CN112317088A - Hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and using method thereof - Google Patents

Hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and using method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112317088A
CN112317088A CN202011154102.0A CN202011154102A CN112317088A CN 112317088 A CN112317088 A CN 112317088A CN 202011154102 A CN202011154102 A CN 202011154102A CN 112317088 A CN112317088 A CN 112317088A
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China
Prior art keywords
grinding
box
wall
powder
drying
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CN202011154102.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
颜树德
钟志茂
许鹏杰
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Hunan Xinquan Food Technology Co ltd
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Hunan Xinquan Food Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011154102.0A priority Critical patent/CN112317088A/en
Publication of CN112317088A publication Critical patent/CN112317088A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/143Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with a disc rotor having generally radially extending slots or openings bordered with cutting knives
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23LFOODS, FOODSTUFFS, OR NON-ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGES, NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES A21D OR A23B-A23J; THEIR PREPARATION OR TREATMENT, e.g. COOKING, MODIFICATION OF NUTRITIVE QUALITIES, PHYSICAL TREATMENT; PRESERVATION OF FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS, IN GENERAL
    • A23L3/00Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs
    • A23L3/40Preservation of foods or foodstuffs, in general, e.g. pasteurising, sterilising, specially adapted for foods or foodstuffs by drying or kilning; Subsequent reconstitution
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Nutrition Science (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Polymers & Plastics (AREA)
  • Drying Of Solid Materials (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and a using method thereof, which comprises a base, the top of the base is fixedly provided with an installation platform, the top of the installation platform is fixedly provided with a grinding box, a grinding assembly is arranged in the grinding box, the grinding box is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the top of the grinding box, the bottom of the mincing box is fixedly connected with a discharging pipe, the bottom of the discharging pipe penetrates through the inner wall of the top of the grinding box and extends into the grinding box, the top of the mincing box is fixedly provided with the blanking hopper, the walnut kernel is pre-pulverized by the invention, so that the walnut kernel is ground more fully, the sieve can filter out some particles which are not ground sufficiently, thereby improving the drinking taste, the walnut powder is prevented from being agglomerated through stirring and drying, so that the drying is more uniform, the storage and transportation time of the walnut powder is prolonged, and the quality of the walnut powder is improved.

Description

Hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and using method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of hickory nut processing, in particular to a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and a using method thereof.
Background
The hickory is a deciduous tree belonging to the genus hickory of the family Juglandaceae, about 20 species, and China is one of the origins. The pecan fruits are accepted by consumers due to extremely high nutritional value and unique taste and flavor, and become popular high-grade nuts. The pecans have the functions of nourishing and preserving health for people of various ages, and pregnant women mostly eat the pecans to benefit the bone development of fetuses; children eat the food frequently, which is beneficial to growth and development, memory enhancement and vision protection; the young people can keep the body healthy and beautiful and the skin smooth after eating the food frequently; it is suitable for middle-aged and elderly people to eat regularly, and has effects in protecting heart, nourishing lung, improving intelligence, and prolonging life. Since the pecan fruits have extremely high nutritive value and a plurality of eating methods, the pecan fruits are often ground into pecan powder and brewed with tea for drinking.
The existing hickory nut grinding and drying device is insufficient in grinding of walnut kernels, can not filter out particles which are not sufficiently ground, influences the taste of drinking, and often can cause the walnut powder to agglomerate in the drying process, so that the drying is not uniform enough, the storage and the transportation of the walnut powder are influenced, and the quality of the walnut powder is also reduced.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to overcome the defects at present, the invention provides a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and a using method thereof.
The technical implementation scheme of the invention is as follows: a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder comprises a base, wherein the top of the base is fixedly provided with an installation platform, the top of the installation platform is fixedly provided with a grinding box, a grinding assembly is arranged in the grinding box, the grinding box is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of the top of the grinding box, the bottom of the mincing box is fixedly connected with a discharging pipe, the bottom of the discharging pipe penetrates through the inner wall of the top of the grinding box and extends into the grinding box, a discharge hopper is fixedly arranged at the top of the mincing box, a mincing component for mincing the walnut kernels in advance is arranged in the mincing box, a conveying assembly for conveying walnut powder is arranged in the grinding box, a drying assembly for drying the pecan powder is arranged on one side of the mounting table, the outer wall of one side of the grinding box is fixedly connected with an installation box, and a second motor is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the top of the installation box.
Preferably, the grinding assembly comprises a first grinding roller and a second grinding roller which are symmetrically and rotatably connected with the inner walls of two sides of the grinding box, one ends of the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller penetrate through the inner wall of one side of the grinding box and extend into the mounting box, second gears are sleeved on the outer walls of the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller, a first gear is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the second motor, and the first gear is meshed with the two second gears respectively.
Preferably, rub the subassembly and rotate the same second axis of rotation of connecting including the both sides inner wall that rubs the case, fixed cover is equipped with the rotation post on the outer wall of second axis of rotation, a plurality of reamers of fixedly connected with on the outer wall of rotation post, one side inner wall that rubs the case is run through to the one end of second axis of rotation and extends to the one side that rubs the case, fixed cover is equipped with first belt pulley on the outer wall of second axis of rotation, fixed cover is equipped with the fourth belt pulley on the output shaft of second motor, first belt pulley and fourth belt pulley cover are equipped with same first belt.
Preferably, the conveying assembly comprises a first rotating shaft and a third rotating shaft which are symmetrically and rotatably connected with the inner walls of the two sides of the grinding box, synchronizing wheels are fixedly sleeved on the outer wall of the first rotating shaft and the outer wall of the third rotating shaft respectively, the two synchronizing wheels are sleeved with the same synchronizing belt, one end of the first rotating shaft penetrates through the inner wall of one side of the grinding box and extends into the installation box, a second belt pulley is fixedly sleeved on the outer wall of the first rotating shaft, a third belt pulley is fixedly sleeved on the outer wall of the first grinding roller, the second belt pulley and the third belt pulley are sleeved with the same second belt, and a through hole is formed in the outer wall of one side of the grinding box.
Preferably, the drying assembly comprises a cylinder fixedly connected with the top of the base, a drying box is fixedly mounted at the top of the cylinder, the top and the bottom inner walls of the drying box are rotatably connected with the same rotating roller, a plurality of stirring blades are fixedly connected with the outer wall of the rotating roller, a first motor is fixedly mounted at the top of the base and is positioned in the cylinder, the bottom of the rotating roller penetrates through the bottom inner wall of the drying box and extends into the cylinder, the bottom of the rotating roller is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor, a heating blower is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of one side of the drying box, a conduit is fixedly connected with a hot air outlet of the heating blower, one end of the conduit penetrates through the outer wall of one side of the drying box and extends into the drying box, four rotating rods are rotatably connected with four rotating rods, and four rotating rods are rotatably connected with the same screen box, the inner wall fixedly connected with screen cloth of sieve case, the top fixed mounting of stoving case has the funnel, the funnel is located the sieve case under, the top inner wall of stoving case is run through at the top of live-rollers and extends to top one side, be provided with the drive assembly who drives the motion of sieve case on the live-rollers.
Preferably, the transmission assembly comprises a rotating disc fixedly connected with the top of the rotating roller, a sliding block and one of the sliding blocks are fixedly connected with one side of the top of the rotating disc, one side of the rotating bar is rotatably connected with a pull rod, a strip-shaped hole is formed in the pull rod, and the sliding block is connected with the inner wall of the strip-shaped hole in a sliding mode.
Preferably, the top of the drying box is fixedly provided with an axial flow fan.
Preferably, the bottom of the drying box is provided with a feed opening, the outer wall of the bottom of the drying box is symmetrically and rotatably connected with sealing plates, and one side, close to each other, of each sealing plate is slidably connected with the same strip-shaped plate.
Preferably, a controller is fixedly mounted on one side of the mounting table, and the controller is electrically connected with the first motor, the axial flow fan, the heating blower and the second motor.
A use method of a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder comprises the following steps:
s1, when the hickory nuts need to be ground and dried, firstly, the rotation of a second motor is started through a controller, the rotation of the second motor simultaneously drives a first gear and a fourth belt pulley to rotate, the rotation of the fourth belt pulley drives a first belt to rotate, the rotation of the first belt drives a first belt pulley to rotate, the rotation of the first belt pulley drives a second rotating shaft to rotate, the rotation of the second rotating shaft drives a reamer to rotate, and the rotation of the reamer realizes the function of mincing;
s2, the rotation of the first gear drives the two second gears to rotate oppositely, the opposite rotation of the two second gears drives the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller to rotate oppositely, and the opposite rotation of the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller realizes the grinding function of the pecans;
s3, the first grinding roller rotates and simultaneously drives a third belt pulley to rotate, the third belt pulley rotates and drives a second belt to rotate, the second belt pulley rotates and drives a first rotating shaft to rotate, the first rotating shaft rotates and drives a synchronous wheel to rotate, the synchronous wheel rotates and drives a synchronous belt to rotate, and the synchronous belt rotates to realize the function of conveying walnut powder;
s4, the first motor is started to work through the controller, the rotation of the first motor drives the stirring blades and the rotating disc to rotate, the rotation of the rotating disc achieves the stirring function, powder is prevented from being stuck, drying is more uniform, the rotating disc drives the sliding block to rotate, the sliding block drives the pull rod to move, the pull rod drives the rotating rod to rotate, the rotating rod drives the sieve box to move, and the sieve box moves to improve the screening efficiency;
s5, when the second motor is started, the walnut is led into the mincing box through the blanking hopper to be minced in advance, the minced walnut flows into the grinding box through the blanking pipe to be ground, the ground walnut falls onto the synchronous belt and is conveyed into the sieve box through the synchronous belt, fully ground powder flows into the drying box through screening of the sieve, and the second motor is turned off after all the ground powder is completely ground;
s6, starting a heating blower to work through a controller, continuously conveying generated hot air into a drying box through a guide pipe to dry walnut powder through the work of the heating blower, starting an axial flow fan to work after the heating blower works for a period of time, discharging water vapor out of the box body through the work of the axial flow fan, and closing the axial flow fan to continue drying after the water vapor is discharged;
s7, after drying, closing the heating blower, then manually sliding the strip-shaped plate to remove the sealing of the feed opening, allowing the dried powder to flow out of the feed opening under the rotation of the stirring blades, closing the rotation of the first motor after the dried powder in the drying box completely flows out, and manually taking out the walnut which is not fully ground on the screen.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. when the hickory nuts are required to be ground and dried, firstly, the rotation of a second motor is started through a controller, the rotation of the second motor simultaneously drives a first gear and a fourth belt pulley to rotate, the rotation of the fourth belt pulley drives a first belt to rotate, the rotation of the first belt drives a first belt pulley to rotate, the rotation of the first belt pulley drives a second rotating shaft to rotate, the rotation of the second rotating shaft drives a reamer to rotate, the rotation of the reamer realizes the grinding function, the rotation of the first gear drives two second gears to rotate oppositely, the opposite rotation of the two second gears drives a first grinding roller and a second grinding roller to rotate oppositely, and the opposite rotation of the first grinding roller and the second grinding roller realizes the grinding function of the hickory nuts;
2. the first grinding roller rotates and simultaneously drives the third belt pulley to rotate, the third belt pulley rotates and drives the second belt pulley to rotate, the second belt pulley rotates and drives the second belt pulley to rotate, the first rotating shaft rotates and drives the first rotating shaft to rotate, the synchronous wheel rotates and drives the synchronous belt to rotate, and the function of conveying walnut powder is realized through the rotation of the synchronous belt;
3. the operation of the first motor is started through the controller, the rotation of the first motor drives the stirring blades and the rotating disc to rotate, the rotation of the rotating disc realizes the stirring function, powder is prevented from being stuck, drying is more uniform, the rotation of the rotating disc drives the sliding block to rotate, the rotation of the sliding block drives the pull rod to move, the movement of the pull rod drives the rotating rod to rotate, the rotation of the rotating rod drives the sieve box to move, and the movement of the sieve box improves the screening efficiency;
4. when the second motor is started, the walnut is introduced into the mincing box through the discharging hopper to be pre-minced, the minced walnut flows into the grinding box through the discharging pipe to be ground, the ground walnut falls onto the synchronous belt and is conveyed into the sieve box by the synchronous belt, fully ground powder flows into the drying box through the screening of the sieve, and the second motor is turned off after all the ground powder is completely ground;
5. the heating blower is started to work through the controller, the generated hot air is continuously conveyed into the drying box through the guide pipe to dry the walnut powder through the work of the heating blower, the axial flow fan is started to work after the heating blower works for a period of time, the water vapor is discharged out of the box body through the work of the axial flow fan, and after the water vapor is discharged, the axial flow fan is closed to continue drying;
6. after drying, the work of heating air-blower is closed, then manual slip bar shaped plate removes the sealed to the feed opening, and under stirring vane's rotation, the powder that dries will flow out from the feed opening, and after the powder that dries in the stoving incasement was all flowed out, the rotation of closing first motor to the manual work is taken out and is ground insufficient walnut on the screen cloth.
According to the invention, the walnut kernels are pre-crushed, so that the walnut kernels are ground more fully, the sieve is arranged to filter out particles which are not ground fully, the taste of the walnut powder is improved, the walnut powder is prevented from being agglomerated through stirring and drying, the drying is more uniform, the storage and transportation time of the walnut powder is prolonged, and the quality of the walnut powder is improved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a front sectional structural view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a front sectional structural schematic view of the installation box of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 1 according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic structural diagram of part B in fig. 1 according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion C in fig. 2 according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic top view of the drawbar according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic top view of the sieve box of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a base; 2. an installation table; 3. a controller; 4. grinding a box; 5. a first rotating shaft; 6. a synchronizing wheel; 7. a first grinding roller; 8. a reamer; 9. a discharging pipe; 10. a second rotating shaft; 11. rotating the column; 12. feeding a hopper; 13. a second grinding roller; 14. a third rotating shaft; 15. a synchronous belt; 16. a through hole; 17. a cylinder; 18. a first motor; 19. a drying box; 20. a stirring blade; 21. an axial flow fan; 22. a conduit; 23. heating the blower; 24. mincing box; 25. a first pulley; 26. a first belt; 27. a second pulley; 28. installing a box; 29. a second belt; 30. a second motor; 31. a screen box; 32. a funnel; 33. rotating the rod; 34. screening a screen; 35. a rotating roller; 36. a pull rod; 37. a slider; 38. a first gear; 39. a second gear; 40. a third belt pulley; 41. a strip-shaped hole; 42. rotating the disc; 43. a feeding port; 44. a strip plate; 45. a sealing plate; 46. a fourth pulley.
Detailed Description
Embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the drawings.
Examples
As shown in fig. 1-7, a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder comprises a base 1, the top fixed mounting of base 1 has mount table 2, the top fixed mounting of mount table 2 has grinding box 4, set up grinding assembly in the grinding box 4, the top outer wall fixed mounting of grinding box 4 has grinding box 24, grind the bottom fixedly connected with unloading pipe 9 of box 24, the bottom of unloading pipe 9 runs through the top inner wall of grinding box 4 and extends to in grinding box 4, the top fixed mounting of grinding box 24 has unloading hopper 12, be provided with the subassembly that rubs the walnut kernel in advance in the grinding box 24, be provided with the transport assembly that carries walnut powder in the grinding box 4, one side of mount table 2 is provided with the stoving subassembly that dries the hickory nut powder, one side outer wall fixed connection of grinding box 4 has install bin 28, the top inner wall fixed mounting of install bin 28 has second motor 30.
In the invention, the grinding assembly comprises a first grinding roller 7 and a second grinding roller 13 which are symmetrically and rotatably connected with the inner walls of two sides of a grinding box 4, one ends of the first grinding roller 7 and the second grinding roller 13 penetrate through the inner wall of one side of the grinding box 4 and extend into a mounting box 28, second gears 39 are sleeved on the outer walls of the first grinding roller 7 and the second grinding roller 13, a first gear 38 is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of a second motor 30, and the first gear 38 is respectively meshed with the two second gears 39.
According to the invention, the mincing component comprises the same second rotating shaft 10 which is rotatably connected with the inner walls of two sides of the mincing box 24, the outer wall of the second rotating shaft 10 is fixedly sleeved with a rotating column 11, the outer wall of the rotating column 11 is fixedly connected with a plurality of reamers 8, one end of the second rotating shaft 10 penetrates through the inner wall of one side of the mincing box 24 and extends to one side of the mincing box 24, the outer wall of the second rotating shaft 10 is fixedly sleeved with a first belt pulley 25, the output shaft of the second motor 30 is fixedly sleeved with a fourth belt pulley 46, and the first belt pulley 25 and the fourth belt pulley 46 are sleeved with the same first belt 26.
According to the invention, the conveying assembly comprises a first rotating shaft 5 and a third rotating shaft 14 which are symmetrically and rotatably connected with the inner walls of two sides of the grinding box 4, synchronizing wheels 6 are fixedly sleeved on the outer wall of the first rotating shaft 5 and the outer wall of the third rotating shaft 14, the two synchronizing wheels 6 are sleeved with a same synchronous belt 15, one end of the first rotating shaft 5 penetrates through the inner wall of one side of the grinding box 4 and extends into the mounting box 28, a second belt pulley 27 is fixedly sleeved on the outer wall of the first rotating shaft 5, a third belt pulley 40 is fixedly sleeved on the outer wall of the first grinding roller 7, a same second belt 29 is sleeved on the second belt pulley 27 and the third belt pulley 40, and a through hole 16 is formed in the outer wall of one side of the grinding box 4.
In the invention, the drying component comprises a cylinder 17 fixedly connected with the top of a base 1, a drying box 19 is fixedly arranged on the top of the cylinder 17, the inner walls of the top and the bottom of the drying box 19 are rotatably connected with a same rotating roller 35, the outer wall of the rotating roller 35 is fixedly connected with a plurality of stirring blades 20, a first motor 18 is fixedly arranged on the top of the base 1, the first motor 18 is positioned in the cylinder 17, the bottom of the rotating roller 35 penetrates through the inner wall of the bottom of the drying box 19 and extends into the cylinder 17, the bottom of the rotating roller 35 is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor 18, a heating blower 23 is fixedly arranged on the outer wall of one side of the drying box 19, a duct 22 is fixedly connected with a hot air outlet of the heating blower 23, one end of the duct 22 penetrates through the outer wall of one side of the drying box 19 and extends into the drying, four dwang 33 rotate and are connected with same sieve case 31, and the inner wall fixedly connected with screen cloth 34 of sieve case 31, and the top fixed mounting of stoving case 19 has funnel 32, and funnel 32 is located sieve case 31 under, and the top of live-rollers 35 runs through the top inner wall of stoving case 19 and extends to top one side, is provided with the drive assembly who drives sieve case 31 motion on the live-rollers 35.
In the invention, the transmission assembly comprises a rotating disc 42 fixedly connected with the top of the rotating roller 35, one side of the top of the rotating disc 42 is fixedly connected with a sliding block 37, one side of one rotating rod 33 is rotatably connected with a pull rod 36, a strip-shaped hole 41 is formed in the pull rod 36, and the sliding block 37 is in sliding connection with the inner wall of the strip-shaped hole 41.
In the invention, an axial flow fan 21 is fixedly arranged at the top of the drying box 19.
In the invention, the bottom of the drying box 19 is provided with a feed opening 43, the outer wall of the bottom of the drying box 19 is symmetrically and rotatably connected with sealing plates 45, and one side of each of the two sealing plates 45, which is close to each other, is slidably connected with the same strip-shaped plate 44.
In the invention, a controller 3 is fixedly arranged on one side of a mounting table 2, and the controller 3 is electrically connected with a first motor 18, an axial flow fan 21, a heating blower 23 and a second motor 30.
A use method of a hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder comprises the following steps:
s1, when the hickory nuts need to be ground and dried, firstly, the controller 3 starts the rotation of the second motor 30, the rotation of the second motor 30 simultaneously drives the first gear 38 and the fourth belt pulley 46 to rotate, the rotation of the fourth belt pulley 46 drives the first belt 26 to rotate, the rotation of the first belt 26 drives the first belt pulley 25 to rotate, the rotation of the first belt pulley 25 drives the second rotating shaft 10 to rotate, the rotation of the second rotating shaft 10 drives the reamer 8 to rotate, and the rotation of the reamer 8 realizes the function of mincing;
s2, the rotation of the first gear 38 drives the two second gears 39 to rotate oppositely, the opposite rotation of the two second gears 39 drives the first grinding roller 7 and the second grinding roller 13 to rotate oppositely, and the opposite rotation of the first grinding roller 7 and the second grinding roller 13 realizes the grinding function of the pecans;
s3, the first grinding roller 7 rotates and simultaneously drives the third belt pulley 40 to rotate, the third belt pulley 40 rotates and drives the second belt 29 to rotate, the second belt pulley 27 rotates and is driven by the rotation of the second belt pulley 27 to rotate, the first rotating shaft 5 rotates and is driven by the rotation of the second belt pulley 27, the synchronizing wheel 6 rotates and is driven by the rotation of the first rotating shaft 5, the synchronizing wheel 6 rotates and drives the synchronous belt 15 to rotate, and the function of conveying walnut powder is realized by the rotation of the synchronous belt 15;
s4, the controller 3 starts the first motor 18 to work, the rotation of the first motor 18 drives the stirring blades 20 and the rotating disc 42 to rotate, the rotation of the rotating disc 42 realizes the stirring function, powder is prevented from being agglomerated, drying is more uniform, the rotation of the rotating disc 42 drives the sliding block 37 to rotate, the sliding block 37 rotates to drive the pull rod 36 to move, the pull rod 36 moves to drive the rotating rod 33 to rotate, the rotating rod 33 rotates to drive the sieve box 31 to move, and the sieve box 31 moves to improve the screening efficiency;
s5, when the second motor 30 is started, the walnut is led into the mincing box 24 through the discharging hopper 12 to be minced in advance, the minced walnut flows into the grinding box 4 through the discharging pipe 9 to be ground, the ground walnut falls onto the synchronous belt 15 and is conveyed into the sieve box 31 through the synchronous belt 15, the fully ground powder flows into the drying box 19 through the screening of the sieve 34, and the second motor 30 is turned off after all the ground powder is ground;
s6, the heating blower 23 is started to work through the controller 3, the generated hot air is continuously conveyed into the drying box 19 through the guide pipe 22 by the work of the heating blower 23 to dry the walnut powder, the axial flow fan 21 is started to work after the heating blower 23 works for a period of time, the water vapor is discharged out of the box body by the work of the axial flow fan 21, and after the water vapor is discharged, the axial flow fan 21 is closed to continue drying;
and S7, after drying, turning off the heating blower 23, then manually sliding the strip-shaped plate 44 to remove the seal of the feed opening 43, allowing the dried powder to flow out of the feed opening 43 under the rotation of the stirring blade 20, and after all the dried powder flows out of the drying box 19, turning off the first motor 18, and manually taking out the walnut insufficiently ground on the screen 34.
Finally, it should be noted that: although the present invention has been described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that modifications may be made to the embodiments or portions thereof without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing the pecan powder comprises a base (1) and is characterized in that a mounting table (2) is fixedly mounted at the top of the base (1), a grinding box (4) is fixedly mounted at the top of the mounting table (2), a grinding assembly is arranged in the grinding box (4), a grinding box (24) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the top of the grinding box (4), a discharging pipe (9) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the grinding box (24), the bottom of the discharging pipe (9) penetrates through the inner wall of the top of the grinding box (4) and extends into the grinding box (4), a discharging hopper (12) is fixedly mounted at the top of the grinding box (24), a grinding assembly for grinding walnut kernels in advance is arranged in the grinding box (24), a conveying assembly for conveying the pecan powder is arranged in the grinding box (4), a drying assembly for drying the pecan powder is arranged on one side of the mounting table (2), the grinding device is characterized in that an installation box (28) is fixedly connected to the outer wall of one side of the grinding box (4), and a second motor (30) is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the top of the installation box (28).
2. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing the pecan powder as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grinding assembly comprises a first grinding roller (7) and a second grinding roller (13) which are symmetrically and rotatably connected with the inner walls of two sides of the grinding box (4), one ends of the first grinding roller (7) and the second grinding roller (13) penetrate through the inner wall of one side of the grinding box (4) and extend into the mounting box (28), the outer walls of the first grinding roller (7) and the second grinding roller (13) are sleeved with a second gear (39), an output shaft of the second motor (30) is fixedly sleeved with a first gear (38), and the first gear (38) is respectively meshed with the two second gears (39).
3. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing pecan powder as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grinding assembly comprises a same second rotating shaft (10) rotatably connected with inner walls of two sides of a grinding box (24), a rotating column (11) is fixedly sleeved on an outer wall of the second rotating shaft (10), a plurality of reamers (8) are fixedly connected to an outer wall of the rotating column (11), one end of the second rotating shaft (10) penetrates through an inner wall of one side of the grinding box (24) and extends to one side of the grinding box (24), a first belt pulley (25) is fixedly sleeved on an outer wall of the second rotating shaft (10), a fourth belt pulley (46) is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of the second motor (30), and the first belt pulley (26) and the fourth belt pulley (46) are sleeved with the same first belt (26).
4. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing the pecan powder as claimed in claim 2, wherein the conveying assembly comprises a first rotating shaft (5) and a third rotating shaft (14) which are symmetrically and rotatably connected with the inner walls of two sides of the grinding box (4), the outer wall of the first rotating shaft (5) and the outer wall of the third rotating shaft (14) are fixedly sleeved with synchronizing wheels (6), two synchronizing wheels (6) are sleeved with the same synchronizing belt (15), one end of the first rotating shaft (5) penetrates through the inner wall of one side of the grinding box (4) and extends into the mounting box (28), the outer wall of the first rotating shaft (5) is fixedly sleeved with a second belt pulley (27), the outer wall of the first grinding roller (7) is fixedly sleeved with a third belt pulley (40), the second belt pulley (27) and the third belt pulley (40) are sleeved with a second belt (29), the outer wall of one side of the grinding box (4) is provided with a through hole (16).
5. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing pecan powder as claimed in claim 1, wherein the drying assembly comprises a cylinder (17) fixedly connected with the top of a base (1), a drying box (19) is fixedly mounted on the top of the cylinder (17), the top and bottom inner walls of the drying box (19) are rotatably connected with a same rotating roller (35), the outer wall of the rotating roller (35) is fixedly connected with a plurality of stirring blades (20), a first motor (18) is fixedly mounted on the top of the base (1), the first motor (18) is positioned in the cylinder (17), the bottom of the rotating roller (35) penetrates through the bottom inner wall of the drying box (19) and extends into the cylinder (17), the bottom of the rotating roller (35) is fixedly connected with an output shaft of the first motor (18), a heating blower (23) is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of one side of the drying box (19), the hot gas export fixedly connected with pipe (22) of heating air-blower (23), the one end of pipe (22) runs through one side outer wall of stoving case (19) and extends to in stoving case (19), the top outer wall symmetry of stoving case (19) is rotated and is connected with four dwang (33), four dwang (33) are rotated and are connected with same sieve case (31), the inner wall fixedly connected with screen cloth (34) of sieve case (31), the top fixed mounting of stoving case (19) has funnel (32), funnel (32) are located sieve case (31) under, the top inner wall that stoving case (19) was run through at the top of live-rollers (35) extends to top one side, be provided with the transmission assembly who drives sieve case (31) motion on live-rollers (35).
6. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing the pecan powder as claimed in claim 5, wherein the transmission assembly comprises a rotating disc (42) fixedly connected with the top of the rotating roller (35), a sliding block (37) is fixedly connected with one side of the top of the rotating disc (42), a pull rod (36) is rotatably connected with one side of the rotating rod (33), a strip-shaped hole (41) is formed in the pull rod (36), and the sliding block (37) is slidably connected with the inner wall of the strip-shaped hole (41).
7. The pecan flour milling and drying device for preparing the pecan flour as claimed in claim 5, wherein an axial flow fan (21) is fixedly arranged at the top of the drying box (19).
8. The pecan flour milling and drying device for preparing pecan flour as claimed in claim 5, wherein a feed opening (43) is formed in the bottom of the drying box (19), sealing plates (45) are symmetrically and rotatably connected to the outer wall of the bottom of the drying box (19), and one side, close to each other, of each of the two sealing plates (45) is slidably connected with the same strip-shaped plate (44).
9. The pecan powder grinding and drying device for preparing the pecan powder as claimed in claim 1, wherein a controller (3) is fixedly mounted on one side of the mounting table (2), and the controller (3) is electrically connected with a first motor (18), an axial flow fan (21), a heating blower (23) and a second motor (30).
10. The use method of the pecan flour milling and drying device for preparing the pecan flour as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9, is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, when the hickory nuts need to be ground and dried, firstly, the rotation of a second motor (30) is started through a controller (3), the rotation of the second motor (30) simultaneously drives a first gear (38) and a fourth belt pulley (46) to rotate, the rotation of the fourth belt pulley (46) drives a first belt (26) to rotate, the rotation of the first belt (26) drives a first belt pulley (25) to rotate, the rotation of the first belt pulley (25) drives a second rotating shaft (10) to rotate, the rotation of the second rotating shaft (10) drives a reamer (8) to rotate, and the rotation of the reamer (8) realizes the function of mincing;
s2, the rotation of the first gear (38) drives the two second gears (39) to rotate oppositely, the opposite rotation of the two second gears (39) drives the first grinding roller (7) and the second grinding roller (13) to rotate oppositely, and the opposite rotation of the first grinding roller (7) and the second grinding roller (13) realizes the grinding function of the pecan;
s3, the first grinding roller (7) rotates and simultaneously drives a third belt pulley (40) to rotate, the third belt pulley (40) rotates to drive a second belt (29) to rotate, the second belt (29) rotates to drive a second belt pulley (27) to rotate, the second belt pulley (27) rotates to drive a first rotating shaft (5) to rotate, the first rotating shaft (5) rotates to drive a synchronizing wheel (6) to rotate, the synchronizing wheel (6) rotates to drive a synchronous belt (15) to rotate, and the synchronous belt (15) rotates to realize the function of conveying walnut powder;
s4, the controller (3) is used for starting the first motor (18) to work, the first motor (18) rotates to drive the stirring blades (20) and the rotating disc (42) to rotate, the rotating disc (42) rotates to achieve a stirring function and prevent powder from being agglomerated, drying is more uniform, the rotating disc (42) rotates to drive the sliding block (37) to rotate, the sliding block (37) rotates to drive the pull rod (36) to move, the pull rod (36) moves to drive the rotating rod (33) to rotate, the rotating rod (33) rotates to drive the sieve box (31) to move, and the sieve box (31) moves to improve screening efficiency;
s5, when the second motor (30) is started, the walnut is led into the mincing box (24) through the discharging hopper (12) to be minced in advance, the minced walnut flows into the grinding box (4) through the discharging pipe (9) to be ground, the ground walnut falls onto the synchronous belt (15), the ground walnut is conveyed into the sieve box (31) through the synchronous belt (15), the fully ground powder flows into the drying box (19) through the screening of the sieve (34), and the second motor (30) is turned off after all the ground powder is completely ground;
s6, starting a heating blower (23) to work through a controller (3), continuously conveying generated hot air into a drying box (19) through a guide pipe (22) by the work of the heating blower (23) to dry walnut powder, starting an axial flow fan (21) to work after the heating blower (23) works for a period of time, discharging water vapor out of the box body by the work of the axial flow fan (21), closing the axial flow fan (21) after the water vapor is discharged, and continuing drying;
s7, after drying, the heating blower (23) is turned off, then the sealing of the feed opening (43) is released by manually sliding the strip-shaped plate (44), the dried powder flows out from the feed opening (43) under the rotation of the stirring blade (20), after the dried powder in the drying box (19) flows out completely, the rotation of the first motor (18) is turned off, and the walnut which is not fully ground on the screen (34) is manually taken out.
CN202011154102.0A 2020-10-26 2020-10-26 Hickory nut grinding and drying device for preparing hickory nut powder and using method thereof Pending CN112317088A (en)

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Application publication date: 20210205