CN112113352A - Solar water heater - Google Patents

Solar water heater Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112113352A
CN112113352A CN202011006616.1A CN202011006616A CN112113352A CN 112113352 A CN112113352 A CN 112113352A CN 202011006616 A CN202011006616 A CN 202011006616A CN 112113352 A CN112113352 A CN 112113352A
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China
Prior art keywords
fixedly connected
follow
solar
water heater
cleaning
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CN202011006616.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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徐硕
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN202011006616.1A priority Critical patent/CN112113352A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S10/00Solar heat collectors using working fluids
    • F24S10/40Solar heat collectors using working fluids in absorbing elements surrounded by transparent enclosures, e.g. evacuated solar collectors
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S30/00Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules
    • F24S30/40Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement
    • F24S30/42Arrangements for moving or orienting solar heat collector modules for rotary movement with only one rotation axis
    • F24S30/425Horizontal axis
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/10Protective covers or shrouds; Closure members, e.g. lids
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S40/00Safety or protection arrangements of solar heat collectors; Preventing malfunction of solar heat collectors
    • F24S40/20Cleaning; Removing snow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24SSOLAR HEAT COLLECTORS; SOLAR HEAT SYSTEMS
    • F24S50/00Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors
    • F24S50/20Arrangements for controlling solar heat collectors for tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Sustainable Development (AREA)
  • Sustainable Energy (AREA)
  • Thermal Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Combustion & Propulsion (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Photovoltaic Devices (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of solar water heaters, in particular to a solar water heater which can automatically clean the surface of a vacuum heat collecting pipe. Including tiling heat absorption mechanism, follow-up rotary mechanism, automatic deashing mechanism, laminating bearing mechanism, press from both sides tight protection machanism and slope fine-tuning, it rotates to drive two drive lead screws respectively through two walking motors, make two drive lead screws drive two walking gantries respectively and remove, drive two clean cylinders and two cleaning brush removal, two clean cylinders drive two cleaning brush and descend the laminating on a plurality of solar vacuum tubes at both ends about the water storage bucket simultaneously, come under dust and the impurity clearance of a plurality of solar vacuum tube surface covering, avoid dust and impurity influence evacuated collector tube's conversion solar energy ability, avoid causing solar water heater heating effect slow, the condition such as heating efficiency is undermining.

Description

Solar water heater
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of solar water heaters, in particular to a solar water heater.
Background
The solar water heater is a heating device for converting solar energy into heat energy, and heats water from low temperature to high temperature so as to meet the requirement of hot water in life and production of people. The solar water heater is divided into a vacuum tube type solar water heater and a flat plate type solar water heater according to the structural form, mainly uses the vacuum tube type solar water heater as a main part, and occupies 95 percent of domestic market share. The vacuum tube type domestic solar water heater is composed of heat collecting tubes, a water storage tank, a support and other related parts, solar energy is converted into heat energy mainly by the vacuum heat collecting tubes, the vacuum heat collecting tubes utilize the principle that hot water floats upwards and cold water sinks, water is enabled to generate microcirculation to obtain needed hot water, but the solar water heater is located outdoors for the whole life, and dust can cover the vacuum heat collecting tubes easily when the solar water heater is subjected to the conditions of strong wind, sand dust or air turbidity, so that the capacity of the vacuum heat collecting tubes for converting the solar energy is greatly reduced, the heating effect of the solar water heater is easy to slow, the heating efficiency is low and the like.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides a solar water heater, which has the beneficial effect that the solar water heater can automatically clean the surface of a vacuum heat collecting pipe.
The invention relates to the technical field of solar water heaters, in particular to a solar water heater which comprises a tiled heat absorption mechanism, a follow-up rotating mechanism, an automatic ash cleaning mechanism, a laminating bearing mechanism, a clamping protection mechanism and an inclined fine adjustment mechanism, wherein the follow-up rotating mechanism is fixedly connected to the inclined fine adjustment mechanism, the clamping protection mechanism is connected to the bottom end of the follow-up rotating mechanism, the inclined fine adjustment mechanism and the clamping protection mechanism are in meshing transmission, the two automatic ash cleaning mechanisms are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the follow-up rotating mechanism, the two laminating bearing mechanisms are both in sliding connection with the follow-up rotating mechanism and are in threaded transmission with the clamping protection mechanism, and the tiled heat absorption mechanism is detachably connected to the follow-up rotating mechanism.
According to the technical scheme, the tiled heat absorption mechanism of the solar water heater comprises a disassembly base, a water storage barrel, an openable barrel cover, solar vacuum tubes, a water inlet interface and a water outlet interface, wherein the water storage barrel is fixedly connected to the disassembly base, the openable barrel cover is rotatably connected to the front end and the rear end of the water storage barrel, the solar vacuum tubes are connected to the left end and the right end of the water storage barrel, and the water inlet interface and the water outlet interface are fixedly connected to the bottom end of the water storage barrel.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the follow-up rotating mechanism of the solar water heater comprises a rotating flat plate, water pipe through holes, attachment slideways, supporting seats and supporting force arms, wherein the front end and the rear end of the rotating flat plate are respectively and rotatably connected to the two supporting force arms, a disassembling base is detachably connected to the rotating flat plate through bolts, a water inlet interface and a water outlet interface are respectively positioned in the two water pipe through holes, the rotating flat plate is fixedly connected with the supporting seats, and the left side and the right side of the rotating flat plate are respectively provided with the attachment slideways.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the automatic dust removing mechanism of the solar water heater comprises moving slideways, a driving screw rod, a traveling motor, slide rods, four traveling door frames, four cleaning air cylinders, four cleaning cross beams and four cleaning brushes, wherein the cleaning brushes are fixedly connected to the bottom ends of the cleaning cross beams, the cleaning cross beams are fixedly connected to air cylinder rods of the cleaning air cylinders, the cleaning air cylinders are fixedly connected to the traveling door frames, the front ends of the traveling door frames are connected to the driving screw rod through threads, the driving screw rod is rotatably connected to the moving slideways, two of the moving slideways are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the front end of a rotating flat plate, the other two moving slideways are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the rear end of the rotating flat plate, the driving screw rod is fixedly, the rear end of the walking portal frame is connected to the sliding rod in a sliding mode, and the sliding rod is fixedly connected to the moving slide way at the rear end.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the attaching and supporting mechanism of the solar water heater comprises a bottom supporting strip-shaped plate, attaching spherical grooves, sliding legs and a threaded shaft sleeve, wherein the bottom supporting strip-shaped plate is fixedly connected to the top ends of the sliding legs, the bottom ends of the sliding legs are fixedly connected with the threaded shaft sleeve, the bottom supporting strip-shaped plate is provided with a plurality of attaching spherical grooves, and the two sliding legs are respectively connected in two attaching slideways in a sliding manner.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the clamping protection mechanism of the solar water heater comprises an arc-shaped rack, a clamping screw rod, a follow-up toothed ring, a driving gear and a clamping motor, wherein two threaded shaft sleeves are both connected to the clamping screw rod through threads, the clamping screw rod is rotatably connected to the arc-shaped rack, the arc-shaped rack is fixedly connected to the bottom end of a rotating flat plate, the follow-up toothed ring is fixedly connected to the clamping screw rod, the driving gear is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the clamping motor, the clamping motor is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the rotating flat plate, and the driving gear and the follow-up toothed ring are in meshing transmission.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the tilt fine adjustment mechanism of the solar water heater comprises a tilt bottom plate, fixed support legs, adjusting screws, adjustable support legs, a follow-up motor and a follow-up gear, wherein the follow-up gear is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the follow-up motor, the follow-up motor is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the tilt bottom plate, the two fixed support legs are respectively and rotatably connected to the left end and the right end of the rear end of the tilt bottom plate, the two adjusting screws are respectively and rotatably connected to two corners of the front end of the tilt bottom plate through threads, the two adjustable support legs are respectively and rotatably connected to the bottom ends of the two adjusting screws, the follow-up gear is in meshing transmission with an arc-shaped rack, and two support.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the plurality of fitting spherical grooves of the solar water heater are internally provided with high-temperature-resistant protection pads.
As a further optimization of the technical scheme, the clamping motor and the servo motor of the solar water heater are both provided with a band-type brake.
The solar water heater has the beneficial effects that:
the solar water heater can drive the two driving screw rods to rotate through the two traveling motors respectively, so that the two driving screw rods drive the two traveling portal frames to move respectively to drive the two cleaning cylinders and the two cleaning brushes to move, meanwhile, the two cleaning cylinders drive the two cleaning brushes to descend and attach to the plurality of solar vacuum tubes at the left end and the right end of the water storage barrel, and dust and impurities covered on the surfaces of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes are cleaned, so that the dust and the impurities are prevented from influencing the capacity of the vacuum heat collection tubes for converting solar energy, and the situations of slow heating effect, low heating efficiency and the like of the solar water heater are avoided; meanwhile, the follow-up gear can be driven to rotate through the follow-up motor, the follow-up gear drives the arc-shaped rack, the arc-shaped rack is driven to rotate on the two supporting force arms of the rotating flat plate, the solar vacuum tubes can rotate according to the position of the sun, the sunlight is ensured to be vertically irradiated on the solar vacuum tubes all the time, the solar vacuum tubes can absorb more heat of the sun, and the problem that the heat conversion rate is not high due to the fact that the sunlight and the solar vacuum tubes have large irradiation angles due to the fact that a traditional solar water heater cannot move is solved.
Drawings
The invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a solar water heater according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural view of a solar water heater in another direction.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a tiled heat absorbing mechanism.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of another direction of the flat heat absorbing mechanism.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural view of the follower rotation mechanism.
FIG. 6 is a schematic structural view of an automatic ash removal mechanism.
Figure 7 is a schematic structural view of the fit bearing mechanism.
Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of the clamp guard mechanism.
Fig. 9 is a schematic structural view of the tilt fine adjustment mechanism.
In the figure: laying a heat absorption mechanism 1; disassembling the base 1-1; 1-2 of a water storage barrel; the barrel cover 1-3 can be opened and closed; 1-4 parts of a solar vacuum tube; 1-5 of a water inlet interface; 1-6 of a water outlet interface; a follow-up rotation mechanism 2; rotating the flat plate 2-1; 2-2 of water pipe through hole; attaching a slide way 2-3; 2-4 parts of a supporting seat; 2-5 of a support force arm; an automatic ash removal mechanism 3; a movable slideway 3-1; driving a screw rod 3-2; 3-3 of a traveling motor; 3-4 of a slide bar; 3-5 of a walking portal frame; cleaning the air cylinder 3-6; cleaning the cross beam 3-7; 3-8 parts of a cleaning brush; a laminating and supporting mechanism 4; a bottom supporting strip-shaped plate 4-1; attaching the spherical groove 4-2; 4-3 of a sliding leg; 4-4 of a threaded shaft sleeve; a clamping protection mechanism 5; an arc-shaped rack 5-1; 5-2 parts of a clamping screw rod; 5-3 of a follow-up gear ring; 5-4 of a driving gear; 5-5 of a clamping motor; a tilt fine adjustment mechanism 6; an inclined floor 6-1; a fixed leg 6-2; 6-3 of an adjusting screw; 6-4 parts of adjustable supporting legs; 6-5 of a follow-up motor; a follower gear 6-6.
Detailed Description
The first embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-9, the invention relates to the technical field of solar water heaters, and more specifically relates to a solar water heater, which comprises a tiled heat absorption mechanism 1, a follow-up rotating mechanism 2, an automatic ash cleaning mechanism 3, a joint supporting mechanism 4, a clamping protection mechanism 5 and an inclined fine adjustment mechanism 6, follow-up rotary mechanism 2 fixed connection on slope fine-tuning 6, press from both sides tight protection machanism 5 and connect in follow-up rotary mechanism 2 bottom, slope fine-tuning 6 and the transmission of 5 meshing of the tight protection machanism of clamp, two automatic deashing mechanisms 3 are fixed connection both ends about follow-up rotary mechanism 2 respectively, two equal sliding connection of laminating bearing mechanism 4 are on follow-up rotary mechanism 2, two laminating bearing mechanisms 4 all pass through the screw drive with the tight protection machanism 5 of clamp, the connection can be dismantled on follow-up rotary mechanism 2 through the bolt to tiling heat absorption mechanism 1.
A water source is connected to a tiled heat absorption mechanism 1, then the tiled heat absorption mechanism 1 is cleaned through two automatic ash cleaning mechanisms 3, the capability of converting solar energy of the vacuum heat collection pipe cannot be influenced by dust and impurities, the heating effect and the heating efficiency of the solar water heater are improved, meanwhile, the inclination of an inclined fine adjustment mechanism 6 is adjusted according to the moving position of the sun from morning to evening, the inclined fine adjustment mechanism 6 is meshed with a clamping protection mechanism 5 to drive a follow-up rotation mechanism 2 to rotate, the follow-up rotation mechanism 2 drives the tiled heat absorption mechanism 1 to move and rotate, the tiled heat absorption mechanism 1 can be perpendicular to sunlight, and the tiled heat absorption mechanism 1 vertically receives energy brought by the sunlight on the front side and converts the energy into water in the tiled heat absorption mechanism 1 to heat.
The second embodiment is as follows:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-9, and the embodiment further describes the first embodiment, where the tiled heat absorption mechanism 1 includes a detachable base 1-1, a water storage barrel 1-2, an openable barrel cover 1-3, solar vacuum tubes 1-4, a water inlet port 1-5, and a water outlet port 1-6, the water storage barrel 1-2 is fixedly connected to the detachable base 1-1, the openable barrel cover 1-3 is rotatably connected to both the front and rear ends of the water storage barrel 1-2, both the left and right ends of the water storage barrel 1-2 are connected to a plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4, and the water inlet port 1-5 and the water outlet port 1-6 are fixedly connected to the bottom end of the water storage barrel 1-2.
Two openable barrel covers 1-3 are detachably connected to the front end and the rear end of a water storage barrel 1-2 through bolts, a water source is connected to a water inlet port 1-5 through a pipeline, a household pipeline is connected to a water outlet port 1-6, water is added into the water storage barrel 1-2 and a plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 through the water inlet port 1-5 through the pipeline, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 convert solar energy to heat the water, when the water storage barrel 1-2 needs to be cleaned, the bolts on the two openable barrel covers 1-3 are detached, then the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are detached, so that the water storage barrel 1-2 is kept open front and rear and then cleaned, and the problem that when the interior of a traditional solar water heater is cleaned, a cleaning opening is small is avoided, The cleaning device has the advantages of solving the problems of poor operation and complex process, greatly accelerating the cleaning speed and saving time and labor.
The third concrete implementation mode:
the following describes the embodiment with reference to fig. 1 to 9, and the embodiment further describes the second embodiment, where the follow-up rotation mechanism 2 includes a rotation plate 2-1, water pipe through holes 2-2, attachment slideways 2-3, support seats 2-4, and support force arms 2-5, the front and rear ends of the rotation plate 2-1 are respectively rotatably connected to the two support force arms 2-5, a detachable base 1-1 is detachably connected to the rotation plate 2-1 through bolts, water inlet ports 1-5 and water outlet ports 1-6 are respectively located in the two water pipe through holes 2-2, the rotation plate 2-1 is fixedly connected with a plurality of support seats 2-4, and the left and right sides of the rotation plate 2-1 are respectively provided with the attachment slideways 2-3.
The rotating flat plate 2-1 can rotate around the two supporting force arms 2-5, the water storage barrel 1-2 and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 can be driven to rotate together, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are placed on the plurality of supporting seats 2-4, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are supported, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are prevented from being suspended, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are enabled to be more stable when the rotating flat plate 2-1 rotates, supporting effect can be achieved when the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are disassembled or installed, and disassembling and installing speed is enabled to be faster.
The fourth concrete implementation mode:
the third embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1-9, wherein the automatic ash removal mechanism 3 comprises a moving slideway 3-1, a driving screw rod 3-2, a traveling motor 3-3, a slide rod 3-4, a traveling gantry 3-5, a cleaning cylinder 3-6, a cleaning beam 3-7 and a cleaning brush 3-8, the cleaning brush 3-8 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the cleaning beam 3-7, the cleaning beam 3-7 is fixedly connected to a cylinder rod of the cleaning cylinder 3-6, the cleaning cylinder 3-6 is fixedly connected to the traveling gantry 3-5, the front end of the traveling gantry 3-5 is connected to the driving screw rod 3-2 through threads, the driving screw rod 3-2 is rotatably connected to the moving slideway 3-1, four movable slideways 3-1 are arranged, wherein two movable slideways 3-1 are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the front end of the rotating flat plate 2-1, the other two movable slideways 3-1 are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the rear end of the rotating flat plate 2-1, the driving screw rod 3-2 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the walking motor 3-3, the walking motor 3-3 is fixedly connected to the movable slideways 3-1 at the front end, the rear end of the walking portal frame 3-5 is slidably connected to the sliding rods 3-4, and the sliding rods 3-4 are fixedly connected to the movable slideways 3-1 at the rear.
The traveling motor 3-3 drives the driving screw rod 3-2 to rotate, the driving screw rod 3-2 drives the front end of the traveling gantry 3-5 to move, meanwhile, the rear end of the traveling gantry 3-5 slides on the slide rod 3-4, so that the traveling gantry 3-5 integrally moves, the cleaning cylinder 3-6 on the traveling gantry 3-5 moves together while moving, the cleaning cylinder 3-6 drives the cleaning beam 3-7 and the cleaning brush 3-8 to clean the surfaces of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4, the cleaning cylinder 3-6 drives the cleaning beam 3-7 to lift according to the height of the cleaning brush 3-8 from the surfaces of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4, so that the cleaning beam 3-7 drives the cleaning brush 3-8 to be attached to the surfaces of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to perform cleaning operation, the surfaces of the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are cleaned, the phenomenon that the capacity of the vacuum heat collecting tube for converting solar energy is greatly reduced due to the fact that the vacuum heat collecting tube is covered with dust and impurities is avoided, and the situations that the heating effect of the solar water heater is slow, the heating efficiency is low and the like due to the fact that the dust and the impurities shield the surfaces of the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are avoided.
The fifth concrete implementation mode:
the fourth embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1 to 9, where the attaching and supporting mechanism 4 includes a bottom-supporting strip-shaped plate 4-1, an attaching spherical groove 4-2, a sliding leg 4-3 and a threaded shaft sleeve 4-4, the bottom-supporting strip-shaped plate 4-1 is fixedly connected to the top end of the sliding leg 4-3, the bottom end of the sliding leg 4-3 is fixedly connected to the threaded shaft sleeve 4-4, the bottom-supporting strip-shaped plate 4-1 is provided with a plurality of attaching spherical grooves 4-2, and the two sliding legs 4-3 are respectively slidably connected to two attaching slideways 2-3.
The adhering spherical groove 4-2 is used for bearing and protecting the bottom ends of the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 after the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are arranged on the water storage barrel 1-2, so that the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are tightly arranged on the water storage barrel 1-2, and when the rotating flat plate 2-1 rotates, the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 cannot be loosened or gapped with the water storage barrel 1-2.
The sixth specific implementation mode:
the embodiment is described below with reference to fig. 1-9, and the fifth embodiment is further described in the present embodiment, wherein the clamping protection mechanism 5 comprises an arc-shaped rack 5-1, a clamping screw 5-2, a follower ring 5-3, a driving gear 5-4 and a clamping motor 5-5, two threaded shaft sleeves 4-4 are respectively connected to the clamping screw 5-2 through threads, the clamping screw 5-2 is rotatably connected to the arc-shaped rack 5-1, the arc-shaped rack 5-1 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of a rotating plate 2-1, the follower ring 5-3 is fixedly connected to the clamping screw 5-2, the driving gear 5-4 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the clamping motor 5-5, the clamping motor 5-5 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the rotating plate 2-1, the driving gear 5-4 is in meshed transmission with the following gear ring 5-3.
When the clamping motor 5-5 drives the driving gear 5-4 to rotate, the driving gear 5-4 can drive the follow-up gear ring 5-3 and the clamping screw rod 5-2 to rotate, the clamping screw rod 5-2 can drive the two threaded shaft sleeves 4-4 to simultaneously approach or depart from, the two threaded shaft sleeves 4-4 respectively drive the two sliding legs 4-3 to slide in the two attached slideways 2-3, so that the two sliding legs 4-3 drive the two bottom supporting strip-shaped plates 4-1 to approach to the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to support or depart from the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to manufacture a space which is convenient for the installation and the disassembly of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 in the water storage barrel 1-2.
The seventh embodiment:
the sixth embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1-9, wherein the tilt fine adjustment mechanism 6 includes a tilt base plate 6-1, a fixed leg 6-2, an adjusting screw 6-3, an adjustable leg 6-4, a follower motor 6-5 and a follower gear 6-6, the follower gear 6-6 is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the follower motor 6-5, the follower motor 6-5 is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the tilt base plate 6-1, the two fixed legs 6-2 are respectively rotatably connected to the left and right ends of the rear end of the tilt base plate 6-1, the two adjusting screws 6-3 are respectively connected to two corners of the front end of the tilt base plate 6-1 through threads, the two adjustable legs 6-4 are respectively rotatably connected to the bottom ends of the two adjusting screws 6-3, the follow-up gear 6-6 is in meshed transmission with the arc-shaped rack 5-1, and the two supporting force arms 2-5 are respectively and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the inclined bottom plate 6-1.
The servo motor 6-5 drives the servo gear 6-6 to rotate, the servo gear 6-6 is meshed to drive the arc rack 5-1, the arc rack 5-1 drives the rotating flat plate 2-1 to rotate on the two supporting force arms 2-5, so that the rotating flat plate 2-1 drives the water storage barrel 1-2 and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to rotate together to meet the irradiation angle of sunlight, the sunlight is always vertically irradiated on the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4, meanwhile, the two adjustable supporting legs 6-4 are supported on the ground by rotating the two adjusting screws 6-3 to drive the inclined bottom plate 6-1 to adjust the inclination angle, corresponding adjustment can be carried out according to the direction of the sun, and when the inclined bottom plate 6-1 inclines, the fixed supporting leg 6-2 is rotatably connected to the bottom end of the inclined bottom plate 6-1, so that the inclined bottom plate 6-1 is always stably supported on the ground, the water storage barrel 1-2 and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are rotated by the cooperation of the two points, and the sunlight is always vertically irradiated on the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 according to the irradiation angle of the sunlight.
The specific implementation mode is eight:
the present embodiment will be described with reference to fig. 1 to 9, and a seventh embodiment will be further described, in which a high temperature resistant protective pad is disposed in each of the plurality of fitting spherical grooves 4-2; the bottom of the solar vacuum tubes 1-4 is protected and supported.
The specific implementation method nine:
the eighth embodiment is further described with reference to fig. 1 to 9, wherein the clamping motor 5-5 and the follower motor 6-5 are both provided with an internal contracting brake; after the clamping screw rod is rotated to a proper angle, the clamping screw rod is locked, and accidental rotation of the clamping screw rod 5-2 and the follow-up gear 6-6 is avoided.
The working principle of the solar water heater of the invention is as follows: two openable barrel covers 1-3 are detachably connected to the front end and the rear end of a water storage barrel 1-2 through bolts, a water source is connected to a water inlet port 1-5 through a pipeline, a household pipeline is connected to a water outlet port 1-6, water is added into the water storage barrel 1-2 and a plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 through the water inlet port 1-5 through the pipeline, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 convert solar energy to heat the water, when the water storage barrel 1-2 needs to be cleaned, the bolts on the two openable barrel covers 1-3 are detached, then the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are detached, so that the water storage barrel 1-2 is kept open front and rear and then cleaned, and the problem that when the interior of a traditional solar water heater is cleaned, a cleaning opening is small is avoided, The cleaning speed is greatly accelerated, the time and the labor are saved, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are placed on the plurality of supporting seats 2-4, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are supported, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are prevented from being suspended, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are more stable when the rotating flat plate 2-1 rotates, the supporting function can be performed when the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are disassembled or assembled, the disassembling and assembling speed is faster, the bottom ends of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are tightly supported and protected after the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are assembled on the water storage barrel 1-2, and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 are assembled on the water storage barrel 1-2, when the rotating flat plate 2-1 rotates, the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 cannot be loosened or gapped with the water storage barrel 1-2, the driving gear 5-4 can be driven to rotate by the clamping motor 5-5, the driving gear 5-4 can drive the follow-up gear ring 5-3 and the clamping screw rod 5-2 to rotate, the two threaded shaft sleeves 4-4 can be driven to simultaneously approach or depart from by the rotation of the clamping screw rod 5-2, the two threaded shaft sleeves 4-4 respectively drive the two sliding legs 4-3 to slide in the two attaching slideways 2-3, so that the two sliding legs 4-3 drive the two bottom supporting strip-shaped plates 4-1 to approach the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to support or depart from the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to manufacture a space for facilitating the installation and the disassembly of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 in the water storage barrel 1-2, then, corresponding adjustment is carried out according to the position of the sun in the front-back direction of the solar water heater, two adjustable supporting legs 6-4 are supported on the ground by rotating two adjusting screws 6-3 to drive an inclined bottom plate 6-1 to carry out inclination angle adjustment, the inclined bottom plate 6-1 drives a plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to face the sun, meanwhile, when the inclined bottom plate 6-1 inclines, a fixed supporting leg 6-2 is connected to the bottom end of the inclined bottom plate 6-1 in a rotating mode, so that the inclined bottom plate 6-1 is always stably supported on the ground, then a follow-up motor 6-5 is started, the follow-up motor 6-5 drives a follow-up gear 6-6 to rotate, the follow-up gear 6-6 is meshed to drive an arc-shaped rack 5-1, and the arc-shaped rack 5-1 drives a rotating flat plate 2-1 to rotate on two supporting force arms, the rotating flat plate 2-1 can rotate around the two supporting force arms 2-5 to drive the water storage barrel 1-2 and the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 to rotate together to meet the irradiation angle of sunlight, so that the sunlight is always vertically irradiated on the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4, then at night or after a period of use, the traveling motor 3-3 is started, the traveling motor 3-3 drives the driving screw rod 3-2 to rotate, the driving screw rod 3-2 drives the front end of the traveling gantry 3-5 to move, meanwhile, the rear end of the traveling gantry 3-5 slides on the sliding rod 3-4 to integrally move the traveling gantry 3-5, the cleaning cylinders 3-6 on the traveling gantry 3-5 move together while the traveling gantry 3-5 moves, and the cleaning cylinders 3-6 drive the cleaning beams 3-7 and the cleaning brushes 3-8 to perform vacuum cleaning on the plurality of solar energy The surface of the tube 1-4 is cleaned, the cleaning cylinder 3-6 can drive the cleaning beam 3-7 to lift according to the height of the cleaning brush 3-8 from the surface of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4, so that the cleaning beam 3-7 can drive the cleaning brush 3-8 to be attached to the surface of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 for cleaning, the surface of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 is cleaned, the situation that the solar energy conversion capability of the evacuated collector tube is greatly reduced due to the fact that the evacuated collector tube is covered with dust and impurities is avoided, and the situation that the solar water heater is slow in heating effect and low in heating efficiency due to the fact that the dust and the impurities shield the surface of the plurality of solar vacuum tubes 1-4 is avoided.
It is to be understood that the above description is not intended to limit the present invention, and the present invention is not limited to the above examples, and that various changes, modifications, additions and substitutions which are within the spirit and scope of the present invention and which may be made by those skilled in the art are also within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. The utility model provides a solar water heater, includes tiling heat absorption mechanism (1), follow-up rotary mechanism (2), automatic deashing mechanism (3), laminating bearing mechanism (4), presss from both sides tight protection machanism (5) and slope fine-tuning (6), its characterized in that: follow-up rotary mechanism (2) fixed connection on slope fine-tuning (6), press from both sides tight protection machanism (5) and connect in follow-up rotary mechanism (2) bottom, slope fine-tuning (6) and press from both sides tight protection machanism (5) meshing transmission, two automatic deashing mechanisms (3) are fixed connection respectively at both ends about follow-up rotary mechanism (2), two equal sliding connection of laminating bearing mechanism (4) are on follow-up rotary mechanism (2), two laminating bearing mechanisms (4) all pass through the screw thread transmission with pressing from both sides tight protection machanism (5), tiling heat absorption mechanism (1) can be dismantled through the bolt and connect on follow-up rotary mechanism (2).
2. A solar water heater according to claim 1, wherein: the tiled heat absorption mechanism (1) comprises a disassembly base (1-1), a water storage barrel (1-2), an openable barrel cover (1-3), solar vacuum tubes (1-4), a water inlet port (1-5) and a water outlet port (1-6), wherein the water storage barrel (1-2) is fixedly connected to the disassembly base (1-1), the openable barrel cover (1-3) is rotatably connected to the front end and the rear end of the water storage barrel (1-2), the left end and the right end of the water storage barrel (1-2) are respectively connected with a plurality of solar vacuum tubes (1-4), and the water inlet port (1-5) and the water outlet port (1-6) are fixedly connected to the bottom end of the water storage barrel (1-2).
3. A solar water heater according to claim 2, wherein: the follow-up rotating mechanism (2) comprises a rotating flat plate (2-1), water pipe through holes (2-2), a bonding slide way (2-3), supporting seats (2-4) and supporting force arms (2-5), the front end and the rear end of the rotating flat plate (2-1) are respectively connected to the two supporting force arms (2-5) in a rotating mode, a dismounting base (1-1) is detachably connected to the rotating flat plate (2-1) through bolts, a water inlet connector (1-5) and a water outlet connector (1-6) are respectively located in the two water pipe through holes (2-2), the rotating flat plate (2-1) is fixedly connected with a plurality of supporting seats (2-4), and the left side and the right side of the rotating flat plate (2-1) are respectively provided with the bonding slide way (2-3).
4. A solar water heater according to claim 3, wherein: the automatic ash cleaning mechanism (3) comprises a movable slideway (3-1), a driving screw rod (3-2), a walking motor (3-3), a slide rod (3-4), a walking door frame (3-5), a cleaning cylinder (3-6), a cleaning beam (3-7) and a cleaning brush (3-8), wherein the cleaning brush (3-8) is fixedly connected with the bottom end of the cleaning beam (3-7), the cleaning beam (3-7) is fixedly connected with a cylinder rod of the cleaning cylinder (3-6), the cleaning cylinder (3-6) is fixedly connected with the walking door frame (3-5), the front end of the walking door frame (3-5) is connected with the driving screw rod (3-2) through threads, the driving screw rod (3-2) is rotatably connected with the movable slideway (3-1), four movable slideways (3-1) are arranged, wherein two movable slideways (3-1) are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the front end of the rotating flat plate (2-1), the other two movable slideways (3-1) are respectively and fixedly connected to the left end and the right end of the rear end of the rotating flat plate (2-1), the driving screw rod (3-2) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the walking motor (3-3), the walking motor (3-3) is fixedly connected to the movable slideways (3-1) at the front end, the rear end of the walking gantry (3-5) is slidably connected to the slide rods (3-4), and the slide rods (3-4) are fixedly connected to the movable slideways (3-1) at the rear end.
5. A solar water heater according to claim 4, wherein: the laminating supporting mechanism (4) comprises a support bottom strip-shaped plate (4-1), a laminating spherical groove (4-2), a sliding leg (4-3) and a threaded shaft sleeve (4-4), the support bottom strip-shaped plate (4-1) is fixedly connected to the top end of the sliding leg (4-3), the bottom end of the sliding leg (4-3) is fixedly connected with the threaded shaft sleeve (4-4), the support bottom strip-shaped plate (4-1) is provided with a plurality of laminating spherical grooves (4-2), and the two sliding legs (4-3) are respectively connected in two laminating slideways (2-3) in a sliding mode.
6. A solar water heater according to claim 5, wherein: the clamping protection mechanism (5) comprises an arc-shaped rack (5-1), a clamping screw rod (5-2), a follow-up toothed ring (5-3), a driving gear (5-4) and a clamping motor (5-5), wherein the two threaded shaft sleeves (4-4) are connected to the clamping screw rod (5-2) through threads, the clamping screw rod (5-2) is rotatably connected to the arc-shaped rack (5-1), the arc-shaped rack (5-1) is fixedly connected to the bottom end of a rotating flat plate (2-1), the follow-up toothed ring (5-3) is fixedly connected to the clamping screw rod (5-2), the driving gear (5-4) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the clamping motor (5-5), and the clamping motor (5-5) is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the rotating flat plate (2-1), the driving gear (5-4) is in meshed transmission with the following gear ring (5-3).
7. A solar water heater according to claim 6, wherein: the inclination fine adjustment mechanism (6) comprises an inclination bottom plate (6-1), fixed supporting legs (6-2), adjusting screws (6-3), adjustable supporting legs (6-4), a follow-up motor (6-5) and a follow-up gear (6-6), wherein the follow-up gear (6-6) is fixedly connected to an output shaft of the follow-up motor (6-5), the follow-up motor (6-5) is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the inclination bottom plate (6-1), the two fixed supporting legs (6-2) are respectively and rotatably connected to the left end and the right end of the rear end of the inclination bottom plate (6-1), the two adjusting screws (6-3) are respectively and rotatably connected to two corners of the front end of the inclination bottom plate (6-1) through threads, the two adjustable supporting legs (6-4) are respectively and rotatably connected to the bottom ends of the two adjusting screws (6-3), the follow-up gear (6-6) is in meshed transmission with the arc-shaped rack (5-1), and the two supporting force arms (2-5) are respectively and fixedly connected to the front end and the rear end of the inclined bottom plate (6-1).
8. A solar water heater according to claim 7, wherein: and high-temperature-resistant protection pads are arranged in the plurality of fitting spherical grooves (4-2).
9. A solar water heater according to claim 8, wherein: and the clamping motor (5-5) and the follow-up motor (6-5) are respectively provided with a band-type brake.
CN202011006616.1A 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Solar water heater Withdrawn CN112113352A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011006616.1A CN112113352A (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Solar water heater

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202011006616.1A CN112113352A (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Solar water heater

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112113352A true CN112113352A (en) 2020-12-22

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ID=73801207

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202011006616.1A Withdrawn CN112113352A (en) 2020-09-23 2020-09-23 Solar water heater

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112113352A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112838812A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-25 叶温柔 Locking device of solar panel

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB189812952A (en) * 1898-06-09 1899-05-13 Edward Lyon Berthon Improvements in Equatorial Telescopes.
CN107733338A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 湖州绅博能源科技有限公司 A kind of device for improving solar panel generating efficiency
CN110411038A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-11-05 深圳市文地科技有限公司 A kind of solar water heater with safeguard function for smart home
CN210242027U (en) * 2019-07-10 2020-04-03 江苏辉煌太阳能股份有限公司 Solar water heater suitable for multiple scenes

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB189812952A (en) * 1898-06-09 1899-05-13 Edward Lyon Berthon Improvements in Equatorial Telescopes.
CN107733338A (en) * 2017-10-26 2018-02-23 湖州绅博能源科技有限公司 A kind of device for improving solar panel generating efficiency
CN110411038A (en) * 2019-07-02 2019-11-05 深圳市文地科技有限公司 A kind of solar water heater with safeguard function for smart home
CN210242027U (en) * 2019-07-10 2020-04-03 江苏辉煌太阳能股份有限公司 Solar water heater suitable for multiple scenes

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112838812A (en) * 2020-12-31 2021-05-25 叶温柔 Locking device of solar panel
CN112838812B (en) * 2020-12-31 2022-02-25 广州城市电力工程有限公司 Locking device of solar panel

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