CN112090553A - Sand making machine for constructional engineering - Google Patents

Sand making machine for constructional engineering Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112090553A
CN112090553A CN202010860785.5A CN202010860785A CN112090553A CN 112090553 A CN112090553 A CN 112090553A CN 202010860785 A CN202010860785 A CN 202010860785A CN 112090553 A CN112090553 A CN 112090553A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
impeller
seted
cavity
stone groove
chamber
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010860785.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张海霞
Original Assignee
张海霞
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张海霞 filed Critical 张海霞
Priority to CN202010860785.5A priority Critical patent/CN112090553A/en
Publication of CN112090553A publication Critical patent/CN112090553A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C19/00Other disintegrating devices or methods
    • B02C19/0012Devices for disintegrating materials by collision of these materials against a breaking surface or breaking body and/or by friction between the material particles (also for grain)
    • B02C19/0018Devices for disintegrating materials by collision of these materials against a breaking surface or breaking body and/or by friction between the material particles (also for grain) using a rotor accelerating the materials centrifugally against a circumferential breaking surface
    • B02C19/0025Devices for disintegrating materials by collision of these materials against a breaking surface or breaking body and/or by friction between the material particles (also for grain) using a rotor accelerating the materials centrifugally against a circumferential breaking surface by means of a rotor with radially extending channels
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/02Feeding devices

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of building equipment and discloses a sand making machine for building engineering, which comprises a machine body, wherein the middle part of the machine body is provided with a falling cavity, the top of the falling cavity is provided with a crushing cavity, the bottom of the falling cavity is provided with a discharging cavity, the top of the crushing cavity is provided with a feeding cavity, the feed chamber is internally and fixedly provided with a feed divider, the middle part of the interior of the feed divider is movably provided with a first impeller, the inner ring wall of the crushing cavity is fixedly provided with an impact block, the outer ring at the top of the driving shaft is fixedly provided with a second impeller, an inclined stop block is fixedly arranged between adjacent impeller blades of the second impeller, an upper baffle is fixedly arranged at the position of the bottom of the material distribution device, which is positioned at the top of the second impeller, blanking ports are arranged on the upper baffle in an equal circumference manner, through the design that sets up feed divider and oblique dog, can carry out effectual breakage with the grit and protected the longer life of organism.

Description

Sand making machine for constructional engineering
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of construction equipment, in particular to a sand making machine for constructional engineering.
Background
Need a large amount of grit in building engineering, and the grit that directly can acquire is limited, consequently need carry out system sand, and the equipment that system sand adopted is system sand machine, and thereby it utilizes the mode of "stone and" stone iron "to carry out broken handling to big stone and obtain little grit for system sand machine, and system sand machine's principle is simple, directly utilizes the collision breakage, but it still has some problems:
1. when the crushing is carried out, the middle part of the discharged material falls on the rotating impeller, then the large stones are thrown out to the periphery by utilizing the rotation of the impeller and collide with the impact block on the outer side, so that the discharged material is crushed, but the fed stones contain different stones with large differences in mass, the stones with different masses fall into the middle part of the impeller, and the throwing speed is the same as that of the stones with different masses, so that the smaller sand impact force is too large, on one hand, the waste of waves is caused, on the other hand, the damage to the impact block is increased, and the service life of the impact block is shortened;
2. the sandstone with different qualities falls on the middle part of the impeller together, so that the pebbles cannot be smashed into required sizes as far as possible if the rotating speed of the impeller is not fast enough, but the damage is large due to the fact that the rotating speed is too fast, the service life of the impeller is seriously influenced, the quality of the sandstone which is required in practice basically has a certain range, and the sandstone can be broken in different degrees within different quality ranges to complete sand making.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the defects of the background technology, the invention provides the sand making machine for the building engineering, which has the advantages of good sand making effect and long service life and solves the problems in the background technology.
The invention provides the following technical scheme: a sand making machine for construction engineering comprises a machine body, wherein a falling cavity is formed in the middle of the machine body, driving motors are symmetrically and fixedly mounted at positions, located on two sides of the outer portion of the falling cavity, in the middle of the machine body, a crushing cavity is formed in the top of the falling cavity, a discharging cavity is formed in the bottom of the falling cavity, a feeding cavity is formed in the top of the crushing cavity, a driving shaft is movably mounted in the falling cavity and movably connected with the output end of the driving motor through a belt, a material distributing device is fixedly mounted in the feeding cavity, a feeding hole is formed in the top of the feeding cavity and communicated with the material distributing device, a first impeller is movably mounted in the middle of the inner portion of the material distributing device, an impact block is fixedly mounted on the inner ring wall of the crushing cavity, a second impeller is fixedly mounted on the outer ring of the top of the driving shaft, a lower baffle is fixedly mounted at the bottom, the upper baffle plate is provided with blanking ports at equal circumferences, an inclined stop block is fixedly mounted between adjacent impeller blades of the second impeller, a driving gear is fixedly mounted in the middle of the top surface of the driving shaft, a driving sleeve shaft is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the first impeller, and a transmission gear is movably mounted between the driving gear and the inner ring of the driving sleeve shaft.
Preferably, four material separating ports are uniformly formed in the position, located on the outer ring of the first impeller, of the material separating device, the material separating port of the material separating device is opposite to the position fixedly provided with material blocking blocks, and a large stone groove, a middle stone groove and a small stone groove are sequentially formed in the position, located between the two material blocking blocks, of the material separating device.
Preferably, the export has been seted up to the bottom that big stone groove is close to first impeller one end, the export has been seted up to the bottom at well stone groove middle part, the export has been seted up to the bottom that first impeller one end was kept away from in the little stone groove, the bottom in big stone groove and well stone groove is located the top of blanking mouth, the bottom opening in little stone groove is located the marginal top of overhead gage, the material block and the contained angle of dividing between the material mouth are forty-five degrees.
Preferably, the inclined angle of the inclined block inclined plane is forty-five degrees, and the horizontal length of the inclined block is half of the horizontal length of the blanking port.
Preferably, the inner ring at the bottom of the driving sleeve shaft is provided with a toothed key and is meshed with the transmission gear through the toothed key, the driving gear is positioned inside the bottom of the driving sleeve shaft and is meshed with the transmission gear, and the bottom of the transmission gear is connected to the inner wall of the material distributing device through the supporting rod.
The invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. through the feed divider who sets up, big stone that will carry out the system sand carries on greatly, in, the screening of small-scale, guarantee after the screening that it falls into the different position of impeller, compare in prior art, the difference can make the impeller kinetic energy that the stone received supply inequality on falling into the impeller, thereby also can receive different acceleration process when throwing away it, the deuterogamy is thrown away and is installed oblique dog and can give radial shock acceleration of great grit on the impeller, make great grit obtain great kinetic energy under the effect of same rotational speed impeller, thereby guaranteed that different grit have different kinetic energies, can carry out breakage effectively and guarantee that the impact block can not receive many extravagant extra kinetic energies, guarantee that its life is longer.
2. Through feed divider and the design of oblique dog that sets up, can sieve the stone and fall into the different positions of impeller and throw away, compare in prior art, the whereabouts of control stone and the oblique dog at big stone whereabouts department can also provide a horizontally power, can both throw away big or small stone like this and carry out intact impact breakage guaranteeing under certain rotational speed, need not carry out extra great acceleration in order to adapt to big stone, played the guard action to the impeller.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a top view of the overall structure of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a sectional view taken along line A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a material distribution device of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an impeller device according to the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of an impeller device according to the present invention;
fig. 7 is an enlarged view of fig. 3 at B.
In the figure: 1. a body; 2. a drop chamber; 3. a crushing chamber; 4. a discharge cavity; 5. a drive motor; 6. a feed cavity; 601. a feed inlet; 7. a material distributing device; 701. a material distributing port; 702. a large stone groove; 703. a stone groove; 704. a small stone groove; 8. a first impeller; 9. a drive shaft; 10. an impact block; 11. a lower baffle plate; 12. an upper baffle plate; 1201. a blanking port; 13. a second impeller; 14. a driving gear; 15. driving the sleeve shaft; 16. a material blocking block; 17. a transmission gear; 18. and an inclined stop block.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1-7, a sand making machine for construction engineering comprises a machine body 1, a falling cavity 2 is formed in the middle of the machine body 1, driving motors 5 are symmetrically and fixedly installed at positions of two sides of the outer portion of the falling cavity 2 in the middle of the machine body 1, a crushing cavity 3 is formed in the top of the falling cavity 2, a discharging cavity 4 is formed in the bottom of the falling cavity 2, a feeding cavity 6 is formed in the top of the crushing cavity 3, a driving shaft 9 is movably installed in the falling cavity 2 and movably connected with the output end of the driving motor 5 through a belt, a material distributing device 7 is fixedly installed in the feeding cavity 6, a feeding hole 601 is formed in the top of the feeding cavity 6 and communicated with the material distributing device 7, a first impeller 8 is movably installed in the middle of the material distributing device 7, an impact block 10 is fixedly installed on the inner ring wall of the crushing cavity 3, a second, the bottom of the second impeller 13 is fixedly provided with a lower baffle 11, the bottom of the material dividing device 7 is fixedly provided with an upper baffle 12 at the top of the second impeller 13, the upper baffle 12 is provided with a blanking opening 1201 at the same circumference, an inclined stop block 18 is fixedly arranged between the adjacent impeller blades of the second impeller 13, a driving gear 14 is fixedly arranged at the middle part of the top surface of the driving shaft 9, the bottom of the first impeller 8 is fixedly provided with a driving sleeve 15, a transmission gear 17 is movably arranged between the driving gear 14 and the inner ring of the driving sleeve 15, the position of the material dividing device 7 at the outer ring of the first impeller 8 is uniformly provided with four material dividing openings 701, the material dividing device 7 is positioned at the material dividing openings 701 and is directly opposite to the position and fixedly provided with material blocking blocks 16, and the position of the material dividing device 7 between the two material blocking blocks 16.
Wherein, the export has been seted up to the bottom that big stone groove 702 is close to first impeller 8 one end, the export has been seted up to the bottom at well stone groove 703 middle part, the export has been seted up to the bottom that little stone groove 704 is kept away from first impeller 8 one end, big stone groove 702 is located the top of blanking mouth 1201 with the bottom of well stone groove 703, the bottom opening of little stone groove 704 is located the marginal top of overhead gage 12, the contained angle between fender material piece 16 and the branch material mouth 701 is forty-five degrees, the grit that guarantees to divide material mouth 701 to throw out can strike with fender material piece 16, and because the lower assurance of first impeller 8 rotational speed can not strike material piece 16 impact damage, later the grit after 16 bounce-backs of fender material piece can rebound go to different stone grooves because of the difference of quality, the rebound quality that every stone groove set up is the certain extent, so can guarantee to rebound to select separately well.
The inclined angle of the inclined surface of the inclined block 18 is forty-five degrees, the horizontal length of the inclined block 18 is half of the horizontal length of the blanking port 1201, gravel falling from a stone groove enters the blanking port 1201, and the inclined block 18 can be impacted after falling for the purpose of being close to the inside of the large gravel, so that the gravity does work and is converted into horizontal power, an extra speed addition is provided for throwing away the gravel, and the effective impact of the gravel and the impact block 10 is facilitated.
The inner ring at the bottom of the driving sleeve shaft 15 is provided with a toothed key and is meshed with the transmission gear 17 through the toothed key, the driving gear 14 is located inside the bottom of the driving sleeve shaft 15 and is meshed with the transmission gear 17, the bottom of the transmission gear 17 is connected to the inner wall of the material distributing device 7 through a supporting rod, the speed reducing function is achieved through the gear meshing mode, the material distributing device 7 at the top is guaranteed to be capable of distributing materials slowly, and therefore the service life of the material distributing device is not affected due to the fact that large impact force is generated at high speed.
The working principle is that the equipment is started, the equipment to be crushed is poured into the feed cavity 6, sand and stone enter the material distributing device 7 through the feed inlet 601, the sand falling into the big stone groove 702 finally falls onto the inclined stop block 18, is accelerated by a horizontal impact and then thrown out by the impeller blades, the sand falling into the middle stone groove 703 finally falls onto the position between two impeller blades of the second impeller 13 and is thrown out, the sand falling into the small stone groove 704 is small sand which does not need to be crushed, can directly fall down, the thrown sand can be crushed after colliding with the impact block 10, and then all the sand is discharged from the discharging cavity 4 to finish the sand making process.
It is noted that, herein, relational terms such as first and second, and the like may be used solely to distinguish one entity or action from another entity or action without necessarily requiring or implying any actual such relationship or order between such entities or actions. Also, the terms "comprises," "comprising," or any other variation thereof, are intended to cover a non-exclusive inclusion, such that a process, method, article, or apparatus that comprises a list of elements does not include only those elements but may include other elements not expressly listed or inherent to such process, method, article, or apparatus.
Although embodiments of the present invention have been shown and described, it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that changes, modifications, substitutions and alterations can be made in these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the invention, the scope of which is defined in the appended claims and their equivalents.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a sand making machine for building engineering, including organism (1), the middle part of organism (1) has been seted up and has been fallen chamber (2), the symmetry fixed mounting that the middle part of organism (1) is located the outside both sides of whereabouts chamber (2) has driving motor (5), broken chamber (3) have been seted up at the top of whereabouts chamber (2), ejection of compact chamber (4) have been seted up to the bottom of whereabouts chamber (2), feeding chamber (6) have been seted up at the top of broken chamber (3), the inside movable mounting of whereabouts chamber (2) has drive shaft (9) and through belt and outside driving motor (5) output swing joint, its characterized in that: the feeding device is characterized in that a material distributing device (7) is fixedly mounted inside the feeding cavity (6), a feeding hole (601) is formed in the top of the feeding cavity (6) and communicated with the material distributing device (7), a first impeller (8) is movably mounted in the middle of the inside of the material distributing device (7), an impact block (10) is fixedly mounted on the inner ring wall of the crushing cavity (3), a second impeller (13) is fixedly mounted on the outer ring of the top of the driving shaft (9), a lower baffle (11) is fixedly mounted at the bottom of the second impeller (13), an upper baffle (12) is fixedly mounted at the position, located at the top of the second impeller (13), of the bottom of the material distributing device (7), a blanking hole (1201) is formed in the upper baffle (12) in an equal circumference mode, an inclined baffle (18) is fixedly mounted between adjacent impeller blades of the second impeller (13), and a driving gear (14) is fixedly mounted in, the bottom of the first impeller (8) is fixedly provided with a driving sleeve shaft (15), and a transmission gear (17) is movably arranged between the driving gear (14) and the inner ring of the driving sleeve shaft (15).
2. The sand making machine for construction engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: four feed dividing openings (701) have evenly been seted up to the position that feed divider (7) are located first impeller (8) outer lane, feed divider (7) are located feed dividing opening (701) and just have to keep off material piece (16) to position fixed mounting, big stone groove (702), well stone groove (703) and small stone groove (704) have been seted up in proper order to the position that feed divider (7) are located between two fender material pieces (16).
3. The sand making machine for construction engineering according to claim 2, characterized in that: the big stone groove (702) have been seted up near the bottom of first impeller (8) one end and have been exported, the export has been seted up to the bottom at well stone groove (703) middle part, the export has been seted up to the bottom of keeping away from first impeller (8) one end in little stone groove (704), the bottom in big stone groove (702) and well stone groove (703) is located the top of blanking mouth (1201), the bottom opening in little stone groove (704) is located the edge top of overhead gage (12), the contained angle that keeps off between material piece (16) and the branch material mouth (701) is forty-five degrees.
4. The sand making machine for construction engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inclined angle of the inclined surface of the inclined block (18) is forty-five degrees, and the horizontal length of the inclined block (18) is half of that of the blanking port (1201).
5. The sand making machine for construction engineering according to claim 1, characterized in that: the inner ring at the bottom of the driving sleeve shaft (15) is provided with a toothed key and is meshed with the transmission gear (17) through the toothed key, the driving gear (14) is located inside the bottom of the driving sleeve shaft (15) and is meshed with the transmission gear (17), and the bottom of the transmission gear (17) is connected to the inner wall of the material distributing device (7) through a supporting rod.
CN202010860785.5A 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Sand making machine for constructional engineering Pending CN112090553A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010860785.5A CN112090553A (en) 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Sand making machine for constructional engineering

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010860785.5A CN112090553A (en) 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Sand making machine for constructional engineering

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112090553A true CN112090553A (en) 2020-12-18

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010860785.5A Pending CN112090553A (en) 2020-08-25 2020-08-25 Sand making machine for constructional engineering

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113560009A (en) * 2021-09-24 2021-10-29 徐州硕勤机械制造有限公司 Mechanical sand making machine for constructional engineering

Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3970257A (en) * 1972-10-05 1976-07-20 Macdonald George James Apparatus for reducing the size of discrete material
US20050067517A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2005-03-31 Rose Brett M. Gravity impeller apparatus for centrifugal rock crusher turntable
CN105170276A (en) * 2015-10-26 2015-12-23 遂宁市东升矿山机械制造有限公司 Vertical shaft impact type crusher
CN205095865U (en) * 2015-07-21 2016-03-23 谢章钦 System sand for building machine with divide material function
CN108940507A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-12-07 湖南中联重科混凝土机械站类设备有限公司 Impeller assembly and impact crusher
CN109092498A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-28 中联重科股份有限公司 Sand making machine
CN208356978U (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-01-11 青岛恒润建材有限公司 Sand making machine
CN109985696A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-07-09 枣庄鑫金山智能机械股份有限公司 A kind of novel high purity quartz sand sand making machine
CN110653048A (en) * 2018-06-29 2020-01-07 四川铁鹰机械制造有限公司 Vertical impact crusher of iron structure is beaten to stone
CN211217022U (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-08-11 成都市新利豪建材有限公司 Sand making device suitable for construction waste treatment

Patent Citations (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3970257A (en) * 1972-10-05 1976-07-20 Macdonald George James Apparatus for reducing the size of discrete material
US20050067517A1 (en) * 2003-09-25 2005-03-31 Rose Brett M. Gravity impeller apparatus for centrifugal rock crusher turntable
CN205095865U (en) * 2015-07-21 2016-03-23 谢章钦 System sand for building machine with divide material function
CN105170276A (en) * 2015-10-26 2015-12-23 遂宁市东升矿山机械制造有限公司 Vertical shaft impact type crusher
CN208356978U (en) * 2018-04-04 2019-01-11 青岛恒润建材有限公司 Sand making machine
CN108940507A (en) * 2018-05-24 2018-12-07 湖南中联重科混凝土机械站类设备有限公司 Impeller assembly and impact crusher
CN110653048A (en) * 2018-06-29 2020-01-07 四川铁鹰机械制造有限公司 Vertical impact crusher of iron structure is beaten to stone
CN109092498A (en) * 2018-07-25 2018-12-28 中联重科股份有限公司 Sand making machine
CN109985696A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-07-09 枣庄鑫金山智能机械股份有限公司 A kind of novel high purity quartz sand sand making machine
CN211217022U (en) * 2019-10-08 2020-08-11 成都市新利豪建材有限公司 Sand making device suitable for construction waste treatment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113560009A (en) * 2021-09-24 2021-10-29 徐州硕勤机械制造有限公司 Mechanical sand making machine for constructional engineering

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