CN112246326A - Preparation device and use method of composite nano ZnO cement cementing material - Google Patents

Preparation device and use method of composite nano ZnO cement cementing material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112246326A
CN112246326A CN202011029399.8A CN202011029399A CN112246326A CN 112246326 A CN112246326 A CN 112246326A CN 202011029399 A CN202011029399 A CN 202011029399A CN 112246326 A CN112246326 A CN 112246326A
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raw materials
rod
insection
cement
composite nano
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
欧阳勇
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Jiangxi Modern Polytechnic College
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Jiangxi Modern Polytechnic College
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Priority to CN202011029399.8A priority Critical patent/CN112246326A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/02Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers
    • B02C4/08Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with two or more rollers with co-operating corrugated or toothed crushing-rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/14Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with more than one separator
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/10Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member
    • B02C4/26Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills with a roller co-operating with a stationary member in the form of a grid or grating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/286Feeding devices
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/30Shape or construction of rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C4/00Crushing or disintegrating by roller mills
    • B02C4/28Details
    • B02C4/42Driving mechanisms; Roller speed control
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B08CLEANING
    • B08BCLEANING IN GENERAL; PREVENTION OF FOULING IN GENERAL
    • B08B9/00Cleaning hollow articles by methods or apparatus specially adapted thereto 
    • B08B9/08Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks
    • B08B9/087Cleaning containers, e.g. tanks by methods involving the use of tools, e.g. brushes, scrapers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/08Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions using driven mechanical means affecting the mixing
    • B28C5/0806Details; Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B28WORKING CEMENT, CLAY, OR STONE
    • B28CPREPARING CLAY; PRODUCING MIXTURES CONTAINING CLAY OR CEMENTITIOUS MATERIAL, e.g. PLASTER
    • B28C5/00Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions
    • B28C5/08Apparatus or methods for producing mixtures of cement with other substances, e.g. slurries, mortars, porous or fibrous compositions using driven mechanical means affecting the mixing
    • B28C5/10Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing
    • B28C5/12Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing with stirrers sweeping through the materials, e.g. with incorporated feeding or discharging means or with oscillating stirrers
    • B28C5/16Mixing in containers not actuated to effect the mixing with stirrers sweeping through the materials, e.g. with incorporated feeding or discharging means or with oscillating stirrers the stirrers having motion about a vertical or steeply inclined axis
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B7/00Hydraulic cements
    • C04B7/24Cements from oil shales, residues or waste other than slag
    • C04B7/26Cements from oil shales, residues or waste other than slag from raw materials containing flue dust, i.e. fly ash
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B7/00Hydraulic cements
    • C04B7/36Manufacture of hydraulic cements in general
    • C04B7/48Clinker treatment
    • C04B7/52Grinding ; After-treatment of ground cement
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B7/00Hydraulic cements
    • C04B7/36Manufacture of hydraulic cements in general
    • C04B7/48Clinker treatment
    • C04B7/52Grinding ; After-treatment of ground cement
    • C04B7/522After-treatment of ground cement
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • B02C2023/165Screen denying egress of oversize material
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/10Production of cement, e.g. improving or optimising the production methods; Cement grinding

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Ceramic Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Mixers Of The Rotary Stirring Type (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to a preparation device of a composite nano ZnO cement cementing material and a use method thereof. According to the invention, under the action of a feeding mechanism, raw materials enter the body through a feeding port, and a rotating shaft is rotated under the transmission action of a belt by electrifying a first servo motor; through the meshing effect of first insection post and second insection post, make first insection post and second insection post rotate in opposite directions to make first insection post and second insection post carry out the breakage, the subsequent processing of the body of being convenient for to the raw materials. The invention can preprocess the raw material after the raw material enters the body, is convenient for the later crushing work and improves the working efficiency.

Description

Preparation device and use method of composite nano ZnO cement cementing material
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of cement gelled materials, in particular to a preparation device of a composite nano ZnO cement gelled material and a using method thereof.
Background
Cementitious materials, also known as cements. Under the physical and chemical action, it can be changed into firm stone-like body from slurry, and can be used for binding other materials so as to obtain the invented composite solid material with a certain mechanical strength. In civil engineering materials, any material capable of binding granular or block materials into a whole through a series of physical and chemical changes is collectively called a cementitious material.
The prior preparation device of cement gelled materials has the following problems: when the cement cementing material is prepared, a large-scale mechanical tool is required, the operation is difficult, and the use is inconvenient; meanwhile, the function of the device is incomplete, complex manual intervention is needed, the working efficiency is reduced, and the waste of human resources is caused; in addition, the cement grinding aid cannot have a good grinding effect on raw materials, and the performance of the cement cementing material at the later stage is easily influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problem that the performance of the cement binding material at the later stage is easily influenced because the prior preparation device for the cement binding material cannot have good crushing effect on raw materials.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:
the invention provides a preparation device of a composite nano ZnO cement cementing material, which comprises a body, wherein the top end of the body is fixedly connected with a feeding hopper, the bottom end of the body is fixedly provided with a bottom plate, the bottom of the bottom plate is fixedly connected with a support column, the top of the body is provided with a feeding mechanism, the feeding mechanism comprises a first servo motor, the bottom end of the first servo motor is fixedly connected with a bearing plate, the positive end surface of the first servo motor is connected with a connecting rod, the outer wall of the connecting rod is sleeved with a belt, and the inner wall of the other side of the belt is connected with a rotating shaft;
the utility model discloses a grinding machine, including axis of rotation, outer wall cover, first insection post, one side meshing connection of first insection post has second insection post, the transverse axis of first insection post with the transverse axis of connecting rod coincides mutually, the transverse axis of first insection post with the transverse axis of second insection post coincides mutually, grinding mechanism is installed to the bottom of second insection post, grinding mechanism's bottom is connected with screening mechanism, mixing mechanism is installed to one side of body.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the first servo motor forms a transmission structure through the connecting rod, the belt, the rotating shaft and the first insection column, and the first insection column forms a rotating structure through the rotating shaft and the second insection column.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the grinding mechanism comprises a limiting block, the bodies on one side of the limiting block are fixedly connected, the limiting block is symmetrically arranged relative to the central axis of the bodies, the bottom end of the limiting block is connected with a bushing plate in a fitting manner, the two sides of the bushing plate are fixedly connected with the limiting block, the inner part of the bushing plate is equidistantly provided with a plurality of bushings which are arranged at intervals, the surface of the bushing plate is movably connected with a grinding rod, the horizontal axis of the grinding rod is coincident with the horizontal axis of the bushing plate, one side of the grinding rod is provided with a movable shaft, the positive end surface of the movable shaft is movably connected with an outer mounting rod, the inner wall of the outer mounting rod is fixedly provided with an inner baffle, the other side of the inner baffle is jointed with the body, one side of the mounting outer rod is fixedly connected with a connecting outer plate, the inner side of the connecting outer plate is fixedly provided with an electric telescopic rod, and the other side of the electric telescopic rod is fixedly connected with the body.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the outer installation rod passes through the loose axle with the grinding rod constitutes the active structure, the outer installation rod passes through electric telescopic handle with the grinding rod constitutes transmission structure.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
screening mechanism includes the arch screen cloth, the arch screen cloth with the body is fixed connection, the accumulator is installed in the outside of arch screen cloth, the outside of accumulator is connected with the storage chamber, the outside movable mounting in storage chamber has the connection lid, the bottom fixed mounting of arch screen cloth has the slant slide, the circulation groove has been seted up to one side of slant slide.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the accumulator is provided with two sets of with the axis symmetry of storage chamber about the arch screen cloth, the axis of arch screen cloth coincides mutually with the axis of body.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the mixing mechanism comprises a stirring barrel, the top of the stirring barrel is connected with a circulation groove, one side of the stirring barrel is provided with a second servo motor, one side of the second servo motor is connected with a rotating rod, the outer wall of the rotating rod is movably provided with a first bearing, the other side of the first bearing is movably connected with a second bearing, the second bearing is movably connected with the outer wall of the rotating rod, the outer wall of the rotating rod is fixedly provided with an extension rod, the top end of the extension rod is fixedly connected with a stirring plate, and the outer side of the extension rod is fixedly provided with a side extension rod;
the opposite side fixedly connected with scraper blade of side extension pole, the opposite side of scraper blade is connected for the laminating with the inner wall of agitator, the bottom fixed mounting of agitator has the discharge gate, the axis of discharge gate with the axis of agitator coincides mutually, the bottom swing joint of discharge gate has sealed lid, the internally mounted of discharge gate has control flap.
As a further description of the above technical solution:
the rotating rod forms a rotating structure through the first bearing, the second bearing and the stirring barrel, and the central axis of the stirring barrel coincides with the central axis of the stirring plate.
The invention also provides a use method of the preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement cementing material, which comprises the following steps:
step 1: weighing and proportioning the raw materials, and feeding the raw materials into the body through a feeding hopper;
step 2: the first insection column and the second insection column crush and feed the raw materials;
and step 3: crushing the crushed raw materials by a grinding rod, and making the crushed raw materials flow downwards through a leakage groove;
and 4, step 4: screening the crushed raw materials by using an arched screen, and removing the raw materials which do not conform to the size;
and 5: the raw materials pass through the slant slide and get into the agitator, carry out intensive mixing to the raw materials stirring and evenly to through the discharge gate ejection of compact.
The step 1 specifically comprises:
according to the weight ratio of the raw materials, 25% of cement clinker, 30% of slag powder, 17% of coal ash, 10% of gypsum, 8% of limestone, 5% of iron ore and 5% of zinc oxide are weighed respectively, and the raw materials are fed into the body through a feeding hopper;
the step 2 specifically comprises:
in the body, a first servo motor is electrified to enable a first insection column and a second insection column to break and feed raw materials;
the step 3 specifically includes:
the crushed raw materials fall on the surface of the bushing plate, and are crushed by the grinding rod under the action of the movable shaft through the electric telescopic rod, and the crushed raw materials flow downwards through the leakage groove;
the step 4 specifically includes:
the crushed raw materials flow downwards through the arch-shaped screen, and the raw materials which are not completely crushed fall into the recovery tank under the action of the arch-shaped screen, so that the crushed raw materials are screened and removed;
the step 5 specifically includes:
inside kibbling raw materials got into the agitator through the slant slide, through the second servo motor circular telegram, made stirring board and scraper blade carry out the intensive mixing to the inside raw materials of agitator under the effect of bull stick, made raw materials stirring intensive mixing even to carry out the ejection of compact through the discharge gate.
In conclusion, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1. according to the invention, under the action of the feeding mechanism, raw materials enter the body through the feeding port, and the rotating shaft is rotated under the transmission action of the belt by electrifying the first servo motor. Through the meshing effect of first insection post and second insection post, make first insection post and second insection post rotate in opposite directions to make first insection post and second insection post carry out the breakage, the subsequent processing of the body of being convenient for to the raw materials. This setting can make the raw materials carry out the preliminary treatment after getting into the body is inside, makes things convenient for the crushing work in later stage, has improved work efficiency.
2. According to the invention, under the action of the grinding mechanism, the raw materials crushed by the first insection column and the second insection column fall on the surface of the bushing plate, the electric telescopic rod is electrified to enable the installation outer rod to drive the grinding rod to roll through the movable shaft, and then the grinding rod rolls and grinds the raw materials on the surface of the bushing plate, so that the raw materials are thoroughly crushed. Under the action of the leakage groove, the crushed raw materials flow downwards through the leakage groove, so that the grinding rod always crushes the raw materials on the surface of the leakage plate. Through this setting, can make the raw materials obtain abundant smashing, intensive mixing when the later stage of being convenient for is prepared prevents that the granule nature raw materials from producing the interference to the preparation.
3. In the invention, under the action of the screening mechanism, the arch-shaped screen screens the crushed raw materials at the bottom of the bushing plate. Under the arch effect, the raw materials that make not pass through the arch screen cloth slide to both sides to make the particulate raw materials that thoroughly smash not drop at the storage chamber through the accumulator, the user of being convenient for carries out the regrinding utilization. Through this kind of setting, can carry out the secondary screening to kibbling raw materials, ensure the high quality of cement binding material preparation, the strict control entering of particulate raw materials to through collecting the particulate raw materials, effectively practiced thrift the cost.
4. In the invention, under the action of the mixing mechanism, the rotating rod is rotated by electrifying the second servo motor. Under the effect of first bearing and second bearing, make the stirring board carry out intensive mixing to the raw materials of agitator inside to make raw materials misce bene, guaranteed cement binding material's high quality. Under the effect of scraper blade, can scrape the agitator inner wall, avoided long-term use raw materials at the agitator inner wall built-up, prolonged the life of device, guaranteed the result of use.
Additional features and advantages of the disclosure will be set forth in the description which follows, or in part may be learned by the practice of the above-described techniques of the disclosure, or may be learned by practice of the disclosure.
In order to make the aforementioned and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention comprehensible, preferred embodiments accompanied with figures are described in detail below.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of a device for preparing a composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a feeding mechanism in the apparatus for preparing composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a grinding mechanism in the apparatus for preparing composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a screening mechanism in the apparatus for preparing composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a mixing mechanism in the apparatus for preparing a composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to the present invention.
Description of the main symbols:
Figure BDA0002703204010000051
Figure BDA0002703204010000061
Detailed Description
To facilitate an understanding of the invention, the invention will now be described more fully with reference to the accompanying drawings. Preferred embodiments of the present invention are shown in the drawings. This invention may, however, be embodied in many different forms and should not be construed as limited to the embodiments set forth herein. Rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention belongs. The terminology used in the description of the invention herein is for the purpose of describing particular embodiments only and is not intended to be limiting of the invention. As used herein, the term "and/or" includes any and all combinations of one or more of the associated listed items.
The existing cement binding material preparation device can not have good crushing effect on raw materials, and can easily influence the performance of the cement binding material in the later period.
In order to solve the technical problem, the present invention provides a preparation apparatus of composite nano ZnO cement binding material, referring to fig. 1 to 5, the preparation apparatus of composite nano ZnO cement binding material provided by the present invention comprises a body 1, a feeding hopper 2, a bottom plate 3, a supporting column 4, a feeding mechanism 5, a first servo motor 501, a bearing plate 502, a connecting rod 503, a belt 504, a rotating shaft 505, a first insection column 506, a second insection column 507, a grinding mechanism 6, a limiting block 601, a leakage plate 602, a leakage groove 603, a grinding rod 604, a movable shaft 605, an outer installation rod 606, an inner baffle 607, an outer connection plate 608, an electric telescopic rod 609, a screening mechanism 7, an arch-shaped screen 701, a recovery groove 702, a storage cavity 703, a connection cover 704, an oblique sliding plate 705, a circulation groove 706, a mixing mechanism 8, a stirring barrel 801, a second servo motor 802, a rotating rod 803, a first bearing 804, a second bearing 805, a rotating rod, External connecting rod 806, stirring plate 807, side connecting rods 808, scraping plate 809, discharge hole 810, sealing cover 811 and control valve 812.
Specifically, the top end fixedly connected with of body 1 goes into hopper 2, and the bottom fixed mounting of body 1 has bottom plate 3. The bottom of the bottom plate 3 is fixedly connected with a support column 4, and the top of the body 1 is provided with a feeding mechanism 5.
Wherein, feed mechanism 5 includes first servo motor 501, and the bottom fixedly connected with loading board 502 of first servo motor 501, the positive terminal surface of first servo motor 501 is connected with connecting rod 503. A belt 504 is sleeved on the outer wall of the connecting rod 503, and a rotating shaft 505 is connected to the inner wall of the other side of the belt 504.
In addition, a first insection column 506 is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating shaft 505, and a second insection column 507 is engaged with one side of the first insection column 506. The transverse axis of the first insection post 506 coincides with the transverse axis of the connecting rod 503, and the transverse axis of the first insection post 506 coincides with the transverse axis of the second insection post 507.
Meanwhile, the bottom of the second insection post 507 is mounted with a grinding mechanism 6. The bottom of the grinding mechanism 6 is connected with a screening mechanism 7, and one side of the body 1 is provided with a mixing mechanism 8. The first insection column 506 and the second insection column 507 are used for crushing the raw material, so that the body 1 can be conveniently subjected to subsequent treatment, and the raw material can be pretreated after entering the inside of the body 1.
In this embodiment, the first servo motor 501 forms a transmission structure through the connecting rod 503, the belt 504, the rotating shaft 505 and the first insection column 506. The first toothed column 506 forms a rotating structure with the second toothed column 507 through the rotating shaft 505. In actual operation, the rotating shaft 505 is rotated by the transmission action of the belt 504, and the first indented column 506 and the second indented column 507 are rotated in opposite directions by the meshing action of the first indented column 506 and the second indented column 507.
Specifically, the grinding mechanism 6 includes a limiting block 601, and one side of the limiting block 601 is fixedly connected to the body 1. Wherein, the stopper 601 is provided with two sets of about the axis symmetry of body 1, and the bottom laminating of stopper 601 is connected with bushing 602, is fixed connection between the both sides of bushing 602 and the stopper 601. In addition, the inner part of the nozzle plate 602 is provided with a plurality of nozzle slots 603 at equal intervals, and the surface of the nozzle plate 602 is movably connected with a grinding rod 604. The horizontal axis of the grinding rod 604 coincides with the horizontal axis of the bushing 602, and a movable shaft 605 is mounted on one side of the grinding rod 604.
Furthermore, an outer mounting rod 606 is movably connected to the positive end surface of the movable shaft 605, and an inner baffle 607 is fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the outer mounting rod 606. The other side of the inner baffle 607 is attached to the body 1, and one side of the outer rod 606 is fixedly connected with a connecting outer plate 608. An electric telescopic rod 609 is fixedly installed on the inner side of the connecting outer plate 608, and the other side of the electric telescopic rod 609 is fixedly connected with the body 1. It will be appreciated that the crushed material may be caused to flow downwardly through the chute 603 by the action of the chute 603, thereby causing the grinding rods 604 to always crush the material at the surface of the bushing 602.
Meanwhile, the mounting outer rod 606 and the grinding rod 604 form a movable structure through the movable shaft 605, and the mounting outer rod 606 and the grinding rod 604 form a transmission structure through the electric telescopic rod 609. In practical application, the grinding rod 604 can sufficiently crush the raw materials, so that the raw materials can be sufficiently mixed in later preparation, and the influence of the granular raw materials on the preparation can be prevented.
Specifically, the screening mechanism 7 includes an arch screen 701, the arch screen 701 is fixedly connected to the body 1, and a recovery tank 702 is installed outside the arch screen 701. A storage chamber 703 is connected to the outside of the recovery tank 702, and a connection cover 704 is movably attached to the outside of the storage chamber 703. An inclined sliding plate 705 is fixedly installed at the bottom of the arched screen 701, and a flow groove 706 is formed in one side of the inclined sliding plate 705. In practical application, the storage cavity 703 is convenient for secondary crushing and utilization by collecting the granular raw materials, and the production cost is effectively reduced.
In this embodiment, two sets of the recovery tank 702 and the storage chamber 703 are symmetrically arranged about the central axis of the arch screen 701, and the central axis of the arch screen 701 coincides with the central axis of the body 1. It can be understood that, in practical application, under the arch action of the arch screen 701, the raw material which does not pass through the arch screen 701 can slide down to two sides, so that the particulate raw material which is not completely crushed can fall into the storage chamber 703 through the recovery tank 702, and the user can conveniently carry out secondary crushing utilization.
The mixing mechanism 8 comprises a stirring barrel 801, and a circulation groove 706 is connected to the top of the stirring barrel 801. A second servo motor 802 is installed on one side of the mixing tank 801, and a rotating rod 803 is connected to one side of the second servo motor 802. A first bearing 804 is movably mounted on the outer wall of the rotating rod 803, and a second bearing 805 is movably connected to the other side of the first bearing 804.
In this embodiment, the second bearing 805 is movably connected to the outer wall of the rotating rod 803, and an external connecting rod 806 is fixedly mounted on the outer wall of the rotating rod 803. The top end of the external connecting rod 806 is fixedly connected with a stirring plate 807, and the outer side of the external connecting rod 806 is fixedly provided with a side connecting rod 808. The other side of the side connecting rod 808 is fixedly connected with a scraping plate 809, and the other side of the scraping plate 809 is in fit connection with the inner wall of the stirring barrel 801.
The bottom end of the stirring barrel 801 is fixedly provided with a discharge hole 810, and the central axis of the discharge hole 810 coincides with the central axis of the stirring barrel 801. The bottom of discharge gate 810 is swing joint has sealed lid 811, and the internally mounted of discharge gate 810 has control valve 812. In practical application, under the effect of scraper 809, can scrape the agitator 801 inner wall, avoided long-term use raw materials at agitator 801 inner wall built-up, prolonged the life of device, guaranteed the result of use.
In this embodiment, the rotating rod 803 forms a rotating structure with the stirring barrel 801 through the first bearing 804 and the second bearing 805, and the central axis of the stirring barrel 801 coincides with the central axis of the stirring plate 807. In practical application, under the action of the first bearing 804 and the second bearing 805, the stirring plate 807 fully stirs the raw materials in the stirring barrel 801, so that the raw materials are uniformly mixed, and the high quality of the cement cementing material is ensured.
The invention also provides a use method of the preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement binding material, which mainly comprises 5 steps:
step 1: the raw materials are weighed and proportioned, and fed into the body 1 through the feeding hopper 2.
Specifically, step 1 specifically comprises the following steps:
weighing 25% of cement clinker, 30% of slag powder, 17% of coal ash, 10% of gypsum, 8% of limestone, 5% of iron ore and 5% of zinc oxide according to the weight ratio, and feeding the cement clinker into the body 1 through the feeding hopper 2;
step 2: the first corrugated column 506 and the second corrugated column 507 crush and feed the raw materials.
Specifically, the step 2 is as follows:
inside the main body 1, the first servo motor 501 is energized to crush and feed the raw material by the first toothed column 506 and the second toothed column 507.
And step 3: the crushed raw material is crushed by the grinding rod 604 and flows downward through the leakage groove 603.
Specifically, step 3 is as follows:
the crushed raw material falls on the surface of the nozzle plate 602, and is crushed by the grinding rod 604 through the electric telescopic rod 609 by the action of the movable shaft 605, and the crushed raw material flows downward through the nozzle 603.
And 4, step 4: the arch-shaped screen 701 screens the crushed raw materials and rejects the raw materials which do not conform to the size.
Specifically, step 4 is as follows:
kibbling raw materials pass through arch screen 701 downflow, and the effect that does not thoroughly kibbling raw materials receive arch screen 701 drops at accumulator 702 to kibbling raw materials screening, reject the raw materials that do not conform to the size, and be convenient for carry out reuse to not thoroughly kibbling raw materials.
And 5: the raw materials enter the stirring barrel 801 through the oblique sliding plate 705, are stirred and fully mixed uniformly, and are discharged through the discharge hole 810.
Specifically, step 5 is as follows:
inside the kibbling raw materials got into agitator 801 through slant slide 705, through second servo motor 802 circular telegram, under the effect of bull stick 803, make stirring board 807 and scraper blade 809 fully stir the inside raw materials of agitator 801, make the raw materials stirring carry out the intensive mixing and homogenize to discharge through discharge gate 810.
The working principle is as follows:
when in use, according to the weight ratio of the components, 25% of cement clinker, 30% of slag powder, 17% of coal ash, 10% of gypsum, 8% of limestone, 5% of iron ore and 5% of zinc oxide are weighed in proportion, and are fed into the body 1 through the feeding hopper 2;
by adding zinc oxide into the raw materials, the hardening time of the cement can be shortened, the waterproof performance of the cement is improved, and meanwhile, the corrosion of mildew organisms or ultraviolet rays to the cement cementing material is prevented. The first servo motor 501 is electrified, so that the first insection column 506 and the second insection column 507 crush and feed the raw materials, and the crushed raw materials fall on the surface of the bushing 602;
the grinding rod 604 is used for grinding the crushed raw materials under the action of the movable shaft 605 through the electric telescopic rod 609, the crushed raw materials flow downwards through the leakage groove 603 and flow downwards through the arched screen 701, and the raw materials which are not completely crushed fall into the recovery groove 702 under the action of the arched screen 701, so that the crushed raw materials are screened, the raw materials which are not in accordance with the size are removed, and the raw materials which are not completely crushed are convenient to reuse;
the crushed raw materials enter the stirring barrel 801 through the oblique sliding plate 705, the second servo motor 802 is electrified, the stirring plate 807 and the scraper 809 are used for fully stirring the raw materials in the stirring barrel 801 under the action of the rotating rod 803, so that the raw materials are stirred and fully mixed uniformly, and the materials are discharged through the discharge hole 810.
Finally, it should be noted that: the above-mentioned embodiments are only specific embodiments of the present invention, which are used for illustrating the technical solutions of the present invention and not for limiting the same, and the protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, those skilled in the art should understand that: any person skilled in the art can modify or easily conceive the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments or equivalent substitutes for some technical features within the technical scope of the present disclosure; such modifications, changes or substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the embodiments of the present invention, and they should be construed as being included therein. Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention shall be subject to the protection scope of the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. The preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement cementing material comprises a body (1) and is characterized in that a feeding hopper (2) is fixedly connected to the top end of the body (1), a bottom plate (3) is fixedly installed at the bottom end of the body (1), a supporting column (4) is fixedly connected to the bottom of the bottom plate (3), a feeding mechanism (5) is installed at the top of the body (1), the feeding mechanism (5) comprises a first servo motor (501), a bearing plate (502) is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the first servo motor (501), a connecting rod (503) is connected to the positive end face of the first servo motor (501), a belt (504) is sleeved on the outer wall of the connecting rod (503), and a rotating shaft (505) is connected to the inner wall of the other side of the belt (504);
the utility model discloses a grinding machine, including axis of rotation (505) and axis of rotation (503), the outer wall cover of axis of rotation (505) is established and is installed first insection post (506), one side meshing of first insection post (506) is connected with second insection post (507), the transverse axis of first insection post (506) with the transverse axis of connecting rod (503) coincides mutually, the transverse axis of first insection post (506) with the transverse axis of second insection post (507) coincides mutually, grinding mechanism (6) are installed to the bottom of second insection post (507), the bottom of grinding mechanism (6) is connected with screening mechanism (7), mixing mechanism (8) are installed to one side of body (1).
2. The device for preparing the composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to claim 1, wherein the first servo motor (501) forms a transmission structure through the connecting rod (503), the belt (504), the rotating shaft (505) and the first insection column (506), and the first insection column (506) forms a rotating structure through the rotating shaft (505) and the second insection column (507).
3. The preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement gelled material as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grinding mechanism (6) comprises a limiting block (601), one side of the limiting block (601) is fixedly connected with the body (1), two groups of limiting blocks (601) are symmetrically arranged about the central axis of the body (1), a bushing (602) is attached to the bottom end of the limiting block (601), and two sides of the bushing (602) are fixedly connected with the limiting block (601);
the leak source is characterized in that leak grooves (603) are formed in the leak plate (602) at equal intervals, a grinding rod (604) is movably connected to the surface of the leak plate (602), the transverse axis of the grinding rod (604) coincides with the transverse axis of the leak plate (602), a movable shaft (605) is installed on one side of the grinding rod (604), an installation outer rod (606) is movably connected to the positive end face of the movable shaft (605), an inner baffle (607) is fixedly installed on the inner wall of the installation outer rod (606), the other side of the inner baffle (607) is connected with the body (1) in a laminating manner, one side of the installation outer rod (606) is fixedly connected with an outer connecting plate (608), an electric telescopic rod (609) is fixedly installed on the inner side of the outer connecting plate (608), and the other side of the electric telescopic rod (609) is fixedly connected with the body (1).
4. The apparatus for preparing composite nano ZnO cement gel-like material according to claim 3, wherein the outer installation rod (606) forms a movable structure with the grinding rod (604) through the movable shaft (605), and the outer installation rod (606) forms a transmission structure with the grinding rod (604) through the electric telescopic rod (609).
5. The preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to claim 1, wherein the screening mechanism (7) comprises an arched screen (701), the arched screen (701) is fixedly connected with the body (1), a recovery tank (702) is installed on the outer side of the arched screen (701), a storage cavity (703) is connected to the outer side of the recovery tank (702), a connecting cover (704) is movably installed on the outer side of the storage cavity (703), an oblique sliding plate (705) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the arched screen (701), and a flow through groove (706) is formed in one side of the oblique sliding plate (705).
6. The apparatus for preparing composite nano ZnO cement gel-forming material according to claim 5, characterized in that the recovery tank (702) and the storage chamber (703) are symmetrically arranged about the central axis of the arch screen (701), and the central axis of the arch screen (701) is coincident with the central axis of the body (1).
7. The preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement binding material according to claim 1, wherein the mixing mechanism (8) comprises a stirring barrel (801), the top of the stirring barrel (801) is connected with a circulation groove (706), one side of the stirring barrel (801) is provided with a second servo motor (802), one side of the second servo motor (802) is connected with a rotating rod (803), the outer wall of the rotating rod (803) is movably provided with a first bearing (804), the other side of the first bearing (804) is movably connected with a second bearing (805), and the second bearing (805) is movably connected with the outer wall of the rotating rod (803);
the outer wall fixed mounting of bull stick (803) has extension pole (806), the top fixedly connected with stirring board (807) of extension pole (806), the outside fixed mounting of extension pole (806) connects pole (808), the opposite side fixedly connected with scraper blade (809) of pole (808) are connected to the side, the opposite side of scraper blade (809) with the inner wall of agitator (801) is connected for the laminating, the bottom fixed mounting of agitator (801) has discharge gate (810), the axis of discharge gate (810) coincides mutually with the axis of agitator (801), the bottom swing joint of discharge gate (810) has sealed lid (811), the internally mounted of discharge gate (810) has control flap (812).
8. The apparatus for preparing composite nano ZnO cement gel material according to claim 7, wherein the rotating rod (803) and the stirring barrel (801) form a rotating structure through the first bearing (804), the second bearing (805), and the central axis of the stirring barrel (801) is coincident with the central axis of the stirring plate (807).
9. The use method of the preparation device of the composite nano ZnO cement cementing material comprises the following steps:
step 1: weighing and proportioning the raw materials, and feeding the raw materials into the body (1) through a feeding hopper (2);
step 2: crushing and feeding the raw materials through a first insection column (506) and a second insection column (507);
and step 3: the crushed raw materials are crushed by a grinding rod (604) and flow downwards through a leakage groove (603);
and 4, step 4: screening and removing the crushed raw materials by using an arch-shaped screen (701);
and 5: the raw materials enter the stirring barrel (801) through the oblique sliding plate (705), are fully stirred and uniformly mixed, and are discharged through the discharge hole (810).
10. The use method of the device for preparing composite nano ZnO cement gelled material according to claim 9, is characterized in that,
the step 1 specifically comprises:
according to the weight ratio of the raw materials, 25% of cement clinker, 30% of slag powder, 17% of coal ash, 10% of gypsum, 8% of limestone, 5% of iron ore and 5% of zinc oxide are respectively weighed, and the raw materials are fed into the body (1) through a feeding hopper (2);
the step 2 specifically comprises:
in the body (1), a first servo motor (501) is electrified to enable a first insection column (506) and a second insection column (507) to break and feed raw materials;
the step 3 specifically includes:
the crushed raw materials fall on the surface of a bushing (602), and the grinding rod (604) crushes the crushed raw materials under the action of a movable shaft (605) through an electric telescopic rod (609), and the crushed raw materials flow downwards through a leakage groove (603);
the step 4 specifically includes:
the crushed raw materials flow downwards through the arch-shaped screen (701), and the raw materials which are not completely crushed fall into the recovery tank (702) under the action of the arch-shaped screen (701), so that the crushed raw materials are screened and removed;
the step 5 specifically includes:
the crushed raw materials enter the stirring barrel (801) through the oblique sliding plate (705), the stirring plate (807) and the scraper (809) are used for fully stirring the raw materials in the stirring barrel (801) under the action of the rotating rod (803) by electrifying the second servo motor (802), so that the raw materials are fully stirred and uniformly mixed, and the materials are discharged through the discharge hole (810).
CN202011029399.8A 2020-09-27 2020-09-27 Preparation device and use method of composite nano ZnO cement cementing material Pending CN112246326A (en)

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Application publication date: 20210122