CN1121666C - Dynamic monitoring method for analog quantity detector in alarm controller - Google Patents

Dynamic monitoring method for analog quantity detector in alarm controller Download PDF

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CN1121666C
CN1121666C CN 98110307 CN98110307A CN1121666C CN 1121666 C CN1121666 C CN 1121666C CN 98110307 CN98110307 CN 98110307 CN 98110307 A CN98110307 A CN 98110307A CN 1121666 C CN1121666 C CN 1121666C
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detector
alarm
value
analog
network
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CN 98110307
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CN1239795A (en
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方葛丰
胡海
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蚌埠依爱消防电子有限责任公司
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Abstract

本发明提供一种对报警控制器中模拟量探测器进行动态监测的方法,属于报警设备技术领域的一种监测方法。 The present invention provides a detector alarm controller analog dynamic monitoring method, belongs to a technical field monitoring method alarm equipment. 该方法是:报警控制器将挂接在其总线上的模拟量探测器检测到的环境参数进行数据处理,在程序的控制下,经网络线、网络卡送往PC机以水银的方式显示,将运行过程中发生的异常现象自动记录。 The method is: an alarm controller which will be mounted as the environmental parameters on the analog bus detector to detect data processing, under control of the program, via a network cable, a network card to the PC in a display mode mercury, the anomalies occur during the operation of the automatic recording. 该监测方法可以及时检查出因环境影响提前失效的探测器,保证报警控制器的工作质量。 The monitoring method can promptly check the environmental impact due to premature failure detector, the alarm control maintaining quality.

Description

对报警控制器上模拟量探测器进行动态监测的方法 Method for the analog detector alarm controller dynamically monitoring

技术领域 FIELD

本发明提供一种对报警控制器上模拟量探测器进行动态检测的方法,属于报警设备技术领域的一种监测方法。 The present invention provides an alarm on the controller analog detectors dynamic detection method, belongs to a technical field monitoring method alarm equipment.

背景技术 Background technique

模拟量探测器能随时反应环境参数的微小变化,因此,在各种报警装置中有逐步替代开关量探测器的趋势。 Analog detector can be reacted at any small changes in environmental parameters, thus, tends to gradually replace the detector switch in various alarm devices. 模拟量探测器在报警装置中承担信号采集的任务,所以,模拟量探测器的运行状态对报警装置的工作质量至关重要,如模拟量探测器处于非正常状态下运行,就会降低报警装置的可靠性,增加误报率。 Assume the task of the analog signal acquisition probe in the alarm device, so the operating state of the analog detector alarm device crucial to the quality of work, such as the analog detector is operated at a non-normal state, the alarm device will reduce reliability, increase the rate of false positives. 为保证模拟量探测器的运行状态正常,传统的作法是:对报警装置中的所有模拟量探测器进行定期清洗。 To ensure the operation of the normal state of the analog detectors, conventional practice is: all analog detector alarm device periodically cleaned. 但是,由于安装的位置不同,所处的环境不同,以及各模拟量探测器的内在质量差异等,决定了报警装置中各模拟量探测器出现故障的几率不同,定期清洗的办法,无法及时清除受各种因素影响提前失效的探测器,无法及时了解模拟量探测器的运行状态,就不能保证报警装置的工作质量,给安全带来了隐患。 However, due to the different installation positions, in which the different environment, and the inherent quality differences of analog detectors, etc., determine the probability of different alarm detectors each analog failure, regular cleaning approach can not promptly removed probe by various factors early failure, inability to understand the operational status of the analog detectors, we can not guarantee the quality of the work of the police unit, to bring security risks.

发明内容 SUMMARY

本发明的目的在于提供一种能直观地实时显示报警控制器上模拟量探测器运行状况的监测方法,可以及时检查出受环境影响提前时效的探测器,保证报警控制器的工作质量。 Object of the present invention is to provide a real time visual display on the health monitoring method alarm controller analogue probe, the probe can be promptly check the advance of aging influenced by the environment, to ensure the quality of the work alarm controller.

本发明所提供的对报警控制器上模拟量探测器进行动态检测的方法是,报警控制器通过网络线、网络卡、PC机按下述步骤对挂接在其总线上的模拟量探测器进行动态检测:a、配制网络卡,使确定的网络卡占用正确的PC机I/O槽地址,并与网络卡占用网络中的节点号相匹配;b、由报警控制器将每个模拟量探测器的回路号、检测值、平均值打成数据包并存储在报警控制器内;c、PC机通过插在I/O槽上的网络卡、经网络线向报警控制器读取数据包,并将每个模拟量探测器的回路号、检测值、平均值分别存入PC机中的两个数据单元;d、按探测器的平均值+预警值设定预警阈值,按探测器的平均值+报警值设定报警阈值,按老化故障值设定老化故障阈值;e、PC机分别将各回路中每个探测器的平均值、检测值取出,并送显示屏用并排深浅两色水银柱显示;f、PC机启动 The method of the alarm controller analog detectors motion detection provided by the invention is attached to the alarm controller bus on its analog detectors in the following step is performed by a network cable, network cards, PC machine dynamic detection: a, preparation network card, network card to determine that the correct occupation of the PC I / O slot address, and the network card in the network occupied by a node number match; B, the alarm controller to each analog detection loop number is detected, average packet labeled and stored in the alarm controller; c, PC machine by inserting in the I / O network card slot, the read data packet to the alarm controller via the network line, and the number of each analog detector circuit, the detected values ​​are the average of two data units stored in the PC; D, set alarm threshold warning value by means + detector, the detector according to the average value + alarm threshold alarm set value, the fault value is set by aging in the aging threshold; e, PC machine respectively each of the average value of each detector circuit, the detection value taken, and sent to the display side by side with two color shades of mercury column display; f, PC machine start 较程序,对各回路中每个模拟量探测器的检测值、平均值与各设定阈值比较,当该探测器检测值≥预警阈值、或该探测器检测值≥报警阈值、或该探测器检测值≥老化故障阈值时,PC机执行存盘程序,将发生的数据存盘;当该探测器检测值<0时,PC机启动图形处理程序,使表示检测值的水银柱变色,并将发生的数据存盘。 More procedures, each loop detection for each analog detector, compared with the average for each set threshold value when the probe detects ≥ alarm threshold, the detector or the alarm threshold value ≥ detection, or the probe data value ≥ aging in the detection threshold value, PC machine program execution save, save will occur; when the probe detects a value <time 0, PC machine starts graphics program, so that the detected value of the mercury column indicates discoloration occurs and data archiving.

采用本发明所提供的对报警控制器上模拟量探测器进行动态监测的方法,可实时显示报警控制器上每一个模拟量探测器的运行情况,并对发生的异常情况进行纪录,存人计算机内的指定文件上,以便调出查阅每个探测器的运行状况历史。 The method of using the analog detector alarm controller of the present invention, dynamic monitoring provided by the real-time display operation of each of the analog detector alarm controller, and the occurrence of an abnormality to be documented, stored personal computer on the specified file in order to bring up the review health history of each detector. 用此监测方法,可以及时发现、拆除由于环境情况造成早期失效的模拟量探测器,以保证报警系统的工作质量。 With this monitoring method can detect, since the removal of the analog detector early failure caused by environmental conditions, in order to ensure the quality of the work of the alarm system. 例如:在计算机屏幕上看到某只探测器的平均值达到或超过了老化故障线时,说明这只模拟量探测器很脏,已处于非正常工作状态,需要马上拆除,进行清洗,若看到某只模拟量探测器表示检测值的水银柱变色,说明该只模拟量探测器发生了故障,需要检修,如某只探测器的检测值水银柱消失,这只探测器可能已被摘除或发生了故障,提醒工作人员及时检查。 For example: see only an average value of a detector reaches or exceeds the aging in the line, the analog sensor indicates only dirty, it has been in a non-normal operation requiring immediate removal, for cleaning on a computer screen, to see if only analog to a mercury detector represents the detected value of the color, indicating that only the analog detector has a failure, maintenance needs, such as the detected value of the detector only for a mercury disappear, this may have been removed or detector It has failed to alert staff promptly checked. 采用本监测方法,克服了模拟量探测器安装在天花板、夹层或管道内,不便观察维护的缺点,可以在PC机的屏幕上直观地了解每一只探测器的运行状况,发现某只模拟量探测器已处于非正常状态下运行,即可马上通知有关人员拆除、检修。 According to the present monitoring method overcomes the disadvantages of the analog detector is mounted in the ceiling, or sandwich pipes, maintenance inconvenient observation, can intuitively understand the operating conditions of each detector only on a PC screen, a discovery only analog detector has been in operation under abnormal state, to inform the person concerned immediately removed overhaul. 同时,由于预警、报警的阈值均叠加在环境参数上,随环境的变化而变化,消除了由于环境变化造成的误报,保证了报警控制器报警的准确性。 At the same time, due to the warning, alarm thresholds are superimposed on the environmental parameters, along with changes in the environment changes, the elimination of false alarms due to environmental changes caused alarm controller to ensure the accuracy of the alarm.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

图1、为对报警控制器上模拟量探测器进行动态监测方法的程序流程图;图2、为本发明的实施例中PC机显示屏上的主菜单;图3、为本发明的实施例中PC机显示屏上的动态界面图;图4、为本发明的实施例中对一只探测器的长时间的工作曲线;图5、实现本发明的报警控制器上模拟量探测器动态监测系统框图;图6、为图5中PC机网络卡原理框图;图7、为图5中PC机网络卡电原理图。 1, the program of the analog detector alarm controller flowchart of a method for dynamic monitoring; 2, the main menu on the display screen of the present embodiment, a PC embodiment of the invention; Figure 3, embodiments of the present invention FIG dynamic interface between PC on the display screen; FIG. 4, curve embodiment of a long probe of the present embodiment of the invention; FIG. 5, the alarm controller of the present invention to achieve the dynamic monitoring analog detector system block diagram; FIG. 6, FIG. 5 is a schematic in block diagram of the PC network card; FIG. 7, FIG. 5 is a PC card electrical schematic diagram of the network.

具体实施方式 detailed description

下面结合附图说明本发明的实施,如图5所示,报警控制器通过网络线、网络卡、PC机对挂接于其总线上的模拟量探测器进行监视。 BRIEF DESCRIPTION The following embodiments of the present invention, as shown in FIG. 5, the alarm controller via a network cable, network cards, PC machine monitor probe attached thereto on the analog bus. 图6、图7分别为PC机网络卡原理框图和电原理图,由网络接口电路、网络通讯电路、网络节点设置电路、I/O槽地址设置电路、译码电路、数据缓冲电路组成网络卡。 6, FIG. 7 are the PC network card and electrical schematic block diagram, a network interface circuit, the communication circuit network, the network node setting circuit, I / O slot address setting circuit, a decoder circuit, a data buffer circuit network card . 其中网络接口电路IC1采用适配器,完成网络线上传输的非标准信号与网络卡上标准的CMOS或TTL电平信号的转换;网络通讯电路IC2采用局域网控制/收发电路,用来设置网络节点、完成PC机与网络的通讯。 Wherein the network interface circuit IC1 by using an adapter, complete conversion of standard CMOS or TTL level signal from the non-standard signal with a network card of a network transmission line; network LAN communication using a control circuit IC2 / receiving circuit for setting the network node, is completed PC and network communications. 网络节点设置电路由跳线器W1、电阻排R2和锁存器IC3组成,跳线器W1与电阻排R2配合设置完成后可确定网络卡在网络的节点号,I/O槽地址设置电路包括跳线器W2、电阻排R3和锁存器IC5,该电路可确定网络卡占用PC机I/O槽的地址,PC机选中该地址后才能对网络卡进行操作。 The network node provided by the circuit W1 jumper, a resistor R2 and a latch row IC3 composed jumper W1 and discharge resistor R2 is provided with the network card may be determined after completion of the network node number is provided, I / O address circuitry comprises a slot W2 of jumpers, the discharge resistance R3 and the latch IC5, the circuit can determine the network address of the PC card occupied by I / O slot, network card in order to operate the PC after the selected address. 由译码电路IC6分别选通网络通讯电路、网络节点设置电路、I/O槽地址设置电路,使PC机读取网络卡上的网络节点、I/O槽地址、并对网络卡上的网络通讯电路进行操作。 A decoding circuit IC6 respectively gating circuit communication network, the network node setting circuit, I / O slot address setting circuit, so that the PC reads the network nodes on the network card, I / O slot address, and the network on the network card communication circuit operates. 数据缓冲电路IC4对PC机和网络卡上的数据起缓冲隔离作用,以保护数据。 Data buffer circuit IC4 data on the PC card and network isolation a buffer to protect the data.

图1为本发明所述监测方法的程序流程图。 Figure 1 a program flowchart of the monitoring method of the present invention. 以下结合图1、图2、图3、图4、图6、图7说明本发明的监测方法。 The following in conjunction with FIGS. 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 illustrates monitoring method of the present invention. 图1中框A为初始化网卡,即是对图6、图7所说的网卡进行配制,对网络节点设置电路和I/O槽地址设置电路上的跳线器W1、W2进行设置,使确定的网络卡占用正确的PC机I/O槽地址,并与网络卡占用网络的节点号相匹配,打开了网络线、网络与PC机之间的数据通道,如网卡设置不正确或未插好,会造成初始化不通过,退出测试,需进一步检查,重新设置,直至初始化通过,当初始化通过后,开始执行D框为PC机准备数据。 FIG 1 A is a block initializing the card, that is, in FIG. 6, FIG. 7 of said card formulated W1 jumper disposed on a circuit provided on the circuit and I / O slot address of the network node, W2 set the determining network PC-card occupies the correct I / O address slot, and matches the node number of the network card of the network occupied, opens the data channel between the network cable, a network PC, whether or not the card is not set correctly plugged will cause initialization is not passed, exit the test, need further examination, re-set until the initializing, after initialization by, you begin to prepare for the PC box D data. 报警控制器将挂接在其总线上的模拟量探测器所测得的环境模拟量转换成数字量后,再按类打成数据包,存放在报警控制器内部的单片机中,这个过程称为“为网卡准备数据”,若网卡数据未准备好,则继续进行准备工作,数据准备好后,PC机就可按E框从网卡读取已准备好的数据包、并将它们按类存入PC机中不同的数组单元,程序运行至此,屏幕上出现如图2所示菜单,上面有三个选项:“动态显示”“历史浏览”、“退出测试”,用光标选项,进入F框“动态显示”,PC机从机内的数组单元中取数,送至显示屏对号入座,如图3所示,以深浅两色并排的水银柱表示每个模拟量探测器的平均值和检测值,水银柱的高度表示数据的大小。 After conversion the alarm controller bus mounted on its environment analog detector measured analog into digital, then labeled packet class, stored in the internal microcontroller alarm controller, this process is called "preparation for the network card data", if card data is not ready, then proceed with the preparatory work, data ready, PC machine can be read from the card by E box has been prepared packets, stores them by category PC, different array element, the program runs so far, as shown in Figure 2 menu appears on the screen, there are three options above: "dynamic display" "browsing history", "exit test", with the cursor option, enter the F box "dynamic display ", PC taken from the machine in the array element number of the machine to the display screen condemnation, as shown in FIG. 3, to the depth of the mercury column represents the average of two colors side by side and each analog detection probe, mercury height of the column indicates the size of the data. 图1中I框为用键盘设定各种阈值,由于各个模拟量探测器所处的背景环境不同,因而,所设定的预警、报警阈值也不同,它们的设定是将报警控制器按环境分类确定的预警、报警值叠加在平均值上,老化故障阈值同探测器老化故障值,这些阈值设定好后,送屏幕上显示,图3中显示各模拟量探测器检测值、平均值水银柱上方的两根短线表示预警、报警的阈值,贯穿屏幕的横线表示老化故障阈值,程序中K框执行比较命令,是将每个模拟量探测器的检测值与设定阈值进行比较,若某时某只模拟量探测器的检测值或平均值超过了设定阈值,说明此模拟量探测器发生了异常情况,此时,程序自动进入L框,将此时模拟量探测器的地址、发生异常情况时的检测值、时间存入指定文件FIRE×××ON中,若未超过设定阈值,程序不进入L框,依然回到D框,继续取值显示, Box in FIG. 1 I use the keyboard to set various thresholds, due to the different respective analog detector in which the context, therefore, the set warning, alarm thresholds are different, they are set by the alarm controller environment classification determined warning, alarm values ​​superimposed on the average, aging in aging in value with the threshold value detector, the good setting these threshold values, are sent to the display screen, shown in figure 3 each of the analog probe detects a value, average two short side mercury column indicates warning, alarm threshold value, the screen through aging in dash indicates the threshold, the program performs the comparison instruction block K, is the detection value and the set threshold value for each analog detector are compared, If only a detected value or an average value of a simulated amount detector exceeds a set threshold, indicating that this analog detector abnormality has occurred, this time, the program automatically goes into the L block, the address at this time the analog detector , the detection value when an abnormality occurs, the time stored in the specified file FIRE ××× ON, if not exceeds the set threshold value, the program does not enter the frame L, D block is still back, continuing display value, 取值的频率为每秒一次,即屏幕上的水银柱每秒刷新一次。 The value of a frequency of once per second, that is refreshed every second column of mercury on the screen. 本监测方法,可对挂接于报警控制器上的M回路、每回路N只模拟量探测器进行监视,其中,0<M<256,0<N<127,图中屏幕的上方所示为测试时间、回路号、设定的各种阈值,每页屏幕可显示16对水银柱,即16个模拟量探测器的运行情况,每回路最多127只模拟量探测器运行情况可用“PG UP”、“PG DN”翻页,每只探测器的编号设在水银柱下方,如需要查某一回路中的某些模拟量探测器的运行情况,只要把回路号输入,通过健盘、光标就可方便地查寻,非常方便。 This monitoring method, to be attached to the alarm controller circuit M, only every N circuit monitors the analog detector, wherein, above 0 <M <256,0 <N <127 screen shown in FIG. test time, the loop number, set various thresholds, per screen display 16 pairs of mercury, i.e., the operation of analog detectors 16, each of a maximum of 127 analog circuit operation amount detector available "PG uP" , "PG DN" page, each disposed below the number of the probe of mercury, such as the need to check the operation of a certain analog detector circuit, as long as the signal input circuit, through healthy disc, the cursor You can easily search, very convenient.

本方法实施例的程序中还设置了对每一只模拟量探测器长期工作情况的显示,若在执行E框后,通过光标选择“历史阅览”,即进入了观查某一模拟量探测器一段时间内的工作曲线。 The procedure of Example of the present method is also provided for each display only long-term operation of the analog sensor, if after execution of block E, selected by the cursor "browsing history", i.e. a check into the concept of the analog detector curve over time. 图4所示为一只模拟量探测器的工作曲线,横座标为时间,纵座标为检测值,虚线所示为背景参数,本实施例中每隔断30分钟取一次数,图中A点尖峰为一个瞬时干扰,可由设置的软件滤除,B点表示由吸烟引起的波动,C点表示一个真正的火警。 Figure 4 shows an analog detectors operating curve and the horizontal axis represents time and a vertical axis detection value, as shown in phantom background parameter, in this embodiment each of the partition 30 minutes take a number of times, point A in FIG. a peak instantaneous interference, the software may be provided to filter out, B point represents fluctuations caused by smoking, C represents a real fire point. 选择“退出测试”即可退出本监测程序。 Select "Exit Test 'to exit this monitoring program.

利用本监测方法还可对大型的报警系统进行监测,控制器与PC机连成令牌环网,最多可设置255个网络节点,采用令牌传送机制,各网络节点收到令牌后,方可接收/发送数据,完成网络间的令牌传送及PC机与网络的通讯,从而实现对每个报警控制器上所带模拟量探测器的动态监测。 With the present method may further monitoring of large monitor alarm system, the controller and the PC is connected to a token ring network, can be set up to the network node 255, using a token passing mechanism, after each network node receives a token, Fang may receive / transmit data, the transfer completion token and the network communication between the PC and the network, in order to achieve dynamic monitoring alarm controller carried on each analogue detector. 实施本监测方法,应选用由计算机或单片机控制的报警控制器。 Monitoring method of the present embodiment, the alarm controller should be used by a computer or microcontroller.

Claims (1)

1.一种对报警控制器上模拟量探测器进行动态监测的方法,其特征在于报警控制器通过网络线、网络卡、PC机按下述步骤对挂接在其总线上的模拟量探测器进行动态监测:a、配制网络卡,使确定的网络卡占用正确的PC机I/O槽地址,并与网络卡占用网络中的节点号相匹配;b、由报警控制器将每个模拟量探测器的回路号、检测值、平均值打成数据包并存储在报警控制器内;c、PC机通过插在I/O槽上的网络卡、经网络线向报警控制器读取数据包,并将每个模拟量探测器的回路号、检测值、平均值分别存入PC机中的两个数组单元;d、按探测器的平均值+预警值设定预警阈值,按探测器的平均值+报警值设定报警阈值,按老化故障值设定老化故障阈值;e、PC机分别将各回路中每个探测器的平均值、检测值取出,并送显示屏用并排深浅两色水银柱显示;f、PC机启动比 1. A method for the alarm controller analog dynamic monitoring detectors, characterized in that the alarm controller via a network cable, network cards, PC machine according to the following steps on its attached bus analog detector dynamic monitoring: a, preparation network card, network card to determine that the correct occupation of the PC I / O slot address, and the network card in the network occupied by a node number match; B, the alarm controller to each analog number detector circuit detects the value of the average packet labeled and stored in the alarm controller; c, PC machine by inserting in the I / O network card slot, the read data packet to the alarm controller via the network cable and the number of each analog detector circuit, the detected values ​​are the average of two arrays stored in the PC unit; D, mean + press set warning value detector alarm threshold, the detector according to the mean + alarm threshold alarm set value, the fault value is set by aging in the aging threshold; e, PC machine respectively each of the average value of each detector circuit, the detection value taken, and sent to the display side by side with two color shades mercury display; f, PC machine starts ratio 较程序,对各回路中每个模拟量探测器的检测值、平均值与各设定阈值进行比较,当该探测器检测值≥预警阈值、或该探测器检测值≥报警阈值、或该探测器平均值≥老化故障阈值时,PC机执行存盘程序,将发生的数据存盘;当该探测器检测值<0时,PC机启动图形处理程序,使表示检测值的水银柱变色,并将发生的数据存盘。 More procedures, each loop detection for each analog detector, compared with the average of a set threshold, the detector detecting when the detected value ≥ warning threshold, or the detection probe ≥ alarm threshold value, or when the average is ≥ aging fault threshold, PC machine program execution save, save data will occur; when the probe detects a value of <0, PC machine starts a graphics program, a detection value of the mercury column discoloration occurs and data archiving.
CN 98110307 1998-06-20 1998-06-20 Dynamic monitoring method for analog quantity detector in alarm controller CN1121666C (en)

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