CN112293099A - Constant temperature, constant humidity and constant pressure device for seedling raising room - Google Patents

Constant temperature, constant humidity and constant pressure device for seedling raising room Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112293099A
CN112293099A CN202011121665.XA CN202011121665A CN112293099A CN 112293099 A CN112293099 A CN 112293099A CN 202011121665 A CN202011121665 A CN 202011121665A CN 112293099 A CN112293099 A CN 112293099A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
humidity
pipe
air
constant
hole
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN202011121665.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112293099B (en
Inventor
闫茂仓
胡利华
张炯明
黄贤克
陈星星
王瑶华
张敏
吴佳燕
刘亚南
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Zhejiang Mariculture Research Institute
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Zhejiang Mariculture Research Institute
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Priority to CN202011121665.XA priority Critical patent/CN112293099B/en
Publication of CN112293099A publication Critical patent/CN112293099A/en
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Publication of CN112293099B publication Critical patent/CN112293099B/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/247Watering arrangements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D21/00Measuring or testing not otherwise provided for
    • G01D21/02Measuring two or more variables by means not covered by a single other subclass
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00 characterised by the use of electric means
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a seedling raising room, which is characterized by comprising a detector, a constant temperature and humidity mechanism, a constant pressure mechanism and an air pump for generating high-pressure air, wherein an atomizer and a heater are arranged in a box body, the constant pressure mechanism comprises a control valve and an exhaust pipe, and the control valve is connected with the exhaust pipe so as to control the opening and closing of the exhaust pipe. The invention has the following beneficial effects: the air pump absorbs outdoor air of growing seedlings, and compress, it is indoor to grow seedlings through the guide entering of breather pipe, so that promote indoor atmospheric pressure of growing seedlings, atomizer in the box is with water atomization, it is indoor to grow seedlings along with the air current entering, with the indoor humidity of control seedling, the heater heats the air, with the indoor temperature of control seedling, under the condition that atmospheric pressure is too high, the control valve is with the blast pipe release, in order to reduce atmospheric pressure, thereby automatic control adjusts the temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, make temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure all be in reasonable within range.

Description

Constant temperature, constant humidity and constant pressure device for seedling raising room
Technical Field
The invention relates to a seedling raising device, in particular to a constant-temperature constant-humidity constant-pressure device for a seedling raising chamber.
Background
The seedling raising room is a greenhouse for artificial breeding of marine organism seedlings. The seedling raising room is mostly a standard steel frame greenhouse, and films or plates for isolating the inside and the outside are paved on the greenhouse, so that the greenhouse for cultivating seedlings is formed. At present, greenhouses built in all aquatic product seedling raising places only have the functions of isolation from the outside and partial heat preservation, the technical link concerned by seedling breeding performed by seedling raising practitioners only guarantees the stability of water quality and environment, no people pay attention to the air environment of a seedling raising room, the air environments such as the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure of the seedling raising room directly determine whether the seedlings are raised or not, in order to guarantee smooth seedling raising, the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure of the seedling raising room are in a reasonable range, and therefore smooth metamorphosis and growth and development of fishes, shrimps and seaweeds are guaranteed. In the whole cultivation process, a cultivator needs to manually operate various devices to control the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure in the seedling raising room according to factors such as seedling cultivation, cultivation stage and the like. The artificial management needs a large amount of manpower and material resources, so that the artificial management can be well controlled to ensure a good indoor environment for seedling culture, and the seedling culture method has low production efficiency and is not suitable for large-scale artificial breeding of marine organisms.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects in the prior art, the invention aims to provide a constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a seedling raising room, which can automatically control and adjust the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure so that the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure are in a reasonable range.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: the constant temperature and humidity constant pressure device of the seedling growing chamber comprises a detector, a constant temperature and humidity mechanism, a constant pressure mechanism and an air pump for generating high pressure air, wherein the detector is used for detecting the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure in the seedling growing chamber, the air pump is provided with an air pipe for guiding air to enter the seedling growing chamber, the constant temperature and humidity mechanism comprises a box body, the box body is arranged on the air pipe and connected with a water pipe for connecting a water source, an atomizer and a heater are arranged in the box body, the atomizer is connected with the water pipe and is used for atomizing water, to increase the humidity of the air, a heater for heating the air, a constant pressure mechanism comprising a control valve and an exhaust pipe, the exhaust pipe for exhausting the air in the seedling growing room, the control valve connected with the exhaust pipe, the detector is connected with a controller which is respectively connected with the detector, the air pump, the atomizer, the heater and the control valve.
The invention is further configured to: still including the support, the breather pipe is installed on the support to stretch into and grow seedlings indoor, be provided with a plurality of breather valves on the breather pipe, all install the diffusion tube on the breather valve, the equidistance is provided with a plurality of exhaust holes on the diffusion tube, and the quantity of detector is a plurality of, and a plurality of detectors set up on corresponding breather valve or diffusion tube.
The invention is further configured to: still including the desiccator that is arranged in absorbing moisture in the air, the desiccator is installed on the breather pipe with the box side by side, install the switching-over head on the breather pipe, the switching-over head is provided with first connecting pipe and second connecting pipe, first connecting pipe and second connecting pipe are connected with box and desiccator respectively, the overhead cylinder that is provided with of switching-over, be provided with the telescopic link on the cylinder, the one end of telescopic link stretches into in the switching-over head, and be connected with the piston, in order to drive the piston and remove, thereby seal first connecting pipe or second connecting pipe.
The invention is further configured to: the support is provided with an awning film and an automatic telescopic device for driving the awning film to automatically stretch, the awning film is arranged above the seedling raising room, the automatic telescopic device comprises a motor, a slide rail and a sensor for sensing the illumination intensity, the slide rail is connected with a plurality of film frames in a sliding manner, the awning film is provided with a plurality of connecting pieces, the connecting pieces are respectively connected onto the corresponding film frames, the motor is provided with an output shaft, the output shaft is provided with a first pulley, the slide rail is also provided with a second pulley, the first pulley and the second pulley are sleeved with a connecting rope, the outermost film frame is provided with a driving plate, the driving plate is provided with a chute, the chute is connected with a sliding block, the sliding block is connected with the connecting rope, the controller is respectively electrically connected with the sensor and the motor, when the automatic telescopic device is used, the controller controls the motor to drive the first pulley to rotate according to the illumination intensity, the slide block drives the driving plate and the film frame on the outermost side to move, so that the sun-shading film and other film frames are driven to move.
The invention is further configured to: the slider is provided with the connecting block, and the connecting block passes the spout to threaded connection has the holding block, and the holding block is provided with the through-hole, and the through-hole rotates and is connected with the threaded rod, is provided with the connecting hole on the connecting block, and the through-hole is passed to the one end of threaded rod to with connecting hole threaded connection, all rotate on slider and the holding block and be connected with a plurality of gyro wheels, and a plurality of gyro wheels support respectively and lean on the both sides side of drive plate, are provided with the race that is used.
The invention is further configured to: be provided with membrane groove and fixed orifices on the membrane frame to both ends all articulate there is the fixed block, and the fixed block is provided with fixed slot and bolt hole, and the bolt hole rotates and is connected with fixing bolt, and when using, impresses partial sunshade membrane into the membrane groove with the connecting piece, two fixed blocks of upset, fixing bolt and corresponding fixed orifices threaded connection, with the both ends centre gripping of connecting piece.
The invention is further configured to: the sliding sleeves are fixedly connected to the top surfaces of the film frames, sleeve openings are formed in the sliding sleeves, the sliding rails penetrate through the sleeve openings, guide grooves are formed in the top surfaces, guide wheels are arranged on the inner top surfaces of the sleeve openings, the guide wheels are inserted into the guide grooves and abut against the bottom surfaces of the guide grooves.
The invention is further configured to: one end of the sliding rail is fixed on the support, the other end of the sliding rail is connected with the baffle, a regulating plate and a regulating hole are arranged on the baffle, a threaded hole is formed in the regulating plate, a regulating handle is in threaded connection with the threaded hole, a regulating block is in sliding connection with the regulating hole, the second pulley is rotatably connected to the regulating block, and one end of the regulating handle penetrates through the threaded hole and abuts against the regulating block or is rotatably connected with the regulating block.
The invention is further configured to: the baffle is connected with the support frame, is provided with concertina hole and fastening hole on the support frame, and concertina hole sliding connection has the telescopic link, and the lower extreme of telescopic link is connected with the base, and fastening hole threaded connection has the fastening handle, and the fastening handle is used for leaning on the side of telescopic link to fixed telescopic link.
The invention is further configured to: the slide rail level sets up, and the vertical setting of spout, slide rail are fixed on the top of support, and the mount pad is still installed on the top of support, and the motor is installed on the mount pad.
In conclusion, the invention has the following beneficial effects: the controller is according to the indoor temperature of growing seedlings that the detector detected, humidity and atmospheric pressure control, the atomizer, heater and control valve, the air pump absorbs the outdoor air of growing seedlings, and compress, it is indoor to get into the growing seedlings through the breather pipe guide, so that promote the indoor atmospheric pressure of growing seedlings, when the air passes through the breather pipe, the breather pipe communicates with each other with the box, the atomizer in the box atomizes water, it is indoor to get into the growing seedlings along with the air current, with the indoor humidity of control growing seedlings, the heater heats the air, with the indoor temperature of control growing seedlings, under the too high condition of atmospheric pressure, the control valve will be released the blast pipe, with reduce atmospheric pressure, thereby automatic control adjusts the temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure, make temperature, humidity and atmospheric pressure all be in reasonable.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a connection structure of a constant temperature, humidity and pressure device of a seedling raising room;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the connection structure of the automatic retractable device;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view B of FIG. 3;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a connection structure of the slider;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view showing a connection structure of the film frame;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a connecting body structure of the sliding sleeve;
fig. 8 is a schematic view of a connection structure of the support frame.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples. In which like parts are designated by like reference numerals. It should be noted that the terms "front," "back," "left," "right," "upper" and "lower" used in the following description refer to directions in the drawings, and the terms "bottom" and "top," "inner" and "outer" refer to directions toward and away from, respectively, the geometric center of a particular component.
Referring to fig. 1-8, the constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for nursery room comprises a detector 15, a constant temperature and humidity mechanism 13, a constant pressure mechanism 14 and an air pump 141 for generating high pressure air, wherein the detector 15 is used for detecting the temperature, humidity and air pressure in the nursery room, the air pump 141 is provided with an air pipe 142 for guiding air to enter the nursery room, the constant temperature and humidity mechanism 13 comprises a box body 131, the box body 131 is installed on the air pipe 142, the box body 131 is connected with a water pipe 132 for connecting a water source, the box body 131 is internally provided with an atomizer 133 and a heater 134, the atomizer 133 is connected with the water pipe 132, the atomizer 133 is used for atomizing water to increase the humidity of the air, the heater 134 is used for heating the air, the constant pressure mechanism 14 comprises a control valve 143 and an exhaust pipe 144, the exhaust pipe 144 is used for exhausting the air in the nursery room, the control valve 143, the detector 15 is connected with a controller 153, and the controller 153 is respectively connected with the detector 15, the air pump 141, the atomizer 133, the heater 134 and the control valve 143.
Through the above scheme, the controller 153 controls 141, the atomizer 133, the heater 134 and the control valve 143 according to the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure in the seedling growing chamber detected by the detector 15, the air pump 141 absorbs the air outside the seedling growing chamber and compresses the air, the air is guided into the seedling growing chamber through the vent pipe 142 so as to increase the air pressure in the seedling growing chamber, when the air passes through the vent pipe 142, the vent pipe 142 is communicated with the box body 131, the atomizer 133 in the box body 131 atomizes the water and enters the seedling growing chamber along with the air flow so as to control the humidity in the seedling growing chamber, the heater 134 heats the air so as to control the temperature in the seedling growing chamber, under the condition of overhigh air pressure, the control valve 143 releases the vent pipe 144 so as to reduce the air pressure, thereby automatically controlling and adjusting the temperature, the humidity and the air pressure, and.
As a modified specific implementation mode, the device also comprises a support 1, wherein the vent pipe 142 is installed on the support 1 and extends into the seedling raising room, a plurality of vent valves 145 are arranged on the vent pipe 142, diffusing pipes 151 are installed on the vent valves 145, a plurality of vent holes 152 are equidistantly arranged on the diffusing pipes 151, the number of the detectors 15 is multiple, and the detectors 15 are arranged on the corresponding vent valves 145 or diffusing pipes 151.
Through above-mentioned scheme, through data such as the temperature that a plurality of detectors 15 detected respectively, humidity and atmospheric pressure, control corresponding breather valve 145 and open and close or adjust the velocity of flow to each region to seedling growing indoor carries out reasonable regulation, so that cultivate multiple seedling in seedling growing indoor simultaneously.
As an improved specific embodiment, the air conditioner further comprises a moisture absorber 6 for absorbing moisture in air, the moisture absorber 6 is mounted on the air pipe 142 side by side with the box 131, the air pipe 142 is mounted with a reversing head 61, the reversing head 61 is provided with a first connecting pipe 62 and a second connecting pipe 63, the first connecting pipe 62 and the second connecting pipe 63 are respectively connected with the box 131 and the moisture absorber 6, the reversing head 61 is provided with a cylinder 64, the cylinder 64 is provided with a telescopic rod 641, one end of the telescopic rod 641 extends into the reversing head 61 and is connected with a piston 65 to drive the piston 65 to move, so as to close the first connecting pipe 62 or the second connecting pipe 63.
Through the above scheme, the cylinder 64 is electrically connected with the controller 153, and according to the humidity detected by the detector 15, the cylinder 64 drives the piston 65 to move, and the first connecting pipe 62 or the second connecting pipe 63 are sealed by controlling the piston 65, so that the vent pipe 142 is communicated with the box body 131 or the moisture absorber 6, air with sufficient moisture or without moisture is selected to enter the seedling raising chamber, and the humidity in the seedling raising chamber is controlled to be constant. The moisture absorber 6 is a cooling and dehumidifying device or is internally provided with a drying agent to remove moisture in the air, so as to obtain dry air to reduce the humidity in the seedling growing room.
As an improved specific embodiment, the support 1 is provided with the sunshade film 2 and an automatic telescopic device for driving the sunshade film 2 to automatically stretch and retract, the sunshade film 2 is arranged above the seedling raising room, the automatic telescopic device comprises a motor 11, a slide rail 3 and a sensor 12 for sensing the illumination intensity, the slide rail 3 is slidably connected with a plurality of film frames 4, the sunshade film 2 is provided with a plurality of connecting pieces 21, the connecting pieces 21 are respectively connected with the corresponding film frames 4, the motor 11 is provided with an output shaft 111, the output shaft 111 is provided with a first pulley 5, the slide rail 3 is also provided with a second pulley 31, the first pulley 5 and the second pulley 31 are sleeved with a connecting rope 51, the outermost film frame 4 is provided with a driving plate 41, the driving plate 41 is provided with a sliding chute 411, the sliding chute 411 is slidably connected with a sliding block 42, the sliding block 42 is connected with the connecting rope 51, the controller 153 is respectively electrically connected with the sensor 12 and the, when the sun shading film is used, the controller 153 controls the motor 11 to drive the first pulley 5 to rotate according to the illumination intensity sensed by the sensor 12, the first pulley 5 drives the connecting rope 51 to rotate, and the slide block 42 drives the driving plate 41 and the outermost film frame 4 to move, so that the sun shading film 2 and other film frames 4 are driven to move.
Through above-mentioned scheme, when growing seedlings, illumination also need control, and reasonable illumination is favorable to growing seedlings, and it is flexible to drive the sunshade membrane according to the illumination condition is automatic to automatic control nursery room illumination environment is in suitable state. And under the condition of overhigh temperature, the sun shading can be beneficial to reducing the temperature in the seedling raising room. When using, the output shaft 111 on the illumination intensity control motor 11 that controller 153 sensed according to sensor 12 rotates, rotate with the first pulley 5 of drive, first pulley 5 drives and connects rope 51 to rotate, make and connect rope 51 to drive slider 42 and remove, slider 42 promotes drive plate 41 and removes, it removes to drive the membrane frame 4 in the outside, thereby drive other membrane frames 4 through sunshade membrane 2 and outwards remove, or promote other membrane frames 4 and move back, thereby it is flexible according to the automatic drive sunshade membrane of illumination condition, it is in suitable state with automatic control nursery cabinet illumination environment. The connecting rope 51 is a steel rope wound with steel wires, is firm and durable, and can increase friction force so as to be driven by the first pulley 5. The first pulley 5 is provided with a pattern for increasing friction to drive the connecting rope 51.
As a modified specific embodiment, the sliding block 42 is provided with a connecting block 421, the connecting block 421 passes through the sliding slot 411 and is in threaded connection with a fastening block 43, the fastening block 43 is provided with a through hole 431, the through hole 431 is rotatably connected with a threaded rod 432, a connecting hole 422 is arranged on the connecting block 421, one end of the threaded rod 432 passes through the through hole 431 and is in threaded connection with the connecting hole 422, a plurality of rollers 423 are rotatably connected on the sliding block 42 and the fastening block 43, the rollers 423 abut against two side faces of the driving plate 41 respectively, and wheel grooves 412 for guiding the rollers 423 are arranged on the two side faces of the driving plate 41.
Through the scheme, the threaded rod 432 is rotated, the driving plate 41 is clamped by the sliding block 42 and the fastening block 43, so that the connection is stable, and the driving plate 41 is not easy to loosen when being pushed to move left and right. And the rollers 423 are slid up and down in the pulley grooves 412 on both side surfaces of the driving plate 41, and the pulley grooves 412 are parallel to the slide groove 41, so that the slider 42 can be smoothly slid in the length direction of the slide groove 41. The roller is beneficial to reducing friction, so that the sliding is more stable, and the service life is prolonged.
As a modified specific embodiment, the film frame 4 is provided with a film groove 44 and fixing holes 441, and both ends are hinged with fixing blocks 45, the fixing blocks 45 are provided with fixing grooves 451 and bolt holes 452, the bolt holes 452 are rotatably connected with fixing bolts 454, when in use, the connecting piece 21 is used for pressing part of the sunshade film 2 into the film groove 44, the two fixing blocks 45 are turned over, and the fixing bolts 454 are in threaded connection with the corresponding fixing holes 441 to clamp both ends of the connecting piece 21.
Through the scheme, when the sunshade film frame is used, an operator presses part of the sunshade film 2 into the film groove 44 through the connecting piece 21, the two fixing blocks 45 are overturned, the fixing bolts 454 are in threaded connection with the corresponding fixing holes 441, the two ends of the connecting piece 21 are clamped, the sunshade film 2 is fixed on the film frame 4, and the sunshade film frame is convenient to detach and replace after the sunshade film 2 is damaged. The connecting piece 21 is matched with the film groove 44, so that the sunshade film 2 is not easy to loosen.
As a modified embodiment, a sliding sleeve 46 is fixedly connected to the top surface of each of the plurality of film frames 4, the sliding sleeve 46 is provided with a sleeve opening 461, the sliding rail 3 passes through the sleeve opening 461, and the top surface is provided with a guide groove 442, the inner top surface of the sleeve opening 461 is provided with a guide wheel 42, and the guide wheel 42 is inserted into the guide groove 442 and abuts against the bottom surface of the guide groove 442.
Through the scheme, the sliding sleeve 46 is sleeved on the sliding rail 3 and is not easy to separate. The guide wheel 42 can reduce friction, so that the movement of the film frame 4 is more smooth. The guide groove 442 may function to guide the guide wheel 42, so that the structure is stable and is not easily loosened.
As a modified specific implementation mode, one end of the sliding rail 3 is fixed on the bracket 1, the other end of the sliding rail 3 is connected with the baffle 32, the baffle 32 is provided with an adjusting plate 33 and an adjusting hole 321, the adjusting plate 33 is provided with a threaded hole 331, the threaded hole 331 is in threaded connection with an adjusting handle 332, the adjusting hole 321 is in sliding connection with an adjusting block 322, the second pulley 31 is rotatably connected on the adjusting block 322, and one end of the adjusting handle 332 penetrates through the threaded hole 331 and abuts against the adjusting block 322 or is rotatably connected with the adjusting block 322.
Through above-mentioned scheme, the operator rotates adjustment handle 332, and the length that control adjustment handle 332 stretched into to adjust the interval between regulating block 322 and the regulating plate 33, remove second pulley 31 and will connect rope 51 tensioning, avoid connecting rope 51 not hard up, ensure the even running of device.
As a modified specific embodiment, the baffle 32 is connected with a support frame 34, a telescopic hole 341 and a fastening hole 342 are arranged on the support frame 34, the telescopic hole 341 is slidably connected with a telescopic rod 35, the lower end of the telescopic rod 35 is connected with a base 351, the fastening hole 342 is in threaded connection with a fastening handle 343, and the fastening handle 343 is used for abutting against the side surface of the telescopic rod 35 to fix the telescopic rod 35.
Through above-mentioned scheme, the operator stretches out suitable length with telescopic link 35, supports with base 351, rotates fastening handle 343, and the one end of fastening handle 343 stretches into telescopic hole 341 in to support and lean on the side of telescopic link 35, fix telescopic link 35, thereby cooperation support 1 supports the both ends of slide rail 3, makes slide rail 3 more firm. The support frame 34 can be telescopically adjusted to be convenient for being applied to uneven ground.
As a modified specific embodiment, the sliding rail 3 is horizontally arranged, the sliding groove 411 is vertically arranged, the sliding rail 3 is fixed at the top end of the bracket 1, the mounting seat 112 is further installed at the top end of the bracket 1, and the motor 11 is installed on the mounting seat 112.
Through above-mentioned scheme, 3 horizontal settings of slide rail for sunshade membrane 2 can shelter from sunshine furthest. The chute 411 is vertically arranged, so that the sliding block 42 can move up and down conveniently. Slide rail 3 fixes on the top of support 1, ensures the effect of sheltering from, stable in structure.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and all technical solutions belonging to the idea of the present invention belong to the protection scope of the present invention. It should be noted that modifications and embellishments within the scope of the invention may occur to those skilled in the art without departing from the principle of the invention, and are considered to be within the scope of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. Constant temperature and humidity constant pressure device of seedling raising room, characterized by: including detector (15), constant temperature and humidity mechanism (13), constant pressure mechanism (14) and air pump (141) that are used for generating highly-compressed air, detector (15) are used for surveying indoor temperature, humidity and the atmospheric pressure of growing seedlings, be provided with breather pipe (142) that are used for guiding the air admission room of growing seedlings on air pump (141), constant temperature and humidity mechanism (13) are including box (131), install on breather pipe (142) box (131), box (131) are connected with water pipe (132) that are used for connecting the water source, be provided with atomizer (133) and heater (134) in box (131), atomizer (133) are connected with water pipe (132), atomizer (133) are used for atomizing water to increase the humidity of air, heater (134) are used for heating air, constant pressure mechanism (14) are including control valve (143) and blast pipe (144), the air exhaust pipe (144) is used for exhausting air in the seedling raising room, the control valve (143) is connected with the air exhaust pipe (144) to control opening and closing of the air exhaust pipe (144), the detector (15) is connected with the controller (153), and the controller (153) is connected with the detector (15), the air pump (141), the atomizer (133), the heater (134) and the control valve (143) respectively.
2. A constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 1, which is characterized in that: still including support (1), breather pipe (142) are installed on support (1) to stretch into and grow seedlings indoor, be provided with a plurality of breather valves (145) on breather pipe (142), all install diffuser pipe (151) on breather valve (145), the equidistance is provided with a plurality of exhaust holes (152) on diffuser pipe (151), the quantity of detector (15) is a plurality of, and a plurality of detector (15) set up on corresponding breather valve (145) or diffuser pipe (151).
3. A constant temperature, constant humidity and constant pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that: still including being arranged in absorbing moisture's among the air desiccator (6), desiccator (6) are installed on breather pipe (142) side by side with box (131), install switching-over head (61) on breather pipe (142), switching-over head (61) is provided with first connecting pipe (62) and second connecting pipe (63), first connecting pipe (62) and second connecting pipe (63) are connected with box (131) and desiccator (6) respectively, be provided with cylinder (64) on switching-over head (61), be provided with telescopic link (641) on cylinder (64), the one end of telescopic link (641) is stretched into in switching-over head (61) to be connected with piston (65) to drive piston (65) and remove, thereby seal first connecting pipe (62) or second connecting pipe (63).
4. A constant temperature, constant humidity and constant pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that: the automatic telescopic device is characterized in that a sunshade film (2) and an automatic telescopic device used for driving the sunshade film (2) to automatically stretch are mounted on the support (1), the sunshade film (2) is arranged above the seedling raising room, the automatic telescopic device comprises a motor (11), a sliding rail (3) and a sensor (12) used for sensing illumination intensity, the sliding rail (3) is connected with a plurality of film frames (4) in a sliding mode, a plurality of connecting pieces (21) are arranged on the sunshade film (2), the connecting pieces (21) are connected to the corresponding film frames (4) respectively, the motor (11) is provided with an output shaft (111), a first pulley (5) is mounted on the output shaft (111), a second pulley (31) is further mounted on the sliding rail (3), a connecting rope (51) is sleeved on the first pulley (5) and the second pulley (31), and a driving plate (41) is arranged on the film frame (4) on the outermost side, drive plate (41) are provided with spout (411), spout (411) sliding connection has slider (42), slider (42) are connected with being connected rope (51), controller (153) are connected with sensor (12) and motor (11) electricity respectively, and when using, first pulley (5) of illumination intensity control motor (11) drive rotation that sensor (12) sensed is controlled in controller (153), and first pulley (5) drive is connected rope (51) and is rotated, and slider (42) drive plate (41) and outside membrane frame (4) remove to drive sunshade membrane (2) and other membrane frame (4) remove.
5. A constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that: slider (42) are provided with connecting block (421), connecting block (421) pass spout (411) to threaded connection has fastening block (43), fastening block (43) are provided with through-hole (431), through-hole (431) rotate and are connected with threaded rod (432), be provided with connecting hole (422) on connecting block (421), through-hole (431) are passed to the one end of threaded rod (432) to with connecting hole (422) threaded connection, all rotate on slider (42) and fastening block (43) and be connected with a plurality of gyro wheels (423), it is a plurality of gyro wheel (423) support respectively on the both sides side of drive plate (41), be provided with race (412) that are used for guide roller (423) on the both sides side of drive plate (41).
6. A constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that: be provided with membrane groove (44) and fixed orifices (441) on membrane frame (4) to both ends all articulate there are fixed block (45), fixed block (45) are provided with fixed slot (451) and bolt hole (452), bolt hole (452) rotate and are connected with fixing bolt (454), and when using, impress partial sunshade membrane (2) in membrane groove (44) with connecting piece (21), two fixed blocks (45) of upset, fixing bolt (454) and corresponding fixed orifices (441) threaded connection, with the both ends centre gripping of connecting piece (21).
7. A constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that: it is a plurality of equal fixedly connected with sliding sleeve (46) on the top surface on membrane frame (4), sliding sleeve (46) are provided with cover mouthful (461), slide rail (3) pass cover mouthful (461) to be provided with guide way (442) on the top surface, be provided with leading wheel (42) on the interior top surface of cover mouthful (461), leading wheel (42) insert guide way (442) to lean on the bottom surface of guide way (442).
8. A constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 7, wherein: the one end of slide rail (3) is fixed on support (1), the other end of slide rail (3) is connected with baffle (32), be provided with regulating plate (33) and regulation hole (321) on baffle (32), be provided with screw hole (331) on regulating plate (33), screw hole (331) threaded connection has adjustment handle (332), regulation hole (321) sliding connection has regulating block (322), second pulley (31) rotate to be connected on regulating block (322), screw hole (331) are passed to the one end of adjustment handle (332) to support and lean on regulating block (322), or rotate with regulating block (322) and be connected.
9. A constant temperature, humidity and pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 8, wherein: the telescopic handle is characterized in that the baffle (32) is connected with a supporting frame (34), a telescopic hole (341) and a fastening hole (342) are formed in the supporting frame (34), the telescopic hole (341) is connected with a telescopic rod (35) in a sliding mode, the lower end of the telescopic rod (35) is connected with a base (351), the fastening hole (342) is connected with a fastening handle (343) in a threaded mode, and the fastening handle (343) is used for abutting against the side face of the telescopic rod (35) to fix the telescopic rod (35).
10. A constant temperature, constant humidity and constant pressure device for a nursery room as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that: slide rail (3) level setting, the vertical setting of spout (411), the top at support (1) is fixed in slide rail (3), mount pad (112) are still installed on the top of support (1), install on mount pad (112) motor (11).
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