CN112205639A - Water chestnut epidermis removes equipment - Google Patents

Water chestnut epidermis removes equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112205639A
CN112205639A CN202011127952.1A CN202011127952A CN112205639A CN 112205639 A CN112205639 A CN 112205639A CN 202011127952 A CN202011127952 A CN 202011127952A CN 112205639 A CN112205639 A CN 112205639A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water chestnut
base
sliding
wall
scraper
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Granted
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CN202011127952.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN112205639B (en
Inventor
胡少宇
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Individual
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • A23N7/02Peeling potatoes, apples or similarly shaped vegetables or fruit
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery processing, in particular to a water chestnut peel removing device which comprises a base, a controller, a peeling mechanism and a rotating mechanism, wherein the peeling mechanism is arranged at the top of the base and used for removing water chestnut peels, the peeling mechanism comprises a top plate, a scraper, a driving assembly and a sliding assembly, the rotating mechanism is positioned below the peeling mechanism, the rotating mechanism comprises an inserted link, a locking assembly and two supporting plates, the two supporting plates are symmetrically arranged at the top of the base, the inserted link is rotatably arranged at the top of one of the supporting plates, the locking assembly is rotatably arranged at the top of the other supporting plate, the locking assembly is in transmission connection with the driving assembly, and the driving assembly is electrically connected with the controller. Meanwhile, the removed outer skins can be collected, so that environmental pollution is prevented, and potential safety hazards are small.

Description

Water chestnut epidermis removes equipment
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agricultural machinery processing, in particular to water chestnut peel removing equipment.
Background
The corm Eleocharitis is plant of Cyperaceae and corm Eleocharitis. The creeping rootstock is thin and long. The stalks are mostly, clustered, straight, slender and cylindrical, have the height of 40-100 cm, the diameter of 2-3 mm, are grayish green, smooth and hairless, have diaphragms, and have a plurality of longitudinal stripes on the surface of the dried stalks. The leaf defect is that 2-3 leaf sheaths are only arranged at the base part of the stalk; the sheath is light brown, smooth, hairless, membranous, clasped stem, oblique sheath mouth, sharp top and 7-15 cm long. The spikelet is cylindrical, 2-4 cm long, about 3 mm in diameter, pale and slightly green. The small nuts are inverted egg-shaped, flat and biconvex, 2 mm long, 1.2 mm wide, smooth, non-constricted at the top, yellow, and the cells on the surface are in a shape of four to hexagon; the flower pillar base is flat, long and narrow triangular, is not spongy, and has an unobvious ring at the base, which is the same as the small nuts and is light in color. The flower and fruit period is 5-10 months.
Water chestnuts are rich in medicinal and edible values, are auxiliary materials of fruits or vegetables which are usually eaten at home, and are very troublesome in peeling. The prior water chestnut peeling people still use a knife to peel the water chestnut peels one by one, the peeling efficiency is very low, the labor intensity is higher, the requirements of markets on the water chestnuts cannot be met, and meanwhile, the development of deep-processed water chestnut products is greatly limited.
The problems existing in the prior art are as follows:
1. usually, a knife is used manually to peel, the peeling speed is slow, and only one water chestnut can be peeled at a time, so that the working efficiency is low, and the labor intensity is high.
2. When the water chestnut peels manually, the knife is sharp and is easy to hurt, so that certain potential safety hazards are caused, and meanwhile, the peeled water chestnut skins are easy to accumulate and are adhered to the ground, so that the water chestnut skins are inconvenient to clean and easy to cause environmental pollution.
According to the deficiency of the prior art, therefore it is necessary to design a water chestnut epidermis removing device which can automatically replace manual work, has high peeling speed, high working efficiency and better peeling effect, can collect the removed peel, prevents environmental pollution and has less potential safety hazard.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a water chestnut peel removing device.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
the water chestnut peel removing device comprises a base, a controller, a peeling mechanism and a rotating mechanism, wherein the controller is fixedly arranged at the top of the base, the peeling mechanism is arranged at the top of the base and used for removing water chestnut peels, the peeling mechanism comprises a top plate, a scraper, a driving assembly and a sliding assembly, the top plate is fixedly arranged at the top of the base, a vertical plate is arranged at the top of the base, the driving assembly is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical plate and is connected with the top plate in an inserting mode, the sliding assembly is arranged at the bottom of the top plate, the scraper is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the sliding assembly, the rotating mechanism is arranged at the top of the base and used for rotating the water chestnuts, the rotating mechanism is located below the peeling mechanism and comprises an inserting rod, a locking assembly and two supporting plates, the two supporting plates are symmetrically arranged at the top of the base, the inserting rod is rotatably arranged at the top of one of the supporting, the locking assembly is rotatably arranged at the top of the other supporting plate and is in transmission connection with the driving assembly, and the driving assembly is electrically connected with the controller.
Further, drive assembly includes double-shaft motor, runner, flywheel, belt and rotation axis, double-shaft motor is vertical to be established on the outer wall of riser, the runner cover is established on an output of double-shaft motor, and the top of roof is fixed and is equipped with the mounting panel, the rotatable setting of rotation axis is on the mounting panel to the rotation axis passes the roof, the flywheel cover is established on the outer wall of rotation axis, the belt cover is established between runner and flywheel, double-shaft motor is connected with the controller electricity.
Further, the slip subassembly includes slide, slider, gyro wheel and haulage rope, the slide slides through two draw runners and sets up the bottom at the roof, the rotatable setting of gyro wheel is in the bottom of slide, the spout has been seted up to the bottom of roof, the slider slides and sets up in the inside of spout, and the bottom of roof is equipped with the fixed block, the haulage rope cover is established on the outer wall of gyro wheel to slider and fixed block respectively with the both ends fixed connection of haulage rope, the fixed connecting rod that is equipped with in bottom of rotation axis, the fixed traction lever that is equipped with of one end that is equipped with of rotation axis is kept away from to the connecting rod, and the slide is kept away from the one end of slider and is integrated into one.
Further, locking Assembly includes loop bar, bolt, head rod and two telescopic links, the head rod passes through the rotatable setting of articulated shaft at one of them top that is close to the backup pad of biax motor, and two telescopic links are the symmetry and set up on the head rod keeps away from the one end outer wall of articulated shaft, the loop bar cover is established on the outer wall of inserted bar, loop bar and head rod respectively with the both ends fixed connection of every telescopic link, the bolt is inserted and is established on the loop bar, is equipped with the jack on the inner wall of inserted bar, the bolt is pegged graft with the jack to it is the symmetry between loop bar and the head rod and is provided with two extension springs, loop bar and head rod respectively with the both ends fixed connection of every extension spring.
Furthermore, a first bevel gear is sleeved at the other output end of the double-shaft motor, a second bevel gear is sleeved at one end, away from the first connecting rod, of the hinge shaft, the first bevel gear is in meshed connection with the second bevel gear, and the first bevel gear is larger than the second bevel gear.
Further, the both ends of slider are the symmetry and are provided with two second connecting rods, and the bottom of every second connecting rod is all fixed and is equipped with the scraper blade, and the side of scraper is the symmetry and is provided with two cages, and the inner wall of every cage is the oblique angle structure to every scraper blade all is connected with the inner wall laminating of a cage, and the top of every cage has all been seted up and has been supplied the gliding breach of dodging of second connecting rod, and the top of base is equipped with first collection box, first collection box is located the below of two cages.
Further, the scraper is V type structure, and the bottom of slider is fixed and is equipped with the elastic rod, the bottom fixedly connected with installation piece of elastic rod, the scraper passes through bolt fixed connection with the bottom of installation piece.
Further, the fixed gag lever post that is equipped with in inside of spout, the gag lever post is pegged graft with the slider to the cover is equipped with expanding spring on the outer wall of gag lever post, and the inner wall of spout and the one end outer wall that the slider is close to expanding spring respectively with expanding spring's both ends fixed connection.
Furthermore, the below of inserted bar is the slope and is provided with the pay-off slide, and the top of base is equipped with the second and collects the box, the bottom of pay-off slide and the top overlap joint of box are collected to the second.
Further, the bottom of pay-off slide is through two bracing piece fixed connection with the top of base to the top of base is the symmetry and is provided with two stoppers, the bottom of every stopper all with the top fixed connection of base, the second is collected the box and is located between two stoppers.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. according to the invention, the scraper, the driving assembly and the sliding assembly are designed, and the sliding assembly is started through the driving assembly, so that the water chestnuts are automatically peeled by driving the scraper through the sliding block, an automatic peeling mode is replaced by an automatic peeling mode, the peeling speed is increased, the water chestnut peeling efficiency is further improved, and the labor intensity and the potential safety hazard are reduced.
2. According to the invention, through designing the rotating mechanism, namely the inserting rod, the locking assembly and the two supporting plates, the water chestnuts are firstly arranged on the inserting rod in a penetrating manner, and then the inserting rod is connected with the locking assembly, so that a plurality of water chestnuts on the inserting rod can synchronously rotate while the scraper peels, all the skins of the water chestnuts are ensured to be cut, the removing effect is improved, and the skin residue problem caused by manual peeling is avoided.
3. Synthesize two beneficial effect 1 and 2, through designing first bevel gear and second bevel gear, and design first bevel gear into to be bigger than second bevel gear, utilize speed-increasing formula project organization, make drive assembly drive the scraper when slowing the horizontal slip and peeling, can drive all water chestnuts on the inserted bar in step and carry out the fast rotation, thereby guarantee that all water chestnuts homoenergetic are effectively peeld, compare in prior art, realized peeling in batches of water chestnuts, and the machining efficiency is promoted, is favorable to enlarging output simultaneously, and the income is improved.
4. According to the invention, through designing the two groups of symmetrical scrapers, the second connecting rods and the isolating cover and fixing the two second connecting rods and the sliding block, the scrapers can be brought out to scatter water chestnut skins adhered to the inner wall of the isolating cover and can be scraped into the first collecting box when the sliding block slides, compared with the prior art, the problems of accumulation and adhesion of the scraped water chestnut skins to the ground can be prevented, the subsequent cleaning of the water chestnut skins is facilitated, and the environmental pollution is avoided.
5. Synthesize 1, 2 and 4 three beneficial effects, when getting rid of the water chestnut epidermis, can drive a plurality of water chestnut rotation on the inserted bar in step, guarantee that all epidermis homoenergetic of water chestnut are got rid of effectively, simultaneously in peeing, can strike off the water chestnut epidermis that cuts down in step again, and scrape the inside collection that falls to first collection box, prevent to cause the pollution, a plurality of mechanisms only rely on same driving source, the biax motor is electronic promptly, the power consumption of this equipment has been reduced, be favorable to reducing the peeling cost of water chestnut simultaneously.
6 the scraper design of V type structure can strike off the epidermis of water chestnut outer lane when the scraper slides, and slide at every turn when between per two water chestnuts when the scraper, can strike off the surplus epidermis at the both ends of water chestnut smoothly again, thereby strike off all epidermis of water chestnut totally, and then promote and peel efficiency, the design of elastic rod gives the certain elasticity of scraper, when realizing peeling, can guarantee again that the scraper does not receive and block, slide smoothly, and can satisfy the peeling requirement of the water chestnut of equidimension not, the flexibility and the practicality of this equipment have further been promoted.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention are briefly described below.
FIG. 1 is a first perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is an enlarged view taken at A in FIG. 1;
FIG. 3 is a schematic perspective view of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is an enlarged view of FIG. 3 at B;
FIG. 5 is a plan cross-sectional view of the elastic bar and scraper blade of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a perspective view of the sliding assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view at C of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a perspective view of the locking assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is an enlarged view of FIG. 8 at D;
in the figure: the peeling machine comprises a base 1, an isolation cover 10, a first collection box 110, a feeding slideway 12, a second collection box 120, a controller 2, a peeling mechanism 3, a top plate 30, a fixing block 300, a scraper 31, an elastic rod 310, a driving component 32, a double-shaft motor 320, a rotating wheel 321, a flywheel 322, a belt 323, a rotating shaft 324, a connecting rod 325, a traction rod 326, a first bevel gear 327, a second bevel gear 328, a sliding component 33, a sliding plate 330, a sliding block 331, a roller 332, a traction rope 333, a second connecting rod 334, a scraper 335, a limiting rod 336, a telescopic spring 337, a rotating mechanism 4, an inserted rod 40, a locking component 41, a loop rod 410, a plug pin 411, a first connecting rod 412, a telescopic rod 413, a tension spring 414 and a.
Detailed Description
The technical scheme of the invention is further explained by the specific implementation mode in combination with the attached drawings.
Wherein the showings are for the purpose of illustration only and are shown by way of illustration only and not in actual form, and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent; to better illustrate the embodiments of the present invention, some components of the drawings may be omitted, enlarged or reduced, and do not represent the size of an actual product.
Referring to fig. 1 to 9, the water chestnut peeling apparatus includes a base 1, a controller 2, a peeling mechanism 3 and a rotating mechanism 4, the controller 2 is fixedly disposed on the top of the base 1, the peeling mechanism 3 is disposed on the top of the base 1 for peeling the water chestnut peel, the peeling mechanism 3 includes a top plate 30, a scraper 31, a driving assembly 32 and a sliding assembly 33, the top plate 30 is fixedly disposed on the top of the base 1, a vertical plate is disposed on the top of the base 1, the driving assembly 32 is disposed on the outer wall of the vertical plate, the driving assembly 32 is inserted into the top plate 30, the sliding assembly 33 is disposed on the bottom of the top plate 30, the scraper 31 is fixedly disposed on the bottom of the sliding assembly 33, the rotating mechanism 4 is disposed on the top of the base 1 for rotating the water chestnut, the rotating mechanism 4 is disposed below the peeling mechanism 3, the rotating mechanism 4 includes an insertion rod 40, a first guide rod, a second guide rod, and a, The locking device comprises a locking component 41 and two supporting plates 42, wherein the two supporting plates 42 are symmetrically arranged on the top of the base 1, the inserted link 40 is rotatably arranged on the top of one supporting plate 42, the locking component 41 is rotatably arranged on the top of the other supporting plate 42, the locking component 41 is in transmission connection with the driving component 32, and the driving component 32 is electrically connected with the controller 2.
The driving assembly 32 includes a biaxial motor 320, a rotating wheel 321, a flywheel 322, a belt 323 and a rotating shaft 324, the double-shaft motor 320 is vertically arranged on the outer wall of the vertical plate, the rotating wheel 321 is sleeved on one output end of the double-shaft motor 320, the top of the top plate 30 is fixedly provided with a mounting plate, the rotating shaft 324 is rotatably arranged on the mounting plate, and the rotating shaft 324 penetrates the top plate 30, the flywheel 322 is sleeved on the outer wall of the rotating shaft 324, the belt 323 is sleeved between the rotating wheel 321 and the flywheel 322, the double-shaft motor 320 is electrically connected with the controller 2, after a plurality of water chestnuts are inserted, the controller 2 starts the double-shaft motor 320, so as to drive the rotating wheel 321 to rotate, because the rotating wheel 321 is sleeved with the flywheel 322 through the belt 323, the flywheel 322 is sleeved with the rotating shaft 324, and the rotating shaft 324 is rotatably connected with the mounting plate and is inserted into the top plate 30, the rotating shaft 324 is driven to rotate.
The sliding assembly 33 comprises a sliding plate 330, a sliding block 331, a roller 332 and a traction rope 333, the sliding plate 330 is slidably arranged at the bottom of the top plate 30 through two sliding bars, the roller 332 is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the sliding plate 330, a sliding groove is formed at the bottom of the top plate 30, the sliding block 331 is slidably arranged inside the sliding groove, a fixing block 300 is arranged at the bottom of the top plate 30, the traction rope 333 is sleeved on the outer wall of the roller 332, the sliding block 331 and the fixing block 300 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the traction rope 333, a connecting rod 325 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rotating shaft 324, a traction rod 326 is fixedly arranged at one end of the connecting rod 325 far away from the rotating shaft 324, one end of the sliding plate 330 far away from the sliding block 331 is integrally formed and provided with an arc-shaped groove, the traction rod 326 is inserted in the arc-shaped groove, therefore, the traction rod 326 is driven to rotate, the traction rod 326 is inserted into the arc-shaped groove on the sliding plate 330, the sliding plate 330 is in sliding connection with the top plate 30, the sliding plate 330 is driven to slide towards one end close to the sliding block 331, the roller 332 is in rotating connection with the sliding plate 330, the sliding block 331 is in sliding connection with the top plate 30, the fixing block 300 is fixedly connected with the top plate 30, the traction rope 333 is sleeved with the roller 332, the sliding block 331 and the fixing block 300 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of the traction rope 333, and then the sliding block 331 is driven to horizontally slide towards one end far away from the sliding plate 330 by the pulling force of the traction rope 333 and the rotation of the roller 332.
The locking assembly 41 comprises a loop bar 410, a bolt 411, a first connecting bar 412 and two telescopic bars 413, the first connecting bar 412 is rotatably arranged at the top of one of the supporting plates 42 close to the double-shaft motor 320 through a hinged shaft, the two telescopic bars 413 are symmetrically arranged on the outer wall of one end of the first connecting bar 412 far away from the hinged shaft, the loop bar 410 is sleeved on the outer wall of the inserted bar 40, the loop bar 410 and the first connecting bar 412 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of each telescopic bar 413, the bolt 411 is inserted on the loop bar 410, a jack is arranged on the inner wall of the inserted bar 40, the bolt 411 is inserted in the jack, two tension springs 414 are symmetrically arranged between the loop bar 410 and the first connecting bar 412, the loop bar 410 and the first connecting bar 412 are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of each tension spring 414, before peeling of water chestnuts is performed, rootstocks at two ends of water chestnuts are firstly cut with a knife, then regard the center of water chestnut as the basic point and alternate its equidistant on the outer wall of inserted bar 40 in proper order, once can wear to insert a plurality of, after wearing, pull loop bar 410 to the state of pegging graft with loop bar 410, then pass loop bar 410 with bolt 411, until inside inserting the jack on inserted bar 40, at this moment, two telescopic links 413 are for stretching out the state, be about to loop bar 410, inserted bar 40 and connecting rod link state as an organic whole, be rotatory when guaranteeing that a plurality of water chestnut can be peeld, thereby make the crust homoenergetic on its surface get rid of, the design of two extension springs 414 and two telescopic links 413 can make loop bar 410 when extracting from inserted bar 40, can automatic retraction to the one end that is close to the connecting rod, and then guarantee that the water chestnut after peeling can the unloading smoothly.
The other output end of the double-shaft motor 320 is sleeved with a first bevel gear 327, one end of the hinge shaft far away from the first connecting rod 412 is sleeved with a second bevel gear 328, the first bevel gear 327 is in meshed connection with the second bevel gear 328, and the first bevel gear 327 is larger than the second bevel gear 328, when the scraper 31 slowly slides horizontally, because the first bevel gear 327 is sleeved with the output end of the dual-shaft motor 320, the first bevel gear 327 is engaged with the second bevel gear 328, the second bevel gear 328 is sleeved with the hinge shaft, the hinge shaft is fixedly connected with the first connecting rod 412, thereby driving the first connecting rod 412 to rotate, the first bevel gear 327 is designed to be larger than the second bevel gear 328, so as to play a role of increasing speed, while ensuring that the scraper 31 slides horizontally at a slow speed, a plurality of water chestnuts rotate fast along with the first connecting rod 412, and therefore the skins of all the water chestnuts can be effectively scraped.
Two ends of the sliding block 331 are symmetrically provided with two second connecting rods 334, the bottom of each second connecting rod 334 is fixedly provided with a scraper 335, the side of the scraper 31 is symmetrically provided with two isolation hoods 10, the inner wall of each isolation hood 10 is of an oblique angle structure, each scraper 335 is attached to the inner wall of one isolation hood 10, the top of each isolation hood 10 is provided with an avoidance notch for the second connecting rod 334 to slide, the top of the base 1 is provided with a first collecting box 110, the first collecting box 110 is positioned below the two isolation hoods 10, when the water chestnut peeling process is carried out for the same 4, the scraped skins scatter from inside to outside by using the inserting rod 40 as a base point, at the moment, the two isolation hoods 10 are used for blocking the scattered skins, and the skins are easy to adhere to the inner wall of the isolation hoods 10 due to certain moisture, and the two scrapers 335 can horizontally slide along with the sliding block 331 through the second connecting rods 334, the water chestnut epidermis of adhesion on cage 10 inner wall after scattering is scraped in step to scrape off its inside to first collection box 110, and collect, prevent effectively among the prior art water chestnut epidermis to scrape off the problem of afterwards piling up at will and gluing on ground, solved the inconvenient problem of clearance, avoided environmental pollution simultaneously.
The scraper 31 is of a V-shaped structure, the elastic rod 310 is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the sliding block 331, the bottom of the elastic rod 310 is fixedly connected with an installation block, the scraper 31 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the installation block through a bolt, the scraper 31 of the V-shaped structure is designed to scrape the skins of the outer rings of the water chestnuts when the scraper 31 slides, when the scraper 31 slides between every two water chestnuts at every time, the residual skins at the two ends of the water chestnuts can be scraped smoothly, all the skins of the water chestnuts are scraped completely, the peeling efficiency is improved, the scraper 31 is given certain elasticity by the design of the elastic rod 310, the peeling is realized, the scraper 31 can be prevented from being blocked and can slide smoothly, the peeling requirements of the water chestnuts with different sizes can be met, and the flexibility and the practicability of the device are further improved.
The inside of spout is fixed and is equipped with gag lever post 336, gag lever post 336 pegs graft with slider 331, and the cover is equipped with expanding spring 337 on gag lever post 336's the outer wall, the inner wall of spout and the one end outer wall that slider 331 is close to expanding spring 337 respectively with expanding spring 337's both ends fixed connection, expanding spring 337 plays the gliding effect of assurance scraper 31 slow speed, gag lever post 336 is the steady slip of assurance slider 331, thereby guarantee scraper 31 and steadily slide, secondly, be used for preventing that expanding spring 337 from warping, thereby be favorable to prolonging expanding spring 337's life, promote the holistic practicality of this equipment.
The feeding slide way 12 is obliquely arranged below the inserted rod 40, the second collecting box 120 is arranged at the top of the base 1, the bottom of the feeding slide way 12 is in lap joint with the top of the second collecting box 120, and after the loop bar 410 is taken down from the inserted rod 40, water chestnuts are manually pulled down from the inserted rod 40 to the feeding slide way 12 one by one, and then the water chestnuts slide into the second collecting box 120 through the feeding slide way 12 to be collected.
The bottom of the feeding slideway 12 is fixedly connected with the top of the base 1 through two support rods, the top of the base 1 is symmetrically provided with two limit blocks, the bottom of each limit block is fixedly connected with the top of the base 1, the second collecting box 120 is positioned between the two limit blocks, and the two limit blocks are used for blocking two ends of the second collecting box 120, so that the second collecting box 120 is prevented from displacing, and the peeled water chestnuts can smoothly enter the second collecting box 120 from the feeding slideway 12 for transportation.
The working principle of the invention is as follows: before peeling of the water chestnuts, firstly, rhizomes at two ends of the water chestnuts are cut and removed by a knife, then the water chestnuts are sequentially inserted into the outer wall of the insertion rod 40 at equal intervals by taking the centers of the water chestnuts as base points, a plurality of water chestnuts can be inserted once, after the water chestnuts are inserted, the sleeve rod 410 is pulled to be in an inserted state with the sleeve rod 410, then the sleeve rod 410 is penetrated by the bolt 411 until the water chestnuts are inserted into the insertion hole in the insertion rod 40, at the moment, the two telescopic rods 413 are in an extended state, namely, the sleeve rod 410, the insertion rod 40 and the connecting rod are connected into a whole, the water chestnuts can rotate when being peeled, so that outer skins on the surfaces of the water chestnuts can be removed, the two tension springs 414 and the two telescopic rods 413 are designed to enable the sleeve rod 410 to be automatically retracted close to one end of the connecting rod when being pulled out of the peeled insertion rod 40, and the water chestnuts.
After a plurality of water chestnuts are inserted, the controller 2 starts the double-shaft motor 320, so that the rotating wheel 321 is driven to rotate, the rotating wheel 321 is sleeved with the flywheel 322 through the belt 323, the flywheel 322 is sleeved with the rotating shaft 324, and the rotating shaft 324 is rotatably connected with the mounting plate and is inserted into the top plate 30, so that the rotating shaft 324 is driven to rotate.
When the rotating shaft 324 rotates, the connecting rod 325 is fixedly connected with the rotating shaft 324, the connecting rod 325 is fixedly connected with the traction rod 326, so the traction rod 326 is driven to rotate, the traction rod 326 is inserted into the arc-shaped groove on the sliding plate 330, the sliding plate 330 is slidably connected with the top plate 30, so the sliding plate 330 is driven to slide towards one end close to the sliding block 331, the roller 332 is rotatably connected with the sliding plate 330, the sliding block 331 is slidably connected with the top plate 30, the fixed block 300 is fixedly connected with the top plate 30, the traction rope 333 is sleeved with the roller 332, the sliding block 331 and the fixed block 300 are respectively fixedly connected with two ends of the traction rope 333, so the sliding block 331 is driven to horizontally slide towards one end far away from the sliding plate 330 by the pulling force of the traction rope 333 and the rotation of the roller 332, the scraper 31 at the bottom of the sliding block 331 is further driven to horizontally slide, the, thereby guarantee that scraper 31 steadily slides, secondly be used for preventing expanding spring 337 from warping to be favorable to prolonging expanding spring 337's life, promote the holistic practicality of this equipment.
When scraper 31 slows the horizontal slip, because first bevel gear 327 cup joints with the output of biax motor 320, first bevel gear 327 and second bevel gear 328 meshing connection, second bevel gear 328 cup joints with the articulated shaft, the articulated shaft and head rod 412 fixed connection, thereby it is rotatory to drive head rod 412, design first bevel gear 327 into than second bevel gear 328 big, play the acceleration rate effect, guarantee scraper 31 when slowing the horizontal slip, a plurality of water chestnut follows head rod 412 fast revolution, and then guarantee that the epidermis homoenergetic of every water chestnut is effectively scraped.
The scraper 31 design of V type structure can strike off the epidermis of water chestnut outer lane when scraper 31 slides, and slide at every turn when between per two water chestnuts as scraper 31, can strike off the surplus epidermis at the both ends of water chestnut smoothly again, thereby all epidermis with water chestnut all strikes off totally, and then promote peeling efficiency, scraper 31 certain elasticity is given in the design of elastic rod 310, when realizing peeling, can guarantee again that scraper 31 does not receive and block, slide smoothly, and can satisfy the peeling requirement of the water chestnut of equidimension not, the flexibility and the practicality of this equipment have further been promoted.
When peeling off water chestnut and 4, the scraped peel can scatter towards both ends from inside to outside by taking the inserted bar 40 as a base point, at the moment, the two isolation hoods 10 are used for blocking the scattered peel, and the peel has certain moisture, so the peel is easily adhered to the inner wall of the isolation hoods 10, when the two scraping plates 335 horizontally slide along the sliding block 331 through the second connecting rod 334, the scattered peel of the water chestnut adhered to the inner wall of the isolation hood 10 is synchronously scraped, so the peel of the water chestnut is scraped to the inside of the first collecting box 110 and collected, the problems of random stacking and adhesion to the ground after the peel of the water chestnut in the prior art is effectively prevented, the problem of inconvenient cleaning is solved, and the environmental pollution is avoided at the same time.
When the peeling of the water chestnuts is finished, the plug pin 411 is pulled out, then the sleeve rod 410 is pulled out from the plug rod 40, then the water chestnuts are manually pulled down from the plug rod 40 to the feeding slideway 12 one by one, then the water chestnuts slide into the second collecting box 120 through the feeding slideway 12 to be collected, and the two limit blocks are used for blocking the two ends of the second collecting box 120, so that the water chestnuts are prevented from moving, and the peeled water chestnuts can smoothly enter the second collecting box 120 from the feeding slideway 12 to be conveyed.

Claims (10)

1. A water chestnut epidermis removes equipment, includes base (1), its characterized in that: the water chestnut peeling machine is characterized by further comprising a controller (2), a peeling mechanism (3) and a rotating mechanism (4), wherein the controller (2) is fixedly arranged at the top of the base (1), the peeling mechanism (3) is arranged at the top of the base (1) and used for removing water chestnut skins, the peeling mechanism (3) comprises a top plate (30), a scraper (31), a driving assembly (32) and a sliding assembly (33), the top plate (30) is fixedly arranged at the top of the base (1), a vertical plate is arranged at the top of the base (1), the driving assembly (32) is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical plate, the driving assembly (32) is connected with the top plate (30) in an inserting mode, the sliding assembly (33) is arranged at the bottom of the top plate (30), the scraper (31) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the sliding assembly (33), the rotating mechanism (4) is arranged at the top of the base (1) and used for rotating water chestnuts, and the rotating mechanism (4) is located below the peeling mechanism (, the rotating mechanism (4) comprises an inserting rod (40), a locking assembly (41) and two supporting plates (42), the two supporting plates (42) are symmetrically arranged at the top of the base (1), the inserting rod (40) is rotatably arranged at the top of one supporting plate (42), the locking assembly (41) is rotatably arranged at the top of the other supporting plate (42), the locking assembly (41) is in transmission connection with the driving assembly (32), and the driving assembly (32) is electrically connected with the controller (2).
2. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 1, wherein: drive assembly (32) include biax motor (320), runner (321), flywheel (322), belt (323) and rotation axis (324), biax motor (320) are vertical to be established on the outer wall of riser, runner (321) cover is established on an output of biax motor (320), and the fixed mounting panel that is equipped with in top of roof (30), the rotatable setting of rotation axis (324) is on the mounting panel to rotation axis (324) pass roof (30), flywheel (322) cover is established on the outer wall of rotation axis (324), belt (323) cover is established between runner (321) and flywheel (322), biax motor (320) are connected with controller (2) electricity.
3. The water chestnut peel removing apparatus as set forth in claim 2, wherein: the sliding assembly (33) comprises a sliding plate (330), a sliding block (331), a roller (332) and a traction rope (333), the sliding plate (330) is arranged at the bottom of the top plate (30) in a sliding mode through two sliding strips, the roller (332) is rotatably arranged at the bottom of the sliding plate (330), a sliding groove is formed in the bottom of the top plate (30), the sliding block (331) is arranged in the sliding groove in a sliding mode, a fixing block (300) is arranged at the bottom of the top plate (30), the traction rope (333) is sleeved on the outer wall of the roller (332), the sliding block (331) and the fixing block (300) are fixedly connected with the two ends of the traction rope (333) respectively, a connecting rod (325) is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the rotating shaft (324), a traction rod (326) is fixedly arranged at one end, far away from the rotating shaft (324), of the sliding plate (330) is provided with an arc-shaped groove, the draw bar (326) is inserted with the arc-shaped groove.
4. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 3, wherein: the locking component (41) comprises a loop bar (410), a bolt (411), a first connecting bar (412) and two telescopic bars (413), the first connecting rod (412) is rotatably arranged at the top of one of the supporting plates (42) close to the double-shaft motor (320) through a hinged shaft, the two telescopic rods (413) are symmetrically arranged on the outer wall of one end of the first connecting rod (412) far away from the hinged shaft, the loop bar (410) is sleeved on the outer wall of the inserted bar (40), the loop bar (410) and the first connecting bar (412) are respectively and fixedly connected with the two ends of each telescopic bar (413), the plug pin (411) is inserted on the loop bar (410), the inner wall of the insertion bar (40) is provided with an insertion hole, the plug pin (411) is inserted with the insertion hole, two tension springs (414) are symmetrically arranged between the loop bar (410) and the first connecting rod (412), and the loop bar (410) and the first connecting rod (412) are respectively and fixedly connected with two ends of each tension spring (414).
5. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 4, wherein: the other output end of the double-shaft motor (320) is sleeved with a first bevel gear (327), one end, away from the first connecting rod (412), of the hinged shaft is sleeved with a second bevel gear (328), the first bevel gear (327) is in meshed connection with the second bevel gear (328), and the first bevel gear (327) is larger than the second bevel gear (328).
6. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus as claimed in claim 5, wherein: the both ends of slider (331) are the symmetry and are provided with two second connecting rods (334), the bottom of every second connecting rod (334) is all fixed and is equipped with scraper blade (335), the side of scraper (31) is the symmetry and is provided with two cage (10), the inner wall of every cage (10) is the oblique angle structure, and every scraper blade (335) all is connected with the inner wall laminating of a cage (10), the gliding breach of dodging of second connecting rod (334) can be supplied all seted up at the top of every cage (10), the top of base (1) is equipped with first collection box (110), first collection box (110) are located the below of two cage (10).
7. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 6, wherein: scraper (31) are V type structure, and the bottom of slider (331) is fixed and is equipped with elastic rod (310), the bottom fixedly connected with installation piece of elastic rod (310), bolt fixed connection is passed through with the bottom of installation piece in scraper (31).
8. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 7, wherein: the fixed gag lever post (336) that is equipped with in inside of spout, gag lever post (336) are pegged graft with slider (331) to the cover is equipped with expanding spring (337) on the outer wall of gag lever post (336), and the inner wall of spout and slider (331) are close to the one end outer wall of expanding spring (337) respectively with the both ends fixed connection of expanding spring (337).
9. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 8, wherein: the lower part of the inserted rod (40) is obliquely provided with a feeding slide way (12), the top of the base (1) is provided with a second collecting box (120), and the bottom of the feeding slide way (12) is in lap joint with the top of the second collecting box (120).
10. The water chestnut peel removal apparatus of claim 9, wherein: the bottom of pay-off slide (12) and the top of base (1) are through two bracing piece fixed connection to the top of base (1) is the symmetry and is provided with two stoppers, the bottom of every stopper all with the top fixed connection of base (1), box (120) are collected to the second is located between two stoppers.
CN202011127952.1A 2020-10-20 2020-10-20 Water chestnut epidermis removes equipment Active CN112205639B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011127952.1A CN112205639B (en) 2020-10-20 2020-10-20 Water chestnut epidermis removes equipment

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011127952.1A CN112205639B (en) 2020-10-20 2020-10-20 Water chestnut epidermis removes equipment

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CN112205639B CN112205639B (en) 2022-05-31

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5220865A (en) * 1992-04-20 1993-06-22 Tatsuo Nagaoka Peeling apparatus
CN110122895A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-16 竺浩杰 A kind of automatic peeling device of fruit
CN210054538U (en) * 2019-01-30 2020-02-14 广州富港万嘉智能科技有限公司 Melon and fruit peeling mechanism
CN210988101U (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-07-14 王晨宇 Orange peeling device
CN211241640U (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-08-14 西安东嘉贸易有限公司 Apple deep-processing is with device of peeling

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5220865A (en) * 1992-04-20 1993-06-22 Tatsuo Nagaoka Peeling apparatus
CN210054538U (en) * 2019-01-30 2020-02-14 广州富港万嘉智能科技有限公司 Melon and fruit peeling mechanism
CN110122895A (en) * 2019-05-29 2019-08-16 竺浩杰 A kind of automatic peeling device of fruit
CN211241640U (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-08-14 西安东嘉贸易有限公司 Apple deep-processing is with device of peeling
CN210988101U (en) * 2019-12-05 2020-07-14 王晨宇 Orange peeling device

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