CN112238914A - Method for separating railway waste vehicle carriage body from bogie - Google Patents

Method for separating railway waste vehicle carriage body from bogie Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112238914A
CN112238914A CN202011009302.7A CN202011009302A CN112238914A CN 112238914 A CN112238914 A CN 112238914A CN 202011009302 A CN202011009302 A CN 202011009302A CN 112238914 A CN112238914 A CN 112238914A
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China
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bogie
jacking
control unit
rgv
separating
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CN202011009302.7A
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CN112238914B (en
Inventor
陈宝民
牙马忠
郝旭
郑旺旺
吴斌
沈军
刘辉
王红兵
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China Railway Materials Group Resources Technology Co Ltd
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China Railway Materials Group Resources Technology Co Ltd
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B62LAND VEHICLES FOR TRAVELLING OTHERWISE THAN ON RAILS
    • B62DMOTOR VEHICLES; TRAILERS
    • B62D67/00Systematic disassembly of vehicles for recovery of salvageable components, e.g. for recycling
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60PVEHICLES ADAPTED FOR LOAD TRANSPORTATION OR TO TRANSPORT, TO CARRY, OR TO COMPRISE SPECIAL LOADS OR OBJECTS
    • B60P3/00Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects
    • B60P3/06Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects for carrying vehicles
    • B60P3/07Vehicles adapted to transport, to carry or to comprise special loads or objects for carrying vehicles for carrying road vehicles
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66FHOISTING, LIFTING, HAULING OR PUSHING, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR, e.g. DEVICES WHICH APPLY A LIFTING OR PUSHING FORCE DIRECTLY TO THE SURFACE OF A LOAD
    • B66F7/00Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts
    • B66F7/02Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms suspended from ropes, cables, or chains or screws and movable along pillars
    • B66F7/025Lifting frames, e.g. for lifting vehicles; Platform lifts with platforms suspended from ropes, cables, or chains or screws and movable along pillars screw operated
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/56Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies of vehicles

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Transportation (AREA)
  • Geology (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Public Health (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for separating a railway waste vehicle compartment body from a bogie, which is based on an automation device and comprises the process steps of synchronous jacking separation of the waste vehicle compartment body and the bogie, moving out of the bogie, 90-degree steering of a rotary table, descending of a jacking device, transferring of an RGV trolley compartment body and the like; the automatic device comprises a jacking device control unit A, a part B RGV lifting platform and a part C rotary table. The part A jacking control unit mainly comprises an integrated control unit and 4 jacking devices, wherein each jacking device mainly comprises a machine body, a sub-control box, a screw rod, a lifting motor, a working nut, a supporting head, a safety nut and a sensor group; the part B comprises an RGV trolley, a supporting tool and a control system. The invention combines the jacking separation method, carries out integrated control on the jacking separation equipment to realize synchronous lifting, simultaneously realizes the integration of the RGV lifting platform jacking bogie and the transportation carriage body, has simple and quick operation of the rotary table, realizes the high-efficiency, safe and reliable separation of the carriage body and the bogie, and is suitable for popularization and application.

Description

Method for separating railway waste vehicle carriage body from bogie
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of railway material recycling, and particularly relates to a method for separating a railway waste vehicle compartment body from a bogie.
Background
Freight transportation is an important component of rail transportation, and vehicles for carrying freight on rails are collectively called rail wagons. It can be divided into general purpose trucks and special trucks according to their usage. The main types are boxcars, gondola cars, tank cars, flat cars and the like. Annual cargo delivery volume of China railway is the first in the world and reaches 30 hundred million tons. Can be used for conveying coal, grains, liquid, domestic animals, weapons and ammunition, cement, various large goods, various materials and the like. It can be seen that the transportation of goods is a very important part of rail transportation.
At present, along with the strategic direction of developing novel motor cars and high-speed trains on a large scale on railways and developing novel infrastructure vigorously by China, the quantity of recycling, processing and utilizing scrapped goods and materials on railways is increased year by year. Because the recycling of the discarded railway materials is a great strategy for the development of recycling economy, the development of the recycling industry of the discarded railway materials is imperative.
In the discarded goods and materials of the railway, a large number of waste vehicles need to be disassembled, wherein the separation of the vehicle carriage body and the bogie is an important process in the whole carriage disassembling production line, and is also an important link for realizing the intelligent production of vehicle disassembling. The separation of the carriage body and the bogie of the vehicle in the railway field is supported by a jacking device, the vehicle is manually assisted, the vehicle is supported by a special support after jacking, the bogie is moved out from the bottom of the carriage body by traction equipment, and finally the vehicle is placed in a to-be-treated area for disassembly by travelling crane hoisting. This kind of operation mode is comparatively traditional, can not realize the synchronous jacking of many equipment when wherein jacking device supports, has the potential safety hazard among the jacking support process. Meanwhile, the bogie is moved out from the bottom of the carriage body to need traction equipment, so that the working efficiency is low, manual assistance is needed, and the batch disassembly and separation operation of a production line are not facilitated.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a method for separating a railway waste vehicle carriage body from a bogie, aiming at the defects in the prior art.
The invention effectively solves the practical problems of the railway system, realizes the functions of synchronous jacking separation of the carriage body and the bogie of the vehicle, shifting out of the bogie, 90-degree steering of the rotary table, descending of the jacking device, transferring of the carriage body by the RGV trolley and the like, effectively meets the operation of the automatic jacking separation production line of the carriage body and the bogie, solves the social problem of the railway environment brought by waste vehicles, and promotes the development of recycling of discarded railway materials. The specific technical scheme is as follows:
a method for separating a railway waste vehicle carriage body from a bogie comprises an automatic device for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie, wherein the automatic device comprises a jacking device control unit, an RGV lifting platform and a rotary table,
the lifting control unit mainly comprises an integrated control unit and a plurality of lifting devices, each lifting device comprises a machine body, a sub-control box, a lead screw, a lifting motor, a working nut, a supporting head and a sensor group, the sub-control box is mounted on the outer side of an upright post of the machine body, the output end of the lifting motor is connected with the lead screw, the working nut is driven by the lead screw to lift the supporting head, and the safety nut plays a safety protection role and is used for lifting the separated carriage body and the bogie; the machine body is internally provided with the sensor group, the sensor group is used for collecting rotating speed signals and position signals of the lead screw, the sensor group is in signal connection with the sub-control box, the sub-control box is in signal connection with the integrated control unit and transmits the collected rotating speed signals and position signals of the lead screw to the integrated control unit, and the integrated control unit is in signal connection with the lifting motor and is used for controlling the starting or stopping of the lifting motor;
the RGV lifting platform comprises an RGV trolley, a supporting tool and a control system; the support tool is arranged on the RGV and used for clamping the lifted and separated carriage body, and the RGV is in signal connection with the control system;
the separation method is based on the automatic device and comprises the following steps:
s1: the railway waste vehicle compartment body to be separated and the bogie are fixed on the RGV trolley through the supporting tool and enter a compartment body and bogie separation station under the traction of the RGV trolley;
s2: operators or positioning devices on two sides confirm the positions of the carriages and the vehicle body jacking equipment, screw rods in the multiple jacking equipment parallelly jack the railway waste vehicle carriages to be separated, the integrated control unit is pressed to operate a starting button, the jacking equipment synchronously jacks the carriages and is separated from a bogie connecting pin, and the carriages and the bogies are completely separated;
in the jacking process, an integrated control unit receives a rotating speed signal and a position signal of the screw rod, which are acquired by a sensor group in the jacking equipment, judges whether the carriage is stable or not in the jacking process, and controls a lifting motor to stop working and simultaneously starts an alarm system if the rotating speed signals are not equal or the position signals are not parallel;
s3: sending a signal to an RGV (reduced graphics volume) trolley through a control system, pushing the bogie by the RGV trolley and removing the bottom of a carriage body to a rotary table, realizing 90-degree rotation by the rotary table through manual operation control, and pushing the bogie to a bogie decomposition to-be-processed area;
s4: the RGV lifting platform smoothly enters the bottom of the carriage, the position is confirmed, the control system operation starting button is pressed, the jacking equipment synchronously descends the carriage body, the carriage body descends to the upper part of the supporting tool, and after confirmation, the RGV trolley is operated by the control system to convey the carriage to the next procedure according to the operation of a production line.
As a preferred technical scheme, a supporting head support is arranged below the lifting motor.
As a preferred technical scheme, a safety nut is installed below the working nut.
As a preferred technical solution, the sensor group includes a rotation speed sensor and a position sensor, which are used for respectively acquiring the rotation speed and the position of the screw.
As the preferred technical scheme, 3-6 jacking devices are arranged.
As a preferred technical solution, the integrated control unit is installed at the lower end of the machine body.
As a preferred technical scheme, the integrated control unit comprises a box body, and controllers with the number consistent with that of the jacking equipment are installed in the box body.
Preferably, in step S3, the bogie is pushed to the bogie decomposition waiting area by manual assistance.
Preferably, in step S4, the position of the RGV elevating platform is confirmed by manual assistance.
Has the advantages that:
the invention combines the jacking separation method, carries out integrated control on the jacking separation equipment to realize synchronous lifting, simultaneously realizes the integration of the RGV lifting platform jacking bogie and the transportation carriage body, has simple and quick operation of the rotary table, realizes the high-efficiency, safe and reliable separation of the carriage body and the bogie, and is suitable for popularization and application.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the detailed description of the invention or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings that are needed in the detailed description of the invention or the prior art will be briefly described below. Throughout the drawings, like elements or portions are generally identified by like reference numerals. In the drawings, elements or portions are not necessarily drawn to scale.
Fig. 1 is a schematic layout of the jacking-separating device of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of the jacking apparatus of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a diagram of the process of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic diagram of the control principle of the jacking-separating device of the invention.
The railway waste vehicle lifting device comprises a railway waste vehicle compartment body to be separated, a rotary table, a jacking device, a control system, an RGV trolley, a supporting tool, an integrated control unit, a machine body, a sub-control box, a lead screw, a lifting motor, a working nut, a supporting head, a safety nut and a sensor group, wherein the railway waste vehicle compartment body is 1, the rotary table is 2, the jacking device is 3, the control system is 4, the RGV trolley is 5, the supporting tool is 6, the integrated control unit is 7, the machine body is 8, the sub-control box.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be described clearly and completely below, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
It should be noted that all the directional indicators (such as upper, lower, left, right, front and rear … …) in the embodiment of the present invention are only used to explain the relative position relationship between the components, the movement situation, etc. in a specific posture (as shown in the drawing), and if the specific posture is changed, the directional indicator is changed accordingly.
In addition, the descriptions related to "first", "second", etc. in the present invention are only for descriptive purposes and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include at least one such feature. In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means at least two, e.g., two, three, etc., unless specifically limited otherwise.
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
The invention will now be further described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
The embodiment of the invention relates to a method for separating a railway waste vehicle carriage body from a bogie, which comprises an automatic device for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie, and please refer to figures 1-3, wherein the automatic device comprises a jacking device control unit, an RGV lifting platform and a rotary table,
the jacking control unit mainly comprises an integrated control unit 7 and 4 jacking devices 3, each jacking device 3 comprises a machine body 8, a sub-control box 9, a lead screw 10, a lifting motor 11, a working nut 12, a sensor group 15, a supporting head 13 and a safety nut 14, the sub-control box 9 is arranged on the outer side of an upright post of the machine body 8, the output end of the lifting motor 11 is connected with the lead screw 10, the working nut 12 is driven by the lead screw 10 to realize the lifting of the supporting head 13, and the safety nut 14 plays a safety protection role and is used for jacking a separated carriage body and a bogie; the machine body 8 is internally provided with the sensor group 15, the sensor group 15 is used for acquiring a rotating speed signal and a position signal of the lead screw 10, the sensor group 15 is in signal connection with the sub-control box 9, the sub-control box 9 is in signal connection with the integrated control unit 7, the acquired rotating speed signal and position signal of the lead screw 10 are transmitted to the integrated control unit 7, and the integrated control unit 7 is in signal connection with the lifting motor 11 and used for controlling the lifting motor 11 to start or stop;
the RGV lifting platform comprises an RGV trolley 5, a supporting tool 6 and a control system 4; the supporting tool 6 is arranged on the RGV trolley 5 and used for clamping a lifted and separated carriage body, and the RGV trolley 5 is in signal connection with the control system 4;
the separation method is based on the automatic device, please refer to fig. 3, the vehicle is firstly processed by the previous cutting process, is pulled to the separation station by the RGV trolley, and then is fixed. The carriage body is jacked through jacking separation and then enters the next procedure, the RGV trolley jacks the bogie, the bogie is moved out, enters the turntable 2 and then enters the bogie to-be-processed area, and therefore the carriage is separated from the bogie.
The method specifically comprises the following steps:
s1: the railway waste vehicle compartment body to be separated and the bogie 1 are fixed on the RGV trolley 5 through the supporting tool 6 and enter a compartment body and bogie separation station under the traction of the RGV trolley;
s2: operators or positioning devices on two sides confirm the positions of the carriages and the vehicle body jacking equipment, screw rods 10 in the four jacking equipment 3 parallelly jack the railway waste vehicle carriage bodies to be separated, an integrated control unit 7 is pressed to operate a starting button, the jacking equipment 3 synchronously jacks the carriages and separates from a bogie connecting pin, and the carriage bodies and the bogies are completely separated;
in the jacking process, the integrated control unit 7 receives rotating speed signals and position signals of the lead screw 10, which are acquired by the sensor group 15 in the four jacking devices 3, judges whether the carriage jacking process is stable or not, and controls the lifting motor 11 to stop working and simultaneously starts an alarm system if the rotating speed signals are not equal or the position signals are not parallel;
s3: the control system 4 sends a signal to the RGV trolley 5, the RGV trolley 5 pushes the bogie and removes the bottom of the box body to the rotary table 2, the rotary table 2 is controlled by manual operation to realize 90-degree rotation, and the bogie is pushed to a bogie decomposition area to be treated by manual assistance. (ii) a
S4: RGV lift platform gets into the carriage bottom smoothly, confirms the position through manual work is supplementary, presses control system operation start button, and jacking equipment descends the railway carriage or compartment body in step, descends to supporting frock top, confirms the back, carries next process according to the production line operation with the carriage through control system 4 operation RGV dolly 5.
In the embodiment of the present invention, please refer to fig. 2, a supporting head 13 is provided below the lifting motor 11.
Further, the sensor group 15 includes a rotation speed sensor and a position sensor, which are used for respectively acquiring the rotation speed and the position of the lead screw 10.
In the embodiment of the present invention, please refer to fig. 2, the integrated control unit 7 is installed at the lower end of the machine body 8. The integrated control unit 7 synchronously controls the 4 jacking devices 3, realizes consistent jacking and descending, eliminates errors and has high safety.
In the embodiment of the present invention, please refer to fig. 3, the integrated control unit 7 includes a box body, and controllers with the same number as the number of the jacking devices 3 are installed in the box body.
In conclusion, the invention provides a process method and an automation device for separating a railway waste vehicle carriage body from a bogie, and solves the problems that synchronous lifting of multiple devices cannot be realized when a jacking device supports the vehicles, and potential safety hazards exist in the lifting supporting process. Meanwhile, the bogie is moved out from the bottom of the vehicle and needs traction equipment, so that the working efficiency is low, manual assistance is needed, and the difficulty in batch disassembly and separation operation of a production line is not facilitated.
The above embodiments are only used to illustrate the technical solution of the present invention, and not to limit the same; while the invention has been described in detail and with reference to the foregoing embodiments, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: the technical solutions described in the foregoing embodiments may still be modified, or some or all of the technical features may be equivalently replaced; such modifications and substitutions do not depart from the spirit and scope of the present invention, and they should be construed as being included in the following claims and description.

Claims (9)

1. A method for separating a railway waste vehicle carriage body from a bogie is characterized by comprising the following steps: comprises an automatic device for separating a railway waste vehicle carriage body from a bogie, the automatic device comprises a jacking device control unit, an RGV lifting platform and a rotary table (2),
the jacking control unit mainly comprises an integrated control unit (7) and a plurality of jacking devices (3), each jacking device (3) comprises a machine body (8), a sub-control box (9), a lead screw (10), a lifting motor (11), a working nut (12), a supporting head (13) and a sensor group (15), the sub-control box (9) is installed on the outer side of an upright post of the machine body (8), the output end of the lifting motor (11) is connected with the lead screw (10), the working nut (12) is driven by the lead screw (10) to lift the supporting head (13), and the safety nut (14) plays a safety protection role and is used for jacking a separated box body and a bogie; the machine body (8) is internally provided with the sensor group (15), the sensor group (15) is used for acquiring a rotating speed signal and a position signal of the lead screw (10), the sensor group (15) is in signal connection with the sub-control box (9), the sub-control box (9) is in signal connection with the integrated control unit (7) and transmits the acquired rotating speed signal and position signal of the lead screw (10) to the integrated control unit (7), and the integrated control unit (7) is in signal connection with the lifting motor (11) and is used for controlling the lifting motor (11) to start or stop;
the RGV lifting platform comprises an RGV trolley (5), a supporting tool (6) and a control system (4); the supporting tool (6) is arranged on the RGV trolley (5) and used for clamping a box body after jacking and separation, and the RGV trolley (5) is in signal connection with the control system (4);
the separation method is based on the automatic device and comprises the following steps:
s1: the railway waste vehicle compartment body to be separated and the bogie are fixed on the RGV trolley (5) through the supporting tool (6), and enter a compartment body and bogie separation station under the traction of the RGV trolley;
s2: operators or positioning devices on two sides confirm the positions of the carriage and the vehicle body jacking devices, lead screws (10) in the multiple jacking devices (3) parallelly jack the railway waste vehicle carriage body to be separated, an integrated control unit (7) is pressed to operate a starting button, the jacking devices (3) synchronously jack the carriage, the carriage is separated from a connecting pin of a bogie, and the carriage body is completely separated from the bogie;
in the jacking process, an integrated control unit (7) receives a rotating speed signal and a position signal of a lead screw (10) acquired by a sensor group (15) in the jacking equipment (3), judges whether the carriage is stable or not in the jacking process, and controls a lifting motor (11) to stop working and simultaneously starts an alarm system if the rotating speed signal is not equal or the position signal is not parallel;
s3: sending a signal to an RGV trolley (5) through a control system (4), pushing the bogie by the RGV trolley (5) and removing the bottom of a carriage body to a rotary table (2), realizing 90-degree rotation of the rotary table (2) through manual operation control, and pushing the bogie to a bogie decomposition to-be-processed area;
s4: RGV lift platform gets into the carriage bottom smoothly, confirms the position, presses control system operation start button, and jacking equipment (3) descend the railway carriage or compartment body in step, descend to support frock (6) top, confirms the back, carries the next process with the carriage according to the production line operation through control system (4) operation RGV dolly (5).
2. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: a supporting head (13) is arranged below the lifting motor (11) for supporting.
3. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: and a safety nut (14) is arranged below the working nut (12).
4. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the sensor group (15) comprises a rotating speed sensor and a position sensor, and the rotating speed sensor and the position sensor are used for respectively acquiring the rotating speed and the position of the lead screw (10).
5. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: jacking equipment (3) sets up to 3 ~ 6.
6. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the integrated control unit (7) is arranged at the lower end of the machine body (8).
7. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: the integrated control unit (7) comprises a box body, and controllers with the number consistent with that of the jacking equipment (3) are installed in the box body.
8. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: in step S3, the bogie is pushed to the bogie decomposition pending area by manual assistance.
9. The method for separating the railway waste vehicle carriage body from the bogie as claimed in claim 1, wherein the method comprises the following steps: in step S4, the RGV elevating platform position is confirmed by manual assistance.
CN202011009302.7A 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Method for separating railway waste vehicle carriage body from bogie Active CN112238914B (en)

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Cited By (1)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113335869A (en) * 2021-07-27 2021-09-03 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Method for disassembling railway waste trucks

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CN111687174A (en) * 2020-06-10 2020-09-22 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Automatic disassembly process method and device for railway scrapped wagon carriage

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JPH0664503A (en) * 1992-08-20 1994-03-08 Honda Motor Co Ltd Dismantlement of automobile
JP2002370680A (en) * 2001-06-13 2002-12-24 Auto Network Gijutsu Kenkyusho:Kk Wire harness installing structure for floor
CN202518376U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-11-07 湖南金甲机械科技有限公司 Scraped car disassembly line system
CN105015650A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-04 鑫广再生资源(上海)有限公司 Scrapped autotruck and heavy passenger car disassembling technology
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113335869A (en) * 2021-07-27 2021-09-03 中铁物总资源科技有限公司 Method for disassembling railway waste trucks

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