CN112295980A - Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module - Google Patents

Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112295980A
CN112295980A CN202011135353.4A CN202011135353A CN112295980A CN 112295980 A CN112295980 A CN 112295980A CN 202011135353 A CN202011135353 A CN 202011135353A CN 112295980 A CN112295980 A CN 112295980A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
photovoltaic
photovoltaic module
motor
worm
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011135353.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘爽
闵济海
雷凌
刘宏钰
姜红杉
刘泱兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Tetra Electronic Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Nanjing Tetra Electronic Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Tetra Electronic Technology Co ltd filed Critical Nanjing Tetra Electronic Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011135353.4A priority Critical patent/CN112295980A/en
Publication of CN112295980A publication Critical patent/CN112295980A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/04Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using rotary operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/001Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members characterised by the type of cleaning tool
    • B08B1/002Brushes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B1/00Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members
    • B08B1/008Cleaning by methods involving the use of tools, brushes, or analogous members using translating operative members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B13/00Accessories or details of general applicability for machines or apparatus for cleaning
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/10Cleaning arrangements
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of a photovoltaic module, which comprises a robot body positioned on the front side of the photovoltaic module, wherein the robot body is connected with an upper cleaning mechanism through a bearing, a support is arranged on the robot body, a lifting device is arranged on the support and connected with a lower cleaning motor, and the lower cleaning motor is connected with a lower cleaning device through a coupler. According to the photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning the two sides of the photovoltaic module, the photovoltaic cleaning robot on the back side of the photovoltaic module is additionally provided with the lower cleaning mechanism, and the cleaning requirements of the traditional photovoltaic module and the double-glass photovoltaic module can be met.

Description

Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module
Technical Field
The invention relates to a photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of a photovoltaic module, and belongs to the field of photovoltaics.
Background
With the large-scale construction of solar photovoltaic power stations, the automatic cleaning robot for the photovoltaic panel is rapidly researched and developed. For traditional photovoltaic module, the generated energy is higher in the same life cycle of dual glass assembly, and wearability, corrosion resistance are stronger, and the cost is lower, and PID decay possibility is littleer, therefore solar photovoltaic power plant uses dual glass assembly more and more.
Compared with the conventional single crystal cell, the double-sided photovoltaic module can generate electricity under the conditions of sunlight directly irradiated from the front side and sunlight reflected light received from the back side, and the back side electricity generation amount accounts for 20% of the total electricity generation amount. Local shadow is easily formed to the unclean easy formation in two glass photovoltaic module backs for a long time, and photovoltaic board hot spot effect that generates heat damages the photovoltaic board, influences the electricity generation. Therefore, the photovoltaic cleaning robot which can clean the back of the photovoltaic module and has the advantages of low cost, convenience in installation and wide environment application range is designed, and a certain engineering value is achieved.
The existing photovoltaic module has the following problems: 1. the cleaning robot which is put into practical application at present is mainly customized according to the traditional photovoltaic panel, the cost is high, meanwhile, the back of a photovoltaic module cannot be cleaned, and the requirement cannot be met; 2. the back of the double-glass photovoltaic assembly is not clean for a long time and is easy to form local shadows, so that the photovoltaic panel is damaged by the heating hot spot effect of the photovoltaic panel, and the photovoltaic panel needs to be manually replaced, thereby influencing the power generation efficiency and the maintenance of the photovoltaic assembly; the back of the photovoltaic module is cleaned and the supporting problem of the cleaning device is solved, and the purlin crossing problem is solved.
Disclosure of Invention
The purpose is as follows: in order to overcome the defects in the prior art, the invention provides the photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning the two sides of the photovoltaic module, the photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning the back side of the photovoltaic module is additionally provided with the lower cleaning mechanism, and the cleaning requirements of the traditional photovoltaic module and the double-glass photovoltaic module can be met.
The technical scheme is as follows: in order to solve the technical problem, the photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of the photovoltaic module comprises a robot body located on the front side of the photovoltaic module, wherein the robot body is connected with an upper cleaning mechanism through a bearing, a support is arranged on the robot body, a lifting device is installed on the support and connected with a lower cleaning motor, and the lower cleaning motor is connected with a lower cleaning device through a coupler.
Preferably, the lifting device comprises a lifting motor, a worm wheel, a worm and an internal thread sleeve, the lifting motor drives the worm wheel to rotate, the worm is installed on the support through a bearing and drives the worm to rotate, the worm is connected with the internal thread sleeve through threads, the internal thread sleeve is installed on the motor support, the lower cleaning motor is installed on the motor support, and the internal thread sleeve is driven to move up and down through the rotation of the worm so as to complete the up-and-down movement of the cleaning motor.
Preferably, the photovoltaic module is provided with a guide rail, one end of the lower cleaning device is positioned in the guide rail, and the guide rail is provided with a groove at the purline of the photovoltaic module.
Preferably, touch switches are installed on two sides of the groove, when the lower cleaning device touches the touch switches, the lifting motor rotates forwards, and when the cleaning device touches the touch switches on the other side, the lifting motor rotates backwards.
Has the advantages that: the photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning the two sides of the photovoltaic module can clean the photovoltaic cleaning robot on the back side of the photovoltaic module, a lower cleaning mechanism is added, and the cleaning requirements of both the traditional photovoltaic module and the double-glass photovoltaic module can be met; aiming at the problem that a flat single shaft and an upright post on the back of a photovoltaic module can not be divided into a whole brush; the mode that the middle track is fixed to the purlin and the machine below cleans the middle of the drive of subassembly both ends is driven is adopted, uses the universal joint shaft coupling to guarantee simultaneously that the below can normally advance when cleaning the slope of subassembly both ends and can not block.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic front view of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the transmission structure of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of a groove structure according to the present invention.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in fig. 1 to 3, the photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning both sides of a photovoltaic module according to the present invention includes a robot body 1 located on the front side of the photovoltaic module 5, the robot body 1 is connected to an upper cleaning mechanism 2 through a bearing, a support 13 is provided on the robot body 1, a lifting device is installed on the support 13, the lifting device is connected to a lower cleaning motor 8, and the lower cleaning motor 8 is connected to the lower cleaning device 3 through a coupling 7.
In the invention, the lifting device comprises a lifting motor 14, a worm wheel 12, a worm 10 and an internal thread sleeve 11, the lifting motor 14 drives the worm wheel 12 to rotate, the worm 10 is installed on a support 13 through a bearing, the worm wheel 12 drives the worm 10 to rotate, the worm 10 is connected with the internal thread sleeve 11 through threads, the internal thread sleeve 11 is installed on a motor support 9, a lower cleaning motor 8 is installed on the motor support 9, and the internal thread sleeve 11 is driven to move up and down through the rotation of the worm 10, so that the up-and-down movement of the cleaning motor is completed. The cleaning motor is fixed on the motor support, the motor support 9 can slide up and down along the machine body sliding groove 15, and the machine body sliding groove has a lower limit to prevent the brush below from falling.
In the invention, a guide rail 4 is arranged on a photovoltaic module 5, one end of a lower cleaning device is positioned in the guide rail 4, a groove 16 is arranged at the purlin 6 of the photovoltaic module 5 on the guide rail 4, a brush rail roller 15 is arranged at one end of the lower cleaning device, and the brush rail roller 15 moves along the guide rail 4. Touch switches are mounted on two sides of the groove 16, when the cleaning device 3 at the lower part touches the touch switches, the lifting motor 14 rotates forwards, and when the cleaning device touches the touch switch at the other side, the lifting motor 14 rotates backwards.
When the cleaning robot is used, the robot body 1 drives the upper cleaning mechanism 2 on the upper surface of the photovoltaic module 5 to move to clean the upper surface, meanwhile, the robot body 1 drives the lifting mechanism through the support 13 to drive the lower cleaning device 3 to move, when the robot meets a purline 6 on the lower surface, the brush track roller 15 touches the touch switch, the lifting motor 14 rotates forwards, the worm 10 drives the internal thread sleeve 11 to rotate, so that the lower cleaning motor 8 moves downwards, when the robot crosses the purline 6, the brush track roller touches the touch switch on the other side, the lifting motor 14 rotates backwards, the lower cleaning motor 8 is driven to move upwards, and the cleaning of the lower surface of the photovoltaic module 5 is continuously completed.
The above description is only of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, and it should be noted that: it will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and adaptations can be made without departing from the principles of the invention and these are intended to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides a can clean photovoltaic of photovoltaic module two-sided cleans machine people which characterized in that: including being located the positive robot body of photovoltaic module, the robot body cleans the mechanism through bearing and top and is connected, is equipped with the support on the robot body, installs elevating gear on the support, and elevating gear cleans the motor with the below and is connected, and the below cleans the motor and passes through the shaft coupling and be connected with below cleaning device.
2. The photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of a photovoltaic module according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the lifting device comprises a lifting motor, a worm wheel, a worm and an internal thread sleeve, the lifting motor drives the worm wheel to rotate, the worm is installed on the support through a bearing, the worm wheel drives the worm to rotate, the worm is connected with the internal thread sleeve through threads, the internal thread sleeve is installed on the motor support, the motor is installed on the motor support in a cleaning mode below, and the internal thread sleeve is driven to move up and down through the rotation of the worm, so that the motor is cleaned up and down.
3. The photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of a photovoltaic module according to claim 1 or 2, is characterized in that: the photovoltaic module is provided with a guide rail, one end of the lower cleaning device is positioned in the guide rail, and the guide rail is provided with a groove at the purline of the photovoltaic module.
4. A photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning both sides of a photovoltaic module according to claim 3, characterized in that: the two sides of the groove are provided with touch switches, when the lower cleaning device touches the touch switches, the lifting motor rotates forwards, and when the other side of the groove touches the touch switch, the lifting motor rotates backwards.
CN202011135353.4A 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module Pending CN112295980A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011135353.4A CN112295980A (en) 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011135353.4A CN112295980A (en) 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112295980A true CN112295980A (en) 2021-02-02

Family

ID=74326931

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011135353.4A Pending CN112295980A (en) 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Photovoltaic cleaning robot capable of cleaning two sides of photovoltaic module

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112295980A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205926385U (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-08 德州豪沃机械制造有限公司 Multi -functional solar cell panel cleaning system
CN209406900U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-09-20 绍兴心越科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic plate dedusting machine device people of active obstacle
CN110877022A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-03-13 南京天创电子技术有限公司 Synchronous vertical lifting device for brush of cleaning robot
WO2020080549A1 (en) * 2018-10-19 2020-04-23 株式会社未来機械 Cleaning robot
CN210876417U (en) * 2019-08-09 2020-06-30 南京飞渡机器人科技有限公司 Light photovoltaic power station cleaning robot
CN210965997U (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-07-10 王仲沛 Surface dust removal device for solar photovoltaic panel

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205926385U (en) * 2016-06-17 2017-02-08 德州豪沃机械制造有限公司 Multi -functional solar cell panel cleaning system
WO2020080549A1 (en) * 2018-10-19 2020-04-23 株式会社未来機械 Cleaning robot
CN209406900U (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-09-20 绍兴心越科技有限公司 A kind of photovoltaic plate dedusting machine device people of active obstacle
CN210876417U (en) * 2019-08-09 2020-06-30 南京飞渡机器人科技有限公司 Light photovoltaic power station cleaning robot
CN110877022A (en) * 2019-10-10 2020-03-13 南京天创电子技术有限公司 Synchronous vertical lifting device for brush of cleaning robot
CN210965997U (en) * 2019-11-19 2020-07-10 王仲沛 Surface dust removal device for solar photovoltaic panel

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