Automatic air purification equipment adopting electrostatic dust collection
The invention belongs to the technical field of environment-friendly equipment, and particularly relates to automatic air purification equipment adopting electrostatic dust collection.
The electrostatic dust collection is a kind of gas dust collection method, the dusty gas is separated electrically when passing through the high voltage electrostatic field, the dust particle and the negative ion are charged negatively and then tend to the anode surface to discharge and deposit, the electrostatic dust collector is a kind of common industrial dust collector, it is through loading the high voltage electricity between the cylinder wall of the dust collection cylinder and the corona wire extending along the dust collection cylinder axis, make the air in the dust collection cylinder ionize, thus make the dust particle charged, and fly to the dust collection electrode plate, along with the dust accumulation on the cylinder wall of the dust collection cylinder, the electric field intensity in the dust collection cylinder will be weaker and weaker, therefore, it is necessary to clear the dust on the electrode plate surface regularly.
Reference may be made to patent application No. CN201510666476.3, which discloses an electrostatic precipitator comprising a dust removing cylinder having an air inlet at a lower portion and an air outlet at an upper portion; the upper end of the dust removing cylinder is closed, and a corona wire extends downwards along the axial line of the dust removing cylinder; the lower end of the dust removing cylinder is provided with a discharge hopper; the dedusting cylinder is divided into an upper half section and a lower half section, the opposite ports of the upper half section and the lower half section respectively form horizontal annular folded plates, a transformer iron core surrounding the inner cavity of the dedusting cylinder is clamped between the two annular folded plates, and the annular folded plates are relatively fixed with silicon steel sheets of the transformer iron core; and the transformer core is provided with a primary coil and a secondary coil, the secondary coil is electrically connected with the rectifying module, and the rectifying module outputs to the corona wire and the cylinder wall of the dust removing cylinder.
Based on the retrieval of above-mentioned patent to and combine the equipment discovery among the prior art, current dust collecting equipment lacks the collection device to the dust when getting rid of electrode plate surface dust, causes secondary pollution easily, and electrostatic precipitator is relatively poor to the adsorption efficiency of big granule moreover, leads to not good to the effect that the air purifies.
In view of the above, the present invention provides an automatic air purifying apparatus using electrostatic dust collection, which is developed and improved in view of the existing structure and defects, so as to achieve the purpose of higher practical value.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides an automatic air purification device adopting electrostatic dust collection, which aims to solve the problems that the conventional dust removal device is lack of a dust collection device when dust on the surface of an electrode plate is removed, secondary pollution is easily caused, and the air purification effect is poor due to poor adsorption effect of electrostatic dust removal on large particles.
The invention relates to an automatic air purification device adopting electrostatic dust collection, which has the purposes and effects that the invention is achieved by the following specific technical means: an automatic air purification device adopting electrostatic dust collection comprises a filter chamber; the lower end of the filtering chamber is provided with a bottom plate, and the left end and the right end of the filtering chamber are provided with electrode plates; the lower end of the left side of the bottom plate is provided with a Y-shaped pipe, and the lower end of the Y-shaped pipe is fixedly connected with the collecting box; an air inlet pipe is arranged on the left side of the filtering chamber, an exhaust pipe is arranged on the right side of the filtering chamber, and a filtering device is arranged in the exhaust pipe; the electrode plate is uniformly provided with track grooves, outer boxes are arranged outside the track grooves, and cleaning devices are arranged inside the outer boxes; two groups of protective housings are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the filter chamber in an aligned mode, and the transmission shaft penetrates through the side plates of the protective housings and is in transmission connection with the motor A.
Further, cleaning device includes reciprocal lead screw, driven gear, slider and cleans the board, and reciprocal lead screw lower extreme passes the slider and rotates with the outer box base to be connected, and reciprocal lead screw upper end passes outer box roof and with driven gear fixed connection, and the slider slides and clamps in the track inslot portion, and slider and clean board fixed connection.
Further, the outer surface of the lower end of the track groove is provided with a brush cleaning rod, arc-shaped bulges are uniformly arranged on the surface of the brush cleaning rod, and the distance between the brush cleaning rod and the electrode plate is half of the length of the brush on the cleaning plate.
Furthermore, the middle of the bottom plate is of a conical structure, two groups of collecting grooves are symmetrically arranged at two ends of the bottom plate, and the bottom ends of the collecting grooves are of a semicircular structure.
Further, a spiral propeller is arranged inside the collecting tank, the outer end face of a spiral blade on the spiral propeller is attached to the inner surface of the collecting tank, and the right end of the spiral propeller penetrates through the right side plate of the filtering chamber and is in transmission connection with a motor B.
Further, filter equipment includes filter screen, scraper blade, connecting axle and belt, filter screen and blast pipe fixed connection, and the connecting axle surface is equipped with the scraper blade, scraper blade and the laminating of filter screen, and the connecting axle passes through the belt and is connected with the last axis of rotation transmission of screw propeller.
Furthermore, four groups of driving gears are uniformly arranged on the transmission shaft, and the driving gears are meshed with the driven gears.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
according to the invention, the driving gear on the transmission shaft is meshed with the driven gear at the top end of the reciprocating lead screw, and the slider is in threaded connection with the reciprocating lead screw, so that the slider can move up and down in the rotation process of the reciprocating lead screw, and the sweeping plate is driven to sweep dust on the surface of the electrode plate, thereby ensuring the cleanness of the surface of the electrode plate and preventing a large amount of dust from being accumulated on the surface of the electrode plate.
Be equipped with a brush through the lower extreme surface in track groove and clean the stick, and the brush cleans the stick and for cleaning the setting of half of brush length on the board apart from the distance of electrode plate surface for the brush hair on the board that cleans takes place the swing when passing through the brush and clean the stick, can drop the dust on the brush hair at the swing in-process, lets the brush hair keep clean constantly, prevents to clean the brush hair on board surface and can be infected with the dust, makes and cleans not thorough phenomenon and takes place.
Be the toper structure in the middle of through the bottom plate, and the inside setting that is equipped with screw propeller of collecting vat, make the sweeping board clean the dust on electrode plate surface and can slide to the collecting vat after getting off inside, then in the collecting vat is pushed down in screw propeller's promotion, also have partly dust to fall the centre of bottom plate simultaneously, can make the dust that falls on the bottom plate can slide to the collecting vat inside through the setting of toper structure in the middle of the bottom plate, can prevent gathering of bottom plate surface dust, the cleanness of bottom plate is guaranteed neatly.
Still pass through the setting that the pivot transmission on belt and the screw propeller is connected through the connecting axle, can make the rotation of screw propeller can drive the rotation of connecting axle to make the rotation that the scraper blade does not stop at the surface of filter screen, played the effect of cleaning to the filter screen, guaranteed the unblocked of filter screen.
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the present invention.
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the internal structure of the filtration chamber of the present invention.
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the structure of the cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is an enlarged schematic view of the structure of fig. 3 a according to the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a schematic view of the structure of the filter device of the present invention.
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the structure of the cleaning apparatus of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic view of the propeller structure of the present invention.
In the drawings, the corresponding relationship between the component names and the reference numbers is as follows:
1. a filtering chamber; 101. an air inlet pipe; 102. an exhaust pipe; 103. an electrode plate; 1031. a track groove; 104. a base plate; 1041. collecting tank; 2. a protective housing; 3. a Y-shaped pipe; 301. a collection box; 4. a cleaning device; 401. a reciprocating screw; 402. a driven gear; 403. a slider; 404. cleaning the board; 5. a motor A; 501. a drive shaft; 502. a driving gear; 6. a brush cleaning rod; 601. an arc-shaped bulge; 7. an outer box; 8. a motor B; 801. a screw propeller; 9. a filtration device; 901. a filter screen; 902. a squeegee; 903. a connecting shaft; 904. a belt.
The embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail with reference to the drawings and examples. The following examples are intended to illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
In the description of the present invention, "a plurality" means two or more unless otherwise specified; the terms "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "inner", "outer", "front", "rear", "head", "tail", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are only for convenience in describing and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed in a particular orientation, and be operated, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," "third," and the like are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it is to be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "connected" and "connected" are to be interpreted broadly, e.g., as being fixed or detachable or integrally connected; can be mechanically or electrically connected; may be directly connected or indirectly connected through an intermediate. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
as shown in figures 1 to 7:
the invention provides an automatic air purification device adopting electrostatic dust collection, which comprises a filter chamber 1; a bottom plate 104 is arranged at the lower end of the filtering chamber 1, and electrode plates 103 are arranged at the left end and the right end of the filtering chamber 1; the lower end of the left side of the bottom plate 104 is provided with a Y-shaped pipe 3, and the lower end of the Y-shaped pipe 3 is fixedly connected with the collection box 301; an air inlet pipe 101 is arranged at the left side of the filtering chamber 1, an air outlet pipe 102 is arranged at the right side of the filtering chamber 1, and a filtering device 9 is arranged in the air outlet pipe 102; the electrode plate 103 is uniformly provided with rail slots 1031, an outer box 7 is arranged outside the rail slots 1031, and a cleaning device 4 is arranged inside the outer box 7; two groups of protective housings 2 are arranged on the front side and the rear side of the filter chamber 1 in an aligned mode, and the transmission shaft 501 penetrates through the side plates of the protective housings 2 and is in transmission connection with a motor A5.
Wherein, cleaning device 4 includes reciprocal lead screw 401, driven gear 402, slider 403 and cleaning plate 404, reciprocal lead screw 401 lower extreme passes slider 403 and rotates with outer container 7 base to be connected, reciprocal lead screw 401 upper end passes outer container 7 roof and with driven gear 402 fixed connection, slider 403 slides and clamps inside track groove 1031, and slider 403 and cleaning plate 404 fixed connection, in use, the surface of electrode plate 103 can adsorb a large amount of dust, can influence the adsorption effect of electrode plate 103 to the dust when the dust adsorbs too much, through the setting of slider 403 and reciprocal lead screw 401 threaded connection, make slider 403 can reciprocate at the pivoted in-process of reciprocal lead screw 401, thereby drive cleaning plate 404 and clean the dust on the surface of electrode plate 103, guaranteed electrode plate 103 surface neatly, improve the adsorption effect to the dust in the air.
Wherein, the lower extreme surface of track groove 1031 is equipped with a brush and cleans stick 6, and the brush cleans 6 surperficial align to grid of stick and has arc arch 601, and the brush cleans the distance between stick 6 and the electrode plate 103 and be half of brush length on cleaning plate 404, in use, cleaning plate 404 is at the in-process that cleans from top to bottom electrode plate 103, the brush hair on surface can be infected with the dust, thereby make the effect of cleaning reduce, clean the setting of stick 6 through the brush, make the brush hair on cleaning plate 404 take place the swing when cleaning stick 6 through the brush, can fall the dust on the brush hair at the swing in-process, let the brush hair keep clean constantly, guarantee the effect of cleaning.
Wherein, be the toper structure in the middle of bottom plate 104, and bottom plate 104 both ends symmetry is equipped with two sets of collecting vat 1041, collecting vat 1041 bottom is semi-circular structure, in use, it is inside collecting vat 1041 that the landing is got off after the dust on plate electrode 103 surface is cleaned to cleaning board 404, also some can fall in the middle of bottom plate 104, can make the dust that falls on bottom plate 104 can the landing to collect inside trough 1041 for setting up of toper structure in the middle of bottom plate 104, can prevent gathering of bottom plate 104 surface dust, the clean and tidy of bottom plate 104 has been guaranteed.
Wherein, collecting vat 1041 is inside to be equipped with screw propeller 801, and the outer terminal surface of the helical blade on the screw propeller 801 and the laminating of the internal surface of collecting vat 1041, screw propeller 801 right-hand member passes filter chamber 1 right side board and is connected with motor B8 transmission, in use, screw propeller 801 is in the rotation that does not stop under motor B8's the drive, thereby with the inside dust propelling movement left side of collecting vat 1041, then get into through Y type pipe 3 and collect incasement 301 inside, be convenient for to the collection clearance of dust, still through the setting of the outer terminal surface of the helical blade on screw propeller 801 and collecting vat 1041's the laminating of internal surface, can also can push inside collecting vat 301 with tiny dust, the effect of clearance has been improved.
Wherein, the filtering device 9 comprises a filter screen 901, a scraper 902, a connecting shaft 903 and a belt 904, the filter screen 901 is fixedly connected with the exhaust pipe 102, the scraper 902 is arranged on the surface of the connecting shaft 903, the scraper 902 is attached to the filter screen 901, and the connecting shaft 903 is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft on the screw propeller 801 through the belt 904, in use, tiny particles in the air can be adsorbed by the electrode plate 103, but the electrode plate 103 has poor adsorption effect on large particles such as dust in the air, the filter screen 901 can filter out large particles, but the large particles are gathered on the surface of the filter screen 901 to block filter holes, the connecting shaft 903 is in transmission connection with a rotating shaft on the screw propeller 801 through the belt 904, the rotation of the screw propeller 801 can drive the connecting shaft 903 to rotate, so that the scraper 902 continuously rotates on the outer surface of the filter screen 901, and the filter screen, the smoothness of the filter screen 901 is ensured.
Wherein, the driving shaft 501 is evenly arranged with four driving gears 502, and the driving gears 502 are engaged with the driven gear 402, in use, the motor a5 drives the driving shaft 501 to rotate, so that the four driving gears 502 on the driving shaft 501 rotate simultaneously, and then through the arrangement of the driving gears 502 engaged with the driven gear 402, the motor a5 can simultaneously drive the four sweeping plates 404 to do up-and-down circulating reciprocating motion, thereby improving the sweeping efficiency and reducing the cost.
The specific use mode and function of the embodiment are as follows:
in the invention, after air containing dust and impurities enters the filter chamber 1 from the air inlet pipe 101, tiny particles in the air can be adsorbed to the surface of the electrode plate 103 through the adsorption effect of the electrode plate 103 on dust, the motor A5 is turned on, the motor A5 drives the driving gear 502 on the transmission shaft 501 to rotate, the driving gear 502 and the driven gear 402 form bevel gear transmission, so that the motor A5 can drive the reciprocating lead screw 401 to rotate, and then the reciprocating lead screw 401 is in threaded connection with the sliding block 403, and the front end of the sliding block 403 is fixedly connected with the cleaning plate 404, so that the sliding block 403 can move up and down in the rotating process of the reciprocating lead screw 401, thereby driving the cleaning plate 404 to clean the dust on the surface of the electrode plate 103, ensuring the cleanness of the surface of the electrode plate 103, and the bristles on the surface of the cleaning plate 404 can be contaminated by dust in the process of cleaning the electrode plate 103 up, the outer side of the lower end of the track groove 1031 is provided with a brush cleaning rod 6, so that bristles on the cleaning plate 404 can swing when the brush cleaning rod 6 is cleaned through the brush, dust on the bristles can be bounced off in the swinging process, the bristles can be kept clean all the time, the cleaning effect is ensured, the fallen dust falls into the collecting grooves 1041 at two ends of the surface of the bottom plate 104, the dust in the collecting grooves 1041 can be discharged into the collecting box 301 at the lower end of the Y-shaped pipe 3 through the arrangement of the spiral propeller 801 in the collecting grooves 1041, the dust can be collected and cleaned conveniently, meanwhile, the adsorption force of the electrode plate 103 to particles with larger volume in air is limited, large particles in air can be filtered out through the arrangement of the filter screen 901 in the exhaust pipe 102, the connecting shaft 903 is in transmission connection with the rotating shaft 904 on the spiral propeller 801 through a belt, and the rotation of the, therefore, the scraper 902 rotates continuously on the outer surface of the filter screen 901, the filter screen 901 is cleaned, the smoothness of the filter screen 901 is ensured, and the air purification effect of the device is improved.
The embodiments of the present invention have been presented for purposes of illustration and description, and are not intended to be exhaustive or limited to the invention in the form disclosed. Many modifications and variations will be apparent to those of ordinary skill in the art. The embodiment was chosen and described in order to best explain the principles of the invention and the practical application, and to enable others of ordinary skill in the art to understand the invention for various embodiments with various modifications as are suited to the particular use contemplated.