CN112360585A - System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat - Google Patents

System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN112360585A
CN112360585A CN202011367721.8A CN202011367721A CN112360585A CN 112360585 A CN112360585 A CN 112360585A CN 202011367721 A CN202011367721 A CN 202011367721A CN 112360585 A CN112360585 A CN 112360585A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
circulating water
water
air
assembly
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011367721.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨允
向艳蕾
闫文瑞
殷卫峰
于钊
李进
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Coal Industry Tianjin Clean Energy Research Institute Co ltd
Original Assignee
China Coal Industry Tianjin Clean Energy Research Institute Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Coal Industry Tianjin Clean Energy Research Institute Co ltd filed Critical China Coal Industry Tianjin Clean Energy Research Institute Co ltd
Priority to CN202011367721.8A priority Critical patent/CN112360585A/en
Publication of CN112360585A publication Critical patent/CN112360585A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01KSTEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES
    • F01K27/00Plants for converting heat or fluid energy into mechanical energy, not otherwise provided for
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH OR ROCK DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F17/00Methods or devices for use in mines or tunnels, not covered elsewhere
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01KSTEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES
    • F01K11/00Plants characterised by the engines being structurally combined with boilers or condensers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F01MACHINES OR ENGINES IN GENERAL; ENGINE PLANTS IN GENERAL; STEAM ENGINES
    • F01KSTEAM ENGINE PLANTS; STEAM ACCUMULATORS; ENGINE PLANTS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; ENGINES USING SPECIAL WORKING FLUIDS OR CYCLES
    • F01K13/00General layout or general methods of operation of complete plants
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F03MACHINES OR ENGINES FOR LIQUIDS; WIND, SPRING, OR WEIGHT MOTORS; PRODUCING MECHANICAL POWER OR A REACTIVE PROPULSIVE THRUST, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03GSPRING, WEIGHT, INERTIA OR LIKE MOTORS; MECHANICAL-POWER PRODUCING DEVICES OR MECHANISMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR OR USING ENERGY SOURCES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F03G6/00Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy
    • F03G6/06Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with solar energy concentrating means
    • F03G6/065Devices for producing mechanical power from solar energy with solar energy concentrating means having a Rankine cycle
    • F03G6/067Binary cycle plants where the fluid from the solar collector heats the working fluid via a heat exchanger
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/46Conversion of thermal power into mechanical power, e.g. Rankine, Stirling or solar thermal engines

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Geochemistry & Mineralogy (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Heat-Pump Type And Storage Water Heaters (AREA)

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of coal mine multi-heat source heat energy utilization, and discloses a system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat, which comprises a heat recovery assembly, an air-air heat exchanger, an air-circulating water heat exchange assembly, a cooling water assembly, an air heat source assembly, a natural gas boiler assembly, a water source heat pump, a steam-water heat exchanger, a bathing heat exchanger, a wellhead fresh air unit and a dry fresh air assembly, wherein the natural gas boiler assembly comprises a hot water type natural gas boiler and a steam type natural gas boiler, and the dry fresh air assembly comprises a cold air unit and a first electric heating unit which are sequentially communicated. The system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat selects the waste heat utilization mode according to the specific conditions in coal mine operation, can fully utilize rich waste heat resources such as energy supply equipment, ventilation air methane, cooling water and the like, has higher equipment safety, can realize the gradient utilization of energy, obviously improves the comprehensive utilization rate of the energy, achieves the purposes of energy conservation and emission reduction, and simultaneously ensures the stability of the energy utilization of a mining area.

Description

System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of coal mine multi-heat source heat energy utilization, in particular to a system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat.
Background
The mining area has the requirements of electric energy, bathing hot water, hanging basket drying and the like throughout the year, and also has the requirements of well descending temperature and building cooling in summer and the requirements of shaft freezing prevention and building heating in winter.
The heat for bathing hot water, hanging basket drying, shaft antifreezing in winter and building heating is mostly satisfied by adopting a coal-fired boiler, a gas-fired boiler or an electric boiler, and the coal-fired boiler has the problems of low heat efficiency, smoke pollution to the environment, resource waste and the like. The gas-fired boiler has the problems of high emission of nitrogen oxides, high operation cost, unstable natural gas supply and the like. The electric boiler has a problem of high operation cost, and its application is limited by the capacity of the coal mine.
Most of the cold for underground coal mine and cold supply for buildings is supplied by a cold water component or a gas boiler and a steam type lithium bromide cold water component. However, the former has a problem of low equipment utilization rate, and the latter has problems of high running cost, low refrigeration coefficient, low refrigeration capacity attenuation and the like besides low equipment utilization rate.
Therefore, the coal mine energy consumption requirement is huge, various energy supply devices are needed for energy supply, but the energy utilization rate of the energy supply devices is low, the waste heat resources are rich, and the problems of insufficient waste heat utilization, resource waste and the like generally exist at present.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat, which can fully utilize the coal mine waste heat.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat comprises:
the heat recovery assembly heats initial circulating water into first high-temperature circulating water by utilizing waste heat of the air compressor;
the wind-wind heat exchanger heats fresh wind into low-temperature pit shaft anti-freezing wind by utilizing the heat of the ventilation air;
the wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly utilizes the heat of the ventilation air methane to heat circulating water in the wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly to form first low-temperature circulating water;
a cooling water assembly for heating the initial circulating water into second low-temperature circulating water by using heat of cooling water, wherein the cooling water comprises mine water burst, and/or equipment cooling water, and/or bathing wastewater;
the circulating water in the air heat source component exchanges heat with air to form third low-temperature circulating water or second high-temperature circulating water or first chilled water;
the natural gas boiler component comprises a hot water type natural gas boiler and a steam type natural gas boiler which are arranged in parallel, the hot water type natural gas boiler utilizes natural gas to heat the initial circulating water to be third high-temperature circulating water, and the steam type natural gas boiler utilizes the natural gas to heat condensed water to be steam;
the circulating water in the water source heat pump forms fourth high-temperature circulating water by utilizing the heat of the first low-temperature circulating water and/or the second low-temperature circulating water and/or the third low-temperature circulating water, or the circulating water in the water source heat pump forms second chilled water after the heat of the circulating water in the water source heat pump is released to the ventilation air methane by the air-circulating water heat exchange assembly;
a steam-water heat exchanger for heating the initial circulating water to fifth high-temperature circulating water by using the heat of the steam;
the bath heat exchanger utilizes the heat of the first high-temperature circulating water, the second high-temperature circulating water, the third high-temperature circulating water, the fourth high-temperature circulating water and the fifth high-temperature circulating water to heat tap water into bath water;
the wellhead fresh air unit cools the fresh air into downhole warm air by utilizing first chilled water and/or second chilled water;
dry new trend subassembly, dry new trend subassembly is including the cold wind unit and the first electrical heating unit that communicate in proper order, the cold wind unit utilizes first refrigerated water and/or second refrigerated water right the new trend cools down the dehumidification, first electrical heating unit is used for heating after cooling the dehumidification the new trend.
Preferably, the air-circulating water heat exchange assembly comprises a spraying-purifying assembly and a heat pipe heat exchanger which are arranged in parallel, the spraying-purifying assembly comprises a spraying tower and a purifying piece which are sequentially communicated, circulating water in the spraying tower and circulating water in the heat pipe heat exchanger absorb heat of the ventilation air, and circulating water in the water source heat pump releases heat to the ventilation air through the spraying tower.
Preferably, the fresh air system further comprises a low-temperature fresh air unit, and the fresh air is heated by using the heat of the first low-temperature circulating water and/or the second low-temperature circulating water to form the low-temperature pitshaft anti-freezing air.
Preferably, the fresh air heating system further comprises a high-temperature fresh air unit, and the high-temperature fresh air unit heats the fresh air by using heat of the first high-temperature circulating water, the second high-temperature circulating water, the third high-temperature circulating water, the fourth high-temperature circulating water and the fifth high-temperature circulating water.
Preferably, the fresh air treatment system further comprises a second electric heating unit, and the second electric heating unit is used for heating the fresh air.
Preferably, the gas heating system further comprises a gas power generation assembly, wherein the gas power generation assembly generates power by using gas, and the gas power generation assembly is electrically connected with the water source heat pump, the air heat source assembly, the first electric heating unit and the second electric heating unit respectively.
Preferably, a cooling water outlet of the gas power generation assembly is communicated with a gas heat exchanger, the gas heat exchanger heats the initial circulating water by using heat of the cooling water of the gas power generation assembly to form sixth high-temperature circulating water, a flue gas outlet of the gas power generation assembly is communicated with a flue gas boiler, the flue gas boiler heats the initial circulating water by using heat of flue gas to form seventh high-temperature circulating water, the bathing heat exchanger heats the tap water by using heat of the sixth high-temperature circulating water and the seventh high-temperature circulating water to form bathing water, and the high-temperature fresh air unit heats the fresh air by using heat of the sixth high-temperature circulating water and the seventh high-temperature circulating water.
Preferably, the solar energy fresh air heating system further comprises a solar energy assembly, the solar energy assembly comprises a solar energy heat collecting unit and a photovoltaic generator unit, the solar energy heat collecting unit heats the initial circulating water by using solar energy to form eighth high-temperature circulating water, the photovoltaic generator unit generates electricity by using solar energy, the photovoltaic generator unit is respectively and electrically connected with the water source heat pump, the air heat source assembly, the first electric heating unit and the second electric heating unit, the bathing heat exchanger heats tap water by using heat of the eighth high-temperature circulating water to form bathing water, and the high-temperature fresh air unit heats fresh air by using heat of the eighth high-temperature circulating water.
Preferably, the energy storage system further comprises an energy storage assembly, wherein the energy storage assembly comprises an energy storage flow converter and an energy storage battery, the energy storage battery is electrically connected with the energy storage flow converter, and the energy storage flow converter is electrically connected with the water source heat pump, the air heat source assembly, the first electric heating unit, the second electric heating unit, the gas power generation assembly and the photovoltaic generator set respectively.
Preferably, the energy storage device further comprises a power supply, and the power supply is electrically connected with the water source heat pump, the air heat source assembly, the first electric heating unit, the second electric heating unit and the energy storage flow changer (171).
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat selects the waste heat utilization mode according to the specific conditions in coal mine operation, can fully utilize rich waste heat resources such as energy supply equipment, ventilation air methane, cooling water and the like, has higher equipment safety, can realize the gradient utilization of energy, obviously improves the comprehensive utilization rate of the energy, achieves the purposes of energy conservation and emission reduction, and simultaneously ensures the stability of the energy utilization of a mining area.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of a system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat.
In the figure: 1. a heat recovery assembly; 2. a wind-wind heat exchanger; 3. a wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly; 31. a spray-purge assembly; 311. a spray tower; 312. a purifying member; 32. a heat pipe heat exchanger; 4. a cooling water assembly; 5. an air heat source assembly; 6. a natural gas boiler component; 61. a hot water type natural gas boiler; 62. a steam type natural gas boiler; 7. a steam-water heat exchanger; 8. a water source heat pump; 9. a gas power generation assembly; 91. a gas heat exchanger; 92. a flue gas boiler; 10. a solar module; 101. a solar heat collection unit; 102. a photovoltaic generator set; 11. a low-temperature fresh air handling unit; 12. a bathing heat exchanger; 13. a high-temperature fresh air handling unit; 14. a wellhead fresh air unit; 15. drying the fresh air component; 151. a cold air unit; 152. a first electric heating unit; 16. a second electric heating unit; 17. an energy storage assembly; 171. a stored energy streamer; 172. an energy storage battery; 18. a power source.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not limiting of the invention. It should be further noted that, for the convenience of description, only some of the structures related to the present invention are shown in the drawings, not all of the structures.
In the description of the present invention, unless expressly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "connected," "connected," and "fixed" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning permanently connected, removably connected, or integral to one another; can be mechanically or electrically connected; either directly or indirectly through intervening media, either internally or in any other relationship. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly stated or limited, "above" or "below" a first feature means that the first and second features are in direct contact, or that the first and second features are not in direct contact but are in contact with each other via another feature therebetween. Also, the first feature being "on," "above" and "over" the second feature includes the first feature being directly on and obliquely above the second feature, or merely indicating that the first feature is at a higher level than the second feature. A first feature being "under," "below," and "beneath" a second feature includes the first feature being directly under and obliquely below the second feature, or simply meaning that the first feature is at a lesser elevation than the second feature.
In the description of the present embodiment, the terms "upper", "lower", "right", etc. are used in an orientation or positional relationship based on that shown in the drawings only for convenience of description and simplicity of operation, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first" and "second" are used only for descriptive purposes and are not intended to have a special meaning.
The system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat is used for coal mine operation, can fully utilize various waste heat resources, and has the advantages of higher comprehensive energy utilization rate and reduced operation cost. The system for comprehensively utilizing the waste heat of the coal mine is described by specific embodiments.
As shown in fig. 1, a broken line indicates a high-temperature circulation water path, a chain line indicates electrical connection, and a two-dot chain line indicates a freezing water path. The system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat provided by the embodiment comprises a heat recovery assembly 1, an air-air heat exchanger 2, an air-circulating water heat exchange assembly 3, a cooling water assembly 4, an air heat source assembly 5 and a natural gas boiler assembly 6. The heat recovery assembly 1 heats initial circulating water into first high-temperature circulating water by using waste heat of an air compressor; the wind-wind heat exchanger 2 heats fresh wind into low-temperature shaft anti-freezing wind by utilizing the heat of the ventilation wind; the air-circulating water heat exchange assembly 3 utilizes the heat of ventilation air to heat circulating water in the air-circulating water heat exchange assembly 3 to serve as first low-temperature circulating water; the cooling water component 4 heats the initial circulating water into second low-temperature circulating water by using the heat of the cooling water, wherein the cooling water comprises mine water burst and/or equipment cooling water and/or bath wastewater; circulating water in the air heat source component 5 exchanges heat with air to form third low-temperature circulating water or second high-temperature circulating water or first chilled water; the natural gas boiler assembly 6 comprises a hot water type natural gas boiler 61 and a steam type natural gas boiler 62 which are arranged in parallel, the hot water type natural gas boiler 61 utilizes natural gas to heat initial circulating water to be third high-temperature circulating water, and the steam type natural gas boiler 62 utilizes natural gas to heat condensed water to be steam.
In this embodiment, as shown in fig. 1, the wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly 3 includes a spraying-purifying assembly 31 and a heat pipe heat exchanger 32 which are arranged in parallel, the spraying-purifying assembly 31 includes a spraying tower 311 and a purifying member 312 which are sequentially communicated, the circulating water in the spraying tower 311 and the circulating water in the heat pipe heat exchanger 32 absorb heat of ventilation air to form first low-temperature circulating water, and the purifying member 312 can purify the circulating water discharged from the spraying tower 311.
In this embodiment, the hot water type natural gas boiler 61 heats the initial circulating water to third high-temperature circulating water by using high-temperature flue gas generated by burning natural gas, and the third high-temperature circulating water is returned to the hot water type natural gas boiler 61 for recycling after heat exchange and temperature reduction. The steam type natural gas boiler 62 heats the condensed water into steam using high-temperature flue gas generated by burning natural gas. Further, an outlet of the steam-type natural gas boiler 62 is communicated with a steam-water heat exchanger 7, the steam-water heat exchanger 7 heats the initial circulating water by using heat of the steam to form fifth high-temperature circulating water, and the fifth high-temperature circulating water returns to the steam-water heat exchanger 7 after heat exchange and temperature reduction. Alternatively, the outlet of the steam type natural gas boiler 62 is communicated with a steam radiator for building heating. Further, the steam is condensed into condensed water and then returned to the steam type natural gas boiler 62 for recycling.
In this embodiment, the system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat further includes a water source heat pump 8, an inlet of the water source heat pump 8 is communicated with an outlet of the air-circulating water heat exchange assembly 3, an outlet of the cooling water assembly 4 and an outlet of the air heat source assembly 5, circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 forms fourth high-temperature circulating water by using heat of the first low-temperature circulating water and/or the second low-temperature circulating water and/or the third low-temperature circulating water, or circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 forms second chilled water after releasing heat to ventilation air through the air-circulating water heat exchange assembly 3, and specifically, circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 releases heat to ventilation air through the spray tower 311.
As shown in fig. 1, the system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat further comprises a gas power generation assembly 9, the gas power generation assembly 9 can utilize gas to generate power, a cooling water outlet of the gas power generation assembly 9 is communicated with a gas heat exchanger 91, the gas heat exchanger 91 utilizes heat of cooling water of the gas power generation assembly 9 to heat initial circulating water to be sixth high-temperature circulating water, a flue gas outlet of the gas power generation assembly 9 is communicated with a flue gas boiler 92, and the flue gas boiler 92 utilizes heat of flue gas to heat initial circulating water to be seventh high-temperature circulating water.
Specifically, high-grade energy generated by burning medium-low concentration gas is used for power generation of the gas power generation assembly 9, 80-110 ℃ cylinder jacket cooling water generated in the power generation process of the gas power generation assembly 9 is introduced into the gas heat exchanger 91 to exchange heat with initial circulating water, the initial circulating water is heated to be sixth high-temperature circulating water, 350-600 ℃ flue gas generated in the power generation process is introduced into the flue gas boiler 92 to exchange heat with the initial circulating water, and the initial circulating water is heated to be seventh high-temperature circulating water. Further, the temperature of the cylinder jacket cooling water is reduced to a proper temperature and then returns to the gas power generation assembly 9 for recycling, the temperature of the cylinder jacket cooling water is generally reduced to below 70 ℃, the flue gas entering the flue gas boiler 92 exchanges heat with the initial circulating water and then is discharged into the atmosphere, and the sixth high-temperature circulating water and the seventh high-temperature circulating water exchange heat and reduce the temperature and then return to the gas heat exchanger 91 and the flue gas boiler 92 for recycling, so that the gradient utilization of energy is realized, and the comprehensive utilization efficiency of the energy is improved.
As a preferred technical solution, as shown in fig. 1, the system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat further includes a solar module 10, the solar module 10 includes a solar heat collection unit 101, and the solar heat collection unit 101 heats initial circulating water to eighth high-temperature circulating water by using solar energy. Specifically, solar energy is converted into heat energy by the solar heat collecting pipes of the solar heat collecting unit 101, the initial circulating water is heated by the heat energy to be eighth high-temperature circulating water, the eighth high-temperature circulating water is stored in the water storage tank, and the eighth high-temperature circulating water is cooled through heat exchange and then returns to the solar heat collecting pipes through the water return pipeline for recycling.
As a preferred technical scheme, the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat further comprises a low-temperature fresh air unit 11, an inlet of the low-temperature fresh air unit 11 is communicated with an outlet of the purifying part 312, an outlet of the heat pipe heat exchanger 32 and an outlet of the cooling water component 4 through pipelines, and the heat of the first low-temperature circulating water and/or the second low-temperature circulating water is utilized to heat the fresh air to form the low-temperature pitshaft anti-freezing air.
From the above, the ventilation air methane of the present embodiment has two utilization modes:
in winter, ventilation air methane can be used as a heat source, the water source heat pump 8 operates according to a heating working condition, the ventilation air methane can enter the spray tower 311, circulating water in the spray tower 311 absorbs heat of the ventilation air methane to form first low-temperature circulating water, the first low-temperature circulating water is purified by the purifying assembly and then is sent to an evaporator of the water source heat pump 8 through a pipeline to be used as a low-temperature heat source, or the ventilation air methane directly passes through an evaporation section of the heat pipe heat exchanger 32, a medium in the heat pipe heat exchanger 32 absorbs heat of the ventilation air methane to be evaporated into steam which flows to a condensation section of the heat pipe heat exchanger 32, the medium condenses in the condensation section to transfer heat to the circulating water in the heat pipe heat exchanger 32, the circulating water in the heat pipe heat exchanger 32 forms first low-temperature circulating. It will be appreciated that the ventilation air can also be passed into both the spray tower 311 and the heat pipe exchanger 32. Further, the circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 absorbs the heat of the first low-temperature circulating water to form fourth high-temperature circulating water, and the first low-temperature circulating water returns to the ventilation air methane spray tower 311 and/or the condensation section of the heat pipe exchanger 32 after being cooled to continuously absorb the heat of the ventilation air methane.
In summer, the ventilation air can be used as a heat sink, the water source heat pump 8 operates according to a refrigeration working condition, high-temperature water in the water source heat pump 8 enters the spray tower 311, high-temperature water in the spray tower 311 releases heat to the ventilation air to form refrigeration water, the refrigeration water is sent to a condenser of the water source heat pump 8 through a pipeline to be used as a low-temperature cold source, the refrigeration water absorbs heat released by a refrigerant in the water source heat pump 8, circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 releases heat to the refrigerant to form second refrigeration water, and the second refrigeration water returns to an evaporator of the water source heat pump 8 after heat exchange and temperature rise and is recycled.
As can be seen from the above, the air in this embodiment has two utilization modes:
in winter, when air is used as a heat source, the air heat source component 5 operates according to a heating working condition, when the temperature of the air is lower than a preset temperature (0 ℃), an outlet of the air heat source component 5 is communicated with an inlet of the water source heat pump 8 through a pipeline, circulating water in the air heat source component 5 can absorb heat of the air to form third low-temperature circulating water, the third low-temperature circulating water is sent to the water source heat pump 8 through a pipeline, and the circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 absorbs heat of the third low-temperature circulating water to form fourth high-temperature circulating water.
It can be understood that, the above-mentioned manner is that the air heat source assembly 5 and the water source heat pump 8 heat the circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 into fourth high-temperature circulating water together, at this time, the air heat source assembly 5 and the water source heat pump 8 are coupled to operate, the air heat source assembly 5 extracts heat from the air under the driving of electric energy, the air heat source assembly 5 consumes the heat generated by the electric energy operation and the heat extracted from the air are all transferred to the circulating water in the condenser of the air heat source assembly 5, the circulating water in the condenser of the air heat source assembly 5 is heated into third low-temperature circulating water, the third low-temperature circulating water is sent to the water source heat pump 8 through a pipeline, the water source heat pump 8 extracts heat from the third low-temperature circulating water under the driving of electric energy, and the third low-temperature circulating water. The heat generated by the operation of the water source heat pump 8 by consuming electric energy and the heat extracted from the third low-temperature circulating water are all transferred to the circulating water in the water source heat pump 8, the circulating water in the water source heat pump 8 is heated into fourth high-temperature circulating water, and the fourth high-temperature circulating water is returned to the water source heat pump 8 for recycling after heat exchange and temperature reduction.
When the temperature of the air is not lower than the preset temperature (0 ℃), the circulating water in the air heat source assembly 5 directly absorbs the heat of the air to form second high-temperature circulating water. Specifically, the air heat source assembly 5 extracts heat from air under the driving of electric energy, the heat generated by the operation of the air heat source assembly 5 by consuming the electric energy and the heat extracted from the air are all transferred to circulating water in a condenser of the air heat source assembly 5, the circulating water in the condenser of the air heat source assembly 5 is heated into second high-temperature circulating water, and the second high-temperature circulating water is returned to the air heat source assembly 5 for recycling after heat exchange and temperature reduction.
In summer, when air is used as a heat sink, the air heat source assembly 5 operates according to a refrigeration working condition, under the driving of electric energy, circulating water in an evaporator of the air heat source assembly 5 transfers heat to the air to form first chilled water, and the first chilled water returns to the evaporator of the air heat source assembly 5 after heat exchange and temperature rise and is recycled. It is understood that the heat generated by the operation of the air heat source assembly 5 consuming electric power and the heat extracted from the evaporator circulation water of the air heat source assembly 5 are all transferred to the outside air in the condenser of the air heat source assembly 5.
As a preferred technical scheme, when the ventilation air methane is insufficient as a heat sink, the ventilation air methane can be used as a main heat sink, and air is used as a supplementary heat sink to prepare first chilled water.
Illustratively, the first high-temperature circulating water, the second high-temperature circulating water, the third high-temperature circulating water, the fourth high-temperature circulating water, the fifth high-temperature circulating water, the sixth high-temperature circulating water, the seventh high-temperature circulating water and the eighth high-temperature circulating water are all connected to the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline through pipelines, and the first chilled water and the second chilled water are all connected to the chilled water main pipeline through pipelines.
Illustratively, the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat further comprises a bathing heat exchanger 12, the bathing heat exchanger 12 is communicated with the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline, and the bathing heat exchanger 12 utilizes the heat of the high-temperature circulating water to heat tap water into bathing water. Furthermore, the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline can be communicated with a fan coil, and high-temperature circulating water is used for heating buildings. Alternatively, the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline can be communicated with a ground heating assembly, and high-temperature circulating water is used for heating buildings. Alternatively, the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline can be communicated with a hot water radiator, and high-temperature circulating water is used for heating buildings. Alternatively, the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline can be communicated with a high-temperature fresh air unit 13, and the high-temperature circulating water is used for heating fresh air to prevent freezing air in the high-temperature shaft and/or drying air in a hanging basket in winter.
It should be noted that the temperature of the high-temperature circulating water depends on the type of the heat exchange element connected to the high-temperature circulating water main pipeline, when the heat exchange element is a fan coil or a floor heating assembly for heating, the temperature of the high-temperature circulating water is above 45 ℃, and when the heat exchange element is a hot water radiator, the temperature of the high-temperature circulating water is above 60 ℃.
Exemplarily, the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat further comprises a wellhead fresh air unit 14, the wellhead fresh air unit 14 is communicated with the chilled water main pipeline, and the wellhead fresh air unit 14 utilizes chilled water to cool fresh air to be well descending warm air. Alternatively, the chilled water main pipeline can be further communicated with a dry fresh air assembly 15, the dry fresh air assembly 15 comprises a cold air unit 151 and a first electric heating unit 152 which are sequentially communicated, the cold air unit 151 utilizes chilled water to cool and dehumidify fresh air, and the cooled and dehumidified fresh air is heated by the first electric heating unit 152 to be summer hanging basket drying air. Alternatively, the chilled water in the chilled water main line can also be directly used for building refrigeration or underground cooling.
As a preferred technical scheme, the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat further comprises a second electric heating unit 16, and the second electric heating unit 16 is used for heating fresh air. Specifically, under the condition of insufficient heat energy, the second electric heating unit 16 can heat the fresh air by using electric energy to be high-temperature wellbore anti-freezing air and/or winter hanging basket drying air, and the second electric heating unit 16 can also heat the fresh air to be low-temperature wellbore anti-freezing air.
It is noted that the low temperature well bore anti-freezing air is directly sent into the well bore for anti-freezing, the high temperature well bore anti-freezing air is mixed with the outdoor cold air, the temperature of the mixed fresh air is not lower than 5 ℃, and then the mixed fresh air is sent into the well bore for anti-freezing.
As a preferred technical scheme, the gas power generation assembly 9 is electrically connected to the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source assembly 5, the first electric heating unit 152, and the second electric heating unit 16, respectively, and is configured to provide electric energy for the above devices.
In this example, the solar module 10 further includes a photovoltaic generator set 102, and the photovoltaic generator set 102 generates electricity by using solar energy to convert the solar energy into electric energy. Specifically, when the photovoltaic generator set 102 generates electricity by using solar energy, the photovoltaic generator set 102 is disposed on the building roof or the goaf, and the solar cell of the photovoltaic generator set 102 directly converts the solar energy into electric energy. Further, the photovoltaic generator set 102 is electrically connected to the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source assembly 5, the first electric heating unit 152, and the second electric heating unit 16, respectively, for providing electric energy to the above devices.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 1, the system for comprehensively utilizing the residual heat of the coal mine further comprises an energy storage assembly 17 for storing electric energy. The energy storage assembly 17 comprises an energy storage flow converter 171 and an energy storage battery 172, the energy storage battery 172 is electrically connected with the energy storage flow converter 171, and the energy storage flow converter 171 is electrically connected with the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source assembly 5, the first electric heating unit 152, the second electric heating unit 16, the gas power generation assembly 9 and the photovoltaic generator set 102 respectively. Specifically, when the power generation amounts of the gas power generation assembly 9 and the photovoltaic power generation unit 102 are large, the redundant electric energy is stored in the energy storage assembly 17, so that the electric energy is provided for the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source assembly 5, the first electric heating unit 152 and the second electric heating unit 16 when the power generation amounts of the gas power generation assembly 9 and the photovoltaic power generation unit 102 are insufficient, and the normal operation of the water source heat pump 8 and the air heat source assembly 5 is ensured.
As a preferred technical scheme, the system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat further comprises a power supply 18, and the power supply 18 is electrically connected with the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source assembly 5, the first electric heating unit 152, the second electric heating unit 16 and the energy storage rheometer 171 respectively. Specifically, when the power generation of the gas power generation assembly 9 and the photovoltaic generator set 102 is insufficient and the power in the energy storage assembly 17 is exhausted, the power supply 18 can provide electric energy for the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source assembly 5, the first electric heating unit 152 and the second electric heating unit 16. If the electricity price provided by the power supply 18 is executed according to the time-of-use electricity price policy, it can be considered that electricity is purchased from a power plant and stored in the energy storage battery 172 in the low-price period of electricity price, and then the energy storage battery 172 releases electric energy to supply the water source heat pump 8, the air heat source component 5, the first electric heating unit 152 and the second electric heating unit 16 for use in the peak period of electricity price, so that not only can the electricity cost be saved, but also the peak regulation effect of the power grid can be achieved, and the purpose of peak clipping and valley filling can be achieved.
It can be understood that, when the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat of the embodiment is operated, waste heat resources such as ventilation air, mine water burst, equipment cooling water, bathing wastewater, gas and the like and renewable energy sources such as air, solar energy and the like are preferentially selected, so that the pollution to the environment is reduced, the comprehensive utilization rate of the energy sources is improved, and the operation cost is reduced.
According to the system for comprehensively utilizing the coal mine waste heat, the waste heat utilization mode is selected according to the specific conditions in coal mine operation, rich waste heat resources such as energy supply equipment, ventilation air methane and cooling water can be fully utilized, the equipment safety is high, the gradient utilization of energy can be realized, the comprehensive utilization rate of the energy is obviously improved, the purposes of energy conservation and emission reduction are achieved, and meanwhile, the stability of the energy utilization of a mining area is ensured.
It should be understood that the above-described embodiments of the present invention are merely examples for clearly illustrating the present invention, and are not intended to limit the embodiments of the present invention. Numerous obvious variations, adaptations and substitutions will occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the scope of the invention. And are neither required nor exhaustive of all embodiments. Any modification, equivalent replacement, and improvement made within the spirit and principle of the present invention should be included in the protection scope of the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. A system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat is characterized by comprising:
the heat recovery assembly (1) heats initial circulating water into first high-temperature circulating water by utilizing waste heat of the air compressor;
the wind-wind heat exchanger (2) heats fresh wind into low-temperature pit shaft anti-freezing wind by utilizing the heat of ventilation air;
the wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly (3) heats circulating water in the wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly (3) into first low-temperature circulating water by utilizing the heat of the ventilation air methane;
a cooling water assembly (4) which utilizes the heat of cooling water to heat the initial circulating water into second low-temperature circulating water, wherein the cooling water comprises mine water burst, and/or equipment cooling water, and/or bathing wastewater;
the circulating water in the air heat source component (5) exchanges heat with air to form third low-temperature circulating water or second high-temperature circulating water or first chilled water;
the natural gas boiler assembly (6), the natural gas boiler assembly (6) comprises a hot water type natural gas boiler (61) and a steam type natural gas boiler (62) which are arranged in parallel, the hot water type natural gas boiler (61) heats the initial circulating water by using natural gas to be third high-temperature circulating water, and the steam type natural gas boiler (62) heats condensed water by using the natural gas to be steam;
the circulating water in the water source heat pump (8) forms fourth high-temperature circulating water by utilizing the heat of the first low-temperature circulating water and/or the second low-temperature circulating water and/or the third low-temperature circulating water, or the circulating water in the water source heat pump (8) releases heat to the ventilation air through the air-circulating water heat exchange component (3) to form second chilled water;
a steam-water heat exchanger (7) for heating the initial circulating water to fifth high-temperature circulating water by using the heat of the steam;
the bathing heat exchanger (12) utilizes the heat of the first high-temperature circulating water, the second high-temperature circulating water, the third high-temperature circulating water, the fourth high-temperature circulating water and the fifth high-temperature circulating water to heat tap water to be bathing water;
a wellhead fresh air unit (14) which cools the fresh air into downhole warm air by using first chilled water and/or second chilled water;
dry new trend subassembly (15), dry new trend subassembly (15) are including cold air unit (151) and first electrical heating unit (152) that communicate in proper order, cold air unit (151) utilize first refrigerated water and/or second refrigerated water right the new trend cools down the dehumidification, first electrical heating unit (152) are used for heating the cooling dehumidification after the new trend.
2. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 1, wherein the wind-circulating water heat exchange assembly (3) comprises a spraying-purifying assembly (31) and a heat pipe heat exchanger (32) which are arranged in parallel, the spraying-purifying assembly (31) comprises a spraying tower (311) and a purifying piece (312) which are sequentially communicated, the circulating water in the spraying tower (311) and the circulating water in the heat pipe heat exchanger (32) absorb the heat of the ventilation air, and the circulating water in the water source heat pump (8) releases the heat to the ventilation air through the spraying tower (311).
3. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 2, characterized by further comprising a low-temperature fresh air unit (11) which utilizes the heat of the first low-temperature circulating water and/or the second low-temperature circulating water to heat the fresh air so as to prevent the cold air from flowing into the low-temperature shaft.
4. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 3, further comprising a high-temperature fresh air unit (13), wherein the high-temperature fresh air unit (13) heats the fresh air by using heat of the first high-temperature circulating water, the second high-temperature circulating water, the third high-temperature circulating water, the fourth high-temperature circulating water and the fifth high-temperature circulating water.
5. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat is characterized by further comprising a second electric heating unit (16), wherein the second electric heating unit (16) is used for heating the fresh air.
6. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 5, further comprising a gas power generation assembly (9), wherein the gas power generation assembly (9) generates power by using gas, and the gas power generation assembly (9) is electrically connected with the water source heat pump (8), the air heat source assembly (5), the first electric heating unit (152) and the second electric heating unit (16) respectively.
7. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 6, wherein a cooling water outlet of the gas power generation assembly (9) is communicated with a gas heat exchanger (91), the gas heat exchanger (91) utilizes the heat of the cooling water of the gas power generation assembly (9) to heat the initial circulating water to be sixth high-temperature circulating water, a flue gas outlet of the gas power generation assembly (9) is communicated with a flue gas boiler (92), the flue gas boiler (92) utilizes the heat of flue gas to heat the initial circulating water to be seventh high-temperature circulating water, the bathing heat exchanger (12) utilizes the heat of the sixth high-temperature circulating water and the heat of the seventh high-temperature circulating water to heat the tap water to be bathing water, and the high-temperature fresh air unit (13) utilizes the heat of the sixth high-temperature circulating water and the heat of the seventh high-temperature circulating water to heat the fresh air.
8. The system for comprehensively utilizing the residual heat of coal mines as set forth in claim 7, which further comprises a solar module (10), the solar component (10) comprises a solar heat collection unit (101) and a photovoltaic generator unit (102), the solar heat collection unit (101) heats the initial circulating water by solar energy to eighth high-temperature circulating water, the photovoltaic generator set (102) generates electricity by utilizing the solar energy, the photovoltaic generator set (102) is respectively and electrically connected with the water source heat pump (8), the air heat source component (5), the first electric heating unit (152) and the second electric heating unit (16), the bath heat exchanger (12) utilizes the heat of the eighth high-temperature circulating water to heat the tap water into bath water, and the high-temperature fresh air unit (13) heats the fresh air by utilizing the heat of the eighth high-temperature circulating water.
9. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 8, characterized by further comprising an energy storage assembly (17), wherein the energy storage assembly (17) comprises an energy storage flow converter (171) and an energy storage battery (172), the energy storage battery (172) is electrically connected with the energy storage flow converter (171), and the energy storage flow converter (171) is electrically connected with the water source heat pump (8), the air heat source assembly (5), the first electric heating unit (152), the second electric heating unit (16), the gas power generation assembly (9) and the photovoltaic power generation unit (102), respectively.
10. The system for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat according to claim 9, further comprising a power supply (18), wherein the power supply (18) is electrically connected with the water source heat pump (8), the air heat source assembly (5), the first electric heating unit (152), the second electric heating unit (16) and the energy storage flow converter (171) respectively.
CN202011367721.8A 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat Pending CN112360585A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011367721.8A CN112360585A (en) 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011367721.8A CN112360585A (en) 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112360585A true CN112360585A (en) 2021-02-12

Family

ID=74536319

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011367721.8A Pending CN112360585A (en) 2020-11-27 2020-11-27 System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112360585A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114396822A (en) * 2022-01-17 2022-04-26 中煤科工(天津)清洁能源研究院有限公司 Energy comprehensive utilization configuration and operation method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN114396822A (en) * 2022-01-17 2022-04-26 中煤科工(天津)清洁能源研究院有限公司 Energy comprehensive utilization configuration and operation method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
Raja et al. A review and new approach to minimize the cost of solar assisted absorption cooling system
CN103727703B (en) A kind of recycling cold, heat and power triple supply system
CN101949612B (en) Cooling mode driven by utilizing urban heat supply network
CN100453926C (en) Multifunctional integrative system of light-volt solar heat pump
KR20130128661A (en) Connecting apparatus for return water heat system of district heating and solar system and heatpump system
KR100999400B1 (en) Heat pump system using geothermal heat
CN101509716A (en) Electric power plant cooling system for enhancing cooling efficiency by utilizing residual heat refrigeration manner
CN103604249A (en) Energy tower absorption type hot and cold water unit
CN101893293A (en) Centralized multi-connected cold (heat) source central air conditioning system
CN111829203A (en) System integrating functions of coal mine heating, refrigerating and bathing hot water preparation
CN205066232U (en) Ground -source heat pump system for natural gas station
KR100556267B1 (en) Hybrid heat-pump system using geotherm and air-heat
CN103604243A (en) Spray-type air-source absorption heat pump
CN102913986A (en) Separate heat pipe wall mounting type flat-plate solar heating device
CN212619460U (en) System integrating functions of coal mine heating, refrigerating and bathing hot water preparation
CN202927948U (en) Wall-mounted flat-plate solar heating device with separated heat pipes
CN112360585A (en) System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat
CN101178230A (en) Multifunctional solar air-conditioning equipment
SA111320912B1 (en) Air Conditioning System Using Dehumidifying Cooling Device
CN102494439B (en) Photovoltaic photo-thermal energy-storage heat pump system
CN213743552U (en) System for comprehensively utilizing coal mine waste heat
CN201363899Y (en) Air source heat pump hot water device with emergency standby power supply
CN104913544B (en) A kind of natural gas station energy utilizing method based on soil source heat pump system
CN203687445U (en) Energy tower type absorption cold hot water unit
CN109827421A (en) A kind of superhigh temperature industrial heat pump drying unit

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination