CN112211760B - Fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of gasoline engine - Google Patents

Fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of gasoline engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112211760B
CN112211760B CN202011120208.9A CN202011120208A CN112211760B CN 112211760 B CN112211760 B CN 112211760B CN 202011120208 A CN202011120208 A CN 202011120208A CN 112211760 B CN112211760 B CN 112211760B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
clamping piece
fuel
filter
exhaust pipe
filter plate
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CN202011120208.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112211760A (en
Inventor
缪岩
梁坤峰
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Yancheng Powerful Machinery & Electronics Technology Developing Co ltd
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Yancheng Powerful Machinery & Electronics Technology Developing Co ltd
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Priority to CN202011120208.9A priority Critical patent/CN112211760B/en
Publication of CN112211760A publication Critical patent/CN112211760A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02MSUPPLYING COMBUSTION ENGINES IN GENERAL WITH COMBUSTIBLE MIXTURES OR CONSTITUENTS THEREOF
    • F02M31/00Apparatus for thermally treating combustion-air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture
    • F02M31/02Apparatus for thermally treating combustion-air, fuel, or fuel-air mixture for heating
    • F02M31/16Other apparatus for heating fuel
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/02Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography
    • B01D53/04Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols by adsorption, e.g. preparative gas chromatography with stationary adsorbents
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02NSTARTING OF COMBUSTION ENGINES; STARTING AIDS FOR SUCH ENGINES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F02N19/00Starting aids for combustion engines, not otherwise provided for
    • F02N19/02Aiding engine start by thermal means, e.g. using lighted wicks
    • F02N19/04Aiding engine start by thermal means, e.g. using lighted wicks by heating of fluids used in engines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/01Engine exhaust gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F02COMBUSTION ENGINES; HOT-GAS OR COMBUSTION-PRODUCT ENGINE PLANTS
    • F02NSTARTING OF COMBUSTION ENGINES; STARTING AIDS FOR SUCH ENGINES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F02N19/00Starting aids for combustion engines, not otherwise provided for
    • F02N2019/002Aiding engine start by acting on fuel

Abstract

The invention discloses a fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of a gasoline engine, which comprises an exhaust pipe, a detachable filtering mechanism and a connecting mechanism, wherein the detachable filtering mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the exhaust pipe; through having set up buckle mechanism and last top mechanism dismantling the filter equipment upper end, press and move the button, make the button pass through the depression bar and drive the buckle and rotate around the location axle, thereby make the buckle remove the fixed to the filter, reset spring drives the filter through the elastic potential energy that resumes deformation and pushes up on the depression bar afterwards, it is convenient to dismantle the filter, thereby clear up the carbon nano-layer, carbon nano-layer easily regenerates and volatilizees or burns absorbent harmful substance through heating to 300 ~ 450 ℃, can reuse, reached and to have dismantled the advantage of filter fast.

Description

Fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of gasoline engine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field related to combustion engines, in particular to a fuel oil heating device for ultralow-temperature starting of a gasoline engine.
Background
Gasoline vehicles in China and most countries around the world have adopted European IV standard or similar emission regulations, which are a challenge to the overall emission of automobiles and further limit the emission of cold start, because the emission of the cold start process of an engine is the worst, and the total emission pollutants occupy a considerable proportion in the whole starting and warming-up processes, and a large amount of HC emission is generated during the starting and idling processes of the engine to an unacceptable degree, so that the emission control at the starting, particularly at the cold start, cannot be ignored.
The fuel heating device that present gasoline engine ultra-low temperature started often has waste gas to produce when using, and the direct emission of these waste gases causes the pollution of air to when being connected to the delivery pipe, often need use specific work, the operation is wasted time and energy.
Disclosure of Invention
Therefore, in order to solve the above-mentioned disadvantages, the present invention provides a fuel heating apparatus for ultra-low temperature start of a gasoline engine.
The invention is realized in such a way that a fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of a gasoline engine is constructed, the device comprises support sheets, a fuel oil heater body, an air feeder, a discharge pipe, an exhaust pipe, a disassembly filtering mechanism and a connecting mechanism, wherein the support sheets are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the bottom of the fuel oil heater body, the air feeder is arranged at the front end of the fuel oil heater body, the disassembly filtering mechanism is arranged and fixed on the front side of the upper end of the exhaust pipe, the rear end of the exhaust pipe is provided with the connecting mechanism, the disassembly filtering mechanism comprises a guide frame, a filter plate, a pull block, a filter layer, a buckling mechanism and an upward jacking mechanism, the exhaust pipe is embedded in the middle part of the guide frame, the filter plate is embedded in the inner side of the guide frame in a clearance fit manner, the filter plate penetrates through the middle part of the exhaust pipe, the filter plate and the lower end of the pull block are fixed into a whole, the middle part of the filter plate is provided with a filter layer, the filter plate supporting device is characterized in that the left side and the right side of the upper end of the guide frame are oppositely provided with buckling mechanisms, the buckling mechanisms are in buckling fit with the left side and the right side of the filter plate, the upper jacking mechanisms are distributed at the lower end of the interior of the guide frame at equal intervals, and the filter plate is in contact with the upper ends of the upper jacking mechanisms.
Preferably, the fuel heater body is communicated with the bottom of the oil inlet pipe, the fuel heater body is locked and fixed with the bottom of the storage battery through screws, the fuel heater body is communicated with the top of the fuel pump through an exhaust pipe, the fuel pump is locked and fixed with the right rear end of the fuel heater body through screws, an exhaust nozzle is arranged at the bottom of the fuel pump, and an exhaust pipe is arranged at the rear end of the fuel heater body.
Preferably, buckle mechanism includes fixed block, location axle, buckle, pressure spring, activity pearl, depression bar and pressure button, the fixed block is fixed with the inside left end welded fastening of guide frame, the fixed block passes through location axle and buckle middle part normal running fit, the buckle passes through pressure spring and the inside left end elastic connection of guide frame, buckle and filter left end buckle cooperation, the activity of buckle left side lower extreme is nested has the activity pearl, the activity pearl is fixed mutually with the depression bar right-hand member to the depression bar adopts clearance fit's mode to imbed in the guide frame left end, the depression bar is fixed mutually with pressure button right-hand member.
Preferably, the jacking mechanism comprises a sliding frame, a bearing sheet, a reset spring, a sliding plate and a push rod, the sliding frame is fixedly connected with the lower left end inside the guide frame, the sliding frame is locked and fixed with the lower end of the bearing sheet through a screw, the bearing sheet is elastically connected with the lower end of the sliding plate through the reset spring, the sliding plate is in sliding fit with the inside of the sliding frame, the lower ends of the sliding plate and the push rod are fixed into a whole, the push rod is embedded into the upper end of the sliding frame, and the push rod is in contact with the lower end of the filter plate.
Preferably, coupling mechanism includes the connector, revolves ring, recess, bayonet joint, slot, shrink mechanism and latch segment, the connector is linked together with the blast pipe right-hand member, the connector runs through in revolves the ring middle part to the connector with revolve the inboard screw-thread fit of ring, both sides are seted up flutedly relatively about the connector, the connector right-hand member is provided with the bayonet joint, the bayonet joint middle part is provided with shrink mechanism, the slot has been seted up at shrink mechanism middle part, revolve the upper right end of ring and be provided with the latch segment to shrink mechanism is linked together with the blast pipe right-hand member.
Preferably, the contraction mechanism comprises a first clamping piece, a connecting piece, a first spring, a second spring and a second clamping piece, wherein the first clamping piece is embedded into the plug connector, the connecting piece is embedded into the right upper end of the first clamping piece and the left upper end of the second clamping piece in a clearance fit mode, the connecting piece is elastically connected with the right upper end of the first clamping piece through the first spring, and the connecting piece is elastically connected with the left upper end of the second clamping piece through the second spring.
Preferably, the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece are both provided with two pieces, and the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece mutually form a circular ring shape.
Preferably, two first clamping piece and second clamping piece upper end all are provided with the connection piece to first clamping piece and the adjacent department of second clamping piece all are provided with the connection piece, and the connection piece is circular-arc.
Preferably, the upper end of the rotating ring is provided with strip-shaped anti-slip threads, and the number of the locking blocks is two, and the locking blocks are respectively positioned at the inner left lower end and the inner right upper end of the rotating ring.
Preferably, the swivel is spiral and gradually tapers from back to front, and the swivel is in contact with the upper ends of the first clip and the second clip.
Preferably, the filter layer is made of carbon nano materials, and the filter effect is excellent.
Preferably, the filter plate is made of carbon steel and has high hardness.
The invention has the following advantages: the invention provides a fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of a gasoline engine through improvement, which has the following improvement compared with the same type of equipment:
the method has the advantages that: according to the fuel oil heating device for ultralow-temperature starting of the gasoline engine, the detachable filtering mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the exhaust pipe, when gas is discharged from the upper end of the exhaust pipe, the gas passes through the carbon nano layer at the upper end of the filtering layer, various harmful gases can be efficiently adsorbed, and the advantages that the gas can be prevented from being discharged and the environment cannot be polluted are achieved.
The method has the advantages that: according to the fuel oil heating device for ultralow-temperature starting of the gasoline engine, the buckle mechanism and the jacking mechanism are arranged at the upper end of the disassembling and filtering mechanism, the press button is pressed, the press button drives the buckle to rotate around the positioning shaft through the press rod, so that the buckle is free from fixing the filter plate, then the reset spring drives the press rod to jack the filter plate through elastic potential energy recovered to deform, the filter plate is conveniently disassembled, the carbon nano layer is cleaned, the carbon nano layer is easy to regenerate, adsorbed harmful substances are volatilized or combusted through heating to 300-450 ℃, the fuel oil heating device can be reused, and the advantage that the filter plate can be quickly disassembled is achieved.
The method has the advantages that: according to the fuel oil heating device for ultralow-temperature starting of the gasoline engine, the connecting mechanism is arranged at the rear end of the exhaust pipe, the connecting pipe is inserted into the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece through the inserting groove, then the rotating ring is rotated clockwise, the rotating ring is in threaded transmission at the upper end of the connector, so that the locking block can tightly press the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece, the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece can clamp and fix the connecting pipe, and the advantage that the connecting pipe can be quickly connected is achieved.
The advantages are that: according to the fuel oil heating device for ultralow-temperature starting of the gasoline engine, the contraction mechanism is arranged at the upper end of the connecting mechanism, when the locking block compresses the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece, the connecting piece can move towards the inner sides of the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece, so that the distance between the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece is reduced, the connecting pipe is stably clamped, the connecting piece can press the first spring and the second spring to deform and contract, when the pressure of the locking block is removed, the first spring and the second spring can drive the first clamping piece and the second clamping piece to remove the clamping of the connecting pipe, the exhaust pipe can be rapidly disassembled, and the advantage that the exhaust pipe can be stably clamped is achieved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic front view of the fuel heating apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a disassembled filter mechanism according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the fastening mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a side view of the coupling mechanism of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the coupling mechanism of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic cross-sectional structure of the retracting mechanism of the present invention.
Wherein: support sheet-1, fuel heater body-2, air feeder-3, oil inlet pipe-4, accumulator-5, discharge pipe-6, fuel pump-7, discharge nozzle-8, exhaust pipe-9, disassembly filter mechanism-10, connecting mechanism-11, guide frame-101, filter plate-102, pull block-103, filter layer-104, buckle mechanism-105, top mechanism-106, fixed block-1051, positioning shaft-1052, buckle-1053, pressure spring-1054, movable bead-1055, pressure lever-1056, pressure button-1057, slide frame-1061, receiving sheet-1062, reset spring-1063, slide plate-1064, ejector rod-1065, connector-111, rotary ring-112, groove-113, groove-1063, and press rod-1057, The plug-in connector comprises a plug-in connector-114, a slot-115, a contraction mechanism-116, a locking block-117, a first clamping piece-1161, a connecting piece-1162, a first spring-1163, a second spring-1164 and a second clamping piece-1165.
Detailed Description
The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to fig. 1 to 8, and the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
The first embodiment is as follows:
referring to fig. 1 and 2, the present invention provides a fuel heating device for ultra-low temperature start of a gasoline engine by improvement, which comprises a support sheet 1, a fuel heater body 2, a blower 3, a discharge pipe 6, an exhaust pipe 9, a detachable filter mechanism 10 and a connecting mechanism 11, wherein the support sheet 1 is installed at the front and rear sides of the bottom of the fuel heater body 2, the blower 3 is installed at the front end of the fuel heater body 2, the detachable filter mechanism 10 is installed and fixed at the front side of the upper end of the exhaust pipe 9, the connecting mechanism 11 is installed at the rear end of the exhaust pipe 9, the fuel heater body 2 is communicated with the bottom of an oil inlet pipe 4, the fuel heater body 2 is locked and fixed with the bottom of a storage battery 5 by screws, the fuel heater body 2 is communicated with the top of a fuel pump 7 by the discharge pipe 6, the fuel pump 7 is locked and fixed with the right rear end of the fuel heater body 2 by screws, the bottom of the fuel pump 7 is provided with a discharge nozzle 8, an exhaust pipe 9 is arranged at the rear end of the fuel heater body 2.
Referring to fig. 3, the present invention provides a fuel heating device for ultra-low temperature start of gasoline engine by improving, a detachable filter mechanism 10 includes a guide frame 101, a filter plate 102, a pull block 103, a filter layer 104, a fastening mechanism 105 and an upper pushing mechanism 106, an exhaust pipe 9 is embedded in the middle of the guide frame 101, the filter plate 102 is embedded in the inner side of the guide frame 101 in a clearance fit manner, the filter plate 102 penetrates through the middle of the exhaust pipe 9, the filter plate 102 and the lower end of the pull block 103 are fixed into a whole, the filter layer 104 is disposed in the middle of the filter plate 102, the fastening mechanisms 105 are oppositely disposed on the left and right sides of the upper end of the guide frame 101, the upper pushing mechanisms 106 are equidistantly disposed on the inner lower end of the guide frame 101, the filter plate 102 contacts with the upper end of the upper pushing mechanism 106, the filter layer 104 is made of carbon nano material, the filtering effect is excellent, of course, the filter layer 104 may be made of carbon fiber, but is not limited thereto, and the filter plate 102 is made of carbon steel and has high hardness.
Referring to fig. 4, the present invention provides a fuel heating apparatus for ultra-low temperature start of a gasoline engine by improving, wherein the fastening mechanism 105 includes a fixed block 1051, a positioning shaft 1052, a fastening 1053, a pressure spring 1054, a movable bead 1055, a pressure rod 1056 and a pressure button 1057, the fixed block 1051 is welded and fixed with the left end inside the guide frame 101, the fixed block 1051 is rotatably fitted with the middle of the fastening 1053 through the positioning shaft 1052, the fastening 1053 is elastically connected with the left end inside the guide frame 101 through the pressure spring 1054, the fastening 1053 is fitted with the left end of the filter plate 102, the left lower end of the fastening 1053 is movably nested with the movable bead 1055, the movable bead 1055 is fixed with the right end of the pressure rod 1056, the pressure rod 1056 is embedded in the left end of the guide frame 101 in a clearance fit manner, and the pressure rod 1056 is fixed with the right end of the pressure button 1057, which is beneficial for pushing the pressure rod 1056.
Referring to fig. 5, the present invention provides a fuel oil heating apparatus for ultra-low temperature start of a gasoline engine by improvement, wherein the upward pushing mechanism 106 includes a sliding frame 1061, a receiving plate 1062, a return spring 1063, a sliding plate 1064 and a push rod 1065, the sliding frame 1061 is fixedly connected with the left lower end inside the guide frame 101, the sliding frame 1061 is fixedly locked with the lower end of the receiving plate 1062 by a screw, the receiving plate 1062 is elastically connected with the lower end of the sliding plate 1064 by the return spring 1063, the sliding plate 1064 is slidably fitted inside the sliding frame 1061, the sliding plate 1064 is fixed with the lower end of the push rod 1065 as a whole, the push rod 1065 is embedded in the upper end of the sliding frame 1061, and the push rod 1065 is in contact with the lower end of the filter plate 102, which is favorable for upward pushing the filter plate 102.
Referring to fig. 6 and 7, the present invention provides a fuel heating device for ultra-low temperature start of gasoline engine by improving, wherein the connection mechanism 11 includes a connector 111, a rotary ring 112, a groove 113, a plug 114, a slot 115, a shrinking mechanism 116 and two locking blocks 117, the connector 111 is communicated with the right end of the exhaust pipe 9, the connector 111 penetrates the middle of the rotary ring 112, the connector 111 is in threaded fit with the inner side of the rotary ring 112, the upper and lower sides of the connector 111 are oppositely provided with the groove 113, the right end of the connector 111 is provided with the plug 114, the middle of the plug 114 is provided with the shrinking mechanism 116, the middle of the shrinking mechanism 116 is provided with the slot 115, the locking block 117 is arranged at the upper right end of the rotary ring 112, the shrinking mechanism 116 is communicated with the right end of the exhaust pipe 9, the upper end of the rotary ring 112 is provided with strip-shaped anti-slip threads, and the two locking blocks 117 are respectively arranged at the lower left end and upper right end of the inner part of the rotary ring 112, the rotating ring 112 is spiral-shaped, and the rotating ring 112 gradually tapers from back to front, and the rotating ring 112 contacts with the upper ends of the first and second clips 1161 and 1165.
Referring to fig. 8, the present invention provides a fuel heating apparatus for ultra-low temperature start-up of a gasoline engine by improving a contraction mechanism 116, which includes a first clip 1161, a connection piece 1162, a first spring 1163, a second spring 1164 and a second clip 1165, wherein the first clip 1161 is embedded in a connector 114, the connection piece 1162 is embedded in upper right ends of the first clip 1161 and upper left ends of the second clip 1165 in a clearance fit manner, the connection piece 1162 is elastically connected to upper right ends of the first clip 1161 and the second clip 1165 through the first spring 1163, the connection piece 1162 is elastically connected to upper left ends of the second clip 1165 through the second spring 1164, two pieces are disposed on the first clip 1161 and the second clip 1165, the first clip 1161 and the second clip 1165 are circular, the connection piece 1162 is disposed on upper ends of the two pieces, and the connection piece 1162 is disposed on adjacent portions of the first clip 1161 and the second clip 1165, and the connecting piece 1162 is arc-shaped.
Example two:
the invention provides a fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of a gasoline engine through improvement, three upper jacking mechanisms 106 are arranged, the upper jacking mechanisms 106 are distributed at equal intervals along the lower end of a filter plate 102, the number of the upper jacking mechanisms 106 can be more, the number is not limited, a sliding frame 1061 is in a cylindrical shape with an opening at the upper end, and the inner side wall of the sliding frame 1061 is in a smooth shape, so that the sliding plate 1064 can move smoothly.
The invention provides a fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of a gasoline engine through improvement, and the working principle is as follows;
firstly, before use, a fuel heating device for ultralow-temperature starting of a gasoline engine is horizontally placed, so that a support sheet 1 fixedly supports the device;
secondly, when in use, the device is arranged at a proper position at the upper end of the gasoline engine, and the oil inlet pipe 4, the discharge pipe 6, the discharge nozzle 8 and the exhaust pipe 9 are connected with corresponding pipelines;
thirdly, when the exhaust pipe 9 is connected, the connecting pipe is inserted into the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 through the insertion slot 115, and then the rotating ring 112 is rotated clockwise, so that the rotating ring 112 is in threaded transmission at the upper end of the connecting head 111, and the locking block 117 presses the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165, so that the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 clamp and fix the connecting pipe, and when the locking block 117 presses the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165, the connecting piece 1162 moves towards the inner sides of the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165, so that the distance between the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 is reduced, the connecting pipe is stably clamped, and the connecting piece 1162 presses the first spring 1163 and the second spring 1164 to deform and contract, when the pressure of the locking block 117 is removed, the first spring 1163 and the second spring 1164 drive the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 to remove the clamping of the connecting pipe, the discharge pipe can be quickly disassembled, and the discharge pipe can be stably clamped;
fourthly, starting the device, discharging fuel oil through an oil inlet pipe 4, heating the fuel oil in the fuel oil heater body 2, wherein the air blower 3 can convey hot air to increase the heating efficiency, and then pumping the heated fuel oil to a discharge nozzle 8 through a fuel pump 7 for discharging;
fifthly, waste gas generated during heating is discharged through the exhaust pipe 9, and when the gas is discharged from the upper end of the exhaust pipe 9, the gas passes through the carbon nano layer at the upper end of the filter layer 104, so that various harmful gases can be efficiently adsorbed, the gas discharge can be prevented, and the environment cannot be polluted;
sixthly, the buckle mechanism 105 and the upward pushing mechanism 106 are arranged at the upper end of the detachable filter mechanism 10, the press button 1057 is pressed, the press button 1057 drives the buckle 1053 to rotate around the positioning shaft 1952 through the press rod 1056, so that the buckle 1053 is released from fixing the filter plate 102, then the reset spring 1063 drives the press rod 1056 to push up the filter plate 102 through elastic potential energy of recovery deformation, the filter plate 102 is conveniently detached, so that the carbon nano layer is cleaned, the carbon nano layer is easy to regenerate, and the adsorbed harmful substances are volatilized or combusted through heating to 300-450 ℃, so that the filter plate can be reused, the operation is convenient and rapid, energy is saved and environment is protected, then the filter plate 102 can be inserted into the inner side of the guide frame 101 again, the buckle 1053 limits and fixes the filter plate 102, and the filter plate 102 can press the ejector rod 1065 and the reset spring 1063 to move and contract towards the inner side of the sliding frame 1061.
The invention provides a fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature start of a gasoline engine through improvement, a disassembly and filtration mechanism 10 is arranged at the upper end of an exhaust pipe 9, when gas is discharged from the upper end of the exhaust pipe 9, the gas passes through a carbon nano layer at the upper end of a filtration layer 104, various harmful gases can be efficiently adsorbed, and the advantages that the gas can be prevented from being discharged and the environment can not be polluted are achieved; the buckle mechanism 105 and the top pushing mechanism 106 are arranged at the upper end of the filter disassembling mechanism 10, the press button 1057 is pressed, the press button 1057 drives the buckle 1053 to rotate around the positioning shaft 1952 through the press rod 1056, so that the buckle 1053 is free from fixing the filter plate 102, then the reset spring 1063 drives the press rod 1056 to push up the filter plate 102 through elastic potential energy of recovery deformation, the filter plate 102 is convenient to disassemble, the carbon nano layer is cleaned, the carbon nano layer is easy to regenerate, and adsorbed harmful substances are volatilized or combusted through heating to 300-450 ℃, the carbon nano layer can be reused, and the advantage that the filter plate 102 can be quickly disassembled is achieved; by arranging the connecting mechanism 11 at the rear end of the exhaust pipe 9, the connecting pipe is inserted into the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 through the slot 115, and then the rotating ring 112 is rotated clockwise, so that the rotating ring 112 is in threaded transmission at the upper end of the connecting head 111, the locking block 117 compresses the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165, and the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 clamp and fix the connecting pipe, thereby achieving the advantage of being capable of quickly connecting the connecting pipe; by arranging the contraction mechanism 116 at the upper end of the connecting mechanism 11, when the locking block 117 compresses the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165, the connecting piece 1162 can move towards the inner sides of the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165, so that the distance between the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 is reduced, the connecting pipe can be stably clamped, the connecting piece 1162 can press the first spring 1163 and the second spring 1164 to deform and contract, when the pressure of the locking block 117 is removed, the first spring 1163 and the second spring 1164 can drive the first clamping piece 1161 and the second clamping piece 1165 to release the clamping of the connecting pipe, namely, the discharge pipe can be rapidly disassembled, and the advantage of stably clamping the discharge pipe is achieved.
The basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention have been shown and described, and the standard parts used in the present invention are all available on the market, the special-shaped parts can be customized according to the description and the accompanying drawings, the specific connection mode of each part adopts the conventional means of bolt and rivet, welding and the like mature in the prior art, the machinery, parts and equipment adopt the conventional type in the prior art, and the circuit connection adopts the conventional connection mode in the prior art, and the details are not described herein.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (6)

1. A fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of a gasoline engine comprises a supporting sheet (1), a fuel oil heater body (2), an air feeder (3), a discharge pipe (6) and an exhaust pipe (9), wherein the supporting sheet (1) is arranged on the front side and the rear side of the bottom of the fuel oil heater body (2), and the air feeder (3) is arranged at the front end of the fuel oil heater body (2);
the method is characterized in that: the exhaust pipe filter is characterized by further comprising a detachable filter mechanism (10) and a connecting mechanism (11), the detachable filter mechanism (10) is fixedly arranged on the front side of the upper end of the exhaust pipe (9), the connecting mechanism (11) is arranged at the rear end of the exhaust pipe (9), the detachable filter mechanism (10) comprises a guide frame (101), a filter plate (102), a pull block (103), a filter layer (104), a buckle mechanism (105) and an upper jacking mechanism (106), the exhaust pipe (9) is embedded into the middle of the guide frame (101), the filter plate (102) is embedded into the inner side of the guide frame (101) in a clearance fit mode, the filter plate (102) penetrates through the middle of the exhaust pipe (9), the filter plate (102) and the lower end of the pull block (103) are fixed into a whole, the filter layer (104) is arranged in the middle of the filter plate (102), and the buckle mechanisms (105) are oppositely arranged on the left side and the right side of the upper end of the guide frame (101), the buckling mechanisms (105) are in buckling fit with the left side and the right side of the filter plate (102), the upper jacking mechanisms (106) are distributed at the lower end of the interior of the guide frame (101) at equal intervals, and the filter plate (102) is in contact with the upper ends of the upper jacking mechanisms (106);
the clamping mechanism (105) comprises a fixed block (1051), a positioning shaft (1052), a clamp (1053), a pressure spring (1054), a movable bead (1055), a pressure rod (1056) and a pressure button (1057), wherein the fixed block (1051) is welded and fixed with the left end inside the guide frame (101), the fixed block (1051) is in rotating fit with the middle part of the clamp (1053) through the positioning shaft (1052), the clamp (1053) is elastically connected with the left end inside the guide frame (101) through the pressure spring (1054), the clamp (1053) is in clamping fit with the left end of the filter plate (102), the movable bead (1055) is movably nested at the left lower end of the clamp (1053), the movable bead (1055) is fixed with the right end of the pressure rod (1056), the pressure rod (1056) is embedded into the left end of the guide frame (101) in a clearance fit manner, and the pressure rod (1056) is fixed with the right end of the pressure button (1057);
the upward ejection mechanism (106) comprises a sliding frame (1061), a bearing sheet (1062), a return spring (1063), a sliding plate (1064) and an ejector rod (1065), wherein the sliding frame (1061) is fixedly connected with the left lower end inside the guide frame (101), the sliding frame (1061) is locked and fixed with the lower end of the bearing sheet (1062) through a screw, the bearing sheet (1062) is elastically connected with the lower end of the sliding plate (1064) through the return spring (1063), the sliding plate (1064) is in sliding fit with the inside of the sliding frame (1061), the sliding plate (1064) is fixed with the lower end of the ejector rod (1065) into a whole, the ejector rod (1065) is embedded into the upper end of the sliding frame (1061), and the ejector rod (1065) is in contact with the lower end of the filter plate (102);
the connecting mechanism (11) comprises a connector (111), a rotary ring (112), a groove (113), a plug connector (114), a slot (115), a contraction mechanism (116) and a locking block (117), the connector (111) is communicated with the right end of the exhaust pipe (9), the connector (111) penetrates through the middle of the rotary ring (112), the connector (111) is in threaded fit with the inner side of the rotary ring (112), the groove (113) is formed in the upper side and the lower side of the connector (111) oppositely, the plug connector (114) is arranged at the right end of the connector (111), the contraction mechanism (116) is arranged in the middle of the plug connector (114), the slot (115) is formed in the middle of the contraction mechanism (116), the locking block (117) is arranged at the right upper end of the rotary ring (112), and the contraction mechanism (116) is communicated with the right end of the exhaust pipe (9);
contraction mechanism (116) includes first clamping piece (1161), connection piece (1162), first spring (1163), second spring (1164) and second clamping piece (1165), first clamping piece (1161) is embedded inside bayonet joint (114), connection piece (1162) adopt clearance fit's mode all to be embedded in first clamping piece (1161) upper right end and second clamping piece (1165) upper left end, connection piece (1162) are through first spring (1163) and the inside upper right end elastic connection of first clamping piece (1161), connection piece (1162) are through second spring (1164) and the inside upper left end elastic connection of second clamping piece (1165).
2. The fuel heating device for ultralow temperature starting of the gasoline engine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the fuel heater body (2) with advance oil pipe (4) bottom and be linked together, fuel heater body (2) are fixed through screw and battery (5) bottom locking, fuel heater body (2) are linked together through delivery pipe (6) and fuel pump (7) top to fuel pump (7) are through screw and fuel heater body (2) right back end locking fixed, fuel pump (7) bottom is provided with emission mouth (8), fuel heater body (2) rear end is provided with blast pipe (9).
3. The fuel heating device for ultralow temperature starting of the gasoline engine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the first clamping piece (1161) and the second clamping piece (1165) are provided with two pieces, and the first clamping piece (1161) and the second clamping piece (1165) are mutually annular.
4. The fuel heating device for ultralow temperature starting of the gasoline engine as claimed in claim 3, characterized in that: the upper ends of the first clamping piece (1161) and the second clamping piece (1165) are provided with connecting pieces (1162), the adjacent positions of the first clamping piece (1161) and the second clamping piece (1165) are provided with the connecting pieces (1162), and the connecting pieces (1162) are arc-shaped.
5. The fuel heating device for ultralow temperature starting of the gasoline engine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the upper end of the rotary ring (112) is provided with strip-shaped anti-slip threads, and the number of the locking blocks (117) is two and the locking blocks are respectively positioned at the left lower end and the right upper end inside the rotary ring (112).
6. The fuel heating device for ultralow temperature starting of the gasoline engine as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that: the rotary ring (112) is spiral, the rotary ring (112) gradually tapers from back to front, and the rotary ring (112) is in contact with the upper ends of the first clamping piece (1161) and the second clamping piece (1165).
CN202011120208.9A 2020-10-19 2020-10-19 Fuel oil heating device for ultralow temperature starting of gasoline engine Active CN112211760B (en)

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