CN112376644A - Water conservancy system for clearing river silt - Google Patents

Water conservancy system for clearing river silt Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112376644A
CN112376644A CN202011226230.1A CN202011226230A CN112376644A CN 112376644 A CN112376644 A CN 112376644A CN 202011226230 A CN202011226230 A CN 202011226230A CN 112376644 A CN112376644 A CN 112376644A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating rod
sludge
collection box
holes
water conservancy
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN202011226230.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗厚镇
Original Assignee
罗厚镇
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Priority to CN202011226230.1A priority Critical patent/CN112376644A/en
Publication of CN112376644A publication Critical patent/CN112376644A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02BHYDRAULIC ENGINEERING
    • E02B15/00Cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water; Apparatus therefor
    • E02B15/04Devices for cleaning or keeping clear the surface of open water from oil or like floating materials by separating or removing these materials
    • E02B15/10Devices for removing the material from the surface
    • E02B15/104Conveyors; Paddle wheels; Endless belts
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2241Feed means of conveyor belt type
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B35/00Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for
    • B63B35/32Vessels or similar floating structures specially adapted for specific purposes and not otherwise provided for for collecting pollution from open water
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/121Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening by mechanical de-watering
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F11/00Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor
    • C02F11/12Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening
    • C02F11/14Treatment of sludge; Devices therefor by de-watering, drying or thickening with addition of chemical agents
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/88Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with arrangements acting by a sucking or forcing effect, e.g. suction dredgers
    • E02F3/8858Submerged units
    • E02F3/8866Submerged units self propelled
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F3/00Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines
    • E02F3/04Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven
    • E02F3/88Dredgers; Soil-shifting machines mechanically-driven with arrangements acting by a sucking or forcing effect, e.g. suction dredgers
    • E02F3/90Component parts, e.g. arrangement or adaptation of pumps
    • E02F3/92Digging elements, e.g. suction heads
    • E02F3/9243Passive suction heads with no mechanical cutting means
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02FDREDGING; SOIL-SHIFTING
    • E02F5/00Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes
    • E02F5/28Dredgers or soil-shifting machines for special purposes for cleaning watercourses or other ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage

Abstract

The invention belongs to the field of hydraulic engineering, and particularly relates to a hydraulic system for clearing river silt, aiming at the problems that in the existing dredging process of a river channel, sludge and water are not convenient to be separated sufficiently, and floating garbage box algae on the opposite side is not convenient to treat, so that the river channel treatment effect is not obvious. The invention can be used for conveniently and fully separating sludge and water and treating garbage box algae floating on the surface in the process of dredging the river channel, thereby improving the treatment effect of the river channel and being convenient to use.

Description

Water conservancy system for clearing river silt
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of hydraulic engineering, and particularly relates to a hydraulic system for removing river silt.
Background
River channel siltation increasingly affects the normal performance of various functions such as flood control, waterlogging drainage, irrigation, water supply, navigation and the like, and river channel dredging engineering is carried out for recovering the normal functions of the river channel and promoting the rapid and continuous development of the economy and society. The river course becomes deeper and wider through treatment, the river water becomes clear, the production conditions and the living environment of the masses are obviously improved, and the aims of 'clear water, smooth river, green bank and beautiful landscape' are achieved.
Among the prior art, carry out the in-process of desilting to the river course, be not convenient for carry out abundant separation to mud and water, and be not convenient for handle the rubbish box algae that floats on the face to lead to the river course treatment effect not obvious, for this reason we have proposed a hydraulic system for driving river course silt and be used for solving above-mentioned problem.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the defects that in the prior art, sludge and water are not convenient to be fully separated and garbage box algae floating on the opposite surface is not convenient to treat in the process of dredging a river channel, so that the treatment effect of the river channel is not obvious, and provides a water conservancy system for removing river channel sludge.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a water conservancy system for clearing river silt comprises a ship body, wherein a garbage collection box and a sludge collection box are fixedly mounted at the top of the ship body, two symmetrical stand columns are fixedly mounted at the top of the ship body, first through holes are formed in the stand columns, first rotating rods are rotatably mounted in the first through holes, a mounting groove is formed in the top of the ship body, second through holes are formed in the outer side of the ship body and communicated with the mounting groove, second rotating rods are rotatably mounted in the second through holes, conveying rollers are fixedly sleeved on the first rotating rods and the second rotating rods respectively, the two conveying rollers are sleeved with the same conveying net, a filter hopper is fixedly mounted on the right side of the ship body, a third through hole is formed in the outer side of the filter hopper, a third rotating rod is rotatably mounted in the third through hole, a rolling shaft is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the third rotating rod, a plurality of throwing and conveying teeth are fixedly mounted on the outer side of the, the same fourth rotating rod is rotatably installed in the three fourth through holes, a plurality of crushing blades are fixedly installed on the outer side of the fourth rotating rod, a feed inlet is formed in the top of the sludge collecting box, fifth through holes are formed in the right side of the sludge collecting box, a fifth rotating rod is rotatably installed in the fifth through holes, a plurality of stirring teeth are fixedly installed on the outer side of the fifth rotating rod, a fixing plate is fixedly installed on one side of the sludge collecting box, a sludge pump is fixedly installed on the top of the fixing plate, an air cylinder is fixedly installed on the top of the fixing plate, a first sliding hole is formed in the top of the ship body, a sleeve is slidably installed in the first sliding hole, one end of the sleeve is fixedly communicated with a sludge pumping cover, a sixth through hole is formed in the fixing plate, a sludge pumping pipe is fixedly installed in the sixth through hole, the outer side of the sludge pumping pipe is slidably connected with the inner wall, the fixed cover in the outside of fourth bull stick is equipped with two cams, the outside of two cams and the top sliding connection of filter, and the delivery port has been seted up to one side of sludge collection box.
Preferably, one end of the second rotating rod is fixedly provided with a first chain wheel, one end of the third rotating rod is fixedly provided with a second chain wheel, and the first chain wheel and the second chain wheel are meshed with a same first chain.
Preferably, the outer side of the fourth rotating rod is fixedly sleeved with a third chain wheel, one end of the fifth rotating rod is fixedly provided with a fourth chain wheel, and the third chain wheel and the fourth chain wheel are meshed with a same second chain.
Preferably, two symmetrical second sliding holes are formed in the filter plate and are respectively communicated with the two sliding grooves, sliding rods are arranged in the two second sliding holes in a sliding mode, two ends of each sliding rod are respectively fixedly connected with the top inner walls and the bottom inner walls of the two sliding grooves, springs are sleeved on the two sliding rods, and two ends of each spring are respectively fixedly connected with the top inner walls of the two sliding grooves and the top of the filter plate.
Preferably, the outer side of the sleeve is fixedly connected with a connecting rod, a seventh through hole is formed in the fixing plate, a telescopic rod is movably mounted in the seventh through hole, and two ends of the telescopic rod are fixedly connected with the output shaft of the cylinder and the outer side of the connecting rod respectively.
Preferably, the left side of the sludge collection box is provided with a mounting hole, a sludge conveying pipe is fixedly mounted in the mounting hole, and one end of the sludge conveying pipe is fixedly communicated with an output port of the sludge pump.
Preferably, a first motor is fixedly mounted on the outer side of the upright post, and one end of the first rotating rod is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor.
Preferably, a second motor is fixedly mounted on the right side of the garbage collection box, and one end of the fourth rotating rod is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second motor.
Preferably, the inner walls of the two sides of the mounting groove and the outer sides of the two stand columns are fixedly provided with first bearings, the inner rings of the four first bearings are fixedly connected with the outer sides of the first rotating rod and the second rotating rod respectively, the inner walls of the two sides of the filter hopper are fixedly provided with second bearings, and the inner rings of the two second bearings are fixedly connected with the outer sides of the third rotating rod.
Preferably, the inner walls of the two sides of the garbage collection box and the sludge collection box are fixedly provided with third bearings, and the inner rings of the four third bearings are fixedly connected with the outer sides of the fourth rotating rod and the fifth rotating rod respectively.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. this scheme can be through opening first motor, and then first motor drives first bull stick and rotates, and two driving rollers drive the conveying net and rotate, and first sprocket drives the second sprocket through first chain and rotates, and the roller bearing drives a plurality of throws and send the tooth rotation to a plurality of throws and send the tooth and can throw the floated rubbish of surface of water and algae and send to the conveying net on, the conveying net is with its conveying to the garbage collection box in.
2. This scheme can be through opening cylinder and mud pump, and then the cylinder drives the vertical downstream of telescopic link, and the telescopic link drives connecting rod and the vertical downstream of sleeve pipe, and the sleeve pipe drives takes out the vertical downstream of mud cover, when taking out the vertical removal of mud cover to mud in, mud pump can be with mud through taking out mud pipe and defeated mud pipe carry to the mud collecting box in.
3. This scheme can be through opening the second motor, and then the fourth bull stick rotates and to drive a plurality of crushing blades rotatory, and the third sprocket drives the fourth sprocket and rotates, and the fifth bull stick drives a plurality of stirring teeth rotatoryly to a plurality of crushing blades can be smashed rubbish and algae, and a plurality of stirring teeth can make mud and flocculating agent intensive mixing.
The invention can be used for conveniently and fully separating sludge and water and treating garbage box algae floating on the surface in the process of dredging the river channel, thereby improving the treatment effect of the river channel, and having simple structure and convenient use.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a water conservancy system for removing river sludge according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of a water conservancy system for removing river sludge according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged schematic structural view of part A of FIG. 1 of a water conservancy system for removing river sludge according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a first chain wheel, a second chain wheel and a first chain of a hydraulic system for removing river sludge according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a third chain wheel, a fourth chain wheel and a second chain of a water conservancy system for removing river channel sludge provided by the invention.
In the figure: 1 hull, 2 garbage collection boxes, 3 sludge collection boxes, 4 columns, 5 first motors, 6 first rotating rods, 7 mounting grooves, 8 second rotating rods, 9 conveying rollers, 10 conveying nets, 11 filter hoppers, 12 third rotating rods, 13 rolling shafts, 14 throwing teeth, 15 first chain wheels, 16 first chains, 17 second chain wheels, 18 second motors, 19 fourth rotating rods, 20 crushing blades, 21 cams, 22 fifth rotating rods, 23 stirring teeth, 24 third chain wheels, 25 second chains, 26 fourth chain wheels, 27 fixing plates, 28 sludge pumps, 29 sludge conveying pipes, 30 cylinders, 31 sludge pumping pipes, 32 sleeves, 33 connecting rods, 34 sludge pumping covers, 35 sliding grooves, 36 filter plates, 37 sliding rods, 38 springs, 39 telescopic rods and 40 feed inlets.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.
Example one
Referring to fig. 1-5, a water conservancy system for clearing river silt comprises a hull 1, a garbage collection box 2 and a sludge collection box 3 are fixedly installed at the top of the hull 1, two symmetrical upright posts 4 are fixedly installed at the top of the hull 1, first through holes are formed in the upright posts 4, a first rotating rod 6 is rotatably installed in each first through hole, an installation groove 7 is formed in the top of the hull 1, second through holes are formed in the outer side of the hull 1 and communicated with the installation groove 7, a second rotating rod 8 is rotatably installed in each second through hole, conveying rollers 9 are fixedly sleeved on the first rotating rod 6 and the second rotating rod 8, the same conveying net 10 is sleeved on the two conveying rollers 9, a filter hopper 11 is fixedly installed at the right side of the hull 1, a third through hole is formed in the outer side of the filter hopper 11, a third rotating rod 12 is rotatably installed in each third through hole, a roller 13 is fixedly sleeved on the, a plurality of throwing teeth 14 are fixedly arranged on the outer side of the roller 13, fourth through holes are respectively formed in the two sides of the garbage collection box 2 and the right side of the sludge collection box 3, the same fourth rotating rod 19 is rotatably arranged in the three fourth through holes, a plurality of crushing blades 20 are fixedly arranged on the outer side of the fourth rotating rod 19, a feed inlet 40 is formed in the top of the sludge collection box 3, fifth through holes are respectively formed in the right side of the sludge collection box 3, a fifth rotating rod 22 is rotatably arranged in the fifth through holes, a plurality of stirring teeth 23 are fixedly arranged on the outer side of the fifth rotating rod 22, a fixed plate 27 is fixedly arranged on one side of the sludge collection box 3, a sludge pump 28 is fixedly arranged on the top of the fixed plate 27, an air cylinder 30 is fixedly arranged on the top of the fixed plate 27, a first sliding hole is formed in the top of the ship body 1, a sleeve 32 is slidably arranged in the first sliding hole, one end, fixed mounting has the mud pipe 31 of taking out in the sixth through-hole, takes out the outside of mud pipe 31 and the inner wall sliding connection of sleeve pipe 32, and spout 35 has all been seted up to the both sides inner wall of sludge collection box 3, and slidable mounting has same filter 36 in two spouts 35, and the fixed cover in the outside of fourth bull stick 19 is equipped with two cams 21, the outside of two cams 21 and the top sliding connection of filter 36, and the delivery port has been seted up to one side of sludge collection box 3.
In this embodiment, a first chain wheel 15 is fixedly installed at one end of the second rotating rod 8, a second chain wheel 17 is fixedly installed at one end of the third rotating rod 12, and the same first chain 16 is engaged with the first chain wheel 15 and the second chain wheel 17.
In this embodiment, a third sprocket 24 is fixedly sleeved outside the fourth rotating rod 19, a fourth sprocket 26 is fixedly installed at one end of the fifth rotating rod 22, and the same second chain 25 is engaged with the third sprocket 24 and the fourth sprocket 26.
In this embodiment, two symmetrical second sliding holes are formed in the filter plate 36, the two second sliding holes are respectively communicated with the two sliding grooves 35, sliding rods 37 are slidably mounted in the two second sliding holes, two ends of each sliding rod 37 are respectively fixedly connected with the top inner walls and the bottom inner walls of the two sliding grooves 35, springs 38 are respectively sleeved on the two sliding rods 37, and two ends of each spring 38 are respectively fixedly connected with the top inner walls of the two sliding grooves 35 and the top of the filter plate 36.
In this embodiment, the outer side of the sleeve 32 is fixedly connected with the connecting rod 33, the fixing plate 27 is provided with a seventh through hole, the seventh through hole is movably provided with a telescopic rod 39, and two ends of the telescopic rod 39 are respectively fixedly connected with the output shaft of the cylinder 30 and the outer side of the connecting rod 33.
In this embodiment, the left side of the sludge collection box 3 is provided with a mounting hole, a sludge conveying pipe 29 is fixedly mounted in the mounting hole, and one end of the sludge conveying pipe 29 is fixedly communicated with an output port of the sludge pump 28.
In this embodiment, a first motor 5 is fixedly installed on the outer side of the upright column 4, and one end of the first rotating rod 6 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor 5.
In this embodiment, the second motor 18 is fixedly installed on the right side of the garbage collection box 2, and one end of the fourth rotating rod 19 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of the second motor 18.
In this embodiment, the inner walls of the two sides of the mounting groove 7 and the outer sides of the two columns 4 are both fixedly provided with first bearings, the inner rings of the four first bearings are respectively fixedly connected with the outer sides of the first rotating rod 6 and the second rotating rod 8, the inner walls of the two sides of the filter hopper 11 are both fixedly provided with second bearings, and the inner rings of the two second bearings are fixedly connected with the outer sides of the third rotating rod 12.
In this embodiment, the inner walls of the two sides of the garbage collection box 2 and the sludge collection box 3 are both fixedly provided with third bearings, and the inner rings of the four third bearings are respectively and fixedly connected with the outer sides of the fourth rotating rod 19 and the fifth rotating rod 22.
Example two
Referring to fig. 1-5, a water conservancy system for clearing river silt comprises a hull 1, a garbage collection box 2 and a sludge collection box 3 are fixedly installed at the top of the hull 1 through welding, two symmetrical upright posts 4 are fixedly installed at the top of the hull 1 through welding, first through holes are formed in the upright posts 4, first rotating rods 6 are rotatably installed in the first through holes, an installation groove 7 is formed in the top of the hull 1, second through holes are formed in the outer side of the hull 1 and communicated with the installation groove 7, second rotating rods 8 are rotatably installed in the second through holes, conveying rollers 9 are respectively arranged on the first rotating rods 6 and the second rotating rods 8 through welding and fixing sleeves, the same conveying net 10 is sleeved on the two conveying rollers 9, a filter hopper 11 is fixedly installed at the right side of the hull 1 through welding, third through holes are formed in the outer side of the filter hopper 11, and third rotating rods 12 are rotatably installed in the, the outer side of the third rotating rod 12 is fixedly sleeved with a roller 13 through welding, a plurality of throwing teeth 14 are fixedly installed on the outer side of the roller 13, fourth through holes are formed in both sides of the garbage collection box 2 and the right side of the sludge collection box 3, the same fourth rotating rod 19 is rotatably installed in the third through hole, a plurality of crushing blades 20 are fixedly installed on the outer side of the fourth rotating rod 19 through welding, a feed inlet 40 is formed in the top of the sludge collection box 3, fifth through holes are formed in the right side of the sludge collection box 3, a fifth rotating rod 22 is rotatably installed in the fifth through hole, a plurality of stirring teeth 23 are fixedly installed on the outer side of the fifth rotating rod 22 through welding, a welding fixing plate 27 is fixedly installed on one side of the sludge collection box 3, a sludge pump 28 is fixedly installed on the top of the fixing plate 27 through welding, an air cylinder 30 is fixedly installed on the top of the fixing plate 27 through welding, sliding mounting has sleeve pipe 32 in the first slide opening, there is the mud cover 34 of taking out sleeve pipe 32's one end through the welded fastening intercommunication, the sixth through-hole has been seted up on the fixed plate 27, there is mud pipe 31 of taking out through welded fastening in the sixth through-hole, take out mud pipe 31's the outside and sleeve pipe 32's inner wall sliding connection, spout 35 has all been seted up to the both sides inner wall of sludge collection box 3, sliding mounting has same filter 36 in two spouts 35, the outside of fourth bull stick 19 is equipped with two cams 21 through the welded fastening cover, the outside of two cams 21 and the top sliding connection of filter 36, the delivery port has been seted up to one side of sludge collection box.
In this embodiment, one end of the second rotating rod 8 is fixedly welded with a first chain wheel 15, one end of the third rotating rod 12 is fixedly welded with a second chain wheel 17, the first chain wheel 15 and the second chain wheel 17 are engaged with a same first chain 16, and when the second rotating rod 8 rotates, the first chain wheel 15 can drive the second chain wheel 17 to rotate through the first chain 16.
In this embodiment, the outer side of the fourth rotating rod 19 is fixedly sleeved with a third sprocket 24 by welding, one end of the fifth rotating rod 22 is fixedly provided with a fourth sprocket 26 by welding, the third sprocket 24 and the fourth sprocket 26 are engaged with a same second chain 25, and when the fourth rotating rod 19 rotates, the third sprocket 24 can drive the fourth sprocket 26 to rotate by the second chain 25.
In this embodiment, two symmetrical second sliding holes are formed in the filter plate 36, the two second sliding holes are respectively communicated with the two sliding grooves 35, sliding rods 37 are respectively slidably mounted in the two second sliding holes, two ends of the two sliding rods 37 are respectively connected with the top inner walls and the bottom inner walls of the two sliding grooves 35 through welding, springs 38 are respectively sleeved on the two sliding rods 37, two ends of the two springs 38 are respectively connected with the top inner walls of the two sliding grooves 35 and the top of the filter plate 36 through welding, and when the filter plate 36 vertically moves, the two sliding rods 37 can play a role in stabilizing the movement of the filter plate 36.
In this embodiment, the outside of sleeve pipe 32 is connected with connecting rod 33 through welded fastening, has seted up the seventh through-hole on the fixed plate 27, and movable mounting has telescopic link 39 in the seventh through-hole, and welded fastening is passed through respectively with the output shaft of cylinder 30 and the outside of connecting rod 33 at the both ends of telescopic link 39, and when opening cylinder 30, telescopic link 39 can drive connecting rod 33 vertical migration.
In this embodiment, the mounting hole has been seted up on the left side of sludge collection box 3, and defeated mud pipe 29 of fixed mounting in the mounting hole, and the one end of defeated mud pipe 29 and the delivery outlet of taking out mud pump 28 are through welded fastening intercommunication, and when opening and taking out mud pump 28, it can be carried mud to the sludge collection box 3 in through defeated mud pipe 29 with mud pump 28.
In this embodiment, the outside of stand 4 is through welded fastening install first motor 5, and the one end of first bull stick 6 passes through welded fastening with the output shaft of first motor 5 to be connected, and when opening first motor 5, first motor 5 can drive first bull stick 6 and rotate.
In this embodiment, the right side of the garbage collection box 2 is fixedly provided with a second motor 18 by welding, one end of the fourth rotating rod 19 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second motor 18 by welding, and when the second motor 18 is started, the second motor 18 can drive the fourth rotating rod 19 to rotate.
In this embodiment, the both sides inner wall of mounting groove 7 and the outside of two stands 4 all have first bearing through welded fastening, the inner circle of four first bearings passes through welded fastening with the outside of first bull stick 6 and second bull stick 8 respectively and is connected, the both sides inner wall of filter hopper 11 all has the second bearing through welded fastening, the inner circle of two second bearings passes through welded fastening with the outside of third bull stick 12 and is connected, when first bull stick 6, when second bull stick 8 and third bull stick 12 rotate, four first bearings can play first bull stick 6 of firm and second bull stick 8 pivoted effect respectively, two second bearings can play firm third bull stick 12 pivoted effect respectively.
In this embodiment, the inner walls of the two sides of the garbage collection box 2 and the sludge collection box 3 are respectively provided with a third bearing by welding, the inner rings of the four third bearings are respectively connected with the outer sides of the fourth rotating rod 19 and the fifth rotating rod 22 by welding, and when the fourth rotating rod 19 and the fifth rotating rod 22 rotate, the four third bearings can respectively play a role in stabilizing the rotation of the fourth rotating rod 19 and the fifth rotating rod 22.
In the invention, when in use, the air cylinder 30 is started, the air cylinder 30 drives the telescopic rod 39 to vertically move downwards, the telescopic rod 39 drives the connecting rod 33 to vertically move downwards, the connecting rod 33 drives the sleeve 32 and the mud pumping cover 34 to vertically move downwards, when the mud pumping cover 34 vertically moves into sludge, the mud pumping pump 28 is started, the mud pumping pump 28 can pump the sludge into the sludge collection box 3 through the sleeve 32 and the mud pumping pipe 31, then the first motor 5 and the second motor 18 are started, the first motor 5 drives the first rotating rod 6 to rotate, the first rotating rod 6 drives the conveying rollers 9 to rotate, then the two conveying rollers 9 can drive the conveying net 10 to rotate, meanwhile, the conveying rollers 9 drive the second rotating rod 8 to rotate, the second rotating rod 8 drives the first chain wheel 15 to rotate through the first chain 16, the second chain wheel 15 drives the second chain wheel 17 to rotate, the second chain wheel 17 drives the third rotating rod 12 to rotate, the third rotating rod 12 drives the roller 13 to rotate, the roller 13 drives the plurality of throwing teeth 14 to rotate, so that the plurality of throwing teeth 14 can throw and send garbage and algae in water onto the conveying net 10, the conveying net 10 can convey the garbage and the algae into the garbage collection box 2, meanwhile, the second motor 18 drives the fourth rotating rod 19 to rotate, the fourth rotating rod 19 drives the plurality of crushing blades 20 to rotate, so that the plurality of crushing blades 20 can crush the garbage and the algae, simultaneously, the fourth rotating rod 19 drives the third chain wheel 24 to rotate, the third chain wheel 24 drives the fourth chain wheel 25 to rotate through the second chain 25, the fourth chain wheel 25 drives the fifth rotating rod 22 to rotate, the fifth rotating rod 22 drives the plurality of stirring teeth 23 to rotate, so that the plurality of stirring teeth 23 can fully mix the sludge and the flocculating agent, simultaneously, the fourth rotating rod 19 drives the two cams 21 to rotate, the two cams 21 drive the filter plate 36 to vertically move, when the two cams 21 rotate to a certain position, the two springs 38 can drive the filter plate 36 to reset through the deformation force, so that the filter plate 36 can filter sewage, and the separated sewage is discharged from the water outlet.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and the technical solutions and the inventive concepts thereof according to the present invention should be equivalent or changed within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A water conservancy system for clearing river silt comprises a ship body (1) and is characterized in that a garbage collection box (2) and a sludge collection box (3) are fixedly installed at the top of the ship body (1), two symmetrical upright columns (4) are fixedly installed at the top of the ship body (1), first through holes are formed in the upright columns (4), first rotating rods (6) are rotatably installed in the first through holes, mounting grooves (7) are formed in the top of the ship body (1), second through holes are formed in the outer side of the ship body (1), the second through holes are communicated with the mounting grooves (7), second rotating rods (8) are rotatably installed in the second through holes, conveying rollers (9) are fixedly sleeved on the first rotating rods (6) and the second rotating rods (8), the same conveying net (10) is sleeved on the two conveying rollers (9), and a filter hopper (11) is fixedly installed on the right side of the ship body (1), a third through hole is formed in the outer side of the filter hopper (11), a third rotating rod (12) is rotatably installed in the third through hole, a roller (13) is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the third rotating rod (12), a plurality of throwing teeth (14) are fixedly installed on the outer side of the roller (13), fourth through holes are formed in the two sides of the garbage collection box (2) and the right side of the sludge collection box (3), the same fourth rotating rod (19) is rotatably installed in the three fourth through holes, a plurality of crushing blades (20) are fixedly installed on the outer side of the fourth rotating rod (19), a feed inlet (40) is formed in the top of the sludge collection box (3), fifth through holes are formed in the right side of the sludge collection box (3), a fifth rotating rod (22) is rotatably installed in the fifth through holes, a plurality of stirring teeth (23) are fixedly installed on the outer side of the fifth rotating rod (22), a fixing plate (27) is fixedly installed on, the top fixed mounting of fixed plate (27) has mud pump (28), the top fixed mounting of fixed plate (27) has cylinder (30), first slide opening has been seted up at the top of hull (1), slidable mounting has sleeve pipe (32) in the first slide opening, the fixed intercommunication of one end of sleeve pipe (32) has mud pumping cover (34), the sixth through-hole has been seted up on fixed plate (27), fixed mounting has mud pumping pipe (31) in the sixth through-hole, the outside of mud pumping pipe (31) and the inner wall sliding connection of sleeve pipe (32), spout (35) have all been seted up to the both sides inner wall of sludge collection box (3), slidable mounting has same filter (36) in two spouts (35), the outside fixed cover of fourth bull stick (19) is equipped with two cams (21), the outside of two cams (21) and the top sliding connection of filter (36), the delivery port has been seted up to one side of sludge collection box (3).
2. A water conservancy system for removing river sludge according to claim 1, wherein one end of the second rotary rod (8) is fixedly provided with a first chain wheel (15), one end of the third rotary rod (12) is fixedly provided with a second chain wheel (17), and the first chain wheel (15) and the second chain wheel (17) are meshed with a same first chain (16).
3. The water conservancy system for removing river channel sludge according to claim 1, wherein a third chain wheel (24) is fixedly sleeved on the outer side of the fourth rotating rod (19), a fourth chain wheel (26) is fixedly installed at one end of the fifth rotating rod (22), and the same second chain (25) is meshed on the third chain wheel (24) and the fourth chain wheel (26).
4. The water conservancy system for removing river channel sludge according to claim 1, wherein two second sliding holes are symmetrically formed in the filter plate (36), the two second sliding holes are respectively communicated with the two sliding grooves (35), sliding rods (37) are slidably mounted in the two second sliding holes, two ends of each sliding rod (37) are respectively and fixedly connected with the top inner wall and the bottom inner wall of the two sliding grooves (35), springs (38) are sleeved on the two sliding rods (37), and two ends of each spring (38) are respectively and fixedly connected with the top inner walls of the two sliding grooves (35) and the top of the filter plate (36).
5. The water conservancy system for removing the river channel sludge according to claim 1, wherein a connecting rod (33) is fixedly connected to the outer side of the sleeve (32), a seventh through hole is formed in the fixing plate (27), an expansion link (39) is movably installed in the seventh through hole, and two ends of the expansion link (39) are fixedly connected with the output shaft of the air cylinder (30) and the outer side of the connecting rod (33) respectively.
6. The water conservancy system for clearing river sludge according to claim 1, wherein a mounting hole is formed in the left side of the sludge collection box (3), a sludge conveying pipe (29) is fixedly mounted in the mounting hole, and one end of the sludge conveying pipe (29) is fixedly communicated with an output port of a sludge pump (28).
7. A water conservancy system for removing river silt according to claim 1, characterized in that, the outside of stand (4) is fixedly installed with first motor (5), and one end of first bull stick (6) is fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor (5).
8. A water conservancy system for removing river channel sludge according to claim 1, wherein a second motor (18) is fixedly installed at the right side of the garbage collection box (2), and one end of a fourth rotating rod (19) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the second motor (18).
9. The water conservancy system for clearing river channel sludge according to claim 1, wherein first bearings are fixedly mounted on inner walls of two sides of the mounting groove (7) and outer sides of the two upright posts (4), inner rings of the four first bearings are fixedly connected with outer sides of the first rotating rod (6) and the second rotating rod (8) respectively, second bearings are fixedly mounted on inner walls of two sides of the filter hopper (11), and inner rings of the two second bearings are fixedly connected with outer sides of the third rotating rod (12).
10. The water conservancy system for removing the sludge in the river channel according to claim 1, wherein the inner walls of the two sides of the garbage collection box (2) and the sludge collection box (3) are fixedly provided with third bearings, and inner rings of the four third bearings are fixedly connected with the outer sides of the fourth rotating rod (19) and the fifth rotating rod (22) respectively.
CN202011226230.1A 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Water conservancy system for clearing river silt Withdrawn CN112376644A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011226230.1A CN112376644A (en) 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Water conservancy system for clearing river silt

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011226230.1A CN112376644A (en) 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Water conservancy system for clearing river silt

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112376644A true CN112376644A (en) 2021-02-19

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011226230.1A Withdrawn CN112376644A (en) 2020-11-05 2020-11-05 Water conservancy system for clearing river silt

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112376644A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113605337A (en) * 2021-08-10 2021-11-05 福运新中涛科技股份有限公司 Natural environment ecological management and restoration facility equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113605337A (en) * 2021-08-10 2021-11-05 福运新中涛科技股份有限公司 Natural environment ecological management and restoration facility equipment

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