CN112279654B - Preparation method of ceramic tile with geometric texture and ceramic tile - Google Patents

Preparation method of ceramic tile with geometric texture and ceramic tile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112279654B
CN112279654B CN202011546446.6A CN202011546446A CN112279654B CN 112279654 B CN112279654 B CN 112279654B CN 202011546446 A CN202011546446 A CN 202011546446A CN 112279654 B CN112279654 B CN 112279654B
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geometric texture
geometric
ceramic tile
black
layer
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CN112279654A (en
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朱志刚
吴贤祺
熊林海
苏振
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Foshan Pinweixian Ceramics Co ltd
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Foshan Pinweixian Ceramics Co ltd
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B33/00Clay-wares
    • C04B33/24Manufacture of porcelain or white ware
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/52Multiple coating or impregnating multiple coating or impregnating with the same composition or with compositions only differing in the concentration of the constituents, is classified as single coating or impregnation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/89Coating or impregnation for obtaining at least two superposed coatings having different compositions

Abstract

The invention discloses a preparation method of a ceramic tile with geometric textures and the ceramic tile, which comprises the following steps: A. mixing the ceramic bottom material raw material and the black pigment to obtain a black bottom material with the water content of 13-15%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to obtain white granules, adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granules, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture; B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank; C. and printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller printing. The preparation method of the ceramic tile with the geometric textures combines the effects of brightness and matte to be presented on the surface of the ceramic tile, and simultaneously can present texture of a blank body.

Description

Preparation method of ceramic tile with geometric texture and ceramic tile
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of architectural ceramics, in particular to a preparation method of a ceramic tile with geometric textures and the ceramic tile.
Background
The ceramic tile has delicate appearance and various patterns, can realize beautiful decorative effect, and is always popular with consumers. The existing ceramic tile decoration method is generally to apply surface glaze on the surface of a blank body, apply protective glaze after printing patterns by ink jet, decorate by the patterns printed by ink, but the patterns are easy to appear fuzzy and unclear under the glaze, and because the protective glaze is applied on the whole surface, the decoration effect is single, the effect of combining brightness and matte can not be realized, and if the decoration effect is presented by the texture of the blank body, the stereoscopic impression is poor, and the decoration effect is single, the existing ceramic tile decoration method also uses the carved ink to combine with the matte glaze to obtain the brightness and matte effect, but because the matte glaze is applied, the matte glaze presents an opaque state, the texture under the glaze can not be reflected, if the blank body has texture, the carved ink is directly printed, when the carved ink is poked open, the texture on the surface of the blank body can disturb the pattern of the carved ink, and the texture of the blank body can not be realized, The combination of the bright surface and the matte texture, the ceramic tile has poor stereoscopic impression, poor integral texture and single effect.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the problems brought forward by the background technology, the invention aims to provide a preparation method of a ceramic tile with geometric textures, which combines the effects of bright and matte to present on the surface of the ceramic tile, can present texture of a green body, and solves the problem that the existing preparation method of the ceramic tile cannot combine the texture, the surface bright and matte texture of the green body.
The invention also aims to provide the ceramic tile prepared by the preparation method of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture, which has good overall texture, strong stereoscopic impression, rich layering, bright and matte effects, and solves the problems of poor stereoscopic impression, poor overall texture and single effect of the existing ceramic tile.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
a method of making a ceramic tile having geometric texture comprising the steps of:
A. mixing the ceramic bottom material raw material and the black pigment to obtain a black bottom material with the water content of 13-15%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to obtain white granules, adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granules, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank;
E. printing geometric texture patterns on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an inkjet manner;
F. and drying and firing to obtain the ceramic tile with geometric texture.
In a further description, in the mixture obtained in the step a, the white particles are 60 to 80% of the dry weight of the black matrix.
In the step A, the particle size of the white granular material is 1-2 mm.
In the step D, the glazing amount of the matte transparent glaze is 400-450 g/m2
Further, in the step D, flash dry particles are added to the matte transparent glaze;
the mesh number of the flash dry particles is 120-250 meshes, and the mass ratio of the flash dry particles to the matte transparent glaze is (5-10): 100.
Further, the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same in shape;
the geometric texture is in any one of a diamond shape, a regular hexagon shape, a square shape and a rectangular shape.
Further, the ratio of the sizes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E is 1: (20-30).
The ceramic tile with the geometric texture is prepared by the preparation method of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture and sequentially comprises a primer layer, a fabric layer, a matte transparent glaze layer, a high-brightness ink pattern layer and a color ink pattern layer from bottom to top, wherein the surface of the fabric layer is provided with the concave-convex geometric texture pattern.
Furthermore, the ceramic tile with the geometric texture has the thickness of 8-10 mm, the width of 600mm and the length of 1200 mm.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. by preparing the spot green body, the whole brick surface is gray black due to the fact that the whole spot green body is mainly made of the black base material and the white granular material is made of the white granular material, the brick surface is guaranteed to be gray black, the geometrical texture pattern with the highlight effect printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E is matched with the geometrical texture pattern with the highlight effect printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E to be gray black, the geometrical texture pattern printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E is in a reflective bright effect in a visual effect, and the bright effect is better under the support of the gray black color of the bottom layer, so that the brick surface is natural in effect and good in texture;
2. the overall surface of the spot green body is printed with the concave-convex geometric texture patterns, so that the overall texture of the brick surface is effectively enhanced, the concave-convex geometric texture of the spot green body can be shown through the matte transparent glaze distributed in the step D, and the brightness effect of the geometric texture patterns printed in the step E is matched, so that the brick surface has rich three-dimensional sense and obvious layering sense;
3. through the matte transparent glaze can with the unsmooth geometric texture of spot body appears, and because the surface is the matte effect, with the bright effect of the geometric texture pattern that step E printed cooperatees for the brick face has bright and matte effect simultaneously, when combining the effect of bright and matte and appearing in the brick face, can present the texture of body, and whole visual effect is abundant.
Detailed Description
A method of making a ceramic tile having geometric texture comprising the steps of:
A. mixing the ceramic bottom material raw material and the black pigment to obtain a black bottom material with the water content of 13-15%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to obtain white granules, adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granules, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank;
E. printing geometric texture patterns on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an inkjet manner;
F. and drying and firing to obtain the ceramic tile with geometric texture.
The ceramic base material is conventional ceramic base material.
By preparing the spot green body, the whole brick surface is gray black due to the fact that the whole spot green body is mainly made of the black base material and the white granular material is made of the white granular material, the brick surface is guaranteed to be gray black, the geometrical texture pattern with the highlight effect printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E is matched with the geometrical texture pattern with the highlight effect printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E to be gray black, the geometrical texture pattern printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E is in a reflective bright effect in a visual effect, and the bright effect is better under the support of the gray black color of the bottom layer, so that the brick surface is natural in effect and good in texture;
the overall surface of the spot green body is printed with the concave-convex geometric texture patterns, so that the overall texture of the brick surface is effectively enhanced, the concave-convex geometric texture of the spot green body can be shown through the matte transparent glaze distributed in the step D, and the brightness effect of the geometric texture patterns printed in the step E is matched, so that the brick surface has rich three-dimensional sense and obvious layering sense;
through the matte transparent glaze can with the unsmooth geometric texture of spot body appears, and because the surface is the matte effect, with the bright effect of the geometric texture pattern that step E printed cooperatees for the brick face has bright and matte effect simultaneously, when combining the effect of bright and matte and appearing in the brick face, can present the texture of body, and whole visual effect is abundant.
In addition, by limiting the water content of the black matrix, if the water content of the black matrix is too high, the white particle materials are easy to settle to the bottom of the black matrix, so that the surface particle feeling of the prepared ceramic tile with geometric textures is weak, the texture is poor, and if the water content of the black matrix is too low, the white particle materials are easy to agglomerate and disperse unevenly in the mixing process of the black matrix.
Preferably, in the step C, an edge portion of the geometric texture pattern is concave, and a middle portion of the geometric texture pattern is convex.
And C, printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through roller printing, wherein the positions, which are concave at the edge parts, of the geometric texture patterns are darker colors, and the positions, which are convex at the middle parts, of the geometric texture patterns are brighter colors due to the effect of visual effect, so that the texture and the stereoscopic impression are effectively improved.
In a further description, in the mixture obtained in the step a, the white particles are 60 to 80% of the dry weight of the black matrix.
In the mixture obtained in the step A, if the addition amount of the white granular material is too small, the speckle effect of the speckle green body is not obvious, the whole surface of the brick body is close to black, the stereoscopic impression of the geometric texture pattern printed in the step C is reduced, and if the addition amount of the white granular material is too large, the whole surface of the brick body is close to white, so that the brightness effect of the geometric texture pattern printed by ink-jet printing in the step E is not obvious.
In the step A, the particle size of the white granular material is 1-2 mm.
In the step A, the white granular materials are added into the black base material and uniformly mixed to obtain a mixed material, the white granular materials are distributed in the mixed material, the whole brick surface presents a grey black color, if the grain size of the white granular materials is too large, the texture and the fineness of the brick surface are influenced, and if the grain size of the white granular materials is too small, agglomeration is easy to occur in the mixing process, so that the distribution in the black base material is not uniform, and the spot uniformity of the brick surface is poor.
In the step D, the glazing amount of the matte transparent glaze is 400-450 g/m2
According to the invention, the texture of the spot blank can be presented by applying a layer of the matte transparent glaze, and the matte transparent glaze is matched with the geometric texture pattern printed by the high-brightness ink in an inkjet manner to form a bright and matte effect.
Preferably, in the step D, flash dry particles are further added to the matte transparent glaze;
the mesh number of the flash dry particles is 120-250 meshes, and the mass ratio of the flash dry particles to the matte transparent glaze is (5-10): 100.
In the step D, through add in the matte transparent glaze the dry grain of flash of light for the brick face has the flash of light effect, just the mesh number of the dry grain of flash of light is 120 ~ 250 meshes, makes the dry grain of flash of light is in disperse evenly in the matte transparent glaze, demonstrate the flash of light effect of dispersion, the cooperation the bright effect of the geometric texture pattern that step E printed for the brick face has bright and matte effect when having the flash of light effect, and whole visual effect is abundant.
Preferably, between the step E and the step F, a step G of inkjet printing a geometric texture pattern with color ink, where the geometric texture pattern printed in the step G partially overlaps with the geometric texture pattern printed in the step E, and the color ink is white matte ink.
Through step G prints geometric texture pattern with the color ink inkjet, just the geometric texture pattern that step G printed with the geometric texture pattern part that step E printed overlaps, because the color ink is white matte ink, the geometric texture pattern that step G printed presents the effect of matte, the geometric texture pattern that step E printed presents bright effect, and both parts overlap, form bright and matte crisscross effect, have effectively increased the richness and the stereovision of texture effect.
Further, the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same in shape;
the geometric texture is in any one of a diamond shape, a regular hexagon shape, a square shape and a rectangular shape.
The shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, and the step C prints concave-convex geometric texture patterns through the roller, the concave-convex geometric texture patterns are displayed through the matte transparent glaze, the stereoscopic impression is strong, the geometric texture patterns correspond to the geometric texture patterns printed in the step E on the surface, and the overall stereoscopic impression of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture is improved.
Preferably, the geometric texture patterns in the steps C, E and G are the same in shape;
the geometric texture is in any one of a diamond shape, a regular hexagon shape, a square shape and a rectangular shape.
The shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C, the step E and the step G are the same, and the geometric texture patterns printed by the roller printing in the step C are concave-convex geometric texture patterns, are shown through the matte transparent glaze, have strong stereoscopic impression, correspond to the geometric texture patterns printed in the step E and the geometric texture patterns printed in the step G on the surface, and improve the overall stereoscopic impression of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture.
Preferably, the ratio of the sizes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E is 1: (20-30).
And C, the size of the geometric texture pattern in the step C is the minimum, the geometric texture pattern of the whole surface is formed on the bottom layer, the texture of the whole surface of the brick surface is improved, and meanwhile, the geometric texture pattern in the step E on the surface layer is large, so that the geometric texture pattern of the bottom layer corresponds to the geometric texture pattern of the pattern to form an enlarged three-dimensional effect, and the layering effect and the three-dimensional effect are strong.
Preferably, the ratio of the sizes of the geometric texture patterns in the steps C, E and G is 1: (20-30): (35-40).
And C, the size of the geometric texture pattern in the step C is the minimum, the geometric texture pattern of the whole surface is formed on the bottom layer, the texture of the whole surface of the brick surface is improved, and meanwhile, the geometric texture patterns in the step E and the step G on the surface layer are large, so that the pattern amplification three-dimensional effect is formed corresponding to the geometric texture pattern of the bottom layer, and the layering effect and the three-dimensional effect are strong.
The ceramic tile with the geometric texture is prepared by the preparation method of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture and sequentially comprises a primer layer, a fabric layer, a matte transparent glaze layer, a high-brightness ink pattern layer and a color ink pattern layer from bottom to top, wherein the surface of the fabric layer is provided with the concave-convex geometric texture pattern.
The texture of the green body of the ceramic tile prepared by the preparation method of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture can be displayed, the overall texture of the tile surface is good, the stereoscopic impression is strong, the layering sense is rich, the ceramic tile has the effects of brightness and matte, and the problems of poor stereoscopic impression, poor overall texture and single effect of the conventional ceramic tile are solved.
Furthermore, the ceramic tile with the geometric texture has the thickness of 8-10 mm, the width of 600mm and the length of 1200 mm.
The prepared ceramic tile with the geometric texture has a large surface, and the large surface enables the ceramic tile with the geometric texture to embody richer details, has a more complete and stereoscopic texture pattern effect and improves the overall visual perception due to the good overall texture and the strong stereoscopic impression of the surface of the ceramic tile.
The technical solution of the present invention is further explained by the following embodiments.
In order to facilitate an understanding of the present invention, a more complete description of the present invention is provided below. The present invention may be embodied in many different forms and is not limited to the embodiments described herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete.
The examples, where specific techniques or conditions are not indicated, are to be construed according to the techniques or conditions described in the literature in the art or according to the product specifications. The reagents or instruments used are not indicated by the manufacturer, and are all conventional products commercially available.
Example 1
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 13%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 60% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 400g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an inkjet mode, wherein the shape of the geometric texture pattern in the step C is the same as that of the geometric texture pattern in the step E, the shape of the geometric texture pattern in the step C is a diamond shape, and the ratio of the sizes of the geometric texture pattern in the step C to that of the geometric texture pattern in the step E is 1: 20;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Example 2
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 14%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 70% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 25;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Example 3
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 15%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 2 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 80% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 30, of a nitrogen-containing gas;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
The ceramic tile with the geometric textures prepared by the embodiments 1-3 has the advantages that the whole tile surface is gray black, the three-dimensional textures of the green body can be seen by naked eyes, the texture is good, the light reflection brightness effect of the geometric texture patterns printed by ink-jet printing in the surface step E and the matte effect of the whole tile surface can be obviously observed, the stereoscopic impression is strong, the obvious layering effect is achieved, and the decoration effect is rich.
Example 4
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 14%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 70% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank, adding flash dry particles into the matte transparent glaze, wherein the mesh number of the flash dry particles is 120-250 meshes, the mass ratio of the flash dry particles to the matte transparent glaze is 8:100, and the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 30, of a nitrogen-containing gas;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Example 5
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 14%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 70% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing geometric texture patterns on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an inkjet manner;
G. printing a geometric texture pattern by using color ink (specifically white matte ink) in an ink jet mode, wherein the geometric texture pattern printed in the step G is partially overlapped with the geometric texture pattern printed in the step E, the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the steps C, E and G are the same, the geometric texture is in a regular hexagon shape, and the ratio of the sizes of the geometric texture patterns in the steps C, E and G is 1: 25: 35;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
The ceramic tile prepared in the embodiment 4 has the dispersed flashing effect due to the addition of the flashing dry particles in the matte transparent glaze, and has rich overall visual effect by matching the brightness effect of the geometric texture pattern printed in the step E and the three-dimensional texture presented by the green body;
in embodiment 5, the geometric texture pattern printed in step G is partially overlapped with the geometric texture pattern printed in step E, so that the geometric texture pattern printed in step G has a matte effect, the geometric texture pattern printed in step E has a bright effect, and the two patterns are partially overlapped to form a bright and matte staggered effect, thereby achieving abundant tile surface texture effects and strong layering.
Comparative example 1
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 18%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 70% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 25;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Comparative example 2
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 10%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 70% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 25;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Comparative example 3
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 14%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 90% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 25;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Comparative example 4
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 14%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain diameter of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 50% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 420g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 25;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
Comparative example 5
A method for preparing a ceramic tile with geometric textures comprises the following steps:
A. mixing a ceramic bottom material raw material and a black pigment to prepare a black bottom material with the water content of 14%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to prepare a white granular material (the grain size of the prepared white granular material is 1 mm), adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granular material, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture, wherein the white granular material in the mixture is 70% of the dry weight of the black bottom material according to the weight percentage;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank body, wherein the glazing amount is 500g/m2
E. Printing a geometric texture pattern on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an ink-jet mode, wherein the shapes of the geometric texture patterns in the step C and the step E are the same, the geometric texture patterns are regular hexagons, and the size ratio of the geometric texture patterns in the step C to the geometric texture patterns in the step E is 1: 25;
F. drying, firing, and firing at 1180 deg.C for 60min to obtain ceramic tile with geometric texture.
In comparative example 1, the water content of the black matrix is too high, so that when the black matrix and the white granular material are mixed, the white granular material is easy to settle to the bottom of the black matrix, and the brick body can be observed by naked eyes to have weak granular feeling and poor texture; comparative example 2 because the water content of the black bed charge is too low, the white particle material is difficult to disperse uniformly in the mixing process of the black bed charge, and is easy to agglomerate, and the agglomerated white spots on the surface part of the brick can be observed to influence the whole visual effect;
in the comparative example 3, in the process of preparing the mixture in the step A, the addition amount of the white granular material is too much, so that the brick surface is closer to white, and the bright effect of the geometric texture pattern printed by the ink-jet printing in the step E is not obvious by naked eyes; comparative example 4 in the process of preparing the mixture in the step a, the addition amount of the white granular material is too small, the spot effect of the spot green body is not obvious, the whole surface of the brick body is nearly black, and the texture and the stereoscopic impression are poor;
in the comparative example 5, the glaze layer is too thick due to too large glazing amount, the stereoscopic impression of the concave-convex geometric texture of the spot blank body is poor through the matte transparent glaze, the visual observation is fuzzy, and the decorative effect of the ceramic tile is influenced.
The technical features of the embodiments described above may be arbitrarily combined, and for the sake of brevity, all possible combinations of the technical features in the embodiments described above are not described, but should be considered as being within the scope of the present specification as long as there is no contradiction between the combinations of the technical features.
The above-mentioned embodiments only express several embodiments of the present invention, and the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but not construed as limiting the scope of the invention. It should be noted that, for a person skilled in the art, several variations and modifications can be made without departing from the inventive concept, which falls within the scope of the present invention. Therefore, the protection scope of the present patent shall be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (8)

1. A method for making a ceramic tile having geometric texture, comprising the steps of:
A. mixing the ceramic bottom material raw material and the black pigment to obtain a black bottom material with the water content of 13-15%, performing pressure granulation on the ceramic bottom material raw material and the white pigment to obtain white granules, adding a part of the black bottom material into the white granules, and uniformly mixing to obtain a mixture;
B. distributing the rest black base material to obtain a base material layer, distributing the mixture on the surface of the base material layer to obtain a surface material layer, and pressing and drying to obtain a spot blank;
C. printing concave-convex geometric texture patterns on the whole surface of the spot blank body through a roller;
D. applying matte transparent glaze on the surface of the spot blank, wherein the glazing amount of the matte transparent glaze is 400-450 g/m2
E. Printing geometric texture patterns on the surface of the matte transparent glaze by using high-brightness ink in an inkjet manner;
F. and drying and firing to obtain the ceramic tile with geometric texture.
2. The method for preparing ceramic tiles with geometric textures as claimed in claim 1, wherein in the mixture obtained in the step A, the white particles account for 60-80% of the dry weight of the black matrix in percentage by weight.
3. The method for preparing ceramic tile with geometric texture as claimed in claim 1, wherein in step A, the particle size of the white particles is 1-2 mm.
4. The method for preparing ceramic tile with geometric texture as claimed in claim 1, wherein in step D, flash dry particles are added in the matt transparent glaze;
the mesh number of the flash dry particles is 120-250 meshes, and the mass ratio of the flash dry particles to the matte transparent glaze is (5-10): 100.
5. The method for preparing ceramic tiles with geometric texture according to claim 1, wherein the geometric texture patterns in step C and step E are the same in shape;
the geometric texture is in any one of a diamond shape, a regular hexagon shape, a square shape and a rectangular shape.
6. The method for preparing ceramic tiles with geometric texture according to claim 1, wherein the ratio of the sizes of the geometric texture patterns in the steps C and E is 1: (20-30).
7. The ceramic tile with the geometric texture is prepared by the preparation method of the ceramic tile with the geometric texture as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 6, and sequentially comprises a primer layer, a surface material layer, a matte transparent glaze layer, a high-brightness ink pattern layer and a color ink pattern layer from bottom to top, wherein the surface of the surface material layer is provided with the geometric texture patterns with the concave and the convex.
8. The ceramic tile with geometric texture as claimed in claim 7, wherein the ceramic tile with geometric texture has a thickness of 8-10 mm, a width of 600mm and a length of 1200 mm.
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Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107685383A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-13 广东博华陶瓷有限公司 A kind of production technology of Antique Imitation Tiles ceramics
CN110883909A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-17 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Preparation process and production system of landscape brick with imitated natural texture

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107685383A (en) * 2017-09-18 2018-02-13 广东博华陶瓷有限公司 A kind of production technology of Antique Imitation Tiles ceramics
CN110883909A (en) * 2019-12-11 2020-03-17 佛山市东鹏陶瓷有限公司 Preparation process and production system of landscape brick with imitated natural texture

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