matter surface, hinder the schizolysis reaction, the schizolysis reaction has been accelerated, organic matter schizolysis efficiency has been.

Description

Rotary equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical equipment, in particular to rotary equipment.
Background
The rotary apparatus generally includes a rotating drum, the material in the drum slides and rolls along the inner wall of the drum along with the rotation of the drum, for example, cracking of solid organic matter, the drum heats the solid organic matter while the solid organic matter rolls and moves in the drum, and the solid organic matter is cracked to form carbon, cracked gas or cracked oil and other substances. In the practical use process, the heating and cracking of the solid organic matters are long in time consumption, and the cracking efficiency is low.
In summary, how to solve the problem of low cracking efficiency of the solid organic matters becomes a problem to be solved urgently by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, the present invention is directed to a rotary apparatus for improving the cracking efficiency of solid organic materials.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the utility model provides a rotary equipment, includes the cylinder, still including set up in charcoal stripping off device in the cylinder, along with the rotation of cylinder, charcoal stripping off device touches with the charcoal that solid organic matter surface schizolysis generated, peels off the charcoal.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned rotary apparatus, the carbon stripping device is a swinging member which is hung in the drum in a swinging manner and/or a protrusion which is provided on an inner wall of the drum, and the swinging member and the protrusion are used for colliding with the surface of the solid organic matter.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned rotating device, the swinging member is any one or a combination of more than one of a chain, a strip and a rope.
Preferably, in the above-described revolving apparatus, the oscillating member is plural and arranged in a circumferential direction and an axial direction of the drum.
Preferably, in the above-described slewing device, at least one point of the chain and the rope is suspended in the drum.
Preferably, in the above-described slewing device, at least one of the oscillating members is suspended at one suspension point of the drum.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned rotary apparatus, the apparatus further includes one or more sets of screws disposed in the drum, the screws extend spirally along an axial direction of the drum, a spiral material channel is formed by a side wall of the screws and a wall of the drum, and the carbon stripping device is disposed on a wall surface of the spiral material channel.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned rotary apparatus, when the carbon stripping device is an oscillating member, the carbon stripping device is respectively suspended and fixed in two adjacent oscillating members on two side walls of the spiral material channel, a suspension point of one of the oscillating members is located at a position where the spiral material channel is close to an inner wall of the drum, a suspension point of the other oscillating member is located at a position where the spiral material channel is far away from the inner wall of the drum, two adjacent oscillating members are arranged in a staggered manner in the circumferential direction, and the two adjacent oscillating members overlap in an oscillating process.
Preferably, in the above-described rotary apparatus, the projections are disposed on a wall surface of the spiral material passage.
Preferably, in the above mentioned revolving apparatus, the revolving apparatus further comprises a heating cylinder hermetically sleeved on the periphery of the drum, and the drum rotates relative to the heating cylinder fixedly arranged; and an air communicating cavity is arranged in the spiral body, the air communicating cavity is communicated with the heating barrel and is used for introducing the heating air of the heating barrel into the air communicating cavity, and the outer wall of the spiral body is used for transferring heat with the material in the roller.
Preferably, in the above-mentioned rotary apparatus, the spiral body is an annular spiral body, and a radial distance exists between an inner ring of the annular spiral body and an axis of the drum.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
according to the rotary equipment provided by the invention, the roller is internally provided with the carbon stripping device, and the carbon stripping device is contacted with carbon generated by cracking the surface of the solid organic matter along with the rotation of the roller and is used for stripping the carbon on the surface of the solid organic matter. The during operation, along with the rotation of cylinder, the solid organic material rolls in the cylinder and moves, the solid organic matter is heated and takes place the schizolysis reaction, generate the charcoal on the surface of solid organic matter at first, through the rotation of cylinder, the touching takes place for the charcoal stripping off device and the charcoal on solid organic matter surface, thereby peel off the charcoal on solid organic matter surface, expose the inside part that does not take place the schizolysis of solid organic matter, continue to carry out the schizolysis, the charcoal that generates after the schizolysis continues to be peeled off by charcoal stripping off device, thereby avoided the charcoal parcel on the solid organic matter surface, hinder the schizolysis reaction, the schizolysis reaction has been accelerated, organic matter schizolysis efficiency has been.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only embodiments of the present invention, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the provided drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a rotating apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a second rotary apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic front view of a third swing apparatus provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a fourth rotational apparatus provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a fifth rotational apparatus provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 6 is a schematic axial sectional structure diagram of a sixth slewing device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 7 is a schematic axial sectional structure diagram of a seventh rotary apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of a strip of a rotating apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic diagram of a roller structure of a rotating apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 10 is a schematic structural diagram of a heating cartridge of a rotary apparatus according to an embodiment of the present invention.
Wherein, 1 is a roller, 2 is a carbon stripping device, 21 is a swinging piece, 211 is a chain-shaped object, 212 is a strip-shaped object, 22 is a protrusion, 3 is a spiral body, 4 is a communicating hole, 5 is a spiral material channel, 6 is a heating cylinder, 61 is a gas inlet and outlet, 62 is an observation port, 63 is an ignition port, and 64 is a waste discharge port.
Detailed Description
The core of the invention is to provide a rotating device, which improves the heat transfer efficiency.
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 7, an embodiment of the present invention provides a rotary apparatus, including a drum 1 and a carbon stripping device 2, wherein the carbon stripping device 2 is disposed in the drum 1, and along with rotation of the drum 1, the carbon stripping device 2 contacts with carbon generated by cracking a surface of a solid organic substance in the drum 1, so as to strip the carbon.
The applicant of the present application finds that the reason that the cracking efficiency of the solid organic matter is low is that carbon generated by cracking the surface of the solid organic matter is always coated on the surface of the solid organic matter, so that the uncracked part inside the solid organic matter cannot be heated well, and the cracking reaction speed is affected. And the slewing device in this embodiment is at the during operation, along with the rotation of cylinder 1, solid organic material rolls in cylinder 1 and moves, the pyrolysis takes place for solid organic matter is heated, generate charcoal on the surface of solid organic matter at first, through the rotation of cylinder 1, charcoal stripping off device 2 takes place the touching with the charcoal on solid organic matter surface, thereby peel off the charcoal on solid organic matter surface, expose the inside part that does not take place the pyrolysis of solid organic matter, continue to split, the charcoal that generates after the pyrolysis continues to be peeled off by charcoal stripping off device 2, thereby avoided the charcoal parcel on solid organic matter surface, make the inside quick heating of solid organic matter, the pyrolysis has been accelerated, organic matter cracking efficiency has been improved.
Further, in the present embodiment, the char-removing device 2 is a swinging member 21 which is swung and suspended in the drum 1 and/or a protrusion 22 which is provided on the inner wall of the drum 1, and the swinging member 21 and the protrusion 22 are used to collide with the surface of the solid organic matter. As shown in fig. 1, 3-8, the swinging member 21 is suspended in the drum 1, the swinging member 21 swings in the drum 1 along with the rotation of the drum 1, the swinging member 21 collides with the solid organic matters tumbling in the drum 1 in the swinging process, and the swinging member 21 collides with the carbon generated by cracking the surface of the solid organic matters. As shown in fig. 2, 3 and 6, the protrusions 22 are disposed on the inner wall of the drum 1, and during the rotation of the drum 1, the protrusions 22 collide with the surface of the solid organic substance in the process of rolling the solid organic substance along the inner wall of the drum 1, so as to collide the carbon generated by the surface decomposition of the solid organic substance. Compared with the natural tumbling process of the solid organic matters in the roller 1, the collision and falling probability of the carbon on the surface of the solid organic matters is greatly improved through the swinging piece 21 and the protrusions 22, so that the cracking efficiency of the solid organic matters is improved.
Specifically, the present embodiment provides a specific oscillating member 21, and the oscillating member 21 is any one or combination of more than one of the chains 211, the strips 212, the ropes, etc., that is, only one of the chains 211, the strips 212, the ropes, etc. may be provided in the drum 1, or any two of the chains 211, the strips 212, the ropes, etc. may be provided in the drum 1, or the chains 211, the strips 212, the ropes, etc. may be provided in the drum 1. As shown in fig. 1, 3-7, the chain 211 is a chain structure, and as shown in fig. 8, the strip 212 is a long strip structure; the rope is a metal cable structure as long as it can be suspended and swung in the drum 1, and the swinging member 21 is not limited to the configuration described in the present embodiment.
Further, in this embodiment, the swinging members 21 are plural and arranged along the circumferential direction and the axial direction of the drum 1, and are preferably uniformly distributed, so that the solid organic matters in the drum 1 can be stripped in the whole process of moving from the feeding end to the discharging end in the drum 1, and the cracking efficiency is further improved. And two adjacent swinging pieces 21 can play a role in rubbing solid organic matters in the swinging process, so that the carbon stripping effect is further improved.
In the present embodiment, at least one point of the chain 211 and the rope is suspended in the drum 1, that is, one end or both ends of the chain 211 and the rope or any point or points thereon are suspended in the drum 1. If the chains 211 and the ropes are suspended in the drum 1 at multiple points, the lengths of the chains 211 and the ropes are lengthened in order to secure the charcoal stripping effect.
In the embodiment, at least one swinging member 21 is hung on one hanging point of the drum 1, namely one or more swinging members 21 are hung on one point in the drum 1, if a plurality of swinging members 21 are hung on one point, a group of swinging members 21 are formed, the swinging range of the group of swinging members 21 at the hanging point is increased, the carbon stripping effect at the position is improved, the arrangement position of the group of swinging members 21 is selected according to the process requirement, or the hanging density and the spacing of the swinging members 21 are determined according to the process requirement.
In the present embodiment, the projections 22 are distributed over the inner wall of the drum 1, the projections 22 project into the drum 1, and the projections 22 may be in the shape of a cylinder, a cone, a pyramid, a mushroom, or the like, and are not limited to the shapes exemplified in the present embodiment as long as the carbon on the surface of the solid organic substance can be peeled off.
As shown in fig. 4-7, in the present embodiment, the rotary apparatus further includes one or more sets of spiral bodies 3 disposed in the drum 1, the spiral bodies 3 extend spirally along the axial direction of the drum 1, the side wall of the spiral body 3 and the wall of the drum 1 form a spiral material channel 5, and the char-stripping device 2 is disposed on the wall surface of the spiral material channel 5. After the arrangement, the spiral body 3 can make full use of the space in the roller 1, thereby greatly increasing the heat transfer area in the roller 1 and defining the moving path of the solid organic matters. During operation, the material gets into behind the cylinder 1 by the feed end of cylinder 1 in, along with the rotation of cylinder 1, the material removes to the discharge end by the feed end of cylinder 1 gradually in spiral material passageway 5, and the material is ordered about automatic rearward movement by rotatory spirochaeta 3, consequently, cylinder 1 can adopt the form that the level was placed, need not make the feed end be higher than the discharge end slope setting. The in-process that the material removed in spiral material passageway 5, the material contacts heat transfer with the lateral wall of spirochaeta 3 and the section of thick bamboo wall of cylinder 1 all the time, and the traffic route of material has been prolonged, the dwell time of material in cylinder 1 has been improved, make the material fully heat, further improved heat transfer efficiency, more be favorable to going on of schizolysis reaction, and simultaneously, because the material removes in spiral material passageway 5 at the regulation, consequently, set up charcoal stripping off device 2 at the wall of spiral material passageway 5 and can make charcoal stripping off device 2 collide with solid organic matter more concentratedly, thereby further improve the charcoal and peel off the effect.
Further, in the present embodiment, when the swinging members 21 are suspended from the spiral material passage 5, it is preferable that two adjacent swinging members 21 fixed to two side walls of the spiral material passage 5 are suspended, respectively, wherein the suspension point of one swinging member 21 is located at a position where the spiral material passage 5 is close to the inner wall of the drum 1, the suspension point of the other swinging member 21 is located at a position where the spiral material passage 5 is far from the inner wall of the drum 1, and the two adjacent swinging members 21 are arranged in a staggered manner in the circumferential direction, and there is an overlap between the two adjacent swinging members 21 during swinging. In the actual operation process, when the drum 1 rotates to a certain position, two adjacent swinging pieces 21 on two side walls of the spiral material channel 5 swing in opposite directions, so that the two swinging pieces 21 are overlapped, the overlapped swinging pieces 21 rub the solid organic matters clamped in the swinging pieces, and the rubbing action similar to that of two hands is more favorable for peeling off the carbon on the surface of the solid organic matters.
Of course, the oscillating member 21 may be disposed at any position in the screw passage 5, but the kneading effect is not as exemplified in the present embodiment.
Similarly, the protrusions 22 can be disposed at any position of the wall surface of the spiral material passage 5, such as the bottom surface or the side wall of the spiral material passage 5, and can also intensively strip the solid organic matters.
Further, in this embodiment, the revolving apparatus further includes a heating cylinder 6 hermetically sleeved on the outer periphery of the drum 1, and the drum 1 rotates relative to the fixedly arranged heating cylinder 6; an air communicating cavity is formed in the spiral body 3, the air communicating cavity is communicated with the heating barrel 6 and used for introducing heating air of the heating barrel 6 into the air communicating cavity, and the outer wall of the spiral body 3 is used for transferring heat with materials in the roller 1.
When in work, materials enter the roller 1, along with the rotation of the roller 1, in order to ensure the cracking effect, the roller 1 rotates slowly, the materials slide and move along the wall of the roller in the roller 1, in the process, the heat in the heating cylinder 6 is transferred into the roller 1 through the wall of the roller 1, the materials contact with the wall of the roller to transfer heat in the process of sliding in the roller 1, meanwhile, the heating gas of the heating cylinder 6 is introduced into the gas communicating cavity and contacts with the material to transfer heat through the body wall of the spiral body 3, and the body wall through spirochaeta 3 heats to radiation heat in the cylinder 1, compare in the current material to wherein through the section of thick bamboo wall through cylinder 1 only, this application has improved heat transfer efficiency and heat utilization rate through the spirochaeta 3 greatly increased that is provided with the gas intercommunication chamber, more is favorable to going on fast of schizolysis reaction, has saved reaction time.
In this embodiment, the gas communication chamber of the spiral body 3 and the heating cylinder 6 are maintained in gas communication through the communication hole 4 opened in the cylinder wall of the drum 1. The intercommunicating pore 4 can enable the heating gas in the heating cylinder 6 to enter the gas communicating cavity, and solid or liquid materials in the heating cylinder can be prevented from entering the gas communicating cavity through the intercommunicating pore 4 as much as possible, and the heating cylinder is fixedly arranged, so that the solid or liquid materials usually stay at the bottom of the heating cylinder and are not easy to enter the intercommunicating pore 4, and the heating gas in the heating cylinder 6 can be diffused and convected to enter the gas communicating cavity through the intercommunicating pore 4, thereby further ensuring that the heating gas can better circulate in the gas communicating cavity to transfer heat.
Of course, the shape, size and number of the communication holes 4 are not limited in this embodiment, and the communication holes 4 may be any shape, such as circular, rectangular, oval, quincunx, etc., as long as it is advantageous for the gas to pass through, and the size of the communication holes 4 depends on the heating requirement, and if the heating requirement is large, a larger communication hole 4 may be provided to ensure sufficient circulation of the heating gas, and conversely, a smaller communication hole 4 may be provided. The number of the communication holes 4 is also set according to the heating requirement, the more the number of the communication holes 4 is, the smoother the circulation of the heating gas in the gas communication cavity is, the faster the heating speed is, otherwise, the slower the heating speed is, but the solid and liquid materials in the heating cylinder are prevented from entering the gas communication cavity as much as possible.
Further, in the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 9, a plurality of communication holes 4 on the drum 1 are arranged in a spiral direction. If a communication hole 4 is provided, the heated gas with a certain pressure in the heating cylinder 6 enters the gas communication cavity through the communication hole 4, in order to make the heated gas fill the gas communication cavity, the communication hole 4 is provided at one end of the spiral body, the heated gas gradually fills the whole cavity body from one end of the gas communication cavity, the communication hole 4 is preferably provided at one end of the gas communication cavity close to the discharge end, the flow direction of the heated gas is opposite to the moving direction of the materials, so as to further improve the heat transfer efficiency. If a plurality of communication holes 4 are provided, the plurality of communication holes 4 are arranged in the spiral direction of the spiral body, and preferably, the plurality of communication holes 4 are uniformly distributed to further improve the uniformity of gas heat transfer.
Further, in the present embodiment, the spiral body 3 is an annular spiral body, and a radial distance exists between an inner ring of the annular spiral body and the axis of the drum 1. With the arrangement, the central part of the annular spiral body forms the axial hollow area which penetrates through the roller 1, and gas generated by the cracking in the roller 1 can more smoothly circulate through the hollow area.
Of course, the spiral body 3 may also have no hollow area, so that the gas generated by the cracking in the drum 1 can also be conveyed in a spiral in the spiral material channel 5, but the path of the gas conveyance is longer.
Preferably, in this embodiment, the difference between the outer diameter and the inner diameter of the annular spiral body is greater than 5cm, and the difference between the outer diameter and the inner diameter of the annular spiral body is determined according to the heating requirement and the gas delivery requirement in the drum 1. The difference value is determined by ensuring the temperature difference between the heating cylinder 6 and the roller 1, so that the materials can be fully cracked and simultaneously the quick coking is avoided.
As an optimization, in the present embodiment, the width between the two side walls of the spiral body 3 is 1cm to 100cm, and the size of the width determines the size of the gas communication cavity inside the spiral body 3, and further determines the size of the heating amount and the size of the heat dissipation area, and ensures the convection and turbulence of the hot air flow. More preferably, the width between the two side walls is about 50 cm.
In the embodiment, the pitch of the spiral body 3 is equal pitch or variable pitch, and the pitch is more than 1 cm. The form and size of the pitch are determined according to the temperature gradient and the carbonization requirements of different axial sections in the drum 1.
As shown in fig. 10, the heating cartridge 6 is optimized, and in the present embodiment, the heating cartridge 6 is a combustion cartridge for generating hot gas by burning energy. Specifically, the combustion cylinder body is provided with an observation port 62, an ignition port 63, a gas inlet/outlet 61, and a waste outlet 64. The combustion cylinder is used for combusting energy substances, such as liquid energy substances, solid energy substances and the like, the generated heating gas enters the gas communication cavity through the communication holes 4 on the cylinder wall of the roller 1, and the residual waste materials after combustion are discharged out of the combustion cylinder through the waste material outlet 64. The gas inlet/outlet 61 is used for gas discharge from the combustion cylinder and external gas intake. The ignition port 63 is used for igniting the source substance in the combustion cylinder. The observation port 62 is used to observe combustion in the combustion cylinder.
Of course, besides the combustion cylinder, the heating cylinder 6 may also be provided with an electric heating device inside the heating cylinder 6 for heating the gas inside the heating cylinder 6, and the heated gas enters the gas communication cavity. Or the heating cylinder 6 is communicated with an external hot gas source and is used for introducing hot gas into the heating cylinder 6. The gas in the heating cylinder 6 is only required to be heated and to be introduced into the gas communication cavity for heat transfer, and is not limited to the heating cylinder form listed in the embodiments of the present application.
In addition to the heating of the drum 1 by means of the heating cartridge 6, it is also possible to provide heating means, such as electric heating means, directly outside the drum 1, for a drum 1 that does not employ a gas communication chamber.
The embodiments in the present description are described in a progressive manner, each embodiment focuses on differences from other embodiments, and the same and similar parts among the embodiments are referred to each other.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (11)

1. The utility model provides a rotary equipment, includes cylinder (1), its characterized in that still including set up in charcoal stripping off device (2) in cylinder (1), along with the rotation of cylinder (1), charcoal stripping off device (2) touch with the charcoal that solid organic matter surface schizolysis generated, peel off the charcoal.
2. The rotary apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the char-stripping means (2) is an oscillating member (21) suspended in the drum (1) in an oscillating manner and/or a protrusion (22) provided on an inner wall of the drum (1), and the oscillating member (21) and the protrusion (22) are used for colliding with a surface of the solid organic matter.
3. The rotating device according to claim 2, characterized in that the oscillating piece (21) is any one or combination of a chain (211), a strip (212) and a rope.
4. The revolving device according to claim 2, characterized in that the oscillating member (21) is plural and arranged in the circumferential and axial direction of the drum (1).
5. A slewing device according to claim 3, characterized in that at least one point of the chain (211) and the rope (212) is suspended in the drum (1).
6. A slewing device according to claim 3, characterized in that at least one of the oscillating members (21) is suspended at a suspension point of the drum (1).
7. The rotary apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, further comprising one or more groups of spiral bodies (3) arranged in the drum (1), wherein the spiral bodies (3) extend spirally along the axial direction of the drum (1), the side walls of the spiral bodies (3) and the wall of the drum (1) form a spiral material channel (5), and the char removal device (2) is arranged on the wall surface of the spiral material channel (5).
8. The rotary apparatus according to claim 7, wherein when the carbon stripping device (2) is an oscillating member (21), two adjacent oscillating members (21) fixed on two side walls of the spiral material channel (5) are respectively suspended, wherein a suspension point of one oscillating member (21) is located at a position where the spiral material channel (5) is close to the inner wall of the drum (1), a suspension point of the other oscillating member (21) is located at a position where the spiral material channel (5) is far away from the inner wall of the drum (1), the two adjacent oscillating members (21) are arranged in a staggered manner in the circumferential direction, and the two adjacent oscillating members (21) are overlapped in the oscillating process.
9. The rotating device according to claim 7, characterized in that the protrusions (22) are arranged on the wall surface of the spiral material channel (5).
10. The rotating device of claim 7, further comprising a heating cylinder (6) hermetically sleeved on the outer periphery of the drum (1), wherein the drum (1) rotates relative to the fixedly arranged heating cylinder (6); an air communicating cavity is formed in the spiral body (3), the air communicating cavity is communicated with the heating barrel (6) and used for introducing heating air of the heating barrel (6) into the air communicating cavity, and the outer wall of the spiral body (3) is used for transferring heat with materials in the roller (1).
11. The rotary apparatus as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that the screw (3) is an annular screw, the inner ring of which is at a radial distance from the axis of the drum (1).
CN201910749199.0A 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 Rotary equipment Pending CN112391178A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201910749199.0A CN112391178A (en) 2019-08-14 2019-08-14 Rotary equipment
PCT/CN2020/107634 WO2021027698A1 (en) 2019-08-14 2020-08-07 Rotating device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3145979A (en) * 1962-08-09 1964-08-25 Smidth & Co As F L Rotary drums
US5944960A (en) * 1998-04-07 1999-08-31 Kabushiki Kaisha Nakata Giken Carbonizing furnace
US20070131150A1 (en) * 2003-07-18 2007-06-14 Noriyuki Yamazaki Apparatus and method of producing carbide
JP2009280782A (en) * 2008-04-22 2009-12-03 Shinten Kogyo Kk Carbonization apparatus
CN103436277B (en) * 2013-09-02 2014-07-02 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace
CN103589441B (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-11-19 潍坊金丝达环境工程股份有限公司 Improved energy-saving continuous gasification cracking furnace
CN104726112B (en) * 2013-12-20 2018-05-15 玉门市玉海能源开发有限公司 Oil-sand destructive distillation separator
JP6130573B1 (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-05-17 武夫 河原井 Biomass fuel production equipment

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