CN112154756A - Application method of Hainan summer and autumn leaf vegetable fertilizer - Google Patents

Application method of Hainan summer and autumn leaf vegetable fertilizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112154756A
CN112154756A CN202010904802.0A CN202010904802A CN112154756A CN 112154756 A CN112154756 A CN 112154756A CN 202010904802 A CN202010904802 A CN 202010904802A CN 112154756 A CN112154756 A CN 112154756A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
summer
autumn
leaf
hainan
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Pending
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CN202010904802.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
雷菲
张文
吴宇佳
张冬明
吉清妹
符传良
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Institute Of Agricultural Environment And Soil Hainan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Institute Of Agricultural Environment And Soil Hainan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
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Application filed by Institute Of Agricultural Environment And Soil Hainan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Institute Of Agricultural Environment And Soil Hainan Academy Of Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN202010904802.0A priority Critical patent/CN112154756A/en
Publication of CN112154756A publication Critical patent/CN112154756A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern

Abstract

A method for applying leaf vegetable fertilizer in summer and autumn of Hainan relates to the field of agricultural planting, and comprises the following steps; A. base fertilizer, namely uniformly spreading organic fertilizer, compound fertilizer, microbial fertilizer or soil conditioner after ridging and land preparation, and then ploughing; B. after fully dissolving and uniformly mixing the solid fertilizer or the liquid fertilizer, directly applying the fertilizer through a water and fertilizer integrated device in a spray irrigation or drip irrigation mode through a pipeline; C. the leaf topdressing is characterized in that a proper amount of leaf surface spraying is carried out according to the product use instruction of the medium-trace element fertilizer, the yield of leaf vegetables can be greatly improved through the fertilizing mode, and particularly the yield of the leaf vegetables can be greatly increased in the Hainan area.

Description

Application method of Hainan summer and autumn leaf vegetable fertilizer
Technical Field
The invention relates to the field of agricultural planting, in particular to a method for applying a fertilizer to leaf vegetables in summer and autumn in Hainan province.
Background
The vegetables are one of indispensable vegetable agricultural products in daily life of people, and have very important nutritive value in the aspects of maintaining normal physiological activities of human bodies and improving health. However, due to the fact that the soil in Hainan is thin, farmers apply fertilizer unreasonably, the yield of vegetables is low, particularly, the vegetables are difficult to plant due to high temperature and heavy rain in summer and autumn, and how to improve the yield of the vegetables is a difficult problem. In order to solve the technical problems, a new technical scheme is especially provided.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a method for applying leaf vegetable fertilizer in summer and autumn in Hainan province, which comprises the following steps;
A. base fertilizer, namely uniformly spreading organic fertilizer, compound fertilizer, microbial fertilizer or soil conditioner after ridging and land preparation, and then ploughing;
B. after fully dissolving and uniformly mixing the solid fertilizer or the liquid fertilizer, directly applying the fertilizer through a water and fertilizer integrated device in a spray irrigation or drip irrigation mode through a pipeline;
C. and (4) top dressing of leaves, wherein proper amount of leaf surface spraying is carried out according to the product use instruction of the medium trace element fertilizer.
The organic fertilizer commercial organic fertilizer and the farmyard manure meet the requirement specified by NY 525, and the farmyard manure is applied after being fully decomposed; the microbial fertilizer comprises an agricultural microbial agent, a compound microbial fertilizer and a biological organic fertilizer, and meets the requirements specified in GB 20287, NY/T798 and NY 884 respectively.
The application amount of the organic fertilizer is 200-350 kg per mu, and the application amount of the decomposed organic fertilizer is 250-350kg per mu; according to the soil nutrient content, the commercial organic fertilizer and the decomposed organic fertilizer are applied once every 2-5 times of leaf vegetables are planted.
The compound fertilizer is applied by 5-15kg of high nitrogen compound fertilizer per mu according to the condition of soil nutrient content.
The microbial fertilizer is used in a greenhouse for more than 5 years, and can be applied with agricultural microbial agents, and the application amount is applied according to the recommended dosage of products.
The soil conditioner is applied in a greenhouse for more than 5 years every year or half a year according to the conditions of soil pH value, secondary salinization and the like, and the application amount and the application method are applied according to the recommended amount of products.
After seedling emergence, spraying a leaf fertilizer or a leaf fertilizer containing humic acid, wherein the first fertilization is about 14 days (summer and autumn) after sowing, the second fertilization is carried out after 7 days, 4-6 kilograms of high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer is applied per mu in summer and autumn about 14 days after sowing, and 8-12 kilograms of high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer is applied per mu in summer and autumn about 21 days after sowing; the pure nitrogen amount applied per mu in the whole growth period is 4-8 kg, and the pure potassium amount is 2-6 kg.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: the yield of the leaf vegetables can be greatly improved through the fertilizing mode, and particularly the yield of the leaf vegetables can be greatly increased in the Hainan area.
Detailed Description
The following will clearly and completely describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A method for applying leaf vegetable fertilizer in summer and autumn of Hainan comprises the following steps;
D. base fertilizer, namely uniformly spreading organic fertilizer, compound fertilizer, microbial fertilizer or soil conditioner after ridging and land preparation, and then ploughing;
E. after fully dissolving and uniformly mixing the solid fertilizer or the liquid fertilizer, directly applying the fertilizer through a water and fertilizer integrated device in a spray irrigation or drip irrigation mode through a pipeline;
F. and (4) top dressing of leaves, wherein proper amount of leaf surface spraying is carried out according to the product use instruction of the medium trace element fertilizer.
The organic fertilizer commercial organic fertilizer and the farmyard manure meet the requirement specified by NY 525, and the farmyard manure is applied after being fully decomposed; the microbial fertilizer comprises an agricultural microbial agent, a compound microbial fertilizer and a biological organic fertilizer, and meets the requirements specified in GB 20287, NY/T798 and NY 884 respectively.
The application amount of the organic fertilizer is 200-350 kg per mu, and the application amount of the decomposed organic fertilizer is 250-350kg per mu; according to the soil nutrient content, the commercial organic fertilizer and the decomposed organic fertilizer are applied once every 2-5 times of leaf vegetables are planted.
The compound fertilizer is applied by 5-15kg of high nitrogen compound fertilizer per mu according to the condition of soil nutrient content.
The microbial fertilizer is used in a greenhouse for more than 5 years, and can be applied with agricultural microbial agents, and the application amount is applied according to the recommended dosage of products.
The soil conditioner is applied in a greenhouse for more than 5 years every year or half a year according to the conditions of soil pH value, secondary salinization and the like, and the application amount and the application method are applied according to the recommended amount of products.
After seedling emergence, spraying a leaf fertilizer or a leaf fertilizer containing humic acid, wherein the first fertilization is about 14 days (summer and autumn) after sowing, the second fertilization is carried out after 7 days, 4-6 kilograms of high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer is applied per mu in summer and autumn about 14 days after sowing, and 8-12 kilograms of high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer is applied per mu in summer and autumn about 21 days after sowing; the two topdressing times in winter are about 20 days and about 27 days after sowing respectively; the pure nitrogen amount applied per mu in the whole growth period is 4-8 kg, and the pure potassium amount is 2-6 kg.
The method is suitable for the production of the leafy vegetables on a thin film top net shed in the Hainan area, and the leafy vegetables are planted under the following conditions, wherein the suitable conditions such as sandy or loamy soil with deep soil layer, loose soil, strong water and fertilizer retention, good drainage and over medium fertility are selected for planting the leafy vegetables; meanwhile, the selection is carried out according to the variety of the leaf vegetables, and the standard is as follows: according to the market demand, the cabbage heart should be selected from high temperature and high humidity resistant varieties, such as forest loyalty 005, forty-nine and New Zealand spires. The leaf vegetables can be used for seedling raising and direct sowing, the temperature in summer and autumn in the Hainan area is high, the growth period of the leaf vegetables is short, direct sowing is generally carried out on a film top net shed, land preparation and ridging are carried out before sowing, organic fertilizers and compound fertilizers are uniformly spread on the ridges, and soil and fertilizers are uniformly mixed by deep digging. Mixing the seeds and the fine sand uniformly, spreading the mixture on ridges, covering with thin soil, spraying water, and covering with a sunshade net. Watering every 1-2 days after sowing to keep the soil moist. The first fertilization is about 14 days after sowing, the second topdressing is applied after 7 days, and balanced fertilization is implemented according to the fertilizer requirement rule of the growth of the flowering cabbage and the soil fertilizer supply characteristics. The pure nutrient contents of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, calcium and magnesium required by the leaf vegetables per mu are 5.57-6.09: 2.99-5.22: 1.63-1.75: 0.57-0.70: 0.34-0.43. The fertilizing amount is adjusted according to the soil fertility conditions of the greenhouse, the top dressing is mainly applied, the base fertilizer is sufficiently applied, the top dressing mainly comprises nitrogen fertilizer and potassium fertilizer, and the top dressing is applied for 2 times.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (7)

1. A method for applying leaf vegetable fertilizer in summer and autumn of Hainan is characterized in that: the method consists of the following steps;
A. base fertilizer, namely uniformly spreading organic fertilizer, compound fertilizer, microbial fertilizer or soil conditioner after ridging and land preparation, and then ploughing;
B. after fully dissolving and uniformly mixing the solid fertilizer or the liquid fertilizer, directly applying the fertilizer through a water and fertilizer integrated device in a spray irrigation or drip irrigation mode through a pipeline;
C. and (4) top dressing of leaves, wherein proper amount of leaf surface spraying is carried out according to the product use instruction of the medium trace element fertilizer.
2. The method for applying the fertilizer for the leaf vegetables in summer and autumn of Hainan as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the organic fertilizer commercial organic fertilizer and the farmyard manure meet the requirement specified by NY 525, and the farmyard manure is applied after being fully decomposed; the microbial fertilizer comprises an agricultural microbial agent, a compound microbial fertilizer and a biological organic fertilizer, and meets the requirements specified in GB 20287, NY/T798 and NY 884 respectively.
3. The method for applying the fertilizer for the leaf vegetables in summer and autumn of Hainan as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the application amount of the organic fertilizer is 200-350 kg per mu, and the application amount of the decomposed organic fertilizer is 250-350kg per mu; according to the soil nutrient content, the commercial organic fertilizer and the decomposed organic fertilizer are applied once every 2-5 times of leaf vegetables are planted.
4. The method for applying the fertilizer for the leaf vegetables in summer and autumn of Hainan as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the compound fertilizer is applied by 5-15kg of high nitrogen compound fertilizer per mu according to the condition of soil nutrient content.
5. The method for applying the fertilizer for the leaf vegetables in summer and autumn of Hainan as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the microbial fertilizer is used in a greenhouse for more than 5 years, and can be applied with agricultural microbial agents, and the application amount is applied according to the recommended dosage of products.
6. The method for applying the fertilizer for the leaf vegetables in summer and autumn of Hainan as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer comprises the following components in percentage by weight: the soil conditioner is applied in a greenhouse for more than 5 years every year or half a year according to the conditions of soil pH value, secondary salinization and the like, and the application amount and the application method are applied according to the recommended amount of products.
7. The method for applying the fertilizer for the leaf vegetables in summer and autumn of Hainan as claimed in claim 1, wherein the fertilizer comprises the following components in percentage by weight: after seedling emergence, spraying a leaf fertilizer or a leaf fertilizer containing humic acid, wherein the first fertilization is about 14 days (summer and autumn) after sowing, the second fertilization is carried out after 7 days, 4-6 kilograms of high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer is applied per mu in summer and autumn about 14 days after sowing, and 8-12 kilograms of high-nitrogen liquid fertilizer is applied per mu in summer and autumn about 21 days after sowing; the two topdressing times in winter are about 20 days and about 27 days after sowing respectively; the pure nitrogen amount applied per mu in the whole growth period is 4-8 kg, and the pure potassium amount is 2-6 kg.
CN202010904802.0A 2020-09-01 2020-09-01 Application method of Hainan summer and autumn leaf vegetable fertilizer Pending CN112154756A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010904802.0A CN112154756A (en) 2020-09-01 2020-09-01 Application method of Hainan summer and autumn leaf vegetable fertilizer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010904802.0A CN112154756A (en) 2020-09-01 2020-09-01 Application method of Hainan summer and autumn leaf vegetable fertilizer

Publications (1)

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CN112154756A true CN112154756A (en) 2021-01-01

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113929538A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-01-14 海南省农业科学院农业环境与土壤研究所 Soil-improving special fertilizer for Sauropus androgynus and application method

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113929538A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-01-14 海南省农业科学院农业环境与土壤研究所 Soil-improving special fertilizer for Sauropus androgynus and application method

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