CN112166839A - Straw cutting and rubbing machine - Google Patents

Straw cutting and rubbing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112166839A
CN112166839A CN202011112415.XA CN202011112415A CN112166839A CN 112166839 A CN112166839 A CN 112166839A CN 202011112415 A CN202011112415 A CN 202011112415A CN 112166839 A CN112166839 A CN 112166839A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotating shaft
gear
casing
fixed
pivot
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011112415.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王清华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Ningxia Hongrunze Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Ningxia Hongrunze Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Ningxia Hongrunze Agricultural Technology Co ltd filed Critical Ningxia Hongrunze Agricultural Technology Co ltd
Priority to CN202011112415.XA priority Critical patent/CN112166839A/en
Publication of CN112166839A publication Critical patent/CN112166839A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/02Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like having rotating knives with their cutting edges in a plane perpendicular to their rotational axis
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs

Abstract

The application discloses silk machine is rubbed to straw hay cutter, which comprises a bracket, the casing is installed to the upper end of support, be fixed with the bottom plate jointly on the relative lateral wall in the casing, install first pivot on the relative lateral wall in the casing, equidistant demountable installation has a plurality of cutters through first carrier bar in the first pivot, the one end of bottom plate is fixed with the bed knife, bed knife and first pivot are located same horizontal position, and bed knife and cutter are corresponding, install the second pivot on the relative lateral wall in the casing, be fixed with first baffle on the relative lateral wall in the casing, first baffle is located between first pivot and the second pivot. The device can stably feed materials into the shell, and the materials are cut and then are beaten into the cellosilk, so that the cutting efficiency is high, the cutting is stable, the crushed raw materials are soft, the length of the cut silk can be changed, the feeding and subsequent deep processing of livestock are facilitated, the components in the device are convenient to replace after being damaged, and the service life and the cutting quality of the device are improved.

Description

Straw cutting and rubbing machine
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of feed processing, in particular to a straw cutting and kneading machine.
Background
The farming area breeding industry which mainly uses farming house breeding is developed more along with the large-scale breeding, no matter which breeding mode, a large amount of feed is needed for breeding, in order to reduce the cost and improve the utilization rate of each crop, diversified feed is generated, the feed can be mainly divided into eight major categories, and leftovers or waste materials generated in the production process of agricultural and sideline products are effectively utilized.
However, the raw materials cannot be crushed in any mode during feed production, a plurality of crushers can only crush the raw materials to form knots, or crush the raw materials to form excessively tiny particles, the hardness is too high, the crushers are not beneficial to feeding and subsequent processing, blades of the cutters are worn and worn after being used for a period of time in the cutting process and are not easy to replace, and materials are fluffy and not easy to cut during feeding.
Disclosure of Invention
The application provides a silk machine is rubbed to straw hand hay cutter has solved traditional rubbing crusher and has smashed the back material hardness too high, the feed and the deep-processing of difficult livestock, and the cutter blade can appear wearing and tearing after using a period in cutting process, is difficult for changing, the comparatively fluffy difficult problem of cutting of material during the material loading.
The application provides a straw hay cutter silk machine of rubbing, which comprises a bracket, the casing is installed to the upper end of support, be fixed with the bottom plate jointly on the relative lateral wall in the casing, install first pivot on the relative lateral wall in the casing, it has a plurality of cutters to install equidistant demountable installation through first carrier bar in the first pivot, the one end of bottom plate is fixed with the bed knife, the bed knife with first pivot is located same horizontal position, just the bed knife with the cutter is corresponding, install the second pivot on the relative lateral wall in the casing, be fixed with first baffle on the relative lateral wall in the casing, first baffle is located between first pivot and the second pivot, can dismantle through the second carrier bar in the second pivot and be connected with a plurality of second fixed plates, first pivot with the bottom plate of second pivot below all is the arc setting, a discharge hopper is installed on one side of the shell, one end side wall of the discharge hopper is connected to one end of the bottom plate, two first fixing plates are fixed on the bottom plate, one of the first fixing plates is located below the second rotating shaft, the other first fixing plate is located on one side of the joint of the bottom plate and the discharge hopper, a plurality of wire kneading knives are fixed on one sides of the first fixing plate and the second fixing plate at equal intervals, two ends of the first rotating shaft penetrate through the shell and extend to two sides of the shell, one end of the second rotating shaft penetrates through the shell and extends to one side of the shell, one ends of the first rotating shaft and the second rotating shaft are in transmission connection through a first transmission belt, a motor is installed at the bottom of the support, the motor and the first rotating shaft are connected through a second transmission belt, and the other end of the shell is connected with a support frame, the supporting frame is communicated with one end connected with the casing, a chain plate conveyor is installed in the supporting frame, a chain plate machine loosening and tightening mechanism is arranged at one end of the supporting frame, a first grass pressing roller is installed on the opposite side wall in the supporting frame through a third rotating shaft and is located at one end, close to the casing, of the chain plate conveyor, two second grass pressing rollers are installed in the casing from top to bottom through a fourth rotating shaft and are located between the bed knife and the chain plate conveyor, two ends of the fourth rotating shaft at the lowest end penetrate through the casing and extend to two sides of the casing, the third rotating shaft, the two fourth rotating shafts and the chain plate conveyor are in transmission connection through a gear set, and the other end of the first rotating shaft and the fourth rotating shaft at the lowest end are in transmission connection through a speed change mechanism, the upper end of casing is fixed with the second baffle, the both sides of casing all are fixed with the protective housing.
Preferably, the chain plate machine loosening and tightening mechanism comprises adjusting grooves formed in two sides of the supporting frame, two ends of a rotating shaft, far away from one end of the casing, of the chain plate conveyor respectively penetrate through the adjusting grooves and extend to two sides of the supporting frame, moving blocks are rotatably connected to two ends of the rotating shaft, adjusting screws are fixed to one sides of the moving blocks, supporting blocks are fixed to two sides of the supporting frame, the supporting blocks are located on one sides of the adjusting grooves, through holes are formed in one sides of the supporting blocks, the adjusting screws penetrate through the through holes, two nuts are sleeved on the adjusting screws in a threaded manner, and the two nuts are located on two sides of the supporting blocks respectively.
Preferably, the gear train is including fixed suit two the fifth gear of fourth pivot one side, two intermeshing's sixth gear is installed to one side of casing, two the sixth gear respectively with two the meshing of fifth gear, the lower extreme the one end of fourth pivot is fixed with the cover and is equipped with the second sprocket, the chain scraper conveyor is located fixed cover is equipped with the third sprocket in the axis of rotation of casing one end, the second sprocket with the third sprocket passes through second drive chain and connects, the fifth pivot is installed to one side of support frame, install fourth sprocket and fifth sprocket in the fifth pivot in proper order, the fourth sprocket with the meshing of second drive chain, the one end of third pivot is fixed with the sixth sprocket, the sixth sprocket with the fifth sprocket passes through the third drive chain transmission and connects.
Preferably, the speed change mechanism comprises a sliding sleeve which is sleeved at the other end of the first rotating shaft, the moving sleeve is in splined connection with the first rotating shaft, two limit blocks are fixed on the first rotating shaft, the moving sleeve is positioned between the two limit blocks, a fourth gear and a second gear are sequentially and fixedly sleeved on the moving sleeve from inside to outside, the diameter of the second gear is larger than that of the fourth gear, a sixth rotating shaft is rotatably connected to the other side of the casing, a first gear and a third gear are sequentially and fixedly sleeved on the sixth rotating shaft from inside to outside, the first gear and the third gear are positioned between the fourth gear and the second gear, the diameter of the first gear is larger than that of the third gear, the first gear and the fourth gear are corresponding, and the third gear and the second gear are corresponding, the sixth rotating shaft is fixedly sleeved with a seventh chain wheel, the other end of the fourth rotating shaft at the lowest end is fixedly sleeved with a first chain wheel, the diameter of the first chain wheel is larger than that of the seventh chain wheel, the seventh chain wheel is in transmission connection with the first chain wheel through a first transmission chain, a fixing rod is fixed on the other side of the casing, a rocker is hinged to one side of the fixing rod and located between the fourth gear and the second gear, a limiting groove is formed in the protective casing on the other side of the casing, and the rocker penetrates through the protective casing and extends to the upper end of the protective casing.
Preferably, the lower extreme four corners of support all installs and removes the wheel, wherein is located two of support frame one side remove the wheel and be the universal wheel.
Preferably, a limiting hopper is fixed to one side of the casing at the upper end of the supporting frame.
Preferably, reinforcing bars are commonly fixed to opposite side walls in the casing.
Preferably, a first mounting plate is jointly fixed to one end of each of the first bearing rods on the same side, and the cutter is fixed to the first mounting plate through a bolt.
Preferably, a second mounting plate is fixed to one end of each of the second carrier bars on the same side, and the second fixing plate is fixed to the second mounting plate through bolts.
According to the technical scheme, when the straw hay cutting and shredding machine is used, the tightness of the chain plate conveyor is adjusted through the chain plate machine tightening mechanism, silage is manually placed on the chain plate conveyor, the chain plate conveyor drives the silage to be conveyed into the shell, the silage is compacted through the first hay pressing roller before entering the shell, the silage is conveyed to one side of the cutter through the two second hay pressing rollers arranged up and down in the shell, the silage is cut into sections through the cutter at the bottom knife and then enters the lower end of the shredding knife, the silage is cut into soft silage through the shredding knives staggered up and down in the shell, the silage is discharged through the discharging hopper, the rocker is shifted according to the length requirement of the silage and abuts against one side of the fourth gear or the second gear to drive the movable sleeve to slide on the first rotating shaft, and when the fourth gear is meshed with the first gear, the fourth rotating shaft rotates slowly, when the first rotating shaft rotates, the first rotating shaft drives the fourth gear and the second gear to rotate through driving the moving sleeve, so as to drive the first gear or the third gear to rotate, the first gear or the third gear drives the sixth rotating shaft to rotate, the sixth rotating shaft drives the first chain wheel to rotate through the first transmission chain, the first chain wheel drives the fourth rotating shaft at the lowest end to rotate, the fourth rotating shaft at the lowest end drives the fourth rotating shaft at the upper end to rotate through the fifth gear and the two sixth gears, thereby make two second grass pressing roller antiport carry out the pay-off, when the fourth pivot of lowermost end rotated, drive drag chain conveyer through second sprocket and second drive chain and rotate and carry out the pay-off, second drive chain drives the fifth pivot through the fourth sprocket and rotates, and the fifth pivot rotates and drives the rotation of third pivot through fifth sprocket and third drive chain to drive first grass pressing roller and rotate, press grass and pay-off.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the chain plate conveyor, the bottom cutter and the cutter are matched, so that the raw materials can be cut orderly, the situation of material blockage is avoided, the materials are fed orderly, and the cutting efficiency is high;
2. the wire kneading knives on the second rotating shaft and the bottom plate are matched, so that the problem that the hardness of the crushed raw materials is too high is solved, the raw materials can be crushed into smaller fibrous shapes, and the feeding and subsequent deep processing of animals are facilitated;
3. the cutting machine can be cut into different lengths according to the hardness and requirements of different forage materials by installing the speed change mechanism, so that the cutting quality is improved, and the cutting diversity is improved;
4. the first grass pressing roller and the second grass pressing roller are matched, disordered forage can be compressed, the soft volume of the forage is changed, the second grass pressing roller can stably convey the forage to one side of the cutter, and the cutting efficiency and the cutting quality are improved;
5. through the demountable installation of cutter and second fixed plate, after the cutter and the rubbing sword appear damaging, the timely dismantlement of being convenient for is changed, improves the life of maintenance efficiency and equipment.
In conclusion, the device can stably convey materials into the shell, the materials are cut and then are beaten into the cellosilk, the cutting efficiency is high, the cutting is stable, the crushed raw materials are soft, the length of the cut silk can be changed, the feeding and subsequent deep processing of livestock are facilitated, the components in the device are convenient to replace after being damaged, and the service life and the cutting quality of the device are improved.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solution of the present application, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, and it is obvious to those skilled in the art that other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without any creative effort.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the internal structure of a housing of a straw cutting and kneading machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a motor transmission structure of the straw cutting and kneading machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a speed change mechanism of the straw cutting and kneading machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a protective casing mounting structure of the straw cutting and filament kneading machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural view of a straw cutting and kneading machine according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is an enlarged view of the structure at the position A of the straw cutting and kneading machine provided by the invention;
FIG. 7 is an enlarged view of the structure at the position B of the straw cutting and kneading machine provided by the invention;
FIG. 8 is an enlarged view of the structure at the position C of the straw cutting and kneading machine provided by the invention;
in the figure: 1 bracket, 2 machine cases, 3 discharge hoppers, 4 first baffle plates, 5 first grass pressing rollers, 6 support frames, 7 chain plate conveyors, 8 moving wheels, 9 adjusting grooves, 10 adjusting screws, 11 support blocks, 12 moving blocks, 13 limiting hoppers, 14 first rotating shafts, 15 first transmission belts, 16 second rotating shafts, 17 second baffle plates, 18 motors, 19 second transmission belts, 20 third rotating shafts, 21 first gears, 22 fixing rods and 23 rocking rods, 24 second gear, 25 first chain wheel, 26 first transmission chain, 27 third gear, 28 spacing groove, 29 protective shell, 30 first fixed plate, 31 cutter, 32 kneading knife, 33 second fixed plate, 34 second grass pressing roller, 35 bed knife, 36 fourth gear, 37 reinforcing rod, 38 first bearing rod, 39 first mounting plate, 40 bottom plate, 41 fourth rotating shaft, 42 second bearing rod, 43 second mounting plate, 44 moving sleeve and 45 spacing block.
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solutions in the present application, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Referring to fig. 1-8, a straw cutting and shredding machine, which comprises a bracket 1, wherein four corners of the lower end of the bracket 1 are respectively provided with a movable wheel 8, wherein two movable wheels 8 positioned on one side of a support frame 6 are universal wheels, which is convenient for moving equipment to move, the upper end of the bracket 1 is provided with a casing 2, opposite side walls in the casing 2 are jointly fixed with reinforcing rods 37, which are connected to two ends of the casing 2 to avoid the casing 2 from deforming, the upper end of the casing 2 is provided with an opening for convenient maintenance, opposite side walls in the casing 2 are jointly fixed with a bottom plate 40, the bottom plate 40 presents a certain radian to facilitate cutting and shredding, opposite side walls in the casing 2 are provided with a first rotating shaft 14, the first rotating shaft 14 is provided with a plurality of cutters 31 at equal intervals and detachably mounted on the first rotating shaft 38, one end of the plurality of first bearing rods 38 on the same side is jointly fixed with a first mounting plate 39, the cutters 31, when one cutter 31 is damaged, the cutter is convenient to disassemble and replace, one end of a bottom plate 40 is fixed with a bed knife 35, the bed knife 35 and a first rotating shaft 14 are positioned at the same horizontal position, the bed knife 35 corresponds to the cutter 31, materials are sent to the upper end of the bed knife 35 to be matched with the cutter 31 to shear the materials, a second rotating shaft 16 is installed on the opposite side wall in a machine shell 2, a first baffle plate 4 is fixed on the opposite side wall in the machine shell 2, the first baffle plate 4 is positioned between the first rotating shaft 14 and the second rotating shaft 16, cutting and wire kneading are separately carried out to avoid mutual interference, a plurality of second fixing plates 33 are detachably connected on the second rotating shaft 16 through second bearing rods 42, one end of each second bearing rod 42 on the same side is jointly fixed with a second mounting plate 43, the second fixing plates 33 are fixed on the second mounting plates 43 through bolts to facilitate the disassembly of the second fixing plates 33, the bottom plate 40 below the first rotating shaft 14 and the second rotating shaft 16 are both arranged in, the material is convenient to transfer, the discharge hopper 3 is installed on one side of the casing 2, the material after being kneaded is thrown out under the centrifugal action of the rotation of the second installation plate 43, one end side wall of the discharge hopper 3 is connected with one end of the bottom plate 40, two first fixing plates 30 are fixed on the bottom plate 40, the first fixing plates 30 are fixed on the bottom plate 40 through screws, one first fixing plate 30 is positioned below the second rotating shaft 16, the material is kneaded for the first time at the lowest position of the bottom plate 40, the other first fixing plate 30 is positioned on one side of the connection position of the bottom plate 40 and the discharge hopper 3, when discharging, the kneading is carried out again, the kneading quality is improved, a plurality of kneading knives 32 are fixed on one side of the first fixing plate 30 and one side of the second fixing plate 33 at equal intervals, the kneading knives 32 on the first fixing plate 30 and the second fixing plate 33 are arranged in a crossed manner, when the two groups of kneading knives 32 are crossed, two ends of the first rotating shaft 14 penetrate through the casing 2 and extend to two sides of the, one end of the second rotating shaft 16 penetrates through the casing 2 and extends to one side of the casing 2, one ends of the first rotating shaft 14 and the second rotating shaft 16 are in transmission connection through a first transmission belt 15, the first rotating shaft 14 drives the second rotating shaft 16 to rotate, a motor 18 is installed at the bottom of the support 1, the motor 18 is connected with the first rotating shaft 14 through a second transmission belt 19 and a transmission belt 19, and the motor 18 drives the first rotating shaft 14 to rotate through the second transmission belt 19;
the other end of the machine shell 2 is connected with a supporting frame 6, one end of the supporting frame 6 connected with the machine shell 2 is arranged in a through mode, a limiting hopper 13 is fixed to one side, located on the machine shell 2, of the upper end of the supporting frame 6, a material can conveniently enter the machine shell 2 from the supporting frame 6, a chain plate conveyor 7 is installed in the supporting frame 6, the material is fed through the chain plate conveyor 7, a chain plate machine loosening mechanism is arranged at one end of the supporting frame 6, the loosening degree of the chain plate conveyor 7 is adjusted, a first grass pressing roller 5 is installed on the opposite side wall in the supporting frame 6 through a third rotating shaft 20, the first grass pressing roller 5 is located at one end, close to the machine shell 2, of the chain plate conveyor 7, the first grass pressing roller 5 and the chain plate conveyor 7 are matched to compress the loosened material, the feeding stability is improved, the material deviation is avoided, two second grass pressing rollers 34 are installed in the machine shell 2 from top to bottom through a, the stable one side of cutter 31 of sending the material to, improve cutting efficiency, the both ends of a fourth pivot 41 of lowermost run through casing 2 and extend to the both sides of casing 2, third pivot 20, connect through the gear train transmission between two fourth pivots 41 and the drag chain conveyor 7, guarantee third pivot 20, stable rotation between two fourth pivots 41 and the drag chain conveyor 7, and be in the direction of rotation of pay-off, connect through the speed change mechanism transmission between the other end of first pivot 14 and a fourth pivot 41 of lowermost, first pivot 14 passes through speed change mechanism and drives fourth pivot 41 rotation and carry out the speed governing, the upper end of casing 2 is fixed with second baffle 17, the both sides of casing 2 all are fixed with protective housing 29, avoid equipment to fall into weeds when moving, and protect the staff.
In the invention, the loosening and tightening mechanism of the chain plate machine comprises adjusting grooves 9 arranged at two sides of a supporting frame 6, so that the loosening and tightening of a chain plate conveyor 7 can be adjusted from the outside, two ends of a rotating shaft on the chain plate conveyor 7, which is far away from one end of a shell 2, respectively penetrate through the adjusting grooves 9 and extend to two sides of the supporting frame 6, the loosening and tightening of the chain plate conveyor 7 are adjusted by moving the rotating shaft, two ends of the rotating shaft are rotatably connected with moving blocks 12, the position of the rotating shaft is adjusted by moving the moving blocks 12, an adjusting screw 10 is fixed at one side of each moving block 12, each moving block 12 is fixed by the adjusting screw 10, supporting blocks 11 are fixed at two sides of the supporting frame 6, the supporting blocks 11 are positioned at one side of the adjusting grooves 9, through holes are arranged at one side of the supporting blocks 11, the adjusting screw 10, and the adjusting screw 10 is fixed on the supporting block 11, thereby adjusting the tightness of the chain plate conveyor 7.
In the invention, a gear set comprises fifth gears fixedly sleeved on one side of two fourth rotating shafts 41, one side of a machine shell 2 is provided with two sixth gears which are meshed with each other, the two sixth gears are respectively meshed with the two fifth gears, the two fifth gears are in transmission connection through the two sixth gears to ensure that the rotating directions of the two fourth rotating shafts 41 are opposite to each other and send materials to a cutter 31, one end of the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lowest end is fixedly sleeved with a second chain wheel, a rotating shaft of a chain plate conveyor 7 at one end of the machine shell 2 is fixedly sleeved with a third chain wheel, the second chain wheel is connected with the third chain wheel through a second transmission chain, the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lower end drives the chain plate conveyor 7 to work and rotate, one side of a support frame 6 is provided with the fifth rotating shaft, the fifth rotating shaft is sequentially provided with the fourth chain wheel and the fifth chain wheel, the fourth sprocket meshes with the second drive chain, and when fourth pivot 41 drove drag conveyor 7 work, drive the fifth pivot through the fourth sprocket and rotate, and the one end of third pivot 20 is fixed with the sixth sprocket, and the sixth sprocket passes through the third drive chain transmission with the fifth sprocket and connects, and the fifth pivot rotates and drives third pivot 20 through the sixth sprocket to drive first grass pressing roller 5 and rotate, whole transmission process, all rotate with the state of pay-off between each motion.
In the invention, the speed change mechanism comprises a movable sleeve 44 slidably sleeved at the other end of the first rotating shaft 14, the movable sleeve 44 can slide on the first rotating shaft 14, the movable sleeve 44 is in splined connection with the first rotating shaft 14, the movable sleeve 44 can be driven to rotate when the first rotating shaft 14 rotates, two limiting blocks 45 are fixed on the first rotating shaft 14 to prevent the movable sleeve 44 from moving excessively, the movable sleeve 44 is positioned between the two limiting blocks 45, a fourth gear 36 and a second gear 24 are fixedly sleeved on the movable sleeve 44 from inside to outside in sequence, the diameter of the second gear 24 is larger than that of the fourth gear 36, a sixth rotating shaft is rotatably connected at the other side of the casing 2, a first gear 21 and a third gear 27 are fixedly sleeved on the sixth rotating shaft from inside to outside in sequence, the first gear 21 and the third gear 27 are positioned between the fourth gear 36 and the second gear 24, when the first gear 21 and the third gear 27 move between the fourth gear 36 and the second gear 24, the device is in a neutral gear state, the diameter of the first gear 21 is larger than that of the third gear 27, speed regulation is realized by meshing gears with different sizes, the first gear 21 corresponds to the fourth gear 36, when the fourth gear 36 is meshed with the first gear 21, as the fourth rotating shaft 41 rotates slowly and feeds slowly, a shorter green feed section is cut out, the third gear 27 corresponds to the second gear 24, when the second gear 24 is meshed with the third gear 27, the rotating speed of the fourth rotating shaft 41 is increased, feeding is fast, a longer green feed section is cut out, a seventh chain wheel is fixedly sleeved on the sixth rotating shaft, the other end of the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lowest end is fixedly sleeved with the first chain wheel 25, the diameter of the first chain wheel 25 is larger than that of the seventh chain wheel, the seventh chain wheel is in transmission connection with the first chain wheel 25 through the first transmission chain 26, the first rotating shaft 14 drives the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lowest end to rotate through the gear set, the rotation state that two fourth rotating shafts 41 are in feeding is achieved, a fixing rod 22 is fixed on the other side of the machine shell 2, a rocker 23 is hinged to one side of the fixing rod 22, the rocker 23 is supported, the rocker 23 is located between the fourth gear 36 and the second gear 24, the rocker 23 abuts against one side of the fourth gear 36 or one side of the second gear 24 through the swinging rocker 23, a movable sleeve 44 is driven to slide on the first rotating shaft 14, gears are meshed with each other, a limiting groove 28 is formed in a protective shell 29 on the other side of the machine shell 2, the limiting groove 28 is provided with three notches, the middle is hollow, the two sides are respectively high-speed gear and low-speed gear, the rocker 23 moves into the corresponding notch after being adjusted, the rocker 23 penetrates through the protective shell 29 and extends to the upper end of the protective shell 29, the rocker 23 is adjusted outside the protective shell 29, and.
According to the technical scheme, when the green fodder feeding device is used, the tightness of the chain plate conveyor 7 is adjusted through the chain plate machine tightening mechanism, the green fodder is manually placed on the chain plate conveyor 7, the chain plate conveyor 7 drives the green fodder to be conveyed into the shell 2, the fodder is compacted through the first grass pressing roller 5 before entering the shell 2, the fodder is conveyed to one side of the cutter 31 through the two second grass pressing rollers 34 arranged up and down in the shell 2, is cut into sections through the cutter 31 at the bottom knife 35, then enters the lower end of the filament kneading knife 32, is cut into soft green silks through the upper and lower staggered filament kneading knives 32, is discharged through the discharging hopper 3, the rocker 23 is shifted according to the length requirement of the green silks, the rocker 23 abuts against one side of the fourth gear 36 or the second gear 24, the movable sleeve 44 is driven to slide on the first rotating shaft 14, and when the fourth gear 36 is meshed with the first gear 21, the fourth rotating shaft 41 rotates slowly, when the second gear 24 is meshed with the third gear 27, the rotating speed of the fourth rotating shaft 41 is increased, the feeding speed is increased, and the longer green feed sections are cut, in operation, the motor drives the first rotating shaft 14 to rotate, so as to drive the cutter 31 to rotate and cut, the first rotating shaft 14 drives the second rotating shaft 16 to rotate through the first transmission belt 15, so as to drive the wire kneading knives 32 on the second rotating shaft 16 and the two sets of wire kneading knives 32 on the bottom plate 40 to shred, when the first rotating shaft 14 rotates, the first rotating shaft 14 drives the fourth gear 36 and the second gear 24 to rotate through the driving of the moving sleeve 44, so as to drive the first gear 21 or the third gear 27 to rotate, the first gear 21 or the third gear 27 drives the sixth rotating shaft to rotate, the sixth rotating shaft drives the first chain wheel 25 to rotate through the first transmission chain 26, the first chain wheel 25 drives the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lowest end to rotate, and the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lowest end drives the fourth rotating shaft 41 to rotate through the fifth gear and the two sixth gears And the second grass pressing rollers 34 are driven to rotate reversely to feed, when the fourth rotating shaft 41 at the lowest end rotates, the chain plate conveyor 7 is driven to rotate through the second chain wheel and the second transmission chain to feed, the second transmission chain drives the fifth rotating shaft to rotate through the fourth chain wheel, and the fifth rotating shaft rotates to drive the third rotating shaft 20 to rotate through the fifth chain wheel and the third transmission chain, so that the first grass pressing roller 5 is driven to rotate, grass is pressed and the grass is fed.
Other embodiments of the present application will be apparent to those skilled in the art from consideration of the specification and practice of the application disclosed herein. This application is intended to cover any variations, uses, or adaptations of the invention following, in general, the principles of the application and including such departures from the present disclosure as come within known or customary practice within the art to which the invention pertains. It is intended that the specification and examples be considered as exemplary only, with a true scope of the disclosure being indicated by the following claims.
It will be understood that the present application is not limited to the precise arrangements described above and shown in the drawings and that various modifications and changes may be made without departing from the scope thereof. The above-described embodiments of the present application do not limit the scope of the present application.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a silk machine is rubbed to straw hay cutter, includes support (1), its characterized in that: casing (2) are installed to the upper end of support (1), be fixed with bottom plate (40) jointly on the relative lateral wall in casing (2), install first pivot (14) on the relative lateral wall in casing (2), on first pivot (14) through equal interval demountable installation of first carrier bar (38) have a plurality of cutters (31), the one end of bottom plate (40) is fixed with bed knife (35), bed knife (35) with first pivot (14) are located same horizontal position, just bed knife (35) with cutter (31) are corresponding, install second pivot (16) on the relative lateral wall in casing (2), be fixed with first baffle (4) on the relative lateral wall in casing (2), first baffle (4) are located first pivot (14) with between second pivot (16), can dismantle through second carrier bar (42) on second pivot (16) and be connected with a plurality of second fixed plates (33) ) The bottom plate (40) below the first rotating shaft (14) and the second rotating shaft (16) are both arranged in an arc shape, a discharge hopper (3) is installed on one side of the machine shell (2), one end side wall of the discharge hopper (3) is connected to one end of the bottom plate (40), two first fixing plates (30) are fixed on the bottom plate (40), one of the first fixing plates (30) is located below the second rotating shaft (16), the other first fixing plate (30) is located on one side of the joint of the bottom plate (40) and the discharge hopper (3), a plurality of wire kneading knives (32) are fixed on one sides of the first fixing plate (30) and the second fixing plate (33) at equal intervals, two ends of the first rotating shaft (14) penetrate through the machine shell (2) and extend to two sides of the machine shell (2), one end of the second rotating shaft (16) penetrates through the machine shell (2) and extends to one side of the machine shell (2), the grass pressing machine is characterized in that one end of the first rotating shaft (14) is in transmission connection with one end of the second rotating shaft (16) through a first transmission belt (15), a motor (18) is installed at the bottom of the support (1), the motor (18) is connected with the first rotating shaft (14) through a second transmission belt (19) and a transmission belt (19), the other end of the casing (2) is connected with a support frame (6), one end of the support frame (6) is connected with the casing (2) in a penetrating mode, a chain plate conveyor (7) is installed in the support frame (6), one end of the support frame (6) is provided with a chain plate machine loosening and tightening mechanism, a first grass pressing roller (5) is installed on the opposite side wall in the support frame (6) through a third rotating shaft (20), the first grass pressing roller (5) is located at the position where the chain plate conveyor (7) is close to one end of the casing (2), and two second grass pressing rollers (34) are installed in the casing (2) from top to bottom, two second grass pressing rollers (34) are located dead knife (35) with between chain scraper conveyor (7), the one of lowermost both ends of fourth pivot (41) are run through casing (2) and are extended to the both sides of casing (2), third pivot (20), two fourth pivot (41) with connect through the gear train transmission between chain scraper conveyor (7), the other end of first pivot (14) and the one of lowermost are connected through the speed change mechanism transmission between fourth pivot (41), the upper end of casing (2) is fixed with second baffle (17), the both sides of casing (2) all are fixed with protective housing (29).
2. The straw hay cutter and shredder according to claim 1, wherein the chain trigger tensioner comprises adjustment grooves (9) provided on both sides of the support frame (6), two ends of a rotating shaft on the chain plate conveyor (7) far away from one end of the machine shell (2) respectively penetrate through the adjusting grooves (9) and extend to two sides of the supporting frame (6), two ends of the rotating shaft are rotatably connected with moving blocks (12), one side of each moving block (12) is fixed with an adjusting screw rod (10), supporting blocks (11) are fixed on two sides of the supporting frame (6), the supporting blocks (11) are positioned on one side of the adjusting groove (9), one side of the supporting block (11) is provided with a through hole, the adjusting screw rod (10) penetrates through the through hole, two nuts are sleeved on the adjusting screw rod (10) in a threaded manner and are respectively positioned on two sides of the supporting block (11).
3. The straw hay cutting and kneading machine according to claim 1, wherein the gear set comprises a fifth gear fixedly sleeved on one side of two fourth rotating shafts (41), one side of the casing (2) is provided with two sixth gears meshed with each other, the two sixth gears are respectively meshed with the two fifth gears, one end of the lowest fourth rotating shaft (41) is fixedly sleeved with a second chain wheel, a third chain wheel is fixedly sleeved on a rotating shaft of the chain plate conveyor (7) positioned at one end of the casing (2), the second chain wheel and the third chain wheel are connected through a second transmission chain, one side of the support frame (6) is provided with a fifth rotating shaft, a fourth chain wheel and a fifth chain wheel are sequentially installed on the fifth rotating shaft, the fourth chain wheel is meshed with the second transmission chain, one end of the third rotating shaft (20) is fixedly provided with a sixth chain wheel, and the sixth chain wheel is in transmission connection with the fifth chain wheel through a third transmission chain.
4. The straw hay cutting and filament kneading machine according to claim 1, wherein the speed change mechanism comprises a movable sleeve (44) slidably sleeved at the other end of the first rotating shaft (14), the movable sleeve (44) is in splined connection with the first rotating shaft (14), two limiting blocks (45) are fixed on the first rotating shaft (14), the movable sleeve (44) is located between the two limiting blocks (45), a fourth gear (36) and a second gear (24) are fixedly sleeved on the movable sleeve (44) from inside to outside in sequence, the diameter of the second gear (24) is larger than that of the fourth gear (36), the other side of the housing (2) is rotatably connected with a sixth rotating shaft, a first gear (21) and a third gear (27) are fixedly sleeved on the sixth rotating shaft from inside to outside in sequence, and the first gear (21) and the third gear (27) are located on the fourth gear (36) and the second gear (27) (24) The diameter of the first gear (21) is larger than that of the third gear (27), the first gear (21) corresponds to the fourth gear (36), the third gear (27) corresponds to the second gear (24), a seventh chain wheel is fixedly sleeved on the sixth rotating shaft, a first chain wheel (25) is fixedly sleeved on the other end of the fourth rotating shaft (41) at the lowest end, the diameter of the first chain wheel (25) is larger than that of the seventh chain wheel, the seventh chain wheel is in transmission connection with the first chain wheel (25) through a first transmission chain (26), a fixing rod (22) is fixed on the other side of the machine shell (2), a rocker (23) is hinged to one side of the fixing rod (22), and the rocker (23) is located between the fourth gear (36) and the second gear (24), the protective shell (29) on the other side of the machine shell (2) is provided with a limiting groove (28), and the rocker (23) penetrates through the protective shell (29) and extends to the upper end of the protective shell (29).
5. The straw hay cutting and kneading machine according to claim 1, wherein four corners of the lower end of the support frame (1) are provided with moving wheels (8), wherein two of the moving wheels (8) on one side of the support frame (6) are universal wheels.
6. The straw hay cutter and filament-kneading machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein a limiting hopper (13) is fixed to the upper end of the supporting frame (6) at one side of the housing (2).
7. The straw hay-cutting and wire-kneading machine as claimed in claim 1, wherein reinforcing bars (37) are jointly fixed to opposite side walls in said housing (2).
8. The straw hay cutter and filament rolling machine according to claim 1, wherein a first mounting plate (39) is jointly fixed at one end of a plurality of first carrying rods (38) on the same side, and the cutter (31) is fixed on the first mounting plate (39) through bolts.
9. The straw hay cutter filament-kneading machine according to claim 1, wherein a second mounting plate (43) is fixed to one end of the second carrying rods (42) on the same side, and the second fixing plate (33) is fixed to the second mounting plate (43) through bolts.
CN202011112415.XA 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 Straw cutting and rubbing machine Pending CN112166839A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011112415.XA CN112166839A (en) 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 Straw cutting and rubbing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011112415.XA CN112166839A (en) 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 Straw cutting and rubbing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112166839A true CN112166839A (en) 2021-01-05

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011112415.XA Pending CN112166839A (en) 2020-10-16 2020-10-16 Straw cutting and rubbing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112166839A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112869214A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-01 滕思宇 Poultry chopped straw filament machine
CN113428579A (en) * 2021-08-26 2021-09-24 江苏天鹏机电制造有限公司 Bucket conveyor with chain plates capable of being adjusted in deformable mode and using method of bucket conveyor
CN113973597A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-28 安徽省阜阳市盛大机械有限公司 High-efficient hay cutter kneads silk machine

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112869214A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-01 滕思宇 Poultry chopped straw filament machine
CN113428579A (en) * 2021-08-26 2021-09-24 江苏天鹏机电制造有限公司 Bucket conveyor with chain plates capable of being adjusted in deformable mode and using method of bucket conveyor
CN113973597A (en) * 2021-10-25 2022-01-28 安徽省阜阳市盛大机械有限公司 High-efficient hay cutter kneads silk machine

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