CN112144767A - Pressure release type waterproof system - Google Patents

Pressure release type waterproof system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112144767A
CN112144767A CN202011043984.3A CN202011043984A CN112144767A CN 112144767 A CN112144767 A CN 112144767A CN 202011043984 A CN202011043984 A CN 202011043984A CN 112144767 A CN112144767 A CN 112144767A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
waterproof
pressure relief
waterproofing
wetting
water
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011043984.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
龙宏元
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huaihua Wopu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Original Assignee
Huaihua Wopu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN201911237329 priority Critical
Priority to CN2019112373299 priority
Application filed by Huaihua Wopu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd filed Critical Huaihua Wopu Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
Publication of CN112144767A publication Critical patent/CN112144767A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/16Insulating devices or arrangements in so far as the roof covering is concerned, e.g. characterised by the material or composition of the roof insulating material or its integration in the roof structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04DROOF COVERINGS; SKY-LIGHTS; GUTTERS; ROOF-WORKING TOOLS
    • E04D13/00Special arrangements or devices in connection with roof coverings; Protection against birds; Roof drainage; Sky-lights
    • E04D13/04Roof drainage; Drainage fittings in flat roofs, balconies or the like
    • E04D13/064Gutters

Abstract

The invention discloses a pressure relief type waterproof system which comprises at least two waterproof materials which are spliced with each other, wherein a waterproof measure is arranged at an interface of the waterproof materials, the waterproof measure is a structure or a material for performing waterproof treatment on the interface, a pressure relief channel is arranged at the interface of the waterproof materials, and the pressure relief channel is arranged at a water inlet of the interface of the waterproof materials and is used for guiding water permeating into the interface of the waterproof materials to a drainage system. Compared with the prior art, the pressure relief type waterproof system provided by the invention has the advantages of low construction difficulty, low cost and longer service life.

Description

Pressure release type waterproof system
Technical Field
The present invention relates to a waterproof system, and more particularly to a waterproof system for achieving a waterproof effect by using a pressure relief type waterproof fitting.
Background
The flat top structure of a common house is realized by strictly preventing rainwater from leaking for a long time, the waterproof structure has higher requirements on construction sites, processes and weather, and the waterproof structure is not aging-resistant, so that the waterproof life is not long, repeated maintenance is needed, resources are wasted, and the ideal waterproof effect cannot be achieved. The waste material of the waterproof structure is difficult to recycle, which not only saves resources but also causes serious pollution to the environment.
Disclosure of Invention
In order to solve the problems of short waterproof life, difficult construction and the like in the existing waterproof technology, the invention provides a waterproof system for realizing a waterproof effect by using a pressure relief type waterproof accessory.
The technical scheme provided by the invention is as follows:
the utility model provides a pressure release formula waterproof system, its includes two piece at least waterproof materials of concatenation each other waterproof material's kneck sets up waterproof measure, waterproof measure is for carrying out water repellent's structure or material to the interface waterproof material kneck sets up the pressure release passageway, the water inlet at waterproof material kneck is installed to the pressure release passageway for water conservancy diversion to the drainage system of infiltration waterproof material kneck.
Preferably, the waterproof material is a functional material or a prefabricated member having waterproof performance by itself.
Preferably, the water repellent material has a non-wetting surface at least in the area where the water repellent means is provided.
Preferably, the waterproof measure is a structure or a material which can seal the interface of the waterproof material and has waterproof performance.
Preferably, the waterproof means is a non-wetting member or material or substance that can be brought into close contact with the non-wetting surface of the waterproof material.
Preferably, the pressure relief channel is a channel capable of freely discharging leakage water flow at the waterproof material interface.
Preferably, the pressure relief channel is an arc-shaped pipeline, a U-shaped or V-shaped cover or a cover with a downward opening, which can allow the leakage water flow to be freely discharged, or a leakage pipeline with a water through hole at the bottom, or a leakage pipeline with a flat bottom and water through holes at the bottom and side surfaces, or a hydrophilic drainage strip covered with a waterproof membrane at the upper part, or a combination of a hydrophilic drainage strip installed in an arc-shaped pipeline, a U-shaped or V-shaped cover or a cover with a downward opening, or a leakage pipeline with a water through hole at the bottom, or a leakage pipeline with a flat bottom and water through holes at the bottom and side surfaces.
Preferably, the surface of the waterproof material interface, which is in contact with the pressure relief channel or wider, is a hydrophobic surface.
Preferably, more than two pressure relief channels which are not in contact with each other are arranged at the waterproof material interface; or pressure relief channels are respectively arranged at the water inlets of the interfaces of the two waterproof structures or materials; or a pressure relief channel is arranged at the joint of the two waterproof structures or materials.
Preferably, the pressure relief type waterproof system is an independent and effective pressure relief waterproof area with more than one pressure relief channel independent from each other and without interference to jointly complete the pressure relief type waterproof task.
The invention has the beneficial effects that:
1. the method solves the technical difficulty of the existing waterproof engineering, and greatly reduces the engineering construction difficulty and the production cost.
2. It has no high requirements for construction site, process and weather, long waterproof period, no harmful matter produced during construction and environment friendship.
3. It can be produced from standardized profiles or prefabricated parts from existing materials.
4. Is suitable for various projects needing waterproof treatment.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the embodiments of the present application or the technical solutions in the prior art, the drawings used in the description of the embodiments or the prior art will be briefly described below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present application, and for those skilled in the art, other drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without creative efforts.
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a culvert according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an installation structure of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic structural view of an installation of an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of the installation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
In order to make those skilled in the art better understand the technical solutions in the present application, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present application will be clearly and completely described below, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present application, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present application.
It will be understood that when an element is referred to as being "fixed" or "disposed" on another element, it can be directly on the other element or be indirectly disposed on the other element; when an element is referred to as being "connected to" another element, it can be directly connected to the other element or be indirectly connected to the other element.
It will be understood that the terms "length," "width," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like, refer to an orientation or positional relationship illustrated in the drawings for convenience in describing the present application and to simplify description, and do not indicate or imply that the referenced device or element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus should not be construed as limiting the present application.
Furthermore, the terms "first", "second" and "first" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance or implicitly indicating the number of technical features indicated. Thus, a feature defined as "first" or "second" may explicitly or implicitly include one or more of that feature. In the description of the present application, the meaning of a plurality of or a plurality of is two or more unless specifically limited otherwise.
It should be understood that the structures, ratios, sizes, and the like shown in the drawings are only used for matching the disclosure of the specification, so as to be understood and read by those skilled in the art, and are not used to limit the practical limit conditions of the present application, so that the modifications of the structures, the changes of the ratio relationships, or the adjustment of the sizes, do not have the technical essence, and the modifications, the changes of the ratio relationships, or the adjustment of the sizes, are all within the scope of the technical contents disclosed in the present application without affecting the efficacy and the achievable purpose of the present application.
The embodiments of the present application are written in a progressive manner.
As shown in fig. 1, an embodiment of the present invention provides a pressure relief type waterproof system, in which a continuous non-wetting surface is processed on the periphery of a waterproof board [1] having a good self-waterproof performance shown in fig. 1 or on a back surface of a side edge having a drainage task, and the width of the non-wetting surface is preferably larger than the width of a non-wetting gasket [2] on the surface contacting with the waterproof board [1], so as to prevent leakage water from flowing to the center of the back surface of the waterproof board [1] to be wetted or flowing, and further, more surfaces of the waterproof board can be processed into the non-wetting surface; laying a non-wetting gasket [2] with a proper width on a plane or a support, installing a waterproof board [1] on the non-wetting gasket [2] and placing the edge of the waterproof board [1] at the middle position of the non-wetting gasket [2] to ensure that the non-wetting surface between the waterproof board [1] and the non-wetting gasket [2] is in close contact; in order to ensure that the non-wetting surfaces are in close contact better, a soft and easily-deformed cushion layer can be arranged below the non-wetting gasket [2], and a soft and easily-deformed non-wetting cushion layer can also be arranged between the two non-wetting surfaces; in order to improve the waterproof effect, a hydrophilic diversion strip [4] can be arranged or placed at the side of a water outlet at a non-wetting surface interface which is in close contact with the water outlet and extends into a drainage system to be used as a seepage water flow diversion part, and a proper waterproof accessory can be arranged between the two non-wetting surfaces; a hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is arranged or placed at the water inlet side of a non-wetting surface interface which is tightly contacted with a non-wetting gasket [2] of a waterproof board [1] and extends into a drainage system to serve as a pressure relief channel, the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is suitable for being provided with numerous or larger longitudinal hydrophilic drainage pores, meshes or channels, adjacent hydrophilic drainage strips [3] can be directly connected with each other, and a shorter hydrophilic drainage strip [3] can be lapped on a longer hydrophilic drainage strip [3] and is properly separated by a waterproof membrane, so that the leakage water flow can only flow in a single direction, the water flow can be prevented from being wetted and flowing at will, and the waterproof effect is improved; then the interfaces of the waterproof boards [1] are sealed or the upper surfaces of the waterproof boards [1] are covered with proper sealing materials [11 ].
When water current leaks from the interface of the waterproof board [1] to the non-wetting surface water inlet side of the waterproof board [1] and the non-wetting gasket [2] which are in close contact, the water current is firstly absorbed by the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] and drained to a drainage system, so that the water column or water pressure of the water current on the non-wetting surface water inlet side of the close contact cannot be formed, the seepage force or power of the water current permeating into the non-wetting surface water inlet side of the close contact is reduced, the water current is difficult to enter the non-wetting surface water inlet side of the close contact, and the waterproof task is completed. When a small amount of water flow leaks, the guide strips [4] guide the leaked water flow to the drainage system.
With reference to fig. 8, the peripheral sides of the waterproof board [1] with good self-waterproof performance shown in fig. 1 are processed with continuous non-wetting surfaces, a non-wetting part [9] (or other suitable non-wetting waterproof fittings) with proper width and thickness is tightly installed between the non-wetting surfaces of the peripheral sides of the waterproof boards [1], a hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is installed or placed on the upper surface of the non-wetting surface interface of the waterproof board [1] and the non-wetting part [9] in tight contact and extends into a drainage system to serve as a pressure relief channel, and then the interface of each waterproof board [1] and the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is sealed or the upper surfaces of the waterproof board [1] and the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] are covered with proper sealing materials.
Similarly, the periphery of the upper surface of the waterproof board [1] can be processed into a non-wetting surface, the width of the non-wetting surface is larger than the contact width of the non-wetting gasket [2] and the waterproof board [1], the non-wetting gasket [2] with proper width is changed into a non-wetting cover plate to cover and cling to the interface of each waterproof board [1], a hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is arranged or placed on the water inlet side of the interface of the non-wetting surface of the waterproof board [1] and the non-wetting cover plate in close contact and extends into a drainage system to serve as a pressure relief channel, and then the upper surface of each waterproof board [1] is covered with proper sealing material.
In this embodiment, the pressure relief channel at the interface of the non-wetting surface and the wider surface at the water inlet side can be processed into the non-wetting surface, so as to reduce the affinity between the leakage water flow and the interface, and enable the leakage water flow to be more quickly and thoroughly adsorbed to the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] and drained.
Furthermore, only the periphery of the waterproof board [1] or the side surface with the drainage task side edge can be processed with a continuous non-wetting surface, and the non-wetting surface side surfaces of the waterproof board [1] are tightly attached together during installation; in order to make the non-wetting surfaces contact closely better, a soft and easily-deformed non-wetting cushion layer can be arranged between the two non-wetting surface side surfaces; a hydrophilic drainage strip (3) is arranged or placed above a non-wetting surface interface (namely the side of a water inlet) of the waterproof board (1) which is in close contact with the non-wetting gasket (2) and extends into a drainage system to serve as a pressure relief channel, and then the interface of each waterproof board (1) is sealed or the upper surface of the waterproof board (1) is covered with a proper sealing material (11).
Further, with reference to fig. 2, on the basis of the foregoing embodiment, a whole length of a waterproof material [5] having a width or length similar to or slightly longer than that of the surface to be waterproofed is laid on the waterproof surface, and the waterproof material [5] is preferably a soft and easily deformable material; the two waterproof materials [5] are mutually lapped and tightly attached together, the lapping parts of the waterproof materials [5] are processed into non-wetting surfaces, or more surfaces of the waterproof materials [5] are processed into non-wetting surfaces, a hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is arranged or placed at the water inlet side of the non-wetting surface interface of the two waterproof materials [5] in close contact and extends into a drainage system to be used as a pressure relief channel, and then the interface of each waterproof material [5] is properly fixed or sealed, or the upper surface of the waterproof material [5] is covered with a proper sealing material to be protected and fixed.
A soft and easily deformable cushion layer can be arranged below the interface of the waterproof material [5] or a soft and easily deformable non-wetting cushion layer is arranged between two non-wetting surfaces; and a hydrophilic diversion strip [4] can be arranged or placed at the side of the water outlet at the interface of the closely contacted non-wetting surface and extends into a drainage system to be used as a seepage water flow diversion piece or a proper waterproof fitting is arranged to improve the waterproof effect.
Further, with reference to fig. 3, based on the foregoing embodiment, the side edges of the non-wetting surface of the waterproof material [5] are spliced and rolled into a roll-folded package [10], so that the non-wetting surfaces can be better attached together, a hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is installed or placed on the water inlet side of the roll-folded package [10] and extends into a drainage system to form a pressure relief channel, and then the roll-folded package [10] is sealed or the upper surface of the waterproof material [5] is covered with a suitable sealing material.
Further, with reference to fig. 4 and 5, based on the foregoing embodiment, a drainage culvert [6] with a proper size and a downward opening is processed, the drainage culvert [6] is inverted (preferably, two sides of the culvert [6] are straddled over two waterproof materials [5] at the interface), is positioned at the water inlet side of the interface of the non-wetting surface where the two waterproof materials [5] are in close contact, and is extended into a drainage system to form a pressure relief channel, and then the culvert [6] and the interface of the waterproof material [5] are properly fixed or sealed, or the waterproof material [5] and the culvert [6] are protected and fixed by covering a proper sealing material on the upper surfaces. The hidden culvert [6] always keeps a certain smooth channel to ensure that the leakage water flow can be discharged in time, and the leakage water flow is prevented from generating water columns or water pressure at the interface, thereby completing the waterproof task.
Furthermore, with reference to fig. 6, on the basis of the foregoing embodiment, a hydrophilic drainage member [7] is placed or installed in the drainage culvert [6], so as to increase the automatic drainage speed of the leakage water flow, prevent the leakage water flow from generating water columns or water pressures at the interface, and complete the waterproof task.
The drainage hidden culvert can be an arc-shaped pipeline with a downward opening, a U-shaped or V-shaped cover or a plurality of covers, or a leaking through pipeline with a water through hole at the bottom, or a hidden culvert formed by a leaking through pipeline with a smooth bottom and water through holes at the bottom and the side surfaces, or a hidden culvert formed by upwards protruding materials or structures such as waterproof plates, coiled materials, waterproof membranes and the like at a waterproof material interface (the protrusion is formed by processing the structural strength of the materials of the waterproof plates, the coiled materials, the waterproof membranes and the like or by arranging a support below the protrusion).
Further, with reference to fig. 7, based on the foregoing embodiment, a waterproof film is wrapped or covered on the upper surface of the hydrophilic drainage strip [3], and the lower surface is still in close contact with the water inlet side at the interface of the closely-contacted non-wetting surface, so as to prevent the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] from directly contacting with the covering or sealing material to affect the waterproof effect.
In this embodiment, a planar bottom plate with a suitable width may be disposed at the bottom of the closed culvert whose upper surface is sealed and whose side walls such as the arc-shaped pipeline with a downward opening, the U-shaped or V-shaped cover, the several-shaped cover, etc. and the upper surface are sealed, and at least a continuous non-wetting surface is processed on the lower surface of the closed culvert bottom plate, or a suitable material or structure such as a waterproof plate, a coil, or a waterproof film with a non-wetting surface is raised upward at the waterproof material interface (the raised waterproof plate, coil, or waterproof film, etc. is processed by the structural strength of the material itself or is formed by disposing a support under the raised part) to form the closed culvert with the non-wetting interface, and continuous non-wetting surfaces are processed on both sides of the interface of the waterproof material and can be tightly attached to the non-wetting surface of the interface covering material bottom surface, and the waterproof material and the non-wetting surface of the sealing cover bottom surface are tightly attached, the leakage water flow is prevented from rapidly entering the connector of the waterproof material, the pressure relief pressure of the pressure relief channel is reduced, and the pressure relief effect is improved. Meanwhile, a flexible non-infiltration sheet or a non-infiltration block can be arranged between the non-infiltration plugging interfaces, so that the non-infiltration plugging interfaces can be well and closely attached, and the sealing effect of the interfaces is better. Meanwhile, a hydrophilic drainage strip [3] can be arranged in the non-wetting plugging interface to improve the drainage speed.
Furthermore, the pressure relief channel can be arranged in the interface of the two closely-attached non-infiltration surfaces at the interface of the waterproof material and is arranged close to the water inlet or the water inlet side, so that the closely-attached non-infiltration surfaces in front of the pressure relief channel prevent water from infiltrating, and the drainage pressure of the pressure relief channel is reduced.
Furthermore, more than two non-wetting strips or belts can be longitudinally arranged in parallel at intervals in the two closely-attached non-wetting surface interfaces at the waterproof material interface and are closely attached to the upper and lower non-wetting surfaces of the waterproof material, so that more than one independent cavity, dark culvert or roadway is formed between every two non-wetting strips or belts in the interfaces to form a pressure relief channel. The non-wetting strip or belt should have a certain thickness (preferably the compacted thickness is not less than 1 mm), so that the upper and lower waterproof materials can be fully separated to form a pressure relief channel. A hydrophilic drainage strip can also be arranged in the pressure relief channel.
Furthermore, in this embodiment, more than two pressure relief channels which are not in contact with each other or interfere with each other can be arranged at the interface to complete the task of pressure relief and drainage, so that the waterproof effect is better, the pressure relief channels can be arranged in parallel or in an overlapping manner, the two pressure relief channels are isolated by waterproof materials for pressure relief of the pure hydrophilic piece, and the pressure relief channels are overlapped with each other, namely the pressure relief channel at the back or above is completely wrapped or covers the pressure relief channel at the front or below, so that the waterproof effect is better.
Further, in this embodiment, when the waterproof area is smaller or the pressure relief channel and the drainage effect are better, only one waterproof area can be treated in the whole or local waterproof area, only one or two water outlets are provided, that is, the pressure relief channel in the same level around the whole waterproof area is only provided with one whole hydrophilic belt or drainage strips outside the water outlets are connected end to drain the leakage water flow, and only the pressure relief channel of the water outlet is directly or is wrapped by the waterproof layer and then extends into the drainage system. As shown in fig. 17, the second pressure relief channel 43 has only one water outlet, and at this time, the middle part of the pressure relief channel opposite to the water outlet can be cut off according to actual needs, that is, the pressure relief channel is made into an open loop; two water outlets can be arranged on the first pressure relief channel 35, so that the installation and construction are convenient.
Furthermore, in this embodiment, when the single-side or peripheral waterproof region greatly exceeds the effective or optimal drainage distance of the pressure release channel, the whole single-side or peripheral waterproof region can be divided into more than two mutually non-interfering effective waterproof regions or waterproof regions independent of each other to complete the waterproof tasks of the respective regions or regions, and a plurality of corresponding water outlets are provided, that is, the pressure release channel at the same level of the whole single-side or peripheral waterproof region is divided into mutually non-interfering sections, and the water outlets of the corresponding number are provided to automatically discharge the leakage water flow in the region, so that the pressure release channel always keeps effective, ideal or optimal drainage effect, and the waterproof effect is improved.
Further, in this embodiment, the effective independent waterproof area may be provided with only more than one water outlet and the rest of the middle portions are connected together, and as shown in fig. 16, the independent effective first pressure relief channel 35 is provided with only two water outlets, and the pressure relief channels in the non-wetted surface are connected into a whole, and of course, if necessary, more than one pressure relief channel with lengthened water outlets may be further added to contact or connect with the middle position of the independent effective first pressure relief channel 35, so as to improve the drainage effect; when the drainage effect of the pressure relief channel is better, as shown in fig. 13, only one water outlet can be arranged.
Further, in this embodiment, only one water outlet may be provided in the effective and independent waterproof area, the pressure relief channels of the two independent effective waterproof areas are separated, and the connection or contact of the pressure relief channels between the two waterproof areas is cut off, for example, the independent and effective second pressure relief channel 43 shown in fig. 16 is disconnected by the non-wetting strip 10 at the junction of the two waterproof areas, and one water outlet is provided to block the mutual wetting of the pressure relief channels of the two independent waterproof areas, thereby improving the waterproof effect.
In the embodiment, as shown in fig. 14 and 15, the water outlets of more than two effective independent waterproof areas can be arranged together, so that the construction difficulty is reduced, and the working efficiency is improved.
In this embodiment, the pressure relief passages of the respective independent waterproof regions may be isolated by directly spacing them at an appropriate distance (1mm or more) as shown in fig. 9; or the non-wetting strip 10 or the waterproof membrane can be used for separating the pressure relief channels of the two waterproof areas on the basis of direct separation of proper distance (more than 1 mm) or direct disconnection as shown in the figure 10; or can be separated in a mode of staggering a proper distance (more than 1 mm) after the pressure relief channels of the two waterproof areas are disconnected as shown in FIG. 11; or, as shown in fig. 12, the pressure release channels of the two waterproof regions are disconnected, staggered by a proper distance (more than 1 mm) and mutually staggered and stretched into the waterproof region of the other side by a proper distance (more than 1 mm), i.e., separated and overlapped separation modes are used to prevent the generation of waterproof blank regions between the waterproof regions, thereby improving the waterproof effect, and non-infiltration strips or waterproof membranes can be added between the two pressure release channels of the mutually staggered repeated regions to further separate the connection of the pressure release channels between the adjacent waterproof regions, so that the whole waterproof system has no waterproof blank regions or waterproof dead corners.
Further, the water outlet may be covered with a waterproof film 24 to prevent it from contacting with a waterproof material near the interface, so as to improve the waterproof effect.
Further, the waterproof material of the waterproof unit can also be flexible waterproof roll 42, and other suitable materials can be selected according to actual needs.
Furthermore, a fixing mounting hole can be arranged on the waterproof plate [1], a fixing seat or a fixing hole is arranged on the bearing plate or the bearing surface, the waterproof plate [1] is directly fixed in the fixing seat or the fixing hole (such as a nut and an expansion screw which are fixedly mounted) on the bearing plate or the bearing surface by a fastener (such as a screw and the like), at this time, the surface in the fixing mounting hole on the waterproof plate [1] is preferably set to be a non-wetting surface, the overlapping area of a fastening rod and the fixing mounting hole of the fastener is set to be the non-wetting surface, and the two non-wetting surfaces can be closely attached, or a non-wetting surface ring or a cylinder which can be closely attached to the fastening rod and the fixing mounting hole is arranged between the fastening rod and the fixing mounting hole on the non-wetting surface, so that the non-wetting surface in the mounting hole is closely attached to prevent water flow from immersing; or the upper surface of the fixed mounting hole of the waterproof board [1] is provided with a circle of non-wetting surface, the overlapping area of the fastening cover (such as a screw cover and the like) of the fastener and the upper surface of the fixed mounting hole is set into the non-wetting surface which can be tightly attached to the upper surface of the fixed mounting hole, or a non-wetting surface ring or a gasket which can be tightly attached to the fastening cover and the upper surface of the fixed mounting hole is arranged between the fastening cover of the non-wetting surface and the fixed mounting hole. The non-wetted surface ring or cylinder and non-wetted surface ring or gasket are preferably of a flexible material. Similarly, the fastener can also pass through the waterproof board [1] interface, or pass through the pressure relief channel, and the waterproof treatment of the fixing hole or the through hole is also finished.
Furthermore, the waterproof board [1] can also be replaced by a flexible waterproof material, a pressure relief channel is arranged in a non-wetting surface energy interface where the waterproof materials are mutually overlapped, non-wetting strips (which are flexible and the compaction thickness is not less than that of the pressure relief channel) are arranged on two sides of the pressure relief channel and are tightly attached to the non-wetting surface of the overlapped waterproof materials, and a fastening strip or a fastening block is arranged on the outer surface of the waterproof material interface to compact the interface, so that water flow cannot easily enter a space between the interfaces; or the fastening strip or the fastening block is provided with the non-wetting surface fastening hole, and then the fastening strip or the fastening block is fixed by the non-wetting surface fastener, the non-wetting surface ring or cylinder, the non-wetting surface ring or the gasket.
Further, the fastener holes and fasteners may also be waterproofed using other existing waterproof sealing techniques or suitable waterproofing techniques or materials.
Furthermore, corresponding surface energy treatment with a waterproof treatment function is also required to be carried out at the interface of the waterproof material and the wall.
In this embodiment, the pressure release channel preferably has a suitable gradient, so that the leakage water flow can be discharged in a free flowing manner under the non-pressure condition or can be discharged quickly under the drainage of the hydrophilic drainage strip, that is, the flow velocity of the water flow in the pressure release channel which is freely discharged under the non-pressure condition is preferably larger than that of the upper leakage water flow, and the leakage water flow is prevented from accumulating in the pressure release channel to generate pressure to influence the waterproof effect.
In the embodiment, a hard object with proper size can be longitudinally arranged or arranged in the hydrophilic drainage strip [3], a shell with better hardness can be wrapped outside the hydrophilic drainage strip [3], or the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] with better hardness and more hydrophilic pores or drainage channels is directly used, so that the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] cannot be compacted by a covering to influence the smoothness of the hydrophilic drainage channels, and the smoothness of the drainage channels of the hydrophilic drainage strip [3] is ensured.
In this embodiment, in order to improve the waterproof effect, besides the pressure relief waterproof system, two foundations or appropriate waterproof measures may be used for waterproof treatment, and a pressure relief channel is added at the joint of the pressure relief waterproof system, or pressure relief type waterproof is commonly used in front of the water inlets of the two foundations or appropriate waterproof measures, so that the waterproof effect is better.
In this embodiment, except for the waterproof structures and fittings of the hydrophilic drainage strips [3], the hidden culverts [6], and the like, which constitute the pressure relief channel, other waterproof methods are not limited to the waterproof method mentioned in this embodiment, and any other suitable waterproof methods can be applied to the waterproof method of the pressure relief channel.
In this embodiment, when the two closely attached non-wetting surfaces are horizontally disposed, the position of the water outlet at the interface is preferably not lower than the position of the water inlet, and the position of the water outlet higher than the position of the water inlet, so that the drainage effect of the pressure relief channel is better.
This embodiment can be used in all fields of suitable application other than building waterproofing.
In this embodiment, the waterproof film is preferably a non-wetting surface film material.
In this embodiment, the water inlet side or the water inlet is the side where water flows into the waterproof material interface, and the water outlet side or the water outlet is the side where water flows out from the waterproof material interface.
The non-wetting (flooding) surface in this embodiment includes a hydrophobic surface, a hydrophilic surface free from surface wetting, and a neutral surface free from surface wetting, but is preferably a non-wetting surface; the non-wetting (dipping) structure, substance, piece or strip includes a hydrophobic structure, substance, hydrophilic substance without surface wetting phenomenon and neutral substance without surface wetting phenomenon, but is preferably a non-wetting substance or structure.
The hydrophilic drainage surface in the embodiment is a hydrophilic surface with the functions of surface infiltration, adsorption and siphonage; the hydrophilic substance or the hydrophilic drainage strip or piece is a hydrophilic substance with the functions of surface infiltration, adsorption and siphonage.
The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a pressure release formula waterproof system, its characterized in that includes two piece at least waterproof material of splicing each other waterproof material's kneck sets up waterproof measure, waterproof measure is the structure or the material that carry out water repellent treatment to the interface waterproof material kneck sets up the pressure release passageway, the water inlet at waterproof material kneck is installed to the pressure release passageway for water conservancy diversion to the drainage system at infiltration waterproof material kneck.
2. The pressure relief waterproofing system according to claim 1 wherein the waterproofing material is a functional material or a prefabricated member having waterproofing properties of its own.
3. The pressure relief waterproofing system according to claim 2, wherein the waterproofing material is a non-wetted surface at least in the area where the waterproofing means is provided.
4. The pressure relief waterproofing system according to claim 1, wherein the waterproofing means is a structure or material capable of sealing the joint of the waterproofing material and having waterproofing performance.
5. The pressure relief waterproofing system according to claim 4 wherein the waterproofing means is a non-wetting member or material or substance that can be brought into close contact with the non-wetting surface of the waterproofing material.
6. The pressure relief type waterproofing system according to claim 1, wherein the pressure relief channel is a channel that allows leakage water at the waterproofing material interface to be freely discharged.
7. The pressure relief type waterproof system according to claim 6, wherein the pressure relief passage is an arc-shaped pipe, a U-shaped or V-shaped cover or a cover with downward opening, which allows the leakage water to be freely discharged, or a leakage pipe with a water hole at the bottom, or a leakage pipe with a flat bottom and water holes at the bottom and side, or a hydrophilic drainage strip covered with a waterproof membrane at the top, or a combination of a hydrophilic drainage strip installed in an arc-shaped pipe, a U-shaped or V-shaped cover or a cover with downward opening, a leakage pipe with water holes at the bottom, or a leakage pipe with a flat bottom and water holes at the bottom and side.
8. The pressure relief waterproofing system according to claim 1 wherein the surface of the waterproofing material interface or wider where it contacts the pressure relief channel is hydrophobic.
9. The pressure relief type waterproof system according to claim 1, wherein more than two pressure relief channels are arranged at the waterproof material interface and are not in contact with each other; or pressure relief channels are respectively arranged at the water inlets of the interfaces of the two waterproof structures or materials; or a pressure relief channel is arranged at the joint of the two waterproof structures or materials.
10. The pressure relief type waterproof system according to claim 1, wherein the pressure relief type waterproof system is an independent effective pressure relief type waterproof area with independent and non-interfering pressure relief channels to jointly perform the pressure relief type waterproof task.
CN202011043984.3A 2019-12-05 2020-09-28 Pressure release type waterproof system Pending CN112144767A (en)

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