CN112169943A - Intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine - Google Patents

Intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112169943A
CN112169943A CN202010957302.3A CN202010957302A CN112169943A CN 112169943 A CN112169943 A CN 112169943A CN 202010957302 A CN202010957302 A CN 202010957302A CN 112169943 A CN112169943 A CN 112169943A
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China
Prior art keywords
box
fixedly connected
fermentation
biomass waste
blanking
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CN202010957302.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
牛俊华
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Jiaxing Xinbo Information Technology Co ltd
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Jiaxing Xinbo Information Technology Co ltd
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Priority to CN202010957302.3A priority Critical patent/CN112169943A/en
Publication of CN112169943A publication Critical patent/CN112169943A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/0084Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage
    • B02C18/0092Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments specially adapted for disintegrating garbage, waste or sewage for waste water or for garbage
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F17/00Preparation of fertilisers characterised by biological or biochemical treatment steps, e.g. composting or fermentation
    • C05F17/90Apparatus therefor
    • C05F17/907Small-scale devices without mechanical means for feeding or discharging material, e.g. garden compost bins
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F3/00Fertilisers from human or animal excrements, e.g. manure
    • C05F3/06Apparatus for the manufacture
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05FORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C, e.g. FERTILISERS FROM WASTE OR REFUSE
    • C05F9/00Fertilisers from household or town refuse
    • C05F9/02Apparatus for the manufacture
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C2201/00Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials
    • B02C2201/06Codes relating to disintegrating devices adapted for specific materials for garbage, waste or sewage
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/20Fertilizers of biological origin, e.g. guano or fertilizers made from animal corpses
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/40Bio-organic fraction processing; Production of fertilisers from the organic fraction of waste or refuse

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Food Science & Technology (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Manufacturing & Machinery (AREA)
  • Biotechnology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Biochemistry (AREA)
  • Health & Medical Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • General Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Microbiology (AREA)
  • Molecular Biology (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Fertilizers (AREA)
  • Processing Of Solid Wastes (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses an intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine which comprises a fermentation box, wherein the upper end of the fermentation box is fixedly connected with a crushing box, four corners of the lower end of the fermentation box are fixedly connected with supporting legs, the middle part of the upper end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a feeding port, the upper end of the feeding port is provided with a second electromagnetic sealing cover, the right part of the upper end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a catalyst inlet, the upper end of the catalyst inlet is provided with a first electromagnetic sealing cover, the left end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a crushing device, the right part of the crushing device extends into the crushing box, the left parts of the front ends of the fermentation box and the crushing box are jointly and fixedly provided with a control panel, the lower part of the front end of the control panel is provided with a plurality of control buttons, and the right part of the front end. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine is strong in sealing performance and high in intelligence, more liquid fertilizers can be extracted, and the fertilizer making efficiency is high.

Description

Intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of biomass waste, in particular to an intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine.
Background
Biomass refers to all organic substances formed by photosynthesis of green plants, including microorganisms, plants and animals, and organic substances derived from living organisms such as excreta, garbage and organic wastewater thereof. In the prior art, biomass waste is recycled and is the best treatment for biomass waste in the modern society on the premise of energy conservation and environmental protection, in the rapid fertilizer preparation fermentation equipment corresponding to the biomass waste, liquid fertilizer and solid fertilizer can be generated due to fermentation of the biomass waste, but the liquid fertilizer is not completely extracted due to the fact that a large amount of liquid fertilizer can be mixed with fermented residues in the extraction process, and the conventional fermentation equipment is sealed by the traditional thread Ningai, so that the sealing performance is not high, the fermentation efficiency in the fermentation machine is low, and therefore a novel intelligent rapid fertilizer preparation fermentation machine for biomass waste is provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide an intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine which can effectively solve the problems in the background technology.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
an intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine comprises a fermentation box, wherein the upper end of the fermentation box is fixedly connected with a crushing box, the four corners of the lower end of the fermentation box are fixedly connected with supporting legs, the middle part of the upper end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a feeding port, the upper end of the feeding port is provided with a second electromagnetic sealing cover, the right part of the upper end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a catalyst inlet, the upper end of the catalyst inlet is provided with a first electromagnetic sealing cover, the catalyst inlet and the feeding port are communicated with the inside of the crushing box, the left end of the crushing box is fixedly connected with a crushing device, the right part of the crushing device extends into the crushing box, the left parts of the front ends of the fermentation box and the crushing box are jointly and fixedly provided with a control panel, the lower part of the front end of the control panel is provided with a plurality of control buttons, and the right, and the rear part of the extrusion device extends into the fermentation box, the left end lower part of the fermentation box is provided with a solid fertilizer discharge port, the solid fertilizer discharge port is provided with a third electromagnetic sealing cover, the left end lower part of the fermentation box is fixedly connected with a liquid fertilizer discharge port, the liquid fertilizer discharge port is provided with a valve, the liquid fertilizer discharge port is positioned in front of the solid fertilizer discharge port, and the first electromagnetic sealing cover, the second electromagnetic sealing cover and the third electromagnetic sealing cover are all electrically connected with the control panel.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned scheme, the inner wall lower part fixedly connected with blanking swash plate and the blanking diaphragm of broken case, 160 degrees contained angles become between blanking swash plate and the blanking diaphragm, and blanking swash plate and blanking diaphragm structure as an organic whole, the upper end middle part fixed mounting of blanking diaphragm has the blanking net, broken case communicates with each other through blanking net and fermentation box inside.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned scheme, breaker includes a motor, a motor fixed mounting is at the left end of broken case, the output of a motor runs through left tank wall and the dwang of fixedly connected with of broken case, the outer fixed surface of dwang installs three broken swoves of group, the dwang is with the equal swing joint of left tank wall and the right tank wall of broken case, three groups broken sword and broken inner wall, blanking swash plate and the blanking diaphragm of case all do not contact, a motor and control panel electric connection.
As a further improvement of the above scheme, the extrusion device comprises a motor and an extrusion plate, the motor is fixedly installed at the front end of the fermentation box, the output end of the motor runs through the front box wall of the fermentation box and is fixedly connected with a rotating rod, a bevel gear, a pushing block and a three bearing are fixedly installed on the outer surface of the rotating rod, the bevel gear is located in front of the bearing, springs are fixedly connected to the front portion of the right end of the extrusion plate and the rear portion of the right end of the extrusion plate, supporting columns are fixedly connected with the right end of the springs and are fixedly connected with the lower box wall of the fermentation box, two connecting rods are fixedly installed in the middle of the right end of the extrusion plate, and rotating blocks are movably connected between the two connecting rods.
As a further improvement of the above scheme, the second rotating rod is respectively movably connected with the two support columns through two first bearings, the pushing block is located between the two support columns, and the outer surface of the pushing block is attached to the outer surface of the rotating block.
As the further improvement of above-mentioned scheme, the left end rear portion fixedly connected with curb plate of stripper plate, the left end front portion of stripper plate alternates fixedly connected with connecting box, swing joint has No. three dwangs between curb plate and the connecting box, and the front end of No. three dwangs extends to connecting box in and fixedly connected with second bevel gear, the fixed surface of No. three dwangs is connected with the stirring shaft, the rack is stirred to the fixed surface of stirring shaft's a plurality of, and a plurality of stir all contactless between rack and the stripper plate.
As a further improvement of the scheme, the connecting box is of a right-end opening structure, a first connecting rod is arranged in the connecting box, a second bearing is sleeved on the outer surface of the first connecting rod, a third bevel gear is fixedly connected to the left end of the first connecting rod, the first connecting rod is movably connected with the connecting box through the second bearing, the third bevel gear is meshed with the second bevel gear, the second bevel gear and the third bevel gear are not in contact with the inner wall of the connecting box, and the second connecting rod is sleeved on the right end of the first connecting rod.
As a further improvement of the scheme, a spline shaft is fixedly connected to the right end of the first connecting rod, a spline groove is formed in the left end of the second connecting rod, the spline shaft is sleeved in the spline groove, a fourth bevel gear is fixedly connected to the right end of the second connecting rod, and the fourth bevel gear is meshed with the first bevel gear.
As a further improvement of the scheme, the width and the height of the extrusion plate are the same as those of the fermentation box, the extrusion plate is positioned at the lower right part of the blanking transverse plate, and the second motor is electrically connected with the control panel.
As a further improvement of the scheme, the length of the spline shaft is greater than that of the pushing block, and the front end face of the connecting box is located behind the front end face of the extrusion plate.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. according to the invention, the biomass waste can be preliminarily crushed by the crushing device and then accumulated in the fermentation box for fermentation, the liquid fertilizer obtained after fermentation flows out of the liquid fertilizer outlet, and the fermented solid fertilizer can be turned and extruded by the extruding device to extract more liquid fertilizer, so that the liquid fertilizer is extracted more thoroughly, the dryness of the solid fertilizer can be improved, and the quality of the solid fertilizer is improved.
2. According to the invention, the first electromagnetic sealing cover, the second electromagnetic sealing cover and the third electromagnetic sealing cover are respectively arranged on the solid fertilizer discharge port and the solid fertilizer discharge port, the first electromagnetic sealing cover, the second electromagnetic sealing cover and the third electromagnetic sealing cover are controlled by the control panel, the fermentation machine is sealed in an electromagnetic sealing valve mode, the sealing degree is high, the fermentation efficiency in the fermentation machine can be improved, and the intelligentization is high.
3. According to the biomass waste material crushing device, the blanking inclined plate and the blanking transverse plate are arranged between the fermentation box and the crushing box, and the biomass waste material after being crushed can fall into the crushing box more quickly by utilizing the obliquely arranged blanking inclined plate, so that the blanking speed is increased.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments will be briefly introduced below, and it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious for those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of an intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine of the invention;
FIG. 2 is a structural cross-sectional view of a crushing box of the intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine of the invention;
FIG. 3 is a structural cross-sectional view of a fermentation box of the intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine of the invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a part of an extrusion device of the intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine of the invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a part of an extrusion device of the intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine of the invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic diagram of a part of an extrusion device of the intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a part of an extrusion device of the intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer production fermentation machine.
In the figure: 1. a fermentation box; 2. a crushing box; 3. supporting legs; 4. a catalyst inlet; 5. a first electromagnetic sealing cover; 6. a second electromagnetic sealing cover; 7. a feeding port; 8. a crushing device; 9. a control panel; 10. a third electromagnetic sealing cover; 11. a solid fertilizer outlet; 12. a liquid fertilizer outlet; 13. a valve; 14. an operation button; 15. an extrusion device; 16. a first motor; 17. a first rotating rod; 18. a crushing knife; 19. a blanking sloping plate; 20. a blanking transverse plate; 21. a blanking net; 22. a second motor; 23. a second rotating rod; 24. a first bearing; 25. a first bevel gear; 26. a pushing block; 27. a pressing plate; 28. a spring; 29. a support pillar; 30. a connecting rod; 31. rotating the block; 32. a connecting box; 33. a side plate; 34. a third rotating rod; 35. a shifting shaft; 36. shifting the rack; 37. a second bevel gear; 38. a third bevel gear; 39. a first connecting rod; 40. a second connecting rod; 41. a fourth bevel gear; 42. a spline groove; 43. a second bearing; 44. a spline shaft.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the technical scheme of the invention is further explained in the following with the attached drawings.
Example one
An intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine is shown in figure 1-2, and comprises a fermentation box 1, wherein the upper end of the fermentation box 1 is fixedly connected with a crushing box 2, four corners of the lower end of the fermentation box 1 are fixedly connected with supporting legs 3, the middle part of the upper end of the crushing box 2 is fixedly connected with a feeding port 7, the upper end of the feeding port 7 is provided with a second electromagnetic sealing cover 6, the right part of the upper end of the crushing box 2 is fixedly connected with a catalyst inlet 4, the upper end of the catalyst inlet 4 is provided with a first electromagnetic sealing cover 5, the catalyst inlet 4 and the feeding port 7 are both communicated with the inside of the crushing box 2, the left end of the crushing box 2 is fixedly connected with a crushing device 8, the right part of the crushing device 8 extends into the crushing box 2, the left parts of the front ends of the fermentation box 1 and the crushing box 2 are jointly and fixedly provided with a control panel 9, an extrusion device 15 is fixedly installed at the right part of the front end of the fermentation box 1, the rear part of the extrusion device 15 extends into the fermentation box 1, a solid fertilizer discharge port 11 is formed in the lower part of the left end of the fermentation box 1, a third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 is arranged on the solid fertilizer discharge port 11, a liquid fertilizer discharge port 12 is fixedly connected to the lower part of the left end of the fermentation box 1, a valve 13 is arranged on the liquid fertilizer discharge port 12, the liquid fertilizer discharge port 12 is located in front of the solid fertilizer discharge port 11, and the first electromagnetic sealing cover 5, the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 and the third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 are all electrically connected with the control panel 9; the lower part of the inner wall of the crushing box 2 is fixedly connected with a blanking inclined plate 19 and a blanking transverse plate 20, an included angle of 160 degrees is formed between the blanking inclined plate 19 and the blanking transverse plate 20, the blanking inclined plate 19 and the blanking transverse plate 20 are of an integral structure, the middle part of the upper end of the blanking transverse plate 20 is fixedly provided with a blanking net 21, and the crushing box 2 is communicated with the interior of the fermentation box 1 through the blanking net 21; breaker 8 includes a motor 16, a motor 16 fixed mounting is at the left end of broken case 2, a motor 16's output runs through left tank wall and the dwang 17 of fixedly connected with of broken case 2, the outer fixed surface of dwang 17 installs three broken swoves 18 of group, a dwang 17 and the equal swing joint of left tank wall and the right tank wall of broken case 2, three broken swoves 18 of group and the inner wall of broken case 2, blanking swash plate 19 and blanking diaphragm 20 all do not contact, a motor 16 and control panel 9 electric connection.
In the specific using process of the embodiment, the first electromagnetic sealing cover 5 and the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 are controlled to be in an open state through the control button 14 on the control panel 9, biomass waste is added into the crushing box 2 from the material inlet 7, a fermentation catalyst is added through the catalyst inlet 4, the first motor 16 on the crushing device 8 is controlled to operate through the control button 14 on the control panel 9, the three groups of crushing knives 18 rotate simultaneously to crush the biomass waste in the crushing box 2, the biomass waste directly falls into the fermentation box 1 from the blanking net 21 on the blanking transverse plate 20 under the influence of gravity due to the inclined arrangement of the blanking inclined plate 19 to be fermented, the valve 13 is in a closed state in the fermentation process, and the first electromagnetic sealing cover 5, the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 and the third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 are controlled to be in a sealing state through the control button 14 on the control panel 9, can improve the fertile speed of system of biomass waste in the fermenting case 1, after biomass waste fermentation in fermenting case 1 accomplished, open valve 13 and connect the liquid fertilizer who gets the formation through liquid fertile discharge gate 12, in-process extrusion device 15 can extrude the stirring to biomass waste in fermenting case 1 once more, make liquid fertilizer draw more thoroughly, and can improve the degree of dryness of remaining solid state fertilizer in fermenting case 1, improve the quality of solid state fertilizer, connect when liquid fertilizer and get the completion after, rethread 11 takes out gained solid state fertilizer, whole fermentation machine is intelligent strong, fermentation system fertile speed piece, be favorable to biomass waste's recycle.
Example two
On the basis of the first embodiment, as shown in fig. 3-7, an intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer preparation fermentation machine comprises a fermentation box 1, a crushing box 2 is fixedly connected to the upper end of the fermentation box 1, supporting legs 3 are fixedly connected to four corners of the lower end of the fermentation box 1, a feeding port 7 is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper end of the crushing box 2, a second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 is arranged at the upper end of the feeding port 7, a catalyst inlet 4 is fixedly connected to the right portion of the upper end of the crushing box 2, a first electromagnetic sealing cover 5 is arranged at the upper end of the catalyst inlet 4, the catalyst inlet 4 and the feeding port 7 are both communicated with the inside of the crushing box 2, a crushing device 8 is fixedly connected to the left portion of the crushing box 2, the right portion of the crushing device 8 extends into the crushing box 2, a control panel 9 is fixedly installed on the left portions of the front ends of the fermentation box 1 and the crushing box 2 together, and a plurality, an extrusion device 15 is fixedly installed at the right part of the front end of the fermentation box 1, the rear part of the extrusion device 15 extends into the fermentation box 1, a solid fertilizer discharge port 11 is formed in the lower part of the left end of the fermentation box 1, a third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 is arranged on the solid fertilizer discharge port 11, a liquid fertilizer discharge port 12 is fixedly connected to the lower part of the left end of the fermentation box 1, a valve 13 is arranged on the liquid fertilizer discharge port 12, the liquid fertilizer discharge port 12 is located in front of the solid fertilizer discharge port 11, and the first electromagnetic sealing cover 5, the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 and the third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 are all electrically connected with the control panel 9; the extruding device 15 comprises a second motor 22 and an extruding plate 27, the second motor 22 is fixedly installed at the front end of the fermentation box 1, the output end of the second motor 22 penetrates through the front box wall of the fermentation box 1 and is fixedly connected with a second rotating rod 23, the outer surface of the second rotating rod 23 is fixedly provided with a first bevel gear 25, a pushing block 26 and three first bearings 24, the first bevel gear 25 is positioned in front of the first bearing 24, the front part and the rear part of the right end of the extruding plate 27 are fixedly connected with springs 28, the right ends of the two springs 28 are fixedly connected with supporting columns 29, the two supporting columns 29 are fixedly connected with the lower box wall of the fermentation box 1, the middle part of the right end of the extruding plate 27 is fixedly provided with two connecting rods 30, and a rotating block 31 is movably connected between the two; the second rotating rod 23 is movably connected with the two supporting columns 29 through two first bearings 24 respectively, the pushing block 26 is positioned between the two supporting columns 29, and the outer surface of the pushing block 26 is attached to the outer surface of the rotating block 31; a side plate 33 is fixedly connected to the rear portion of the left end of the extrusion plate 27, a connecting box 32 is fixedly connected to the front portion of the left end of the extrusion plate 27 in a penetrating manner, a third rotating rod 34 is movably connected between the side plate 33 and the connecting box 32, the front end of the third rotating rod 34 extends into the connecting box 32 and is fixedly connected with a second bevel gear 37, a toggle shaft 35 is fixedly connected to the outer surface of the third rotating rod 34, a plurality of toggle racks 36 are fixedly connected to the outer surface of the toggle shaft 35, and the plurality of toggle racks 36 are not in contact with the extrusion plate 27; the connecting box 32 is of a right-end opening structure, a first connecting rod 39 is arranged in the connecting box 32, a second bearing 43 is sleeved on the outer surface of the first connecting rod 39, a third bevel gear 38 is fixedly connected to the left end of the first connecting rod 39, the first connecting rod 39 is movably connected with the connecting box 32 through the second bearing 43, the third bevel gear 38 is meshed with the second bevel gear 37, the second bevel gear 37 and the third bevel gear 38 are not in contact with the inner wall of the connecting box 32, and a second connecting rod 40 is sleeved on the right end of the first connecting rod 39; the right end of the first connecting rod 39 is fixedly connected with a spline shaft 44, the left end of the second connecting rod 40 is provided with a spline groove 42, the spline shaft 44 is sleeved in the spline groove 42, the right end of the second connecting rod 40 is fixedly connected with a fourth bevel gear 41, and the fourth bevel gear 41 is meshed with the first bevel gear 25; the width and the height of the extrusion plate 27 are the same as those of the fermentation box 1, the extrusion plate 27 is positioned at the lower right of the blanking transverse plate 20, and the second motor 22 is electrically connected with the control panel 9; the length of the spline shaft 44 is greater than that of the pushing block 26, and the front end surface of the connecting box 32 is located behind the front end surface of the pressing plate 27.
In the specific use process of the embodiment, after the fermentation and fertilizer preparation of biomass in the fermentation tank 1 is completed, the valve 13 is opened, the liquid fertilizer can directly flow out from the liquid fertilizer outlet 12 for taking, but in the process, a large amount of liquid fertilizer can be mixed with the remaining biomass waste, at this time, the second motor 22 on the extrusion device 15 is controlled by the control button 14 on the control panel 9 to operate, the second rotating rod 23 is rotated under the driving of the second motor 22, so that the pushing block 26 connected to the second rotating rod 23 in an eccentric connection manner is rotated, and meanwhile, the rotating block 31 is extruded, so that the pushing plate 27 is pushed to move leftwards to extrude the biomass waste in the fermentation tank 1, so that the liquid fertilizer remained in the biomass waste is extracted more fully, and meanwhile, the first bevel gear 25 rotates to drive the fourth bevel gear 41 to rotate, since the second connecting rod 40 and the first connecting rod 39 are sleeved by the spline shaft 44 and the spline groove 42, the fourth bevel gear 41 rotates and drives the third bevel gear 38 on the first connecting rod 39 to rotate, the third bevel gear 38 further drives the second bevel gear 37, so that the shifting shaft 35 rotates, so that the toggle rack 36 turns over the biomass waste, when the rotation center of the push block 26 reaches the farthest position with the rotation block 31 and is turned to be pulled by the elastic force of the spring 28, the extrusion plate 27 moves rightwards again, thereby realizing the whole reciprocating motion, continuously extruding and turning the biomass waste gas in the fermentation box 1, leading the extraction amount of the liquid fertilizer to be more, and the remaining biomass waste can be used as solid fertilizer and taken out from the solid fertilizer discharge port 11, and the whole extrusion device 15 has high fluency and strong functionality in the movement process, and is beneficial to the extraction of liquid fertilizer.
In the above embodiment, the first electromagnetic sealing cover 5, the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 and the third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 are respectively arranged on the 4), the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 and the solid fertilizer discharge port 11, the first electromagnetic sealing cover 5, the second electromagnetic sealing cover 6 and the third electromagnetic sealing cover 10 are controlled by the control panel 9, the fermentation machine is sealed by the electromagnetic sealing valve, the sealing degree is high, the fermentation efficiency in the fermentation machine is improved, and the intelligence is high; by arranging the blanking inclined plate 19 and the blanking transverse plate 20 between the fermentation box 1 and the crushing box 2, the biomass waste gas after being crushed can fall into the crushing box 2 more quickly by utilizing the obliquely arranged blanking inclined plate 19, so that the blanking speed is improved; the biomass waste gas can be preliminarily crushed by the crushing device 8 and then is accumulated in the fermentation box 1 for fermentation, the liquid fertilizer obtained after fermentation flows out of the liquid fertilizer discharge port 12, and the fermented solid fertilizer can be turned and extruded by the extruding device 15 to extract more liquid fertilizer, so that the liquid fertilizer is extracted more thoroughly, the dryness of the solid fertilizer can be improved, and the quality of the solid fertilizer is improved; the whole fast fertilizer-making fermentation machine capable of biomass waste has strong sealing performance and high intelligence, can extract more liquid fertilizers, and has high fertilizer-making efficiency.
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a fertile fermentation machine is made fast to intelligence biomass waste, includes fermenting case (1), its characterized in that: the device comprises a fermentation box (1), a crushing box (2) is fixedly connected to the upper end of the fermentation box (1), supporting legs (3) are fixedly connected to four corners of the lower end of the fermentation box (1), a feeding port (7) is fixedly connected to the middle of the upper end of the crushing box (2), a second electromagnetic sealing cover (6) is arranged at the upper end of the feeding port (7), a catalyst inlet (4) is fixedly connected to the right portion of the upper end of the crushing box (2), a first electromagnetic sealing cover (5) is arranged at the upper end of the catalyst inlet (4), the catalyst inlet (4) and the feeding port (7) are communicated with the interior of the crushing box (2), a crushing device (8) is fixedly connected to the left portion of the crushing box (2), the right portion of the crushing device (8) extends into the crushing box (2), and a control panel (9) is fixedly installed on the left portions of the front ends of the fermentation box (1), the front end lower part of control panel (9) is provided with a plurality of operating button (14), the front end right part fixed mounting of fermenting case (1) has extrusion device (15), and the rear portion of extrusion device (15) extends to in fermenting case (1), open the left end lower part of fermenting case (1) has solid-state fertile discharge gate (11), be provided with No. three electromagnetic sealing lid (10) on solid-state fertile discharge gate (11), the left end lower part fixedly connected with liquid fertile discharge gate (12) of fermenting case (1), be provided with valve (13) on liquid fertile discharge gate (12), liquid fertile discharge gate (12) are located solid-state fertile discharge gate (11) the place ahead, No. one electromagnetic sealing lid (5), No. two electromagnetic sealing lid (6) and No. three electromagnetic sealing lid (10) all with control panel (9) electric connection.
2. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: inner wall lower part fixedly connected with blanking swash plate (19) and blanking diaphragm (20) of broken case (2), 160 degrees contained angles become between blanking swash plate (19) and blanking diaphragm (20), and blanking swash plate (19) and blanking diaphragm (20) structure as an organic whole, the upper end middle part fixed mounting of blanking diaphragm (20) has blanking net (21), broken case (2) communicate with each other through blanking net (21) and fermentation case (1) inside.
3. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: breaker (8) are including a motor (16), a motor (16) fixed mounting is at the left end of broken case (2), the output of a motor (16) runs through left tank wall and the dwang (17) of fixedly connected with of broken case (2), the outer fixed surface of dwang (17) installs three broken sword of group (18), dwang (17) and the equal swing joint of left tank wall and right tank wall of broken case (2), three groups broken sword (18) all do not contact with inner wall, blanking swash plate (19) and blanking diaphragm (20) of broken case (2), a motor (16) and control panel (9) electric connection.
4. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 1, characterized in that: the extrusion device (15) comprises a second motor (22) and an extrusion plate (27), the second motor (22) is fixedly installed at the front end of the fermentation box (1), the output end of the second motor (22) penetrates through the front box wall of the fermentation box (1) and is fixedly connected with a second rotating rod (23), a first bevel gear (25), a pushing block (26) and three first bearings (24) are fixedly installed on the outer surface of the second rotating rod (23), the first bevel gear (25) is located in front of the first bearings (24), springs (28) are fixedly connected to the front portion and the rear portion of the right end of the extrusion plate (27), support columns (29) are fixedly connected to the right ends of the springs (28), the support columns (29) are fixedly connected to the lower box wall of the fermentation box (1), and two connecting rods (30) are fixedly installed in the middle of the extrusion plate (27), a rotating block (31) is movably connected between the two connecting rods (30).
5. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 4, characterized in that: no. two dwang (23) through bearing (24) No. two respectively with two support column (29) swing joint, and promote piece (26) and be located between two support column (29), the surface laminating of the surface that promotes piece (26) and turning block (31).
6. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 4, characterized in that: left end rear portion fixedly connected with curb plate (33) of stripper plate (27), fixedly connected with connecting box (32) alternates in the left end front portion of stripper plate (27), swing joint has No. three dwang (34) between curb plate (33) and connecting box (32), and the front end of No. three dwang (34) extends to connecting box (32) in and fixedly connected with No. two bevel gear (37), the fixed surface of No. three dwang (34) is connected with stirring shaft (35), rack (36) is stirred to the fixed surface of a plurality of stirring shaft (35), and all contactless between a plurality of stirring rack (36) and stripper plate (27).
7. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 6, characterized in that: the connecting box (32) is the right-hand member and opens the structure, be provided with connecting rod (39) in connecting box (32), the surface of connecting rod (39) has cup jointed No. two bearings (43), the left end fixedly connected with third bevel gear (38) of connecting rod (39), a connecting rod (39) is through No. two bearings (43) and connecting box (32) swing joint, No. three bevel gear (38) are connected with second bevel gear (37) meshing, and second bevel gear (37) and No. three bevel gear (38) all with connecting box (32) inner wall contact, No. two connecting rods (40) have been cup jointed to the right-hand member of a connecting rod (39).
8. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 7, characterized in that: the right end fixedly connected with integral key shaft (44) of a connecting rod (39), the left end of No. two connecting rods (40) is opened there is spline groove (42), integral key shaft (44) cup joint in spline groove (42), the right end fixedly connected with No. four bevel gears (41) of No. two connecting rods (40), No. four bevel gears (41) and a bevel gear (25) meshing connection.
9. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 4, characterized in that: the width and the height of stripper plate (27) are the same with the width and the height in fermenting case (1), stripper plate (27) are located the right side below of blanking diaphragm (20), No. two motor (22) and control panel (9) electric connection.
10. The intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making and fermenting machine according to claim 7, characterized in that: the length of the spline shaft (44) is greater than that of the pushing block (26), and the front end face of the connecting box (32) is located behind the front end face of the extrusion plate (27).
CN202010957302.3A 2020-09-13 2020-09-13 Intelligent biomass waste rapid fertilizer making fermentation machine Withdrawn CN112169943A (en)

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CN206631674U (en) * 2017-03-27 2017-11-14 枣庄市瑞隆机械制造有限公司 A kind of impact breaker device
CN207273935U (en) * 2017-10-16 2018-04-27 山西省农业科学院农产品加工研究所 A kind of multi-functional jujube juice extractor
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CN113583815A (en) * 2021-07-22 2021-11-02 欧阳海珠 Biological fermentation box capable of adjusting air inflow based on working state

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Application publication date: 20210105