CN112027678A - Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot - Google Patents

Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot Download PDF

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Publication number
CN112027678A
CN112027678A CN202010789435.4A CN202010789435A CN112027678A CN 112027678 A CN112027678 A CN 112027678A CN 202010789435 A CN202010789435 A CN 202010789435A CN 112027678 A CN112027678 A CN 112027678A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stacking
platform
plate
station
material box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN202010789435.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张�成
李群胜
王建军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Hunan Siborei Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Hunan Siborei Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Hunan Siborei Intelligent Equipment Co ltd filed Critical Hunan Siborei Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Priority to CN202010789435.4A priority Critical patent/CN112027678A/en
Publication of CN112027678A publication Critical patent/CN112027678A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G57/00Stacking of articles
    • B65G57/02Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack
    • B65G57/03Stacking of articles by adding to the top of the stack from above

Abstract

The invention discloses a stacking mechanism and a visual inspection robot, which comprise a rack, a platform, a supporting assembly, a jacking assembly and a stacking assembly, wherein the rack is arranged below the platform; a stacking station through which the hollow feeding box passes is arranged in the middle of the platform; the support assembly can upwards support the stacking material box above the stacking station; the jacking assembly jacks the material receiving box upwards to a horizontal position of the lower end surface of the supporting plate; the stacking assembly jacks up the stacking material box on the top plate of the stacking station and exceeds the horizontal position of the upper end surface of the support plate. The stacking mechanism is applied to a conveying line, can automatically stack more box bodies, is not influenced by smooth and inconvenient grabbing of the side surface of a material box, has small stacking impact force of the material box, protects materials in the material box, and improves the stability of equipment. The problem of unmatched processing speed of front end and rear end on the production line is solved, the whole machining efficiency of production line has been improved.

Description

Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of mechanical preparation, in particular to a material stacking mechanism and a visual inspection robot.
Background
At present, in the electronic product manufacturing industry, in order to prevent the electronic magnetic core from being scratched in the storage process, the electronic magnetic core is often required to be placed in a box body such as a plastic uptake box, and when the magnetic core is required to be sorted and the like, the magnetic core is taken out from the box body.
In the prior art, a front end and a rear end with incompletely matched processing speeds often appear on a production line, in order to improve the processing efficiency, the speed of incoming materials is usually selected to be the maximum processing speed for feeding, and a buffer mechanism with the function of stacking materials or stacking materials is necessarily arranged in the middle of the feeding speed, so that redundant material boxes can be stored.
Most of box stacking mechanisms on the market have lugs on the side faces of the boxes, the side faces of the boxes are usually recessed or extended, the boxes are usually plastic products and are easy to deform or age after being used for a long time, and the smooth side faces of the boxes are not easy to grab when the boxes are stacked. The common eared material box has limited stacking weight, and because the eared material box is influenced by the bearing force of the ears on the side surface of the material box, the eared material box has poor bearing force, and the material stacking process is easy to be clamped due to the forced deformation of the material box. Above-mentioned process often needs artifical manual correction, also utilizes the workman manually to adjust the magazine that blocks, just can carry out the work of folding the material of next magazine, all needs artifical the participation, has greatly restricted production efficiency, increases intensity of labour, and the cost is higher.
In summary, how to provide a device capable of saving labor cost and improving production efficiency is a technical problem that needs to be considered by those skilled in the art.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention solves the technical problem of providing a stacking mechanism and a vision detection robot, solves the problem that a material box with a smooth side surface is inconvenient to grasp when being stacked, can bear heavy weight and reduces the impact force on a material plate when being stacked; the common lug material box has limited bearing weight, and is limited by the bearing force of lugs on the side surface of the material box, but the invention aims to increase the bearing area of the support plate on the bottom of the material box to the maximum extent, improve the bearing weight capacity of the material box stack, namely more material boxes can be stacked without being influenced by the smooth side surface of the material box which is inconvenient to grab. In particular, it is also desirable to reduce the impact force of stacking the magazine and protect the magazine and the material in the magazine, thereby improving the stability of the device.
In order to solve the technical problems, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: a stacking mechanism comprises a rack, a platform, a supporting assembly, a jacking assembly and a stacking assembly, wherein the rack is arranged below the platform; a stacking station through which the hollow feeding box passes is arranged in the middle of the platform; the supporting component is positioned on the side surface of the stacking station of the platform and comprises a supporting plate and a supporting driving unit for driving the supporting plate to move along the horizontal direction, and the supporting plate extends into the lower part of the bottom of the material box in the width direction when moving forwards and can lift the stacked material box above the stacking station upwards; when the supporting plate moves backwards, the supporting plate retracts below the bottom of the platform beyond the width direction of the material box, and the material box stacked on the supporting plate can fall to the top plate or the stacking plate to be supported; the jacking assembly is positioned below the stacking station of the platform and comprises a top plate and a jacking driving unit for driving the top plate to move along the vertical direction, and the material feeding box is jacked upwards to the horizontal position of the lower end surface of the supporting plate when the top plate moves upwards; the stacking assembly is positioned below a stacking station of the platform and comprises a stacking plate and a stacking driving unit for driving the stacking plate to move along the vertical direction, and when the stacking plate moves upwards, a stacking material box positioned on a top plate of the stacking station is jacked upwards and exceeds the horizontal position of the upper end surface of the supporting plate.
The material box stacking device further comprises a guide plate, wherein the guide plate is located above the stacking station and extends in the vertical direction, and the guide plate is used for guiding the material box to move upwards or downwards.
Further, 4 guide plates are arranged above the stacking station.
Further, the deflector is right angle L type, the deflector is located respectively and piles up four angles of station charging tray.
Furthermore, the supporting driving unit, the jacking driving unit and the stacking driving unit are all cylinders.
Further, the supporting and driving unit is a pair of air cylinders and is horizontally arranged on the side face of the platform stacking station, and the supporting plate is arranged on the linear guide rail below the platform and is connected with the air cylinders. The jacking driving unit is a pair of air cylinders and is horizontally arranged below the platform stacking station; the stacking driving unit is an air cylinder, is horizontally arranged below the platform stacking station and is arranged in the middle of the pair of jacking air cylinders.
Further, the length direction of the top plate is parallel to the width direction of the material box, and the length direction of the stacking plate is vertical to the width direction of the material box; the initial positions of the top plate and the stacking plate are on the same horizontal plane.
Further, still include detection switch, detection switch sets up in deflector top position, detects and piles up the full material condition of magazine.
Further, still including getting the material dodge gate, get the material dodge gate and set up on the deflector, get the material box that the material dodge gate can take out and pile up in the deflector.
The utility model provides a visual inspection robot, includes above fold material mechanism, still includes visual inspection mechanism, and visual inspection mechanism sets up on folding material mechanism for detect and judge the magazine.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: on setting up the production conveying line, will treating to pile up the magazine and transport to piling up the station, will transport to the magazine of piling up the station in proper order through the stack subassembly and upwards pile up to piling up automatically to when piling up to setting for quantity, open and get the material dodge gate and once pull out the magazine that piles up. Can realize piling up of more box bodys automatically, do not receive the smooth inconvenient influence of snatching of feed box side simultaneously, the impact force is little in the feed box stack, protects the material in feed box and the feed box to improve equipment stability. The problem of unmatched front end and rear end machining speed on the production line is solved, and the whole machining efficiency of the production line is improved.
Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are incorporated in and constitute a part of this specification, illustrate an embodiment of the invention and, together with the description, serve to explain the invention and not to limit the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a three-dimensional structure diagram of a stacking mechanism and a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 2 is a three-dimensional structure diagram of a stacking mechanism and a material-free box of a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 3 is a front view of a stacking mechanism and a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 4 is a side view of a stacking mechanism and a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 5 is a bottom view of the stacking mechanism and the vision inspection robot;
FIG. 6 is a top view of a stacking mechanism and a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 7 is a schematic view of an initial state of a stacking mechanism and a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 8 is a schematic diagram of a stacking mechanism and a jacking cylinder of a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 9 is a schematic view of the stacking mechanism and the supporting cylinder of the vision inspection robot for retracting;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of a stacking mechanism and a stacking cylinder of a vision inspection robot;
FIG. 11 is a schematic view of the stacking mechanism and the supporting cylinder of the vision inspection robot in an extended position;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of a stacking mechanism, a jacking cylinder of a vision inspection robot, and a working retraction cylinder of a stacking cylinder;
description of reference numerals: 1. the automatic material taking device comprises a frame, 2. a platform, 3. a guide plate, 4. a supporting cylinder, 5. a supporting plate, 6. a linear guide rail, 7. a jacking cylinder, 8. a top plate, 9. a stacking cylinder, 10. a stacking plate, 11. a detection switch, 12. a material taking movable door and 13. a material box.
Detailed Description
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments may be combined with each other without conflict. The present invention will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
The invention is further described with reference to the accompanying drawings, as shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, a stacking mechanism and a vision inspection robot structure are as follows:
a stacking mechanism is characterized in that a rack is formed by arranging 4 round columns around the lower part of a platform, and supporting and adjusting the heights of the platform and a production line; a stacking station through which the hollow feeding box passes is arranged in the middle of the platform; the deflector is located the top of piling up the station and extends along the vertical direction, and the deflector is used for leading the moving up or moving down of magazine, uses 4 generally to take the deflector of right angle L type to lead the magazine.
As shown in fig. 3, 4, 5, and 6:
the support cylinder is 1 pair, installs respectively in two sides of piling up station width direction of platform, and the support cylinder links to each other with the backup pad, and the backup pad sets up along piling up station length direction, and linear guide horizontal installation is in the platform top, and the backup pad is installed on linear guide, and the support cylinder drive backup pad removes along linear guide horizontal direction, and when the backup pad moved forward, stretched into the below of magazine width direction bottom, can upwards hold up the magazine in the backup pad.
The jacking cylinder is 1 pair, installs respectively in the below of the station length direction that piles up of platform, and the jacking cylinder links to each other with the roof, and the roof sets up along piling up station width direction, and jacking cylinder drive roof removes along piling up the station vertical direction, and the lower terminal surface horizontal position of magazine jack-up to the backup pad on will piling up the station during roof rebound. The gap between the material box on the supporting plate and the material box on the top plate is reduced as much as possible, so that the impact force on the material box can be reduced, the magnetic core in the material box is protected from being influenced, and the stability of the equipment is improved.
The stacking cylinders are 1, are arranged below the stacking stations of the platform, are preferably arranged in the middle of 1 pair of jacking cylinders, are connected with the stacking plate, are arranged along the length direction of the stacking stations, drive the stacking plate to move along the vertical direction of the stacking stations, penetrate through the platform to stack the stacking stations, and jack up the material box group on the top plate upwards and exceed the horizontal position of the supporting plate.
The detection switch is a photoelectric switch, is arranged at the top end of the guide plate and is used for detecting whether the material box is fully stacked, if not, the photoelectric switch transmits a signal of not being fully stacked to the controller, and the controller sends a continuous material stacking signal to the front end. If the material box is full, the photoelectric switch transmits a full signal to the controller, the controller sends a material stacking stopping signal to the front end, the material box is full, the alarm lamp flashes, people need to manually open the material taking movable door on the guide plate, and the material box is taken out from the material stacking area defined by the guide plate.
As shown in fig. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12, the first embodiment of the stacking mechanism and the visual inspection robot according to the present invention has the following working processes:
the method comprises the following steps: on the magnetic core production line, the magnetic core is packed into the magazine, then circulates on the production line, and when the magazine got into the platform of folding the material mechanism and piled up the station, the backup pad was in the state of stretching out above the magazine, did not have the magazine in the backup pad during the initial time, and roof and stow plate are in the state of retracting in the magazine below, wait for the magazine to get into.
Step two: the controller controls the jacking cylinder to work, drives the top plate connected with the jacking cylinder to move towards the vertical direction of the platform, and when the top plate moves upwards, the material boxes on the stacking stations are jacked upwards to the horizontal position of the lower end face of the supporting plate. The gap between the material box on the supporting plate and the material box on the top plate is reduced as much as possible, so that the impact force on the material box is reduced during material stacking, the material box and a magnetic core in the material box are protected from being influenced, and the stability of the equipment is improved.
Step three: the work of controller control support cylinder drives and is connected the backup pad with support cylinder and moves along linear guide horizontal reverse, and the backup pad is the indentation backward, and the magazine in the backup pad falls on the magazine of roof, forms the magazine group, and no magazine is except for in the backup pad for the first time.
Step four: the controller controls the stacking cylinder to work, drives the stacking plate connected with the stacking cylinder to move towards the vertical positive direction of the platform, and the stacking plate penetrates through the platform stacking station to jack up the material box group on the top plate upwards and exceed the horizontal position of the supporting plate.
Step five: the controller controls the support cylinder to work to drive the support plate connected with the support cylinder to horizontally and positively move along the linear guide rail, the support plate extends forwards, the support plate extends into the position below the bottom of the material box group on the stacking plate to wait for the material box group on the stacking plate to fall;
step six: the controller control piles up cylinder work, drives and piles up the cylinder and be connected the windrow to the perpendicular reverse motion of platform, and when the windrow passed the platform and piles up the horizontal position that the station is less than the backup pad, with the feed box group whereabouts in the windrow to the backup pad, the backup pad upwards holds up the feed box group in the windrow. The stack continues to move vertically in the opposite direction to the platform and the stack returns to the initial position.
Step seven: the controller controls the jacking cylinder to work, the top plate connected with the jacking cylinder is driven to vertically and reversely move towards the platform, and the top plate returns to the initial state position to complete material box stacking.
In order to improve the efficiency of stacking the magazines, step six and step seven may be performed simultaneously without interference.
For materials which are not affected by impact in the material box, the stacking can be completed only by using the supporting component and the stacking component. The working process of the second embodiment of the stacking mechanism and the visual inspection robot is as follows:
the method comprises the following steps: on the magnetic core production line, the magnetic core is packed into the magazine, then circulates on the production line, and when the magazine got into the platform of folding the material mechanism and piled up the station, the backup pad was in the state of stretching out above the magazine, did not have the magazine in the backup pad during the initial time, and the windrow board was in the state of retracting below the magazine, waited for the magazine to get into.
Step two: the work of controller control support cylinder drives and is connected the backup pad with support cylinder and moves along linear guide horizontal reverse, and the backup pad is the indentation backward, and the magazine in the backup pad falls to the magazine of piling up the station on, forms the magazine group, and no magazine is except for in the backup pad for the first time.
Step three: the controller controls the stacking cylinder to work, drives the stacking plate connected with the stacking cylinder to move towards the vertical positive direction of the platform, and the stacking plate penetrates through the platform to stack the station, and the material box group positioned on the stacking station is jacked upwards and exceeds the horizontal position of the supporting plate.
Step four: the controller controls the support cylinder to work to drive the support plate connected with the support cylinder to horizontally and positively move along the linear guide rail, the support plate extends forwards, the support plate extends into the position below the bottom of the material box group on the stacking plate to wait for the material box group on the stacking plate to fall;
step five: the controller control piles up cylinder work, drives and piles up the cylinder and be connected the windrow to the perpendicular reverse motion of platform, and when the windrow passed the platform and piles up the horizontal position that the station is less than the backup pad, with the feed box group whereabouts in the windrow to the backup pad, the backup pad upwards holds up the feed box group in the windrow. The stacking plate continues to move vertically and reversely towards the platform, and the stacking plate returns to the initial state position to finish the stacking of a material box.
If the driving assembly is replaced by the combination of the motor and the screw rod, more precise lifting control can be realized, and the function of stacking can also be realized. Other power sources than an electric motor, such as a hydraulic cylinder, are also possible.
The stacking mechanism and the visual inspection robot are applied to a production line to automatically stack a plurality of box bodies, so that the problem that the processing speeds of the front end and the rear end of the production line are not matched is solved, and the overall processing efficiency of the production line is improved. The invention can also be directly applied to the end of the production line, and directly used for stacking and collecting the material boxes. Through the support of backup pad to the magazine bottom, the roof is to the magazine jacking, and the windrow board piles up the magazine, snatchs when making the smooth magazine of side pile up unaffected to can bear more magazines and pile up, reduce the impact force to magnetic core in the magazine simultaneously.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the preferred embodiments of the present invention and is not to be construed as limiting the invention, and any modifications, equivalents, improvements and the like that fall within the spirit and principle of the present invention are intended to be included therein.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a fold material mechanism which characterized in that: comprises a frame, a platform, a supporting component, a jacking component and a stacking component,
the rack is arranged below the platform;
a stacking station through which the hollow feeding box passes is arranged in the middle of the platform;
the supporting component is positioned on the side surface of the stacking station of the platform and comprises a supporting plate and a supporting driving unit for driving the supporting plate to move along the horizontal direction, and the supporting plate extends into the lower part of the bottom of the material box in the width direction when moving forwards and can lift the stacked material box above the stacking station upwards; when the supporting plate moves backwards, the supporting plate retracts below the bottom of the platform beyond the width direction of the material box, and the material box stacked on the supporting plate can fall to the top plate or the stacking plate to be supported;
the jacking assembly is positioned below the stacking station of the platform and comprises a top plate and a jacking driving unit for driving the top plate to move along the vertical direction, and the material feeding box is jacked upwards to the horizontal position of the lower end surface of the supporting plate when the top plate moves upwards;
the stacking assembly is positioned below a stacking station of the platform and comprises a stacking plate and a stacking driving unit for driving the stacking plate to move along the vertical direction, and when the stacking plate moves upwards, a stacking material box positioned on a top plate of the stacking station is jacked upwards and exceeds the horizontal position of the upper end surface of the supporting plate.
2. The stacking mechanism of claim 1, wherein: still include the deflector, the deflector is located the top of stacking the station and extends along the vertical direction, the deflector is used for leading the upwards moving or the downward moving of magazine.
3. The stacking mechanism of claim 2, wherein: 4 guide plates are arranged above the stacking stations.
4. The stacking mechanism according to claim 3, wherein: the deflector is right angle L type, the deflector is located respectively and piles up four angles of station charging tray.
5. The stacking mechanism of claim 1, wherein: the supporting driving unit, the jacking driving unit and the stacking driving unit are all cylinders.
6. The stacking mechanism of claim 5, wherein: the supporting driving unit is a pair of air cylinders and is horizontally arranged on the side surface of the platform stacking station; the jacking driving unit is a pair of air cylinders and is horizontally arranged below the platform stacking station; the stacking driving unit is an air cylinder, is horizontally arranged below the platform stacking station and is arranged in the middle of the pair of jacking air cylinders.
7. The stacking mechanism of claim 6, wherein: the length direction of the top plate is parallel to the width direction of the material box, and the length direction of the stacking plate is vertical to the width direction of the material box; the initial positions of the top plate and the stacking plate are on the same horizontal plane.
8. The stacking mechanism according to claim 4, wherein: still include the detection switch, the detection switch sets up in deflector top position, detects and piles up the full material condition of magazine.
9. The stacking mechanism according to claim 4, wherein: still including getting the material dodge gate, get the material dodge gate and set up on the deflector, get the material box that piles up in the deflector that the dodge gate can take out.
10. A visual inspection robot having a stacker mechanism as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 9.
CN202010789435.4A 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot Pending CN112027678A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010789435.4A CN112027678A (en) 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN202010789435.4A CN112027678A (en) 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN112027678A true CN112027678A (en) 2020-12-04

Family

ID=73582730

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN202010789435.4A Pending CN112027678A (en) 2020-08-07 2020-08-07 Fold material mechanism and visual inspection robot

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN112027678A (en)

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112874894A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-01 广东鑫光智能系统有限公司 Plate temporary storage warehouse in plate sorting production line and storing and taking method thereof
CN113353605A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-07 中电鹏程智能装备有限公司 Buffer memory type non-stop PCB feeding device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112874894A (en) * 2021-01-12 2021-06-01 广东鑫光智能系统有限公司 Plate temporary storage warehouse in plate sorting production line and storing and taking method thereof
CN113353605A (en) * 2021-06-16 2021-09-07 中电鹏程智能装备有限公司 Buffer memory type non-stop PCB feeding device

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