CN112056574B - Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate - Google Patents

Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112056574B
CN112056574B CN202010982478.4A CN202010982478A CN112056574B CN 112056574 B CN112056574 B CN 112056574B CN 202010982478 A CN202010982478 A CN 202010982478A CN 112056574 B CN112056574 B CN 112056574B
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China
Prior art keywords
pomegranate
box
impurity
separation net
seed
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CN202010982478.4A
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CN112056574A (en
Inventor
张长勤
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Xiaoxian Zhongke electromagnetic testing Co.,Ltd.
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Xiaoxian Zhongke Electromagnetic Testing Co ltd
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N7/00Peeling vegetables or fruit
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N15/06Devices for other treatment of fruit, e.g. marking, maturing, polishing
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; SEPARATING BY OTHER DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/28Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens
    • B07B1/34Moving screens not otherwise provided for, e.g. swinging, reciprocating, rocking, tilting or wobbling screens jigging or moving to-and-fro perpendicularly or approximately perpendiculary to the plane of the screen
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N15/00Machines or apparatus for other treatment of fruits or vegetables for human purposes; Machines or apparatus for topping or skinning flower bulbs
    • A23N2015/008Sorting of fruit and vegetables

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate, which comprises a box body, wherein a cover plate is arranged at the top of the box body, a lifting button is fixedly arranged at the axis of the upper surface of the cover plate, a first material taking port and a second material taking port are formed in the front surface of the box body, the second material taking port is positioned below the first material taking port, an impurity containing box is fixedly arranged at the bottom of the box body, a metal fixing strip is transversely and fixedly connected inside the box body, a fixing base is fixed in the middle of the upper surface of the metal fixing strip, six first blades are arranged around the fixing base, the six first blades can be contracted towards the center through machinery, and a rotating seat is arranged at the center of the fixing base. According to the automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device, the rotary seat and the fixing needle are matched with each other, so that a flap part can be conveniently and accurately found, the error cutting of pomegranate seeds can be effectively reduced, and the fixing needle can drive the pomegranate to rotate when the rotary seat rotates.

Description

Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of food processing, in particular to the field of automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing devices.
Background
Pomegranate fruits are rich in nutrition, rich in various amino acids and trace elements, can promote gastrointestinal digestion, refresh mind and restore consciousness, and also have a certain effect of dispelling the effects of alcohol, but pomegranate peels are difficult to peel, the peeling efficiency by hands is very low, and the peeling is very laborious, and juice is made to the hands of the pomegranate when the pomegranate is peeled every time, in order to facilitate eating the pomegranate, a plurality of seed removing devices are designed, for example, application publication No. CN108095133A discloses an automatic seed removing machine, which comprises a base, wherein the base is provided with a host control box, a peeling barrel box and a vibration box, the bottom of the peeling barrel box is provided with an engine, the engine is connected with a roller shaft, the roller shaft is connected with a roller, the top of the roller is provided with a supporting cover, the base surface of the supporting cover is provided with the peeling box, the circumference of the inner wall of the peeling box is provided with a grapple, and the top of the peeling box is provided with a valve, the base surface of the valve is connected with a cutter marking box, blades are arranged on the circumference of the inner wall of the cutter marking box, a vibration net is arranged inside the vibration box, the vibration net is connected with a driving rod, and the driving rod is connected with a driving device, so that the precise matching and full-automatic stripping of each function box are realized; be provided with water inlet and escape orifice through the lateral wall of cylinder, make a round trip high-speed rotation at the cylinder for young pomegranate and skin separation, and difficult injury young pomegranate, the escape orifice is opened, and young pomegranate gets into next function case with the skin, and current automatic seed removing machine has some problems, at this moment just needs an automatic seed removing device that skins of pomegranate.
The automatic seed removing machine device has the advantages that firstly, when the pomegranate is peeled automatically, a knife is used for cutting directly, the position of a lamella is difficult to find accurately, the damage of the pomegranate seed is serious, secondly, after the pomegranate is peeled and the seed is removed, fragments of the lamella and the pomegranate peel are mixed with the pomegranate seed, the pomegranate seed is difficult to separate from the lamella and the fragments, and the automatic seed removing machine device for peeling the pomegranate is provided aiming at the problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly aims to provide an automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device, which can effectively solve the problems in the background technology: when the pomegranate is peeled automatically, the pomegranate is cut directly by a knife, so that the flap part is difficult to find accurately, and the pomegranate seeds are damaged seriously; after peeling the pomegranate and removing the seeds, the fragments of the lamella and the pomegranate peel are mixed with the pomegranate seeds, and the pomegranate seeds are not easy to separate from the lamella and the fragments.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the technical scheme that:
the utility model provides an automatic seed device that skins of pomegranate, the power distribution box comprises a box body, the apron is installed at the top of box, the axle center department fixed mounting of the upper surface of apron has the knob of carrying, the front of box has been seted up first material mouth and the second of getting and has been got the material mouth, and the second gets the material mouth and is located the first below of getting the material mouth, first material mouth and the second of getting is got the material mouth and is used for taking out the debris that produce when skinning and removing the seed, the bottom fixed mounting of box has the impurity receiver, the inside horizontal fixedly connected with metal fixed strip of box.
Further, the middle part of the upper surface of metal fixing strip is fixed with unable adjustment base, unable adjustment base installs six first blades all around, and is six first blade can be through machinery to the shrink of center department, unable adjustment base's center department installs the roating seat, the last surface mounting of roating seat has fixed needle, fixed needle's structure is three pyramid type, is convenient for part the pomegranate that cuts when rotatory.
Further, first spout and second spout have been seted up to the lower surface of apron, the second spout sets up to communicate for circle shape and first spout rather than the outside, the inside fixed mounting of first spout has the push rod, the inside sliding connection of first spout has the slider, the push rod can adsorb fixedly through electro-magnet and slider, the lower fixed surface of slider installs the second blade.
Further, the rotary drum is installed to the inner wall of box, the rotary drum is located the lower terminal surface of metal fixed strip, the bottom fixed mounting in the inside of rotary drum has the primary filter screen, the rotary drum passes through the motor and rotates in the box, the inside through connection of box has first inlet tube and second inlet tube, and just first inlet tube and second inlet tube are located between rotary drum and the metal fixed strip, the equal fixed mounting of one end that first inlet tube and second inlet tube are located the box has rotatory nozzle.
Further, the rivers passageway has been seted up in the box, the outside intercommunication of rivers passageway has the third inlet tube, the inboard intercommunication of rivers passageway has the delivery port, third inlet tube and delivery port are located the lower terminal surface of rotary drum, the rivers that flow through in the rivers passageway can form the swirl, the lower terminal surface of third inlet tube and delivery port is provided with the block, the inner wall at the box is installed to the block, the block expandes when not using and can pack up, the lower terminal surface of block is provided with two baffles, two the baffle passes through the rotation axis and fixes the inside at the box, one side through connection of box has the drain pipe, the valve is installed to the tail end of drain pipe, the drain pipe is located between baffle and the block.
Further, a first separation net and a second separation net are arranged on the lower end face of the baffle, the second separation net is located below the first separation net, an impurity outlet and an impurity channel are formed in the left side of the inner wall of the box body, the impurity outlet and the impurity channel are communicated, the impurity channel penetrates through the bottom of the box body, a placement groove is formed in the right side of the inner wall of the box body, a hydraulic rod is fixedly mounted on the upper surface of the lower end of the placement groove, the left end of the first separation net is fixed with the box body through a rotating shaft and located at the impurity outlet, the lower surface of the right end of the first separation net is fixedly connected with the top of the hydraulic rod, a vibration spring is arranged on the outer side of the hydraulic rod, the top of the vibration spring is fixed with the lower surface of the first separation net, the bottom of the vibration spring is fixed on the upper surface of the lower end of the placement groove, and meshes of the first separation net need to be slightly larger than the diameter of pomegranate seeds, make the impurity that the diameter is greater than the pomegranate seed get into the impurity receiver through impurity export and impurity passageway.
Further, the left end setting of second separation net is the same with the right-hand member setting of first separation net, the second separation net can shake through the lower fixed surface's of its left end vibrations spring, the mesh of second separation net need slightly be less than the diameter of pomegranate seed, and the impurity that makes the diameter be less than the pomegranate seed gets into the impurity receiver through the second separation net, the right-hand member of second separation net is provided with the discharge gate, the discharge gate is used for taking out the pomegranate seed of peeling off.
Further, an automatic pomegranate seed device that peels that removes, the use step is as follows:
a: after the cover plate is opened, the pomegranate is placed on the fixed base, the pomegranate is fixed through the fixed needle, the cover plate is covered above the box body, the push rod pushes the sliding block fixed with the second blade from the first sliding groove to the second sliding groove, the second blade is inserted into the position of about three centimeters below the top end of the pomegranate, then the second blade rotates along the second sliding groove for a circle to cut the top end of the pomegranate, the push rod sucks the sliding block to the first sliding groove through the electromagnet, the position of the membrane is corresponding to the ridge of the pomegranate rind protrusion, the cutting along the ridge can effectively reduce the error cutting of the pomegranate seeds, the fixed needle can drive the pomegranate to rotate when the rotary seat rotates, so that the six first blades respectively aim at the ridge of the pomegranate rind, the six first blades shrink towards the center to cut the pomegranate into one piece, the error cutting of the pomegranate seeds can be avoided, and the structure of the fixed needle is triangular pyramid type, the fixed needle continuously rotates to conveniently separate the pomegranate cut into the petals, and the first blade resets after the cutting is finished;
b: after the step A is finished, the pomegranate cut into the pomegranate petals falls into the rotary drum, the motor is started to enable the rotary drum to rotate, the pomegranate petals collide with each other and impact water flow ejected from the two rotary spray heads to enable pomegranate grains to be peeled off, the peeled pomegranate grains fall on the baffle through the primary filter screen, the valve is opened at the same time, the impacted water flow flows out of the drain pipe, the filter screen is arranged in the drain pipe to prevent pomegranate seeds from flowing out, and the pomegranate peel blocked by the primary filter screen is taken out of the first material taking port;
c: after the step B is completed, the valve is closed, water flows into the water flow channel through the third water inlet pipe and then flows out of the water outlet, the water flows can form vortex due to inertia to roll up the membrane flap, the membrane flap is light and the pomegranate seeds are heavy, the membrane flap is rolled above water, the pomegranate seeds sink on the baffle, the blocking net is unfolded to intercept the membrane flap at the moment, the valve is opened to drain water through the drain pipe, the membrane flap blocked by the blocking net can be taken out from the second material taking port, the blocking net can be folded after the use is completed, and the first material taking port and the second material taking port are closed when the device works.
D: after accomplishing C step, two baffles are opened downwards, the pomegranate seed that peels off whereabouts is to first separation net and second separation net, the mesh of first separation net slightly is greater than the diameter of pomegranate seed, the mesh of second separation net slightly is less than the diameter of pomegranate seed, mutually support through hydraulic stem and vibrations spring, make first separation net and second separation net take place vibrations, the impurity that is greater than the pomegranate seed falls into the impurity receiver through impurity export and impurity passageway, the impurity that is less than the pomegranate seed falls into the impurity receiver through the second separation net, the pomegranate seed through the separation is because vibrations are poured from the discharge gate along the second separation net.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the following beneficial effects:
1. mutually support through roating seat and the fixed needle that sets up, be convenient for accurate finding lamella position, can effectually reduce the miscut to the pomegranate seed, fix through inserting the fixed needle pomegranate, cut away the back on the top of pomegranate at the second blade, the fixed needle can drive the pomegranate rotation when roating seat rotates, make six first blades aim at the arris of pomegranate crust respectively, six first blades are to the shrink of center department, cut into the lamella with the pomegranate, can avoid the miscut to the pomegranate seed, and because the structure of fixed needle is the triangular pyramid type, the torsional force that the fixed needle continues rotatory production is convenient for will cut into the pomegranate of lamella separately.
2. The blocking net, the first separating net and the second separating net can separate the lamella mixed with the pomegranate seeds from the pomegranate peel fragments, which is beneficial to improving the quality of the extracted pomegranate seeds, the water flow enters the water flow channel through the third water inlet pipe and then flows out from the water outlet, the water flow can form vortex due to inertia to roll up the lamella, at the moment, the blocking net is unfolded to intercept the lamella, the valve is opened to drain water through the drain pipe, then the pomegranate seed passes through the baffle and falls to first separation net and second separation net, and the mesh of first separation net slightly is greater than the diameter of pomegranate seed, and the mesh of second separation net slightly is lighter than the diameter of pomegranate seed, and the impurity that is greater than the pomegranate seed falls into the impurity receiver through impurity export and impurity passageway, and the impurity that is less than the pomegranate seed falls into the impurity receiver through the second separation net, and the pomegranate seed through the separation can follow the discharge gate along the second separation net owing to vibrations and pour out.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of an automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate according to the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a schematic longitudinal sectional view of a box body of the automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate according to the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic bottom view of a cover plate of an automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a schematic top view of the interior of the box of the automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is an enlarged schematic view of a portion a in fig. 2 of an automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is an enlarged schematic view of B in fig. 2 of an automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate according to the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a schematic cross-sectional view of a box of the automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate according to the present invention.
In the figure: 1. a box body; 2. a cover plate; 3. lifting the button; 4. a first water inlet pipe; 5. a second water inlet pipe; 6. a third water inlet pipe; 7. a first material taking port; 8. a second material taking port; 9. a drain pipe; 10. a valve; 11. an impurity storage box; 12. a metal fixing strip; 13. a first blade; 14. rotating the spray head; 15. a rotating drum; 16. primary filtering net; 17. a baffle plate; 18. blocking; 19. a first separation mesh; 20. a second separation net; 21. a first chute; 22. a second chute; 23. a push rod; 24. a slider; 25. a second blade; 26. a fixed base; 27. a rotating base; 28. a fixing pin; 29. an impurity outlet; 30. an impurity channel; 31. a placement groove; 32. a hydraulic lever; 33. vibrating the spring; 34. a water flow channel; 35. a water outlet; 36. and (4) a discharge port.
Detailed Description
In order to make the technical means, the creation characteristics, the achievement purposes and the effects of the invention easy to understand, the invention is further described with the specific embodiments.
Example 1
As shown in fig. 1-7, an automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device comprises a box body (1), a cover plate (2) is installed at the top of the box body (1), a lifting button (3) is fixedly installed at the axis of the upper surface of the cover plate (2), a first material taking opening (7) and a second material taking opening (8) are formed in the front of the box body (1), the second material taking opening (8) is located below the first material taking opening (7), the first material taking opening (7) and the second material taking opening (8) are used for taking out impurities generated during peeling and seed removing, an impurity accommodating box (11) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the box body (1), and a metal fixing strip (12) is transversely and fixedly connected to the inside of the box body (1).
The middle part of the upper surface of metal fixing strip (12) is fixed with unable adjustment base (26), install six first blades (13) around unable adjustment base (26), six first blades (13) can be through machinery to center department shrink, the center department of unable adjustment base (26) installs roating seat (27), the last surface mounting of roating seat (27) has fixed needle (28), the structure of fixed needle (28) is three pyramid type, be convenient for part the pomegranate that cuts when rotatory.
First spout (21) and second spout (22) have been seted up to the lower surface of apron (2), second spout (22) set up to communicate for ring shape and first spout (21) rather than the outside, the inside fixed mounting of first spout (21) has push rod (23), the inside sliding connection of first spout (21) has slider (24), push rod (23) can adsorb fixedly through electro-magnet and slider (24), the lower fixed surface of slider (24) installs second blade (25).
The inner wall of the box body (1) is provided with a rotary drum (15), and the rotary drum (15) is positioned on the metal fixing strip
(12) A primary filter screen (16) is fixedly arranged at the bottom end inside the rotary drum (15), and the rotary drum
(15) Through the motor at box (1) internal rotation, the inside through connection of box (1) has first inlet tube (4) and second inlet tube (5), and first inlet tube (4) and second inlet tube (5) are located between rotary drum (15) and metal fixing strip (12), and the equal fixed mounting of one end that first inlet tube (4) and second inlet tube (5) are located box (1) has rotatory nozzle (14).
By adopting the technical scheme: mutually support through roating seat (27) and fixed needle (28) that set up, be convenient for accurate finding membrane lamella position, can effectual reduction miscut to the pomegranate seed, it is fixed through inserting the pomegranate to fixed needle (28), cut away the back with the top of pomegranate at second blade (25), fixed needle (28) can drive the pomegranate rotation when roating seat (27) rotate, make six first blades (13) aim at the arris of pomegranate rind respectively, six first blades (13) are to the shrink of center department, cut into the lamella with the pomegranate, can avoid the miscut to the pomegranate seed, and because the structure of fixed needle (28) is three-edged cone type, the torsional force that fixed needle (28) continue rotatory production is convenient for will cut into the pomegranate of lamella separately.
Example 2
As shown in fig. 1-7, an automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device comprises a box body (1), a cover plate (2) is installed at the top of the box body (1), a lifting button (3) is fixedly installed at the axis of the upper surface of the cover plate (2), a first material taking opening (7) and a second material taking opening (8) are formed in the front of the box body (1), the second material taking opening (8) is located below the first material taking opening (7), the first material taking opening (7) and the second material taking opening (8) are used for taking out impurities generated during peeling and seed removing, an impurity accommodating box (11) is fixedly installed at the bottom of the box body (1), and a metal fixing strip (12) is transversely and fixedly connected to the inside of the box body (1).
The middle part of the upper surface of metal fixing strip (12) is fixed with unable adjustment base (26), install six first blades (13) around unable adjustment base (26), six first blades (13) can be through machinery to center department shrink, the center department of unable adjustment base (26) installs roating seat (27), the last surface mounting of roating seat (27) has fixed needle (28), the structure of fixed needle (28) is three pyramid type, be convenient for part the pomegranate that cuts when rotatory.
The water flow channel (34) is formed in the box body (1), the outer side of the water flow channel (34) is communicated with a third water inlet pipe (6), the inner side of the water flow channel (34) is communicated with a water outlet (35), the third water inlet pipe (6) and the water outlet (35) are located on the lower end face of the rotary drum (15), water flowing in the water flow channel (34) can form a vortex, a blocking net (18) is arranged on the lower end face of the third water inlet pipe (6) and the lower end face of the water outlet (35), the blocking net (18) is installed on the inner wall of the box body (1), the blocking net (18) can be retracted when being unfolded and not used when being used, two blocking plates (17) are arranged on the lower end face of the blocking net (18), the two blocking plates (17) are fixed inside the box body (1) through a rotating shaft, a drain pipe (9) is connected to one side of the box body (1) in a penetrating mode, a valve (10) is installed at the tail end of the drain pipe (9), and the drain pipe (9) is located between the blocking net (17) and the blocking net (18).
The lower end face of the baffle (17) is provided with a first separation net (19) and a second separation net (20), the second separation net (20) is positioned below the first separation net (19), the left side of the inner wall of the box body (1) is provided with an impurity outlet (29) and an impurity channel (30), the impurity outlet (29) is communicated with the impurity channel (30), the impurity channel (30) penetrates through the bottom of the box body (1), the right side of the inner wall of the box body (1) is provided with a placing groove (31), the upper surface of the lower end of the placing groove (31) is fixedly provided with a hydraulic rod (32), the left end of the first separation net (19) is fixed with the box body (1) through a rotating shaft and is positioned at the impurity outlet (29), the lower surface of the right end of the first separation net (19) is fixedly connected with the top of the hydraulic rod (32), the outer side of the hydraulic rod (32) is provided with a vibration spring (33), and the top of the vibration spring (33) is fixed with the lower surface of the first separation net (19), the bottom of the vibration spring (33) is fixed on the upper surface of the lower end of the placing groove (31), the mesh of the first separating net (19) needs to be slightly larger than the diameter of pomegranate seeds, and impurities with the diameter larger than that of the pomegranate seeds enter the impurity containing box (11) through the impurity outlet (29) and the impurity channel (30).
The left end setting of second separation net (20) is the same with the right-hand member setting of first separation net (19), second separation net (20) can vibrate through the fixed vibration spring (33) of the lower surface of its left end, the mesh of second separation net (20) needs slightly to be less than the diameter of pomegranate seed, the impurity that makes the diameter be less than the pomegranate seed gets into impurity receiver (11) through second separation net (20), the right-hand member of second separation net (20) is provided with discharge gate (36), discharge gate (36) are used for taking out the pomegranate seed of peeling off.
By adopting the technical scheme: the membrane flap and pomegranate peel fragments doped with pomegranate seeds can be separated through the arrangement of the blocking net (18), the first separating net (19) and the second separating net (20), the quality of the extracted pomegranate seeds is improved, water flows enter the water flow channel (34) through the third water inlet pipe (6) and then flow out of the water outlet (35), the water flows can form vortex due to inertia to roll up the membrane flap, the blocking net (18) is unfolded to intercept the membrane flap, the valve (10) is opened to drain water through the water drain pipe (9), then the pomegranate seeds fall to the first separating net (19) and the second separating net (20) through the baffle plate (17), the meshes of the first separating net (19) are slightly larger than the diameter of the pomegranate seeds, the meshes of the second separating net (20) are slightly smaller than the diameter of the pomegranate seeds, and impurities larger than the pomegranate seeds fall into the impurity storage box (11) through the impurity outlet (29) and the impurity channel (30), the impurity that is less than the pomegranate seed falls into impurity receiver (11) through second separation net (20), and the pomegranate seed through the separation is because vibrations are poured from discharge gate (36) along second separation net (20).
The invention is to say that the automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device comprises a case body (1), a fixed base (26), a fixed needle (28), a fixed base (26), a fixed base (2), a fixed base (26), a fixed needle (28), a fixed base (2), a push rod (23), a sliding block (24) fixed with a second blade (25), a second sliding chute (22), a push rod (23), a second sliding chute (22), a third centimeter of distance from the top end of the pomegranate, a second sliding chute (22), and an electromagnet, wherein the second sliding chute (21) is provided with a sliding block (24), the second sliding block (25) is inserted into the top end of the pomegranate, the push rod (23) rotates along the second sliding chute (22) for a circle to cut the top end of the pomegranate, the push rod (23) sucks the sliding block (24) to the first sliding chute (21) again through the electromagnet, and the pomegranate seeds can be cut along the arris due to the position of the outer membrane of the pomegranate, so that the error cutting to the pomegranate seeds can be effectively reduced, when the rotary seat (27) rotates, the fixed needle (28) can drive the pomegranate to rotate, so that the six first blades (13) are respectively aligned with edges of the pomegranate rind, the six first blades (13) shrink towards the center to cut the pomegranate into one segment and one segment, error cutting of pomegranate seeds can be avoided, and because the fixed needle (28) is of a triangular pyramid shape, the fixed needle (28) continuously rotates to separate the pomegranate cut into segments, the first blades (13) reset after cutting is completed, then the pomegranate cut into segments falls into the pomegranate rotary drum (15), a motor is started to rotate the rotary drum (15), the segments collide with each other and impact of water flow ejected from two rotary nozzles (14) to peel the pomegranate particles, the peeled pomegranate particles fall onto the baffle (17) through the primary filter screen (16), and the valve (10) is opened to enable the impacted water flow to flow out from the water discharge pipe (9), and the filter screen is arranged in the water discharge pipe (9) to avoid the pomegranate seeds from flowing out along with the water flow, the pomegranate rind blocked by the primary filter screen (16) is taken out from the first material taking port (7), the valve (10) is closed, water flows into the water flow channel (34) through the third water inlet pipe (6) and then flows out from the water outlet (35), the water flow can form vortex due to inertia to roll up the membrane flap, the membrane flap is rolled above water due to light membrane flap and heavy pomegranate seed, the pomegranate seed is deposited on the baffle plate (17), at the moment, the barrier net (18) is unfolded to intercept the membrane flap, the valve (10) is opened to drain water through the drain pipe (9), the membrane flap blocked by the barrier net (18) can be taken out from the second material taking port (8), the barrier net (18) can be folded after the use is finished, the first material taking port (7) and the second material taking port (8) are closed when the device works, finally, the two baffle plates (17) are opened downwards, and the peeled pomegranate seed falls towards the first separating net (19) and the second separating net (20), the mesh of first separation net (19) slightly is greater than the diameter of pomegranate seed, the mesh of second separation net (20) slightly is less than the diameter of pomegranate seed, mutually support through hydraulic stem (32) and vibrations spring (33), make first separation net (19) and second separation net (20) shake, the impurity that is greater than the pomegranate seed falls into impurity receiver (11) through impurity export (29) and impurity passageway (30), the impurity that is less than the pomegranate seed falls into impurity receiver (11) through second separation net (20), the pomegranate seed through the separation is because vibrations are poured out from discharge gate (36) along second separation net (20).
The foregoing shows and describes the general principles and broad features of the present invention and advantages thereof. It will be understood by those skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the embodiments described above, which are described in the specification and illustrated only to illustrate the principle of the present invention, but that various changes and modifications may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, which fall within the scope of the invention as claimed. The scope of the invention is defined by the appended claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (4)

1. The utility model provides an automatic seed device that peels off of pomegranate, includes the box, its characterized in that: the box body is characterized in that a cover plate is installed at the top of the box body, a lifting button is fixedly installed at the axis of the upper surface of the cover plate, a first material taking port and a second material taking port are formed in the front of the box body, the second material taking port is located below the first material taking port, the first material taking port and the second material taking port are used for taking out sundries generated during peeling and seed removing, an impurity accommodating box is fixedly installed at the bottom of the box body, and a metal fixing strip is transversely and fixedly connected inside the box body; a fixed base is fixed in the middle of the upper surface of the metal fixing strip, six first blades are mounted on the periphery of the fixed base, the six first blades shrink towards the center through machinery, a rotating base is mounted at the center of the fixed base, a fixing needle is mounted on the upper surface of the rotating base, the fixing needle is in a triangular pyramid shape, and cut pomegranates can be conveniently separated during rotation; the lower surface of the cover plate is provided with a first sliding groove and a second sliding groove, the second sliding groove is arranged in a ring shape, the first sliding groove is communicated with the outer side of the second sliding groove, a push rod is fixedly arranged inside the first sliding groove, a sliding block is connected inside the first sliding groove in a sliding mode, the push rod is fixedly adsorbed to the sliding block through an electromagnet, and a second blade is fixedly arranged on the lower surface of the sliding block; the inner wall of the box body is provided with a rotary drum, the rotary drum is positioned on the lower end face of the metal fixing strip, the bottom end inside the rotary drum is fixedly provided with a primary filter screen, the rotary drum rotates in the box body through a motor, the box body is internally connected with a first water inlet pipe and a second water inlet pipe in a penetrating manner, the first water inlet pipe and the second water inlet pipe are positioned between the rotary drum and the metal fixing strip, and one ends of the first water inlet pipe and the second water inlet pipe, which are positioned in the box body, are fixedly provided with rotary nozzles; the water flow channel is arranged in the box body, a third water inlet pipe is communicated with the outer side of the water flow channel, a water outlet is communicated with the inner side of the water flow channel, the third water inlet pipe and the water outlet are located on the lower end face of the rotary drum, water flowing through the water flow channel forms a vortex, a blocking net is arranged on the lower end face of the third water inlet pipe and the water outlet, the blocking net is arranged on the inner wall of the box body, the blocking net is unfolded when not used, two baffles are arranged on the lower end face of the blocking net and fixed in the box body through a rotating shaft, a drain pipe is connected to one side of the box body in a penetrating mode, a valve is installed at the tail end of the drain pipe, and the drain pipe is located between the baffles and the blocking net.
2. The automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device according to claim 1, wherein: the lower end face of the baffle is provided with a first separation net and a second separation net, the second separation net is positioned below the first separation net, the left side of the inner wall of the box body is provided with an impurity outlet and an impurity channel, the impurity outlet is communicated with the impurity channel, the impurity channel penetrates through the bottom of the box body, the right side of the inner wall of the box body is provided with a placing groove, the upper surface of the lower end of the placing groove is fixedly provided with a hydraulic rod, the left end of the first separation net is fixed with the box body through a rotating shaft and is positioned at the impurity outlet, the lower surface of the right end of the first separation net is fixedly connected with the top of the hydraulic rod, the outer side of the hydraulic rod is provided with a vibration spring, the top of the vibration spring is fixed with the lower surface of the first separation net, the bottom of the vibration spring is fixed on the upper surface of the lower end of the placing groove, and the meshes of the first separation net need to be slightly larger than the diameter of pomegranate seeds, make the impurity that the diameter is greater than the pomegranate seed get into the impurity receiver through impurity export and impurity passageway.
3. The automatic pomegranate peeling and seed removing device according to claim 2, wherein: the left end setting of second separation net is the same with the right-hand member setting of first separation net, the second separation net shakes through the lower fixed surface's of its left end vibrations spring, the mesh of second separation net need slightly be less than the diameter of pomegranate seed, makes the impurity that the diameter is less than the pomegranate seed get into the impurity receiver through the second separation net, the right-hand member of second separation net is provided with the discharge gate, the discharge gate is used for taking out the pomegranate seed that peels off.
4. The automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate according to any one of claims 1 to 3, wherein: the use steps are as follows:
a: after the cover plate is opened, the pomegranate is placed on the fixed base, the pomegranate is fixed through the fixed needle, the cover plate is covered above the box body, the push rod pushes the sliding block fixed with the second blade from the first sliding groove to the second sliding groove, the second blade is inserted into the position of three centimeters below the top end of the pomegranate, then the second blade rotates for a circle along the second sliding groove to cut the top end of the pomegranate, the push rod sucks the sliding block to the first sliding groove through the electromagnet, the position of the lamella corresponds to the ridge of the pomegranate rind protrusion, the cutting along the ridge is carried out, the mistaken cutting of pomegranate seeds is reduced, the fixed needle drives the pomegranate to rotate when the rotary seat rotates, the six first blades respectively aim at the ridge of the pomegranate rind, the six first blades shrink towards the center to cut the pomegranate into one piece and one piece, the mistaken cutting of the pomegranate seeds is avoided, and the fixed needle is of a triangular pyramid shape, the fixed needle continuously rotates to separate the pomegranate pieces cut into pieces, resetting the first blade after cutting;
b: after the step A is finished, the pomegranate cut into the pomegranate petals falls into the rotary drum, the motor is started to enable the rotary drum to rotate, the pomegranate petals collide with each other and impact water flow ejected from the two rotary spray heads to enable pomegranate grains to be peeled off, the peeled pomegranate grains fall on the baffle through the primary filter screen, the valve is opened at the same time, the impacted water flow flows out of the drain pipe, the filter screen is arranged in the drain pipe to prevent pomegranate seeds from flowing out, and the pomegranate peel blocked by the primary filter screen is taken out of the first material taking port;
c: after the step B is finished, the valve is closed, water flows into the water flow channel through the third water inlet pipe and then flows out of the water outlet, the water flow forms vortex due to inertia to roll up the membrane flap, the membrane flap is rolled above water due to light membrane flap and pomegranate seeds are heavy, the pomegranate seeds sink on the baffle, the blocking net is unfolded to intercept the membrane flap, the valve is opened to drain water through the drain pipe, the membrane flap blocked by the blocking net is taken out from the second material taking port, the blocking net is folded after use is finished, and the first material taking port and the second material taking port are closed when the device works;
d: after accomplishing C step, two baffles are opened downwards, the pomegranate seed that peels off whereabouts is to first separation net and second separation net, the mesh of first separation net slightly is greater than the diameter of pomegranate seed, the mesh of second separation net slightly is less than the diameter of pomegranate seed, mutually support through hydraulic stem and vibrations spring, make first separation net and second separation net take place vibrations, the impurity that is greater than the pomegranate seed falls into the impurity receiver through impurity export and impurity passageway, the impurity that is less than the pomegranate seed falls into the impurity receiver through the second separation net, the pomegranate seed through the separation is because vibrations are poured from the discharge gate along the second separation net.
CN202010982478.4A 2020-09-17 2020-09-17 Automatic peeling and seed removing device for pomegranate Active CN112056574B (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8695491B1 (en) * 2010-10-28 2014-04-15 Monica Nicole Schofield Apparatus and methods for splitting a pomegranate apart
CN205993585U (en) * 2016-06-28 2017-03-08 孙振国 Punica granatum L. automatic remove seed machine
CN107518422A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-12-29 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent robot with pomegranate fruit separation function that can be wirelessly transferred
CN108095133A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-01 德清秋水果汁有限公司 A kind of automatic remove seed machine of pomegranate
CN208624599U (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-03-22 韩腾 A kind of pomegranate stripping device
CN109832633A (en) * 2017-11-26 2019-06-04 新疆工程学院 A kind of pomegranate thresing machine
CN209331140U (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-09-03 安徽天兆石榴开发有限公司 A kind of pomegranate processing unit (plant)

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US8695491B1 (en) * 2010-10-28 2014-04-15 Monica Nicole Schofield Apparatus and methods for splitting a pomegranate apart
CN205993585U (en) * 2016-06-28 2017-03-08 孙振国 Punica granatum L. automatic remove seed machine
CN107518422A (en) * 2017-08-03 2017-12-29 深圳市中科智诚科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent robot with pomegranate fruit separation function that can be wirelessly transferred
CN109832633A (en) * 2017-11-26 2019-06-04 新疆工程学院 A kind of pomegranate thresing machine
CN108095133A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-06-01 德清秋水果汁有限公司 A kind of automatic remove seed machine of pomegranate
CN208624599U (en) * 2018-01-23 2019-03-22 韩腾 A kind of pomegranate stripping device
CN209331140U (en) * 2018-09-12 2019-09-03 安徽天兆石榴开发有限公司 A kind of pomegranate processing unit (plant)

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