CN112350197A - Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat - Google Patents

Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112350197A
CN112350197A CN202011348182.3A CN202011348182A CN112350197A CN 112350197 A CN112350197 A CN 112350197A CN 202011348182 A CN202011348182 A CN 202011348182A CN 112350197 A CN112350197 A CN 112350197A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
power distribution
distribution cabinet
switch board
cold water
water
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN202011348182.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张重
Original Assignee
张重
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张重 filed Critical 张重
Priority to CN202011348182.3A priority Critical patent/CN112350197A/en
Publication of CN112350197A publication Critical patent/CN112350197A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/56Cooling; Ventilation
    • H02B1/565Cooling; Ventilation for cabinets
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/28Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor dustproof, splashproof, drip-proof, waterproof or flameproof
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02BBOARDS, SUBSTATIONS, OR SWITCHING ARRANGEMENTS FOR THE SUPPLY OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02B1/00Frameworks, boards, panels, desks, casings; Details of substations or switching arrangements
    • H02B1/26Casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor
    • H02B1/30Cabinet-type casings; Parts thereof or accessories therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses a power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat, which comprises a power distribution cabinet body and an installation base positioned at the bottom of the power distribution cabinet body, wherein a power distribution cabinet door is movably hinged on the power distribution cabinet body, a power distribution cabinet head is arranged on the power distribution cabinet body, a wind cooling device is arranged in the power distribution cabinet head, a water cooling chamber is separated from the bottom in the power distribution cabinet body through an installation partition plate, and a water cooling device is arranged in the water cooling chamber; the utility model discloses a switch board, including switch board body, power distribution cabinet, water-cooling device, controller signal output part, step motor, radiator fan, temperature sensor, level detector and circulating water pump signal input part electric connection, switch board body rear surface is equipped with the bar louvre, the switch board body carries out the forced air cooling through air cooling device, carries out the water-cooling heat dissipation through water cooling device, switch board body rear end is equipped with the power consumption interface, this internal controller that is equipped with of switch board, controller signal output part respectively. The invention has the advantages of simple structure and strong practicability.

Description

Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of power distribution cabinets, in particular to a power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat.
Background
The distribution cabinet (case) is a final-stage device of a distribution system and is divided into a power distribution cabinet (case), a lighting distribution cabinet (case) and a metering cabinet (case). The power distribution cabinet is a general name of a motor control center. The power distribution cabinet is used in the occasions with dispersed loads and less loops; the motor control center is used for occasions with concentrated loads and more loops. They distribute the power of a certain circuit of the upper-level distribution equipment to the nearby loads. This level of equipment should provide protection, monitoring and control of the load.
In the prior art, for example, the patent number is CN 201710105071.1, the patent name is a self-heat-dissipation power distribution cabinet, which includes a box body, wherein a plurality of equipment racks are arranged on the inner wall of the box body; the air flow channel pipe is partially positioned at the inner side of the box body, and is partially exposed at the outer side of the box body, the top end of the air flow channel pipe is higher than the top surface of the box body, and an air inlet is also formed in the inner wall of the upper part of the box body; a circuit box is arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the box body, a monitoring circuit is arranged in the circuit box, and the monitoring circuit comprises a main control unit, a communication unit in signal connection with the main control unit and a camera; the camera is arranged on the top surface of the inner wall of the box body; because the difference in height's of airflow channel pipe reason, form pressure and upwards bleed naturally, the smoking effect of similar chimney realizes the circulation of air heat dissipation, does not take electric power, and inside can realize real-time control moreover to can transmit the signal for server or administrator's cell-phone terminal in real time, convenient nurse and maintenance.
The switch board structure that uses on the existing market is simple relatively, and the function is comparatively single, and electrical components works for a long time in the switch board, and the heat can not in time be gone out in the effluvium, leads to electrical components's damage easily.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems and designs a power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat.
The power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat comprises a power distribution cabinet body and an installation base positioned at the bottom of the power distribution cabinet body, wherein a power distribution cabinet door is movably hinged to the power distribution cabinet body, a power distribution cabinet head is arranged on the power distribution cabinet body, a wind cooling device is arranged in the power distribution cabinet head, a water cooling chamber is separated from the bottom in the power distribution cabinet body through an installation partition plate, and a water cooling device is arranged in the water cooling chamber; the utility model discloses a switch board, including switch board body, water-cooling device, power distribution cabinet body rear surface is equipped with the bar louvre, and the switch board body carries out the forced air cooling through air cooling device, carries out water-cooling heat dissipation through water cooling device, switch board body rear end is equipped with the power consumption interface, this internal controller that is equipped with of switch board, controller signal output part respectively with step motor, radiator fan, temperature sensor, level detector and circulating water pump signal input part electric connection.
The air cooling device comprises a group of mounting grooves formed in the side surface of the cabinet head opposite to the power distribution cabinet, and shutter frames are fixedly mounted in the mounting grooves; a plurality of groups of opposite circular through holes are uniformly formed in the opposite side surfaces of the louver frame, and fastening bearings are inserted into the circular through holes; a transmission shaft is inserted in the opposite group of fastening bearings, one end of the transmission shaft extends out of the fastening bearings, and a transmission rod is movably arranged at one end of the transmission shaft extending out of the fastening bearings; the outer side surface of one end of the transmission shaft extending out of the fastening bearing is provided with an external thread; a plurality of mounting circular holes are uniformly formed in the side surface of the transmission rod, and internal threads are tapped in the mounting circular holes; the external thread of the transmission shaft is matched with the internal thread of the mounting round hole; an installation bottom plate is fixedly installed on the inner wall of one side of the cabinet head of the power distribution cabinet, and a stepping motor is fixedly installed on the installation bottom plate; the rotating end of the stepping motor faces outwards horizontally, and an eccentric block is fixedly installed at the rotating end of the stepping motor; one end of the upper surface of the eccentric block is in transmission connection with the transmission rod through a connecting pin shaft; the transmission shaft is fixedly provided with a strip-shaped curtain leaf; a group of impurity filter screens are fixedly arranged in the cabinet head of the power distribution cabinet and are positioned at the rear end of the shutter frame; a group of cooling fans are fixedly installed in the cabinet head of the power distribution cabinet, and a protective mesh enclosure is fixedly installed at the front end of each cooling fan; the heat dissipation fan is positioned at the rear end of the impurity filter screen; and a temperature sensor is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of one side of the power distribution cabinet body.
The water cooling device comprises a cold water tank fixedly arranged at the bottom in the water cooling chamber, a water filling port is arranged on one side of the upper surface of the cold water tank, and a sealing cover is movably hinged on the water filling port; a liquid level detector is installed on one side of the cold water tank, and a liquid level alarm is fixedly installed in the liquid level detector; a circulating water pump is arranged in the cold water tank, and a cold water pipe is fixedly arranged at the water outlet end of the circulating water pump; a radiator is fixedly arranged on the rear surface in the power distribution cabinet body, and a heat exchanger is fixedly arranged on the radiator; the radiator corresponds to the strip-shaped heat dissipation holes in position; the water inlet of the heat exchanger is fixedly connected with a cold water pipe, and the water outlet of the heat exchanger is communicated with a cold water tank through a circulating water pipe.
The transmission rod is in transmission connection with one end of the upper surface of the eccentric block through a connecting pin shaft, and the position of the transmission rod in the vertical direction can be adjusted through the forward and reverse rotation of the stepping motor; the transmission shaft is in threaded connection with the transmission rod, and the transmission shaft can realize angle adjustment in the horizontal direction through the transmission rod, so that the strip-shaped curtain leaf is controlled to be opened and closed.
The temperature sensor is electrically connected with the controller; temperature sensor collects and detects this internal temperature signal of switch board to with signal transmission to controller, controller control radiator fan's switch, dust in the impurity filter screen can effective filtration air.
The heat exchanger is a U-shaped coil pipe and is fixedly arranged on the radiator; the circulating water pump pumps cold water in the cold water tank into the cold water pipe, the cold water pipe is fixedly connected with a water inlet of the heat exchanger, the heat exchanger absorbs heat generated by electrical elements, the radiator is used for dissipating heat in the heat exchanger, and cold water absorbing the heat flows into the cold water tank through the circulating water pipe to be reused.
The controller is provided with a capacitive display screen which can display the temperature in the power distribution cabinet body; the controller is provided with a function button and a switch device.
The power utilization interface is electrically connected with an external power supply; and the output end of the power utilization interface power supply is electrically connected with the input ends of the stepping motor, the cooling fan, the temperature sensor, the liquid level detector and the circulating water pump power supply respectively.
The power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat, which is manufactured by the technical scheme of the invention, can cool the body of the power distribution cabinet by air cooling through the air cooling device positioned in the cabinet head of the power distribution cabinet, and the water cooling device in the water cooling chamber can perform water cooling heat radiation on the body of the power distribution cabinet, so that the working time and the service life of electrical components in the power distribution cabinet are prolonged.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the air cooling apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the cold water tank of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the heat exchanger of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of the controller of the present invention;
in the figure, 1, a power distribution cabinet body; 2. installing a base; 3. a cabinet door of a power distribution cabinet; 4. a cabinet head of a power distribution cabinet; 5. installing a partition plate; 6. a water cooling chamber; 7. strip-shaped heat dissipation holes; 8. an electricity utilization interface; 9. a controller; 10. installing a groove; 11. a louver frame; 12. a circular through hole; 13. fastening a bearing; 14. a drive shaft; 15. a transmission rod; 16. mounting a round hole; 17. mounting a bottom plate; 18. a stepping motor; 19. an eccentric block; 20. connecting a pin shaft; 21. strip-shaped curtain leaves; 22. an impurity filter screen; 23. a heat radiation fan; 24. a protective mesh enclosure; 25. a temperature sensor; 26. a cold water tank; 27. a water filling port; 28. a sealing cover; 29. a liquid level detector; 30. a liquid level alarm; 31. a water circulating pump; 32. a cold water pipe; 33. a heat sink; 34. a heat exchanger; 35. a circulating water pipe; 36. a capacitive display screen; 37. a function button; 38. a switching device.
Detailed Description
In the following, the invention is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, as shown in fig. 1 to 5, a power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat, in this embodiment, when in use, a user is electrically connected to an external power source through a power utilization interface 8, and turns on a switch device 38;
the first step is as follows: the temperature sensor 25 collects and detects temperature signals in the power distribution cabinet body 1 and transmits the signals to the controller 9, the capacitance display screen 36 on the controller 9 can display the temperature in the power distribution cabinet body 1, when the temperature in the power distribution cabinet body 1 is too high, the air cooling device starts to work, the stepping motor 18 drives the eccentric block 19 on the rotating end, the transmission rod 15 is in transmission connection with one end of the upper surface of the eccentric block 19 through the connecting pin shaft 20, the transmission rod 15 can realize the position adjustment in the vertical direction through the forward and backward rotation of the stepping motor 18, the eccentric block 19 drives the transmission rod 15 to move upwards through the connecting pin shaft 20, the outer side surface of one end, extending out of the fastening bearing 13, of the transmission shaft 14 is provided with external threads, the side surface of the transmission rod 15 is uniformly provided with a plurality of mounting round holes 16, internal threads are tapped in the mounting round holes 16, the transmission shaft 14 is in threaded connection with the transmission rod, the transmission shaft 14 drives the transmission shaft 14 to rotate by a certain angle through the transmission rod 15, at the moment, the strip-shaped curtain blade 21 is opened, the controller 9 controls the opening of the cooling fan 23 to cool the power distribution cabinet body 1 in an air cooling mode, the impurity filter screen 22 can effectively filter dust in air, the strip-shaped curtain blade 21 is in a closed state at ordinary times, the generation of dust in the power distribution cabinet body 1 can be reduced, and the power distribution cabinet body can be cooled in the air cooling mode through an air cooling device located in the cabinet head of the power distribution cabinet;
the second step is that: when electrical components during operation in switch board body 1, water cooling plant in the water-cooling chamber can carry out the water-cooling heat dissipation to the switch board body, the user assigns the instruction through controller 9, water cooling plant begins work, circulating water pump 31 takes out the cold water in the cold water tank 26 to in the cold water pipe 32, cold water pipe 32 and 34 water inlet fixed connection of heat exchanger, heat that heat exchanger 34 absorbed electrical components and produced, radiator 33 is used for giving off the heat in the heat exchanger 34, cold water after the absorption heat flows into in cold water tank 26 through circulating water pipe 35, reuse, through the air cooling device who is located switch board cabinet head, can carry out the forced air cooling to the switch board body, water cooling plant in the water-cooling chamber can carry out the water-cooling heat dissipation to the switch board body, thereby improve electrical components during operation and life.
The technical solutions described above only represent the preferred technical solutions of the present invention, and some possible modifications to some parts of the technical solutions by those skilled in the art all represent the principles of the present invention, and fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. A power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat comprises a power distribution cabinet body (1) and an installation base (2) located at the bottom of the power distribution cabinet body (1), and is characterized in that a power distribution cabinet door (3) is movably hinged to the power distribution cabinet body (1), a power distribution cabinet head (4) is arranged on the power distribution cabinet body (1), a wind cooling device is arranged in the power distribution cabinet head (4), a water cooling chamber (6) is separated from the bottom in the power distribution cabinet body (1) through an installation partition plate (5), and a water cooling device is arranged in the water cooling chamber (6); switch board body (1) rear surface is equipped with bar louvre (7), the switch board body carries out the forced air cooling through air cooling unit, carries out water-cooling heat dissipation through water cooling unit, switch board body (1) rear end is equipped with power consumption interface (8), be equipped with controller (9) in switch board body (1), controller (9) signal output part respectively with step motor, radiator fan, temperature sensor, liquid level detector and circulating water pump signal input part electric connection.
2. The switch board capable of automatically dissipating heat according to claim 1, wherein the air cooling device comprises a set of mounting grooves (10) formed on opposite side surfaces of the cabinet head (4) of the switch board, and shutter frames (11) are fixedly mounted in the mounting grooves (10); a plurality of groups of opposite circular through holes (12) are uniformly formed in the opposite side surfaces of the louver frame (11), and fastening bearings (13) are inserted into the circular through holes (12); a transmission shaft (14) is inserted into the opposite group of fastening bearings (13), one end of the transmission shaft (14) extends out of the fastening bearings (13), and one end of the transmission shaft (14) extending out of the fastening bearings (13) is movably provided with a transmission rod (15); the outer side surface of one end of the transmission shaft (14) extending out of the fastening bearing (13) is provided with an external thread; a plurality of mounting round holes (16) are uniformly formed in the side surface of the transmission rod (15), and internal threads are tapped in the mounting round holes (16); the external thread of the transmission shaft (14) is matched with the internal thread of the mounting round hole (16); an installation bottom plate (17) is fixedly installed on the inner wall of one side of the power distribution cabinet head (4), and a stepping motor (18) is fixedly installed on the installation bottom plate (17); the rotating end of the stepping motor (18) faces outwards horizontally, and an eccentric block (19) is fixedly installed at the rotating end of the stepping motor (18); one end of the upper surface of the eccentric block (19) is in transmission connection with the transmission rod (15) through a connecting pin shaft (20); a strip-shaped curtain blade (21) is fixedly arranged on the transmission shaft (14); a group of impurity filter screens (22) are fixedly arranged in the power distribution cabinet head (4), and the impurity filter screens (22) are positioned at the rear end of the louver frame (11); a group of cooling fans (23) are fixedly installed in the power distribution cabinet head (4), and a protective mesh enclosure (24) is fixedly installed at the front end of each cooling fan (23); the heat dissipation fan (23) is positioned at the rear end of the impurity filter screen (22); and a temperature sensor (25) is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of one side of the power distribution cabinet body (1).
3. The power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat according to claim 1, wherein the water cooling device comprises a cold water tank (26) fixedly mounted at the bottom in the water cooling chamber (6), a water filling opening (27) is formed in one side of the upper surface of the cold water tank (26), and a sealing cover (28) is movably hinged to the water filling opening (27); a liquid level detector (29) is installed on one side of the cold water tank (26), and a liquid level alarm (30) is fixedly installed in the liquid level detector (29); a circulating water pump (31) is arranged in the cold water tank (26), and a cold water pipe (32) is fixedly arranged at the water outlet end of the circulating water pump (31); a radiator (33) is fixedly installed on the inner rear surface of the power distribution cabinet body (1), and a heat exchanger (34) is fixedly installed on the radiator (33); the radiator (33) corresponds to the strip-shaped heat dissipation holes (7) in position; the water inlet of the heat exchanger (34) is fixedly connected with the cold water pipe (32), and the water outlet of the heat exchanger (34) is communicated with the cold water tank (26) through the circulating water pipe (35).
4. The power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat according to claim 2, wherein the transmission rod (15) is in transmission connection with one end of the upper surface of the eccentric block (19) through a connection pin shaft (20), and the transmission rod (15) can realize the adjustment of the position in the vertical direction through the forward and reverse rotation of the stepping motor (18); the transmission shaft (14) is in threaded connection with the transmission rod (15), and the transmission shaft (14) can realize angle adjustment in the horizontal direction through the transmission rod (15), so that the strip-shaped curtain blade (21) is controlled to be opened and closed.
5. The switch board capable of automatically dissipating heat according to claim 2, wherein the temperature sensor (25) is electrically connected with the controller (9); temperature sensor (25) collect and detect temperature signal in switch board body (1) to with signal transmission to controller (9), the switch of radiator fan (23) is controlled in controller (9), dust in impurity filter screen (22) can the effective filtration air.
6. The switch board that can dispel the heat automatically according to claim 3, characterized by, that the said heat exchanger (34) is a U-shaped coil pipe, install fixedly on radiator (34); the circulating water pump (31) pumps cold water in the cold water tank (26) into the cold water pipe (32), the cold water pipe (32) is fixedly connected with a water inlet of the heat exchanger (34), the heat exchanger (34) absorbs heat generated by electrical components, the radiator (33) is used for dissipating the heat in the heat exchanger (34), and the cold water after absorbing the heat flows into the cold water tank (26) through the circulating water pipe (35) to be reused.
7. The power distribution cabinet capable of automatically dissipating heat according to claim 1, wherein a capacitive display screen (36) is arranged on the controller (9), and the capacitive display screen (36) can display the temperature in the power distribution cabinet body (1); the controller (9) is provided with a function button (37) and a switch device (38).
8. The switch board capable of automatically dissipating heat according to claim 1, wherein the power utilization interface (8) is electrically connected with an external power supply; and the power output end of the power utilization interface (8) is electrically connected with the power input ends of the stepping motor (18), the cooling fan (23), the temperature sensor (25), the liquid level detector (29) and the circulating water pump (31) respectively.
CN202011348182.3A 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat Withdrawn CN112350197A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011348182.3A CN112350197A (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011348182.3A CN112350197A (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112350197A true CN112350197A (en) 2021-02-09

Family

ID=74364880

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011348182.3A Withdrawn CN112350197A (en) 2020-11-26 2020-11-26 Power distribution cabinet capable of automatically radiating heat

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112350197A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113873832A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-31 河北时代嘉盈电气制造有限公司 Assembled water-cooling loading device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113873832A (en) * 2021-09-18 2021-12-31 河北时代嘉盈电气制造有限公司 Assembled water-cooling loading device

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Application publication date: 20210209