CN112127792A - Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine - Google Patents

Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112127792A
CN112127792A CN202011201838.9A CN202011201838A CN112127792A CN 112127792 A CN112127792 A CN 112127792A CN 202011201838 A CN202011201838 A CN 202011201838A CN 112127792 A CN112127792 A CN 112127792A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic
hydraulic chuck
tower
oil cylinder
drilling machine
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202011201838.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
肖丕友
Original Assignee
肖丕友
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 肖丕友 filed Critical 肖丕友
Priority to CN202011201838.9A priority Critical patent/CN112127792A/en
Publication of CN112127792A publication Critical patent/CN112127792A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B19/00Handling rods, casings, tubes or the like outside the borehole, e.g. in the derrick; Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables
    • E21B19/08Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods
    • E21B19/086Apparatus for feeding the rods or cables; Apparatus for increasing or decreasing the pressure on the drilling tool; Apparatus for counterbalancing the weight of the rods with a fluid-actuated cylinder
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/02Drilling rigs characterized by means for land transport with their own drive, e.g. skid mounting or wheel mounting
    • E21B7/021With a rotary table, i.e. a fixed rotary drive for a relatively advancing tool

Abstract

The invention discloses a hydraulic chuck type long-stroke push-type drilling machine, which belongs to the field of drilling machines and is used for a drilling machine.A power machine of the drilling machine is respectively connected with a hydraulic oil pump and a gearbox, the hydraulic oil pump is respectively connected with a vertical tower oil cylinder, a hydraulic chuck and a push oil cylinder through a hydraulic pipeline and an operating platform, the bottom of the vertical tower oil cylinder is fixed on a drilling machine chassis, the telescopic end of the vertical tower oil cylinder is connected on a tower frame, and an auxiliary rod connected with the tower frame is also arranged on the drilling machine chassis; the output shaft of gearbox has the input of transfer case, and the output of transfer case is connected with hoist engine, vertical axle box respectively, and the vertical axle box is located the bottom of pylon and is connected with the hexagonal drilling rod, and the top of hexagonal drilling rod is connected with the hydraulic chuck, and the hydraulic chuck moves under propulsion cylinder's drive along the pylon track, and the pylon track is located the pylon, and propulsion cylinder is fixed in on the pylon. The invention has the advantages of reasonable structure, convenient operation, low manufacturing cost, high working efficiency and good reliability.

Description

Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the field of mechanical engineering equipment, and particularly relates to a hydraulic chuck type long-stroke push type drilling machine suitable for geological coring (sample) construction.
Background
Researching and finding out the geological and geographic environmental characteristics of the engineering construction site and the comprehensive application science related to the engineering construction. The engineering investigation provides basic data required by feasibility evaluation and construction through mapping, exploration, testing and comprehensive evaluation of elements such as terrain, geology, hydrology and the like for planning, designing, constructing, operating and comprehensively treating projects such as urban construction, industrial and civil buildings, railways, roads, offshore ports, power transmission and pipeline engineering, water conservancy and hydraulic buildings, mining and underground and the like. It is the primary link of the basic construction. The engineering investigation, especially the early-stage investigation, can be well carried out on the construction site, the reasonable proceeding of the engineering is ensured, and the engineering is promoted to obtain the best economic, social and environmental benefits.
The leading product of the geological exploration drilling machine in China at present is a mechanical vertical shaft type core drilling machine, which occupies more than 90% of market share, but the mechanical vertical shaft type core drilling machine has short feeding stroke, poor working stability and large workload of adopting an A-shaped tower or four-corner pedal skimming in practical application, and is difficult to meet the requirements of the current drilling market. The prior imported full-hydraulic core drilling machine has the defects of high price, large power consumption, low transmission efficiency, long auxiliary drilling time under the condition of drilling, high technical requirements on maintenance and repair, high spare part price, poor accident handling capability and the like, and is difficult to popularize and use in China in a large quantity.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a hydraulic chuck type long-stroke push type drilling machine which has the advantages of reasonable structure, convenience in operation, low manufacturing cost, high working efficiency and good reliability compared with the prior art.
The hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling type drilling machine comprises a telescopic drilling machine chassis, and a power machine, an operation platform, a gearbox, a winch, a transfer case, a vertical shaft box, a tower frame and an auxiliary rod which are fixed on the drilling machine chassis, wherein the power machine is respectively connected with a hydraulic oil pump and the gearbox, and the hydraulic oil pump is respectively connected with a vertical tower oil cylinder, a hydraulic chuck and a propelling oil cylinder through a hydraulic pipeline and the operation platform; the bottom of the vertical tower oil cylinder is fixed on a drilling machine chassis, the telescopic end of the vertical tower oil cylinder is connected to a tower frame, and an auxiliary rod connected with the tower frame is further arranged on the drilling machine chassis; the output shaft of the gearbox is connected with the input end of the transfer case, the two output ends of the transfer case are respectively connected with the winch and the vertical axle box, the vertical axle box is located at the bottom of the tower and connected with the driving drill rod, the top end of the driving drill rod is connected with the hydraulic chuck, the hydraulic chuck moves under the driving of the propulsion oil cylinder along the tower track, the tower track is located on the tower, the hydraulic chuck is located at the telescopic end of the propulsion oil cylinder, and the propulsion oil cylinder is fixed on the tower.
Further, a chain is connected to the telescopic end of the propulsion oil cylinder, and the chain drives the hydraulic chuck to move along the tower rail through gear teeth on the tower.
Further, the output axis of the vertical axle box is collinear with the rotation center of the hydraulic chuck.
Furthermore, the hydraulic chuck is positioned on the sliding plate base, and the sliding plate base is connected with the chain and moves along the tower track under the driving of the chain.
Furthermore, the bottom of the drilling machine chassis is provided with a hydraulic motor driven type crawler chassis, and the crawler chassis is controlled in a mode of manually controlling a hydraulic control rod or remotely and wirelessly controlling.
Further, the propulsion oil cylinder is a two-stage telescopic oil cylinder, and the stroke of the propulsion oil cylinder is 3.5 meters.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
the invention really realizes the integration of the drilling machine tower, the long-stroke feeding and the convenient, safe and quick moving, has ingenious and reasonable structure, convenient operation, low manufacturing cost, small energy consumption and power, high transmission efficiency, easy maintenance and repair, short auxiliary time for drilling under the condition of being lifted and strong accident handling capacity, avoids various defects of the traditional core drilling machine, simultaneously integrates and maintains a plurality of advantages of the traditional drilling machine equipment, and is suitable for the requirements of the current drilling machine market on various aspects of functions, price, reliability and the like of the drilling machine. Due to the arrangement of the integral structure, the transmission mechanism can be integrally moved with the assembly where the tower is located, and the problem of complex operation in the original moving process is solved.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a vertical shaft box; 2. a transfer case; 3. a winch; 4. a gearbox; 5. an operation table; 6. a power machine; 7. a drill chassis; 8. a tower; 9. a tower rail; 10. a chain; 11. driving a drill rod; 12. a propulsion cylinder; 13. a hydraulic chuck; 14. a skateboard base; 15. a crawler chassis; 16. a tower lifting oil cylinder; 17. a hydraulic oil pump; 18. and an auxiliary rod.
Detailed Description
The present invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings and the detailed description, it should be noted that the following paragraphs may refer to terms of orientation, including but not limited to "upper, lower, left, right, front, rear" and the like, which are based on the corresponding visual orientations shown in the drawings of the specification, and should not be construed as limiting the scope of the present invention, which is for the purpose of facilitating better understanding of the technical solutions described in the specification by those skilled in the art.
In the description of the following paragraphs, unless explicitly stated or limited otherwise, the terms "mounted," "connected," and the like are to be construed broadly and include, for example, fixed connections, removable connections, or integral connections; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meaning of the above terms in the present invention can be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art according to the specific circumstances in combination with common general knowledge in the art, design specifications, standard documents, and the like.
Example 1
A hydraulic chuck type long-stroke push-type drilling machine comprises a telescopic drilling machine chassis 7, a power machine 6, an operation platform 5, a gearbox 4, a winch 3, a transfer case 2, a vertical shaft box 1, a tower 8 and an auxiliary rod 18, wherein the power machine 6, the operation platform 5, the gearbox 4, the winch 3, the transfer case 2, the tower 8 and the auxiliary rod are fixed on the drilling machine chassis 7; the bottom of the vertical tower oil cylinder 16 is fixed on the drilling machine chassis 7, the telescopic end of the vertical tower oil cylinder 16 is connected to the tower 8, and an auxiliary rod 18 connected with the tower 8 is further arranged on the drilling machine chassis 7; the output shaft of gearbox 4 is connected with the input of transfer case 2, and the two way output of transfer case 2 are connected with hoist engine 3, upright axle box 1 respectively, and wherein upright axle box 1 is located the bottom of pylon 8 and is connected with initiative drilling rod 11, and the top of initiative drilling rod 11 is connected with hydraulic chuck 13, and hydraulic chuck 13 moves under the drive of thrust cylinder 12 along pylon track 9, pylon track 9 is located pylon 8, and hydraulic chuck 13 is located the flexible end of thrust cylinder 12, and thrust cylinder 12 is fixed in on pylon 8.
Example 2
A hydraulic chuck type long-stroke push type drilling machine is disclosed, wherein the output axis of a vertical shaft box 1 is collinear with the rotation center of a hydraulic chuck 13; the hydraulic chuck 13 is positioned on a sliding plate base 14, and the sliding plate base 14 is connected with the chain 10 and moves along the tower track 9 under the driving of the chain 10; the bottom of the drilling machine chassis 7 is provided with a hydraulic motor driven type crawler chassis 15, and the control mode of the crawler chassis 15 is manual control of a hydraulic control rod or remote wireless remote control; the propulsion oil cylinder 12 is a two-stage telescopic oil cylinder, and the stroke of the propulsion oil cylinder 12 is 3.5 meters. The structure and connection relationship of the rest parts are the same as those described in any of the foregoing embodiments, and are not described herein again to avoid the tedious text.
On the basis of the above-mentioned embodiments, the following paragraphs are used to continue detailed description of the technical features involved therein and the functions and actions of the technical features in the technical solutions, so as to help those skilled in the art fully understand the technical solutions and reproduce the technical solutions.
As shown in fig. 1, a drilling machine chassis 7 described in the present invention is a telescopic chassis structure used in a conventional drilling machine, and a power machine 6, an operation platform 5, a transmission case 4, a winch 3, a transfer case 2, a vertical axle box 1, and a tower frame 8 can be respectively and fixedly installed on the telescopic chassis structure, wherein the power machine 6 provides power for the whole drilling machine and transmits the power to a hydraulic oil pump 17 and the transmission case 4, wherein the hydraulic oil pump 17 provides power for at least a thrust cylinder 12, a hydraulic chuck 13, and a tower-raising cylinder 16 in the whole drilling machine, and the connection between the hydraulic oil pump 17 and the above-mentioned execution components needs to be controlled by a hydraulic pipeline and a control element of the operation platform 5, so as to implement independent actions among the above.
In the invention, the output shaft of the power machine 6 also outputs power to the gearbox 4, the gearbox 4 can transmit the power of the power machine 6 to the transfer case 2, the transfer case 2 is provided with two output ends, the two output ends are respectively connected with the winch 3 and the vertical axle box 1, and the winch 3 is used for driving a steel wire rope to realize the function of quickly lifting and unloading the driving drill rod 11 through the head sheave at the top end of the tower 8. The other output end of the transfer case 2 is connected with a vertical shaft box 1, and the vertical shaft box 1 is positioned at the lower part of the drilling tower 8 and can drive the rotation of the drive drill rod 11.
In the invention, the operating platform 5 is used for integrating all operating handles controlled by the drilling machine, and the operating platform 5 can be arranged in front of the whole machine on the side surface of the drilling tower, so that the use of operators is facilitated.
In the invention, the tower 8 is provided with a sliding plate base 14 through a tower rail 9, a hydraulic chuck 13 is fixed on the sliding plate base 14, and the hydraulic chuck 13 is positioned at the upper part of the driving drill rod 11 and can clamp the driving drill rod 11 to perform continuous and long-stroke feeding drilling operation downwards along the tower rail 9 under the driving of a propelling oil cylinder 12 or the propelling oil cylinder 12 and a chain 10.
In the invention, when the drilling machine reaches a construction hole site, the tower lifting oil cylinder 16 lifts the tower 8, the bottom of the tower 8 is fixed on the drilling machine chassis 7 by bolts, and the tower is supported and fixed by the auxiliary rod 18. At this time, the hydraulic chuck 13 holds the initiative drill rod 11 and moves downwards, and after the initiative drill rod 11 passes through the vertical axle box 1, normal drilling operation can be realized under the driving of the vertical axle box 1.
In the invention, when the drilling tool needs to be lifted or lowered, the whole drilling machine and the tower frame can integrally move, and the head sheave can be aligned to the wellhead position at the bottom, so that the drilling tool is convenient to replace.
In the invention, the drilling machine chassis 7 is fixed on the crawler chassis 15, the crawler chassis 15 is driven by a hydraulic motor, and can walk in a mode of manually operating a control rod or remotely and wirelessly controlling. When in actual use, when the remote wireless remote control is adopted for moving, loading and unloading vehicles, the safety of operators and surrounding personnel is fully ensured.
Finally, although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment contains only a single technical solution, and such description of the present description is for clarity reasons only, and those skilled in the art should make the description as a whole, and the technical solutions in the embodiments can be appropriately combined to form other embodiments that can be understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. The utility model provides a long stroke impulse type rig of hydraulic chuck formula, includes retractable's rig chassis (7) and is fixed in engine (6), operation panel (5), gearbox (4), hoist engine (3), transfer case (2), upright axle box (1), pylon (8), auxiliary rod (18) on rig chassis (7), its characterized in that: the power machine (6) is respectively connected with a hydraulic oil pump (17) and a gearbox (4), and the hydraulic oil pump (17) is respectively connected with a vertical tower oil cylinder (16), a hydraulic chuck (13) and a propulsion oil cylinder (12) through a hydraulic pipeline and an operating platform (5); the bottom of the vertical tower oil cylinder (16) is fixed on a drilling machine chassis (7), the telescopic end of the vertical tower oil cylinder (16) is connected to a tower (8), and an auxiliary rod (18) connected with the tower (8) is further arranged on the drilling machine chassis (7); the output shaft of gearbox (4) is connected with the input of transfer case (2), and the two way output of transfer case (2) are connected with hoist engine (3), vertical axle box (1) respectively, and wherein vertical axle box (1) are located the bottom of pylon (8) and are connected with initiative drilling rod (11), and the top of initiative drilling rod (11) is connected with hydraulic chuck (13), and hydraulic chuck (13) are followed pylon track (9) and are moved under the drive of thrust cylinder (12), pylon track (9) are located pylon (8), and hydraulic chuck (13) are located the flexible end of thrust cylinder (12), and thrust cylinder (12) are fixed in on pylon (8).
2. The hydraulic chuck-type long stroke pusher drill of claim 1, wherein: the telescopic end of the propulsion oil cylinder (12) is connected with a chain (10), and the chain (10) drives the hydraulic chuck (13) to move along the tower rail (9) through gear teeth on the tower (8).
3. The hydraulic chuck-type long stroke pusher drill of claim 1, wherein: the output axis of the vertical shaft box (1) is collinear with the rotation center of the hydraulic chuck (13).
4. The hydraulic chuck-type long stroke pusher drill of claim 1, wherein: the hydraulic chuck (13) is positioned on the sliding plate base (14), and the sliding plate base (14) is connected with the chain (10) and moves along the tower track (9) under the driving of the chain (10).
5. The hydraulic chuck-type long stroke pusher drill of claim 1, wherein: the bottom of the drilling machine chassis (7) is provided with a hydraulic motor driven type crawler chassis (15), and the control mode of the crawler chassis (15) is a manual control hydraulic control rod or remote wireless remote control.
6. The hydraulic chuck-type long stroke pusher drill of claim 1, wherein: the propulsion oil cylinder (12) is a two-stage telescopic oil cylinder, and the stroke of the propulsion oil cylinder (12) is 3.5 meters.
CN202011201838.9A 2020-11-02 2020-11-02 Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine Pending CN112127792A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011201838.9A CN112127792A (en) 2020-11-02 2020-11-02 Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011201838.9A CN112127792A (en) 2020-11-02 2020-11-02 Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112127792A true CN112127792A (en) 2020-12-25

Family

ID=73851988

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011201838.9A Pending CN112127792A (en) 2020-11-02 2020-11-02 Hydraulic chuck type long-stroke propelling drilling machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112127792A (en)

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