CN112120246A - Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing - Google Patents

Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112120246A
CN112120246A CN202011139224.2A CN202011139224A CN112120246A CN 112120246 A CN112120246 A CN 112120246A CN 202011139224 A CN202011139224 A CN 202011139224A CN 112120246 A CN112120246 A CN 112120246A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
peanut
fixed mounting
cover
peanuts
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN202011139224.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
胡莉莉
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Individual
Original Assignee
Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Individual filed Critical Individual
Priority to CN202011139224.2A priority Critical patent/CN112120246A/en
Publication of CN112120246A publication Critical patent/CN112120246A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching

Abstract

The invention discloses a peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products, and relates to the technical field of agriculture; in order to solve the problems that the outer surface of peanuts has a plurality of grains, the cleaning cleanliness cannot be well guaranteed in the traditional cleaning mode, and the processing efficiency is influenced; the frame specifically includes box structure, the top fixed mounting of frame has the barrel, and the top fixed mounting of barrel has the end cover, and the row's material groove has all been seted up to the both sides of barrel, the side fixed mounting of end cover has the feeder hopper. According to the peanut cleaning device, the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the driving motor, the inner cleaning cover rotates in the middle of the cleaning groove, peanuts are kneaded in the rotating process, the spraying mechanism is installed above the inner cleaning cover and is matched with the inner cleaning cover to spray water into the peanuts, the peanuts are cleaned and processed by kneading of the matching device, meanwhile, the peanuts are blocked by gaps in the cleaning groove when falling, and slowly descend in the rotating process, so that continuous cleaning work of the peanuts is realized.

Description

Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of agriculture, in particular to a peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products.
Background
The peanuts are the annual herbaceous plants of Arachis hypogaea of Leguminosae, are native to Brazil and Peru in America, and have been introduced into China for over 400 years of cultivation history so far, and the vitamin K in the peanuts has the hemostatic effect. The peanut skin has 50 times higher hemostatic effect than peanut, and has good hemostatic effect on various hemorrhagic diseases. The microelement selenium in the peanut and the other bioactive substance, i.e. the quinoa mango alcohol, can prevent and treat tumor diseases and also can be a chemical prophylactic agent for preventing and treating atherosclerosis, cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases by reducing platelet aggregation notarization organs. The peanut also has the functions of strengthening body resistance and tonifying deficiency, nourishing spleen and stomach, moistening lung and reducing phlegm, nourishing and regulating qi, inducing diuresis to alleviate edema, stopping bleeding and generating milk, clearing heat from throat and stopping malaria.
When agricultural production, impurity such as apparent earth of peanut need be clear away, and wherein abluent mode is for cleaing away the main means of earth, places the peanut and washs in rotatable jar internal portion, but the peanut outward appearance has many lines, and the cleanliness factor is washd to the unable fine assurance of traditional cleaning means, influences machining efficiency.
Disclosure of Invention
Based on the technical problems in the background art, the invention provides a peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products.
The invention provides a peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products, which comprises a frame with a box structure, wherein a cylinder body is fixedly arranged at the top end of the frame, an end cover is fixedly arranged at the top end of the cylinder body, discharge grooves are formed in two sides of the cylinder body, a feed hopper is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the end cover, a deslagging pipe is fixedly arranged on the side surface of the frame, a support frame is fixedly arranged in the frame, the top of the support frame is fixedly connected with the cylinder body, a driving motor is fixedly arranged in the support frame, a rotating shaft is fixedly arranged on an output shaft of the driving motor, the top end of the rotating shaft is rotatably connected with the end cover through a bearing, two filter screen plates distributed in a V-shaped structure are fixedly arranged in the frame, a discharge pipe is fixedly arranged between the bottoms of the two filter screen plates, and a, the inner wall fixed mounting of barrel has outer washing cover, and the inside of outer washing cover is provided with the washing tank portion of oval structure, wash the cover in the outside fixed mounting of axis of rotation, and the outside of interior washing cover extends to the inside of washing tank portion.
Preferably, the spraying mechanism comprises a spraying pipe and a water inlet valve, and a plurality of spraying holes are formed in the bottom of the spraying pipe.
Preferably, the top of the support frame is provided with a mounting table with a circular truncated cone-shaped structure, and the driving motor is mounted inside the mounting table.
Preferably, the outer cleaning cover and the inner cleaning cover are made of elastic materials, two annularly distributed cavity parts are arranged in the outer cleaning cover, and a secondary cavity part is arranged in the middle of the inner cleaning cover.
Preferably, the inner wall of the cleaning groove part and the outer wall of the inner cleaning cover are both provided with a plurality of rows of silica gel bristles, and the silica gel bristles distributed inside and outside are arranged in a staggered mode.
Preferably, the bottom of the outer cleaning cover is provided with a plurality of notch parts distributed in an annular array, and the top ends of the notch parts extend into the cleaning groove part.
Preferably, a buffer tank communicated with the cavity is fixedly mounted on the side face of the barrel, an air pump is fixedly mounted on the other side of the rack, and a pressure compensating valve is mounted between the buffer tank and the air pump through a pipeline.
Preferably, the top end of the outer side of the rotating shaft is fixedly provided with a ring sleeve through a ratchet wheel, the outer side of the ring sleeve is fixedly provided with a plurality of shifting rods, and the bottom end of each shifting rod is fixedly provided with a plurality of elastic scraping blades.
According to the peanut cleaning device, the rotating shaft is driven to rotate by the driving motor, the inner cleaning cover rotates in the middle of the cleaning groove, peanuts are kneaded in the rotating process, the spraying mechanism is installed above the inner cleaning cover in a matched mode to spray water into the peanuts, the cleaning processing of the peanuts is completed by kneading of the matching device, meanwhile, the peanuts are blocked by gaps in the cleaning groove when falling down and slowly fall down in the rotating process, the continuous cleaning work of the peanuts is achieved, the peanut cleaning efficiency is improved, and the peanut product processing cost is reduced;
the outer cleaning cover and the inner cleaning cover are made of elastic materials, so that the shell is prevented from being broken when the peanuts are kneaded, the deformation can be caused when the peanuts are stressed, the kneading and cleaning efficiency of soil on the surface of the peanuts is further improved, and through the arrangement of the silica gel bristles, when the peanuts are kneaded and cleaned, the silica gel bristles can effectively scrub soil inside grooves on the surface of the peanuts, so that the cleaning efficiency of the device on the surface of the peanuts is further improved;
when the device is wasing the peanut, can control the clearance between outer washing cover and the interior washing cover through the inside punching press of air pump to cavity portion, and then adjust to the variety and the size of peanut, increase the application scope of device, and reduce the cost of peanut processing.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an apparatus for cleaning peanuts for processing agricultural products according to the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of a part of a peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products according to the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic top view of an apparatus for cleaning peanuts for processing agricultural products according to the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic cross-sectional view of an outer cleaning cover of the peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products according to the present invention;
fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a deflector rod of the peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products, which is provided by the invention.
In the figure: the device comprises a machine frame 1, a slag discharge pipe 2, a material discharge groove 3, a cylinder 4, a cleaning groove part 5, an outer cleaning cover 6, a cavity part 7, a ring sleeve 8, a spraying mechanism 9, a feeding hopper 10, an end cover 11, a deflector rod 12, an elastic scraper 13, silica gel bristles 14, an inner cleaning cover 15, a rotating shaft 16, a buffer tank 17, a pressure supplementing valve 18, an air pump 19, a support frame 20, a driving motor 21, a material discharge pipe 22, a filter screen plate 23 and a groove part 24.
Detailed Description
Reference will now be made in detail to embodiments of the present patent, examples of which are illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein like or similar reference numerals refer to the same or similar elements or elements having the same or similar function throughout. The embodiments described below with reference to the drawings are exemplary only for the purpose of explaining the present patent and are not to be construed as limiting the present patent.
In the description of this patent, it is to be understood that the terms "center," "upper," "lower," "front," "rear," "left," "right," "vertical," "horizontal," "top," "bottom," "inner," "outer," and the like are used in the orientations and positional relationships indicated in the drawings for the convenience of describing the patent and for the simplicity of description, and are not intended to indicate or imply that the referenced devices or elements must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and are not to be considered limiting of the patent.
In the description of this patent, it is noted that unless otherwise specifically stated or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "disposed" are to be construed broadly and can include, for example, fixedly connected, disposed, detachably connected, disposed, or integrally connected and disposed. The specific meaning of the above terms in this patent may be understood by those of ordinary skill in the art as appropriate.
Example 1
Referring to fig. 1-4, a peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products, comprising a frame 1 with a box structure, wherein a cylinder 4 is fixedly installed at the top end of the frame 1, an end cover 11 is fixedly installed at the top end of the cylinder 4, discharge grooves 3 are respectively formed at two sides of the cylinder 4, a feed hopper 10 is fixedly installed at the side surface of the end cover 11, a deslagging pipe 2 is fixedly installed at the side surface of the frame 1, a support frame 20 is fixedly installed inside the frame 1, the top of the support frame 20 is stably connected with the cylinder 4, a driving motor 21 is fixedly installed inside the support frame 20, a rotating shaft 16 is fixedly installed at an output shaft of the driving motor 21, the top end of the rotating shaft 16 is rotatably connected with the end cover 11 through a bearing, two filter screen plates 23 distributed in a V-shaped structure are fixedly installed inside the frame 1, a discharge pipe 22 is fixedly installed between the bottoms of the two filter screen, an outer cleaning cover 6 is fixedly arranged on the inner wall of the cylinder 4, a cleaning groove part 5 with an oval structure is arranged in the outer cleaning cover 6, an inner cleaning cover 15 is fixedly arranged on the outer side of the rotating shaft 16, the outer side of the inner cleaning cover 15 extends to the interior of the cleaning groove part 5, peanuts are added into the device from the feed hopper 10, the rotating shaft 16 is driven to rotate by the driving motor 21, and the inner cleaning cover 15 rotates in the middle of the cleaning groove part 5, the peanuts are kneaded in the rotating process, the spraying mechanism 9 is arranged above the inner cleaning cover to spray water into the peanuts, the peanuts are cleaned and processed by the kneading of the matching device, meanwhile, the peanuts are blocked by the gap of the cleaning groove part 5 when falling, slowly descends in the rotating process, continuous cleaning work of peanuts is realized, the cleaning efficiency of the peanuts is improved, and the processing cost of the peanut products is reduced.
In the invention, the spraying mechanism 9 comprises a spraying pipe and a water inlet valve, a plurality of spraying holes are formed in the bottom of the spraying pipe, when the device is used, a water pipe is connected into the water inlet valve, the spraying pipe and the spraying holes are used for spraying water to the inside of the device, and water flows into peanuts through the inclined plane above the outer cleaning cover 6 to scrub soil, so that the cleaning efficiency is improved.
The top of support frame 20 is provided with the mount table of round platform column structure, and driving motor 21 installs inside the mount table, and when the device washd the peanut, muddy water and peanut can be followed the top of mount table and spread all around to, and then fall into filter plate 23 surfaces and carry out the waterlogging caused by excessive rainfall operation, and the peanut falls into row material pipe 22 inside and discharges, the jam that probably appears when avoiding the peanut unloading.
The outer washing cover 6 and the inner washing cover 15 are made of elastic materials, the inner part of the outer washing cover 6 is provided with two cavity parts 7 distributed in an annular mode, the middle part of the inner washing cover 15 is provided with an auxiliary cavity part, the outer washing cover 6 and the inner washing cover 15 are made of elastic materials, when the outer washing cover is used for kneading peanuts, the shell is prevented from being broken, deformation can occur when the stress is applied, and the kneading and washing efficiency of the peanut skin soil is further improved.
Wash the inner wall of slot part 5 and the outer wall of interior washing cover 15 and all be provided with multiseriate silica gel brush hair 14, and crisscross row material between the silica gel brush hair 14 of inside and outside distribution, through the setting of silica gel brush hair 14, when the peanut received to rub the washing, silica gel brush hair 14 can effectively scrub the inside earth of recess line on peanut fruit surface, further improves the cleaning efficiency of device to peanut fruit surface.
The bottom of outer washing cover 6 is provided with the groove portion 24 that opens of a plurality of annular array distributions, and the top of opening groove portion 24 extends to the inside of wasing groove portion 5, and the device is when wasing the peanut, and the groove portion 24 that opens that the bottom set up improves the speed of peanut whereabouts, and interior washing cover 15 can drive the peanut when rotatory and rotate the unloading, further reduces the phenomenon emergence that the peanut unloading blockked up, improves the cleaning efficiency.
The side fixed mounting of barrel 4 has the buffer tank 17 that is linked together with cavity portion 7, and the opposite side fixed mounting of frame 1 has air pump 19, there is pressure compensating valve 18 through the pipe installation between buffer tank 17 and the air pump 19, the device is when wasing the peanut, can be through the inside punching press of air pump 19 to cavity portion 7, control clearance between outer washing cover 6 and the interior washing cover 15, and then adjust to the variety and the size of peanut, increase the application scope of device, and reduce the cost of peanut processing.
This embodiment is when using, add into the device with the peanut inside from feeder hopper 10, it is rotatory to drive axis of rotation 16 through driving motor 21, and then interior washing cover 15 is rotatory in the middle of rinsing slot part 5, rotatory in-process is kneaded the peanut, the mechanism 9 that sprays is installed to the cooperation top, spray water in to the peanut, the washing processing to the peanut is accomplished in cooperation device's kneading, and simultaneously, the peanut can receive to rinse 5 clearances in the slot part when the whereabouts and block, slowly descend at the rotation in-process, realize the continuation cleaning work of peanut, improve the abluent efficiency of peanut, reduce the cost of peanut product processing.
Example 2
Referring to fig. 1-5, in this embodiment, compared to embodiment 1, a ring 8 is fixedly installed on the top end of the outer side of a rotating shaft 16 through a ratchet wheel, a plurality of shift levers 12 are fixedly installed on the outer side of the ring 8, and a plurality of elastic scrapers 13 are fixedly installed on the bottom ends of the shift levers 12.
This embodiment is when using, the device is when using axis of rotation 16 drives driving lever 12 and rotates, and then the peanut that will add is shared, make the peanut distribute evenly and improve the cleaning efficiency, and driving motor 21 can avoid the peanut to block up in the device is inside through just reversing, avoid driving lever 12 to rotate through the setting of ratchet in the reversal process, avoid clear stifled in-process to cause the damage to driving lever 12, and avoid causing the damage to the peanut shell, and simultaneously, elastic doctor blade 13 can be with the downward propelling movement of peanut when rotating, improve feeding efficiency.
The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be able to cover the technical scope of the present invention and the equivalent alternatives or modifications according to the technical solution and the inventive concept of the present invention within the technical scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The utility model provides a peanut belt cleaning device for agricultural product processing, includes frame (1) of box structure, the top fixed mounting of frame (1) has barrel (4), and the top fixed mounting of barrel (4) has end cover (11), and row material groove (3) have all been seted up to the both sides of barrel (4), the side fixed mounting of end cover (11) has feeder hopper (10), the side fixed mounting of frame (1) has scum pipe (2), its characterized in that, the inside fixed mounting of frame (1) has support frame (20), and the top of support frame (20) is connected with barrel (4) are firm, the inside fixed mounting of support frame (20) has driving motor (21), and the output shaft fixed mounting of driving motor (21) has axis of rotation (16), and the top of axis of rotation (16) is passed through the bearing and is rotated with end cover (11) and is connected, the inside fixed mounting of frame (1) has two filter screen board (23) that V type structure distributes, and fixed mounting has row material pipe (22) between the bottom of two filter plate (23), the equal fixed mounting in top both sides of end cover (11) has spraying mechanism (9), the inner wall fixed mounting of barrel (4) has outer cleaning cover (6), and the inside of outer cleaning cover (6) is provided with washing tank portion (5) of oval structure, the outside fixed mounting of axis of rotation (16) has interior cleaning cover (15), and the outside of interior cleaning cover (15) extends to the inside of washing tank portion (5).
2. A peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products as claimed in claim 1, wherein said spraying mechanism (9) comprises a spray pipe and a water inlet valve, and a plurality of spray holes are provided at the bottom of the spray pipe.
3. A peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products according to claim 1, wherein a mounting table of a circular truncated cone structure is provided on the top of the supporting frame (20), and the driving motor (21) is mounted inside the mounting table.
4. A peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products according to claim 1, wherein the outer cleaning cover (6) and the inner cleaning cover (15) are both made of elastic materials, two annularly distributed cavity parts (7) are arranged inside the outer cleaning cover (6), and a secondary cavity part is arranged in the middle of the inner cleaning cover (15).
5. A peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing according to claim 4, characterized in that the inner wall of the cleaning tank part (5) and the outer wall of the inner cleaning cover (15) are provided with a plurality of rows of silica gel bristles (14), and the silica gel bristles (14) distributed inside and outside are arranged in a staggered manner.
6. A peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products according to claim 4, wherein the bottom of the outer cleaning cover (6) is provided with a plurality of groove parts (24) distributed in an annular array, and the top ends of the groove parts (24) extend to the inside of the cleaning groove part (5).
7. A peanut cleaning device for processing agricultural products according to claim 4, wherein a buffer tank (17) communicated with the cavity (7) is fixedly installed on the side surface of the cylinder (4), an air pump (19) is fixedly installed on the other side of the rack (1), and a pressure compensating valve (18) is installed between the buffer tank (17) and the air pump (19) through a pipeline.
8. A peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing according to claim 1, wherein a ring (8) is fixedly installed on the top of the outer side of the rotating shaft (16) through a ratchet wheel, a plurality of driving levers (12) are fixedly installed on the outer side of the ring (8), and a plurality of elastic scrapers (13) are fixedly installed on the bottom ends of the driving levers (12).
CN202011139224.2A 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing Withdrawn CN112120246A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011139224.2A CN112120246A (en) 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011139224.2A CN112120246A (en) 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112120246A true CN112120246A (en) 2020-12-25

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ID=73854249

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011139224.2A Withdrawn CN112120246A (en) 2020-10-22 2020-10-22 Peanut cleaning device for agricultural product processing

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112120246A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112772950A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-05-11 樊耀选 A processingequipment for agricultural peanut

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112772950A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-05-11 樊耀选 A processingequipment for agricultural peanut

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Application publication date: 20201225